The impact of sugarcane burning on hospitalization due to respiratory diseases
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar o impacto das emissões da queima da cana-de-açúcar sobre o número de internações hospitalares por doenças respiratórias em uma região canavieira. Registros de internações hospitalares por doenças respiratórias foram adquiridas a partir da base de dados referentes ao sistema d e informações hospitalares do sistema único de saúde (SIH-SUS), no período de 28 de março de 2011 a 28 de dezembro de 2012. Níveis de MP10, NO2, O3, temperatura e um...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Workplace accidents among hospital cleaning professionals at a hospital in the city of Maranhão, Brazil
Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a preval ência e os fatores associados aos acidentes de trabalho entre profissionais da limpeza hospitalar. Foram entrevistados 199 trabalhadores da limpeza de seis hospitais em São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil. Primeiramente, realizou-se análise univariada e, posteriormente, utilizaram-se as análises de reg ressão de Poisson com variância robusta, com modelagem hierarquizada dos dados a fim de estimar razões de prevalências (RP) entre as variáveis independentes e o desfecho (acidentes de trabalho). Houve preva...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Impact of health on quality of life and quality of working life of university teachers from different areas of knowledge
This study aimed to determine the impact of health on the quality of life (QoL) and quality of working life (QWL) of university teachers. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 284 teachersin the areas of health, sciences, human sciences, and agricultural sciences using a sociodemographic questionnaire containing health-related questions, the WHOQOL-bref, and TQWL-42. Results: the findings showed that teachers who practiced physical activity had better QoL,QWL, and sleep quality. Advanced age was also associated with better QoL.Furthermore, QoL and QWL were lower in teachers who used medications, had an imbalanced diet...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Sleep pattern, obesity and healthcare expenditures in Brazilian adults
Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between sleep pattern and healthcare expenditures in adults, as well as to identify whether physical activity, biochemical markers and obesity affect this relationship. The sample was composed of 168 adults aged ≥ 50 years attended by two Basic Healthcare Units in Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil. Health expenditure, sleep pattern, anthropometry, adiposity index, physical activity, metabolic and cardiovascular variables were assessed. Statistical analyses were performed using Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney and Spearman tests. Sleep disorders were positively cor...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Dental pain among psychoactive substance users in CAPS AD in Vitoria, Vila Velha and Serra, ES, Brazil
The objective was to verify the prevalence of dental pain and its associations among psychoactive substances users from Alcohol and Drug Psychosocial Care Centers (CAPS AD) in Vitoria, Vila Velha and Serra, Esp írito Santo, Brazil. A transversal study was conducted with 280 participants between June 2015 and February 2016, using five scripts: one for socio-demographic data and health perception; another for oral health; the Oral Health Impact Profile; the Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screenin g Test and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Test. Data were organized in frequency tables and analy...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Self-esteem and oral health behavior in adolescents
This study investigated the mediation of self-esteem in adolescents ’ oral health behaviors. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used to assess self-esteem, whereas data from socio-demographic and behavior characteristics were analyzed by questions validated in previous surveys. The teenagers had good oral health behavior, except unhealthy diet. The number of adolescents with high self-esteem was a lot smaller than those with low self-esteem. The use of dental services, even when associated with high self-esteem, lost significance after being adjusted by sex, age and tooth brushing frequency. Nevertheless, multiple l...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Effects of an alternative program to promote healthy eating in school canteen
The objective of this study was to determine the effects on school feeding habits in an educational intervention alternative to the conventional model of feeding promotion to a center with school canteens and ecological garden project. Cross-sectional and comparative descriptive observational study of 111 boys and girls between 9 and 12 years old, in the 2013-15 period. A school with alternative intervention was compared with another one that only included contents of the Infant and Primary Education curriculum, by means of evaluation of adherence to the mediterranean diet of the students with a validated Kidmed questionna...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The social capital among adolescent students of a brazilian municipality
