Metacognition moderates the relationship of disturbances in attachment with severity of borderline personality disorder among persons in treatment for substance use disorders
In this study we examined the hypothesis that metacognitive mastery, which is the ability to use knowledge about mental states of self and others to cope with distress and solve social problems moderates the relationship of anxious attachment style with the severity of Borderline personality disorder traits. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 15, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jared Outcalt, Giancarlo Dimaggio, Raffaele Popolo, Kelly Buck, Kelly A. Chaudoin-Patzoldt, Marina Kukla, Kyle L. Olesek, Paul H. Lysaker Source Type: research

Heroin Craving and Its Correlations With Clinical Outcome Indicators in People With Heroin Dependence Receiving Methadone Maintenance Treatment
This study aimed to examine the psychometrics of the Desire for Drug Questionnaire-Chinese Mandarin version (DDQ-CM) and its clinical utility of assessing craving for heroin measured among heroin users with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 12, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cheng-Fang Yen, Huang-Chi Lin, Peng-Wei Wang, Chih-Hung Ko, Kun-Hua Lee, Chih-Yao Hsu, Kuan-Sheng Chung, Hung-Chi Wu, Chung-Ping Cheng Source Type: research

Associations of symptoms, neurocognition, and metacognition with insight in schizophrenia spectrum disorders
Many persons with schizophrenia experience poor insight and, as a result, are at risk for treatment non-adherence and numerous negative outcomes. However, to date, the etiology of poor insight has not yet been fully elucidated. One recent theory concerning the roots of poor insight in schizophrenia has proposed that it may result, in part, from impairments in metacognition, or the capacity to think about thinking. The present study thus aims to examine whether metacognition is associated with insight even after controlling for the effects of psychiatric symptomatology and neurocognition. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kevin K.S. Chan Source Type: research

Dysfunctional understanding of mental states in personality disorders: What is the evidence?
Twenty-five years ago, Fonagy [1] first developed the idea that people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have difficulties in understanding other minds and in reflecting about their own mental lives. His considerations were extended to other personality disorders (PD) [2] and are now subject to a growing amount of empirical research. It now seems justified to argue that individuals with any PD have difficulties in diverse aspects of knowledge about mental states. Such difficulties may include the recognition of one’s own and others’ feelings, inferring their thoughts and intentions, problems in connect...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 8, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Giancarlo Dimaggio, Martin Brüne Source Type: research

Anomalous Self-Experiences and their Relationship with Symptoms, Neuro-cognition, and Functioning in At-Risk Adolescents and Young Adults
Empirical and theoretical studies support the notion that anomalous self-experience (ASE) may constitute a phenotypic aspect of vulnerability to schizophrenia, but there are no studies examining the relationship of ASE with other clinical risk factors in a sample of ultra-high risk (UHR) subjects. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between ASE, prodromal symptoms, neurocognition, and global functioning in a sample of 45 UHR adolescents and young adults (age range 15–25 years) at first contact with Public Mental Health Services. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anna Comparelli, Valentina Corigliano, Antonella De Carolis, Daniela Pucci, Massimiliano Angelone, Simone Di Pietro, Giorgio D. Kotzalidis, Laura Terzariol, Luigi Manni, Alberto Trisolini, Paolo Girardi Source Type: research

Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors in Heterosexual and Sexual Minority Young Adults
: Despite consistently greater rates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs; i.e., suicidal ideation, method/plan, and attempts) in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals, prevalence, characteristics, and relations between these dangerous thoughts and behaviors are equivocal. The present study sought to examine and compare the rates of NSSI and STBs in a large sample of sexual minority and majority young adults. In addition, this study is the first to our knowledge to examine how different NSSI characteristics (i.e., frequency, number of forms, and number of functions) relate to ...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aliona Tsypes, Robert Lane, Elise Paul, Janis Whitlock Source Type: research

Reactions of Oklahoma City Bombing Survivors to Media Coverage of the September 11, 2001, Attacks
This study explored the effects of media coverage of a terrorist incident in individuals remote from the location of a major attack who had directly experienced a prior terrorist incident. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Betty Pfefferbaum, Pascal Nitiéma, Rose L. Pfefferbaum, J. Brian Houston, Phebe Tucker, Haekyung Jeon-Slaughter, Carol S. North Source Type: research

