Elated or sad mood induction affects the attention of patients with a bipolar disorder less than that of patients with a depressive disorder.
Conclusions: Results showed only small effects of mood induction on attention. This supports the view that attention deficits reflect trait variables. PMID: 31707921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - November 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Examining associations between two different jumping to conclusions scores with positive schizotypy and recent distress.
Conclusion: Positive schizotypy was specifically associated with extreme responding and not draws to decision/non-extreme responding, which suggests that the nature of extreme responding and of draws to decision might be different. This could have relevance for assessing and treating jumping to conclusions. PMID: 31668129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - November 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Decision-making of patients with major depressive disorder in the framework of action control.
Conclusions: MDD appears to have an impact on dynamic DM processes, while basic processes are preserved. Limitations as well as directions for future research are discussed with regard to the neurocognitive model of depression. PMID: 31672088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - November 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

A new semi-nonverbal task glance, moderate role of cognitive flexibility in ADHD children's theory of mind.
Discussion: The study provides evidence for a link between the abilities to attribute correct mental states to others, planning and shifting attention in ADHD children, suggesting the ability to rely on cognitive flexibility in the face of a changing environment plays a role in explaining the association between ToM and EF. PMID: 31661370 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Introspective accuracy for social competence in psychometric schizotypy.
Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that individuals high in schizotypal traits perceive that they have poor social competence despite displaying skills that are on par with their peers. Such perceptions may lead to avoidance of social interactions or employment opportunities and could contribute to deficits in social functioning. PMID: 31645224 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 31623514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Neurocognition functioning as a prerequisite to intact social cognition in schizophrenia.
Conclusions: The findings show that neurocognition and social cognition are independent but related constructs. PMID: 31621495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

FDG-PET in Cotard syndrome before and after treatment: can functional brain imaging support a two-factor hypothesis of nihilistic delusions?
Conclusions: Abnormalities in the functioning of the insular cortex and the prefrontal cortex could be related to the development of nihilistic delusions when a two-factor theory of delusions is considered. PMID: 31597522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Association between cognitive impairment and cardiovascular burden in patients with severe mental disorder.
This study determines the relationship between cognition and vascular burden in patients with SMD. Methods: Sixty SMD patients (61% men, mean age: 46) attending a psychosocial rehabilitation centre were included. We evaluated sociodemographic, clinical, laboratory, quality of life and functionality characteristics. And we analysed the association between cognitive performance and vascular burden. Results: SMD diagnoses were: 41.7% schizophrenia, 20.0% bipolar, 5.0% schizoaffective, 21.7% depressive and 11.7% other. Cognitive impairment was present in 55% of the cases. The average vascular burden was 3.2. Patients with cogn...
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

