Prevalence of child maltreatment in Ecuador using the ICAST-R.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows evidence of a high prevalence of child maltreatment in Ecuador. We also identify significant gender differences in the type of abuse experienced, and in the context in which this abuse takes place. These results are important given the negative consequences of child maltreatment. More research applying ICAST to different populations is recommended to further validate the present findings and facilitate international comparisons. PMID: 31722265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Jiménez-Borja M, Jiménez-Borja V, Borja-Alvarez T, Jiménez-Mosquera CAJ, Murgueitio J Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Patterns of intergenerational child protective services involvement.
CONCLUSIONS: Focusing only on intergenerational maltreatment in which the parents are the perpetrators may substantially understate the risk of maltreatment recurring across generations. PMID: 31715518 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 9, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Font S, Cancian M, Berger LM, DiGiovanni A Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Identifying compassion satisfaction, burnout, & traumatic stress in Children's Advocacy Centers.
Identifying compassion satisfaction, burnout, & traumatic stress in Children's Advocacy Centers. Child Abuse Negl. 2019 Nov 08;:104240 Authors: Letson MM, Davis C, Sherfield J, Beer OWJ, Phillips R, Wolf KG Abstract BACKGROUND: Little research exists examining burnout related to the multidisciplinary team (MDT) working in a Children's Advocacy Center (CAC) setting. OBJECTIVES: To measure compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress (STS) among CAC MDT professionals; identify work and worker characteristics that may impact compassion satisfaction, burnout, and STS; understa...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 8, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Letson MM, Davis C, Sherfield J, Beer OWJ, Phillips R, Wolf KG Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

A review of the literature on good practice considerations for initial health system response to child and adolescent sexual abuse.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate how evidence-based recommendations can be delivered in a child or adolescent-centred and trauma-informed manner. PMID: 31711682 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 8, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Broaddus-Shea ET, Scott K, Reijnders M, Amin A Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Impact of adverse childhood experiences on cardiovascular disease risk factors in adulthood among Mexican women.
CONCLUSION: ACEs are common and associated with CVD risk factors in adult Mexican women. PMID: 31710961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 8, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Flores-Torres MH, Comerford E, Signorello L, Grodstein F, Lopez-Ridaura R, de Castro F, Familiar I, Ortiz-Panozo E, Lajous M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Understanding trauma as a system of psycho-social harm: Contributions from the Australian royal commission into child sex abuse.
This article examines how particular understandings of trauma as a systemic form of psychosocial harm framed the establishment of the Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, informed its successful investigatory process, and shaped its recommendations and outcomes. In so doing, the Royal Commission makes an important contribution to the field of trauma studies, which has been characterized by contested histories and is subject to continuing debate in clinical and academic research. For much of the twentieth century, trauma and its impacts have been typically articulated through a bio...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 8, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: McPhillips K, Salter M, Roberts-Pedersen E, Kezelman C Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Using the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children-Short form (TSCC-SF) on abused children in South Africa: Confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch models.
CONCLUSIONS: The TSCC-SF appears to be a viable option for use with children exposed to different types of abuse, particularly in low resource clinical contexts. PMID: 31704542 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Makhubela M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Trends in US physician diagnosis of child physical abuse and neglect injuries, 2006-2014.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine if US child physical abuse and neglect injury rates changed from 2006 to 2014, whether definitive diagnoses of physical abuse and neglect were used more often over time, and what patient factors influenced definitive physical maltreatment diagnoses. METHODS: Nationally estimated rates of definitive and suggestive physical abuse and neglect injuries for children
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Zins ZP, Wheeler KK, Brink F, Armstrong M, Shi J, Groner JI, Xiang H Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Perinatal mental health and risk of child maltreatment: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: The association between perinatal mental health and risk of child maltreatment is similar to that observed at other times during childhood. Methodological heterogeneity and inconsistent findings mean conclusions are tentative and need to be considered alongside other individual, family and social/cultural risk factors. PMID: 31698284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 4, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Ayers S, Bond R, Webb R, Miller P, Bateson K Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Associations between adverse childhood experiences and adversities later in life. Survey data from a high-risk Norwegian sample.
CONCLUSION: At an individual level the findings highlight the association between exposure to abuse and adult adversity, underscoring the importance of targeting individuals with high risk of exposure to CAN to reduce the negative long-term risk for Polyvictimization. PMID: 31689619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 2, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Dovran A, Winje D, Arefjord K, Tobiassen S, Stokke K, Skogen JC, Øverland S Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

A police-led community response to Child abuse and Youth Sexual Violence and Abuse in Indigenous communities in Far North Queensland: "Speak Up. Be strong. Be Heard."
