Analysis of modified double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with implantless fixation on tibial side.
CONCLUSION: MDB ACLR has shown better outcome than SB ACLR. It is a simple technique that does not require fixation on tibial side and resultant graft is close to native ACL. PMID: 32417042 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - April 30, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sinha S, Naik AK, Kumar A, Jacob T, Kar S Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Analysis of risk factors contributing to road traffic accidents in a tertiary care hospital. A hospital based cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: There should be control over people driving vehicles under the influence of alcohol and drivers over-speeding and rash driving on urban roads as well as rural village roads. PMID: 32381399 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - April 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kumar S, Mahima, Srivastava DK, Kharya P, Sachan N, Kiran K Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Injury surveillance information system: A review of the system requirements.
CONCLUSION: ISISs can help to improve healthcare planning and injury prevention. Since different countries have various technical and organizational infrastructures, it is essential to identify system requirements in different settings. PMID: 32334919 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - April 8, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Mirani N, Ayatollahi H, Khorasani-Zavareh D Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Experts' perspectives on the application of public-private partnership policy in prevention of road traffic injuries.
CONCLUSION: This study sought to determine whether PPP could be used as strategy to reduce the burden of RTIs in Iran. But it requires a lot of preliminary studies to provide the context and conditions for applying this policy. PMID: 32278612 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - April 8, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Azami-Aghdash S, Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Saadati M, Mohseni M, Gharaee H Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Does a staged treatment of high energy tibial plateau fractures affect functional results and bony union? A case series.
Abstract PURPOSE: Tibial plateau fracture (TPF) is a devastating injury as it shatters lower articular surface of the largest joint. Apart from bony injury, TPF can lead to great soft tissue envelope compromise which affects the treatment plan and outcome. In the present study, clinical results were assessed in cases of high energy TPFs treated in staged manner. METHODS: Twenty-three (20 males and 3 females) patients of high energy communited TPFs (Schatzker type V and VI) were consecutively treated.1 All the patient had compromise of overlying skin conditions. They were all successively scheduled for staged ...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - April 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Barwar N, Elhence A, Banerjee S, Gahlot N Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Rational design of secondary operation for penetrating head injury: A case report.
We present a case of a 15-year-old boy who was stabbed with a bamboo stick in his left eye. The chopsticks passed through the orbit roof and penetrated the skull base. In subsequent days, the patient sustained CSF leak and intracranial infection after an unsatisfied primary treatment in the local hospital and had to request a secondary operation in our department. Computed tomography including plain scan, three dimension reconstruction and computed tomographic angiography are used to determine the course and extent of head injury. A frontal craniotomy was performed. Three pieces of stick were found residual and removed wit...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - March 11, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yuan YK, Sun T, Zhou YC, Li XP, Yu H, Guan JW Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

The common road safety approaches: A scoping review and thematic analysis.
CONCLUSION: A systemic approach to road safety seems to be welcomed by most developed and developing countries, and a paradigm shift towards a safe system has taken place. Also, given the successful results of implementing vision zero in leading countries, most countries are trying to design and implement this approach. Finally, the choice and implementation of road safety approaches varies according to the principles, priorities and infrastructure of each country. PMID: 32178997 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - February 28, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Safarpour H, Khorasani-Zavareh D, Mohammadi R Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Finger pulp reconstruction with thenar flap: Aesthetic and functional outcome.
CONCLUSION: Thenar flap is a good choice for reconstruction of the finger pulp as it provides the bulk with good functional and aesthetic outcome. PMID: 32178999 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - February 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sahu RK, Kala PC, Dixit PK, Chakraborty SS, K S, Katrolia D Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Maxillofacial trauma in a pregnant patient: Contemporary management principles with a case report & review of literature.
This article aims at analyzing the contemporary principles in management of maxillofacial trauma in a pregnant woman and clarifying the common misconceptions. PMID: 32178998 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - February 19, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sridharan G, Panneerselvam E, Ponvel K, Tarun S, Krishna Kumar Raja VB Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Characteristics and outcome of traumatic chest injury patients visited a specialized hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A one-year retrospective study.