The Effect of Community Stress and Problems on Psychopathology: A Structural Equation Modeling Study
This research aimed to estimate the effect of perceived social factors in the community stress and problems on the residents’ psychopathology such as depression and suicidal behaviors.Subjects of this study were the informants (N=1618) in a psychological autopsy (PA) study with a case-control design. We interviewed two informants (a family member and a close friend) for 392 suicides and 416 living controls, which came from 16 rural counties randomly selected from three provinces of China.Community stress and problems were measured by the WHO SUPRE-MISS scale. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Juncheng Lyu, Jie Zhang Source Type: research

Epidemiology of depression at Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital in Shanghai, China
Though Chinese Traditional Medicine (TCM) is one of the most important parts of health care system in China, studies on the epidemiology of depression in TCM are scarce and mental health issues in TCM have been neglected for longtime. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 17, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Han Liu, YanLing He, JingYi Wang, JuMing Miao, Hong Zheng, QingZhi Zeng Source Type: research

The effect of cigarette smoking on vitamin D level and depression in male patients with acute ischemic stroke
The association between low vitamin D levels and depression has been well-documented in non-stroke subjects. Accumulating evidence shows that low vitamin D levels may be also associated with depression post stroke. Cigarette smoking was associated with lower vitamin D levels. The purposes of this study were to compare vitamin D levels in smokers to nonsmokers and examine the association between vitamin D levels and depression symptoms in patients with acute ischemic stroke. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 17, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wenwei Ren, Yingying Gu, Lin Zhu, Liping Wang, Yaling Chang, Mengjiao Yan, Bin Han, Jincai He Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the DY-BOCS in a Turkish sample of children and adolescents
Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DY-BOCS) is a promising scale for assessing frequency and severity of symptom dimensions. The main objective of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the DYBOCS in a large sample of children and adolescents from Turkey. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 17, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ayşegül Selcen Güler, Maria Conceição do Rosário, Ayşe Burcu Ayaz, Sebla Gökçe, Yasemin Yulaf, Senem Başgül, Özlem Özcan, Koray Karabekiroğlu, Kerim Munir, Lütfullah Beşiroğlu, Yankı Yazgan Source Type: research

Illness perception in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus patients: The roles of alexithymia and depression
Alexithymia and depressive mood have been described as important dimensions of several medical diseases. Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic condition characterized by unpredictable clinical manifestations. The relationships between alexithymia, depression, and illness perception were examined in systemic lupus erythematosus patients. The interrelationships between psychological factors, such as alexithymia and depressive mood, were explored in systemic lupus erythematosus patients, and associations between these factors and illness perception in SLE were examined. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chiara Barbasio, Roberta Vagelli, Davide Marengo, Francesca Querci, Michele Settanni, Chiara Tani, Marta Mosca, Antonella Granieri Source Type: research

Gray matter volume abnormalities were associated with sustained attention in unmedicated major depression
Impaired sustained attention seems to be a core feature of depression while the anatomical alteration of brain was widely reported in depression patients. The authors aimed to identify the relationship between anatomical brain changes and sustained attention deficits in unmedicated patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 8, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Xiao Yang, Xiaojuan Ma, Bin Huang, Guizhi Sun, Liansheng Zhao, Dongtao Lin, Wei Deng, Tao Li, Xiaohong Ma Source Type: research

The role of emotion regulation strategies and dissociation in non-suicidal self-injury for women with borderline personality disorder and comorbid eating disorder
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of two well-defined emotion regulation strategies (i.e. expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal) and dissociation with NSSI. The participants were sixty-eight women diagnosed with BPD and comorbid ED. A cross-sectional research design was used, and clinical interviews and self-report questionnaires were administered to collect data. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 7, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: María V. Navarro-Haro, Inga Wessman, Cristina Botella, Azucena García-Palacios Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Haitian Creole version of the Resilience Scale with a sample of adult survivors of the 2010 earthquake
Resilience is defined as the ability of people to cope with disasters and significant life adversities. The present paper aims to investigate the underlying structure of the creole version of the Resilience Scale and its psychometric properties using a sample of adult survivors of the 2010 earthquake. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 7, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jude Mary Cénat, Daniel Derivois, Martine Hébert, Patricia Eid, Yoram Mouchenik Source Type: research