Resumo O objetivo do artigo foi verificar associa ção do capital social de adolescentes com os fatores condições de vida e participação em atividades coletivas. No estudo transversal, aplicou-se questionário validado (SCQ-AS) para medir o capital social de escolares do sétimo ano de escolas públicas e privadas de um município brasileiro. Os pais responderam a um questionário sobre condições de vida e participação dos filhos em atividades coletivas. Após teste qui-quadrado, fez-se regressão logística...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The consumption of ultra-processed products is associated with the best socioeconomic level of the children’s families
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar o consumo de produtos ultraprocessados e fatores associados em crianças pré-púberes. Estudo transversal realizado com 378 crianças de 8 e 9 anos matriculadas em escolas públicas e privadas de Viçosa-MG. O consumo alimentar foi avaliado por três recordatórios de 24h. Os dados dieté ticos foram tabulados no software Diet Pro® 5i, para quantificar o consumo energético. Para análise dos grupos de consumo alimentar foi utilizada a técnica Two-Step Cluster, por meio do software Stata versã...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Analysis of the cost of care for children and adolescents with medical complex chronic conditions
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo foi identificar a utiliza ção de tecnologias e estimar o custo direto da atenção hospitalar de crianças e adolescentes com condições crônicas complexas em um hospital público federal especializado na assistência de alta complexidade a pacientes pediátricos. O trabalho foi realizado concomitantemente com um estudo de coorte durante o período de um ano e incluiu 146 pacientes com condições complexas crônicas e 37 pacientes não-crônicos. A análise identificou que a maioria do...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Impact of dental caries on the quality of life of preschoolers measured by PedsQL questionnaire
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of dental caries on the quality of life of preschool children. The population was made up of preschoolers aged 5 years, enrolled in public and private institutions of Teresina, PI, Brazil. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL ™ ) was applied to children and caregivers, as well as a socioeconomic-demographic questionnaire for those responsible. In the dental examination the ceod index was used to evaluate the caries experience. Of the 566 children examined, 50.2% presented with caries experience. It was observed an association between caries experience ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Correlates of body fat and waist circumference in children from São Caetano do Sul, Brazil
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine potential correlates of body fat (BF) and waist circumference (WC) in children. The sample included 328 children (169 boys) aged 9-11 years. BF (%) was measured using a bioelectrical impedance scale. WC measurements were made on exposed skin at the end of a normal expiration using a non-elastic anthropometric tape. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior were measured using accelerometers. Participants with complete individual, family and home, and school environmental data were included in the analysis. Children averaged 21.3% in boys and 25.8%...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Relationship between breastfeeding patterns and intake of vitamin A and iron in children 6-12 months
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a associação entre o tipo de aleitamento no primeiro semestre de vida e o consumo de vitamina A e ferro do 6º ao 12º mês. Estudo de coorte com 226 crianças. Avaliou-se o tipo de aleitamento do 1º ao 6º mês de vida e o consumo alimentar do 6º ao 12º mês. O consumo de nutriente s entre os grupos foi comparado pelo teste Kruskal-Wallis. A análise da associação entre o consumo de nutrientes e o tipo de aleitamento se deu pela Regressão de Poisson. O consumo abaixo da recomendaç...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Promotion of children’s rights and prevention of child abuse
Resumo A viol ência praticada contra crianças é tema complexo e polissêmico. Estudo de coorte retrospectiva buscou caracterizar o perfil das crianças vítimas de violência doméstica e de seus agressores e avaliar a eficácia das intervenções judiciais. Analisou-se 98 processos da Vara da Infância e Juve ntude, envolvendo 179 crianças e 121 agressores. Negligência/abandono e violência física foram as violações mais frequentes. Revelou-se a mãe como principal agressora; renda mensal de até um sa...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health promotion: necessary and urgent action in the Americas
(Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Erratum
This article is part of an ethnographic research survey conducted over the course of a year in the resistance training sector of a fitness center located in a suburb of the city of Rio de Janeiro, the athletes of which have a low income status, and the majority of whom have professional occupations or jobs that involve a high threshold of physical effort. From the anthropological standpoint of symbolic interactionism, the main objective was to analyze how the “ limits ” of pain of the body related in a symbolic way to the resistance training in the fitness center and the physical efforts demanded in their profe...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Löwy I. Imperfect pregnancies: a history of birth defects and prenatal diagnosis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press; 2017.
