Barriers and facilitators to health visiting teams delivering oral health promotion to families of young children: a mixed methods study with vignettes.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings can be harnessed to support oral health promotion delivered by HV teams. PMID: 32412187 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - May 17, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Caries prevalence in 6- to 10-year-old German schoolchildren with and without disability.
CONCLUSIONS: The dental health of schoolchildren with disability was worse than that of schoolchildren without disability. To improve this situation, caries prevention efforts in day care centers and schools should be intensified for children with disability. PMID: 32407008 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - May 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Characteristics of teenagers who use dental floss.
CONCLUSION: Use of dental floss was not a daily behaviour in most teenagers. Flossing was associated with having approximal caries lesions, indicating that teenagers having signs of approximal caries had been recommended to use dental floss. PMID: 32407009 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - May 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Randomized Controlled Trial: The effects of Short Message Service on mothers' oral health knowledge and practice.
CONCLUSION: Gain-frame and loss-frame SMS had similar impacts on the mothers' knowledge and practices about their children's oral health. However, both improved the mothers' knowledge and practice. Therefore, regardless of the style of text message framing, this method may be useful for educating mothers. PMID: 32338468 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 29, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Marginalization and fluorosis its relationship with dental caries in rural children in Mexico: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: Rural children with a high level of marginalization and fluorosis (TFI ≥4) were more likely to present caries. Poor oral hygiene and low dental service levels were found in both marginalized areas. Populations with medium/high marginalization are more susceptible to caries. PMID: 32338469 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 29, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Meeting report: The 4th Iranian Congress of Community Oral Health.
Authors: Kazemian A, Keshavarz H, Babazadeh S, Toutouni H Abstract The 4th Iranian Congress of Community Oral Health was held on 28th and 29th of November 2019 in Mashhad, Iran under the theme of "Oral Health for All". The congress brought together almost 300 Iranian dentists, including nearly 40 with a PhD in Community Oral Health, and 25 PhD students. This unprecedented large gathering of Iranian dentists, either specialists or dentists interested in community oral health, was one of the main characteristics of the meeting. PMID: 32338470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 29, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Improving Iraqi school dental services: A GIS-based study of service location optimisation.
CONCLUSION: Reforming the existing dental health services in Iraq can be achieved by careful planning and appropriate utilisation of health resources. PMID: 32338834 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 29, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Oral Health Inequalities in 0-17-year-old Children Referred for Dental Extractions Under General Anaesthesia in Wolverhampton, 2013-2017.
CONCLUSIONS: Significant oral health inequalities exist in children from a deprived urban area in the UK. A preventive approach to children's oral health is needed to reduce such inequalities, including public health and healthcare agencies to informing parents of children whose first language is not English about dental caries. PMID: 32338835 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 29, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Dental Public Health Education in Europe: a survey of European Dental Schools to determine current practice and inform a core undergraduate programme.
CONCLUSIONS: Amongst those who completed the questionnaire, there was a general agreement on the need for a core Dental Public Health curriculum for European dentists. Given the variation across Europe, increased awareness and prioritisation of the subject is required, facilitated by collaborative support. PMID: 32338836 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 29, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Associations between caries levels and BMI measures among five-year-old children. Analysis and cross-sectional multi-variable analysis at individual child level.
CONCLUSIONS: There is some association between child BMI status and caries levels whereby caries prevalence among children of higher BMI is increased. The associations are over and above those of deprivation, ethnicity and water fluoridation individually, but these factors impact on the strength of the link between BMI and caries. PMID: 32338837 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 29, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Determinants of oral-health related quality of life and overall quality of life among early adolescents with type-1 diabetes.
CONCLUSIONS: Enhancing the SOC and SE of early adolescents with T1DM may improve their oral-health related quality of life and overall quality of life. PMID: 32338838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 29, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Referral patterns for temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) in Greater Manchester.
CONCLUSION: Based on existing evidence, timely and conservative management of TMD should be encouraged in primary care, enabling better outcomes to be achieved for patients and the maintenance of the experience and skill level of specialist services in secondary care. PMID: 32306563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 20, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Experience of collaboration at a family centre for preschool children in Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: The staff had found that the way of working was positive, mainly because it gave an increased overall view and that the co-location created added value. It also created development through mutual learning and new methods. However, it took time to establish collaboration and required permissive leadership.%, SE=2.2%) and uninsured (PR=11.8%, SE=1.7%). TMD prevalence was associated with the ERI ratio (OR=2.5, 95% CI: 1.3-4.5) and PSS scores (OR=1.1, 95% CI: 1.0-1.09) in bi-variate associations. In multivariable logistic regression, TMD was associated with being female (OR=2.1, 95% CI:1.3-3.6), university qualifi...
