Impact of rice fortified with iron, zinc, thiamine and folic acid on laboratory measurements of nutritional status of preschool children
This study aimed to assess the impact of using fortified rice (Ultra Rice ® - UR®) on the nutritional status of preschoolers. Ninety-nine children enrolled in two philanthropic preschools participated of the study. Children of one of the preschools were offered UR® mixed with polished rice, as part of school meals (test group) and the children of another preschool were offered pure polished rice (control group). Biochemical evaluations were performed before and after 4 months of intervention. Dietary assessment and sensory evaluation of UR® mixed with polished rice were performed during the study. The forti...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Malnutrition risk and hospitalization in elderly assisted in Primary Care
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the association of malnutrition risk and single items of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA ®) with hospitalization in the last 12 months in the elderly assisted in primary care. A cross-sectional study was conducted with the evaluation of 1229 elderly persons assisted in Family Health Strategies in seven cities of South Brazil. Malnutrition risk was evaluated using the MNA®, and hospita lization was determined by one question of the Probability of Repeated Admission (PRA) instrument. Most of the elderly were women (61.7%), with a mean age of 71.7 ± 7.7 yea...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The role of the nutritionist in the National School Food Program in the southern region of Brazil
Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a adequa ção dos parâmetros numéricos mínimos de referência com relação às atribuições obrigatórias do nutricionista da região Sul do Brasil de acordo com a Resolução do CFN 465/2010. Estudo transversal com amostra representativa de Responsáveis Técnicos do PNAE que atuam na alimentação es colar na região Sul do Brasil (PR, SC e RS). Os questionários foram encaminhados por meio eletrônico. Comparou-se o resultado obtido com o prec...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Dietary patterns: are there differences between children and adolescents?
Resumo Objetivo Identificar padr ões alimentares de crianças e adolescentes de escolas públicas e verificar a associação destes com a faixa etária, o sexo, o município de residência e a classe econômica. Método Estudo transversal com escolares de cinco a 19 anos, de 10 escolas públicas. Aplicou-se o Formulário de Marc adores do Consumo Alimentar do Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional e a partir deste identificaram-se os padrões alimentares utilizando-se análise de cluster. Na análise estatística, ve...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Food insecurity and adherence to antiretroviral treatment among people with HIV in Mexico
Resumen Los objetivos del art ículo son: 1) Analizar la relación entre inseguridad alimentaria (IA) y adherencia al tratamiento antiretroviral (TAR) en personas con VIH/SIDA. 2) Evaluar la contribución de cuatro posibles mediadores (responsabilidades laborales y familiares, falta de recursos para cubrir necesidades, distrés psicológico y efectos secundarios del TAR) a dicha asociación. Estudio transversal con una muestra (n = 557) de personas con VIH atendidas en dos instituciones públicas de la ciudad de México. Las variables fueron indagadas mediante un cuestionario...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Folic acid supplementation among pregnant women in southern Brazil: prevalence and factors associated
Resumo Identificar a preval ência e os fatores associados ao uso do suplemento de ácido fólico na gestação. Estudo transversal de base populacional, realizado em Rio Grande, RS. Em 2013, todas as mulheres que tiveram filhos com peso ao nascer igual ou superior a 500 gramas ou pelo menos 20 semanas de gestação foram incl uídas no estudo. Investigaram-se características demográficas, socioeconômicas, vida reprodutiva e assistência ao pré-natal. Realizou-se análise multivariada com regressão de Poisson, considerando um modelo...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Food and nutrition security and environmental pollution: taboo and stigma
Resumo Este estudo de abordagem qualitativa busca compreender significados de Seguran ça Alimentar e Nutricional (SAN) e contaminação ambiental por marisqueiras do município de Santo Amaro, Bahia. Resíduos sólidos e industriais (principalmente Chumbo), e biológicos são lançados no rio Subaé e no manguezal, comprometendo fontes alimentares, a vida e a saúde da população. As marisqueiras, ao tentarem comercializar os produtos do mangue, são estigmatizadas pela população deste e outros municípios do Recô...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Eating insecurity among pregnant women in the public health system in a state capital in the northeast of Brazil