This article is part of an ethnographic research survey conducted over the course of a year in the resistance training sector of a fitness center located in a suburb of the city of Rio de Janeiro, the athletes of which have a low income status, and the majority of whom have professional occupations or jobs that involve a high threshold of physical effort. From the anthropological standpoint of symbolic interactionism, the main objective was to analyze how the “ limits ” of pain of the body related in a symbolic way to the resistance training in the fitness center and the physical efforts demanded in their profe...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Resistance training and daily work routine: meanings attributed to body pain in the case of a fitness center in Rio de Janeiro
This article is part of an ethnographic research survey conducted over the course of a year in the resistance training sector of a fitness center located in a suburb of the city of Rio de Janeiro, the athletes of which have a low income status, and the majority of whom have professional occupations or jobs that involve a high threshold of physical effort. From the anthropological standpoint of symbolic interactionism, the main objective was to analyze how the “ limits ” of pain of the body related in a symbolic way to the resistance training in the fitness center and the physical efforts demanded in their profe...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with the work capacity of motorcycle taxi drivers
Resumo Objetivou-se avaliar a capacidade para o trabalho de mototaxistas e sua associa ção com fatores sociodemográficos, laborais e qualidade de vida. Estudo transversal, realizado com 392 mototaxistas, utilizando-se formulário com dados sociodemográficos, laborais, Índice de Capacidade de Trabalho e o WHOQOL-bref. Empregou-se análise descritiva e inferencial. A prevalência d e capacidade para o trabalho moderada/boa foi de 51%. Mototaxistas com 40 ou mais anos tiveram aumento de 31% na capacidade baixa para o trabalho (RP: 1,31; IC 95%: 1,07; 1,61) comparados aos mai...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Comparison of the methodological quality and transparency of Brazilian practice guidelines
This study aims to compare the differences between clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) of the Ministry of Health (MoH) and those of other Brazilian health institutions. A systematic review of Brazilian CPGs was carried out. CPGs with recommendations for the pharmacological treatment of non-communicable disease (NCDs) were included. CPG methodological quality and transparency was independently assessed by 2 reviewers using the AGREE II. CPGs were rated as high, moderate, and low quality (ranging from A to C). Twenty-six CPGs were assessed for quality. MoH CPGs were published more recently, and were of better quality than th...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Toxoplasmosis knowledge and preventive behavior among pregnant women in the city of Imperatriz, Maranhão, Brazil
Resumo O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o conhecimento e o comportamento preventivo sobre a toxoplasmose e relacionar com as condi ções socioeconômicas, do pré-natal e ambientais entre as gestantes da Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF), do município de Imperatriz, Maranhão, Brasil. Neste estudo transversal foi aplicado um questionário estruturado e pré-testado, com amostra de 239 gestantes. Somente 23,4% das gestantes apresentaram bom conhecimento sobre a doença, com ênfase no domínio prevenção; 58,9% adotaram ad...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

High frequency hearing among rural workers exposed to pesticides
Resumo Os agrot óxicos podem causar inúmeros problemas de saúde e são considerados agentes otoagressores. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar as características auditivas nas altas frequências em trabalhadores com e sem exposição aos agrotóxicos, que apresentaram resultados normais na audiometria convenci onal. Estudo transversal com 87 trabalhadores, de ambos os gêneros, entre 19 e 59 anos, com vínculo de trabalho formal, informal e/ou que atuavam na agricultura familiar e realizaram Audiometria de Altas Frequências. O uso de glifosato foi r...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Dietary patterns of bank employees and their association with socioeconomic, behavioral and labor factors
Resumo O presente artigo busca avaliar o consumo alimentar de trabalhadores banc ários e sua associação com fatores socioeconômicos, comportamentais e laborais. Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 515 bancários. Para avaliar o consumo alimentar foi utilizado Questionário de Frequência Alimentar semiquantitativo, empregando-se a análise de componentes principais com rot ação varimax para determinação dos padrões alimentares. Foram identificados três padrões alimentares: “ hortali ças, frutas, cereais e tub&ea...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The transcultural adaptation of the Body-Related Self-Conscious Emotions Fitness Instrument (BSE-FIT) to Brazilian Portuguese
Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi adaptar transculturalmente o instrumento “ The Body-related Self-Conscious Emotions Fitness Instrument (BSE-FIT) ” para a l íngua portuguesa brasileira. O processo de adaptação envolveu as seguintes etapas: tradução do BSE-FIT para a língua portuguesa; avaliação pelo Comitê de Juízes; retrotradução; análise semântica; e pré-teste. Os membros do Comitê de Juízes apontaram dificuldades na tradução do ter mo “ fitness ” e questionaram...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Non-performance of dental consultation among pregnant women in southern Brazil: a population-based study
Resumo Este estudo teve por objetivo medir a preval ência e identificar fatores associados à não utilização de assistência odontológica entre gestantes residentes no município de Rio Grande, RS. Em 2013, entrevistadores previamente treinados aplicaram questionário único, padronizado em até 48 horas após o parto à todas puérperas residen tes neste município. Utilizou-se teste do qui-quadrado para comparar proporções e, da análise multivariável, regressão de Poisson com ajuste robusto da v...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Demand for contraception in Brazil in 2006: contribution to the implementation of fertility preferences
This study aimed to estimate the demand for contraception in Brazil from the latest available data and identify possible associations between the sociodemographic and economic characteristics of women and the occurrence of this phenomenon. For this, we used data from the National Demographic and Health of Women and Children (PNDS) 2006 database and the estimation method reviewed by Bradley et al. (2012). Despite the high percentage of contraceptive use in Brazil, there was an estimated unmet fertility planning need in 8.3% of married/partnered women aged 15-49 years. That is, there was a specific group of women (at the beg...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Attitudes and practices of professionals who working in the Family Health Strategy regarding the approach to drug users in the municipality of Campina Grande. Paraíba. Brazil
Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as atitudes e as pr áticas dos profissionais da Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) quanto à abordagem aos usuários drogas no município de Campina Grande, Paraíba. Tratou-se de um estudo transversal e exploratório realizado com 126 médicos, enfermeiros e dentistas da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS). As vari áveis investigadas foram relacionadas a dados sociodemográficos, atuação profissional, atitudes e práticas sobre a abordagem aos usuár...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Corrected cancer mortality rates for the elderly in the states of the Brazilian northeast
Resumo As estimativas das reais magnitudes da mortalidade no Nordeste t êm enfrentado importantes entraves devido ao subregistro e aos problemas na qualidade das informações sobre as causas básicas de óbito. Teve-se como objetivo avaliar o impacto da redistribuição dos óbitos corrigidos pela Pesquisa de Busca Ativa e de códigos garbage nas taxas de mortalidade dos principais cânceres de idosos dos estados do Nordeste. Utilizou-se o método de Ledermann para redistribuir os óbitos. O número de óbitos antes e após a corre&cc...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Incidence of weight gain in hospital workers: survival analysis
Resumo O ganho de peso na vida adulta pode ser respons ável por doenças crônicas, e seu acompanhamento pode ser um subsídio para evitar esses agravos. O objetivo foi analisar o ganho de peso e fatores associados em trabalhadores de um hospital privado no município do Rio de Janeiro. Trata-se de uma coorte retrospectiva com 686 trabalhadores, que re alizaram ao menos dois exames de saúde ocupacionais (admissional e periódico) entre os anos de 2010 e 2015. O método de Kaplan-Meier e o modelo de regressão semiparamétrico de riscos proporcionais de Cox foram ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Discourses about mental health demands of young offenders serving detention measure in juvenile correctional centers in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Resumo Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar as concep ções discursivas do que é considerado demanda de saúde mental dos adolescentes cumprindo medida de internação nas unidades socioeducativas do Rio de Janeiro. Realizaram-se nove entrevistas com os profissionais de saúde mental do sistema socioeducativo e os resultados foram discutidos com o ap oio da análise de discurso crítica de Fairclough. Foram identificados quatro grupos discursivos: o primeiro apresenta intertextualidade com o discurso psiquiátrico, o segundo com a reforma psiquiátrica, ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The use of the geographic scale in health: the scales of visceral leishmaniasis
