In Response to: American Professional Football Concussions During the 2013 to 2014 Season
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Patient Participation Approach to Reduction of Anterior Shoulder Dislocation: P-R-I-M/O-Y-E-S
This article proposes to integrate a patient-centered participation approach to the reduction of anterior shoulder dislocation as a way to optimize muscular relaxation nonpharmacologically. It can be used in the field in combination with the practitioner's reduction technique of choice. It minimizes risks because it entails no deep pharmacological sedation. The mnemonic P-R-I-M/O-Y-E-S is used to respectively represent the four phases: Preparation, Rehearsal, Intervention, and Mobilization as well as the 4 repeated steps in each phase of the procedure: Observe, Yield control, Explain, and Support. The focus is on (1) secur...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Practical Management Source Type: research

Custom-Made Foot Orthoses Decrease Medial Foot Loading During Drop Jump in Individuals With Patellofemoral Pain
Conclusions: This preliminary study showed that foot orthoses were associated with a decrease in medially directed foot loading among individuals with PFP. Individuals, who have an immediate decrease in the medial-to-lateral peak force after fitting the orthoses, were more likely to report improvements after 12 weeks of use. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Combative Sports Injuries: An Edmonton Retrospective
We examined the incidence and types of injuries sustained in MMA fights and compared this with injuries sustained in boxing matches. Design: Consecutive Case Series. Setting: We used data from post-fight medical examinations on all bouts in Edmonton, Canada, between 2000 and 2013. Participants: The participants were 1181 MMA competitors and 550 boxers. Main Outcome Measures: The attending physician conducted a mandatory post-fight examination of all fighters and documented the nature of injuries sustained. Results: Boxers were significantly more likely not to experience injury (49.8% vs 59.4%, P
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Cardiorespiratory Exertion While Playing Video Game Exercises in Elderly Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes
Conclusions: Video gaming has the potential to offer training intensities that concur with established guidelines for type 2 diabetic patients. The training intensity is self-adjusting based on fitness level allowing for an effective workout for different users. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Concussed or Not? An Assessment of Concussion Experience and Knowledge Within Elite and Semiprofessional Rugby Union
Conclusions: Several role-specific misconceptions and deficiencies in concussion knowledge were identified and should be targeted through education. Medical staff had the highest level of concussion knowledge and were the preferred sources of education for players and coaches. Therefore, they are encouraged to play a greater role in providing concussion education. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Incidence and Prevalence of Acute Kidney Injury During Multistage Ultramarathons
Objective: Determine prevalence, incidence, and risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) during multistage ultramarathons. Design: Prospective observational cohort study. Setting: Jordanian Desert 2012; Atacama Desert, Chile 2012 and 2013; and Gobi Desert 2013 RacingThePlanet 250 km, 6-stage, ultramarathons. Participants: One hundred twenty-eight participants (384 measurements) from the Jordan (25, 19.5%), Gobi (35, 27.3%), 2012 Atacama (24, 18.8%), and 2013 Atacama (44, 34.4%) races. Interventions: Blood samples and weights were gathered and analyzed immediately after stage 1 (40 km), 3 (120 km), and 5 (225 km). Mai...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Similar Prevalence of Acetabular Labral Tear in Professional Ballet Dancers and Sporting Participants
Objective: To compare the prevalence of acetabular labral tear in male and female professional ballet dancers with age-matched and sex-matched sporting participants and to determine the relationship to clinical findings and cartilage defects. Design: Case–control study. Setting: Clinical and radiology practices. Participants: Forty-nine (98 hips) male and female professional ballet dancers (current and retired) with median age 30 years (range: 19-64 years) and 49 (98 hips) age-matched and sex-matched sporting participants. Independent Variables: Group (ballet or sports), sex, age, hip cartilage defects, history o...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Sonoelastography of the Achilles Tendon: Prevalence and Prognostic Value Among Asymptomatic Elite Australian Rules Football Players
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of sonographic abnormalities at the mid-Achilles tendon among a cohort of asymptomatic professional football players and to determine whether these sonographic abnormalities predict midportion Achilles tendon symptoms. Design: Longitudinal study. Setting: A single competitive season in the Australian Rules Football League. Participants: Forty-two elite Australian Rules football players. Main Outcome Measures: Using ultrasound and sonoelastography, 42 players were examined at baseline and again 9 months later (postseason) for the existence of intratendinous hypoechogenicity, dela...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