The 6-item Kessler psychological distress scale to survey serious mental illness among Chinese undergraduates: psychometric properties and prevalence estimate
To evaluate the psychometric properties of the 6-item Kessler psychological distress scale (K6) in screening for serious mental illness(SMI) among undergraduates in a major comprehensive university in China. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 5, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yu-kun Kang, Wan-jun Guo, Hao Xu, Yue-hui Chen, Xiao-jing Li, Zheng-ping Tan, Na Li, Ze-ren Gesang, Ying-mei Wang, Chang-bo Liu, Ying Luo, Jia Feng, Qiu-jie Xu, Sing Lee, Tao Li Source Type: research

Racial Disparities during Admission to an Academic Psychiatric Hospital in a Large Urban Area
The existence of mental health disparities has been confirmed in multiple studies in which African Americans are less likely than non-Hispanic whites to receive needed mental health services. Research has consistently shown that African Americans are under-represented in outpatient mental health treatment settings and are over-represented in inpatient psychiatric settings. Further, African Americans are more likely to receive a diagnosis of schizophrenia and are less likely receive an affective disorder diagnosis during inpatient psychiatric hospitalization compared to non-Hispanic white patients, pointing to a need for ex...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 3, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jane E. Hamilton, Angela M. Heads, Raymond Y. Cho, Scott Lane, Jair C. Soares Source Type: research

Does the interpersonal model apply across eating disorder diagnostic groups? A structural equation modeling approach
The goal of this study was to investigate the validity of the interpersonal model across eating disorder (ED) diagnoses: anorexia nervosa (restricting type; ANR and binge-eating/purge type; ANBP), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS). Data from a cross-sectional sample of 1,459 treatment-seeking women diagnosed with ANR, ANBP, BN, BED and EDNOS were examined for indirect effects of interpersonal problems on ED psychopathology mediated through negative affect. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 31, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Iryna V. Ivanova, Giorgio A. Tasca, Geneviève Proulx, Hany Bissada Source Type: research

Demoralisation syndrome does not explain the psychological profile of community-based asylum-seekers
Demoralisation syndrome (DS) has been advanced as a construct that features hopelessness, meaninglessness, and existential distress. Demoralisation and DS have predominantly been considered secondary only to illness; hence there is scant research on demoralisation or DS in populations affected by extreme environmental stress. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Debbie Hocking, Suresh Sundram Source Type: research

Demoralisation syndrome does not explain the psychological profile of community-based asylum- seekers
Demoralisation syndrome (DS) has been advanced as a construct that features hopelessness, meaninglessness, and existential distress. Demoralisation and DS have predominantly been considered secondary only to illness; hence there is scant research on demoralisation or DS in populations affected by extreme environmental stress. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Debbie Hocking, Suresh Sundram Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Temperament and character profiles of Japanese university students with depressive episodes and ideas of suicide or self-harm: a PHQ-9 screening study” [Compr Psychiatry 54 (2013) 1215–1221].
The authors regret the following corrections to the manuscript. The mean values of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) subscales in Table 2 were incorrect. The corrected Table 2 is presented below. However, this mistake does not affect any of the conclusions of the paper, as no statistical result changed. In addition, the words “ranging from 0 to 3” should be inserted after “the TCI with a 4-point scale” in 2.2.2 TCI of the Methods section. The authors would like to apologize for any inconvenience caused. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 19, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nobuyuki Mitsui, Satoshi Asakura, Yusuke Shimizu, Yutaka Fujii, Yuki Kako, Teruaki Tanaka, Koji Oba, Takeshi Inoue, Ichiro Kusumi Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Defining clinical severity in adults with obsessive–compulsive disorder
The Yale–Brown Obsessive–Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) is the most commonly used instrument to assess the clinical severity of obsessive–compulsive symptoms. Treatment determinations are often based on Y-BOCS score thresholds. However, these benchmarks are not empirically based, which may result in non-evidence based treatment decisions. Accordingly, the present study sought to derive empirically-based benchmarks for defining obsessive–compulsive symptom severity. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric A. Storch, Alessandro S. De Nadai, Maria Conceição do Rosário, Roseli G. Shavitt, Albina R. Torres, Ygor A. Ferrão, Euripedes C. Miguel, Adam B. Lewin, Leonardo F. Fontenelle Source Type: research

Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and Smoking Among World Trade Center Disaster Responders: A Longitudinal Investigation
The current longitudinal study examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity in relation to smoking abstinence and reduction over time among responders to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Michael J. Zvolensky, Samantha G. Farris, Roman Kotov, Clyde B. Schechter, Evelyn Bromet, Adam Gonzalez, Anka Vujanovic, Robert H. Pietrzak, Michael Crane, Julia Kaplan, Jacqueline Moline, Steven M. Southwick, Adriana Feder, Iris Udasin, Dori B. Reissman, Source Type: research

Defining Clinical Severity in Adults with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
The Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) is the most commonly used instrument to assess the clinical severity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Treatment determinations are often based on Y-BOCS score thresholds. However, these benchmarks are not empirically based, which may result in non-evidence based treatment decisions. Accordingly, the present study sought to derive empirically-based benchmarks for defining obsessive-compulsive symptom severity. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric A. Storch, Alessandro S. De Nadai, Maria Conceição do Rosário, Roseli G. Shavitt, Albina R. Torres, Ygor A. Ferrão, Euripedes C. Miguel, Adam B. Lewin, Leonardo F. Fontenelle Source Type: research

Mindfulness moderates the relationship between aggression and Antisocial Personality Disorder traits: Preliminary investigation with an offender sample
Poor mentalizating has been described as a characteristic of Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD), along with the well-established role of aggressiveness. In the current study, we tested this hypothesis focusing on a specific aspect of mentalization (i.e., mindfulness). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 11, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Patrizia Velotti, Carlo Garofalo, Mario D’Aguanno, Chiara Petrocchi, Raffaele Popolo, Giampaolo Salvatore, Giancarlo Dimaggio Source Type: research

Pathways from conflict-related trauma and ongoing adversity to posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms amongst West Papuan refugees: the mediating role of anxiety and panic-like symptoms
Although the relationship involving exposure to traumatic events (TEs), conditions of adversity, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is well established in the refugee field, the psychological factors mediating the relevant pathways are not as clearly delineated. In the present path analysis, we examined a model in which anxiety and panic-like symptoms mediated the path between conflict-related TEs, ongoing adversity, and PTS symptoms amongst 230 refugees from West Papua. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 11, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alvin Kuowei Tay, Susan Rees, Jack Chen, Moses Kareth, Derrick Silove Source Type: research

Mentalization of complex emotions in Borderline Personality Disorder: The impact of parenting and exposure to trauma on the performance in a novel cartoon-based task
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is characterized by a range of interpersonal difficulties, which are, in part, related to adverse experiences during childhood. Unresponsive parenting and traumatization may cause functional impairment of mentalization, i.e. the ability to reflect upon own and others’ mental states. However, the relationship of poor parenting, trauma and mentalization in BPD has not exhaustively been studied.Thirty patients diagnosed with BPD and 30 matched control subjects were asked to sequence a novel cartoon-based mentalization task involving complex emotions such as jealousy, shame, guilt et...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 7, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Martin Brüne, Sarah Walden, Marc-Andreas Edel, Giancarlo Dimaggio Source Type: research

Awareness of Treatment Needs and Length of Stay Amongst Psychiatric Inpatients
Inpatient psychiatric units experience significant pressure from third party payers to keep length of stay (LOS) to a minimum despite having to treat more severely ill patients. However, there is a paucity of empiric data for guiding treatment decisions that maximize therapeutic outcome while minimizing LOS. We therefore endeavored to begin utilizing a newly created psychometric instrument, that assesses patient psychological factors, which we propose will allow for LOS prediction and individualization of therapeutic outcome. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: James L. Megna, Alka Aneja, Marie Sauro, Naseer Ahmad, Mihai Simionescu, Georgian Mustata, Mariela Herrera Rojas, Michael Wade Source Type: research

