Childhood trauma in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: focus on personality disorders and psychopathology
This study was designed to evaluate the association between different childhood traumas and the presence and number of PDs and current psychopathology in a sample of CFS patients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 16, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Naia Sáez-Francàs, Natalia Calvo, José Alegre, Jesús Castro-Marrero, Nicolás Ramírez, Jorge Hernández-Vara, Miguel Casas Source Type: research

The validity of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire in a Greek sample: tests of measurement invariance and latent mean differences
The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) is a widely used scale for measuring schizotypal characteristics modeled on DSM-III-R criteria for schizotypal personality disorder (SPD). The aim of this study was to examine the factorial structure of the Greek SPQ, its factorial invariance across gender and different age groups and possible gender and age group differences at latent mean level. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 11, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ioannis Tsaousis, Chrysoula Zouraraki, Penny Karamaouna, Leda Karagiannopoulou, Stella G. Giakoumaki Source Type: research

Impaired family functioning in psychosis and its relevance to relapse: a two-year follow-up study
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether dysfunctional family functioning contributes to relapse over a two-year follow-up period in patients experiencing their first episode of psychosis (FEP) and chronic patients with psychosis. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 11, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katerina Koutra, Sofia Triliva, Theano Roumeliotaki, Maria Basta, Panagiotis Simos, Christos Lionis, Alexandros N. Vgontzas Source Type: research

Alexithymia and self-directedness as predictors of psychopathology and psychotherapeutic treatment outcome
In this study, we investigated the interaction of alexithymia and SD, and their impact on general psychopathology and on treatment outcome. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 11, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jan Terock, Deborah Janowitz, Carsten Spitzer, Martin Miertsch, Harald J. Freyberger, Hans Jörgen Grabe Source Type: research

Perceived discrimination and impaired mental health in Turkish immigrants and their descendents in Germany
This study investigates the relationship between different forms of perceived ethnic discrimination, stress, and depressive and somatoform symptoms in Turkish immigrants and their descendents. Moreover, it was tested whether ethnic identification buffers the effect of discrimination on stress. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 11, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ricarda Mewes, Frank Asbrock, Johanna Laskawi Source Type: research

Serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels and psychotic symptoms in heroin dependence
Psychotic symptoms are commonly observed among heroin users. Low serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels have been reported in schizophrenia and psychosis; however, studies assessing the relationship between serum BDNF levels and psychotic symptoms in heroin dependence are lacking. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 10, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: B. Han, X.Y. Zhang, D.Y. Wang, W.W. Ren, Y.Y. Gu, L. Zhu, Y.L. Chang, L.P. Wang, C.W. Wu, Q.Q. Jin, C. Chen, D.Z. Lyu, J.Y. Zhao, B. Shao, J.C. He Source Type: research

Association of Stress Coping Strategies With Internet Addiction in College Students: The Moderating Effect of Depression
This study examined the association between stress-related coping strategies and Internet addiction and the moderating effect of depression in a sample of Taiwanese college students. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wei-Po Chou, Chih-Hung Ko, Erin A. Kaufman, Sheila E. Crowell, Ray C. Hsiao, Peng-Wei Wang, Jin-Jia Lin, Cheng-Fang Yen Source Type: research

Psychodynamic profile and reflective functioning in patients with bulimia nervosa
To examine the general psychological functioning of patients suffering from Bulimia Nervosa (BN) using the Karolinska Psychodynamic Profile (KAPP). Furthermore, KAPP data and data from the Reflective Functioning scale (RF), measuring the ability to mentalize, were combined in order to examine differences in alexithymia, impulse control and affect regulation in patients with high or low RF. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Birgit Bork Mathiesen, Signe Holm Pedersen, Charlotte Sandros, Hannah Katznelson, Alexander Wilczek, Stig Poulsen, Susanne Lunn Source Type: research

Transdiagnostic Psychopathology Mediates the Relationship Between Childhood Sexual Abuse and HIV/AIDS and other Sexually Transmitted Infections in Adulthood
Exposure to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with elevated rates of mental disorders, sexual risk behavior, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in adulthood. Mental disorders themselves are associated with an increased risk for HIV/AIDs and STIs as well, and thus may mediate the association between CSA and HIV/AIDS and other STIs. The links among CSA, disorders, and STIs are unclear, however. The current study tested the hypothesis that the association of CSA with STIs is mediated by adult transdiagnostic psychopathology. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 8, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessica A. Latack, Craig Rodriguez-Seijas, Malka Stohl, Carlos Blanco, Deborah S. Hasin, Nicholas R. Eaton Source Type: research