CONCLUSION: This study contributes to current understanding regarding the implementation of multi-component child abuse prevention initiatives and provides an example of a cost-efficient police-led community response to child abuse and YSVA in Indigenous communities. The findings may guide responses in other communities which grapple with this critical social issue. PMID: 31683249 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 1, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Carrington A, Dewar S, Kinchin I, Cadet-James Y, Tsey K Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Assessing child abuse: "We need to talk!"
CONCLUSIONS: The interview approach gives victims a voice with their narrative (chance to talk) needed for better understanding of the specific dynamics of child abuse and neglect and for an entry into psychotherapeutic work. We need to ensure that such methods are retained in the research and practitioner portfolio of measurement tools. PMID: 31683250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - November 1, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Bifulco A, Schimmenti A Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

From care to education and work? Education and employment trajectories in early adulthood by children in out-of-home care.
CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates the relevance of examining longitudinal trajectories in children in care's early adulthood. Many young adults with care experience need support in education and employment beyond young adult age. PMID: 31678608 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 31, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Kääriälä A, Haapakorva P, Pekkarinen E, Sund R Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Psychosocial interventions for responding to child sexual abuse: A systematic review.
DISCUSSION: The findings suggest that more and larger studies are needed to evaluate the effects of psychosocial interventions for children and adolescents exposed to sexual abuse who preside in low- and middle-income countries. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42016039656. PMID: 31677720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 30, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: McTavish JR, Santesso N, Amin A, Reijnders M, Ali MU, Fitzpatrick-Lewis D, MacMillan HL Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Pathways to delinquent and sex offending behavior: The role of childhood adversity and environmental context in a treatment sample of male adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest variations in ACE exposures differentially influence the onset, severity, and persistence of delinquent and sexually abusive behaviors among these youths. PMID: 31675528 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Puszkiewicz KL, Stinson JD Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Adverse childhood experiences and shame- and guilt-proneness: Examining the mediating roles of interpersonal problems in a community sample.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the importance of interpersonal pathways in the association between shame- and guilt-proneness. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. PMID: 31669776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Wojcik KD, Cox DW, Kealy D Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Childhood maltreatment and alcohol-related problems in young adulthood: The protective role of parental warmth.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Alcohol use among young adults is highly prevalent. Individuals exposed to childhood maltreatment are particularly vulnerable to alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. Few studies have examined family protective factors, such as parental warmth, that may mitigate the effects of childhood maltreatment on alcohol-related problems. OBJECTIVE: The current study seeks to examine the extent to which parental warmth reduces the effect of childhood exposure to maltreatment on alcohol-related problems in young adulthood. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Participants were young adults (N = 337...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 23, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Shin SH, Wang X, Yoon SH, Cage JL, Kobulsky JM, Montemayor BN Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Posttraumatic cognitions, childhood sexual abuse characteristics, and posttraumatic stress disorder in men who have sex with men.
CONCLUSIONS: Assessing for physical injury, intense fear, and age at first CSA are particularly relevant to PTCs and of critical importance to advancing assessment and treatment strategies for PTSD in MSM. PMID: 31655249 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 23, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Ironson G, Fitch C, Banerjee N, Hylton E, Ivardic I, Safren SA, O'Cleirigh C Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Experiences of fatherhood among men who were sexually abused in childhood.
CONCLUSION: Fatherhood was seen as a potential resource for positive change and can influence long held internal working models of the self and others. PMID: 31655250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 23, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: O'Brien J, Creaner M, Nixon E Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Featured intervention for exploited and trafficked youth: The Minnesota Runaway Intervention Program.
This article describes the Minnesota Runaway Intervention Program (RIP), a Minneapolis-St. Paul based program dedicated to supporting youth aged 12-17 who have run away and experienced sexual violence, including sexual assault and exploitation. It is a comprehensive, health care focused intervention, embedded within a hospital-based Child Advocacy Center. RIP is developed and led by nurse practitioners who provide services tailored to participants' diverse needs, including health care, case management services, and a therapeutic empowerment group. PMID: 31653444 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 22, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Gewirtz O'Brien JR, Moynihan M, Saewyc E, Edinburgh LD Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Criminological differences between child pornography offenders arrested in Spain.
CONCLUSIONS: Authors conclude there are significant differences between dual and CP-only offenders which suggests a need for specialized treatment and risk assessment tools. PMID: 31655247 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 22, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Soldino V, Carbonell-Vayá EJ, Seigfried-Spellar KC Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Remembering the forgotten victims: Child-Related themes in domestic violence fatality reviews.
