Can KAATSU Exercise Cause Rhabdomyolysis?
Abstract: In recent years, there has been increasing interest in using low-load resistance exercise in combination with a reduction in blood flow to promote muscle adaptation (ie, blood flow–restricted exercise or KAATSU exercise). There has been 1 case study reported in the literature of this type of exercise resulting in exertional rhabdomyolysis, and herein, we report the second case of exertional rhabdomyolysis. In this case, a 20-year-old man performed 6 sets of blood flow–restricted exercise (3 sets of knee-extension and 3 sets of elbow-flexion exercise). The subject presented with high levels of delayed ...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Use of Head Guards in AIBA Boxing Tournaments—A Cross-Sectional Observational Study
Conclusions: Removing head guards may reduce the already small risk of acute brain injury in amateur boxing. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Doping Status of DHEA Treatment for Female Athletes with Adrenal Insufficiency
Conclusions: Because there is no convincing clinical evidence to support the use of DHEA replacement therapy in women with adrenal failure, a TUE for DHEA is not justified by definite health benefit for either secondary or primary adrenal failure. This is consistent with the 2014 update of the US Endocrine Society guidelines, meta-analyses of DHEA treatment in women with or without adrenal failure, current WADA TUE guidance document for adrenal insufficiency and recent case law of WADA's Court of Arbitration for Sport. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: General Review Source Type: research

