Establishing clinically and theoretically grounded cross-domain cumulative risk and protection scores in sibling groups exposed prenatally to substances.
CONCLUSIONS: Emerging patterns indicate the importance of establishing cumulative risk and protection scores that are: 1) clinically and theoretically grounded, 2) cross-domain, and 3) encompass cumulative protection and risk. In understanding profiles of risk and protection, we can inform evidence-based early interventions that address: 1) high-risk children, 2) the full range of risks, 3) vulnerable domains, and 4) protective factors. PMID: 32745799 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Bondi BC, Pepler DJ, Motz M, Andrews NCZ Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Precursors of sibling bullying in middle childhood: Evidence from a UK-based longitudinal cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that structural family characteristics and child-level individual differences are the most important risk factors for sibling bullying. If causality can be established in future research, they highlight the need for interventions to be two-pronged: aimed at parents, focusing on how to distribute their time and resources appropriately to all children, and the children themselves, targeting specific sibling bullying behaviors. PMID: 32745800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Toseeb U, McChesney G, Dantchev S, Wolke D Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Epidemiology of violence against children in migration: A systematic literature review.
CONCLUSION: The discrepancy between the importance of the topic and the dearth of data is striking. Filling the gaps requires not only more rigorous methodology but also more research in general on the epidemiology of violence against children in migration. We outline methodological challenges and draft an agenda for improved data on the topic. There is an urgent need for evidence that supports the development and adaptation of effective, tailored, and child-sensitive prevention and intervention programs for children in migration. PMID: 32745801 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Jud A, Pfeiffer E, Jarczok M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Examination of the associations between young children's trauma exposure, trauma-symptomatology, and executive function.
Abstract The present study used a bioecological framework to examine associations between trauma exposure, trauma-related symptomatology, and executive function (EF) in an urban sample of 88 predominantly ethnic-minority, low-income preschoolers (age 2-5) exposed to interpersonal trauma. Contrary to hypotheses based on past literature documenting associations between trauma exposure and EF deficits in childhood, in regressions adjusting for child gender, family income, and caregiver education, neither trauma exposure or trauma-related symptoms (post-traumatic stress symptoms, internalizing behaviors, or externaliz...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 30, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Cohodes EM, Chen SH, Lieberman AF, Bush NR Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Measuring violence against children: The adequacy of the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) child abuse screening tool - Child version in 9 Balkan countries.
CONCLUSIONS: The ICAST-C can be used to validly compare levels of physical, psychological, and sexual violence, neglect and witnessing violence in school-aged children across countries. It can also be used to validly compare the relations between these forms of violence and their covariates, predictors, and outcomes across countries. PMID: 32739597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 30, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Meinck F, Murray AL, Dunne MP, Schmidt P, BECAN Consortium Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Early developmental, behavioral, and quality of life outcomes following abusive head trauma in infants.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Developmental delays following pediatric abusive head trauma are common. OBJECTIVE: To assess early developmental, behavioral, and quality of life outcomes following infant abusive head trauma and evaluate injury severity and early therapeutic intervention as potential predictors. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Infants under 12 months old who were admitted to a large pediatric hospital with abusive head trauma between October 2010 and October 2017 and followed at a multidisciplinary post-injury clinic were included. METHODS: Injury severity groups were classified based on days in the...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 30, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Eismann EA, Theuerling J, Cassedy A, Curry PA, Colliers T, Makoroff KL Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Accessing Alternative Response Payways: A Multi-Level Examination of Family and Community Factors on Race Equity.
CONCLUSION: Findings imply that Black families involved in the child welfare system may benefit from increased access to culturally responsive interventions that target neighborhoods with high indication rates. PMID: 32739599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 30, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Connell T Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Trends in Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) in the United States.
CONCLUSION: Awareness of improvements, as well as persistent challenges, are important to motivate policy makers and practitioners and to prompt them to recognize the feasibility of success in the prevention of ACEs. PMID: 32739600 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 30, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Finkelhor D Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Vulnerabilities of Syrian refugee children in Turkey and actions taken for prevention and management in terms of health and wellbeing.
