The medicalization of life: hybrids against the dichotomy Nature/Culture
Resumen Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar el proceso de medicalizaci ón en las sociedades actuales, a partir de la descripción de la forma en que la medicina se ha ido apropiando gradualmente de diversos aspectos de la vida cotidiana que antes formaban parte del ciclo de vida de las personas. Teóricamente, partimos de autores como Descola y Latour quienes problema tizan la dicotomía entre Naturaleza y cultura, planteando la necesidad de pensar desde una episteme superadora. Metodológicamente, dicha propuesta teórica habilita un análisis de la medicalización qu...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Quality of life and levels of physical activity of residents living in therapeutic residential care facilities in Southern Brazil
This study evaluated the quality of life and levels of physical activity of people living in therapeutic residential care facilities in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre. This case series study (n = 68) used SF-36, EuroQol and IPAQ and social-demographic questions. The SF-36 results showed that the domain of general health received the lowest scores (57.47 ± 14.27). The highest scores were in terms of social aspects (77.39 ± 20.21) and physical aspects (77.57 ± 39.71). When using EuroQol, at least one problem (mild or extreme) in at least one dimension was evident among 82% of the residents. The ph...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Transcultural adaptation of the Antifat Attitudes Test to Brazilian Portuguese
Resumo Indiv íduos obesos são muitas vezes considerados culpados por sua condição e alvos de discriminação e preconceito. O objetivo deste estudo é descrever a adaptação transcultural para o português do Brasil e validação do Antifat Attitudes Test - desenvolvido especificamente para a avaliação de atitudes negativas para com o indivíduo obeso. A escala possui 34 itens distribuídos em três subescalas nomeadas de “ deprecia ção social e do caráter ” (15 itens), “ n &atil...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Self-perceived oral health status, chewing ability and longevity in the elderly
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é verificar a condição bucal e a capacidade mastigatória autopercebidas em idosos longevos ( ≥ 80 anos). Foram utilizados dados do estudo multic êntrico FIBRA. A amostra foi composta por 2.341 indivíduos com ausência de déficit cognitivo, com idade ≥ 65 anos, no per íodo entre 2008 e 2009, quando os idosos foram submetidos à coleta de dados. Quanto ao desfecho, a idade foi dicotomizada em 65-79 e 80 anos ou mais. A associação entre longevidade e as variáveis sociodemográficas, comportamentais...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Satisfaction of Chagas disease patients attended at a pharmaceutical care service in the State of Ceará, Brazil
Resumo O Servi ço de Atenção Farmacêutica ao paciente com doença de Chagas do estado do Ceará foi criando em 2005, com a finalidade de proporcionar seguimento farmacoterapêutico àqueles com esta morbidade. Decorridos 10 anos de atuação, objetivou-se avaliar a satisfação dos pacientes atendidos no servi ço. Tratou-se de um estudo prospectivo, empregando um questionário subdividido nas seções: dados socioeconômicos; infraestrutura, localização e funcionamento; cuidado farmacêutico e import&a...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Comorbidities, potentially dangerous and low therapeutic index medications: factors linked to emergency visits
This article aims to investigate the morbidities related to medications, their risk factors and causes detected in patients who seek the Hospital Emergency Service of a University in the South of Brazil. Data collection was based on application of a questionnaire to patients of a minimum age of 18 years, that signing the Term of Free and Informed Consent (TFIC), during the period from October 2013 to March 2014, and analysis of electronic record charts. Cases were evaluated by pharmacists and a doctor to define whether it was a case of medication related morbidity (MRM) and to establish its possible causes. Avoidability of...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Improving patient care trajectories: an innovative quasi-experimental research method for health services
This article aims to create scores to obtain key variables and its application in the management of care of a given disease. We present a method called Epidemiological Planning for Patient Care Trajectory (PELC) and its application in a research of HIV pediatric patients. This case study is presented by means of two studies. The first study deals with the development of the method PELC. The second is HIV Pediatric case-control study based on PELC method. HIV pediatric research - the first practical PELC application - found these four key variables to the individual quality level care trajectories: adherence to ART, attendi...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The profile of caregivers to pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis
Resumo O objetivo desse estudo foi identificar o perfil do cuidador principal de pacientes pedi átricos com Fibrose Cística (FC). Estudo transversal, descritivo e prospectivo, no qual foi realizado, durante consulta farmacêutica, entrevista com cuidadores de pacientes fibrocísticos acompanhados em um centro de referência de um Hospital Universitário do Sul do Brasil. Foram obtidas inform ações gerais sobre os cuidadores, sobre o entendimento da doença, os medicamentos em uso do paciente e a dinâmica do tratamento em domicílio e na escola. Foram entre...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Pronouncements on humanization: professionals and users in a complex health institution