Bone Structure and Geometric Properties at the Radius and Tibia in Adolescent Endurance-Trained Cyclists
Objective: To describe cortical and trabecular volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), bone mineral content (BMC), cross-sectional area (CSA), and bone strength indexes (BSIs) in adolescent endurance-trained cyclists (CYC) and compare them with controls (CON). Design: Descriptive cohort study. Participants: Twenty-five male adolescent CYC and 17 CON. Assessment of Risk Factors: Peripheral quantitative computed tomography was used to evaluate proximal and distal sites of the radius and tibia. Main Outcome Measures: Total, trabecular, and cortical BMC, vBMD, and CSA were measured. Also, cortical thickness, endosteal and ...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Reliability Testing of the Balance Error Scoring System in Children Between the Ages of 5 and 14
Conclusions: The BESS demonstrates excellent reliability in the pediatric population without evidence of a learning effect. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Validity, Reliability, and Responsiveness of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Quality of Life Measure: A Continuation of Its Overall Validation
Conclusions: The results of this study added more validity, reliability, and responsiveness for the ACL-QOL. The ACL-QOL has completed 8 of 9 COSMIN criteria. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Epidemiology of Concussions: Number and Nature of Concussions and Time to Recovery Among Female and Male Canadian Varsity Athletes 2008 to 2011
Conclusions: The incidence of concussion across multiple sports in a Canadian varsity athlete population is of concern. There are inconsistencies found between the time an athlete claims to have no symptoms and the time of neurocognitive recovery as measured by computerized neurocognitive testing. Therefore, objective computerized testing is recommended to ensure that athletes are functionally recovered before return to play. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Injury Risk Is Increased by Changes in Perceived Recovery of Team Sport Players
Conclusions: Therefore, decreased perceived recovery can indicate an increased injury risk. General Recovery affects acute injury risk and Sport Recovery affects the risk of an overuse injury. Monitoring perceived recovery over the course of a season could give guidance for recovery enhancing practices to prevent injuries. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Collegiate Swimmers Hospitalized With Exertional Rhabdomyolysis
Conclusions: Risk factors for sER included exceptional motivation, extreme soreness, increased resting BP, acidic urine (females), and regular ingestion of protein shakes. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Impact of Patellar Tendinopathy on Knee Proprioception: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusions: Athletes with patellar tendinopathy have a diminished perception of force signals required for weight discrimination, whereas JPS remains unaffected in these athletes. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Development of a Chest Wall Protector Effective in Preventing Sudden Cardiac Death by Chest Wall Impact (Commotio Cordis)
Conclusions: Effective protection against VF with chest wall protection can be achieved in an experimental model of commotio cordis. Clinical Relevance: Chest protector designs incorporating these novel materials will likely be effective in the prevention of commotio cordis on the playing field. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Hamstring-and-Lower-Back Flexibility in Male Amateur Soccer Players
This study investigated the hamstring-and-lower-back flexibility (HLBF) of male adult amateur soccer players, using the sit-and-reach test (SRT), with a view to obtaining population-based reference values and to determining whether SRT scores are associated with player characteristics. Design: Cross-sectional cohort study. Setting: Teams from high-level Dutch amateur soccer competitions were recruited for participation. Participants: Dutch male high-level amateur field soccer players (n = 449) of age 18 to 40 years. Players with a hamstring injury at the moment of SRT-measurement or any other injury that prevented them ...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Peroneal Nerve Dysfunction due to Multiligament Knee Injury: Patient Characteristics and Comparative Outcomes After Posterior Tibial Tendon Transfer
Conclusions: Posterior tibial tendon transfer is an option to restore dorsiflexion and eliminate the need for an orthosis in patients with foot drop due to MLI. Gait analysis demonstrates a significant improvement in sagittal plane ankle kinematics after PTT transfer. The trade-off is subtle instability, highlighting the dynamic stability that the PTT provides. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Injury Prevention Exercise Programs for Professional Soccer: Understanding the Perceptions of the End-Users
Conclusions: Players and staff members in professional soccer teams strongly support the use of evidence-based IPEPs. However, perceptions vary considerably between teams regarding which exercises can prevent injuries, who holds the responsibility for injury prevention, and when preventive exercises should be performed. Enhancing the ultimate impact of IPEPs in professional soccer requires a detailed understanding of each team's specific implementation context. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Botulinum Toxin for Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome: A Case Report With 14 Month Follow-Up
We present the longest documented follow-up (14 months) of a CECS case treated with botulinum toxin injections. At 14 months follow-up, the patient reported continued pain relief and had resumed her active lifestyle without any adverse effects. Although more research is needed to optimize patient selection and treatment protocol, this case illustrates the potential for botulinum toxin as a long duration, low risk alternative treatment option for CECS. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Stress Fractures of the First Rib Related to Swinging of a Baseball Bat: Two Case Reports
Abstract: Stress fractures of the first rib are uncommon, and few reports have described the occurrence of this injury in overhead-throwing athletes. Furthermore, although there have been a few reports of first rib stress fractures on the throwing side in baseball players, fractures on the nonthrowing side are very rare. Here, we report 2 cases of first rib stress fractures on the nonthrowing side related to swinging of a baseball bat. The cause of the fractures in the present cases may have been repetitive traction and shear force on the first rib resulting from muscle exertion while swinging a bat. Conservative treatment...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Collegiate ACL Injury Rates Across 15 Sports: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System Data Update (2004-2005 Through 2012-2013)
Conclusions: Anterior cruciate ligament injury rates continue to rise in men's and women's soccer. Some sports have shown absolute increases in ACL rates, which persist even after exposure rates are taken into account. Clinical Relevance: Despite extensive research and development of prevention programs before and during the time of this study, very few sports showed a reduction in ACL injury rates in this data set. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Influence of Age on Postconcussive Postural Control Measures and Future Implications for Assessment
Conclusions: Age significantly influences scores on common postconcussion postural control assessments. Clinical Relevance: This study demonstrates that age is a critical factor that needs to be accounted for to improve the clinical appropriateness and utility of current postconcussion postural control assessments. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Short-Term Absenteeism and Health Care Utilization Due to Lower Extremity Injuries Among Novice Runners: A Prospective Cohort Study
Conclusions: Among novice runners sustaining an RRI during a 6-week running program, over three quarters reported short-term absence from sports, whereas absence from work was very limited, and over half used professional health care. Both absence and HCU are associated with injury characteristics. Clinical Relevance: In future running promotion programs (eg in Start-to-Run programs), specific attention should be paid to acute injuries and to muscle–tendon injuries in the ankle/foot region. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