CONCLUSION: RTC contributed for a considerable number of traumatic chest injuries in this study. Old age, delay in delivering the victim to health care facilities, length of stay in hospital, and development of atelectasis and pneumonia were associated with death among traumatic chest injury patients. Road safety interventions, establishment of organized pre-hospital services, and early recognition and prompt management of traumatic chest injury related complications are urgently needed to overcome the underlying problems in the study setting. PMID: 32111481 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - February 7, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Baru A, Weldegiorgis E, Zewdu T, Hussien H Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Similar functional outcome using single anterior portal and standard two portals technique in recurrent dislocation of shoulder.
Abstract PURPOSE: Recurrent dislocation of shoulder (RDS) is a common injury in high demand professionals, like athletes and military personnel. The treatment for the patients with Bankart lesion is the arthroscopic repair. This present study compares the outcomes of two different techniques of arthroscopic Bankart repair i.e. a standard two anterior portals technique and a single anterior portal technique in patients with RDS. METHODS: Patients with traumatic RDS met the inclusion criteria were managed with Bankart repair using either two anterior portals (Group A) or a single anterior portal (Group B) techn...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - January 24, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ghai A, Sachdeva J, Sood M, Sud A, Chauhan M, Singh S Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Annual review of Chinese Journal of Traumatology 2019.
Abstract Trauma is the leading cause of death in people under the age of 45 years, and it has gained wide attention from academics worldwide. Therefore, more and more studies have reported on trauma and related fields in recent decades. In 2019, Chinese Journal of Traumatology (CJTEE) published 69 articles covering traffic medicine, wound healing, bone trauma, emergency care, and other hot topics of traumatology. Here we reviewed a series of articles published in CJTEE on the topics mentioned above, try to give a brief introduction of progress in trauma field. PMID: 32057563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - January 21, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Zhao WJ, Guan JJ, Liu GE, Tian Y, Li L Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Comparison of traditional vascular reconstruction with covered stent in the treatment of subclavian artery injury.
CONCLUSION: Rapid reconstruction of blood circulation is crucial following subclavian artery injury, no matter what kinds of treatment strategies have been adopted. Interventional stent implantation can achieve a good effect for limb salvage. PMID: 32057562 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - January 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tian X, Liu JL, Jia W, Jiang P, Cheng ZY, Zhang YX, Li JY, Tian CY Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Emergency percutaneous thoracic endovascular aortic repair for patients with traumatic thoracic aortic blunt injury: A single center experience.
CONCLUSION: Emergency percutaneous endovascular repair is a less invasive and effective approach for the treatment of traumatic blunt aortic injuries. Long-term result remains to be further followed. PMID: 32057561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - January 17, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Pu X, Huang XY, Huang LJ Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Value of lung ultrasound score for evaluation of blast lung injury in goats.
Abstract PURPOSE: To establish a severe blast lung injury model of goats and investigate the feasibility of lung ultrasonic score in the evaluation of blast lung injury. METHODS: Twenty female healthy goats were randomly divided into three groups by different driving pressures: 4.0 MPa group (n = 4), 4.5 MPa group (n = 12) and 5.0 MPa group (n = 4). The severe blast lung injury model of goats was established using a BST-I bio-shock tube. Vital signs (respiration, heart rate and blood pressure), lung ultrasound score (LUS), PO2/FiO2 and extravascular lung water (EVL...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - January 11, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Xue YQ, Wu CS, Zhang HC, Du J, Sun JH, Zhang AQ, Zeng L, Zhang M, Jiang JX Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Risk factors associated with the progression of extra-axial hematoma in the original frontotemporoparietal site after contralateral decompressive surgery in traumatic brain injury patients.