Psychiatric Disorders in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis
The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of psychiatric disorders, particularly mood disorders and anxiety in an outpatient sample of patients with multiple sclerosis in Brazil, and correlate with sociodemographic and clinical data. Methods: Cross-sectional study, patients evaluated consecutively, for the clinical, demographic, prevalence of psychiatric disorders was used structured interview (MINI), severity of symptoms of depression and anxiety was used Beck inventory. Results: The prevalence of major depression lifelong was 36.6% in this population, as well as the risk of suicide. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 5, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ana Claudia de Cerqueira, Patricia Semionato de Andrade, Jose Maurício Godoy Barreiros, Antonio Lúcio Teixeira, Antonio Egídio Nardi Source Type: research

Onset polarity and illness course in bipolar I and II disorders: The predictive role of broadly defined mixed states
Several studies investigating bipolar disorders have shown that polarity of onset can predict differences in symptomatology, course, and prognosis. Frequently, however, research on the topic has examined only bipolar I inpatients and has not included patients with mixed onset. The aim of the present naturalistic study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and illness course of a consecutive sample (407 outpatients, 58.7% with bipolar I (BD-I) and 41.3% with bipolar II (BD-II) disorder) according to polarity of onset: depressive (DP-o); manic/hypomanic (HM-o); or mixed--broadly defined to include agitated depression ...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Antonio Tundo, Laura Musetti, Alessandra Benedetti, Benedetta Berti, Gabriele Massimetti, Liliana Dell'Osso Source Type: research

Psychometric validation of the consensus five-factor model of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale
The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) is widely used for clinical assessment of symptoms in schizophrenia. Instead of the traditional pyramidal model, recent literature supports the pentagonal model for the dimensionality of the PANSS. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ted C.T. Fong, Rainbow T.H. Ho, Adrian H.Y. Wan, Pantha Joey C.Y. Siu, Friendly S.W. Au-Yeung Source Type: research

Psychiatric symptoms in ankylosing spondylitis: their relationship with disease activity, functional capacity, pain and fatigue
The aim of this study is to evaluate psychiatric symptoms in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and to investigate the relationship of the disease activity, functional capacity, pain, and fatigue with psychiatric symptoms. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dilek Durmus, Gökhan Sarisoy, Gamze Alayli, Hakan Kesmen, Eda Çetin, Ayhan Bilgici, Omer Kuru, Mustafa Ünal Source Type: research

Test of the Stress Sensitization Model in Adolescents Following the Pipeline Explosion
This study examined the effect of stress sensitization on development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in Chinese adolescents who experienced the pipeline explosion. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Di Shao, Qing-Ling Gao, Jie Li, Jiao-Mei Xue, Wei Guo, Zhou-Ting Long, Feng-Lin Cao Source Type: research

The physician’s quality of life: relationship with ego defense mechanisms and object relations
To assess whether ego defense mechanisms and object relations (the way an individual subjectively experiences his/her relationships with others) are related to quality of life among physicians. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 24, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Benedito Miranda, Mário Rodrigues Louzã Source Type: research

Discrepancies between clinical needs and helpseeking behaviors in co-occurring posttraumatic stress and alcohol use disorders
The aim of the study was to compare subjects dually diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) to those with only one or none of these conditions regarding helpseeking needs and behaviors. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mario Müller, Stephanie Rodgers, Wulf Rössler, Enrique Castelao, Martin Preisig, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Caroline Vandeleur Source Type: research

Characterizing Emotional Dysfunction in Borderline Personality, Major Depression, and their Co-occurrence
This research aimed to characterize patterns of emotional reactivity and dysregulation in borderline personality, depression, and their co-occurrence. In Study 1, 488 young adult women from the community were categorized into four groups based on self-reported major depressive disorder (MDD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms (Low BPD/Low MDD; Low BPD/High MDD; High BPD/Low MDD; High BPD/High MDD). Immediate and prolonged subjective emotional reactivity to a laboratory stressor were assessed, and participants completed self-report and behavioral measures of emotion dysregulation. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katherine L. Dixon-Gordon, Nicole H. Weiss, Matthew T. Tull, David DiLillo, Terri Messman-Moore, Kim L. Gratz Source Type: research