A Normative Dataset of the Balance Error Scoring System in Children Aged Between 5 and 14
Objective: Pediatric head injuries occur commonly and are being reported in increasing numbers. Balance testing is a key component in the evaluation of suspected concussion, and the balance error scoring system (BESS) is likely the most well-known and widely used measure. To date, normative BESS scores for adults have been reported but not for children. Design: Normative data for BESS scores and modified BESS scores were created in a cohort of healthy children. Potential variables were analyzed as predictors of BESS performance. Setting: Local elementary and junior high schools. Participants: A total of 373 healthy chil...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Reliability and Validity of a Pediatric Back Outcome Measure
This study examined the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the MFS used in routine clinical assessments. Design: Retrospective Cohort Study. Setting: Pediatric sports medicine specialty clinic. Interventions: Patients presenting with a chief concern of back pain over 1 year (n = 93) were enrolled in the study. Study subjects were administered the MFS and the revised Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) at each visit as part of routine clinical care. Main Outcome Measures: Reliability of the MFS was assessed by calculating Cronbach alpha (α). Concurrent validity was determined by measuring Spearman coefficien...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Asymptomatic Knees in Collegiate Basketball Players: The Effect of One Season of Play
Conclusions: A high prevalence of abnormal knee MRI findings was observed in a population of asymptomatic young elite athletes. These preliminary data suggest that high-intensity basketball may have potentially deleterious effects on articular cartilage. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Single-Leg Squat as a Tool to Evaluate Young Athletes' Frontal Plane Knee Control
Conclusions: This study suggests that by using the subjective assessment of the single-leg squat task, it is possible to detect differences in frontal plane knee control in young team sport athletes. The assessment can be considered to be reliable for clinical use when performed by an experienced tester. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

No Effect of Acupuncture in the Relief of Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: Acupuncture was not effective in the treatment of DOMS. From a mechanistic point of view, these results have implications for further studies: (1) considering the high-threshold mechanosensitive nociceptors of the muscle, the cutoff for PPT (5 kg/cm2) chosen to avoid bruising might have led to ceiling effects; (2) the traditional acupuncture regimen, targeting muscle pain, might have been inappropriate as the DOMS mechanisms seem limited to the muscular unit and its innervation. Therefore, a regionally based regimen including an intensified intramuscular needling (dry needling) should be tested in future studi...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Ultrasound-Guided Radiofrequency Denervation of the Medial Calcaneal Nerve
Objective: Plantar fasciosis is a common complaint of athletes, particularly for runners. The medial calcaneal nerve (MCN) may play a role in the pain syndrome, and radiofrequency (RF) denervation has been previously reported. The hypothesis is that ultrasound-guided denervation of the MCN results in symptomatic improvement. Design: Retrospective cohort. Setting: Private practice. Patients: Twenty-nine patients previously receiving ultrasound-guided RF denervation of the MCN, having failed conservative therapy, were assessed in 2 groups, those more than (group 1, n = 16) or less than (group 2, n = 13) 6 months since the...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Physical Activity and Gastric Cancer Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests a protective effect of physical activity regarding gastric cancer risk, especially in Asian populations. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Physical Exam Risk Factors for Lower Extremity Injury in High School Athletes: A Systematic Review
The objectives of this study are: (1) identify clinical assessment tools demonstrated to effectively determine lower extremity injury risk in a prospective setting, and (2) critically assess the methodological quality of prospective lower extremity risk assessment studies that use these tools. Data Sources: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, CINAHL, UptoDate, Google Scholar, Cochrane Reviews, and SportDiscus. Inclusion criteria were prospective injury risk assessment studies involving athletes primarily ages 13 to 19 that used screening methods that did not require highly specialized equipment. Methodological qu...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - October 31, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Critical Review Source Type: research

