Factors Influencing the Underreporting of Concussion in Sports: A Qualitative Study of Minor Hockey Participants
Conclusions: Our findings indicate that underreporting of concussion among those players interviewed appears to be prevalent and associated with misconceptions about injury risk, and a culture that both reinforces and encourages underreporting with tacit or overt complicity of parents and coaches. Our findings support the need to alter the culture of violence and tough play in hockey by education, rule changes, economic measures, and changes in governance of the sport. Interviewing more stakeholders and policy makers would shed light on such potential interventions. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - June 30, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Delayed Onset Vascular Stiffening Induced by Eccentric Resistance Exercise and Downhill Running
Objectives: Eccentric exercise induces muscle stiffening and soreness as well as unfavorable changes in macrovascular function. We tested the hypothesis that systemic eccentric exercise could evoke greater arterial stiffening than local eccentric resistance exercise. Design and Intervention: Twenty healthy young men were randomly assigned into either the downhill running (DR) and the eccentric resistance exercise (RE) group followed by a crossover design with an exercise and sham control trial. Main Outcome Measures: Carotid–femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), central hemodynamic measures, and biomarkers were obta...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - June 30, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Can a Repeated Sprint Ability Test Help Clear a Previously Injured Soccer Player for Fully Functional Return to Activity? A Pilot Study
Objective: To investigate the effects of fatigue induced by a repeated sprint ability (RSA) test on the neuromuscular responses of soccer players with a recent history of lower limb injuries (CH) and a matched control group in good fitness condition (GH). Design: This was a case–control study. Participants: Nine CH and 9 GH. Independent Variable: Allocation to CH or GH. Main Outcome Measures: Each player was assessed for blood lactate concentration and jumping performance [squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ)] before/after RSA. Post-RSA rate of perceived exertion (RPE) was obtained. Receiver operating c...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - June 30, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery in Female Professional Tennis Players: Ability and Timing to Return to Play
Conclusions: In professional female tennis players, a high return to play rate after arthroscopic shoulder surgery is associated with a prolonged and often incomplete return to previous level of performance. Thus, counseling the patient to this fact is important to manage expectations. Level Of Evidence: Level IV—Case Series. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - June 30, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

A Comparison of Clinical Outcome Between Athletes and Nonathletes Undergoing Hip Arthroscopy for Femoroacetabular Impingement
Objective: To compare the clinical outcome of arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) between athlete and nonathlete patients. Design: Retrospective case-control study. Level of Evidence III. Patients and Methods: Seventy-four patients who underwent arthroscopic FAI correction from March 2009 to April 2012 were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into 2 groups, according to their sports participation (47 in the athlete group and 27 in the nonathlete group). Main Outcome Measures: We reviewed clinical and radiographic data for all patients, up to a minimum of 2 years after surgery. We us...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - June 30, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Impact of a Short-Term Water Abstinence on Airway Hyperresponsiveness in Elite Swimmers
Conclusions: A swimming break of 25 ± 8 days does not seem sufficient to significantly reduce AHR in elite swimmers. Thus, relevant and systematic effects of short-term water abstinence on AHR seem unlikely. Because the majority of swimmers remain asymptomatic, AHR may escape routine screening examinations. The impact of AHR on athletic performance and the long-term clinical consequences remain to be clarified. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - June 30, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Does Acupressure Hit the Mark? A Three-Arm Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Acupressure for Pain and Anxiety Relief in Athletes With Acute Musculoskeletal Sports Injuries
Objectives: Injuries are a common consequence of sports and recreational activity. The optimal management of symptoms is a crucial element of sports injury management. Acupressure has previously been shown to effectively decrease symptoms of musculoskeletal injury, thus may be considered a potentially useful intervention in the management of sport-related injuries. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of acupressure in decreasing pain and anxiety in acutely injured athletes. Design: A prospective 3-arm randomized placebo-controlled trial. Setting: A sports injury clinic, Dunedin, New Zealand. ...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - June 30, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Efficacy of Sustained Heat Treatment on Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness
Objective: To assess the impact of heat applied for 8 hours immediately after or 24 hours after exercise on delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in large skeletal muscle groups measured by subjective and objective means. Design: Cross-sectional repeated measure design study. Setting: Research laboratory. Subjects: Three groups of 20 subjects, age range 20 to 40 years. Intervention: Squats were conducted in three 5-minute bouts to initiate DOMS; 3 minutes of rest separated the bouts. One group had heat applied immediately after exercise, and a second group had heat applied 24 hours after exercise. A third group was the ...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - June 30, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