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a insegurança alimentar e os seus fatores associados em gestantes atendidas pela rede pública de saúde de uma capital do nordeste brasileiro. Estudo transversal, realizado com gestantes que residiam em Maceió, e que eram atendidas pela rede pública de saúde municipal, das quais fora m coletados dados socioeconômicos, antropométricos e realizadas medidas de hemoglobina e glicemia capilar e aferição da pressão arterial. A insegurança alimentar foi avaliada através da Escala Brasileira de I...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation to the Portuguese language of the Determine Your Nutritional Health® screening method for the elderly in assisted living accommodation
This article aims to describe the process of cross-cultural adaptation of the Determine Your Nutritional Health ® (DNH) screening method for the elderly Brazilian population. The DNH consists of 10 questions with affirmative statements, to which specific scores are assigned and when added up correspond to the final score, which classifies individuals according to the presence or absence of nutritional risk. The process of cross-cultural adaptation of the DNH method involved the following stages: translation; back translation; semantic equivalence; evaluation by the experts; pre-test and final version of the method. Adj...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Anthropometric and dietary surveys of the Brazilian population: an important source of data for conducting research
Resumo Objetivou-se analisar as diferen ças metodológicas dos inquéritos antropométricos e alimentares brasileiros classificados em domiciliares, escolares e telefônicos, e refletir sobre as potencialidades e os entraves envolvidos na utilização dos dados secundários dos mesmos. Os documentos que compuseram o corpus deste artigo f oram relatórios oficiais publicados dos estudos. Os resultados retrataram diferenças metodológicas em relação à avaliação do consumo alimentar, à antropometria, à periodici...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The role of emotional states in fruit and vegetable consumption in Brazilian adults
The objective was to investigate the association between emotional states with adequate fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC). This is a population-based cross-sectional study with 1,100 adults from a medium-sized city in Southern Brazil. Adequate FVC was defined as concomitant intake ≥ 3 fruits and ≥ 5 tablespoons of vegetables per day. Exposures were self-perception of nervousness/stress and minor psychiatric disorders (MPD). Data analysis used logistic regression. After controlling for demographic, socioeconomic and behavioral variables, adults reporting lack of nervousness/stress were twice more likely to report ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with food insecurity risk and nutrition in rural settlements of families
This study aimed to identify food and nutrition insecurity (FNI) and its possible association with socioeconomic and dietary variables in rural settlements of Sergipe. We verified food insecurity through the Brazilian of Food Insecurity Scale and associations via odds ratio multivariate regression analysis. We evaluated 179 families from four rural settlements in the state of Sergipe. An FNI prevalence of 88.8% was identified (48.6% light insecurity, 25.1% moderate and 15.1% severe). An adjusted statistical association was found between FNI and variables family income per capita (ORa = 3.11, p = 0.008) and food variety (OR...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Nutritional status and eating habits of schoolchildren in Campina Grande in the State of Paraíba, Brazil
Resumo Avaliou-se o estado nutricional e sua associa ção com os hábitos alimentares de crianças escolares que frequentam a rede pública de ensino do município de Campina Grande, Paraíba. Estudo transversal, realizado com 1081 crianças de 5 a 10 anos. Analisaram-se os índices antropométricos estatura/idade (E/I) e Índice de Massa Corporal/id ade (IMC/I), e os hábitos alimentares dos escolares. Verificaram-se prevalências de déficit de estatura, sobrepeso e obesidade de 2,4%, 12,3% e 9,2%, respectivamente. O E/I apresentou-se com...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Relative validity of a food frequency questionnaire supported by images
Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a validade relativa de question ário de frequência alimentar (QFA), desenvolvido para adolescentes. O estudo envolveu amostra de 106 adolescentes (57% meninas) de 11 a 18 anos de idade. O QFA foi aplicado em entrevistas pessoais com o suporte de fotografias dos 93 itens alimentares. As médias deatenuadas da ingestão de energia e nutrientes de três recordatórios de 24 horas (R24h) foram consideradas como referência e foram comparadas com aquelas estimadas pelo QFA com o uso do coeficiente de correlação de Spearman, k...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The nutritional rationale and its influence on the medicalization of food in Brazil