Resumo O artigo apresenta os discursos de profissionais e usu ários de uma instituição de pesquisa e assistência em saúde acerca da humanização. Foram entrevistados 16 profissionais e 44 usuários. As entrevistas foram analisadas pelo método do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo e discutidas à luz do referencial teórico que inclui a Teoria da Ação Comuni cativa, de Habermas e autores reconhecidos da saúde coletiva. Os achados apontam para a importância do conjunto de tecnologias duras, leve-duras e leves para a prática hu...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Influence of environmental conditions on the prevalence of systemic hypertension in two riverine communities in the Amazon, Brazil
This article discusses the influence of environmental conditions on the prevalence of systemic hypertension in two riverine communities in the Sustainable Development Reserve of Tup é, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil, through an ecological study of multiple groups and contextual analysis carried out with the local inhabitants. To identify the environmental etiology describing the risk of disease development, the study compares demographics, incidence rates and common daily practices in these communities, using data collected in the field, between 2012 and 2014, as well as values provided by IBGE, originally from National H...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Anthropometric changes and their effects on cardiometabolic risk factors in rural populations in Brazil
This article aims to evaluate associations between anthropometric changes in five years with lipid and blood pressure levels in Brazilian rural population. This longitudinal study evaluated 387 individuals aged 18 to 75 residents of two rural communities. Demographic, lifestyle, anthropometric, biochemical and hemodynamic characteristics were assessed in 2004 and repeated in 2009. Multivariate linear regression was used. Positive change in BMI was associated with increased diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ( β = 0.07; 95%CI: 0.03-0.11), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) (increase of 0.01% to 10%: β = 0.08; 95%CI: 0.02...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Sociodemographic and environmental analysis for the occurrence of anti-Leptospira antibodies in dogs of Teresina, Piauí, Brazil
This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors for the occurrence of anti-Leptospira antibodies in dogs in the capital Teresina (PI), and to determine their spatial distribution. Five hundred fifty-eight dog blood samples were submitted to the Microscopic Serum Agglutination (MSA) test. We applied semi-structured questionnaires to dog owners and obtained the area of residence for projection in geographical maps. Serum prevalence was 13.8%, in which the most common serovar was icterohaemorrhagiae, with 49.2%. Dogs with street access, failure to collect food bowl and low income of owners were risk factors. There was a higher ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Obstacles to return to work: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the questionnaire to the Brazilian context
Resumo Os raros question ários existentes no Brasil que abordam retorno ao trabalho são físicos e/ou psicológicos e não abrangem questões relativas ao ambiente de trabalho. O Obstacles to Return-to-Work Questionnaire (ORTWQ) é multidimensional, inclui fatores biopsicossociais, ambientais e tem se mostrado útil como preditor de retorno ao trabalho. Este estudo tem como objetivo discutir a importância, para a Vigilância em Saúde do Trabalhador, de questionários que identificam os obstáculos para retorno ao trabalho, bem como traduzir e a...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health needs of the rural population in environmental conflict due to the installation of Irrigated Perimeters
Resumo As transforma ções no cenário agrícola brasileiro vêm reconfigurando os modos de vida no campo, com repercussões sobre a saúde da população camponesa. Objetiva-se analisar necessidades de saúde de camponeses, identificadas por um coletivo de atores da universidade, Sistema Único de Saúde e movimentos sociais. Pesquisa-ação, cujo grupo foi constituído por agentes comunitários de saúde, trabalhadores de Centro de Referência em Saúde do Trabalhador, professor universitário e represen...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal pain among bus drivers and fare collectors in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Resumo A dor musculoesquel ética em profissionais do setor de transporte tem sido relacionada às condições de trabalho. Objetivou-se estimar a prevalência de dor cervical e sua relação com a dor em outros sítios (braços, mãos e ombros). Verificou-se a associação entre dor no pescoço, relacionada ou não à dor no s outros sítios, com os fatores ocupacionais. Estudo transversal, descritivo e analítico. Foram entrevistados 799 motoristas e 708 cobradores de ônibus da Região Metropolitana de Belo Ho...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Workplace Accident Prevalence and Associated Factors among Tobacco Farm in São Lourenço do Sul-RS, Brazil
This article aims to evaluate workplace accident prevalence and associated factors among tobacco farm in Sao Lourenco do Sul-RS, Brazil. Cross-sectional study with 488 tobacco farmers, assessing sociodemographic, behavioural, labour characteristics and association with workplace accidents occurring in their lifetime. The injury prevalence was 24%. Being male (PR 1.62; 95%CI 1.04-2.52), and tenant farmer (PR 1.87; 95%CI 1.29-2.72), bundling tobacco leaves (PR 2.00; 95%CI 1.14-3.52) and having minor psychiatric disorders (PR 1.58; 95%CI 1.06-2.35) were positively associated with accidents. 46% of serious injuries caused supe...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Noncommunicable Chronic Diseases: the contemporary challenge in Public Health
(Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - May 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Lottenberg C. Saúde e cidadania: tecnologia a serviço do paciente e não ao contrário. São Paulo: Editora Atheneu; 2015.