A School-Based Injury Prevention Program to Reduce Sport Injury Risk and Improve Healthy Outcomes in Youth: A Pilot Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: A NMT program in junior high school PE class was efficacious in reducing sport-related injury and improving measures of adiposity and fitness in the intervention group. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Clinical Utility of a Concussion Rebaseline Protocol After Concussion Recovery
Objective: To evaluate the clinical utility of “rebaseline” testing (ie, new baseline) before the season after an athlete's concussion recovery by (1) determining differences between baseline and rebaseline scores, and (2) comparing differences to clinical reliable change indices (RCIs). Design: Retrospective cohort. Setting: Clinical research center. Patients: Thirty-four Division I collegiate athletes (16 females, 18 males; baseline age = 18.38 ± 0.78 years). Interventions: Neurocognitive, balance, and symptom testing was conducted at 3 times: (1) original baseline, (2) final postinjury before retu...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Acute Effects of Vitamin D3 Supplementation on Muscle Strength in Judoka Athletes: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Trial
Conclusions: A single bolus of 150 000IU vitamin D3 had a significant positive effect on serum 25(OH)D levels and muscle function in vitamin D insufficient elite indoor athletes. Clinical Relevance: Serum 25(OH)D3 levels of indoor athletes should be monitored throughout the year and especially during winter months. Beneficial responses, in muscle strength and serum 25(OH)D3, to 1 dose of vitamin D3 supplementation can be observed within 1 week of ingestion. Muscle strength is linked to serum 25(OH)D levels. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Prophylactic Valacyclovir to Prevent Outbreaks of Primary Herpes Gladiatorum at a 28-Day Wrestling Camp: A 10-Year Review
Conclusions: Prophylactic use of valacyclovir 1 g once a day is efficacious in lowering the incidence of HSV outbreaks among adolescents at a 28-day wrestling camp. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Return to Sport After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in the Skeletally Immature Athlete
Conclusions: After undergoing ACL reconstruction, most child athletes are able to return to sports and 50% of these athletes return within 9 months after surgery. Clinical Relevance: After undergoing ACL reconstruction, 96% of athletes ≤14 year old are able to return to sports at the same skill level. Median time to return to sports was 9 months postoperative, with most athletes returning to sports (85%) by 12 months. In our study, patients cited physical limitation, loss of interest in sport, and fear of reinjury as reasons for not returning to previous level of sport. Return to sport may be improved by additional res...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Physical Activity Prescription: A Critical Opportunity to Address a Modifiable Risk Factor for the Prevention and Management of Chronic Disease: A Position Statement by the Canadian Academy of Sport and Exercise Medicine
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Position Statement Source Type: research