CONCLUSIONS: The interventions and restructuring of the health system in Turkey contribute to the SDG number 3 for refugee children. The existence of a legal system which enables refugee access to health, protection, and other social services is key to achieve this goal. However, the existing system could be improved especially through solidifying the legal basis and centralizing the implementation for child and refugee protection. The engagement of all stakeholders to improve the health and wellbeing of refugee children remains vital. PMID: 32739068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 29, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Sahin E, Dagli TE, Acarturk C, Sahin Dagli F Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Associations between the Canadian 24 h movement guidelines and different types of bullying involvement among adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide evidence that meeting the 24 -h movement guidelines is associated with lower odds of bullying involvement. Encouraging adherence to the 24 -h movement guidelines could be a good behavioural target to prevent involvement in both school bullying and cyberbullying. PMID: 32736233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 28, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Sampasa-Kanyinga H, Colman I, Goldfield GS, Janssen I, Wang J, Hamilton HA, Chaput JP Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Strengthening the predictive power of screening for adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in younger and older children.
CONCLUSION: A different set of 15 items best predicted trauma symptoms for younger (2-9-year-old) compared to older (10-17-year-old) youth. Some conventional ACEs, like physical and emotional abuse, proved important for both age groups. However, family-related factors were more predictive for younger children, while community and peer violence exposures were more predictive for older children. Our new proposed measures explained substantially more variance in subsequent trauma symptoms than did the original ACE measure (R2 = .31 vs .18 for 2-9 year olds; R2 = .43 vs .26 for 10-17 year olds; p 
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 27, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Turner HA, Finkelhor D, Mitchell KJ, Jones LM, Henly M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Comparing the onset of child sexual abuse perpetration from adolescence into adulthood: Are there unique risks, and what does this mean for prevention?
CONCLUSIONS: Implications for existing prevention and rehabilitation strategies are discussed in light of these findings, especially the need for a developmental lens to prevention and intervention efforts. Research to further delineate risks unique to onset of CSA in emerging adulthood is also warranted. PMID: 32717447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 24, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: McKillop N, Rayment-McHugh S, Bojack R Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Adult correlates of adverse childhood experiences in Ukraine.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that in Ukraine, ACEs have a strong negative effect on later life mental and physical health. Further research is needed to explore specific ACEs and examine potential mediators such as social support in the relationship between ACEs and health outcomes. PMID: 32702584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 20, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Fowler C, Homandberg L, Steele C, Bolt MA, Tintle N, Van De Griend K, Ulrich R, Christians M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Adverse childhood experiences and sexual health outcomes and risk behaviors among a nationwide sample of men who have sex with men.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a high overall ACE burden among MSM nationally, with potential influences on key HIV/STI behaviors in later life. ACE exposure should be routinely assessed, prevention is ideal but appropriate measures such as trauma informed care should also be considered for adult MSM accessing HIV and STI-related services. PMID: 32683201 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 16, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Bertolino DF, Sanchez TH, Zlotorzynska M, Sullivan PS Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and transitions in stages of alcohol involvement among US adults: Progression and regression.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that ACEs impact transitions in alcohol involvement in both males and females, affecting both progression and regression. The association is magnified for those with multiple types of ACE exposures. These results highlight the need for prevention, early identification and intervention to mitigate the risks associated with childhood maltreatment. PMID: 32683202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 16, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Alvanzo AAH, Storr CL, Reboussin B, Green KM, Mojtabai R, La Flair LN, Cullen BA, Susukida R, Seamans M, Crum RM Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

The mental, reproductive, and physical health impacts of female children's association with armed forces and groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings of this review, female CAAFAG are at a unique risk for internalizing, functional impairment, and reduced adaptive behaviors. This review also highlights girls' post-conflict experiences of stigma, internal tensions, and returning with a child as modifiable risk factors for poor mental health. PMID: 32683203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 16, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Freeman JA Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Family homelessness, subsequent CWS involvement, and implications for targeting housing interventions to CWS-involved families.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Homelessness is a risk factor for family involvement with child welfare services (CWS). Housing interventions are promising-but reasons for this are not well understood, and housing resources could be better targeted to families at risk of increased CWS involvement. OBJECTIVE: We sought to better understand the relationship between homelessness and CWS involvement and examine whether homeless shelter data could combine with CWS data to enhance intervention targeting. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: For 4 years, we followed 2063 families investigated by the San Francisco Human Services Agen...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 15, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Rodriguez JM, Shinn M, Lery B, Haight J, Cunningham M, Pergamit M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Refining social-information processing theory: Predicting maternal and paternal parent-child aggression risk longitudinally.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest comprehensive theoretical models like SIP theory can guide the specific processes to target for prevention and clarify how processes may be interconnected. SIP processes appear relevant and relatively stable targets for prevention and early intervention, particularly for mothers. SIP processes were applicable for fathers although the model was less consistent, suggesting work in examining paternal PCA risk remains an important research direction. PMID: 32682144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 15, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Rodriguez CM, Wittig SMO, Silvia PJ Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Frequencies and patterns of adverse childhood events in LGBTQ+ youth.
