Psychosocial assessment of living kidney donors: What implications have temperament and character for decision-making?
We compared the personality of kidney donor candidates to non-donor controls and analysed the personality profile of candidates psychosocially at risk. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rupert Conrad, Alexandra Kleiman, Stefanie Rambau, Ingo Wegener, Martin Mücke, Ramona Christina Dolscheid-Pommerich, Berndt Zur, Franziska Geiser Source Type: research

Can the retinal ganglion cell layer (GCL) volume be a new marker to detect neurodegeneration in bipolar disorder?
The aim of this study was to compare the ganglion cell layer (GCL) volume and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in bipolar patients and controls using optic coherence tomography to demonstrate neurodegeneration in bipolar disorder. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aysun Kalenderoglu, Ayse Sevgı-Karada, Mustafa Celık, Oguzhan Bekir Egılmez, Behice Han-Almıs, Murat Eren Ozen Source Type: research

The SNP rs1625579 in miR-137 gene and risk of schizophrenia in Chinese population: a meta-analysis
Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric disorder with a high heritability. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1625579 (G/T; T is the common and presumed risk allele) within an intron of miR-137 gene has been recently suggested to contribute to the susceptibility to schizophrenia by a large-scale genome-wide association study (GWAS) in a sample of predominantly European ancestry. However, subsequent genetic association studies in Chinese population yielded inconsistent results. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ping Zhang, Yi Bian, Na Liu, Yingxin Tang, Chao Pan, Yang Hu, Zhouping Tang Source Type: research

Assessing the reliability of the Five Minute Speech Sample against the Camberwell Family Interview in a Chronic Fatigue Syndrome sample
The current study aimed to examine the reliability of the Five Minute Speech Sample (FMSS) for assessing relative Expressed Emotion (EE) compared with the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) in a sample of relatives of adult patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rebecca Band, Ella Chadwick, Hannah Hickman, Christine Barrowclough, Alison Wearden Source Type: research

Suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, and occupations among employed adults aged 18–64years in the United States
This study was to determine whether and how 12-month suicidal ideation and suicide attempt were associated with specific occupations among currently employed adults aged 18–64 in the U.S. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Beth Han, Alex E. Crosby, LaVonne A.G. Ortega, Sharyn E. Parks, Wilson M. Compton, Joseph Gfroerer Source Type: research

Suicidal Ideation, Suicide Attempt, and Occupations among Employed Adults Aged 18-64 years in the United States
This study was to determine whether and how 12-month suicidal ideation and suicide attempt were associated with specific occupations among currently employed adults aged 18-64 in the U.S. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Beth Han, Alex E. Crosby, LaVonne A.G. Ortega, Sharyn E. Parks, Wilson M. Compton, Joseph Gfroerer Source Type: research

Validation of the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale (BADS) – psychometric properties of the long and short form
With the development of the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale (BADS) by Kanter, Malick, Busch, Berlin, and Martell Kanter et al. (2007) , different behavioral aspects of depression like activation, rumination or avoidance, and functional impairment can be measured. The long and the short version of the BADS, however, show differences in the quality of psychometric properties. We wanted to validate the short and long form of the BADS. We therefore evaluated the factor structure, the psychometric properties, and the construct validity of the long version and the subscales in a clinically depressed German sample (n =...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 9, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kristina Fuhr, Martin Hautzinger, Katharina Krisch, Matthias Berking, David Daniel Ebert Source Type: research

Neurocognitive improvements after best-practice intervention for chronic fatigue syndrome: Preliminary evidence of divergence between objective indices and subjective perceptions
Neurocognitive difficulties are commonly reported by patients suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Moderate improvements from ‘best practice’ therapy are promising, but to date reported efficacy is based entirely on subjective measures. This is problematic, given the well-documented divergence between subjective perceptions and actual neurocognitive performance, including in this patient group. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 9, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Erin Cvejic, Andrew R. Lloyd, Uté Vollmer-Conna Source Type: research

Body Focused Repetitive Behavior Disorders: Significance of Family History
The significance of family history in body-focused repetitive behavior disorders (BFRBs) (i.e. trichotillomania and skin picking) has received scant research attention. We sought to understand the clinical and cognitive impact of having a first-degree relative with a BFRB or a substance use disorder (SUD). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sarah A. Redden, Eric W. Leppink, Jon E. Grant Source Type: research