Source: Community Dental Health - April 20, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Temporomandibular dysfunction among working Australian adults and association with workplace effort-reward imbalance.
CONCLUSION: Greater effort-reward imbalance in the workplace is a psychosocial risk factor for TMD. This finding might need to be considered by clinicians managing TMD patients with need for investigating the efficacy of workplace stress management interventions. PMID: 32306565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 20, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Deprivation and child dental attendance in England: exploring the shape and moderators.
CONCLUSIONS: We hypothesised that the shape of the relationship between deprivation and DA could be curvilinear with higher rates in the extreme ends of deprivation. However, the analysis showed a linear association, moderated by the effect of ethnicity, single parenthood and disease level. PMID: 32227704 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Economic evaluation of school-based caries preventive programs: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: The deficiencies in the existing studies warrant more investigations of the economic aspects of school-based activities interventions to prevent caries. PMID: 32227705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Maternal Oral Health and Early Childhood Caries amongst Low-Income Families.
CONCLUSIONS: Maternal caries experience, but not periodontal status, was positively associated with ECC in their children. Maternal and child behaviours explained little of this association. PMID: 32227706 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Challenges and learning in carrying out an enhanced sample to provide small area data for the dental survey of five-year-old children in England.
CONCLUSION: This paper has described a method for delivering small area caries data by increasing the size of the sample. Learning, and understanding the outcomes and challenges from this work can inform planning and delivery of future surveys using an enhanced sample at ward level. PMID: 32227707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Greater child dental health inequality in England compared to Wales and Northern Ireland, despite lower average disease levels.
CONCLUSION: There is a deprivation gradient in child dental caries in all three countries, with England showing the greatest inequalities. PMID: 32212432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - March 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Is toothwear associated with oral health related quality of life in adults in the UK?
CONCLUSIONS: In this general population sample, there was a small significant association between toothwear and OHRQoL impacts. However, the association was only significant for more severe categories of toothwear. PMID: 32212433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - March 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

The relationship between sucrose intake in coffee or tea, and root or coronal caries in an elderly Japanese population.
CONCLUSION: A significant positive relationship was observed between sucrose in coffee and tea and the number of coronal or root caries lesions in community-dwelling elderly Japanese. PMID: 32212434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - March 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Outcomes of a co-designed, community-led oral health promotion program for Aboriginal children in rural and remote communities in New South Wales, Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: The co-design elements of the program are critical to its success. Engaging local Aboriginal communities to co-design and deliver oral health promotion can reduce the burden of tooth decay experienced by Aboriginal children. PMID: 32212435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - March 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Everyone else is using it, so why isn't the UK? Silver diamine fluoride for children and young people.
CONCLUSION: SDF is perhaps not yet widely adopted in the UK due to a perceived parental concern about its staining effect. With a growing evidence base and reportedly higher efficacy than fluoride varnish for caries prevention and arrest, SDF has the potential to play an important role in managing dental disease in children and young people in both primary and secondary care. PMID: 32212436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - March 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Community-based oral health interventions for people experiencing homelessness: a scoping review.
CONCLUSION: This review has highlighted several recommendations, as well as gaps in the literature. These gaps suggest a need for more non-clinical oral health interventions for the homeless population, and a closer look at the role that non-dental practitioners can play in the delivery of oral health care. PMID: 32212437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - March 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Caregiver oral health literacy: relationship with socioeconomic factors, oral health behaviors and perceived child dental status.
CONCLUSIONS: Poor oral health literacy was more common among caregivers with less schooling and a poor perception of their child's oral health. OHL was unrelated to monthly family income, child dental health status, perception of own oral health or child or caregiver oral health behaviors. PMID: 32212438 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - March 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Brexit - Consequences for the UK's Oral Health Workforce?
Authors: Eaton KA Abstract On Friday, 20 December 2019, after three and a half years of discussion the Parliament of the United Kingdom (UK) voted decisively that this country should leave the European Union (EU). For many of us this was a sad day. However, this political decision has been made and intensive negotiations will now take place between the UK and the EU's negotiating teams to agree the details for the UK's future relationship with the EU. It is still far from clear exactly what the consequences of the resulting deal will be for both parties. A number of previous articles and editorials have speculated ...