This study explored ACE prevalence in a large sample of LGBTQ+ youth; examined ACE patterns within and across subgroups; and compared results with the general population. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Participant (n = 3,508) ages ranged between 14-18 (x̄ = 16.02) and represented a range of sexual orientations: pansexual (33.9 %), bisexual (26.6 %), and queer (16.2 %), and gender identities: female (39.9 %), non-conforming (38 %), male (14.9 %), and transgender (16.6 %). METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey was conducted with LGBTQ+ youth ages 14-18 that self-identified as LGBTQ+ and resided in the US or Canada....
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 15, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Craig SL, Austin A, Levenson J, Leung VWY, Eaton AD, D'Souza SA Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Exploring the interrelatedness of risk factors for child maltreatment: A network approach.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that studying the interrelatedness of risk factors contributes to knowledge on the etiology of child maltreatment and the improvement of both risk assessment procedures and interventions for child maltreatment. PMID: 32663718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 11, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Vial A, van der Put C, Stams GJJM, Kossakowski J, Assink M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Role of self-esteem and family-level social capital in the pathway from victimization to aggression.
CONCLUSION: The study's findings reveal the necessity of reconsidering the adequacy of a punitive approach towards children who display aggression. They also provide guidance for determining where to intervene in preventing victimized children from developing aggression. Practical implications are discussed accordingly. PMID: 32659441 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 10, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Kim S, Lee Y Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Psychological maltreatment: An international challenge to children's safety and well being.
CONCLUSIONS: PM is a human rights issue that must be addressed through child protection and promotion of child wellbeing. Adoption of reliable definitions of the different aspects of PM for Child Protective Service practice is a top policy goal. The development of empirically supported curricula on PM for training professionals and parents and culturally sensitive interventions to change social norms on the use of psychologically aggressive disciplinary practices and other forms of PM are critical research needs. Well-validated interventions to support quality parent-child relationships and support families exist and need ...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 10, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Brassard MR, Hart SN, Glaser D Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Differences and disparities over time: Black and White families investigated by Ontario's child welfare system.
CONCLUSIONS: Several possible explanations are offered for the study's outcome, including changes in risk related to social safety net, the threshold for risk of harm, and bias and racist institutional policies and practices. This study invites policy-makers and child welfare authorities to rethink service delivery in addressing the disparate representation of Black families in the child welfare system. PMID: 32653746 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 9, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Antwi-Boasiako K, King B, Fallon B, Trocmé N, Fluke J, Chabot M, Esposito T Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Hospitalizations among children involved in the child protection system: A long-term birth cohort study from infancy to adulthood using administrative data.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Despite considerable health consequences of child abuse and neglect, there is limited evidence on hospitalizations in this population. OBJECTIVES: To describe frequency and reasons for hospitalization by lifetime child protection system (CPS) involvement. PARTICIPANTS: 608,540 children born from January 1, 1986 to June 30, 2017 in South Australia, Australia METHODS: Using linked administrative data on CPS involvement and hospitalizations, we descriptively examined cumulative incidence, cumulative count and reasons for hospitalization from infancy to early adulthood by CPS involvement...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 8, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Gnanamanickam ES, Nguyen H, Armfield JM, Doidge JC, Brown DS, Preen DB, Segal L Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

The Interaction of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Resiliency on the Outcome of Depression Among Children and Youth, 8-17 year olds.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings illustrate the need for the promotion of PCEs and the building of resiliency for combatting depression and reducing the impact of trauma in children and adolescents. PMID: 32645587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Elmore AL, Crouch E, Kabir Chowdhury MA Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Human capital and child protection: A research framework in the CRC context.