Validity and reliability assessment of the Brazilian version of the game addiction scale (GAS)
This study assessed the convergent validity and reliability of the GAS according to measures of internal consistency and test–retest stability. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Igor Lins Lemos, Adriana Cardoso, Everton Botelho Sougey Source Type: research

Assessing self-reported clinical high risk symptoms in community-derived adolescents: A psychometric evaluation of the prodromal questionnaire-brief
The reliable early identification of individuals at risk for psychosis requires well-validated screening measures. To date, there is little information about the psychometric properties of the screening measures for psychosis risk in nonclinical adolescents. The main purpose of the present study was to validate the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief (PQ-B) in a community sample of non-clinical Spanish adolescents. We also analyzed the prevalence, factorial validity, and reliability of the PQ-B scores as well as the relationship between self-reported clinical high risk symptoms and schizotypal traits. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Diane C. Gooding, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Mercedes Paino Source Type: research

Perceptions of social dominance through facial emotion expressions in euthymic patients with bipolar I disorder
The ability to accurately perceive dominance in the social hierarchy is important for successful social interactions. However, little is known about dominance perception of emotional stimuli in bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to investigate the perception of social dominance in patients with bipolar I disorder in response to six facial emotional expressions. Participants included 35 euthymic patients and 45 healthy controls. Bipolar patients showed a lower perception of social dominance based on anger, disgust, fear, and neutral facial emotional expressions compared to healthy controls. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sung Hwa Kim, Vin Ryu, Ra Yeon Ha, Su Jin Lee, Hyun-Sang Cho Source Type: research

Clinical Correlates of Sustained Response to Individual Drugs Used in Naturalistic Treatment of Patients with Bipolar Disorder
To report use and treatment success rates of medications for bipolar disorder as a function of patients’ clinical characteristics. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 25, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Robert M. Post, Gabriele S. Leverich, Ralph Kupka, Paul E. Keck, Susan L. McElroy, Lori L. Altshuler, Mark A. Frye, Michael Rowe, Heinz Grunze, Trisha Suppes, Willem A. Nolen Source Type: research

Relapses and recurrences of catatonia: 30-case analysis and literature review
Relieving catatonia helps identify the underlying etiology and its treatment. However, catatonia may reemerge after some time, but there are few data on the relapses and recurrences of catatonia. We aimed to investigate the characteristics of patients with relapses or recurrences of catatonia as well as the efficacy of the lorazepam-diazepam protocol on them. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 23, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chin-Chuen Lin, Yi-Yung Hung, Meng-Chang Tsai, Tiao-Lai Huang Source Type: research

Adult separation anxiety in treatment nonresponders with anxiety disorders: Delineation of the syndrome and exploration of attachment-based psychotherapy and biomarkers
Clinically significant Separation Anxiety [SA] has been identified as being common among patients who do not respond to psychiatric interventions, regardless of intervention type (pharmacological or psychotherapeutic), across anxiety and mood disorders. An attachment formation and maintenance domain has been proposed as contributing to anxiety disorders. We therefore directly determined prevalence of SA in a population of adult treatment non-responders suffering from primary anxiety. In these separation anxious nonresponders, we pilot-tested an SA-focused, attachment-based psychotherapy for anxiety, Panic-Focused Psychodyn...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 22, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Barbara Milrod, Margaret Altemus, Charles Gross, Fredric Busch, Gabrielle Silver, Paul Christos, Joshua Steiber, Franklin Schneier, Barbara Milrod Source Type: research

Associations between Negative Affect and Binge/Purge Behaviors in Women with Anorexia Nervosa: Considering the Role of Negative Urgency
Evidence implicates negative affect in the occurrence of binge/purge behaviors, although the extent to which theoretically relevant individual difference variables may impact this association remains unclear. Negative urgency, the dispositional tendency to engage in rash action when experiencing negative affect, is a unique facet of impulsivity that may play a key role. Moreover, it was hypothesized that women with anorexia nervosa (AN) who are higher on measures of negative urgency, relative to those lower on negative urgency, would exhibit: 1) greater binge eating and purging frequencies on high negative affect days, and...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 22, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kristen M. Culbert, Jason M. Lavender, Ross D. Crosby, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Scott G. Engel, Carol B. Peterson, James E. Mitchell, Scott J. Crow, Daniel Le Grange, Li Cao, Sarah Fischer Source Type: research