The Relationships between Dysfunctional Attitudes, Rumination, and Non-somatic Depressive Symptomatology in Newly Diagnosed Asian Cancer Patients
Given the high prevalence of cancer patients with comorbid depression, the present study sought to elucidate the relationships between two vulnerability factors, dysfunctional attitudes and rumination, and their influence on non-somatic depressive symptomatology in an Asian cohort of cancer patients. It was hypothesised that all variables of interest would be inter-correlated, and that both dysfunctional attitudes and rumination would mediate one another in influencing non-somatic depressive symptoms. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kevin F.Y. Lam, Haikel A. Lim, Joyce Y.S. Tan, Rathi Mahendran Source Type: research

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Contents
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Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 5, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of 72hours total sleep deprivation on male astronauts' executive functions and emotion
To provide evidence for better understanding stressful situations, the present study was designed to investigate the specific physiological and psychological responses under stressful situations like social isolation and sleep deprivation. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 3, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Qing Liu, Renlai Zhou, Lei Liu, Xin Zhao Source Type: research

Comment on “Re-examining premature mortality in anorexia nervosa: A meta-analysis redux” by Keshaviah et al. [Comprehensive Psychiatry 55 (2014) 1773 – 1784]
As our research group (Arcelus et al. (2011)) has our 'missteps detailed' in the above mentioned paper we would like to respond to some of the points of criticism. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 3, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Søren Nielsen, Alex J. Mitchell Source Type: research

Reply to “Comment on “Re-examining premature mortality in anorexia nervosa: A meta-analysis redux” by Keshaviah et al. [Compr Psychiatry, 55 (2014) 1773–1784]”
We appreciate the constructive and collegial response from Drs. Nielsen and Mitchell, which serves to open an important dialogue not only about standardized mortality ratios (SMR) in anorexia nervosa (AN), but also about meta-analytic techniques. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 3, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kamryn T. Eddy, Aparna Keshaviah, Katherine Edkins, Elizabeth Hastings, Meera Krishna, Debra L. Franko, David B. Herzog, Jennifer J. Thomas, Helen B. Murray Source Type: research

Executive Function in Parents of Patients with Familial versus Sporadic Bipolar Disorder
Studies investigating the cognitive function of healthy relatives of patients with bipolar disorder are conflicting, and the neurocognitive profile of relatives of bipolar disorder probands is still unclear. We aimed to evaluate executive function in unaffected parents of familial and sporadic patients with bipolar disorder. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 3, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ferdi Kosger, Altan Essizoglu, Mehmet Baltacıoglu, Nuriye Ulkgun, Cinar Yenilmez Source Type: research

Subtyping schizophrenia: A comparison of positive/negative and system-specific approaches
Schizophrenia is a heterogeneous disorder. Over the years, different approaches have been proposed to approach this heterogeneity by categorising symptom patterns. The study aimed to compare positive/negative and system-specific approaches to subtyping. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 3, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: F.U. Lang, S. Walther, K. Stegmayer, H. Anderson-Schmidt, T.G. Schulze, T. Becker, M. Jäger Source Type: research

Effects of 72 Hours Total Sleep Deprivation on Male Astronauts’ Executive Functions and Emotion
To provide evidence for better understanding stressful situations, the present study was designed to investigate the specific physiological and psychological responses under stressful situations like social isolation and sleep deprivation. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 3, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Qing Liu Source Type: research

Is reflective functioning associated with clinical symptoms and long-term course in patients with personality disorders?
Mentalization is the capacity to understand behavior as the expression of various mental states and is assumed to be important in a range of psychopathologies, especially personality disorders (PDs). The first aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between mentalization capacity, operationalized as reflective functioning (RF), and clinical manifestations before entering study treatment. The second aim was to investigate the relationship between baseline RF and long-term clinical outcome both independent of treatment (predictor analyses) and dependent on treatment (moderator analyses). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 3, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bjørnar T. Antonsen, Merete S. Johansen, Frida G. Rø, Elfrida H. Kvarstein, Theresa Wilberg Source Type: research

Posttraumatic Stress and Emotion Dysregulation: Relationships with Smoking to Reduce Negative Affect and Barriers to Smoking Cessation
Many cigarette smokers have experienced a traumatic event, and elevated posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are associated with increased smoking levels. Previous research has found that elevated PTSS are associated with smoking to cope with negative affect, and it has been posited that perceptions of being unable to cope with the consequences of smoking cessation interfere with smoking cessation in this population. However, the mechanism of the relationship between PTSS and these smoking maintenance factors (i.e., smoking to reduce negative affect and barriers to cessation) has not been established. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 27, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nicole A. Short, Mary E. Oglesby, Amanda M. Raines, Michael J. Zvolensky, Norman B. Schmidt Source Type: research