Resumo A escala geogr áfica tem sido amplamente discutida na tentativa de formar um conceito que dê conta de explicar as diferentes realidades do espaço. Nos diversos seguimentos de planejamento em saúde, faz-se uma adoção das categorias e conceitos geográficos sem entender os problemas inerentes à escala geográ fica, o que afeta diretamente nas políticas públicas implantadas e, consequentemente, na vida das pessoas. O objetivo deste artigo foi discutir o conceito de escala a partir dos seus diferentes níveis, e debater a dificuldade de arti...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of community health agents regarding pulmonary tuberculosis in a capital city in northeastern Brazil
This article analyses the knowledge, attitudes and practices of community health agents (CHAs) regarding tuberculosis in Recife, a municipality with a high incidence of tuberculosis and high treatment dropout rates in Brazil. The cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of CHAs and a standardized questionnaire. The frequencies of the variables related to knowledge, attitudes and practices were described, and the association between satisfactory knowledge and appropriate practices of CHAs was analysed. Of the 401 eligible CHAs, 385 (96.0%) were interviewed. The majority were women (87.5%) aged ≥ 4...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Canteens of State Schools in Curitiba in the State of Paraná, Brazil: adaptation to the food supply regulation law
Resumo Objetivou-se caracterizar a oferta de alimentos nas cantinas de escolas p úblicas estaduais de Curitiba, Paraná, e investigar associação da oferta de alimentos permitidos/não permitidos pela Lei das Cantinas, com variáveis da escola e da cantina. Foi realizado estudo transversal com entrevista aos administradores de cantinas em 27 escolas estaduais e foi utilizado o teste de Mann Whitney para investigar associações. Verificou-se maior frequência de administração das cantinas por autogestão (n = 25; 92,6%); local adequado na escola par...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Assessment of health technical efficiency in the cities of the Rota dos Bandeirantes health region of the state of São Paulo, Brazil
Resumo Embora haja uma unanimidade nas falas dos gestores que o Sistema Único de Saúde é subfinanciado, é unânime também o fato de haver problemas na eficiência da gestão dos gastos. Nesta perspectiva, este estudo faz uma avaliação da eficiência técnica em saúde dos sete municípios da região de saúde Rota dos Bandeirantes do estado de São Paulo no perí odo de 2009 a 2012, utilizando-se o Índice de Eficiência Técnica em Saúde. Este índice é composto por meio de i...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The tale of lenalidomide clinical superiority over thalidomide and regulatory and cost-effectiveness issues
Abstract In April 2017, the National Sanitary Surveillance Agency (ANVISA-Brazil) approved lenalidomide (LEN) for multiple myeloma (MM) and myelodysplastic syndrome. ANVISA had rejected the first application in 2010, and denied a request for reconsideration in 2012. The reason for rejection was the lack of comparative effectiveness studies proving that LEN was more effective than thalidomide (THAL), a strictly controlled drug regulated by Federal law 10.651/2003 and dispensed to patients (at no costs) through public health system units and hospitals. ANVISA unexplained retreat on the LEN approval for marketing was an unque...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Air pollution and the impacts on health in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Resumo Examinamos o impacto da polui ção atmosférica nas internações por doenças respiratórias totais (DRT), em crianças menores de cinco anos (DRC) e por doenças cardiovasculares em maiores de 39 anos (DCV) nos municípios de Belo Horizonte (BH), Betim e Contagem, da Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. Modelos aditivos g eneralizados via regressão de Poisson foram utilizados para ajustar as séries de hospitalizações. Os poluentes, em defasagem simples e acumulada de até cinco dias, foram introduzidos como var...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Suicide-related behavior and health-related quality of life among first-year university students in a Mexican university
The objective was to determine if suicide-related behavior (SRB) and health-related quality of life (HRQL) are associated and whether this association is independent of substance use, violence, and sociodemographic variables. It involved a cross-sectional study with 1,229 Mexican university students: 62.4% women; 37.6% men; age 18.2 ± .6 years. The YRBS and KISDSCREEN questionnaires were applied. The results were as follows: 14.2% students reported despair; 4.7% had suicidal ideation (SI); 4% had suicidal tendencies (ST); and 2.3% had attempted suicide. Multiple logistic regression models show that despair increased...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