The objective is to highlight the influence that eating habits suffer from the alleged condition of supremacy that science holds, which proclaims the need for health in its discourse. Based on the assumption of nutritional rationale as an eating obligation, it is assumed that it is responsible for the process of the medicalization of food. This is achieved by disqualifying the individual from self-care in terms of food, instilling the idea of the risk that comes from supposedly inadequate eating habits and fomenting the idea that to eat well is to eat accordingly to scientific principles. The dissemination of scientific st...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Body image, eating attitudes, depressive symptoms, self-esteem and anxiety in pregnant women of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil
This study aimed to establish the influence on pregnant women ’ s body image of their eating attitudes, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, anxiety and body mass index. This is a quantitative, cross-sectional study, of 386 pregnant women of a range of child-bearing age – from 18 to 46 (mean 29.32 ± 6.04) – of the city of Juiz de Fora, in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Instruments were applied to evaluate body attitudes, food attitudes, depressive symptoms, self-esteem and anxiety. Anthropometric and obstetric data were collected. Descriptive, comparative and correlational statistical analyses wer...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Influence of educational interventions on knowledge about food and nutrition of adolescents in a public school
Resumo Os h ábitos alimentares de adolescentes têm sido marcados pelo alto consumo de alimentos ricos em gorduras, sódio e açúcares simples que, somados ao sedentarismo, estão diretamente relacionados com a incidência de obesidade entre outras doenças crônicas não transmissíveis tanto nesta faixa etá ria como na vida adulta. Este cenário reforça a urgência de se adotar programas de educação alimentar e nutricional (EAN). Sabendo-se disso, o objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar o hábito alimentar e se...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Misreporting of energy intake among users of Health Promotion Services
This study aims to assess the prevalence of misreporting of dietary intake and associated factors. This is a cross-sectional study with users of nine Health Promotion Services – called ‘ City fitness facilities ’ – in Belo Horizonte in the State of Minas Gerais. Sociodemographic and economic data were collected together with information on health history and perceptions, dietary habits and nutritional status. The assessment of energy intake was performed using 24-hour dietary recalls and misreporting of energy intake was determined using the McCrory method. Of the 487 users assessed, 82.3% were fema...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation of the State and Trait Food Cravings Questionnaires (FCQ-S and FCQ-T) into Portuguese
This study aimed to present the cross-cultural adaptation of the State and Trait Food Cravings Questionnaires (FCQ-S and FCQ-T) into Portuguese. Tools were translated and back-translated, field experts evaluated the conceptual, operational and item-based equivalence and a sample of students assessed tools, evaluating the level of understanding and analyzing internal consistency through Cronbach ’ s coefficient. In addition, the semantic equivalence was assessed though the intraclass correlation coefficient between the bilingual scores in each question of both versions (English and Portuguese). Tools were considered e...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The impact of the “Bolsa Família” Program on household diet quality, Pernambuco State, Brazil
This article analyzes the impact of the Bolsa Fam ília Program (BFP) on the quality of dietsamong households from Pernambuco State using data from the 2008-2009 Brazilian Household Budget Survey. The propensity score matching method, which corrects the sample selection bias, was used to make a comparison between beneficiary families and beneficiar ies not in the program. The results show that beneficiary families in the Program scored, on average, 9.05 more on the Diet Quality Index (DQI), compared with families not participating in the BFP. The results point to the effectiveness of the BFP in improving the quality ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Perception of hygiene of food handlers and the microbiological profile in a university kitchen