Abstract Since it was adopted November 1989, the Convention on the Rights of the Child has shaped the objectives for child protection systems around the world. Generally, those objectives fall along three dimensions: permanency, safety, and well-being. However, despite well-being receiving increasing attention in light of evidence that points to the importance of early childhood experiences on life course outcomes, child protection systems have so far struggled to find clear definition of well-being as a developmental construct. In this article, we propose a definition of child well-being that draws on the economi...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Wulczyn F, Parolini A, Huhr S Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

A latent class analysis to identify how patterns of Intimate Partner Violence influence Early Childhood Development outcomes in Honduras.
CONCLUSION: Experiencing a pattern of co-occurrent forms of IPV negatively influences ECD and the socio-emotional development of the victim's children in low and middle-income countries. This study provides initial evidence about the complexity of this phenomenon and its long-lasting sequels. PMID: 32629290 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 3, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Leyton A Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Thirty years of the CRC: Child protection progress, challenges and opportunities.
Abstract The CRC has a challenging and ambitious agenda in relation to the protection of children from all forms of violence, particularly the large and increasing numbers of children affected by natural disasters, armed conflict, trafficking, poverty and increasing inequality, displacement and trafficking. In this article, we outline some of the issues in the implementation and understanding of the Convention and highlight three major international developments over the last decade: the adoption of General Comment No 13, the work of the Special Representative of the Secretary General on Violence Against Children,...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - July 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Tobin J, Cashmore J Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Introduction to CAN special issue: Children with problem sexual behavior.
PMID: 32553534 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 21, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Silovsky JF, Letourneau EJ, Bonner BL Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Polyvictimization and psychopathology among children and adolescents: A systematic review of studies using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire.
CONCLUSION: The present systematic review was the first to review the evidence on the associations between polyvictimization (as measured by the JVQ) and child and adolescent psychopathology in the global research literature. As a novel approach, the present review included both normative and high-risk samples. The results showed that polyvictimization is a substantial risk factor for mental health problems spanning both inner-directed and outer-directed mental health difficulties. However, the inconsistency in methods of defining and measuring polyvictimization severely undermines the scientific impact of this body of wor...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 17, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Haahr-Pedersen I, Ershadi A, Hyland P, Hansen M, Perera C, Sheaf G, Bramsen RH, Spitz P, Vallières F Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Sexual harassment by peers in Chilean schools.
CONCLUSION: We discuss how peer sexual harassment might be understood as a consequence of peer social discrimination based on sexism, racism, and ableism. We also discuss the need to provide inclusive school climate policies that allow all students to feel safe and included. PMID: 32562963 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 17, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: López V, García-Quiroga M, Benbenishty R, González L, Squicciarini AM, Sánchez P Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Caught in a web of trauma: Network analysis of childhood adversity and adult mental ill-health.
CONCLUSIONS: As neglect and violence against the mother were the most influential ACEs, curbing them is likely to destabilize the whole network of adversity. Thus, neglect and violence against the mother lend themselves as candidate targets for the development of new interventions. As sexual abuse was the only link between childhood adversity and adult mental ill-health, interventions against it seem most likely to keep this negative long-term effect from developing. Further, ideally prospective, research is needed to corroborate these findings. PMID: 32562964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 17, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Breuer F, Greggersen W, Kahl KG, Schweiger U, Westermair AL Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Anxiety sensitivity and grit as mediators between childhood abuse and relapse risk for substance use.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Childhood abuse is prevalent in those with substance use disorders (SUDs), and can lead to adverse consequences, including relapse to substance use following treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether anxiety sensitivity (AS) and grit mediate associations between childhood abuse and substance use relapse risk. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Patients on an inpatient detoxification and stabilization unit seeking treatment for SUDs (N = 702). METHODS: Participants were administered self-report measures assessing childhood physical and sexual abuse (CPA/CSA), AS, grit, and relapse risk. ...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 16, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: King CD, Hilton BT, Greenfield SF, McHugh RK, Griffin ML, Weiss RD, Ressler KJ Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Monitoring recent trends: The prevalence of disclosure of sexual abuse in a representative sample of the German population based on indicator 16.2.3 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to report on indicator 16.2.3 of UN's SDGs in Germany. The identified increase in rates of sexual abuse among 18-29 year old females might have been triggered by the attention the topic received in the time between 2016 and 2018, especially via social media and the #MeToo debate. PMID: 32559553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 16, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Witt A, Jud A, Finkelhor D, Brähler E, Fegert JM Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Perspective matters: Differences between child- and caregiver-reports of emotion regulation mediating the relationship between cumulative childhood trauma and mental health problems in foster children.
