Housing insecurity and adolescent well-being: Relationships with child welfare and criminal justice involvement
Child Abuse Negl. 2021 Feb 25;115:105009. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105009. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Housing insecurity is endemic among low-income, marginalized families throughout the United States. Unstably housed families face increased likelihood of coming into contact with various social systems that upend family routines and norms, but the roles of these contacts in linking housing insecurity with long-term adolescent outcomes are unknown.OBJECTIVE: The present study tested whether family contacts with the criminal justice and child welfare systems mediated links between housing insecurity and adve...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 28, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Katherine E Mar çal Kathryn Maguire-Jack Source Type: research

Sexual victimization and intellectual disabilities among child welfare involved youth
CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the need for early identification of intellectual disabilities among child welfare-involved youth, provision of informed social supports and services, and building community connections during transition to prevent sexual victimization.PMID:33640733 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.104986 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 28, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ann Carrellas Stella M Resko Angelique G Day Source Type: research

Identifying novel forms of reluctance in commercially sexually exploited adolescents
Child Abuse Negl. 2021 Feb 26;115:104994. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.104994. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Research has largely overlooked expressions of reluctance in commercially sexually exploited adolescent ("CSEA") victims. This is problematic because gaining information from known victims is of the utmost importance in order to better serve the needs of current and potential future victims.OBJECTIVE: The current study proposes a novel conceptualization of reluctance based on CSEA victims' transcripts from police interviews and courtroom examinations.PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The study examined p...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 28, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Hayden M Henderson Scarlet J Cho Agnieszka M Nogalska Thomas D Lyon Source Type: research

Housing insecurity and adolescent well-being: Relationships with child welfare and criminal justice involvement
Child Abuse Negl. 2021 Feb 25;115:105009. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105009. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Housing insecurity is endemic among low-income, marginalized families throughout the United States. Unstably housed families face increased likelihood of coming into contact with various social systems that upend family routines and norms, but the roles of these contacts in linking housing insecurity with long-term adolescent outcomes are unknown.OBJECTIVE: The present study tested whether family contacts with the criminal justice and child welfare systems mediated links between housing insecurity and adve...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 28, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Katherine E Mar çal Kathryn Maguire-Jack Source Type: research

Sexual victimization and intellectual disabilities among child welfare involved youth
CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the need for early identification of intellectual disabilities among child welfare-involved youth, provision of informed social supports and services, and building community connections during transition to prevent sexual victimization.PMID:33640733 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.104986 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 28, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ann Carrellas Stella M Resko Angelique G Day Source Type: research

Identifying novel forms of reluctance in commercially sexually exploited adolescents
Child Abuse Negl. 2021 Feb 26;115:104994. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.104994. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Research has largely overlooked expressions of reluctance in commercially sexually exploited adolescent ("CSEA") victims. This is problematic because gaining information from known victims is of the utmost importance in order to better serve the needs of current and potential future victims.OBJECTIVE: The current study proposes a novel conceptualization of reluctance based on CSEA victims' transcripts from police interviews and courtroom examinations.PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The study examined p...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 28, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Hayden M Henderson Scarlet J Cho Agnieszka M Nogalska Thomas D Lyon Source Type: research

Housing insecurity and adolescent well-being: Relationships with child welfare and criminal justice involvement
Child Abuse Negl. 2021 Feb 25;115:105009. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105009. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Housing insecurity is endemic among low-income, marginalized families throughout the United States. Unstably housed families face increased likelihood of coming into contact with various social systems that upend family routines and norms, but the roles of these contacts in linking housing insecurity with long-term adolescent outcomes are unknown.OBJECTIVE: The present study tested whether family contacts with the criminal justice and child welfare systems mediated links between housing insecurity and adve...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 28, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Katherine E Mar çal Kathryn Maguire-Jack Source Type: research

Sexual victimization and intellectual disabilities among child welfare involved youth
CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the need for early identification of intellectual disabilities among child welfare-involved youth, provision of informed social supports and services, and building community connections during transition to prevent sexual victimization.PMID:33640733 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.104986 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 28, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ann Carrellas Stella M Resko Angelique G Day Source Type: research

Identifying novel forms of reluctance in commercially sexually exploited adolescents
Child Abuse Negl. 2021 Feb 25;115:104994. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.104994. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Research has largely overlooked expressions of reluctance in commercially sexually exploited adolescent ("CSEA") victims. This is problematic because gaining information from known victims is of the utmost importance in order to better serve the needs of current and potential future victims.OBJECTIVE: The current study proposes a novel conceptualization of reluctance based on CSEA victims' transcripts from police interviews and courtroom examinations.PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The study examined p...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 28, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Hayden M Henderson Scarlet J Cho Agnieszka M Nogalska Thomas D Lyon Source Type: research