2016 CASEM Injury Prevention Podium Presentations
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

2016 CASEM Injury Prevention Poster Presentations
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

2016 CASEM Podium Presentations
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

2016 CASEM Poster Presentations
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Pregame Sore Throat, Postgame Intensive Care Unit
Abstract: A collegiate football athlete presented, on game day, with an acute onset of sore throat. He was afebrile, speaking in full sentences, without signs of respiratory distress. His examination was negative for lymphadenopathy or tonsillar enlargement or exudate. Twelve hours after initial presentation, he developed acute epiglottitis. He underwent urgent fiberoptic intubation and was empirically treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics and corticosteroids. Currently, there are no published reports of acute epiglottitis in athletes. Consequently, there is no evidence to guide return to play decisions. Return to play, ...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Clay-Shoveler Fracture in a Paddler: A Case Report
Abstract: Clay-shoveler fracture is a fracture of the spinous process of lower cervical and upper thoracic vertebrae. It has only rarely been reported as being caused by an overuse sports injury. This case report describes the first reported clay-shoveler fracture in a paddler. A 51-year-old male paddler, preparing for a paddling adventure over 630 km, felt a click and a sharp pain paravertebrally on the level of the upper thoracic vertebrae while paddling. Sonar investigation did not reveal any muscular injury but computed tomography revealed a fracture of the spinous process of T1. In this case, it is a stress injury due...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Noncontact Ankle Injuries in Amateur Male Soccer Players: A Prospective Cohort Study
Objective: To determine whether nonmodifiable and modifiable risk factors [ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM), lower limb power output, and balance], as identified in preseason screening, predict the risk of sustaining a noncontact ankle injury in amateur male soccer players during the training and competitive season. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Amateur soccer competition (club and area representative teams). Participants: Amateur soccer players (n = 210) aged ≥15 years. Assessment of Risk Factors (Independent Variables): Height, weight, ankle dorsiflexion ROM, power (vertical jump) and balance ...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Shoe and Field Surface Risk Factors for Acute Lower Extremity Injuries Among Female Youth Soccer Players
Conclusions: Half of the acute lower extremity injuries affected the ankle or knee. Grass surface and wearing cleats on grass increased training injuries. Clinical Relevance: The majority, 64%, of female youth soccer players' acute injuries involve the ankle and knee and injury prevention strategies in this age group should target these areas. When considering playing surfaces for training, communities and soccer organizations should consider the third-generation artificial turf a safe alternative to grass. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effects of Competition Rule Changes on the Incidence of Head Kicks and Possible Concussions in Taekwondo
Conclusions: Overall, the frequency of HKs seems to have increased compared with matches before 2009. A sharp increase in the numbers of HKs is evident among the elite female athletes. To prevent receiving an HK, updated game strategies such as training for blocking skills, and safety guidelines for HKs, or revisions to rules are needed. Clinical Relevance: The recent changes to competition rules promoting the use of HKs may have resulted in an increasing frequency of HKs compared with research findings before these changes. Multiple HKs occur frequently in S-TKD; care needs to be taken to avoid possible acute/chronic con...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Update and Overview of Spinal Injuries in Canadian Ice Hockey, 1943 to 2011: The Continuing Need for Injury Prevention and Education
Conclusions: Current data for 2006 to 2011 indicate that spinal injuries in ice hockey continue to occur, although still at lower rates than the peak years 1982 to 1995. It is imperative to continue educating players and team officials about spinal injury prevention and to reinforce the rules against checking or pushing from behind to reduce the incidence of these serious injuries. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Relationship Between Short Sleep Duration and Preseason Concussion Testing
Conclusions: Poor sleep the night before baseline or postinjury testing may be an important confound when assessing postconcussion symptoms. Girls may be more vulnerable to experiencing and reporting symptoms following insufficient sleep. Clinical Relevance: Clinicians should routinely ask how the athlete slept the night before preseason baseline testing and consider deferring the symptom assessment or later retesting athletes who slept poorly. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Investigating the Feasibility and Utility of Bedside Balance Technology Acutely After Pediatric Concussion: A Pilot Study
Conclusions: A simple test on the WBB consisting of a 2-legged standing balance task with eyes open discriminated children with concussion from non-head-injured controls. The low cost and feasibility of this device make it a potentially viable tool for assessing postural stability in children with concussion for both longitudinal research studies and clinical care. Clinical Relevance: These pilot data suggest that the WBB is an inexpensive tool that can be used on the sideline or in the outpatient setting to objectively identify and quantify postural instability. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Frog-Leg Test Maneuver for the Diagnosis of Injuries to the Posterolateral Corner of the Knee: A Diagnostic Accuracy Study
Conclusions: Examiners were able to identify posterolateral corner injuries and differentiate injured from uninjured knees using the frog-leg test, which could potentially be used as an ancillary tool to the varus stress test in diagnosing injuries to the posterolateral corner of the knee. Larger studies are needed to confirm our findings. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Hip Strength Testing of Soccer Players With Long-Standing Hip and Groin Pain: What are the Clinical Implications of Pain During Testing?
Conclusions: Self-reported pain during testing does not seem to correlate with the majority of hip muscle strength tests used in soccer players with long-standing hip and groin pain. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