CONCLUSIONS: The three DVFRTs identified several gaps in service provision for children affected by fatal domestic violence that will require increased engagement and resources targeting these vulnerable children. PMID: 31648111 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Reif K, Jaffe P Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Adolescent-to-Mother Psychological Aggression: The Role of Father Violence and Maternal Parenting Style.
CONCLUSION: Adolescent-to-mother psychological aggression occurs within a broader family context of violence and disharmony. Observational learning of father's conflict with grandparents or violent behaviors toward mother maybe the mechanism of violence passing from generations. However, maternal emotional warmth buffered the negative association between father's conflict with grandparents and adolescent's contempt for mother. But maternal control and over-protection exacerbated the positive relationships between father's conflict with grandparents and adolescent's contempt for mother. PMID: 31648112 [PubMed - as supp...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Zhang L, Cai C, Wang Z, Tao M, Liu X, Craig W Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

It all adds up: Addressing the roles of cumulative traumatic experiences on military veterans.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results underscore the importance of assessing childhood and adult trauma history in returning veterans in addition to traumas they experienced during their service. These findings highlight the importance of focusing on building resilience in our military servicemembers. PMID: 31648113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Scoglio AAJ, Shirk SD, Mazure C, Park CL, Molnar BE, Hoff RA, Kraus SW Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

A history of prolonged childhood sexual abuse is associated with more severe clinical presentation of borderline personality disorder in adolescent female inpatients - A naturalistic study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated for the first time that adolescent female BPD inpatients with a history of prolonged CSA, manifest more severe clinical presentation compared to those without prolonged CSA. Hence, it appears essential to encourage therapists to inquire about history of CSA and refer adolescent female BPD inpatients with prolonged CSA to appropriate intensive therapy. PMID: 31639585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Turniansky H, Ben-Dor D, Krivoy A, Weizman A, Shoval G Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Prevalence of family violence and mental health and their relation to peer victimization: A representative study of adolescent students in Southwestern Uganda.
CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated a high prevalence of maltreatment within Ugandan families that was associated with peer victimization. This underscores the need to implement interventions aiming to reduce maltreatment and violence in order to protect children from potentially negative consequences. PMID: 31629222 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Ssenyonga J, Magoba Muwonge C, Hecker T Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Physical or psychological child abuse and neglect: Experiences, reporting behavior and positions toward mandatory reporting of pediatricians in Berlin, Germany.
CONCLUSIONS: More training on diagnosing CAN should be offered to pediatricians. It is necessary to have a full and frank discussion about making reporting mandatory in cases where there is a reasonable suspicion of CAN. Doctors believe that mandatory reporting standardizes and simplifies working procedures. It may possibly reduce the number of undetected cases of CAN and would allow more children and families access to early protection and supporting measures. PMID: 31627133 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Wißmann H, Peters M, Müller S Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Effects of academic performance on the relationship between child maltreatment and deviant behavior: A national study in Taiwan.
CONCLUSIONS: Good academic performance can be a buffer that reduces the risk of deviant behavior among individuals with a history of childhood maltreatment. Healthcare professionals and educators can tailor early prevention and intervention educational programs targeted toward adolescents with experience of childhood abuse or poor academic performance to prevent the incidence of deviant behavior and thus break the cycle of violence. PMID: 31614294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 12, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Chang YC, Chang YT, Chang HY, Feng JY Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Emotional and behavior problems in adopted children - The role of early adversities and adoptive parents' regulation and behavior.
CONCLUSIONS: Most of the nationally and internationally adopted children in this sample were well-adjusted. Prenatal and preadoptive risk as well as stress regulation capacities of the main caregiver contributed to the child's development. An accumulation of risks increased the likelihood of adjustment problems in adopted children. PMID: 31606608 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Hornfeck F, Bovenschen I, Heene S, Zimmermann J, Zwönitzer A, Kindler H Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Health care utilization pattern prior to maltreatment among children under five years of age in Taiwan.
CONCLUSIONS: Children with maltreatment when 0-5 years old had higher number of ED visits with injury-related diagnosis, as well as hospitalization without injury-related diagnosis. Recognition of the health care utilization is conducive to early identification of children with risk for maltreatment. PMID: 31606006 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 9, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Wang LY, Wu CY, Chang YH, Lu TH Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Childhood maltreatment, cognitive emotion regulation strategies, and alcohol craving and dependence in alcohol-dependent males: Direct and indirect pathways.