CONCLUSION: Progressive EAH is correlated with several variables, such as hematoma volumes ≥10 mL at the original impact location and the absence of an apparent midline shift (
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - January 3, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Chen P, Deng YB, Hu X, Zhou W, Zhang QT, Zhang LY, Xu MH Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Low expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and high serum level of cyclic guanine monophosphate as the risk factors of femoral head osteonecrosis in alcohol-exposed Wistar rat.
This study aimed to explore the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and cyclic guanine monophosphate (cGMP) serum level as the risk factors of femoral head osteonecrosis in alcohol-exposed Wistar rats. METHODS: This was an experimental study using randomized post-test only control group design, with samples using 10-14 weeks Wistar male rats. Rats were then divided into 6 groups: 3 groups without intervention, and 3 groups with intervention using 40% alcohol given perorally. Each one group from intervention and control group was euthanized by the end of the week for 3 consecutive weeks. Proximal fe...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - December 27, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Suyasa IK, Wiradewi Lestari AA Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Percutaneous suture technique with ProGlide to manage vascular access pseudoaneurysm after percutaneous coronary intervention procedure: A case report.
Abstract Iatrogenic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm is a common complication of the endovascular procedures. Manual compression and thrombin injection are the conventional techniques to occlude the pseudoaneurysms. However, there are still some failed cases that applied these treatment options. The aim of the study is to seek a potential and alternative method with ProGlide system to close the pseudoaneurysm. During April 2018 to February 2019, 2 patients with iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm of the superficial femoral were treated with the suture-base closure device--ProGlide. After punctured the pseudoaneurysm and placed...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - December 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Liu W, Liu C, Lu SY Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Sepsis patient evaluation emergency department (SPEED) score & mortality in emergency department sepsis (MEDS) score in predicting 28-day mortality of emergency sepsis patients.
This study aims to improve the management processes of sepsis patients by comparing SPEED score and MEDS score for predicting the 28-day mortality in cases of emergency sepsis. METHODS: The study is a cross-sectional, prospective study including 61 sepsis patients in ED in Suez Canal University Hospital, Egypt, from August 2017 to June 2018. Patients were selected by two steps: (1) suspected septic patients presenting with at least one of the following abnormal clinical findings: (a) body temperature higher than 38 °C or lower than 36 °C, (b) heart rate higher than 90 beats/min, (c) hyperventilation ...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - November 6, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Elbaih AH, Elsayed ZM, Ahmed RM, Abd-Elwahed SA Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Experience in surgery treatment of type Ⅱ odontoid fractures: A report of two cases and review of the literature.
Abstract We aim to report two cases of type Ⅱ odontoid fractures to share our experience in surgery treatment of type Ⅱ odontoid fractures. A 33-year-old woman with comminuted type Ⅱ odontoid fracture and a 42-year-old man with fracture end hardened type Ⅱ odontoid fracture received surgical treatment in our hospital. Though imaging examination suggested that these two patients were suitable for anterior screw fixation, we encountered difficulties during the operation. The two patients eventually underwent posterior C1-C2 fusion surgery and recovered well. According to the experience of these two cases, we...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - November 1, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yang S, Liu YJ, Jiang WM Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Key points in surgical management of mandibular condylar fractures.
Abstract Mandibular condylar fractures are among the most common facial fractures and some of the most difficult to manage. Opinions about the management of mandibular condylar fractures differ among surgeons. With the implementation of new technology, an increased understanding of fracture management, and better functional and morphological outcomes reported in the literature, open reduction and internal fixation is becoming many surgeons' preferred choice for the treatment of condylar fractures. Because surgical treatment of such fractures is complex, certain factors must be considered to achieve satisfactory ou...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - November 1, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Shakya S, Zhang X, Liu L Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Unexpected complication of arteriovenous fistula of the left common carotid to internal jugular vein following central venous catheterization.