A Rare Case of Quadratus Femoris Muscle Rupture After Yoga Exercises
We present a case of a female patient with left groin pain after intense yoga exercises. The patient presented abnormal pattern of gait with no swelling over the groin, thigh, or buttock. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a tear of the quadratus femoris muscle with an associated extensive hematoma formation. Patient was treated with a rehabilitation program consisting of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and physiotherapy. At the follow-up control, the patient had improved her pain and flexibility of the hip, and gradually she returned to daily activities and yoga exercises. Such an entity is a rare cause of hip p...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Hamstring Injury After Swimming in a Patient With Multiple Hereditary Osteochondromatosis
Abstract: Reported here is a 20-year-old male suffered a hamstring strain after a prolonged bout of swimming. After ultrasound imaging, the patient's injury was considered to be the result of nearby osteochondromas. Case reports have been previously published concerning anterior cruciate ligament injury, rotator cuff tears, subacromial impingement, or femoroacetabular impingement in multiple osteochondromatosis. However, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a hamstring injury secondary to an osteochondroma. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Blood and Urinary Abnormalities Induced During and After 24-Hour Continuous Running: A Case Report
In this reported clinical case, a healthy and well-trained male subject [aged 37 years, maximal oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max) 64 mL·kg−1·min−1] ran for 23 hours and 35 minutes covering 160 km (6.7 km/h average running speed). The analysis of hematological and biochemical parameters 3 days before the event, just after termination of exercise, and after 24 and 48 hours of recovery revealed important changes on muscle and liver function, and hemolysis. The analysis of urine sediments showed an increment of red and white blood cells filtrations, compatible with transient nephritis. After...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Superior Labral Anterior-posterior Lesions in Rock Climbers—primary Double Tenodesis?: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Errata Source Type: research

Incidence and Etiology of Sudden Cardiac Death and Arrest in High School Athletes. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Errata Source Type: research

Does Game Participation Impact Cognition and Symptoms in Elite Football Players?
Conclusions: Participation in a football game with potential cumulative head contacts did not yield increased symptoms or cognitive impairment. However, the absence of improvement in cognitive functioning in noninjured football players, which was found in those players who were returned to play after an injury, may suggest that there is a measureable impact as a result of playing football. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Increasing Incidence and Unique Clinical Characteristics of Spinning-Induced Rhabdomyolysis
Conclusion: Health care providers should be aware of the potential dangers of spinning-related rhabdomyolysis especially in otherwise healthy young people. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