A comparative study of the working memory multicomponent model in psychosis and healthy controls
Working memory deficits are considered nuclear deficits in psychotic disorders. However, research has not found a generalised impairment in all of the components of working memory. We aimed to assess the components of the Baddeley and Hitch working memory model: the temporary systems - the phonological loop, the visuospatial sketchpad and the episodic buffer (introduced later by Baddeley) - and the central executive system, which includes four executive functions: divided attention, updating, shifting and inhibition. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 27, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ana M. Sánchez-Torres, M. Rosa Elosúa, Ruth Lorente-Omeñaca, Lucía Moreno-Izco, Manuel J. Cuesta Source Type: research

Magical ideation associated social cognition in adolescents: Signs of a negative facial affect recognition deficit
Studies provide evidence for impaired social cognition in schizotypy and its association with negative symptoms. Cognitive features related to magical ideation -a component of the positive dimension of schizotypy- have been less investigated. We aimed to assess social cognitive functioning among adolescents with high magical ideation scores, mainly focusing on face and emotion recognition. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 27, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Derya Canli, Hatice Ozdemir, Orhan Murat Kocak Source Type: research

Proximal vs. distal predictors of alcohol use disorders and treatment utilization in at-risk men in early middle age
This study used measures of both proximal (e.g., behaviors) and distal (e.g., traits) risk factors that were predicted to relate to both an alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to treatment utilization among AUD-diagnosed men to test the hypothesis that both type of factors predict AUDs but only proximal factors influence treatment-seeking. Analyses of variance with contrasts were used to compare the means for risk factors between men with an AUD and AUD-free men and – given an AUD diagnosis – between men who were treated for an AUD and untreated men (n=181). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 27, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alan Feingold, Deborah M. Capaldi, Lee D. Owen Source Type: research

Panic symptoms and elevated suicidal ideation and behaviors among trauma exposed individuals: Moderating effects of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Panic attacks (PA) are highly prevalent among trauma exposed individuals and have been associated with a number of adverse outcomes. Despite high suicide rates among trauma exposed individuals, research to date has not examined the potential relation between panic symptoms andsuicidal ideation and behaviors among this high risk population. The current study tested the association of panic with suicidal ideation and behaviors among a large sample of trauma exposed smokers. Community participants (N = 421) who reported a lifetime history of trauma exposure were assessed concurrently for current panic, suicidal ideation and b...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 20, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brian J. Albanese, Aaron M. Norr, Daniel W. Capron, Michael J. Zvolensky, Norman B. Schmidt Source Type: research

Adult separation anxiety and unsettled infant behavior: Associations with adverse parenting during childhood and insecure adult attachment
This study examined the prevalence and correlates of Adult Separation Anxiety Disorder (ASAD) and Adult Separation Anxiety (ASA) symptoms in a sample of first-time mothers with an unsettled infant during the first postpartum year. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 13, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jane Kohlhoff, Bryanne Barnett, Valsamma Eapen Source Type: research

Association analysis of TPH-1 and TPH-2 genes with suicidal behavior in patients with attempted suicide in Mexican population
Suicidal behavior is a worldwide health problem. Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) is a rate limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of serotonergic neurotransmission. TPH-1 and TPH-2 genes encode for TPH isoforms and have been implicated as candidate genes for suicidal behavior. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the genetic variants of the TPH-1 (rs21102 and 1607395) and TPH-2 (rs4290270, rs7305115 and rs1007023) genes and suicidal behavior in a Mexican population. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 13, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: María Lilia López-Narváez, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Isela Juárez-Rojop, Sherezada Pool-García, Alma Genis, Jorge L. Ble-Castillo, Ana Fresán Source Type: research

Adult Separation Anxiety and unsettled infant behaviour: Associations with adverse parenting during childhood and insecure adult attachment
This study examined the prevalence and correlates of Adult Separation Anxiety Disorder (ASAD) and Adult Separation Anxiety symptoms (ASA) in a sample of first-time mothers with an unsettled infant during the first postpartum year. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 13, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jane Kohlhoff, Bryanne Barnett, Valsamma Eapen Source Type: research

Social network as predictor for onset of alcohol use disorder: A prospective cohort study
Social network has been linked to alcohol use disorder in several studies. However, since the majority of such findings are cross-sectional, causal interpretation is difficult. The aim of the present study was to test if social network characteristics predict alcohol use disorder in a prospective design. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 13, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stine Schou Mikkelsen, Janne S. Tolstrup, Ulrik Becker, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Trine Flensborg-Madsen Source Type: research