CONCLUSIONS: Adaptive and maladaptive ER distinctively mediate the relationship between cumulative childhood trauma and mental health problems in children. Perspective matters when examining these variables and child- and caregiver-reports are not interchangeable. Practitioners and researchers should be aware of inherent limitations when using data from distinct perspectives. Informant discrepancies can carry meaning and should not be ignored, but examined and interpreted instead. PMID: 32559554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 16, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Haselgruber A, Sölva K, Lueger-Schuster B Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Indigenous ontology, international law and the application of the Convention to the over-representation of Indigenous children in out of home care in Canada and Australia.
Abstract This paper explores the efficacy of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (Convention, UN General Assembly, 1989) through the lens of the over-representation of First Nations children placed in out-of-home care in Canada and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in Australia. A general overview of Indigenous worldviews frames a discussion on the coherence of international human rights law and instruments, including the Convention, account for Indigenous Peoples' ontologies. The authors argue that the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UN General Ass...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 15, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Blackstock C, Bamblett M, Black C Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

More data, more questions: No simple answer about which children should undergo screening neuroimaging for clinically occult abusive head trauma.
Abstract Abusive head trauma (AHT) is the leading cause of fatal child physical abuse. Victims may initially present with clinically occult AHT without overt signs of head trauma or with only subtle, nonspecific symptoms, which can make timely recognition of AHT challenging. Research has shown missed opportunities for early detection of AHT in the medical setting are common and can lead to repeated injury. Neuroimaging is needed to diagnose clinically occult AHT but is not without risk. Researchers have worked to understand the yield of neuroimaging in detection of clinically occult AHT and to identify risk factor...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 13, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Henry MK, Lindberg DM, Wood JN Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Child sexual abuse: An examination of individual and abuse characteristics that may impact delays of disclosure.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study provides potential for tailored approaches according to individual characteristics and vulnerabilities in CSA investigations and treatments. PMID: 32544699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 13, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Wallis CRD, Woodworth MD Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

"Some call it resilience": A profile of dynamic resilience-related factors in older adult survivors of childhood institutional adversity and maltreatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Results support a dynamic concept of resilience that can be understood not only as an inherent trait, but also as a learnable set of behaviours, thoughts, and attitudes, which can be supported by external resources in an older adults' environment. These findings add a novel contribution to the literature in the identification of a distinct cluster of personal and contextual factors underpinning resilience in this sample of survivors of childhood institutional adversity and maltreatment, which may inform the psychological treatment of this population and provide a focus for further research. PMID: 32535336...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 11, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Mc Gee SL, Maercker A, Carr A, Thoma MV Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Measuring self-reported polyvictimization in foster youth research: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first systematic review to assess the measurement of self-reported polyvictimization in research with current or former foster youth. Given the limited comprehensive assessment of victimization, these findings support strong recommendations for developing or adapting polyvictimization measures specifically for foster youth so that the measures include child welfare-specific factors such as the timing and perpetration of victimization experiences. PMID: 32535337 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 11, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Loomis AM, Feely M, Kennedy S Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

A serious-game for child sexual abuse prevention: An evaluation of orbit.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Greater public and professional awareness of the extent and impact of child sexual abuse (CSA) has prompted the inclusions of prevention initiatives within school curricula. However CSA education is not always soundly grounded in empirical evidence, and evaluations of the impact of programs often inadequate. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on a randomized-control trial of an empirically informed serious-game for CSA prevention, for children aged 8-10 years. The study also evaluates the impact on learning of complementary classroom lessons and part completion of the Orbit game. PARTICIP...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 11, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Jones C, Scholes L, Rolfe B, Stieler-Hunt C Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Preparing the child welfare workforce: Organizational commitment, identity, and desire to stay.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Since 1995, Colorado has had a Title IV-E child welfare Stipend Program, most recently involving four universities in partnership with the Colorado Department of Human Services. OBJECTIVE: A ten-year cohort study was conducted to understand program graduates' experiences with organizational commitment, the impact of stipends on child welfare professional identity and desire to remain in the child welfare field. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The mixed methods evaluation involved 245 stipend graduates from 2006 to 2016 from Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) and Master of Social Work (MSW) prog...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 10, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Trujillo KC, Bruce L, de Guzman A, Wilcox C, Melnyk A, Clark K Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

School-aged children with sexual behavior problems: Untangling the relationship between externalizing behavior problems and non-sexual victimization on the variety and severity of sexual behaviors.