Abstract Incidence of inadvertent arterial puncture secondary to central venous catheter insertion is not common with an arterial puncture rate of
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - October 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Henry TCL, Huei TJ, Yuzaidi M, Safri LS, Krishna K, Rizal IA, Mohamad Azim MI, Harunarashid H Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

An investigation of prognosis in children with traumatic injuries referring to the emergency department of Imam Hussein Hospital, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract PURPOSE: Trauma may lead to serious complications in children patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate prognosis in children with traumatic injuries. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on all of the children (
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - September 26, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Akbaryan F, Derakhshanfar H, Heidari K, Vafaei A, Matin S Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Supra- and infra-tentorial subacute extradural hematoma.
We report this case of a supra- and infra-tentorial subacute EDH on a 4 years old child. PMID: 31653504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - September 14, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Al-Zekri M, Assoumane I, Bachir S, Handis C, Khelifa A, Morsli A Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Schwannoma of the upper cervical spine--a case report.
We report a 54-year-old male patient with chief complain of progressive weakness and numbness of his right arm for four months. He had a history of lymph node tumor in 2007 and excised in 2011. Neurological decrease was found on the right arm. The radiographic examination showed lytic lesion on the second, third, and fourth cervical spine. Computed tomography scan showed destruction extending to the first cervical vertebra. Capsulated extradural and extramedullary mass and compression to the spinal cord was found from the magnetic resonance imaging. Two-stage operation was performed. The first stage was posterior decompres...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - September 5, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Airlangga PA, Prijambodo B, Hidayat AR, Benedicta S Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Paratricipital two window approach for complex intraarticular distal humerus fractures: A prospective analysis of 27 patients.
CONCLUSION: Paratricipital 2 window approach for these fractures had good functional outcome with fewer complications. We advocate paratricipital 2 window approach when dealing with these complex fractures particularly, in type C1 and type C2. PMID: 31653503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - August 23, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Singh H, Kanodia N, Singh R Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Road traffic safety: An analysis of the cross-effects of economic, road and population factors.
CONCLUSION: The increase of GDP and traffic investment can significantly reduce the number of road traffic casualties in China, which shows that economic development is essential to improve road traffic safety. The number of new road mileage, newly increased population and the new motor vehicles are positively correlated with the number of traffic accident casualties in traffic accidents, which reflects the existing problems in road design, distribution of road resources, and traffic management in China. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the economic and road related aspects to improve road traffic safety. PMID: 3...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - August 23, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sun LL, Liu D, Chen T, He MT Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

WoundCareLog APP - A new application to record wound diagnosis and healing.
PMID: 31481277 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - August 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Dong W, Nie LJ, Wu MJ, Xie T, Liu YK, Tang JJ, Dong JY, Qing C, Lu SL Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Correlation between tibial nail length and olecrenon to 5th metacarpal head measurement: An anthropometric study.
CONCLUSION: O-MH measurement is a useful and accurate means of estimating tibial nail length preoperatively. PMID: 31481278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - August 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Hegde A, Mohammed N, Ahmed NR Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

National Spinal Cord Injury Registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR) - a critical appraisal of its strengths and weaknesses.
Abstract The National Spinal Cord Injury Registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR) is a not-for-profit, hospital-based, and prospective observational registry that appraises the quality of care, long-term outcomes and the personal and psychological burden of traumatic SCI in Iran. Benchmarking validity in every registry includes, rigorous attention to data quality. Data quality assurance is essential for any registry to make sure that correct patients are being enrolled and that the data being collected is valid. We reviewed strengths and weaknesses of the NSCIR-IR while considering the methodological guidelines and recommendat...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - July 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sharif-Alhoseini M, Azadmanjir Z, Sadeghi-Naini M, Ghodsi Z, Naghdi K, Mohammadzadeh M, AzarHomayoun A, Zendehdel K, Khormali M, Sadeghian F, Jazayeri SB, Sehat M, Pirnejad H, Benzel EC, O'Reilly G, Fehlings MG, Vaccaro AR, Rahimi-Movaghar V Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Reducing shoulder dislocation without anaesthesia or assistant: Validation of a new reduction manoeuvre.