The remediation effects of working memory training in schizophrenia patients with prominent negative symptoms.
Conclusions: These findings support the efficacy of WM training in ameliorating hedonic dysfunction in schizophrenia patients with prominent negative symptoms. PMID: 31583951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Theory of mind in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Hinting Task.
Conclusions: The results suggest that the Norwegian Hinting Task is suited for use in schizophrenia research and assessment, but caution is warranted when using the test for other populations. PMID: 31578118 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Reframing PTSD for computational psychiatry with the active inference framework.
Conclusions: The novel perspective on PTSD we present aims to serve as a basis for new experimental designs and therapeutic interventions that integrate fundamentally biological, cognitive, behavioural, and environmental factors. PMID: 31564212 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Language in schizophrenia and aphasia: the relationship with non-verbal cognition and thought disorder.
Conclusion: While patients with schizophrenia and aphasia showed language impairments, the nature and cognitive basis of these impairments may be different; language performance disassociates from broader cognitive functioning in aphasia but may be an intrinsic expression of a broader cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. Thought disorder may represent a core malfunction of grammatical processing. Results suggests that communicative ability may be a valid target in cognitive remediation strategies in schizophrenia. PMID: 31550981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - September 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Testing whether cognitive reserve as measured by self-rating of stimulating activities moderates the association of polysubstance use and neurocognitive disorder.
Conclusions: Moderation effect of self-rated CR should be further tested using direct measures of substance-induced neuropathology. Measurement of self-rated CR may complement self-reported cognitive examination. PMID: 31554497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - September 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Affective and cognitive factors associated with hallucination proneness in the general population: the role of shame and trauma-related intrusions.
Conclusions: Our results reinforce the importance of considering previous experiences of trauma and trauma-related symptoms, including feelings of shame in individuals experiencing hallucinations. Moreover, this study reinforces previous studies showing some preliminary evidence that compassion-focused therapy, whose primary goal is to reduce shame by increasing self-compassion, could have a significant effect on voices whose content is hostile. PMID: 31549568 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - September 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Thinking about other's mistakes: contrasting patterns of performance in groups high or low in autistic or psychopathic traits.
Conclusions: The findings are considered in the light of the possible contributions of cognitive versus emotional processes to counterfactual thinking. The possible implications for managing social dysfunction in clinical populations are also discussed. PMID: 31522604 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - September 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Explaining delusional beliefs: a hybrid model.
Conclusion: A rapprochement between the two-factor theory and the prediction error theory is both possible and desirable. In particular, our hybrid theory provides a parsimonious and unified account of delusions, whether monothematic or polythematic, across a wide variety of medical conditions. PMID: 31502494 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - September 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Searchlight classification based on Amplitude of Low Frequency Fluctuation and functional connectivity in individuals with obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the specific and distinguishing brain functional abnormalities associated with obsessive-compulsive symptoms. PMID: 31451062 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - August 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Metacognition in functional cognitive disorder- a potential mechanism and treatment target.
Conclusions: There is an urgent need for effective treatments in FCD. Impaired metacognition may be a plausible therapeutic target but, in the first instance, further research is required to demonstrate deficits in "local" metacognitive ability in FCD patients when measured objectively. If so, clinical trials of interventions, such as computerised metacognitive training, are required to evaluate their effectiveness in improving FCD symptoms. PMID: 31389291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - August 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Continuing commentary: challenges or misunderstandings? A defence of the two-factor theory against the challenges to its logic.
Authors: Nie C Abstract Corlett, P. R. (2019. Factor one, familiarity and frontal cortex: A challenge to the two-factor theory of delusions. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 2 4(3), 165-177. doi:10.1080/13546805.2019.1606706) raises two groups of challenges against the two-factor theory of delusions: One focuses on weighing "the evidence for … the two-factor theory"; the other aims to question "the logic of the two-factor theory" (ibid., p. 166). McKay, R. (2019. Measles, magic and misidentifications: A defence of the two-factor theory of delusions. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 24(3...
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Does uncertainty breed conviction? On the possible role of compensatory conviction in jumping to conclusions and overconfidence in psychosis.
Conclusions: Our results at present do not support the idea that JTC is elevated by a prior experience of a dilemma or doubt. Yet, this possibility should not be entirely dismissed as the presumed process may take time to evolve and perhaps needs to be more pervasive. PMID: 31311460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - July 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

A look into hallucinations: the relationship between visual imagery and hallucinations in Alzheimer's disease.
Discussion: These results demonstrate a selective relationship between the occurrence of visual (but not auditory) hallucinations and the ability to generate vivid visual images in AD. PMID: 31213139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - June 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Testing a model of auditory hallucinations: the role of negative emotions and cognitive resources.
Conclusions: Such results are in agreement with models of AH and they provide new data for the understanding of the emotional and cognitive mechanisms that underpin AH. PMID: 31188062 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - June 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Self-voice perception and its relationship with hallucination predisposition.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that nonclinical participants with high HP experience altered voice identity processing, whereas HP does not affect the perception of vocal emotion. Specific alterations in self-voice perception in clinical and nonclinical voice hearers may establish a core feature of the psychosis continuum. PMID: 31177920 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of social and sensory stress on cognitive biases and delusions in schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: Only limited evidence was found for the negative impact of stress on cognitive processes in schizophrenia patients. However, this may not be true for those with more severe information processing abnormalities and/or delusions. PMID: 31043127 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - May 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Factor one, familiarity and frontal cortex: a challenge to the two-factor theory of delusions.
CONCLUSION: Two-factor theory is found lacking and should be reappraised. PMID: 31010382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - April 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Measles, magic and misidentifications: a defence of the two-factor theory of delusions.
Authors: McKay R Abstract Corlett (Corlett, P. (this issue). Factor one, familiarity and frontal cortex: A challenge to the two-factor theory of delusions. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry) provides a robust critique of the two-factor theory of delusions. The heart of his critique is two challenges he derives from a paper by Tranel and Damasio (Tranel, D., & Damasio, H. (1994). Neuroanatomical correlates of electrodermal skin conductance responses. Psychophysiology, 31(5), 427-438), who illuminate the autonomic responses and brain damage of four patients often cited in support of the two-factor theory of Cap...
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - April 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Trauma and anxious attachment influence the relationship between suggestibility and dissociation: a moderated-moderation analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that high suggestibility confers vulnerability to dissociative states in individuals exposed to trauma and displaying an anxious attachment style. PMID: 30987544 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - April 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