This study aimed to further our understanding of the risk factors that influence the variety and severity of SBP. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Eighty-eight child-adult dyads (35.2% girls, Mage = 9.1 years; SD = 2.2 years) referred for SBP by child protection services or public services between 2006 and 2010 participated in the study. Participants completed a series of questionnaires as part of their assessment in a specialized therapeutic center for SBP. METHODS: A theoretical model of risk factors was examined using multiple linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Amongst the factors identified, externalizing beh...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 10, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Tremblay MJ, Daignault IV, Fontaine NMG, Boisvert I, Tourigny M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Using latent class analysis to empirically classify maltreatment according to the developmental timing, duration, and co-occurrence of abuse types.
CONCLUSIONS: Individuals experience distinct patterns of maltreatment based on the types, developmental timing, and duration of abuse. These patterns are uniquely associated with adverse health outcomes in adulthood, and can be identified using LCA. PMID: 32531618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 9, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Ziobrowski HN, Buka SL, Austin SB, Sullivan AJ, Horton NJ, Simone M, Field AE Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Frontline Staff Characteristics and Capacity for Trauma-Informed Care: Implications for the Child Welfare Workforce.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Improved understanding of the lasting ways trauma can impact self-regulatory and relational capacities have increased calls for Trauma-Informed Care (TIC) for child welfare-involved families. Little is known, however, about how the attitudes and characteristics of frontline workers impact the implementation of TIC and job retention. This work fills an important gap in knowledge regarding the relationship between staff relational capacities, the implementation of TIC and staff retention. OBJECTIVE: To understand the relationship between staff characteristics, endorsement of TIC and intent ...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 9, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Bosk EA, Williams-Butler A, Ruisard D, MacKenzie MJ Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Longitudinal Relationships between Perceived Social Support and Symptom Outcomes: Findings from a sample of Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse.
sen S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Cross-sectional studies have consistently reported an inverse association between perceived social support and the severity of mental health symptoms among adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). However, there is a lack of longitudinal studies investigating the bidirectional association between social support and the severity of symptoms among adult CSA-survivors, as well as the role of relational problems in predicting perceived social support and symptom levels over time. The present study addressed these questions in a sample of primarily female CSA-survivors. METHODS...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 8, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Steine IM, Winje D, Krystal JH, Milde AM, Bjorvatn B, Nordhus IH, Grønli J, Pallesen S Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

The impact of childhood sexual abuse on sleep in adulthood.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that CSA is a general, non-specific risk factor for sleep disorders; however, this risk might be partially mitigated through improved sleep hygiene and risk management. PMID: 32521349 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 7, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Higgs E, Drolet CE, Belicki K Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Reprint of: Juvenile sexual offending in Ghana: Prevalence, risks and correlates.
CONCLUSION: Prevalence estimates of juvenile sexual offending are influenced by types and number of questions with multiple questions eliciting more accurate estimates than a single item measure. Risk factors for juvenile sexual offending vary based on context. Interventions to reduce juvenile sexual violence must be informed by evidence from the social context. PMID: 32513440 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 5, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Boakye KE Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Prevalence and context of firearms-related problems in child protective service investigations.
CONCLUSION: When caseworkers document a firearm within investigative summaries, a firearm-related risk to the child likely exists. Improved documentation of firearms and storage practices among investigated families may better identify families needing firearm-related services. PMID: 32512264 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 5, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Sokol RL, Victor BG, Piellusch EK, Nielsen SB, Ryan JP, Perron BE Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Trauma-informed art and play therapy: Pilot study outcomes for children and mothers in domestic violence shelters in the United States and South Africa.
CONCLUSION: This pilot trauma-informed art and play therapy group intervention holds promise in mitigating the effects of IPV for children and mothers in domestic violence shelters. PMID: 32512265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 5, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Woollett N, Bandeira M, Hatcher A Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research