Towards an Evolutionary View of Bipolar Disorders.
Authors: Nardi AE PMID: 30369959 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Personality Traits in Fibromyalgia (FM): Does FM Personality Exists? A Systematic Review.
Conclusion: Studies that use a comprehensive model of personality present a different theoretical approach and use alternatively the Big-Five model, Eysenck's and Cloninger's models. The use of a comprehensive model of personality and the control of psychopathological disorders, such as anxiety and depression, seem to be very relevant for a better understanding of a specific personality profile associated with fibromyalgia. PMID: 30294356 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

The Association Between Dental Anxiety And Psychiatric Disorders And Symptoms: A Systematic Review.
Conclusion: Patients with a high level of dental anxiety are more prone to have a high level of comorbid phobias, depression, mood disorders and other psychiatric disorders and symptoms. PMID: 30288171 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - October 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Burnout Prevalence and Associated Factors Among Brazilian Medical Students.
Conclusion: The fifth period of the Medicine course and the female gender are the most affected by burnout syndrome and therefore, the preventive actions to reduce stress among medical students should be directed mainly at these higher risk categories. The low burnout rate found in our study can attest that the PBL methodology and medical schools strategically located to meet regional demand may represent strategies for the prevention of burnout among medical students. PMID: 30258484 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - September 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Postpartum Depression Among Mothers Attending Public Health Centers of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016.
Conclusion: For optimal maternal health care provision in regards to postpartum depression, integration of mental health service in addition to inter sectoral collaboration of women's affair with health institutions is crucial. PMID: 30258485 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - September 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Adult Psychiatric Inpatients: A Systematic Review.
Conclusion: From the limited research data currently available, it appears that the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders is increased in inpatient psychiatric settings relative to the general population. There is a need for further high quality research in this patient group, to add to this limited evidence base, as well as in developing effective strategies to identify patients with a high likelihood of autism spectrum disorders within this setting. PMID: 30197663 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - September 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Parental Burden and its Correlates in Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Multicentre Study with Two Comparison Groups.
Conclusion: This study confirmed that parents of children with ASD carry a huge caregiving burden, and added to our understanding of the factors associated with burden. The findings may help inform the design of effective interventions aimed at reducing burden among the parents of children with ASD. PMID: 30158998 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - August 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Domestic Violence as a Risk Factor for Postpartum Depression Among Ethiopian Women: Facility Based Study.
Conclusion: Postpartum depression is a common mental health problem during the postnatal period. Domestic violence was positively and significantly associated with the symptom of postpartum depression. Maternity services shall consider a sector that provides health care for women who encounter violence and develop symptoms of postpartum depression. PMID: 29997678 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - July 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Quick Identification of the Risk of Psychosis: The Italian Version of the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief.
Conclusion: The PQ-B is a promising screening tool in two-stage protocols. The major advantage of the PQ-B is to exclude cases that are unlikely to be at risk of psychosis. PMID: 29997679 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - July 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Organizational Factors and Burnout of Perioperative Nurses.
Conclusions: In this study three organizational factors played a significant role in predicting burnout among perioperative nurses. We recommend hospital management implement policies to improve these organizational factors. Promoting positive leadership styles, providing necessary resources, and creating a positive climate in the work environment could increase psychosocial wellbeing and decrease burnout among perioperative nurses. PMID: 29997680 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - July 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Physical Exercise For Parkinson's Disease: Clinical And Experimental Evidence.
Conclusion: Physical exercise contributes effectively to the treatment of PD, and can play a preventive and maintenance role of physical fitness and mental health. PMID: 29785199 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Comparative Study on Knowledge About Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Paediatric and Psychiatric Nurses in Public Hospitals in Kumasi, Ghana.
Conclusion: In view of the findings, it will be appropriate for autism spectrum disorder to be included in the clinical training curriculum as well as the continuous professional education for both paediatric and psychiatric nurses. This will go a long way in helping paediatric and psychiatric nurses to increase their knowledge of autism spectrum disorder. PMID: 29785200 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

The Physical Body Experiences Questionnaire Simplified for Active Aging (PBE-QAG).
Conclusion: Our study revealed that the PBE-QAG shows an excellent total internal consistency. In the Italian sample of elderly people the questionnaire shows the model with the 4 factors described in literature. PMID: 29643930 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - April 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Remission in Depression and Associated Factors at Different Assessment Times in Primary Care in Chile.