An epidemological study of obsessive compulsive disorder in adolescents from India
This study reports point prevalence of OCD among school students (age 12–18 years) in the Kerala state of India and examines its association with ADHD, psychological distress, tobacco/alcohol abuse, suicide risk and history of sexual abuse. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 12, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: T.S. Jaisoorya, Y.C. Janardhan Reddy, K. Thennarassu, K.V. Beena, M. Beena, Dalia C. Jose Source Type: research

Examining the levels of BDNF and cortisol in children and adolescent victims of sexual abuse—a preliminary study
Previous reports have suggested the biological and psychological effects of trauma induced by cortisol and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The present study compared the levels of BDNF, cortisol, and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in children and adolescent victims of sexual abuse to those without a trauma history. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 11, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Şeref Şimşek, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Cem Uysal, Rümeysa Alaca Source Type: research

Examing the Levels of BDNF and Cortisol in Children and Adolescent Victims of Sexual Abuse-A Preliminary Study
Previous reports have suggested the biological and psychological effects of trauma induced by cortisol and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The present study compared the levels of BDNF, cortisol, and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in children and adolescent victims of sexual abuse to those without a trauma history. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 11, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Şeref Şimşek, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Cem Uysal, Rümeysa Alaca Source Type: research

Prevalence of Suicide Attempts among Chinese adolescents: A Meta-analysis of Cross-sectional Studies
According to World Health Organization, for every committed suicide there were 20 suicide attempts at least. In the last decade, despite the increasing awareness on suicide attempts among adolescents in China, there has been no comprehensive system reporting vital statistics. Consequently, the prevalence of suicide attempts reported in some studies ranged variedly. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide the first meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies of suicide attempts to fill this gap. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 8, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jiande Hu, Yonghai Dong, Xiaodan Chen, Yun Liu, Dongyang Ma, Xiaoyun Liu, Ruizhi Zheng, Xiangqun Mao, Ting Chen, Wei He Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Temperament and character profiles of Japanese university student suicide completers” (Compr Psychiatry. 2013;54:556–561)
The authors regret the following corrections to the manuscript. The mean values of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) subscales in Tables 3 and 4 were incorrect. The corrected Tables 3 and 4 are presented below. However, this mistake does not affect any of the conclusions of the paper, as no statistical result changed. In addition, the words “ranging from 0 to 3” should be inserted after “the TCI with a 4-point scale” in 2.2 Measures of the Results section. The authors would like to apologize for any inconvenience caused. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 5, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nobuyuki Mitsui, Satoshi Asakura, Takeshi Inoue, Yusuke Shimizu, Yutaka Fujii, Yuki Kako, Teruaki Tanaka, Nobuki Kitagawa, Ichiro Kusumi Source Type: research

Examining criteria for trichotillomania in a dimensional framework: implications for and diagnostic practice
Diagnosis of trichotillomania (TTM) requires meeting several criteria that aim to embody the core pathology of the disorder. These criteria are traditionally interpreted monothetically, in that they are all equally necessary for diagnosis. Alternatively, a dimensional conceptualization of psychopathology allows for examination of the relatedness of each criterion to the TTM latent continuum. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David C. Houghton, Steve Balsis, Dan J. Stein, Scott N. Compton, Michael P. Twohig, Stephen M. Saunders, Martin E. Franklin, Angela M. Neal-Barnett, Douglas W. Woods Source Type: research

Examining DSM Criteria for Trichotillomania in a Dimensional Framework: Implications for DSM-5 and Diagnostic Practice
Diagnosis of Trichotillomania (TTM) requires meeting several criteria that aim to embody the core pathology of the disorder. These criteria are traditionally interpreted monothetically, in that they are all equally necessary for diagnosis. Alternatively, a dimensional conceptualization of psychopathology allows for examination of the relatedness of each criterion to the TTM latent continuum. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David C. Houghton, Steve Balsis, Dan J. Stein, Scott N. Compton, Michael P. Twohig, Stephen M. Saunders, Martin E. Franklin, Angela M. Neal-Barnett, Douglas W. Woods Source Type: research

The Effects of Aggression on Symptom Severity and Treatment Response in a Trial of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Panic Disorder
Previous research suggests that patients with panic disorder exhibit higher levels of aggression than patients with other anxiety disorders. This aggression is associated with more severe symptomatology and interpersonal problems. However, few studies have examined whether higher levels of aggression are associated with a worse treatment response in this population. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Clair Cassiello-Robbins, Laren R. Conklin, Ujunwa Anakwenze, Jack M. Gorman, Scott W. Woods, M. Katherine Shear, David H. Barlow Source Type: research