CONCLUSIONS: Although drawing causal conclusions from the current research is impossible, the findings suggest that maladaptive CERSs may be a possible mechanism relating CM to alcohol craving and dependence in treatment-seeking alcohol-dependent individuals, while adaptive CERSs may be less important regarding this relation. However, the findings of the current study need longitudinal research. PMID: 31600610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 7, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Khosravani V, Samimi Ardestani SM, Sharifi Bastan F, Mohammadzadeh A, Amirinezhad A Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Featured counter-trafficking program: Kolkata Sanved's model Sampoornata.
This article describes Kolkata Sanvedan India-based organization dedicated to utilizing a special form of dance movement therapy (DMT), Sampoornata, as a form of trauma therapy for survivors of trafficking and sexual violence. The Sampoornata model has been employed to promote healing and wellbeing through integration in the individual's social framework and encouraging comprehensive wellbeing. PMID: 31594665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Chakraborty S Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Nightmares and flashbacks: The impact of commercial sexual exploitation of children among female adolescents placed in residential care.
CONCLUSIONS: CSEC experiences intensify the existing vulnerabilities to traumatic sequelae that characterize female adolescents who are placed in residential care. PMID: 31582275 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 30, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Lanctôt N, Reid JA, Laurier C Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Trauma recovery for victims of sex trafficking.
This article describes a mental health program within Agape Restoration Center (ARC), a residential treatment center in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Development of the mental health services program was based on a modified version of an evidence-based trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapeutic modality developed in the U.S (Cohen, Mannarino, & Deblinger, 2006, 2012). PMID: 31582276 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 30, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Johnson BC Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Comparing mental health disorders among sex trafficked children and three groups of youth at high-risk for trafficking: A dual retrospective cohort and scoping review.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Individuals at high-risk for trafficking are often subject to preexisting complex trauma that only intensifies during the trafficking experience. This greatly increases their risk of mental illness, although the actual prevalence of mental health disorders in children who are sex trafficked remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of mental health diagnoses among a sample of youth identified as being sex trafficked, and to discuss these rates in relation to other high-risk groups reported in the literature. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 143 female and male child trafficking ...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Palines PA, Rabbitt AL, Pan AY, Nugent ML, Ehrman WG Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Parenting in the context of historical childhood trauma: An interpretive meta-synthesis.
CONCLUSIONS: Results pointed to how ambivalence towards professional input should typically be regarded as understandable in the context of lived-experience of abused parents. Professionals should seek to avoid pathologizing parental difficulties and support parents by normalising and making sense of difficult emotional reactions in order to support engagement and promote containing parent-child interactions. Trauma-informed approaches to therapy could usefully be employed by services and agencies working with parents to support children. PMID: 31569030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 27, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Siverns K, Morgan G Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Development of an individualized risk calculator for poor functioning in young people victimized during childhood: A longitudinal cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Prediction modelling techniques can be applied to estimate individual risk for poor functional outcomes in young adulthood following childhood victimization. Such risk prediction tools could potentially assist practitioners to target interventions, which is particularly useful in a context of scarce resources. PMID: 31563702 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Latham RM, Meehan AJ, Arseneault L, Stahl D, Danese A, Fisher HL Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

The role of complex posttraumatic stress symptoms in the association between exposure to traumatic events and severity of intimate partner violence.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Symptoms of both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and disturbances in self-organization (DSO) have been suggested to play a role in the association between an individual's childhood physical abuse and neglect and his/her perpetration of IPV in adulthood; however, the two have yet to be studied in one model. Thus, we aimed to examine the interrelations among childhood exposure to violence and physical neglect, exposure to trauma across one's lifetime, ICD-11 CPTSD symptoms (i.e., PTSD and DSO), and IPV severity. METHODS: Participants were 234 men drawn randomly from a national sample o...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Gilbar O, Dekel R, Hyland P, Cloitre M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Recipients of children's and adolescents' disclosures of childhood sexual abuse: A systematic review.
ina D Abstract Disclosure of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a complex, multifaceted process with many barriers that are largely shaped by individual, familial, and systemic characteristics. Children and youth tend to withhold or delay disclosure for many years, such that most CSA goes unreported. This systematic review aimed to synthesize evidence regarding the pathways and recipients of CSA disclosures and to identify potential developmental and gender differences in the recipients of disclosures. Thirty-seven studies conducted between 1990 and 2017 were selected for review. Results indicated that children and y...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Manay N, Collin-Vézina D Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Telling a trusted adult: Factors associated with the likelihood of disclosing child sexual abuse prior to and during a forensic interview.