2017 CASEM Podium Presentations
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

2017 CASEM Poster Presentations
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

In Response to: Low Back Pain in Benign Joint Hypermobility Syndrome: Do not Forget the Adolescents
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

In Response to: Frog-Leg Test Maneuver for the Diagnosis of Injuries to the Posterolateral Corner of the Knee: A Diagnostic Accuracy Study
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

In Response to: Does Visual Performance Influence Head Impact Severity Among High School Football Athletes?
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in the Overhead Athlete: A Report of 2 Cases of Subclavius Posticus Muscle
Abstract: Subclavius posticus muscle is a supernumerary anatomical variation of the subclavius muscle. The aim of this study was to show the possible contribution of the posticus muscle in the development of unilateral thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) in overhead athletes, presenting hypertrophy of the dominant arm due to their sport activity. Reported here are 2 young overhead athletes complaining pain, paresthesia, weakness in the dominant upper limb, although presenting none of the main shoulder and neurological disorders. After developing subclavian vein thrombosis, TOS was suspected and finally diagnosed by dynamic magn...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Latissimus Dorsi and Teres Major Tendon Avulsions in Cricketers: A Case Series and Literature Review
Conclusion: The short T20 form of cricket has lead to an increase in the number of back-of-the-hand slow balls, a risk factor for Latissimus injury, whereas leg-spin bowling is another risk. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Postconcussion Symptoms as a Marker of Delayed Recovery in Children and Youth Who Recently Sustained a Concussion: A Brief Report
Conclusions: This study demonstrates the potential for clinicians to identify, with the sole use of the PCSS, children at risk of experiencing symptoms for longer periods of time. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Relationship Between Concussion History and Concussion Knowledge, Attitudes, and Disclosure Behavior in High School Athletes
Objective: Examine the association between self-reported concussion history and measures of concussion knowledge, attitude, and disclosure behavior. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Classroom. Participants: A convenience sample of high school athletes (n = 167; mean age = 15.7 years) from multiple sports completed a validated survey. Independent Variables: Concussion history (main predictor) was defined as the number of self-recalled concussions during participants' high school career. Main Outcome Measures: The outcomes were recalled concussion disclosure behavior (3 measures) and scales assessing both concus...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Corticosteroid Injections for Adhesive Capsulitis: A Review
Conclusions: Corticosteroid injections for AC demonstrate short-term efficacy, but may not provide a long-term benefit. More high quality, prospective studies are needed to determine whether corticosteroid injections using ultrasound guidance significantly improve outcomes. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Critical Review Source Type: research