The objective of this study was to analyze the perception of food handlers in relation to hygiene practices in the workplace and to correlate the findings with the results of bacteriological analyses and systematic observations in a University Restaurant in Rio de Janeiro. The perception of hygiene practices was assessed using a questionnaire with objective questions. Operational practices were analyzed through systematic observational research. The bacteriological investigation was divided into two steps to detect the presence of Coliforms at 45 ºC, Sulphite-Reducing Clostridia, Coagulase-Positive Staphylococcus and ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Consumption of fruit, greens and vegetables in the Midwest region of Brazil: prevalence and associated factors
Resumo Estudo transversal, baseado em dados do sistema de monitoramento por inqu érito telefônico – VIGITEL, com o objetivo de estimar a preval ência e os fatores associados ao consumo recomendado de frutas, legumes e verduras (FLV) em 6696 indivíduos com idade ≥ 18 anos, de ambos os sexos, residentes na Regi ão Centro-Oeste do Brasil, em 2012. O consumo recomendado foi a variável dependente e variáveis sociodemográficas, comportamentais e relacionadas à saúde foram as independentes. A prevalência do consumo recomendado de FLV foi de 26,3%, ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Improvement the nutritional status of pre-school children following intervention with a supplement containing iron, zinc, copper, vitamin A, vitamin C and prebiotic
This study investigated the effects of a vitamin and mineral fortified powder product supplemented with inulin, on the iron and vitamin A status of 110 pre-schools childrens in Vi çosa, MG, Brazil. The 2 to 5-year-old children were submitted to anthropometric (weight and height), biochemical (erythrocytes, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume – MCV, mean corpuscular hemoglobin - MCH, serum iron, ferritin and serum retinol) and dietary (direct food weighing, 24 h recall, and food intake record) evaluations, at the beginning and at the end of a 45-day intervention. The supplement (30 g) was provided daily as part...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Differences between men and women in the quality of their diet: a study conducted on a population in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
This study aimed to evaluate differences between men and women on a global index and for each component of the Brazilian Healthy Eating Revised-Index (BHEI-R), as well as with reference to associated factors of the BHEI-R. This is a cross-sectional population-based study which analyzed information for 949 adults. For each sex, the mean for BHEI-R and its components were estimated. Women showed higher scores in the components of: fruits, vegetables and milk. Amongst men, the score was higher only in the component of: meat and eggs. Regarding associated factors, important differences were observed between the sexes. For men,...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Influence of academic training in nutrition on the incidence of neophobic feeding behavior
This study sought to evaluate the influence of academic training in nutrition on the incidence of neophobic feeding behavior. It is a cross-sectional study conducted with 247 students, of both sexes and mean age of 24.6 ± 6.8 years, enrolled in the first and last year of the undergraduate course in nutrition and other higher education courses in the area of health science. The level of food neophobia was evaluated through the Food Neophobia Scale associated with a behavioral measure obtained from the choice betwee n known or unknown food. In accordance with the results, the students who were embarking on the nutriti...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Significance and metrics of what is produced by Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
(Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Errata
Resumo Para verificar a associa ção entre capacitação em aleitamento materno e conhecimentos, habilidades e práticas profissionais, foi conduzido estudo transversal nos 15 hospitais com mais de 1000 partos/ano do município do Rio de Janeiro. Foram entrevistados 215 profissionais, sendo 48,4% em Hospitais Amigos da Criança, por adaptação de questionário de reavaliação desta iniciativa. Os três desfechos, dicotomizados, foram utilizados em análises bivariadas e multivariadas, sendo obtidas razões de prevalência ajust...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Is it possible to generalize in qualitative studies?
Resumo Para verificar a associa ção entre capacitação em aleitamento materno e conhecimentos, habilidades e práticas profissionais, foi conduzido estudo transversal nos 15 hospitais com mais de 1000 partos/ano do município do Rio de Janeiro. Foram entrevistados 215 profissionais, sendo 48,4% em Hospitais Amigos da Criança, por adaptação de questionário de reavaliação desta iniciativa. Os três desfechos, dicotomizados, foram utilizados em análises bivariadas e multivariadas, sendo obtidas razões de prevalência ajust...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Qualitative research as a vocation?