Threat-specific maltreatment exposure: Comparison of measurement models and associations with internalizing, externalizing, and PTSD symptoms
CONCLUSION: Our findings support the inclusion of multiple exposure characteristics in the measurement of maltreatment and suggest that specific types of threat-specific maltreatment may have distinct associations with mental health sequelae.PMID:33639557 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105010 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Augustine Lombera Amy Hyoeun Lee Komal Sharma-Patel Elissa J Brown Source Type: research

Racial/ethnic differences in positive childhood experiences across a national sample
CONCLUSIONS: The information from this study highlights the negative disparities borne by racial/ethnic minority populations. Findings can be used to inform policymakers, program developers, and stakeholders on where to target interventions and how to bring together families and communities to not only confront adversity in childhood, but also to leverage community and family-level assets to create PCEs for all children.PMID:33639558 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105012 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Elizabeth Crouch Elizabeth Radcliff Melinda A Merrell Monique J Brown Lucy Annang Ingram Janice Probst Source Type: research

The combination of feedback and modeling in online simulation training of child sexual abuse interviews improves interview quality in clinical psychologists
CONCLUSIONS: The results show that the combination of feedback and modeling achieves improvement greater than that of feedback alone.PMID:33639559 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105013 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Shumpei Haginoya Shota Yamamoto Pekka Santtila Source Type: research

Child maltreatment and cognitive and academic functioning in two generations
CONCLUSION: These results challenge assumptions that childhood maltreatment directly causes deficits in cognitive and academic functioning. Policy makers and practitioners may need to rethink the design of interventions to improve the cognitive and academic functioning of maltreated children.PMID:33636490 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105011 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 26, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jacqueline Horan Fisher Cathy Spatz Widom Source Type: research

Child maltreatment and cognitive and academic functioning in two generations
CONCLUSION: These results challenge assumptions that childhood maltreatment directly causes deficits in cognitive and academic functioning. Policy makers and practitioners may need to rethink the design of interventions to improve the cognitive and academic functioning of maltreated children.PMID:33636490 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105011 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 26, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jacqueline Horan Fisher Cathy Spatz Widom Source Type: research

The relations between childhood experience of negative parenting practices and nonsuicidal self-injury in Chinese adolescents: The mediating roles of maladaptive perfectionism and rumination
CONCLUSION: The findings of the study expand our understanding of the influences of negative parenting practices on NSSI. Clinicians may pay special attention to maternal rejection and focus on adolescents' maladaptive perfectionism and rumination when interacting with individuals with NSSI.PMID:33618223 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.104992 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 22, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jiefeng Ying Jianing You Sihan Liu Ruyun Wu Source Type: research

The relations between childhood experience of negative parenting practices and nonsuicidal self-injury in Chinese adolescents: The mediating roles of maladaptive perfectionism and rumination
CONCLUSION: The findings of the study expand our understanding of the influences of negative parenting practices on NSSI. Clinicians may pay special attention to maternal rejection and focus on adolescents' maladaptive perfectionism and rumination when interacting with individuals with NSSI.PMID:33618223 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.104992 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 22, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jiefeng Ying Jianing You Sihan Liu Ruyun Wu Source Type: research

The relations between childhood experience of negative parenting practices and nonsuicidal self-injury in Chinese adolescents: The mediating roles of maladaptive perfectionism and rumination
CONCLUSION: The findings of the study expand our understanding of the influences of negative parenting practices on NSSI. Clinicians may pay special attention to maternal rejection and focus on adolescents' maladaptive perfectionism and rumination when interacting with individuals with NSSI.PMID:33618223 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.104992 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 22, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jiefeng Ying Jianing You Sihan Liu Ruyun Wu Source Type: research

Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and associated health risks and risk behaviors among young women and men in Honduras
CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of ACEs and associated negative health risks and risk behaviors in this population support the need for prevention and early intervention for ACEs.PMID:33611130 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.104993 (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 21, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Rachel H Kappel Melvin D Livingston Shilpa N Patel Andr és Villaveces Greta M Massetti Source Type: research

Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and associated health risks and risk behaviors among young women and men in Honduras.
CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of ACEs and associated negative health risks and risk behaviors in this population support the need for prevention and early intervention for ACEs. PMID: 33611130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 19, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Kappel RH, Livingston MD, Patel SN, Villaveces A, Massetti GM Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