CONCLUSION: This relatively painless technique of shoulder reduction is easy to acquire and practice in emergency department. The advantages of this manoeuvre and its associated safety may justly lead surgeons to select it as their primary method for reduction of anterior shoulder dislocations. PMID: 31362854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - July 6, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Anjum R, Pathak S, Sharma AR, Aggarwal J, Sharma A, Pruthi V, Chaudhary AK Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

A study of attributable variables impacting orthopedic trauma surgical training.
In this study, we focused on two key aspects of surgical training variables, namely, surgical duration & C-arm shoots when the procedure is done by a faculty surgeon in comparison to done by an orthopedic resident under supervision of faculty surgeon. METHODS: It is an observational prospective study, we observed patients undergoing 1 of 5 common orthopedic trauma operations in a community teaching hospital. We recorded two variables, 'skin to skin' surgical duration & number of image intensifier television/C-arm shoots of faculty surgeons and orthopedic resident (postgraduate-3yr) under supervision of faculty...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - June 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Shukla R, Champawat VS, Jain RK Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Paediatric conjoint bicondylar Hoffa fracture with patellar tendon injury: An unusual pattern of injury.
Abstract Epiphyseal injuries of distal femur are rare with an incidence of 1%-6% among all physeal injuries. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate surgical treatment is crucial to achieve satisfactory functional outcomes. A conjoint bicondylar coronal split (Hoffa) fracture with complete transaction of ipsilateral patellar tendon has been reported in a 12 year old child. The injury was managed by open reduction and internal fixation and bone to tendon repair. This case emphasizes the need of accurate intraepiphyseal fixation for the management of these fractures in skeletally immature patients. PMID: 31230844 [Pub...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - June 6, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Julfiqar, Huda N, Pant A Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Non-randomized comparative study on the efficacy of a trauma protocol in the emergency department.
The objective was to identify differences in numbers and time to lifesaving interventions, investigation, ED length of stay, and mortality between an in-house protocol and conventional practice. METHODS: This was a single-center prospective non-randomized study for adult trauma patients in the ED. The trauma protocol was developed from the recent ATLS guideline. RESULTS: Thirty-two and 41 cases were in the in-house protocol group and conventional practice group, respectively. Endotracheal intubation was done more frequently in the in-house protocol group (84% vs. 59%, p = 0.03). Intercostal drainage tub...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - May 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Wuthisuthimethawee P, Sookmee W, Damnoi S Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators of implementing child injury surveillance system.
CONCLUSION: The most important barrier is lack of national policy in child injury prevention. The most important facilitator is improving MOHME function through passing supportive regulations. Effective data usage and dissemination of information to those requiring data for policy making can help reduce child injuries. Coalition of stakeholders helps overcome existing barriers. PMID: 31208791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - May 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Azadi T, Khorasani-Zavareh D, Sadoughi F Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Nonunions of the humerus - Treatment concepts and results of the last five years.
CONCLUSION: Humeral nonunion is a heterogeneous entity that has to be analyzed precisely and be treated correspondingly. We therefore present a treatment concept based on the underlying pathology. PMID: 31109830 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - May 4, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Leiblein M, Verboket R, Marzi I, Wagner N, Nau C Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Osteomyelitis post acromioclavicular joint reconstruction.
Abstract Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) injury is a common shoulder injury. There are various techniques of ACJ reconstruction. Superficial infection after ACJ reconstruction is not an uncommon complication. However, osteomyelitis post ACJ reconstruction has never been highlighted as a possible complication. Our patient is a 31-year-old male who sustained a Rockwood 5 ACJ dislocation and had anatomical ACJ reconstruction with autogenous gracilis and semitendinosus graft. Our technique involved the anatomical reconstruction of the ACJ and the coracoclavicular ligament with the usage of two bioscrews and the temporar...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - April 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yeak RD, Daud H, Nizlan NM Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Epidemiology of pelvic fractures in adults: Our experience at a tertiary hospital.