This article presents the findings of a study of the coverage of health, science and technology during 2012 by the Jornal Nacional, a national television news program in Brazil produced by the Rede Globo de Televis ão. A total of 246 news stories addressing health-related topics were analyzed, half of which addressed scientific research, technological innovation and hospital care, and were shown to represent a doctor-centered discourse. The findings also show that 82% of the news stories concerning science an d technology advertise products that are about to be introduced onto the market, illustrating the commercial...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Marques SMF. Implantação de programa de acreditação de serviços de saúde: a qualidade como vantagem competitiva. Rio de Janeiro: MedBook; 2015.
This article presents the findings of a study of the coverage of health, science and technology during 2012 by the Jornal Nacional, a national television news program in Brazil produced by the Rede Globo de Televis ão. A total of 246 news stories addressing health-related topics were analyzed, half of which addressed scientific research, technological innovation and hospital care, and were shown to represent a doctor-centered discourse. The findings also show that 82% of the news stories concerning science an d technology advertise products that are about to be introduced onto the market, illustrating the commercial...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health as science and the biological body as an artifact: the case of Brazil's national TV news program Jornal Nacional
This article presents the findings of a study of the coverage of health, science and technology during 2012 by the Jornal Nacional, a national television news program in Brazil produced by the Rede Globo de Televis ão. A total of 246 news stories addressing health-related topics were analyzed, half of which addressed scientific research, technological innovation and hospital care, and were shown to represent a doctor-centered discourse. The findings also show that 82% of the news stories concerning science an d technology advertise products that are about to be introduced onto the market, illustrating the commercial...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Association between sociodemographic and health factors and the practice of walking in a rural area
Conclusion Age between 31 and 45 years and males were positively associated with walking and the perception of poor/fair health had negative association. These findings may suggest that public policies to encourage physical activity in urban areas should also be applied to rural areas. (Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Caries prevalence among Brazilian indigenous population of urban areas based on the 2010 National Oral Health Survey
Abstract It is important to have an epidemiological understanding of oral diseases among indigenous persons, in order to contribute with the organization of health services for these populations. The SB Brasil 2010 database was used to compare the prevalence of dental caries among 308 self-identified indigenous and 37,211 non-indigenous individuals from urban areas, in the following age/age-groups: 5, 12, 15-19, 35-44, 65-74. The study also analyzed the effect of the complex sample design and the sample weight in the outcomes. Kruskal-Wallis, Wilcoxon Scores (Rank Sums), logistic and multiple linear regressions were used f...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evolution of accesses to information on breast cancer and screening on the Brazilian National Cancer Institute website: an exploratory study
Abstract Delays in diagnosis due to low Breast Cancer awareness are widespread in Brazil maybe owing to ineffective strategies to raise attention on early diagnosis. As a proxy of collective interest in BC screanning (BCS) we studied the monthly accesses to BC and BCS webpages in INCA's website along 48 months. A log analyzer built a time serie (2006-2009) of BC and BCS monthly means, which oscilations were studied by analysis of variance (ANOVA). We found significant increasing accesses to BC and transient “ attention peaks ” . Enlargement in BC/BCS differences along all period were caused by increasing access...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The quality of life of health professionals working in the prison system
This study aimed to evaluate the Quality of Work Life (QWL) of health professionals in prisons and identify QWL-associated factors. This is an exploratory, descriptive and cross-sectional survey conducted in five prisons. The study included 29 health professionals, who answered the TQWL-42 questionnaire. Results were obtained through descriptive statistics and multiple linear regressions. QWL was higher among women, younger workers, professionals with incomplete higher education or who have been working at the prison for 4 to 6 years. QWL overall assessment was 69.55 points. We observed that variables gender and education ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Spatial and differential income pattern of households of adolescents and young adults who are victims of maxillofacial injuries resulting from firearm aggression