Preseason Aerobic Capacity Is an Independent Predictor of In-Season Injury in Collegiate Soccer Players
Conclusions: Aerobic fitness is an independent predictor of in-season injury. Early-season injuries are related to aerobic fitness and LBM. Clinical Relevance: Efforts to increase aerobic capacity and LBM among soccer players in the off-season may help reduce in-season injury. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Timing of Physical Therapy Referral in Adolescent Athletes With Acute Spondylolysis: A Retrospective Chart Review
Conclusions: Patients with acute spondylolysis in the aggressive referral group were able to make a full return activity almost 25 days sooner. No differences in the risk of adverse reactions were noted between aggressive and conservative referral groups. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Heart Rate Variability of Athletes Across Concussion Recovery Milestones: A Preliminary Study
Conclusions: Athletes with concussion displayed autonomic dysfunction in some measures of HRV that persisted beyond RTP and were related to a previous history of concussion. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Concussion in Ice Hockey—A Cohort Study Across 29 Seasons
Conclusions: This study showed a significant increase of concussion IR and a trend toward longer rehabilitation periods due to concussion. Possible risk factors were discussed. Risk behavior and rehabilitation protocols should be prioritized areas in the research of concussion in ice hockey. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Therapeutic Ultrasound in Navicular Stress Injuries in Elite Track and Field Athletes
Conclusions: The production of pain associated with the application of TUS on a navicular stress fracture is a safe and reproducible method of monitoring the resolution of these fractures. We have used it successfully in making return-to-play decisions for elite level track and field athletes. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Continuous Ultrasound Decreases Pain Perception and Increases Pain Threshold in Damaged Skeletal Muscle
Objective: Determine whether therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) delivered in a continuous mode reduces pain perception after muscle injury. Design: Randomized, double-blind trial. Setting: Institutional laboratory. Participants: Twenty young healthy participants (11 females; 9 males; mean age ± SD, 24.1 ± 3.7 years). Intervention: All subjects performed 50 maximal eccentric contractions of the biceps brachii on a Biodex dynamometer. Criterion measures of isometric force production and serum creatine kinase (CK) activity confirmed tissue damage. Both groups received either TUS or sham treatment everyday starting...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Is Migraine Headache Associated With Concussion in Athletes? A Case–Control Study
Conclusions: These results suggest that there is an association between migraine headache and concussion in athletes, but the cause–effect nature of this relationship cannot be determined. Migraine headache should be considered a modifying factor when caring for concussed athletes. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Does Kinesiology Taping Improve the Early Postoperative Outcomes in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction? A Randomized Controlled Study
The objective of this study is to investigate the efficacy of kinesiology taping in the early postoperative phase after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). We hypothesized that kinesiology taping reduces knee pain and swelling and improves knee range of movement and functional outcome. Design: Randomized controlled study. Setting: Primary Institutional Hospital. Patients: Sixty subjects who underwent an elective ACLR with or without concurrent meniscectomy were randomized into intervention (with kinesiology taping postsurgery) and control groups. Interventions: Subjects from both groups received standardi...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Isometric Contractions Are More Analgesic Than Isotonic Contractions for Patellar Tendon Pain: An In-Season Randomized Clinical Trial
This study aimed to compare the immediate analgesic effects of 2 resistance programs in in-season athletes with patellar tendinopathy (PT). Resistance training is noninvasive, a principle stimulus for corticospinal and neuromuscular adaptation, and may be analgesic. Design: Within-season randomized clinical trial. Data analysis was conducted blinded to group. Setting: Subelite volleyball and basketball competitions. Participants: Twenty jumping athletes aged more than 16 years, participating in games/trainings 3 times per week with clinically diagnosed PT. Interventions: Two quadriceps resistance protocols were compare...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Blood Flow Restriction Training After Knee Arthroscopy: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study
Conclusions: This study suggests that BFR is an effective intervention after knee arthroscopy. Further investigation is warranted to elucidate the benefits of this intervention in populations with greater initial impairment. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship: AMSSM Proposed Standards of Excellence
Abstract: The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) recognizes a need to provide direction and continually enhance the quality of sports medicine fellowship training programs. This document was developed to be an educational resource for sports medicine physicians who teach in a 1-year primary care sports medicine fellowship training program. It is meant to provide high standards and targets for fellowship training programs that choose to reassess their curriculum and seek to make improvements. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Position Statement Source Type: research

2017 AMSSM 26th Annual Meeting Case Abstract Podium Presentations
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Flexor Digitorum Superficialis Tear in a Wakeboarder: An Unusual Clinical Case
Abstract: Tears in the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle belly are rare injuries with one single case reported in the literature. In this article, we describe the first case of muscle tear of the flexor digitorum superficialis resulting from a wakeboarding trauma. The wakeboarder presented with pain localized in the anterior forearm, and early symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. Ultrasonography demonstrated an intramuscular hematoma of the flexor digitorum superficialis myotendinous junction, which compressed the median nerve. After conservative treatment, the patient was asymptomatic and returned to his usual daily ac...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Sphenopalatine Ganglion Block for Management of Refractory Chronic Posttraumatic Headaches After a Sport-Related Concussion
In this report, we present a case of a 17-year-old boy with persistent PTH after a sport concussion successfully treated with an intranasal sphenopalatine block. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

2017 AMSSM 26th Annual Meeting Research Oral Poster Presentations
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

2017 AMSSM 26th Annual Meeting Presentations
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Five-Year Experience with Screening Electrocardiograms in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Athletes: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Googling Concussion Care: A Critical Appraisal of Online Concussion Healthcare Providers and Practices in Canada
Conclusions: This study indicates that there are numerous concussion healthcare providers in Canada offering diverse services with clinics operated by professionals with varying levels of training in traumatic brain injury. In some cases, the practices of these concussion clinics do not conform to current expert consensus guidelines. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Exercise and the Athlete With Infectious Mononucleosis
Conclusions: Infectious mononucleosis is a common issue for young athletes. But given accurate diagnosis and the avoidance of splenic rupture and progression to CFS through a few weeks of restricted activity, long-term risks to the health of athletes are few. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: General Review Source Type: research