Effects of religiosity and spirituality on the treatment response in patients with depressive disorders
Few studies have investigated the roles of religiosity and spirituality in predicting treatment response among psychiatric patients with depressive disorders. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 24, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Na-Young Kim, Hyu-Jung Huh, Jeong-Ho Chae Source Type: research

The Role of Alexithymia in Quality of Life Impairment in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C During Antiviral Treatment
This study aimed to investigate the role of alexithymia in the quality of life of patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with antiviral therapy. A consecutive sample of 124 patients were evaluated at baseline, during, and 6 months after treatment with interferon and ribavirin. At baseline past mood disorders and alexithymia and, at each index visit, adverse events, psychological distress, and disease-specific quality of life were assessed with validated instruments. Patients with past mood disorders and alexithymia had impaired levels of quality of life, psychological distress, and treatment-related adverse events. (Sou...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 24, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Raffaele Cozzolongo, Piero Porcelli, Elsa Lanzilotta, Vito Giannuzzi, Gioacchino Leandro Source Type: research

Interaction effects in comorbid psychopathology
Comorbidity in psychopathology is the norm. Despite some initial evidence, few studies have examined if the presence of comorbid conditions change the expression of the pathology, either through increased severity of the syndrome(s) or by expanding to symptoms beyond the syndrome(s) (i.e., symptom overextension). The following report provides an illustration of interactive effects and overextension in comorbid pathology. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jared W. Keeley, Michael S. Chmielewski, R. Michael Bagby Source Type: research

Age at Onset of DSM-IV Pathological Gambling in a Non-Treatment Sample: Early- versus Later-Onset
In this study we assessed age at onset in men and women with PG and compared the demographic and clinical picture of early- vs. later-onset individuals. We also compared age at onset in PG subjects and their first-degree relatives with PG. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 20, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Donald W. Black, Martha Shaw, William Coryell, Raymond Crowe, Brett McCormick, Jeff Allen Source Type: research

Broad spectrum psychiatric comorbidity is associated with better executive functioning in an inpatient sample of individuals with schizophrenia
Individuals with schizophrenia exhibit cognitive deficits but whether these deficits are exacerbated by broad spectrum psychiatric comorbidity (i.e., comorbidity that is inclusive of disorders from different diagnostic categories) is unclear. A broad spectrum approach to psychiatric comorbidity is an ecologically valid way to capture the diagnostic heterogeneity inherent in psychiatric presentations. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 18, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Quincy J.J. Wong, Marta Miller Source Type: research

The Italian Version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21: Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties on Community and Clinical Samples
The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21) is the short version of a self-report measure that was originally developed to provide maximum differentiation between depressive and anxious symptoms. Despite encouraging evidence, the factor structure and other features of the DASS-21 are yet to be firmly established. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 15, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gioia Bottesi, Marta Ghisi, Gianmarco Altoè, Erica Conforti, Gabriele Melli, Claudio Sica Source Type: research

Low Self-Compassion in Patients with Bipolar Disorder
Emerging research suggests that low self-compassion may be linked to psychopathology and in particular depressive symptoms. To further elucidate this topic, the present study investigated self-compassion in patients with Bipolar Disorder (BD). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marianne Døssing Jensen, Kristine Kahr Nilsson, Stinna Rzepa Svejstrup, Vegard Venås Sørensen, Krista Nielsen Straarup, Tia B. Hansen Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity of the Korean Version of the Scale for the Assessment of Thought, Language, and Communication
Our study aimed to assess the inter-rater and test-retest reliability, as well as concurrent and convergent validity, of the Korean version of the Scale for the Assessment of Thought, Language, and Communication (TLC scale). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Seon-Cheol Park, Eun Young Jang, Kang Uk Lee, Kounseok Lee, Hwa-Young Lee, Joonho Choi Source Type: research

Unexpected subthreshold autism spectrum in a 25-year-old male stalker hospitalized for delusional disorder: a case report
This paper highlights the clinical challenges faced when assessing patients with stalking behaviors with psychotic disorders, suggesting the need for an accurate assessment of adult autism spectrum symptoms. A 25-year-old man with a diagnosis of delusional disorder, erotomanic type, was hospitalized for acute psychotic symptoms occurred in the framework of a repeated stalking behavior towards his ex girlfriend. When assessed for adult autism spectrum symptoms upon an accurate clinical evaluation, he reported elevated scores in the mentalizing deficit and social anxiety domains by means of the 14 item Ritvo Autism and Asper...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liliana Dell’Osso, Riccardo Dalle Luche, Corrado Cerliani, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Camilla Gesi, Claudia Carmassi Source Type: research

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