Resumo Para verificar a associa ção entre capacitação em aleitamento materno e conhecimentos, habilidades e práticas profissionais, foi conduzido estudo transversal nos 15 hospitais com mais de 1000 partos/ano do município do Rio de Janeiro. Foram entrevistados 215 profissionais, sendo 48,4% em Hospitais Amigos da Criança, por adaptação de questionário de reavaliação desta iniciativa. Os três desfechos, dicotomizados, foram utilizados em análises bivariadas e multivariadas, sendo obtidas razões de prevalência ajust...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Análise institucional & Saúde Coletiva
Resumo Para verificar a associa ção entre capacitação em aleitamento materno e conhecimentos, habilidades e práticas profissionais, foi conduzido estudo transversal nos 15 hospitais com mais de 1000 partos/ano do município do Rio de Janeiro. Foram entrevistados 215 profissionais, sendo 48,4% em Hospitais Amigos da Criança, por adaptação de questionário de reavaliação desta iniciativa. Os três desfechos, dicotomizados, foram utilizados em análises bivariadas e multivariadas, sendo obtidas razões de prevalência ajust...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Training of health professionals in breastfeeding and its association with knowledge, skills and practices
Resumo Para verificar a associa ção entre capacitação em aleitamento materno e conhecimentos, habilidades e práticas profissionais, foi conduzido estudo transversal nos 15 hospitais com mais de 1000 partos/ano do município do Rio de Janeiro. Foram entrevistados 215 profissionais, sendo 48,4% em Hospitais Amigos da Criança, por adaptação de questionário de reavaliação desta iniciativa. Os três desfechos, dicotomizados, foram utilizados em análises bivariadas e multivariadas, sendo obtidas razões de prevalência ajust...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Acupuncture in Brazil’s Unified Health System – an analysis based on different health management tools
This article explored the availability and/or accessibility of acupuncture in the UHS in 26 municipalities in the XIII Health Region of the State of S ão Paulo between 2001 and 2011, based on the analysis of Municipal Health Plans, Annual Management Reports and complementary data obtained from Information Systems. The data was analyzed using a framework for policy analysis based on: context, process, content and actors. Results show that the legi slative framework provides a favorable environment; however public funding for these activities is particularly limited. Only government actors participated in the decision...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Perceptions about men's health in a gender relational perspective, Brazil, 2014
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar percepções sobre a saúde dos homens nas óticas masculina e feminina. Amostra aleatória de 1.894 homens e 1.991 mulheres entre 20 e 59 anos de idade, usuários do Sistema Único de Saúde, residentes nas capitais de estados brasileiros e no Distrito Federal, foi submetida a entrevista por telefonia móvel. Foram registradas as variáveis sociodemográficas e as relacionadas à percepção do serviço de saúde, situação e cuidado de saúde. Regressão ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and factors associated with the use of public health services for adult men
Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi identificar a preval ência e os fatores associados à utilização de serviços públicos de saúde por homens adultos residentes no município de Maringá-Paraná. Inquérito domiciliar realizado junto a 410 homens de 20 a 59 anos. A análise foi realizada mediante estatística descritiva e modelos de regressão logí stica múltipla. A prevalência de utilização de serviços públicos foi de 56,3%. Os homens que mais utilizaram serviços públicos de sa...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Suicide in University students in Bogotá, Colombia, 2004–2014
We report the results of a retrospective, descriptive, qualitative study of suicide among university students in Bogot á, Colombia. The objective of this study was to document the magnitude, principal characteristics, and impact of this phenomenon in the selected population. A semi-structured survey was employed to collect information from 66 individuals linked to the universities. A total of 45 cases of suicide we re documented in the study period (2004 – 2014). Of these, 69% occurred in males and 31% in females. The age range was 17 – 27 years, with 62% of the cases in the 19 – 22 year-old group....