High School Football Players' Knowledge and Attitudes About Concussions
Conclusions: Despite having knowledge about the symptoms and danger of concussions, many HS football athletes in our sample did not have a positive attitude toward reporting symptoms or abstaining from play after a concussion. Clinical Relevance: Physicians should be aware that young athletes may not report concussion symptoms. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Climbing Has a Positive Impact on Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: Climbing may be an effective and low-cost therapy option for people with chronic low back pain. Clinical Relevance: Low back pain is a very common disease but still a challenge to treat. Therapy strategies vary from conservative ones, pharmacological treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and weak opioids, to invasive treatment with acupuncture, injections, and operative reconstruction. Some can be costly and not without risks. For instance, many people who use NSAIDs are at risk of common side effects such as gastrointestinal complications (irritation, ulcers, and bleeding) that may le...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Three-Year Outcome After a 1-Month Physiotherapy Program of Local and Individualized Global Treatment for Patellofemoral Pain Followed by Self-Management
Objective: The main aim of this study was to assess whether improvements after a 1-month patellofemoral pain (PFP) program addressing local and global deficits were maintained for 3 years. Design: This prospective cohort study comprised 4 treatment phases including a randomized trial during week 1. Setting: The study was conducted in a private physiotherapy practice. Patients: Thirty-seven patients (55 knees) from an original cohort of 41 patients (60 knees) with PFP were followed for 3 years after referral by doctors to participate in this study. Interventions: Patients received 4 treatments: local treatment focusing ...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Complications and Adverse Events of a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing 3 Graft Types for ACL Reconstruction
Conclusions: Overall, ACL reconstructive surgery is safe. Major complications were uncommon. Secondary surgery was necessary 7.3% of the time for complications/adverse events (excluding graft reinjury or revisions) within the first 2 years. Level of Evidence: Level 1 (therapeutic studies). Clinical Relevance: This article reports on the complications/adverse events that were prospectively identified up to 2 years postoperatively, in a defined patient population participating in a large double-blind randomized clinical trial comparing PT, single-bundle hamstring, and DB hamstring reconstructions for ACL rupture. (Source: ...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Physical Activity and Risk of Lung Cancer: A Meta-analysis
Conclusions: Pooled results from observational studies support a protective effect of PA against lung cancer. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: General Review Source Type: research

Research Podium Presentations
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