A Sport Fitness Index for Assessment of Sport-Related Injury Risk
Objective: To develop and validate a concise survey that will identify athletes who possess elevated injury risk. Design: Cohort study. Setting: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I athletic program. Participants: Cohorts of 188 and 146 college athletes who participated during successive academic years. Assessment of Risk Factors: The first cohort provided responses to 4 joint-specific outcome surveys that were related to subsequent time-loss injury occurrence. Receiver operating characteristic analysis identified survey items that provided best discrimination, which were combined with a negative life ev...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Does Acute Kidney Injury From an Ultramarathon Increase the Risk for Greater Subsequent Injury?
Conclusions: Mild AKI is common in 161-km ultramarathons, but there was no evidence that previous AKI caused greater renal dysfunction from a subsequent exercise stimulus of similar magnitude. This offers some reassurance to runners and their physicians that mild to moderate AKI in the setting of an ultramarathon is not cumulative or without complete recovery of kidney function when stressed. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Lower Extremity Movement Differences Persist After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and When Returning to Sports
Objective: To examine how landing mechanics change in patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) between 6 months and 12 months after surgery. Design: Case-series. Setting: Laboratory. Participants: Fifteen adolescent patients after ACL-R participated. Interventions: Lower extremity three-dimensional motion analysis was conducted during a bilateral stop jump task in patients at 6 and 12 months after ACL-R. Joint kinematic and kinetic data, in addition to ground reaction forces, were collected at each time point. Main Outcome Measures: During the stop jump landing, the peak joint moments and the i...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Characteristics and Risk Factors of Spinal Fractures in Recreational Snowboarders Attending an Emergency Department in Japan
Conclusions: Among the recreational snowboarders, isolated transverse process fracture in the lumbar spine was the most frequent spinal fracture. Age (20-39 year old), terrain slopes, and jump-landing failure were found to be risk factors for spinal fracture. Clinical Relevance: Identification of characteristics and risk factors for spinal fractures during snowboarding is useful information to create a preventive strategy for the fractures and make snowboarding a safer sport. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Incidence and Factors Associated With Concussion Injuries at the 2011 to 2014 South African Rugby Union Youth Week Tournaments
Objective: To determine the concussion incidence and to identify factors associated with concussion in South African youth rugby union players. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Injury surveillance was completed at the South African Rugby Union Youth Week tournaments (under-13, under-16, and under-18 age groups). Participants: South African youth rugby union players. A total of 7216 players participated in 531 matches between 2011 and 2014. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measures: Concussion incidence was calculated per 1000 player-match-hours with 95% CIs. Poisson regression was used to calculate the inci...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Content, Delivery, and Effectiveness of Concussion Education for US College Coaches
Conclusions: Not all US college coaches receive concussion education from their institution. Male Division I coaches of male contact/collision sport are a population for whom targeted educational outreach may be particularly valuable. Clinical Relevance: Education for coaches, delivered by clinicians at many institutions, is an important component of ensuring that coaches are prepared to be informed partners in supporting concussion safety. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Young Athletes' Concerns About Sport-Related Concussion: The Patient's Perspective
Conclusions: Over half of concussed athletes indicate that the most distressing part of the injury is loss of activities, which may result from symptoms of the injury itself and/or the prescribed treatment. Clinical Relevance: Health care providers should not underestimate the degree to which symptoms and loss of activities affect young athletes' general well-being. In addition to the negative impact of concussion symptoms, there is an obvious cost of physical, cognitive, and social activity restrictions for patients recovering from sport-related concussions that should be explicitly addressed. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Concussion Management Practice Patterns Among Sports Medicine Physicians
Conclusions: Most sports medicine physicians seem to use recently developed guidelines for concussion management, regularly use medications and neuropsychological testing in management strategies, and follow established return-to-play guidelines. Clinical Relevance: Sports medicine physicians seem to have clinical expertise in the management of sport-related concussion. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Low Back Pain in Young Basketball and Floorball Players
Conclusions: The study attested that LBP is a relatively common complaint in young team sport players. Targeted measures to examine causes, risk factors, and prevention of LBP in youth sports are needed. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Five-Year Experience with Screening Electrocardiograms in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Athletes
Conclusions: More recent ECG screening criteria substantially reduce the abnormal ECG rate and thus the number of athletes requiring additional testing. ECG screening criteria identified the predicted number (1/300) of young athletes with serious underlying cardiovascular disease. These criteria prompt not only additional cardiovascular testing but also a more thorough cardiovascular history. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Paper Tape Prevents Foot Blisters: A Randomized Prevention Trial Assessing Paper Tape in Endurance Distances II (Pre-TAPED II)
Objective: To determine whether paper tape prevents foot blisters in multistage ultramarathon runners. Design: Multisite prospective randomized trial. Setting: The 2014 250-km (155-mile) 6-stage RacingThePlanet ultramarathons in Jordan, Gobi, Madagascar, and Atacama Deserts. Participants: One hundred twenty-eight participants were enrolled: 19 (15%) from the Jordan, 35 (27%) from Gobi, 21 (16%) from Madagascar, and 53 (41%) from the Atacama Desert. The mean age was 39.3 years (22-63) and body mass index was 24.2 kg/m2 (17.4-35.1), with 31 (22.5%) females. Interventions: Paper tape was applied to a randomly selected foo...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

AMSSM Position Statement on Cardiovascular Preparticipation Screening in Athletes: Current Evidence, Knowledge Gaps, Recommendations, and Future Directions
ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular (CV) screening in young athletes is widely recommended and routinely performed before participation in competitive sports. While there is general agreement that early detection of cardiac conditions at risk for sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) is an important objective, the optimal strategy for CV screening in athletes remains an issue of considerable debate. At the center of the controversy is the addition of a resting electrocardiogram (ECG) to the standard preparticipation evaluation using history and physical examination. The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) formed a ...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Position Statement Source Type: research

Triple Deked by a Negative X-ray: A Hockey Player's Routine Visit for a Dangerous Injury
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Acute Radiating Low Back Pain After Olympic-Lifting
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

The Impact of Exercise Restriction in Athletes with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Smart Clothing is the Best Protection Against Zika During Rio Olympic and Paralympic Games
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research