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Training of pharmacy technicians for dispensing drugs in Primary Health Care
Resumo S ão escassos artigos científicos brasileiros que discutam a importância do trabalho do técnico em farmácia em assistência direta ao paciente. Este trabalho descreve uma experiência de capacitação de técnicos de farmácia para dispensação de medicamentos. Trata-se de estudo descritivo, tra nsversal, realizado na atenção primária à saúde. Os técnicos foram capacitados pelo farmacêutico a orientar os pacientes no momento da dispensação e para triar casos que necessitavam ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Recruitment rate and retention of stroke subjects in cross-sectional studies
This article aimed to determine the recruitment rate of chronic stroke survivors to cross-sectional studies and to determine their retention at the two days of assessments. Participants after six months of a unilateral stroke were screened for eligibility and invited to participate in two cross-sectional studies, by telephone. The number of people who were screened, eligible, and successfully recruited was recorded. Retention at the two days of assessments was also recorded. From a list of 654 individuals, 87 were ineligible. Of the 567 left, 216 had wrong contact numbers, 144 refused to participate, and 12 had died. A tot...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Spatial distribution of biomass burning and mortality among the elderly in a Brazilian Amazon region, 2001 – 2012
Resumo As queimadas exercem relevante impacto sobre o ecossistema amaz ônico na estação seca com as emissões de poluentes atmosféricos. Os efeitos sobre a saúde das populações, principalmente na região do arco do desmatamento, tem sido objeto de recentes estudos. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a distribuição espacial dos focos de queimadas e da mortalidade por doenças respiratórias e cardiovasculares em idosos, no Estado de Rondônia, no período de 2001 a 2012. Os dados de mortalidade foram obtidos por meio d...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Pharmacist's contribution to the promotion of access and rational use of essential medicines in SUS
Conclusions: Pharmacist's activities may effectively provide rational use and promotion of access to essential medicines. (Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Economic evaluation of the Programs Rede Farmácia de Minas do SUS versus Farmácia Popular do Brasil
Resumo A fim de esclarecer qual programa de assist ência farmacêutica, Rede Farmácia de Minas Gerais RFMG ou Farmácia Popular do Brasil FPB, se apresenta como o mais eficiente sob a perspectiva do financiador público foi realizada uma avaliação econômica. O modelo desenvolvido consiste em um levantamento dos custos incorridos até a dispensa ção de medicamentos. A análise de Monte Carlo foi utilizada para estimar valores a partir das incertezas. Considerando que a população inicialmente estimada no RFMG fosse atendida em sua total...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The process of defining the hospital care profile in federal hospitals in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
This article analyzes the process of shaping the care profile of federal hospitals in the city of Rio de Janeiro. This is a qualitative, descriptive study that draws on semi-structured interviews with hospital administrators. Data analysis used the Collective Subject Discourse approach. Managers believe this process is the result of a set of emerging strategies, proposals and need for change, which result in adaptive reactions that hospitals develop with no coordination between them to resolve problems identified by professionals and managers. The process is analyzed much more from a political point of view than from a rat...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Oral Health in the Children's Preventive Health Care Initiative: indicators and goals in a Primary Health Care Service
The objective of this study is to assess fulfillment of the oral health goals of the Children's Preventive Health Care Initiative in 12 Health Units (HU) of a Primary Health Care Service, in Porto Alegre, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, through a cross-sectional analytical study on the annual dental visit coverage in early childhood. The study was comprised of 660 children born in 2010. In relation to the coverage of dental visits for each year of life of children, the health units did not achieve the set targets (100%). However, a considerable number of children (35%) had their first dental visit during the first year ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Dental decay in 5-year-old children: sociodemographic factors, monitoring points and parental attitudes
Resumo A c árie dentária afeta grande parte das crianças, principalmente as de baixo nível socioeconômico. Neste estudo, de delineamento transversal, objetivou-se investigar o papel de fatores sociodemográficos, atitudes parentais e do Lócus de Controle, indicador da percepção pessoal sobre o que cont rola a saúde do sujeito, na prevalência de cárie em pré-escolares de cinco anos, moradores de cidade de médio porte paulista. Avaliou-se o índice ceo-d de 426 crianças; os pais informaram sobre as característic...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Private Health Care Coverage in the Brazilian population, according to the 2013 Brazilian National Health Survey