CONCLUSION: Pelvic fractures, although belong to a relatively rare trauma subset, cause high morbidity and mortality with considerable burden on the economy. Proper road safety training and driving etiquettes along with its strict implementation in true sense and spirit are the need of the hour. PMID: 31056468 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - April 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ghosh S, Aggarwal S, Kumar V, Patel S, Kumar P Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Dexmedetomidine reduces hippocampal microglia inflammatory response induced by surgical injury through inhibiting NLRP3.
Abstract PURPOSE: To investigate whether dexmedetomidine (Dex) can reduce the production of inflammatory factor IL-1β by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in hippocampal microglia, thereby alleviating the inflammatory response of the central nervous system induced by surgical injury. METHODS: Exploratory laparotomy was used in experimental models in this study. Totally 48 Sprague Dawley male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 12 for each), respectively sham control (group A), laparotomy only (group B); and Dex treatment with different doses of 5 μg/kg (group D1) and 10 μg/k...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - April 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Peng J, Zhang P, Zheng H, Ren YQ, Yan H Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Is CT scan a predictor of instability in recurrent dislocation shoulder?
CONCLUSIONS: CT scan of the shoulder joint is an effective method for assessing the amount of bone loss. The number of dislocations are correlated significantly with off-track lesions and the amount of bone loss on the glenoid and Hill-Sachs lesion. The glenoid width bone loss of more than 9.80% or Hill-Sachs defect of more than 14.80 mm are the critical defects after which the frequency of dislocations increases. PMID: 31056471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - April 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Shijith KP, Sood M, Sud AD, Ghai A Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Spatial analysis of driving accidents leading to deaths related to motorcyclists in Tehran.
Abstract PURPOSE: Traffic accidents are one of the main causes of death and disability, causing annual deaths of 1.23 million and tens of millions injured people worldwide. Meanwhile, a significant proportion of the deaths and injuries caused by traffic accidents occur among motorcyclists. According to the world health organization's 2015 report, about 25% of deaths from traffic accidents occur in motorists. In Iran, a significant proportion of deaths and injuries result from traffic accidents among motorcyclists, especially in passages within the cities. According to traffic police, about 25% of deaths and 50% of...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - April 6, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Saadat S, Rahmani K, Moradi A, Zaini SA, Darabi F Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

The relationship between illnesses and medical drug consumption with the occurrence of traffic accidents among truck and bus drivers in Tehran, Iran.
CONCLUSION: Frequencies of illnesses like cardiovascular and hypertension were not higher in accident drivers than in non-accident drivers; but diabetes, vision weakness and consumption of Gemfibrozil and Glibenclamide lead to more traffic accidents. PMID: 31056467 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - March 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Khoshakhlagh AH, Yazdanirad S, Laal F, Sarsangi V Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Analysis on the accident casualties in China influenced by several economic factors based on the traffic-related data in China from 2004 to 2016.
CONCLUSION: Economic development has a positive impact on improving traffic conditions, but the increase in the number of new health institutions does not reduce the number of casualties in accidents. The irrational layout of health institutions and imperfect road traffic management mechanism should be taken into account. PMID: 30962129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - March 15, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sun LL, Liu D, Chen T, He MT Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

The emergency department length of stay: Is the time running out?
Abstract PURPOSE: To examine the relationships between emergency department length of stay (EDLOS) with hospital length of stay (HLOS) and clinical outcome in hemodynamically stable trauma patients. METHODS: Prospective data collected for 2 years from consecutive trauma patients admitted to the trauma resuscitation bay. Only stable blunt trauma patients with appropriate trauma triage criteria requiring trauma team activation were included in the study. EDLOS was determined short if patient spent less than 2 h in the emergency department (ER) and long for more than 2 h. RESULTS: A total of 248 p...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - March 15, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Becker A, Segal G, Berlin Y, Hershko D Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

The mechanisms and treatments of muscular pathological changes in immobilization-induced joint contracture: A literature review.