This study examined factors that relate to the CSA disclosure process. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: Participants were CSA victims (N = 1,732) presenting to a Child Advocacy Center (CAC) for a forensic interview. METHOD: We tested a structural model to predict disclosure before and during a forensic interview using secondary data analysis. RESULTS: Youth were less likely to disclose before a forensic interview if they witnessed domestic violence (β = -.233, p 
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Grandgenett HM, Pittenger SL, Dworkin ER, Hansen DJ Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Featured counter-trafficking program: H.E.A.L.T.H. Clinic of Ottawa.
This article describes the H.E.A.L.T.H. Clinic of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, a primary health care clinic designed specifically for those who have experienced, are currently experiencing, or are at risk for sexual exploitation, coercion, or human trafficking. PMID: 31561908 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Leach T Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Violent crime against children with disabilities: A nationwide prospective birth cohort-study.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study provide empirical insight into the first-time prevalence of victimization among children with disability, and into the predicative association between family disadvantages and victimization. PMID: 31561190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Christoffersen MN Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Childhood abuse and community violence: Risk factors for youth violence.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the relevance of CAN and CV as risk factors for YV and the potential increase in adolescents' vulnerability when exposed to both. Policies aiming at preventing and dealing with CAN are essential strategies to reduce YV, especially in areas with high levels of CV. PMID: 31561191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Faus DP, de Moraes CL, Reichenheim ME, Souza LMBDM, Taquette SR Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Co-occurrence of adverse childhood experiences and its association with family characteristics. A latent class analysis with Dutch population data.
CONCLUSION: The found clusters of ACEs reflect severity of childhood adversity, but also the types of adversity a child experienced. For screening and prevention of childhood adversity as well as research on its consequences, it is relevant to acknowledge this co-occurrence of types and severity of adversity. PMID: 31557674 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 23, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Bussemakers C, Kraaykamp G, Tolsma J Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Associations between childhood maltreatment latent classes and eating disorder symptoms in a nationally representative sample of young adults in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that distinct childhood maltreatment profiles are differentially associated with eating disorder symptoms. Individuals exposed to multi-type childhood maltreatment may be at particularly high risk for eating disorders. PMID: 31546098 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Hazzard VM, Bauer KW, Mukherjee B, Miller AL, Sonneville KR Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Reconstructing the workforce within public health protective systems: Improving resilience, retention, service responsiveness and outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Public health approaches to protecting children seek to provide effective supports and services in timely ways in order to prevent unnecessary statutory interventions, which affect those from cultural and poor communities disproportionately. But remodelling systems to embrace these approaches entails complex practice, program, policy and legislative changes, using evidence to intervene in ways that are primarily voluntary rather than coercive. In doing so they provide potential to recast the basis of the helping relationship to attend better to the relational aspects of changed behaviour. Embedding workforce r...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Lonne B, Higgins D, Herrenkohl TI, Scott D Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Featured counter trafficking program: The law enforcement first responder protocol.
This article describes the Law Enforcement First Responder Protocol, which trained law enforcement to recognize youth engaged in sex work as survivors of commercial sexual exploitation, rather than as "prostitutes", and to connect these survivors immediately with social services, advocates, timely medical care and ongoing follow-up. PMID: 31542279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Miller AJ, Arnold-Clark J, Brown KW, Ackerman-Brimberg M, Guymon M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Psychopathology among adult survivors of child pornography.
CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest the way survivors of child pornography react to the crime might shape their mental health in the long term. PMID: 31541991 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Gewirtz-Meydan A, Lahav Y, Walsh W, Finkelhor D Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

A comparison between a Neuro-Physiological Psychotherapy (NPP) treatment group and a control group for children adopted from care: Support for a neurodevelopmentally informed approach to therapeutic intervention with maltreated children.
CONCLUSIONS: Implications regarding current treatment guidelines for this population are discussed; and a call is made for interventions which actively consider and address the neurodevelopmental impact of maltreatment. PMID: 31525563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 13, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: McCullough E, Mathura A Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Child maltreatment and attentional problems: A longitudinal birth cohort study.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine whether child maltreatment is associated with attentional problems in adolescence (14 years) and young adulthood (21 years), and whether outcomes depend on the type of maltreatment (sexual vs non-sexual). METHODS: Data from a population based cohort study involving 3778 mother-child pairs were linked with data from the state child protection agency to examine associations between child abuse and neglect and attention problems, measured using the Achenbach Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) and the Achenbach Young Adult Self Report (YASR). RESULTS: 245 (6.5%) participants had ...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - September 13, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Boyd M, Kisely S, Najman J, Mills R Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research