This study aims to present the percentages of the Brazilian population holding health insurance plans, itemized by social-demographic characteristics, based on the data of the National Health Survey carried out in 2013, and to compare this information with the administrative data of the National Supplementary Health Agency for the same year. Data from the National Health Survey, and from the Beneficiaries Information System of the National Health Agency for the year 2013, were used. The percentage of people having a health plan was described according to stratification for: all of Brazil, urban/rural, Brazilian official Re...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Self-reported occupational accidents among Brazil's adult population based on data from the 2013 National Health Survey
Conclusion: the data provided by the National Health Survey comprises an unprecedented and invaluable source of information on these issues in Brazil. The results of the survey confirm that occupational accidents are underreported, since official figures do not cover individuals working in the informal sector. (Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Comparative study on mortality due to cardiovascular diseases in São Caetano do Sul, São Paulo, Brazil, between 1980 and 2010
Resumo A an álise do comportamento da mortalidade por doenças cardiovasculares (DCV) pode subsidiar medidas de prevenção e controle quanto à sua ocorrência. O objetivo deste artigo foi comparar taxas de mortalidade por DCV no município de São Caetano do Sul, no estado de São Paulo e no Brasil. Foram ca lculadas as taxas padronizadas de mortalidade e mortalidade proporcional por DCV de 1980 a 2010. Observou-se redução importante da mortalidade cardiovascular no período de 1980 a 2010 nas três unidades de estudo, sendo que a reduç...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Comparative study of satisfaction of users and health professionals with the public dental service
The objective was to confront the view of users and health professionals about the satisfaction with the public dental service. Interviews were conducted with users, professionals considered directly (ESB) and indirectly (ACS) involved in oral health. Variables were evaluated individually and grouped into domains. A score was created for the analysis and the Kruskal-Wallis test was applied. The respondents positively assessed the quality of the dental services. The ACS demonstrated less satisfaction compared to users regarding general satisfaction in the Physical Structure and Medical Care domains and the variables: qualit...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Risk factors of breast cancer and knowledge about the disease: an integrative revision of Latin American studies
Abstract The aim of this integrative review was to compare Latin American literature about risk and knowledge on breast cancer. Of 47 studies selected, 20 were about knowledge or awareness and 27 about risk of breast cancer. English was the dominant language in studies about risk, whereas studies about knowledge were mainly written in Spanish or Portuguese. Studies about knowledge were all cross- sectional, whereas case- control studies dominated authors ’ interest about risk of breast cancer. Studies about knowledge were mainly focused on early detection of the disease and the most common study objective was breast ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Quality of life of family caregivers of adults with spinal cord injury: a systematic review
Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a qualidade de vida de cuidadores familiares de adultos com les ão medular. Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática por dois pesquisadores, de forma independente, dos artigos publicados no período de 2000 a 2014, utilizando os descritores quality of life and caregivers or family and spinal cord, em português, inglês e espanhol. A busca foi conduzida na Bibli oteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) e no United States National Library of Medicine (PubMED). Os cuidadores de tetraplégicos apresentam pior qualidade de vida em relaç&atild...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Femicides in ethnic and racialized groups: syntheses
Resumo O texto “ Feminic ídios em grupos étnicos e racializados: sínteses ” apresenta algumas das discuss ões que aconteceram durante um foro sobre este tema em Buenaventura, na Colômbia. Buenaventura é o principal porto colombiano no Pacífico, uma região rica em minérios e corredor para a circulação de mercadorias, o que a torna um território estratégico e centro de disputas. No seminário, f oram discutidos os determinantes sociais e políticos do feminicídio, entendendo-o como uma tática de gue...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research