When doing research with children means negotiating with adults: backstage of a survey of six-year-olds in schools
Resumo Neste artigo pretendemos provocar reflex ões sobre a pesquisa com crianças levantando aspectos relacionados a ética, método, brincar e atividades contextualizadas. A possibilidade de reconhecer a autoridade do adulto como mediadora do artesanato interacional na construção do ambiente de pesquisa também compõe os bastidores e seu ar tesanato. Ele toma por base uma pesquisa realizada com crianças de seis anos em escolas, cujo enfoque era a análise psicométrica de itens de um teste em construção. Retornando as memórias des...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Relationship between body composition and dyslipidemia in children and adolescentes
Resumo Verificou-se a rela ção entre diferentes índices antropométricos e os lipídios plasmáticos. Os dados foram coletados de 2014 a 2016 em 854 escolares (6-18 anos). Foram aferidas a circunferência da cintura (CC), o percentual de gordura corporal (%G) por bioimpedância, o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e relaçã o da cintura/estatura (RCE). Em sangue coletado em jejum mediu-se o colesterol total (CT), HDLc, e triglicerídeos e calculou-se o colesterol não HDL (Não HDLc). Os dados são apresentados por média &plusm...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Arterial hypertension diagnostic and drug therapy failure among Brazilian elderly – FIBRA Study
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of failure in hypertension diagnosis, antihypertensive drug use and drug therapy efficacy and the association of these parameters with sociodemographic, health-related and access to health services variables in community-dwelling elderly. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with 3,478 elderly from different Brazilian regions. We used Pearson ’ s chi-square test to verify associations between outcomes and independent variables, and Poisson multiple regression to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios. Of the total, 29.6% of the elderly evidenced failure in ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Victor Valla: a life of reflection and activism in popular education and health
Resumo O presente artigo busca estabelecer uma narrativa sobre alguns aspectos da trajet ória acadêmica e militante do professor e educador popular Victor Valla, tendo como destaque uma problemática assinalada por ele em vários textos e debates, sobre a recorrente incompreensão de alguns pesquisadores e técnicos (assistentes sociais, educadores, médicos, enfermeiros, etc.) sobre as classes populares e suas falas. Valla ressaltava a existência de produção de conhecimento para além do circuito tradicional das universidades e centros de pesquisa, espec...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The pharmacist in the Brazilian Primary Health Care: insertion under construction
The objective is to analyze the insertion of the pharmacists work in primary health care in Brazil. The search was performed on BVS, SciELO, Lilacs e Medline databases from 1998 to 2016. From the 157 articles found, excluding the duplicates, theses, dissertations and reviews, after the complete reading the review included 9 articles dealing with the pharmacist ’ s work describing experiences, attributions, potentialities, difficulties and challenges. Results show incipient production and predominance of qualitative studies starting in 2007. The insertion in the team is the central topic of the studies, pointing out t...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

SUS, health, and democracy: challenges for Brazil Manifesto of six former Health Ministers on the 16th National Health Conference
Resumo No ano da XVI Confer ência Nacional de Saúde, trinta e três anos após a VIII CNS, este manifesto retoma o tema das relações entre democracia e saúde, e adverte a sociedade brasileira para os riscos que ameaçam o SUS, defendendo nosso sistema universal como instrumento efetivo de produção de saúde e construçã o de cidadania.Abstract In the year of the XVI National Health Conference (CNS), thirty-three years into the VIII CNS, this manifesto resumes the theme of relationships between democracy and health and warns Brazilian societ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Interview with Susan Kelly. Co-coordinator of the 1st workshop about the Sociology of Diagnosis in Brazil