Resumo O estudo investigou o padr ão espacial dos casos de traumatismo maxilofacial decorrentes de agressão com arma de fogo em adolescentes e adultos jovens a partir do local de domicílio das vítimas e analisou comparativamente os diferenciais de renda dessas áreas. Estudo transversal com dados de vítimas atendidas em três h ospitais de Belo Horizonte-MG, entre janeiro de 2008 e dezembro de 2010. Endereços foram georeferenciados por geocodificação. Tendências de aleatoriedade e densidade de pontos foram analisadas por Função K de Ripl...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Concurrent and face validity of the MacArthur scale for assessing subjective social status: Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
Resumo Este trabalho avaliou a validade concorrente e de face da escala de MacArthur, que busca aferir o status social subjetivo (SSS) na sociedade, na vizinhan ça e no trabalho. A amostra de 159 adultos, participantes da coorte ELSA-Brasil, em Minas Gerais (2012-2014), foi selecionada e a análise incluiu métodos epidemiológicos, a teoria cognitiva da metáfora e a linguística de corpus. A validade concorrente foi moderada para a escada da sociedade (k appaw = 0,55) e boa para a vizinhança (kappaw = 0,60) e do trabalho (kappaw = 0,67). A validade de face da escala de MacArthu...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Condom use in last sexual intercourse among undergraduate students: how many are using them and who are they?
Resumo Foi conduzida pesquisa transversal para medir a preval ência do uso de preservativo na última relação sexual entre universitários e os fatores associados. Foram elegíveis estudantes de graduação de uma universidade pública federal, com idade igual ou superior a 18 anos, dos campi de Rio Grande/RS. Foi utilizada amostragem sistemática, em um ú nico estágio, com base na listagem de turmas e questionário autoaplicável como instrumento. Foram empregadas análises descritiva, bivariada e multivariável, com regres...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Profile of spending on the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis for patients of the Unified Health System in the state of Minas Gerais - 2008-2013
This study identified the factors that have an impact on RA drug treatment expenditure. Also, we showed that methods that enable extracting demographic and expenditure data of administrative information systems may represent important tools in the construction of economic studies to subsidize economic health evaluations, especially from the standpoint of the managers. (Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Integrality in Brazil and Venezuela: similarities and complementarities
This study aims to compare Primary Health Care (PHC) in Brazil and Venezuela, considering its characteristics as to integrality. It has a qualitative approach, using documental analysis, semi-structured interviews with key informants and field diary notes. We observed the three realms of integrality inherent to the health work process: comprehensive and holistic care, the individual viewed as a complex being with multiple needs, requiring the connection of various health knowledge; continuity of care in institutional micro-policy with interprofessional articulation, in order to consider individual care; continuity of care ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Self-reported hypertension in adults residing in Campinas, Brazil: prevalence, associated factors and control practices in a population-based study
Conclusion: Despite the equity disclosed in access to health care, the present findings demonstrate that an insufficient proportion of adults adopt changes in lifestyle to control hypertension, underscoring the central role of public health administrators. (Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The medical archive work process: new perspectives concerning health care
This study aims to analyze hospital medical archive sector professionals ’ work process from the dynamics of micro-policy articulated with institutional analysis. As a descriptive qualitative research theoretically based on micro-policy of the health work process and Institutional Analysis, this study identifies with analyzers daily issues of the medical archive that can disclose strategies developed by health workers and disputes that occur on a daily basis. Therefore, it was possible to recognize in two hospitals that these workers held important knowledge about the dynamics of the health work process. As facilitat...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Trajectory in narratives: experiences of mental illness and the city of Belo Horizonte
Resumo O artigo busca compreender as rela ções estabelecidas entre portadores de sofrimento mental assistidos em um serviço aberto e comunitário e a cidade de Belo Horizonte (BH), capital do Estado de Minas Gerais. Compreende-se que a experiência da loucura é capaz de gerar narrativas que buscam atribuir sentido ao sofrimento e auxili am as pessoas a negociar as decisões cotidianas. O método biográfico foi utilizado para a construção das narrativas de trajetórias de vida dos três participantes do estudo. Cada pessoa atribuiu um sentido...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Overweight and associated factors in Quilombolas from the middle San Francisco, Bahia, Brazil