AMSSM Research Abstract Oral Poster Presentations
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Final 2016 AMSSM Case Abstracts
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Superficial Vein Thrombophlebitis in a Football Athlete
Abstract: A 22-year-old professional football player presented to a preparticipation physical examination with a 2-week history of left leg discomfort extending from the groin to the knee over the previous 2 weeks. He was found to have superficial vein thrombophlebitis (SVT) of the left great saphenous vein extending from the knee to within approximately 1.6 cm of the saphenofemoral junction. There is paucity in the literature regarding the management of SVT, particularly in actively training athletes. This case addresses the considerations of anticoagulation management for SVT as well as the unique challenge of managing a...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Effects of 100-km Ultramarathon on Acute Kidney Injury: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Effect of Ankle Positioning During Hamstring Stretches for Improving Straight Leg Hip Flexion Motion
Objective: To compare the effects of stretching the hamstrings with the ankle in either a plantar-flexed (PF) or dorsiflexed (DF) position for improving straight leg hip flexion range of motion (ROM) over a 4-week period. Design: Randomized, single-blinded, pretest, posttest design. Setting: Athletic training facility. Participants: Each limb of 34 asymptomatic individuals (15 males, 19 females) was randomly assigned to one of the 3 groups. Twenty-four limbs received hamstring stretches with the ankle in DF, 24 limbs received hamstring stretches with the ankle in PF, and 20 limbs received no stretch (control). Independ...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Differential Sensitivity Between a Virtual Reality Balance Module and Clinically Used Concussion Balance Modalities
Conclusions: The VR balance module has high sensitivity and specificity for detecting subacute balance deficits after concussive injury. Clinical Relevance: The VR balance has a high subacute sensitivity and specificity as a stand-alone balance assessment tool and may detect ongoing balance deficits not readily detectable by the Balance Error Scoring System or Sensory Organization Test. Virtual reality balance modules may be a beneficial addition to the current clinical concussion diagnostic battery. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Plantar Loading During an Unanticipated Side Cut on FieldTurf
Objective: To determine whether force–time integral (FTI) and maximum force (MF) are significantly different between genders when performing an unanticipated side cut on FieldTurf. Design: Thirty-two collegiate athletes (16 men and 16 women) completed 12 unanticipated cutting trials, while plantar pressure data were recorded using Pedar-X insoles. Setting: Controlled Laboratory Study. Participants: Division I cleated sport athletes with no previous foot and ankle surgery, no history of lower extremity injury in the past 6 months, and no history of metatarsal stress fracture. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Mea...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Comparisons of Bone Mineral Density Between Recreational and Trained Male Road Cyclists
Objective: To compare measures of training, performance, body composition, and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) between age-matched recreational and competitively trained male road cyclists. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Laboratory. Participants: Male cyclists (N = 28) aged 21–54 years riding more than 3 hours per week. Assessment of Risk Factors: Men who train at high (≥8 h/wk) and moderate volumes (3–8 h/wk). Main Outcome Measures: Areal bone mineral density assessments by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry of the whole body, lumbar spine (L1-L4), right and left hips, maximal oxygen uptake (V[Combi...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Pharmacogenetic Effects of Inhaled Salbutamol on 10-km Time Trial Performance in Competitive Male and Female Cyclists
Objective: To determine the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the adrenergic β2-receptor gene (ADRB2, rs1042713, and rs1042714) and epithelial Na+ channel gene (SCNN1A, rs2228576) on cycling performance after the inhalation of salbutamol. Design: Randomized double-blind, mixed-model repeated measures. Setting: University Research Setting. Participants: Sixty-nine trained (maximal oxygen consumption: 62.3 ± 7.6 mL·kg−1·min−1) male and female cyclists, aged 19 to 40 years. Interventions: Participants performed two 10-km time trials 60 minutes after the inhalation o...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Dietary Supplements: Knowledge and Adverse Event Reporting Among American Medical Society for Sports Medicine Physicians
Conclusions: Our results indicate that some AMSSM physicians are familiar with DSs and have encountered adverse events associated with their use. However, reporting of these adverse events to the appropriate agency is minimal at best. The significant gaps in physician knowledge regarding how and where to report such events indicate a need to educate physicians on this subject. Clinical Relevance: The findings of this survey indicate the need for provider education on reporting adverse events associated with DS use. Although reporting of adverse events is essential for removing harmful DSs from the market, a majority of ph...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Visual Defects in Special Olympics Participants From Europe
Conclusions: The impact of vision on sports activity in athletes with ID is significant. More needs to be done to ensure good vision and safety correction for active people with ID. Better provision and greater awareness of eye care in people with ID is needed in all European societies. Clinical Relevance: Data presented highlight the need for increased awareness of the role of vision in sporting achievements, personal development, and quality of life in active people with ID. Athletes with ID should have easily accessible comprehensive eye care, and when appropriate, corrective and protective glasses. This will require t...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Mouthguard Use and Awareness of Junior Rugby League Players in the Gold Coast, Australia: A Need for More Education
Conclusions: Education related to the correct use of mouthguards and the management of TDIs should be ongoing for players, their caregivers, and their coaches and should be required as part of the training of coaches to prevent injury in rugby league. Clinical Relevance: This study found that although the overwhelming majority of junior rugby league coaches encourage the wearing of mouthguards, only two-thirds of the players do so. Players' compliance to wear mouthguards is largely influenced by their perception of efficacy and its comfort. Educational campaigns with involvement of dental practitioners, related to the cor...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Multiple Self-Reported Concussions Are More Prevalent in Athletes With ADHD and Learning Disability
Conclusions: Neurodevelopmental disorders and concussion history should be jointly considered in evaluating concussed players. Clinical Relevance: Clinical judgments of self-reported symptoms and cognitive performance should be adjusted based on athletes' individual preinjury baselines or comparison with appropriate normative samples. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Return to Learning After a Concussion and Compliance With Recommendations for Cognitive Rest
Conclusions: We detected a wide variability in compliance of schools and school nurses with national recommendations for cognitive rest. Clinical Relevance: Ensuring that schools have policies established for a student's return to learning, having specific guidelines to provide an individualized approach to return to learning based on postconcussion signs/symptoms, training school nurses in the recognition and management of concussions, and involving school nurses in the re-entry process are identified areas for improvement. Schools in the United States should be aware of these recommendations to guide a student's postcon...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Surgical Decompression of Exertional Compartment Syndrome of the Forearm in Professional Motorcycling Racers: Comparative Long-term Results of Wide-Open Versus Mini-Open Fasciotomy
Objective: To compare the long-term results of 2 surgical techniques for forearm chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) in professional motorcycling racers and to study a new diagnostic variable for CECS, TRest. Design: Retrospective case series. Level of evidence: 4. Setting: University Hospital. Participants: Thirty-four patients identified from a surgical database who had been operated on for upper-limb CECS. Interventions: The purpose of the study was to report and compare the long-term results of 2 surgical techniques using fasciotomies [wide-open fasciotomy (WOF) versus mini-open fasciotomy (MOF)] for for...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research