Source: Community Dental Health - March 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

The distribution of dentists in Australia Socio-economic profile as an indicator of access to services.
CONCLUSION: There is an inequity in the distribution of dentists relative to the socio-economic profile and geographic location of the Australian population. Shortages of dentists persist across many IRSD deciles in regional and rural areas. Within major cities there are fewer dentists per capita in the lower socio-economic districts. PMID: 32031338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Alcohol consumption is associated with periodontitis. A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.
CONCLUSION: Alcohol consumption was associated with increased occurrence of periodontitis and should be considered as a parameter in periodontal risk assessment. Publication bias should be explored in future studies. PMID: 32031339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Perspectives of socially disadvantaged women on oral healthcare during pregnancy.
Discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed thematically using the NVivo 11© software programme for coding and thematic analysis. RESULTS: All participants reported unmet oral healthcare needs. The analysis revealed three main themes: knowledge of the importance and value of oral health during pregnancy, experiences with oral healthcare and provision of oral health services to socially disadvantaged pregnant women. Participants favoured inclusion of preventive oral healthcare provided by either dental or prenatal healthcare professionals in routine prenatal care. DISCUSSION: Socially dis...
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Dentistry, e-health and digitalisation: A critical narrative review of the dental literature on digital technologies with insights from health and technology studies.
Conclusion and Clinical significance: Digital technology is changing clinical practice and patient care. Dentistry needs to expand its understanding of how dental apps, digital workflow models and digital health information are transforming and disrupting dental practice in order to anticipate how this digital shift will impact on dentistry. The emerging field of critical digital health studies can signpost ways to improve research and practice on the topic in the future. PMID: 32031341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Retrospective analysis of the association between tooth loss and dementia: a population-based matched case-control study.
CONCLUSIONS: This population-based retrospective study demonstrated an association between tooth loss and dementia. Patients in Taiwan with more tooth extraction experience are likely to have an increased risk of dementia. PMID: 32031342 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Assessing the conceptual model of the Oral Health Impact Profile-49 (OHIP-49): A path analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study indicates that OHIP-49 represents an acceptable operationalization of the Oral Health related Quality of Life, as it was conceptualized by Locker's theoretical model. PMID: 32031343 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Tobacco use and dental fear among 15-16 year-old adolescents in Finland.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent tobacco users were more likely to have dental fear than non-users. Dental teams should consider this when meeting adolescents who have dental fear and/or are using tobacco. The possible common vulnerability factors for dental fear and tobacco use needs further study. PMID: 32031344 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Effect of treating carious teeth on children's and adolescents' anthropometric outcomes: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials.
CONCLUSIONS: The evidence into the impact of treating carious teeth on children's growth is mixed and inconclusive. However, there is consistent evidence that treatment of severely carious teeth can significantly improve children's oral health-related quality of life. Oral health promotion and strategies to screen for oral health problems and widen dental access should be considered as part of integrated public health programs targeting children. PMID: 32031345 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Determinants of periodontitis among a rural Indian population: A case control study.
CONCLUSION: Risk factors for periodontitis in a rural Indian population were identified. Further studies should validate these findings and appropriate recommendations should be developed to decrease the prevalence and burden of periodontitis in this population. PMID: 32031346 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Bias in population oral health research: longitudinal studies.
Authors: Celeste RK Abstract Bias in longitudinal studies have been well described and the longer the follow-up, the higher the proportion of drop-outs. Here, I present some key issues related to selection bias, time-varying confounders, solutions to bias and challenges in longitudinal studies in dental research. Selection bias creates distortions in measures of disease frequency or association due to losses of follow-up or use of specific population groups. It is shown that even if losses are not associated with baseline values, measures such as odds ratios may be seriously distorted. Such problems can be understo...
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Quantitative Bias Analysis of misclassification in case-control studies: an example with Human Papillomavirus and Oropharyngeal Cancer.
CONCLUSION: The association between oral sex practice and OPC could be explained by biases in the data (e.g., HPV mediator misclassification). Our results highlight the need for widespread adoption of Quantitative Bias Analysis in oral health research. PMID: 32031348 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Random and Systematic Bias in Population Oral Health Research: an introduction.