Abstract In this interview, Susan Kelly, professor and researcher at the Center for Life Sciences - Egenis, and the University of Exeter, England, discusses her academic career, involvement with the Sociology of Diagnosis and the work involved with the first activity on the Sociology of Diagnosis carried out in Brazil.Resumo Nessa entrevista, Susan Kelly, professora e pesquisador do Centro sobre as Ci ências da Vida – Egenis, e da Universidade de Exeter, em Inglaterra, aborda a sua trajet ória acadêmica, o envolvidomento com a Sociologia do Diagnóstico e os trabalhos envolvidos com a primeir...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Social identity of people with rare conditions and the lack of diagnosis: contributions based on Hall, Honneth and Jutel
This article is structured around three analytical standpoints, basing ourselves on Stuart Hall, Axel Honneth and Annemarie Jutel. Initially, we discuss the construction of the social identity of people with rare conditions based on Hall ’ s definition of the “ identity crisis. ” We then examine the identity of people with rare conditions from the perspective of the theory of justice as recognition, especially in relation to what Honneth refers to as “ reciprocal recognition. ” Lastly, we highlight some of the specificities of the demands for recognition of people with rare conditions – ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A qualitative approach to rare genetic diseases: an integrative review of the national and international literature
The objective of this study was to identify and describe the characteristics of scientific studies in Brazil and worldwide using a qualitative approach on rare genetic diseases published in indexed databases in the area of health and social sciences. The Scielo, Lilacs, Medline, PubMed, BDENF, Web of Science, Scopus and CINAHL databases were researched between 2013-2018 using the key words “ Qualitative Research ” and “ Rare Disease. ” A total of 171 articles, classified by year, country, language, rare disease type, data collection strategy, knowledge area and theme were selected. The texts reveal ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Rare diseases and the associative dialogue: resignifications for moral experiences
Resumo Neste artigo, buscamos discutir a experi ência de familiares de crianças e adolescentes com doenças raras como uma experiência moral. A experiência moral se caracteriza pelo sofrimento que é lido, coletivamente, como acontecimento catastrófico, mobilizando recursos para significação e sentido que possibilitem reconstruções ident itárias, valoração de novas trajetórias a partir de um diagnóstico raro, assim como a busca de pares. Nesse sentido, é fundamental a construção de relaç&ot...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

How do we live with chronic disease? A rights-based approach promoting the wellbeing of children with chronic disease
Abstract This paper focuses on the life experiences of children with chronic disease, a group whose invisibility involves particular challenges in their relationship with professionals in important life contexts, such as family, school and hospital. The study includes two complementary phases: i) Phase 1, composed of 15 interviews with parents, education and health professionals and two focus group discussions with children, and children and their mothers; and ii) Phase 2, which included self-report questionnaires administered to parents (n = 152) and children with chronic disease (n = 176). Based on a mixed methodology, t...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Trajectories and moral experiences of rare and chronic illness in biographies: a theoretical essay
Resumo Temos como objeto o di álogo com seis obras, entendidas no mercado editorial como biografias, que contemplam narrativas de primeira e segunda pessoa sobre a relação com situações de adoecimento crônico, raro ou complexo. Como ensaio teórico, experimentamos construir um argumento: essas biografias são formas públi cas de construção e apresentação de pessoa, representam a possibilidade de atribuir um lugar de visibilidade para experiências morais, de grande apelo público, mas que precisam ser reconhecidas na aten&cce...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

From the search for diagnosis to treatment uncertainties: challenges of care for rare genetic diseases in Brazil
This article aims to analyze the ‘ therapeutic itineraries ’ of patients in search of a diagnosis and treatment for rare genetic diseases in the cities of Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Porto Alegre. It focuses on the material challenges, emotional and structural problems faced in these trajectories. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients/caregivers and health professionals in the context of public health medical genetics. Our findings suggest that the experience of the rare genetic disease is aggravated by practical, inter-relational and bureaucratic/institutional problems. The reality of long a...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research