Discussion: Almost 50% of this sample failed remission in depression at 12 months. Psychiatric comorbidities and CTEs are factors that should be considered for a poor outcome in depressed Chilean patients. These factors need more recognition and a better approach in PHC. PMID: 29643931 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - April 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Takotsubo Syndrome is Associated with Mood Disorders and Antidepressants Use, not with Anxiety and Impairment of Quality of Life Due to the Psychiatric Disorder.
Conclusion: The study shows an association between TTS with depressive disorders and antidepressants use and does not confirm the association with anxiety syndromes. The study suggests the need to investigate the possible interactions between antidepressants use and mood disorders in studies with appropriate design and sample size. PMID: 29541148 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - March 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Coping with the New Era: Noise and Light Pollution, Hperactivity and Steroid Hormones. Towards an Evolutionary View of Bipolar Disorders.
Authors: Carta MG, Preti A, Akiskal HS Abstract Human population is increasing in immense cities with millions of inhabitants, in which life is expected to run 24 hours a day for seven days a week (24/7). Noise and light pollution are the most reported consequences, with a profound impact on sleep patterns and circadian biorhythms. Disruption of sleep and biorhythms has severe consequences on many metabolic pathways. Suppression of melatonin incretion at night and the subsequent effect on DNA methylation may increase the risk of prostate and breast cancer. A negative impact of light pollution on neurosteroids may a...
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - March 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Genetic Variants Involved in Bipolar Disorder, a Rough Road Ahead.
Conclusion: Although new genomic research technology in BD opens up new possibilities, the current results for common variants are still controversial because of four broad conditions: analytical validity, clinical validity, clinical utility and a reasonable cost for genetic analysis are not yet accessible. PMID: 29541150 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - March 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

The Elderly and the City: Lack of Knowledge on Violence Perception and Consequences on Daily Life.
Conclusion: The condition of elderly in the cities is changed considerably in the recent years. It is estimated that this trend will increase in the coming years. We do not know how older people are experiencing these changes and how they perceive the persistence of violence in the cities. Future researches must satisfy this need by addressing the issue with appropriate methodological tools. This is a public health priority. PMID: 29541151 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - March 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Design of FRET Probes for SNP RS1006737, Related to Mood Disorder.
Conclusion: Although in silico studies represent a relatively new avenue of inquiry, they have now started to be used to predict how a molecular probe interacts with its biological target, reducing the time and costs of molecular test tuning. The results of this study seem promising for further laboratory tests on allele detection in rs1006737 region. PMID: 29541152 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - March 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Physical Activity, Exercise and Sport Programs as Effective Therapeutic Tools in Psychosocial Rehabilitation.
Authors: Sancassiani F, Machado S, Preti A Abstract People with severe psychosocial disabilities have a 20-years shorter lifespan due to chronic somatic comorbidities and the long-term consequences of the side-effects of antipsychotic drugs. They often are sedentary and show lower levels of physical activity, factors which can contribute to their shorter lifespan, because of the greater cardiovascular risk. An increasing amount of evidence, including clinical trials, pointed out that sport, physical activity and structured exercise programs improve physical and psychological wellbeing of people with psychosocial di...
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - March 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Anxiety Symptoms and Cortical Activity in Patients with Panic Disorder: A Pilot Study.
Conclusion: Aerobic exercise can promote increase in anxiety acutely and regular aerobic exercise promotes reduction in anxiety levels. PMID: 29515644 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - March 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Active Aging and Elderly's Quality of Life: Comparing the Impact on Literature of Projects Funded by the European Union and USA.
Conclusions: The EU-funded AA and Qol Elderly projects have an impact on scientific literature comparable to projects funded in the United States by the NHI Agency.Our results are consistent with the data on general medical research, which indicates that, European research remains at a high level of competitiveness.In this experimental study, our methodology appeared to be convincing and reliable and it could be applied to the extent of the impact of more extensive research areas.Our research did not evaluate the relationship between funding required by research and scientific productivity. PMID: 29492097 [PubMed] (Sou...
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - March 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Relationship Between Brain-Derived Neurotrofic Factor (Bdnf) and Sleep on Depression: A Critical Review.