This article reviews the progress made in understanding the pathological processes involved in immobilization-induced muscle contracture and the currently available treatments. Understanding the mechanisms involved in immobilization-induced contracture of muscle tissue should facilitate the development of more effective treatment measures for the different mechanisms in the future. PMID: 30928194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - March 11, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Wang F, Zhang QB, Zhou Y, Chen S, Huang PP, Liu Y, Xu YH Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Extra-articular distal tibial fractures, is interlocking nailing an option? A  prospective study of 147 cases.
Extra-articular distal tibial fractures, is interlocking nailing an option? A prospective study of 147 cases. Chin J Traumatol. 2019 Feb 28;: Authors: Prasad P, Nemade A, Anjum R, Joshi N Abstract PURPOSE: Distal tibia fractures comprise about 7%-10% of lower extremity trauma. Because of the peculiarity of the soft tissue and subcutaneous location of the bone there are many controversies in the ideal treatment of distal tibia fractures especially extra articular pilon fractures. Plating is fraught with complications of wound dehiscence and infection. There are limited studies which document outco...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - February 28, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Prasad P, Nemade A, Anjum R, Joshi N Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association for management guidelines of vacuum sealing drainage application in abdominal surgeries-Update and systematic review.
Abstract Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) is frequently used in abdominal surgeries. However, relevant guidelines are rare. Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association organized a committee composed of 28 experts across China in July 2017, aiming to provide an evidence-based recommendation for the application of VSD in abdominal surgeries. Eleven questions regarding the use of VSD in abdominal surgeries were addressed: (1) which type of materials should be respectively chosen for the intraperitoneal cavity, retroperitoneal cavity and superficial incisions? (2) Can VSD be preventively used for a high-risk abdominal incision wi...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - February 14, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Li Y, Li PY, Sun SJ, Yao YZ, Li ZF, Liu T, Yang F, Zhang LY, Bai XJ, Huo JS, He WB, Ouyang J, Peng L, Hu P, Zhu YA, Jin P, Shao QF, Wang YF, Dai RW, Hu PY, Chen HM, Wang GF, Wang YG, Jin HX, Zhu CJ, Zhang QY, Shao B, Sang XG, Yin CL Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Review of Chinese Journal of Traumatology in the year 2018.
Abstract Trauma is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. It is an urgent task to strengthen the trauma care and prevent the complications. In 2018, Chinese Journal of Traumatology reported a series of trauma-related articles of which the contents include pre-hospital care, in-hospital care and complication prevention, et al, aiming to improve the treatment levels, decrease the trauma incidence, and reduce the trauma mortality and disability. PMID: 30833162 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - February 12, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tian Y, Liu GE, Zhao WJ, Peng YY, Song SM, Li L Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

The wound healing potential of collagen peptides derived from the jellyfish Rhopilema esculentum.
This study intended to investigate the wound healing activity of collagen peptides derived from jellyfish following oral administration. METHODS: In this study, collagen was extracted from the jellyfish--Rhopilema esculentum using 1% pepsin. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and fourier transform infrared (FTIR) were used to identify and determine the molecular weight of the jellyfish collagen. Collagenase II, papain and alkaline proteinase were used to breakdown jellyfish collagen into collagen peptides. Wound scratch assay (in vitro) was done to determine migration potential o...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - February 8, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Felician FF, Yu RH, Li MZ, Li CJ, Chen HQ, Jiang Y, Tang T, Qi WY, Xu HM Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

Valgus osteotomy in delayed presentation of femoral neck fractures using fixed angle simple dynamic hip screw and plate.
CONCLUSION: 135° dynamic hip screw and plate provides rigid internal fixation after valgus osteotomy and being a more familiar fixation device simplifies the procedure with good results. PMID: 30824174 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology)
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - January 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Nayak C, Acharyya B, Jain M, Kamboj K Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research