A 1-Year Prospective Analysis of Ice Climbing Injuries
Conclusion: Ice climbing is a sport with moderate risk for injury with most of the reported injuries being of minor severity. However, severe and fatal injuries, although less common, also occur. Advanced ice climbers with greater experience and skill level have a lower overall injury risk. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Injury in Professional Dancers: Prevalence and Associated Factors: An International Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusions: The prevalence of injury is high in professional dancers with a significant percentage not reporting their injuries for a variety of reasons. Number of years dancing and rank are associated with injury in professional ballet dancers. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Current Trends in the Management of Lateral Ankle Sprain in the United States
Conclusions: Most patients with LAS do not receive supervised rehabilitation. The small proportion of patients with LAS to receive physical therapy get rehabilitation prescribed in accordance with clinical practice guidelines. The majority (>80%) of the LAS financial burden is associated with physician evaluations. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Prediction of Maximal Heart Rate in Children and Adolescents
Objective: To identify a method to predict the maximal heart rate (MHR) in children and adolescents, as available prediction equations developed for adults have a low accuracy in children. We hypothesized that MHR may be influenced by resting heart rate, anthropometric factors, or fitness level. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Sports medicine center in primary care. Participants: Data from 627 treadmill maximal exercise tests performed by 433 pediatric athletes (age 13.7 ± 2.1 years, 70% males) were analyzed. Independent Variables: Age, sex, sport type, stature, body mass, BMI, body fat, fitness level, r...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Sex Differences in Vestibular/Ocular and Neurocognitive Outcomes After Sport-Related Concussion
Conclusions: Findings suggest higher VOR scores after SRC in female compared with male athletes. Findings did not extend to other components of the VOMS tool suggesting that sex differences may be specific to certain types of vestibular impairment after SRC. Additional research on the clinical significance of the current findings is needed. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Effect of Strength Training on the Jump-Landing Biomechanics of Young Female Athletes: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: Strength training of the legs does not seem to improve jump-landing abilities in young female athletes compared with active controls who strength-trained their arms. Clinical Relevance: Leg strengthening may not provide an advantage over arm strengthening for improving jump-landing movement patterns in young female athletes. This has implications for the design of conditioning programs if injury prevention is a goal. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Performance on the Functional Movement Screen Is Related to Hop Performance But Not to Hip and Knee Strength in Collegiate Football Players
Objective: To define the relationship between Functional Movement Screen (FMS) scores and hop performance, hip strength, and knee strength in collegiate football players. Design: Cross-sectional cohort. Participants: Freshmen of a Division I collegiate American football team (n = 59). Main Outcome Measures: The athletes performed the FMS, and also a variety of hop tests, isokinetic knee strength, and isometric hip strength tasks. We recorded total FMS score, peak strength, and hop performance, and we calculated asymmetries between legs on the different tasks. Spearman correlation coefficients quantified the relationship...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Influence of Neck Laceration Protectors on Cervical Range of Motion
Objective: To examine the effect of a hockey neck laceration protector (NLP) on cervical range of motion (ROM) along with the athlete's perception on comfort and restrictiveness. Our hypothesis was that all styles of NLPs would limit cervical ROM compared to no NLP, and that certain designs of NLPs would be perceived as more restrictive and less comfortable. Design: Cross-sectional observational analytic. Setting: Outpatient sports medicine clinic. Participants: Forty-six male and female high school hockey players (age 14-18). Independent Variables: Four commercially available NLPs and no NLP. Main Outcome Measures: C...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Quantifying Head Impact Exposure in Collegiate Women's Soccer
Conclusions: Head impact exposure was quantified through 2 different methods, which illustrated the challenges associated with autonomously collecting acceleration data with head impact sensors. Users of head impact data must exercise caution when interpreting on-field head impact sensor data. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Individuals With Patellofemoral Pain Have Less Hip Flexibility Than Controls Regardless of Treatment Outcome
Objective: To examine differences in hip flexibility before and after a 6-week muscle strengthening program between those with patellofemoral pain (PFP) and healthy controls. Design: Single-blind, multicentered, randomized controlled trial. Setting: Four clinical research laboratories. Subjects: Physically active individuals (199 PFP and 38 controls). Interventions: Patellofemoral pain and control subjects were randomized into either a hip-focused or a knee-focused muscle strengthening treatment program. Main Outcome Measures: Pain—visual analog scale (centimeter), function—Anterior Knee Pain Scale (points...
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Shockwave Treatment Combined With Eccentric Training for Patellar Tendinopathy: A Double-Blinded Randomized Study
Conclusions: This study showed no additional effect of 3 sessions ESWT in participants with PT treated with eccentric exercises. The results should be interpreted with caution because of small sample size and considerable loss to follow-up, particularly in the ESWT group. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Aggregatibacter aphrophilus Sacroiliitis Following Gastroscopy in a Young Sportsman
We report a case of Aggregatibacter aphrophilus sacroiliitis in a young sportsman, presenting 48 hours after endoscopy and biopsy. Microbiological diagnosis was made only after repeated attempt at joint aspiration. The patient was cured after radiologically guided drainage and a prolonged course of directed antibiotics. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - December 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research