The effect of suicide attempts on suicide ideation by family members in fast developed country, Korea
Suicide is a leading cause of death globally and is one of the most exigent health problems, especially in Korea. Individuals think about suicide first before they attempt and possibly complete suicide. If attempted or completed suicide affects suicidal ideation by family members or close individuals, suicide could spread like an infectious disease. We hypothesized that a suicide attempt by a family member could affect suicidal ideation. We analyzed the association between suicidal ideation and previous suicide attempts by family members. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sung-In Jang, Hong-Chul Bae, Jaeyong Shin, Suk-yong Jang, Seri Hong, Kyu-Tae Han, Eun-Cheol Park Source Type: research

Predictors of dental anxiety in Brazilian 5–7years old children
The aim of this study was to analyze the predictors of dental anxiety in 5 to 7-year-old children in a two years follow-up. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fernanda Cunha Soares, Rodrigo Antunes Lima, Carolina da Franca Bandeira Ferreira Santos, Mauro Virgílio Gomes de Barros, Viviane Colares Source Type: research

Further psychometric properties of the Yale–Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale — Second Edition
The Yale–Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) is a widely used clinician-rated measure for assessing obsessive–compulsive symptoms. Although numerous studies have supported its reliability and validity, improved phenomenological understanding of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) suggests the need for modifications to item content, structure, and scoring. Consequently, the Yale–Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale — Second Edition (Y-BOCS-II) was developed. While the Y-BOCS-II shows initial promise, minimal data exist in examining the psychometric properties of the Y-BOCS-II English version....
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Monica S. Wu, Joseph F. McGuire, Betty Horng, Eric A. Storch Source Type: research

Executive Function in Fibromyalgia: Comparing Subjective and Objective Measures
There is evidence to suggest the existence of an executive dysfunction in people diagnosed with fibromyalgia, although there are certain inconsistencies between studies. Here, we aim to compare executive performance between patients with fibromyalgia and a control group by using subjective and objective cognitive tests, analysing the influence of patient mood on the results obtained, and studying associations between the two measures. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Olga Gelonch, Maite Garolera, Joan Valls, Lluís Rosselló, Josep Pifarré Source Type: research

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio predicting suicide risk in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder: Moderatory effect of family history
Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been independently related to bipolar disorder (BD) and factors associated with suicidal risk. The aim of our study was to explore the relationship between NLR and suicide risk in euthymic BD patients. We also sought to propose a model of interaction between NLR and stress–diathesis factors, leading to suicidal risk in BD. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maja Ivković, Maja Pantović-Stefanović, Bojana Dunjić-Kostić, Vladimir Jurišić, Maja Lačković, Sanja Totić-Poznanović, Aleksandar A. Jovanović, Aleksandar Damjanović Source Type: research

Further Psychometric Properties of the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale – Second Edition
The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) is a widely used clinician-rated measure for assessing obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Although numerous studies have supported its reliability and validity, improved phenomenological understanding of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) suggests the need for modifications to item content, structure, and scoring. Consequently, the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale – Second Edition (Y-BOCS-II) was developed. While the Y-BOCS-II shows initial promise, minimal data exist in examining the psychometric properties of the Y-BOCS-II English version. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Monica S. Wu, Joseph F. McGuire, Betty Horng, Eric A. Storch Source Type: research

Predictors of dental anxiety in Brazilian 5 -7 years old children
The aim of this study was analyze the predictors of dental anxiety in 5 to 7-years-old children in a two years follow-up. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fernanda Cunha Soares, Rodrigo Antunes Lima, Carolina da Franca Bandeira Ferreira Santos, Mauro Virgílio Gomes de Barros, Viviane Colares Source Type: research