A network-based response to the two-factor theory of delusion formation.
Authors: Darby RR Abstract In response to Dr. Corlett's paper regarding the two factor theory of delusional misidentifications, I discuss further evidence that VMPFC damaged patients do not have an isolated factor 1 defect. I then discuss more broadly the limitations in the modular view of brain function that leads to the 2-factor theory. Finally, I propose a connectionist based interpretation of delusional misidentifications that better fits with the clinical data from patients with focal brain lesions showing how these lesion locations relate to complex brain networks. PMID: 30987557 [PubMed - as supplied by ...
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - April 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Investigating the jumping to conclusion bias in bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first clinical study to assess the jumping to conclusions bias in patients with bipolar disorder. No JTC bias was detected in bipolar disorder. Further studies may assess JTC in larger samples to determine the effects of clinical state changes, psychotic symptoms, medication and impulsivity. PMID: 30987559 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - April 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical presentation and neuropsychological profiles of Functional Cognitive Disorder patients with and without co-morbid depression.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study informs future diagnostic criteria. For example, they should not exclude patients with co-morbid psychiatric illness or abnormal neuropsychometric testing and clinicians should remain open to the possibility of "functional overlay". Furthermore, FCD and depression are distinct disorders that can exist co-morbidly. PMID: 30857470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - March 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Intact prioritisation of unconscious face processing in schizophrenia.
CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that face processing deficits reported in the literature must manifest at a conscious stage of processing, where the influence of mentalizing or attribution biases might play a role. PMID: 30848987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - March 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Sex differences in facial emotion recognition in health and psychotic disorders.
CONCLUSION: The assessment of sex-differences in FER and other important features of psychosis is important for better understanding of its neurobiological basis and for the development of targeted treatments for improved functioning. PMID: 30789053 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - February 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Cognitive neuropsychiatric analysis of an additional large Capgras delusion case series.
Authors: Currell EA, Werbeloff N, Hayes JF, Bell V Abstract : Although important to cognitive neuropsychiatry and theories of delusions, Capgras delusion has largely been reported in single case studies. Bell et al. [2017. Uncovering Capgras delusion using a large scale medical records database. British Journal of Psychiatry Open, 3(4), 179-185] previously deployed computational and clinical case identification on a large-scale medical records database to report a case series of 84 individuals with Capgras delusion. We replicated this approach on a new database from a different mental health service provider ...
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - February 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

The use of component-wise gradient boosting to assess the possible role of cognitive measures as markers of vulnerability to pediatric bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Alterations in processing speed and affective processing are markers of BD in pediatric populations. Longitudinal studies should determine whether UO with a cognitive profile similar to that of HC are at less or equal risk for mood disorders. Future studies should include relevant measures for BD such as verbal memory and genetic risk scores. PMID: 30774035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - February 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised scores and whole-brain structure in patients with schizophrenia and healthy individuals.
Authors: Hidese S, Ota M, Hori H, Matsuo J, Ishida I, Hiraishi M, Teraishi T, Hattori K, Kunugi H Abstract INTRODUCTION: The Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) is a standardised battery for assessing memory functions. We aimed to investigate the relationship between all WMS scores, including subtests, and whole-brain structure in a relatively large sample. METHODS: Participants were 93 patients with schizophrenia and 117 healthy individuals, all right-handed and of Japanese ethnicity, and matched for age and sex. Their memory functions were assessed using the WMS-Revised (WMS-R). Their grey and white matter structure ...
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - January 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Exploring the use of the Hinting Task in first-episode psychosis.
CONCLUSION: Results provide preliminary evidence of low convergent validity and moderate discriminant validity of the HT in FEP, and the influence of verbal reasoning and verbal memory on HT performance, indicating that caution is warranted when employing the HT as a screening tool in isolation for detection of ToM deficits in FEP. PMID: 30676887 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Body language reading of emotion and outcome in schizophrenia.
CONCLUSION: The study shows that emotion recognition accounts for community outcome. There was no clear effect of test-modality in predicting EmoBio performance, indicating no method invariance problem with EmoBio. It also indicates that the mechanisms underlying impaired social cognition in schizophrenia are different from the hypothesised non-verbal learning deficits in the disorder. PMID: 30654697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - January 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Peter Halligan: an appreciation.
Authors: David AS, Bell V PMID: 30634892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - January 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