Authors: Monteiro BC, Monteiro S, Candida M, Adler N, Paes F, Rocha N, Nardi AE, Murillo-Rodriguez E, Machado S Abstract The Brain-Derived Neurotrofic Factor (BDNF) is one of the most important neurotrophins in the brain and it is suggested influences the activity of the serotonergic, noradrenergic and dopaminergic pathways. In the last few years, it has been hypothesized that BDNF level is related with depression and sleep. Several studies show that depressive subjects present low levels of BDNF in the brain. Poor sleep quality is also related with alterations in the BDNF concentration. Some authors argue that mos...
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - January 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

The Effects of "VelaMente?!" Project on Social Functioning of People With Severe Psychosocial Disabilities.
Conclusions: When compared to more traditional rehabilitative activities that are usually carried out in mental health services, a psychosocial rehabilitative intervention based on sailing in a crew significantly improve the social functioning of people with severe psychosocial disabilities. PMID: 29299045 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - January 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Personality and Neurocognition Among the American Elderly: An Epidemiologic Study.
Conclusion: Extraversion, Conscientiousness and Openness personality traits are associated with good cognitive health. Individuals scoring high in Neuroticism and Agreeableness might benefit from tailored cognitive interventions to prevent age-related cognitive decline. PMID: 29299046 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - January 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

The Sardinian Puzzle: Concentration of Major Psychoses and Suicide in the Same Sub-Regions Across One Century.
Conclusion: The present study confirms the peculiar geographical distribution of major psychoses and suicide in Sardinia. The two phenomena appear to have been correlated for as long as one century. PMID: 29299047 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - January 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Affective Changes During Cognitive Behavioural Therapy-As Measured by PANAS.
Authors: Saxon L, Henriksson S, Kvarnström A, Hiltunen AJ Abstract Background: Previous researches have indicated that self-reported positive affect and negative affect is changing in a healthy direction during Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine how affective personality is related to psychopathology before and after CBT. Method: A group of clients (n = 73) was measured before and after CBT, differentiated by their problem areas at pre-therapy (i.e., depressive, anxious and mixed). Results: After therapy, clients experienced higher positive affect (p
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - January 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

The Role of Physical Activity on Mood State and Functional Skills of Elderly Women.
Authors: Monteiro-Junior RS, Rodrigues VD, Campos C, Paes F, Murillo-Rodriguez E, Maranhão-Neto GA, Machado S Abstract Introduction: Ageing is associated with several physical, psychological and behavioral changes. These changes are closely related with global health and functional capacity in the elderly. Mood disturbances are common among the elderly and may significantly increase apathy, resulting in decreased habitual physical activity levels. Materials and Methods: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the mood state and functional motor capacities of elderly women engaged in a p...
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - December 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Modulatory Effect of Association of Brain Stimulation by Light and Binaural Beats in Specific Brain Waves.
Conclusion: The results may receive and provide support to a range of studies examining brain modulation and synaptic plasticity. Also, it was emphasized in the results discussion that there was the possibility of the technique serving as an accessory instrument to alternative brain therapies. PMID: 29238390 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - December 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Functional Impairment and Painful Physical Symptoms in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder Treated with Antidepressants: Real-World Evidence from the Middle East.
Authors: Hong J, Novick D, Moneta MV, El-Shafei A, Dueñas H, Haro JM Abstract Background: The Global Burden of Disease 2010 study reported the relative size of major depressive disorder (MDD) burden to be greater in the Middle East and North Africa than anywhere else. However, little research has been carried out to examine the comparative effectiveness of antidepressants in this region. Objective: To assess and compare functioning levels in Middle Eastern patients with MDD treated with either duloxetine or a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), and to examine the impacts of depression-related ...
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - December 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Risk for Depression, Burnout and Low Quality of Life Among Personnel of a University Hospital in Italy is a Consequence of the Impact One Economic Crisis in the Welfare System?
Authors: Carta MG, Preti A, Portoghese I, Pisanu E, Moro D, Pintus M, Pintus E, Perra A, D'Oca S, Atzeni M, Campagna M, Pascolo EF, Sancassiani F, Finco G, D'Aloja E, Grassi L Abstract Background: Research literature suggests that burnout, depression, and a low mental quality of life (QOL) are common among health care workers. Economic crisis might have increased the burden of burnout, depression and low QOL in health care workers. Objectives: To identify depression risk, burnout levels, and quality of life in a sample of workers of an Italian university hospital. Method: Cross sectional study with comparis...