Anhedonia in Schizophrenia: the role of Subjective Experiences
High levels of anhedonia have been found in patients with schizophrenia; specifically they report higher levels of social anhedonia rather than physical anhedonia, and further, in the anticipatory rather than consummatory facets of pleasure. Nonetheless, contrasting results emerged regarding the underlying mechanisms of this deficit. Basic Symptoms (BS) disturb subjective experiences present for most of the illness’ course, this impacts patients’ daily lives leading to a loss of the ability to organize the experience of the self and the world in a fluid and automatic way. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 21, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Renata Fortunati, Paolo Ossola, Annalisa Camerlengo, Elena Bettini, Chiara De Panfilis, Matteo Tonna, Carlo Maggini, Carlo Marchesi Source Type: research

First empirical evaluation of the link between attachment, social cognition and borderline features in adolescents
In this study, we used a multiple mediational approach to examine the cross-sectional interplay between attachment, social cognition (in particular hypermentalizing), emotion dysregulation, and borderline features in adolescence, controlling for internalizing and externalizing symptoms. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 20, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Carla Sharp, Amanda Venta, Salome Vanwoerden, Andrew Schramm, Carolyn Ha, Elizabeth Newlin, Radhika Reddy, Peter Fonagy Source Type: research

The HCR-20 as a measure of reliable and clinically significant change in violence risk among secure psychiatric inpatients
Periodic structured violence risk assessment is the principle method underlying treatment planning for mentally disordered offenders but little is known about how risk changes over time. We aimed to determine whether hospitalised patients underwent reliable clinical change in assessed risk. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 20, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laura E. O’Shea, Geoffrey L. Dickens Source Type: research

Chewing and spitting out food as a compensatory behavior in patients with eating disorders
Recent studies suggest that chewing and spitting out food may be associated with severe eating-related pathology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between chewing and spitting, and other symptoms of eating disorders. We hypothesized that patients who chew and spit as a compensatory behavior have more severe eating-related pathology than patients who have never engaged in chewing and spitting behavior. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 20, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Youn Joo Song, Jung-Hyun Lee, Young-Chul Jung Source Type: research

Sensory Phenomena Related to Tics, Obsessive-compulsive Symptoms, and Global Functioning in Tourette Syndrome
Sensory phenomena, including premonitory urges, are experienced by patients with Tourette syndrome (TS) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The goal of the present study was to investigate such phenomena related to tics, obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS), and global functioning in Japanese patients with TS. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 17, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yukiko Kano, Natsumi Matsuda, Maiko Nonaka, Miyuki Fujio, Hitoshi Kuwabara, Toshiaki Kono Source Type: research

Family Histories of Anxiety in Overweight Men and Women with Binge Eating Disorder: A Preliminary Investigation
A preliminary examination of the significance of family histories of anxiety in the expression of binge eating disorder (BED) and associated functioning. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 17, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kerstin K. Blomquist, Carlos M. Grilo Source Type: research

Suicidal risk among patients enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment: HCV status and implications for suicide prevention (ANRS Methaville)
Suicide is a critical issue among opioid users. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between HCV status and suicidal risk in patients receiving methadone treatment. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laurent Michel, Caroline Lions, Gwenaelle Maradan, Marion Mora, Fabienne Marcellin, Alain Morel, Bruno Spire, Perrine Roux, Patrizia M. Carrieri, the Methaville study group Source Type: research

Gender differences in cognitive deficits in schizophrenia with and without diabetes
This study investigated gender differences in cognition in schizophrenia with and without diabetes. Cognition was assessed in 263 individuals with schizophrenia with age range (40-68): 67 males and 34 females with schizophrenia with diabetes; and 125 males and 37 females with schizophrenia without diabetes according to the repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status (RBANS). Fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and lipid levels were measured. Results showed that male individuals performed worse on most cognitive tasks, especially attention, in schizophrenia with than without diabetes. (Source: Com...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 13, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bao Hua Zhang, Mei Han, Xiang Yang Zhang, Li Hui, Shu Rong Jiang, Fu De Yang, Yun Long Tan, Zhi Ren Wang, Juan Li, Xu Feng Huang Source Type: research