At the core of eating disorders: Overvaluation, social rank, self-criticism and shame in anorexia, bulimia and binge eating disorder
This study examined the similarities and differences in eating psychopathology symptoms, overvaluation of body shape, weight and eating, general psychopathology, social comparison, self-criticism and shame, between AN, BN and BED patients. Also, the mediator effect of self-criticism and social comparison on the association between overvaluation and shame, was tested.Participants were 119 patients (34 AN, 34 BN and 51 BED) diagnosed through the Eating Disorder Examination.Results indicated that BED patients are older and present higher BMI. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, José Source Type: research

Comparative analysis of affective temperament in patients with difficult-to-treat and easy-to-treat major depression and bipolar disorder: Possible application in clinical settings
Difficult-to-treat major depressive disorder (MDD-DT), which involves antidepressant refractoriness or antidepressant-related adverse psychiatric effects, is bipolar in nature; therefore, it may share common temperamental features with bipolar disorder. To examine this hypothesis, affective temperament was compared between MDD-DT, easy-to-treat major depressive disorder (MDD-ET), and bipolar disorder. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Minoru Takeshima, Takashi Oka Source Type: research

Social contacts and loneliness in people with psychotic and mood disorders
In this study we assessed social contacts outside home, work environments and mental health services, which may be increased by these interventions. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Domenico Giacco, Claudia Palumbo, Nadia Strappelli, Francesco Catapano, Stefan Priebe Source Type: research

Eating disorders and eating pathology in young adult and adult patients with ESSENCE
Little is known about the prevalence and incidence of traditional eating disorders (ED, e.g., anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa) and binge eating disorder (BED) in individuals with childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of ED and eating pathology in young adults and adults with ADHD and/or ASD, and to investigate the relationship between ED and associated symptoms, on the one hand, and other psychiatric disorders, intelligence, and BMI, on the other hand, in thi...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Louise Karjalainen, Christopher Gillberg, Maria Råstam, Elisabet Wentz Source Type: research

Comparing how co-morbid depression affects individual domains of functioning and life satisfaction in schizophrenia
This study sought to examine the differences in individual QOL indicators between schizophrenia patients with and without co-morbid depression. This was completed separately for objective and subjective QOL. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric Josiah Tan, Susan Lee Rossell Source Type: research

Prevalence and Symptomatic Correlates of Interpersonal Trauma in South Korean Outpatients with Major Depressive Disorder
In this study, we investigated the prevalence of past traumatic events and symptomatic features of treatment-seeking outpatients with MDD. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Seon-Cheol Park, Daeho Kim, Eun Young Jang Source Type: research

An initial investigation of abnormal bodily phenomena in subjects at Ultra high risk for psychosis: Their prevalence and clinical implications
This study is an exploratory investigation of ABP in UHR subjects and matched healthy controls (HC) examining their relation to clinical features and basic self-disturbances. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Luis Madeira, Ilaria Bonoldi, Matteo Rochetti, Carly Samson, Matilda Azis, Beverly Queen, Matthijs Bossong, Jesus Perez, James Stone, Paul Allen, Oliver D. Howes, Philip McGuire, Paolo Fusar-Poli, Massimo Ballerini, Giovanni Stanghellini Source Type: research

Motivational deficits in major depressive disorder: Cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships with functional impairment and subjective well-being
Many individuals with major depressive disorder present with prominent motivational deficits; however, the effect of these symptoms on functional outcomes in the illness remains unclear. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 17, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gagan Fervaha, George Foussias, Hiroyoshi Takeuchi, Ofer Agid, Gary Remington Source Type: research

Assessment and associated features of prolonged grief disorder among Chinese bereaved individuals
This study aims to validate the Chinese version of the Inventory of Complicated grief (ICG), examine the distinctiveness of PGD symptoms from symptoms of bereavement-related depression and anxiety, and explore the prevalence of PGD in a Chinese sample. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 17, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jie Li, Holly G. Prigerson Source Type: research

Childhood traumatic events and types of auditory verbal hallucinations in first-episode schizophrenia patients
Evidence is accumulating that childhood trauma might be associated with higher severity of positive symptoms in patients with psychosis and higher incidence of psychotic experiences in non-clinical populations. However, it remains unknown whether the history of childhood trauma might be associated with particular types of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 16, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Błażej Misiak, Ahmed A. Moustafa, Andrzej Kiejna, Dorota Frydecka Source Type: research