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - December 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Influence of Severe Carotid Stenosis on Cognition, Depressive Symptoms and Quality of Life.
Conclusion: In summary, our findings indicate that severe CAS could play a role in cognitive decline. Further studies should be conducted using larger patient cohorts without ischemic brain lesions and with balanced vascular risk profiles to investigate impact of CAS on cognition. There was no association between severe CAS and depressive symptoms in the present study. As patients with severe CAS did not exhibit physical symptoms, HRQoL was better for those patients than for patients with lower extremity PAD. PMID: 29238393 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - December 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Physical Exercise As Stabilizer For Alzheimer'S Disease Cognitive Decline: Current Status.
Conclusion: Therefore, it is suggested that physical exercise is an important neuroprotective modulator, bringing significant control of the disease and amplifying brain functions. PMID: 29238394 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - December 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Cognitive Dysfunction in Asian Patients with Depression (CogDAD): A Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Manit S, Yee Ming M, Yen Kuang Y, Herng-Nieng C, Constantine D D, Zuraida ZN, Stephen J, Nurmiati A, Pranabi K Abstract Background: Cognitive dysfunction is a predominant symptom of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), contributing to functional impairment. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to assess and describe perceived cognitive dysfunction amongst Asian patients diagnosed with MDD. The secondary objective was to explore the associations between depression severity, perceived cognitive dysfunction and functional disability. Methods: This was a multi-country, multi-centre, cross-sec...
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - December 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

"VelaMente?!" - Sailin in a Crew to Improve Self-Efficacy in People with Psychosocial Disabilities: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Conclusion: When compared to more traditional psychosocial rehabilitative activities, an intervention focused on sailing in a crew positively impacts the sense of coherence and the levels of quality of life and significantly improves self-efficacy of people with severe psychosocial disabilities. Further longitudinal research is required. PMID: 29238396 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - December 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Relationship Among Physical Activity Level, Mood and Anxiety States and Quality of Life in Physical Education Students.
CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that the rise in LTPA was related to an increase in HRQL and MS. However, PAL was positively related to anxiety. PMID: 29081825 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - October 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Antipsychotic Use Pattern in Schizophrenia Outpatients: Correlates of Polypharmacy.
CONCLUSION: The rate of polypharmacy use is high in Turkey. There are multiple risk factors related with polipharmacy. New studies should focus risk factors for preventing polypharmacy. PMID: 29081826 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - October 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Study of Genetic Association With DCDC2 and Developmental Dyslexia in Hong Kong Chinese Children.
CONCLUSION: Despite early findings that DCDC2 is a strong candidate for developmental dyslexia and that some of the genetic variants have been linked to brain structure and functions, our findings showed that DCDC2 is not strongly associated with dyslexia. PMID: 29081827 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - October 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Cognitive Performance in Euthymic Patients with Bipolar Disorder vs Healthy Controls: A Neuropsychological Investigation.
Authors: Palazzo MC, Arici C, Cremaschi L, Cristoffanini M, Dobrea C, Dell'Osso B, Altamura AC Abstract OBJECTIVES: Cognitive impairment may affect patients with Bipolar Disorder (BD) beyond the acute episodes, qualifying as a potential endophenotype. However, which cognitive domains are specifically affected in euthymic patients with BD and the potential influence of confounding factors (e.g., age and concomitant pharmacological treatment) are still a matter of debate. The present study was, therefore, conducted to assess cognitive performance across specific domains in euthymic bipolar patients, not older than 50...
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - September 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Detecting and Managing Mental Health Issues within Young Adults. A Systematic Review on College Counselling in Italy.
CONCLUSION: This review is a contribution to disseminate the results of counselling experiences in Italy and represents an effort to encourage colleagues working in a web environment to share results and methods for a more organized protocol application. PMID: 28839455 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Predicting Factors of Depression, Antidepressant Use and Positive Response to Antidepressants in Perinatal and Postpartum Women.