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a prevalência do excesso de peso e os fatores associados em adultos de comunidade quilombola do médio São Francisco baiano. Estudo transversal com amostra de 112 adultos. O excesso de peso foi avaliado pelo índice de massa corporal (IMC). A regressão linear foi usada para testar as associações, conforme modelo hierárquico de análise. A prevalência de excesso de peso foi de 27,7% (Intervalo de Confiança de 95% - IC95%: 19,3;36,1), com IMC médio de 23,1(± 3,8) Kg/m2, na análise m&ua...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Suicide attempts: epidemiologic trends towards geoprocessing
Abstract In order to study data about suicide attempts and do the mapping of occurrence areas, it was developed an ecologic and exploring study, making use of techniques of geoprocessing, based on confirmed cases of suicide attempts. Cases of self-poisoning were included in the urban area of Campina Grande county, in the period of 2010-2013. A total of 446 suicide attempts were geo-referred, pointing up an incidence of 120 cases out of each 100,000 inhabitants. The sample was mostly feminine (66.4%), and 62.3% being up to 30 years old. Kernel's map remarked hot spot areas. Compared to surrounding areas the suicide risk of ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Food security in indigenous and peasant populations: a systematic review
Resumen La seguridad alimentaria y su vulnerabilidad en poblaciones ind ígenas y campesinas, se ha convertido en un tema de interés para la salud pública alrededor de todo el mundo, en asuntos como medición, clasificación y factores que la determinan. Esta revisión sistemática tiene como propósito describir la situación de la seguridad alimentaria en comunidade s indígenas y campesinas, y los métodos empleados para su evaluación. La búsqueda de la literatura se realizó en las bases de datos PubMed (5), ScienceDirect (221) y Sc...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Food and nutrition insecurity indicators associated with iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian children: a systematic review
This study aimed to review food and nutrition insecurity indicators associated with iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian children below 5 years. We searched in electronic databases (SciELO, Lilacs, and Medline) and selected studies by titles, abstracts and full-text reading. Of the 1,023 studies analyzed, 11 fit the inclusion criteria. The results of the studies evidenced that iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian children was associated with sociodemographic and health indicators (male, age below 24 months, children of adolescent mothers, respiratory infections, diarrhea, low maternal schooling, parents ’ working condi...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health, pain and daily activities among elderly people practicing Lian Gong and sedentary elderly people
Resumo A pr ática regular de atividade física entre idosos contribui tanto para a prevenção e a redução da dor, quanto atua na promoção do envelhecimento ativo. Diante disso, este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a presença de dor crônica em idosos atendidos em uma unidade de atenção primária do i nterior do estado de São Paulo, comparando os praticantes da ginástica chinesa (Lian Gong) e os idosos sedentários. Participaram deste estudo 60 idosos, sendo 30 integrantes de um grupo de Lian Gong e 30 sedentár...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with being underweight among elderly community-dwellers from seven Brazilian cities: the FIBRA Study
Resumo O objetivo foi estimar a preval ência de baixo peso em idosos segundo variáveis demográficas, socioeconômicas, de comportamentos relacionados à saúde, morbidades e estado de saúde. Trata-se de estudo transversal, multicêntrico, que envolveu 3.478 idosos da comunidade ( ≥ 65 anos). O Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) foi calculado com informações aferidas de peso e altura. A variável dependente foi o baixo peso, classificada pelo IMC
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Fall-related admission and mortality in older adults in Brazil: trend analysis
Conclusion: Fall-related mortality and admission rates increased in Brazil but varied by gender and state of residence. The results of this study do not only monitor the problem over time but may also help plan technological and human resources to prevent and control falls. (Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with the need for oral treatment of elderly Brazilians: a multilevel analysis
Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivos estimar a preval ência da necessidade de prótese e tratamento dental em idosos brasileiros, e verificar a associação entre essas necessidades e fatores contextuais e individuais. Realizou-se estudo com dados (n = 7.619) da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde Bucal – SB Brasil 2010. Modelos de regress ão logística multinível foram utilizados para estimar odds ratio e intervalos de 95% de confiança entre as necessidades de tratamento e as variáveis contextuais (Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal, Coeficient...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Circumstances and consequences of care: characterization of the family caregiver in palliative care