Validity of the Brief Dyadic Scale of Expressed Emotion in adolescents
In this study, BDSEE’s factorial, convergent, and divergent validity was tested in an adolescent sample with binge-eating disorder and a matched community sample. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 16, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ricarda Schmidt, Anne Tetzlaff, Anja Hilbert Source Type: research

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor serum levels in heroin-dependent patients after 26weeks of withdrawal
Drug dependence, especially heroin dependence, causes many problems for individuals and society [1]. By the end of 2014, there were almost 2.96 million registered drug abusers in China, and more than 49.3% of them were individuals with heroin dependence [2]. Heroin dependence is a chronic, relapsing brain disease that can cause acute and protracted withdrawal symptoms when drug use is discontinued [3, 4]. For some individuals with heroin dependence, withdrawal symptoms may last for weeks, months or even years. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 1, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kai Zhang, Haifeng Jiang, Qiaoyang Zhang, Jiang Du, Yuan Wang, Min Zhao Source Type: research

Effects of voluntary/involuntary retirement on their own and spouses' depressive symptoms
The aim of our study was to elucidate the effect of voluntary/involuntary retirement on individuals’ and spouses’ depressive symptoms using the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hwanjin Park, Mo-Yeol Kang Source Type: research

Accuracy of the number of previous episodes reported by patients with bipolar disorder
The number of previous episodes in patients with BD is a variable widely used for both clinical and research purposes. The aim of this study was to compare the number of episodes retrospectively reported by euthymic BD subjects with that registered by their psychiatrists during a follow-up period. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 24, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Diego J. Martino, Eliana Marengo, Ana Igoa, María Scápola, Mariana Urtueta-Baamonde, Sergio A. Strejilevich Source Type: research

Recurrent unipolar mania: a comparative, cross-sectional study
A significant number of patients experience recurrent episodes of mania without depressive episodes. Evidence from the available literature suggests that these patients differ from typical "bipolar" or "manic-depressive" patients, but results have been inconsistent. The current study aims to add to this literature by comparing the demographic, clinical and risk factor profiles of patients with recurrent mania with and without depression. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ravi Philip Rajkumar Source Type: research

Compulsive Buying in University Students: its Prevalence and Relationships with Materialism, Psychological Distress Symptoms, and Subjective Well-being
Compulsive buying has become a severe problem among young people. The prominent role that psychological variables play in this phenomenon support their consideration in establishing a risk profile for compulsive buying that serves as a guide for the development of prevention and treatment programs with guarantees of effectiveness. However, there are only a small number of studies in existence which have explored the compulsive buying prevalence among students, and none of them have been conducted in a Mediterranean country. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 20, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Estíbaliz Villardefrancos, José Manuel Otero-López Source Type: research

Adversity, attachment, and mentalizing
The papers in this special issue offer evidence of personality disorder as a dysfunction of higher-order cognition, which is conceptualized variously as a disorder of mentalizing, metacognition, mindfulness, social cognition and reflective function. While there may be differences in the scope of these concepts, they all imply that higher-order mental processing is at the core of personality function. In this commentary, the authors use mentalizing as an umbrella term for these concepts, and argue that it is the complex interaction of adversity, attachment and mentalizing that lead to the characteristic symptoms of borderli...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 19, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Peter Fonagy, Anthony W. Bateman Source Type: research

Development and Validity of a Very Short Form of the Eating Disorder Inventory
The main objective of the present series of studies was to develop and validate a 16-item very short form of the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-VS) for use as a short assessment tool in large-scale comprehensive or longitudinal studies, as well as in-depth idiographic studies. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 16, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Christophe Maïano, Alexandre J.S. Morin, Johana Monthuy-Blanc, Jean-Marie Garbarino, Grégory Ninot Source Type: research

Motivation and Pleasure Scale-Self-Report (MAP-SR): Validation of the German version of a self-report measure for screening negative symptoms in schizophrenia
Validated self-report instruments could provide a time efficient screening method for negative symptoms in people with schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a German version of the Motivation and Pleasure Scale-Self-Report (MAP-SR) which is based on the Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 16, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maike Engel, Tania Marie Lincoln Source Type: research