Authors: Jamieson LM Abstract Bias in population oral health research is a form of systematic error that can affect scientific investigations and distort inference (i.e under or over confidence in an estimate). A biased study loses validity in relation to the degree of the bias. While some study designs are more prone to bias, its presence is universal. It is difficult to completely eliminate bias; in the process of attempting to do so, new bias may be introduced or a study may be rendered less generalizable. The goals are to therefore minimize bias and for investigators and readers to comprehend its residual effec...
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Estimating Bias Due to Unmeasured Confounding in Oral Health Epidemiology.
Authors: Mittinty MN Abstract Confounding can make an association seem bigger when the true effect is smaller or vice-versa and it can also make it appear negative when it may actually be positive. In short, both the direction and the magnitude of an association are dependent on confounding. Therefore, understanding and adjusting for confounding in epidemiological research is central to addressing whether an observed association is causal or not. Moreover, unmeasured confounding in observational studies can give rise to biased estimates. Several techniques have been developed to account for bias and conducting sens...
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Sources of bias in genomics research of oral and dental traits.
Authors: Agler CS, Divaris K Abstract Evidence regarding the genomic basis of oral/dental traits and diseases is a fundamental pillar of the emerging notion of precision health. During the last decade, technological advances have improved the feasibility and affordability of conducting genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and studying the associations of emanating data with both common and rare oral conditions. Most evidence thus far emanates from GWAS of dental caries and periodontal disease that have tested the associations of several million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with typically binary, health ...
Source: Community Dental Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Malocclusion, facial and psychological predictors of quality of life in adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Facial and dental aspects of malocclusion were unrelated to OHRQoL, whereas psychosocial variables such as self-perception of orthodontic treatment need and self-esteem predicted adolescents' oral health related quality of life. PMID: 31778302 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - November 30, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Child involvement in oral health education interventions - a systematic review of randomised controlled studies.
CONCLUSION: Children's views of oral health education and their potential role as active participants in the overall research process should be examined using qualitative methods prior to any intervention design. The use of participatory research methodology when planning pre-intervention studies and developing interventions, including ones with a randomised controlled trial design, is, therefore, recommended. PMID: 31724837 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - November 15, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Geographic distribution of dental specialists permitted to advertise dental practices in Japan.
CONCLUSION: The dentists in each specialty were few in number and were unequally distributed among the zones, but less so for oral surgeons and pedodontists. Dental anesthesiologists and radiologists were located primarily at university hospitals in urban areas and, therefore, were more unequally distributed. PMID: 31680491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - November 5, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Association between psychological distress and chronic periodontitis in Sri Lankan adults.
CONCLUSION: psychological distress is an independent risk factor for CP in this population. PMID: 31670916 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - November 3, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Social gradients in dental attendance among older adults: Findings from the National Survey on Demographics and Health in Peru.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a clear social gradient in dental attendance among older adults in Peru. This is important to provide further insights into current national programmes and relevant long-term policies. PMID: 31670917 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - November 3, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Oral function and vertical jump height among healthy older people in Japan.
CONCLUSIONS: Vertical jump height was closely associated with oral function among healthy older women. PMID: 31670918 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - November 3, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Management of Medication-related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (MRONJ) risk in patients due to commence anti-resorptive/anti-angiogenic drugs - how should pre-drug-treatment dental preventive care be organised?
CONCLUSION: There exists a large and growing group at risk of MRONJ who have significant amounts of oral disease. However, the risk of the condition is largely preventable. Promise is shown in several methods to organise timely dental care before treatment. PMID: 31663693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - November 1, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Differences between caregiver-perceived and dentist-assessed oral health status of patients among intellectual disabilities.
CONCLUSION: Professional caregivers of adult patients with intellectual disabilities had different perceptions of oral health status based on patient and caregiver circumstances. PMID: 31664796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - November 1, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

What is health economics?
Authors: Listl S, Grytten JI, Birch S Abstract OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the principles of economics and their application to the promotion, protection and restoration of oral health in populations and the planning, management and delivery of oral health care. After illustrating the economic determinants of oral health, the demand for oral health care is discussed with particular reference to asymmetric information between patient and provider. The reasons for the market failure in (oral) health care and their implications for efficiency and equity are explained. We go on to describe how economic evaluation ...
Source: Community Dental Health - November 1, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Dental caries status and related modifiable factors among Nepali students.
CONCLUSIONS: Most dental caries remains untreated. Students with more shops near their school and who attended schools closer to the city were more likely to have dental caries. PMID: 31468746 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - September 1, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research