CONCLUSION: The group of those with social-economic disadvantages was more likely to be on antidepressants for PND/PPD. Illicit drug users were less likely to show improvement with antidepressants. The safety and efficacy of antidepressant use during this period is controversial. More studies need to focus on the barriers involving antidepressant treatments, the safety and outcomes of antidepressants for PND/PPD management. PMID: 28761500 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - August 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Bupropion Maintenance Treatment in Refractory Bipolar Depression: A Case Report.
CONCLUSION: Noradrenergic/dopaminergic mechanisms of action may play a more prominent role in bipolar depression, and may still be underused as a therapeutic strategy in the acute phase as well as in long-term maintenance in at least a subgroup of bipolar patients. There is still a lack of evidence from RCTs, but this case report further supports antidepressant long-term continuation and the usefulness of a noradrenergic/dopaminergic antidepressant in the acute and maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder. PMID: 28659991 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - July 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Hypertension and Risk of Post-Operative Cognitive Dysfunction (POCD): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSION: Our findings do not support the hypothesis that hypertension is a risk factor for POCD. However, since none of the studies included in our analysis were hypothesis-driven and most did not adjust for potential confounders, further systematic investigations are needed to evaluate the role of hypertension in the epidemiology of POCD. PMID: 28603544 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - June 14, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Moderate Depression Promotes Posttraumatic Growth (Ptg): A Young Population Survey 2 Years after the 2009 L'Aquila Earthquake.
CONCLUSION: In a post-traumatic setting, the development of individual cognitive strategies is crucial, whereas after a natural disaster, paradoxically, a moderate depressive condition and the related distress could promote the drive to overcome the psychological consequences of the traumatic event. PMID: 28458716 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - May 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Child and Adolescent Behavior Inventory (CABI): Standardization for Age 6-17 Years and First Clinical Application.
CONCLUSION: The study obtained normative data for the CABI and gave information of the behavioral differences in relation to age and gender of the school population as evaluated by parents/caregivers. Clinically, the CABI provided useful information for the clinical evaluation of the patient, sometimes with better agreement with the final diagnosis compared to the CBCL. PMID: 28458717 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - May 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Does the "Silver Bullet" Lose its Shine Over the Time? Assessment of Loss of Lithium Response in a Preliminary Sample of Bipolar Disorder Outpatients.
CONCLUSION: Although intrinsic limitations of the present preliminary assessment hamper the validity and generalizability of overall results, stating the clinical relevance of the topic further prospective research is warranted. The eventual occurrence of lithium refractoriness may indeed be associated with peculiar course trajectories and therapeutic outcomes ultimately urging the prescribing clinicians to put efforts in preserving maintenance of BD in the absence of any conclusive research insight on the matter. PMID: 28217142 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - February 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Quality of Life of Sardinian Immigrants in Buenos Aires and of People Living in Italy and Sardinia: Does the Kind of Care have a Role for People with Depression?
CONCLUSION: The study found that in a sample of Sardinian immigrants in Buenos Aires the impact of a mood disorder affects QoL more incisively than in Sardinians residing in Sardinia. The suggested hypothesis of a possible role of beliefs guiding the search for treatments will be verified in future studies. PMID: 28217143 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - February 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Nursing Staff Members Mental's Health and Factors Associated with the Work Process: An Integrative Review.
CONCLUSION: Occupational nurses need to understand the complexities of mental health problems and substance use among nursing staff members to recognize, identify and care for workers at risk and offer adequate mental health care. Although the researches interests in this theme have increased, proving that all these factors contribute to the risk to mental health of nursing professionals, the protective measures and care are being neglected by managers in both private and public network . The health of nursing workers in question here is one more challenge for a profession that takes care of others in need, therefore, requ...
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - February 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Relationship Among Body Image, Anthropometric Parameters and Mental Health in Physical Education Students.
CONCLUSION: BID was high and it seems to be influenced by anthropometric measures related to the amount and distribution of body fat. This dissatisfaction may have a negative effect on the quality of life and mood state of young adults. PMID: 28217145 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - February 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Mindfulness for Health-Related Quality of Life: Comparing Treatments for Parents of Children with Chronic Conditions - A Pilot Feasibility Study.
CONCLUSION: The study concludes that CBT and mindfulness may have a positive effect on areas of HRQOL and life satisfaction. PMID: 28217146 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health)
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - February 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research