Temperaments in completed suicides: are they different from those in suicide attempters and controls?
Temperaments in completed suicides have never been assessed whereas there is substantial research on temperaments in attempted suicides and psychiatric patients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 13, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maurizio Pompili, Marco Innamorati, Mariantonietta Milelli, Michele Battuello, Denise Erbuto, David Lester, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi Source Type: research

Sexual dysfunction and its impact on quality of life in Chinese patients with schizophrenia treated in primary care
This study describes the prevalence and correlates of sexual dysfunction and its impact on quality of life (QOL) in patients with schizophrenia treated in primary care in China. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 13, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cai-Lan Hou, Yu Zang, Xin-Rong Ma, Mei-Ying Cai, Yan Li, Fu-Jun Jia, Yong-Qiang Lin, Gabor S. Ungvari, Chee H. Ng, Helen F.K. Chiu, Yu-Tao Xiang Source Type: research

Validation of the NetSCID: an Automated Web-Based Adaptive Version of the SCID
The present study developed and validated a configurable, adaptive, web-based version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM, the NetSCID. The validation included 24 clinicians who administered the SCID and 230 participants who completed the paper SCID and/or the NetSCID. Data-entry errors, branching errors, and clinician satisfaction were quantified. Relative to the paper SCID, the NetSCID resulted in far fewer data-entry and branching errors. Clinicians ‘preferred’ using the NetSCID and found that the NetSCID was easier to administer. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 7, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Benjamin B. Brodey, Michael First, Jared Linthicum, Kirsten Haman, Jordan W. Sasiela, David Ayer Source Type: research

Symptom accommodation, trichotillomania-by-proxy, and interpersonal functioning in trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder)
This study investigated relationship functioning in trichotillomania (TTM) as well as specific interpersonal behaviors that have received little attention in TTM research, including by-proxy pulling, symptom accommodation, and self-disclosure. The objective was to contribute data for future development of components of treatment that focus on interpersonal functioning. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 7, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Martha J. Falkenstein, David A.F. Haaga Source Type: research

Identifying a Physical Indicator of Suicide Risk: Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Scars Predict Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts
Suicide risk is challenging to quantify due to reliance on self-report, which is limited by individuals’ lack of insight and the desire to conceal such intentions. Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is one of the most robust predictors of suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SA). Although NSSI often leads to permanent scarring, which can be assessed by objective physical examination, no research has examined whether scarring denotes tangible risk for SI and SA. The present study examined whether NSSI scar presence and number predict current SI and SA history. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 5, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Taylor A. Burke, Jessica L. Hamilton, Jonah N. Cohen, Jonathan P. Stange, Lauren B. Alloy Source Type: research

An experimental investigation of mentalization ability in borderline personality disorder
Deficits in mentalization ability have been theorized to underlie borderline personality disorder (BPD) and have led to mentalization-based treatments. Yet there has been little empirical investigation into whether mentalization deficits do differentiate the BPD population from healthy controls, and the specific nature of these differences. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Robyn Petersen, Vlasios Brakoulias, Robyn Langdon Source Type: research

Characteristics of motivation and their impacts on the functional outcomes in patients with schizophrenia
Deficits of motivation have been considered to be a core feature of schizophrenia, and recent studies have begun to reveal the biological and psychological characteristics and mechanisms underlying the deficits in motivation in schizophrenia patients. The aims of the present study were to investigate the characteristics of motivation in schizophrenia patients using the General Causality Orientations Scale (GCOS), and the impacts of motivational orientations on the functional outcomes in schizophrenia patients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 27, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Miki Tobe, Takahiro Nemoto, Naohisa Tsujino, Taiju Yamaguchi, Naoyuki Katagiri, Chiyo Fujii, Masafumi Mizuno Source Type: research

Demographic and clinical characteristics associated with comorbid cannabis use disorders (CUDs) in hospitalized patients with bipolar I disorder
Published data suggest that cannabis use is associated with several negative consequences for individuals with bipolar disorder (BD), including new manic episode onset, psychosis, and functional disability. Yet much less is known about cannabis use disorders (CUDs) in this population, especially in more acutely symptomatic groups. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 15, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lauren M. Weinstock, Brandon A. Gaudiano, Susan J. Wenze, Gary Epstein-Lubow, Ivan W. Miller Source Type: research