Gender differences in risk factors for transition from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer’s disease: A CREDOS study
: Women are subject to a disproportionate burden from Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and sex differences exist in treatment response and prognosis of the disease. Yet gender-specific risk factors have not been widely studied. We aimed to investigate gender-specific risk factors for AD in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sangha Kim, Min Ji Kim, Seonwoo Kim, Hyo Shin Kang, Shin Won Lim, Woojae Myung, Yunhwan Lee, Chang Hyung Hong, Seong Hye Choi, Duk L. Na, Sang Won Seo, Bon D. Ku, Seong Yoon Kim, Sang Yun Kim, Jee Hyang Jeong, Sun Ah. Park, Bernard J. Carroll, Doh Kwan Ki Source Type: research

Factor structure of the French version of the Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) in non-clinical young adults
Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) is a self-report questionnaire designed to identify vulnerable individuals at high risk of bipolar disorders in non-clinical samples. Our aim was to identify the factorial structure of HPS in a French non-clinical sample and to compare this with different factor solutions described in the literature. We carried out a survey in a French population using a French version of HPS. A total of 698 participants were included in the study. They completed the HPS, the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief (SPQ-B), the Positive And Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), and the Beck Depression Inve...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 8, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sarah Terrien, Nicolas Stefaniak, Yannick Morvan, Chrystel Besche-Richard Source Type: research

Borderline personality disorder: Prevalence and psychiatric comorbidity among male offenders on probation in Sweden
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severely disabling condition, associated with substantially increased risk of deliberate self-harm and, particularly in men, also with interpersonal violence and other criminal behavior. Although BPD might be common among prison inmates, little is known about prevalence and psychiatric comorbidity in probationers and parolees. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 26, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dan Wetterborg, Niklas Långström, Gerhard Andersson, Pia Enebrink Source Type: research

Development and validation of the Self-Stigma Questionnaire (SSQ) for people with schizophrenia and its relation to social functioning
Self-stigma specifically in people with schizophrenia has been little studied. The aims of the present study were to validate a new instrument for the assessment of self-stigma (SSQ) and to assess the relationship between self-stigma and social functioning in people with schizophrenia. A sample of 76 people with schizophrenia was assessed at two moments in time with the SSQ, the PDD (stigma), two scales of social functioning (LSP, SFS), and a scale of general functioning (GAF). The results indicated that SSQ presented good psychometric properties, with Cronbach’s alpha ranging between 0.75 and 0.901. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Susana Ochoa, Francisco Martínez-Zambrano, Mar Garcia-Franco, Sonia Vilamala, Maria Ribas, Oti Arenas, Esther Garcia-Morales, Irene Álvarez, Gemma Escartin, Raul Villellas, Maria Jose Escandell, Mónica Martínez-Raves, Elisabeth López-Arias, Christian Source Type: research

Allergic Diseases, Excessive Internet Use and Suicidal Ideation in Korean Adolescents
The aim of this study is to evaluate the relation between suicidal ideation, allergic diseases, and excessive Internet use in Korean youth using a national representative dataset. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dongyun Lee, Ji-Yeong Seo, Cheol-Soon Lee, Chul-Soo Park, Bong-Jo Kim, BoSeok Cha, So-Jin Lee Source Type: research

The role of Alexithymia in predicting Incident Depression in patients at first Acute Coronary Syndrome
Alexithymia has been considered both to predispose to depression and to worsen cardiac prognosis after an acute coronary syndrome. Nonetheless, no studies have evaluated its role as a risk factor for incident depression, in patients with acute coronary syndrome. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Carlo Marchesi, Paolo Ossola, Francesca Scagnelli, Lorenzo Mellini, Matteo Tonna, Diego Ardissino, Chiara De Panfilis Source Type: research