Resumo Os cuidadores familiares desempenham um importante papel ao cuidar de um paciente em situa ção de doença avançada. Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar o cuidador familiar de cuidados paliativos, avaliando as circunstâncias e as consequências da prestação de cuidados e a preparação para a perda do ente querido. Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, prospectivo e longitudina l. A amostra foi constituída por 60 cuidadores familiares, maioritariamente mulheres, casadas, com idade média de 44,53 anos. A maioria dos cuidadores coabita ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Awareness about falls and elderly people's exposure to household risk factors
Conclusion: The majority of the elderly population displayed little knowledge on falls and were exposed to a variety of daily risk factors. Individuals who were more advanced in years and who had more knowledge on falls, were exposed to less household risk factors. This may well have been due to the adoption of preventative measures through changing domestic environment. (Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Predictors of suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms among adolescents in Chiapas, Mexico
Resumen El objetivo del trabajo es evaluar la presencia de ideaci ón suicida y sintomatología depresiva a partir de variables predictoras en adolescentes de Chiapas, México. El estudio es de tipo transversal, ex post-facto. Se aplicaron las escalas de Ideación Suicida, de Depresión del Centro de Estudios Epidemiológicos, Impulsividad y Autoestima, a una mues tra no probabilística de 4,759 estudiantes de ambos sexos, con una edad promedio de 18.4 años. Los resultados indican que el puntaje de media para la ideación suicida (0.2), es inferior a lo reportado en ot...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Guidance on breastfeeding in primary health care and the association with exclusive breastfeeding
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a associação entre o recebimento de orientações sobre amamentação na atenção básica à saúde e o aleitamento materno exclusivo. Estudo transversal conduzido em 2013, mediante entrevista a 429 mães de crianças menores de seis meses, em unidades básicas da cidade do Rio de Jan eiro. Razões de prevalência ajustadas do desfecho foram obtidas por regressão de Poisson, sendo mantidas no modelo final as variáveis associadas ao desfecho (p ≤ 0,05). A preval ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Religiosity as a possible protective factor against “binge drinking” among 12-year-old students: a population-based study
Resumo Associada a impactos positivos sobre a sa úde, a religiosidade tem se apresentado como possível fator protetor contra o consumo do álcool por adolescentes. O presente estudo buscou avaliar a prevalência do consumo em “ binge ” por escolares de 12 anos de Diamantina-MG e sua associa ção com a religiosidade. A amostra foi um censo de 588 escolares. A análise estatística envolveu o teste qui-quadrado de Pearson (p
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Pregnancy and abortion experience among children, adolescents and youths living on the streets
Resumo O objetivo deste estudo é identificar a prevalência de experiência de gravidez e aborto e os fatores associados em crianças, adolescentes e jovens em situação de rua, das cidades de Porto Alegre e Rio Grande, RS, Brasil. Neste estudo transversal, como método de amostragem, foi utilizado o Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS), inovador em pesquisas com populações de difícil acesso. Foram entrevistados 307 indivíduos, com idade entre 10 e 21 anos. Na análise multivariada foi utilizada regressão de Poisson, com ajuste robusto da vari&a...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Exposure to fluoride of children during the critical age for dental fluorosis, in the semiarid region of Brazil
Conclusions: the children evaluated living in the semiarid region are not exposed to a risk dose for dental fluorosis. (Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Satisfaction with care received in pediatric emergency services: impact of family interaction and emotional disturbance
This study addresses the relationship between two key elements in satisfaction with pediatric emergency services, namely emotional disturbance and family interaction. The main goal is to determine whether family cohesion and adaptability and anger may be associated with differential levels of satisfaction among parents whose children were attended in pediatric emergency units. It is a descriptive study for which a sample of 711 parents whose children were attended in 6 pediatric emergency services was studied. The Spanish version of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (Staxi-2), the Satisfaction with Healthcare Se...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Sexual violence against children: authors, victims and consequences
This study highlights that the child sexual abuse profiles were similar in almost all of Brazilian regions, showing that it is possible to have a coordinated national action to prevent this offence. (Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Childhood and longevity: vulnerabilities, continuities and discontinuities
(Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research