The neuropsychological profiles of young psychosis patients with and without current cannabis use.
CONCLUSION: Evidently although there may be a group of patients who are diagnosed with a non-affective psychosis disorder regardless of external factors (i.e. cannabis use), some may instead have their illness precipitated through cannabis use at a young age, presenting with unique cognitive and symptomatic repercussions later in life. These results demonstrate no cognitive differences between cannabis-using patients and abstinent patients at the time of illness-onset, providing partial support for an alternative pathway to schizophrenia through early cannabis use. PMID: 30621505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (So...
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - January 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Impaired introspective accuracy in schizophrenia: an independent predictor of functional outcomes.
Authors: Silberstein J, Harvey PD Abstract INTRODUCTION: Individuals with schizophrenia present across a spectrum of symptomatology. Disability remains a debilitating reality across varying disease presentations and remains pervasive despite psychiatric medications. Cognition (neuro/social cognition) and negative symptoms have emerged as the strongest predictors of real-world disability, but account for
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - November 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

The role of spatial store and executive strategy in spatial working memory: a comparison between patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and controls.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with OCD had poorer spatial store capacity than HCs. However, the weight of poorer executive strategy in SWM was greater in patients than HCs, whereas the weight of spatial store was similar. We provided a direct evidence that an impairment in the executive component might be the crucial factor influencing the poorer SWM of these patients. PMID: 30463498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Changes in cognitive distortions and affectivity levels in adolescent depression after acute phase fluoxetine treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with fluoxetine over 8 weeks led to reductions in cognitive distortions, with decreased negative and increased positive affect in adolescents with MDD. Improvements in affectivity levels closely corresponded to reductions in depressive symptoms and were greater than improvements in cognitive distortions. PMID: 30306831 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Attribution of intentions and context processing in psychometric schizotypy.
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that an over-attribution of intention is independent from a broader deficit in context information processing and that they both possibly contribute to the development and maintenance of positive psychotic symptoms. PMID: 30293482 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Contradiction processing in schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results show no general impairment in contradiction processing in schizophrenia. Rather, failures to detect and correct contradictions in symptoms such as formal though disorder or delusions could arise through a complex interplay between executive dysfunctions, stress and the emotional content of the information. PMID: 30296915 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Source flexibility in schizophrenia: specificity and role in auditory hallucinations.
CONCLUSIONS: Source flexibility plays an important role in schizophrenia and in particular is a cognitive mechanism involved in hallucinations. PMID: 30289058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

The general facilitation effect of implementation intentions on prospective memory performance in patients with schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: Implementation intentions can facilitate PM performance in patients with SCZ and has the potential to be used as a clinical intervention tool. PMID: 30269636 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - October 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Solving the prefrontal conundrum of high-order anxiety: conciliating HOTEC and hypofrontality. A theoretical review.
CONCLUSIONS: Through this model, I propose that HOTEC is still a valid way to approach and understand both healthy and unhealthy anxious states of mind. PMID: 30256715 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - September 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Social and emotional loneliness in Korsakoff's syndrome.
CONCLUSION: Loneliness is a large problem in patients with KS that live in a long term care facility. Social loneliness can be positively influenced by creating possibilities to interact with other people, although the severity of the neuropsychiatric aspects of KS could compromise the presence of those interactions. PMID: 30096993 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - August 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Exploring neuropsychological predictors of ADHD remission or persistence during adulthood.
Authors: Guimarães-da-Silva PO, Rovaris DL, Silva KL, Karam RG, Rohde LA, Grevet EH, Bau CHD PMID: 30092701 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - August 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research