The relations between childhood experience of negative parenting practices and nonsuicidal self-injury in Chinese adolescents: The mediating roles of maladaptive perfectionism and rumination.
CONCLUSION: The findings of the study expand our understanding of the influences of negative parenting practices on NSSI. Clinicians may pay special attention to maternal rejection and focus on adolescents' maladaptive perfectionism and rumination when interacting with individuals with NSSI. PMID: 33618223 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 19, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ying J, You J, Liu S, Wu R Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Childhood emotional neglect and problematic mobile phone use among Chinese adolescents: A longitudinal moderated mediation model involving school engagement and sensation seeking.
CONCLUSION: Identifying the processes by which childhood emotional neglect is associated with adolescent PMPU over time has potential applied value for prevention and intervention. PMID: 33601114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 15, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Chen Y, Zhang Y, Zhang L, Luo F, Xu W, Huang J, Yang L, Zhang W Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Maladaptive coping, victimization, and recidivism among Japanese adolescents and emerging adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Unlike previous studies, self-harm is significantly related to recidivism. This suggests that recidivism reflects a need for help more so than for punishment. The wider implications are that juvenile justice systems characterized as punitive seem outdated in managing detained young people as they lack adequate prevention supports. PMID: 33601115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 15, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Bui L, Mori T, Furukawa A, Tasaka A Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Risk for substance use among adolescents at-risk for childhood victimization: The moderating role of ADHD.
Villodas MT Abstract BACKGROUND: Youth who are victimized by violence are at heightened risk for substance use (SU) during adolescence, a period characterized by elevated impulsivity and risk-taking behavior. This risk may be magnified by attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). OBJECTIVE: To examine risk/protective factors for adolescent SU among adolescents at-risk for victimization and whether ADHD moderates these associations. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Participants were 1058 caregiver-adolescent dyads in the U.S. who participated in the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCA...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 9, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: García BH, Vázquez AL, Moses JO, Cromer KD, Morrow AS, Villodas MT Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Components associated with the effect of home visiting programs on child maltreatment: A meta-analytic review.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Home visiting programs are widely endorsed for preventing child maltreatment. Yet, knowledge is lacking on what and how individual program components are related to the effectiveness of these programs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to increase this knowledge by summarizing findings on effects of home visiting programs on child maltreatment and by examining potential moderators of this effect, including a range of program components and delivery techniques. METHODS: A literature search yielded 77 studies (N=48,761) examining the effectiveness of home visiting programs, ...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 8, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Gubbels J, van der Put CE, Stams GJM, Prinzie PJ, Assink M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

The role of positive emotion dysregulation in the relationship between childhood abuse and PTSD in a community sample of veterans.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of childhood abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among United States military veterans is highly prevalent and clinically significant. Emotion dysregulation is one factor that has been found to underlie the association between childhood abuse and PTSD, yet past research has focused exclusively on dysregulation stemming from negative emotions. OBJECTIVE: The current study extends existing research by clarifying the role of positive emotion dysregulation in the relation between childhood abuse and PTSD in a community sample of military veterans. PARTICIPANT...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 6, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Goncharenko S, Forkus SR, Contractor AA, Kiefer R, Weiss NH Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Factor structure and symptom classes of ICD-11 complex posttraumatic stress disorder in a South Korean general population sample with adverse childhood experiences.
CONCLUSIONS: The factorial and discriminant validity of ICD-11 CPTSD for Korean ACE survivors were confirmed. Recognizing the pervasive impact of patterns of ACEs and lifetime trauma would be helpful in access to and delivery of appropriate mental health services. Variation in symptom presentations of CPTSD and the role of dissociation should be of concern, that it may bring complicated life outcomes to people with ACEs. PMID: 33561718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 6, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Choi H, Lee W, Hyland P Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

The indirect effect from childhood maltreatment to PTSD symptoms via thought suppression and cognitive reappraisal.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Emotion regulation strategies may help explain the risk of experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among adults with a history of child maltreatment. However, no study to date has examined the roles of both thought suppression and cognitive reappraisal in the association between childhood maltreatment and PTSD symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to understand the associations between childhood maltreatment, thought suppression, cognitive reappraisal, and PTSD symptoms while controlling for negative affect and gender. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Data were co...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 3, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Sistad RE, Simons RM, Mojallal M, Simons JS Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Maltreatment and depression among left-behind adolescents in rural China: The moderating roles of food security and depression literacy.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Maltreatment is a leading cause of adolescent depression. Economic empowerment and mental health services provision are major policy options to solve this problem in developing countries. However, little is known about how these policy options jointly influence the association between maltreatment and adolescent depression. OBJECTIVE: To examine how the configuration of food security and depression literacy influenced the association between maltreatment and depression of Chinese rural left-behind adolescents (LBAs). PARTICIPANTS: The analysis was based on the responses of 1,469 LBAs...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 3, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Yang F, Shen Y, Nehring D Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Sobriety Treatment and Recovery Teams for families with co-occurring substance use and child maltreatment: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Although differences between groups were not significantly different, the relative differences were meaningful and this is the third study showing lower rates of OOHC among START relative to usual services. Additionally, the START reunification rate is higher than the overall U.S. average in spite of notable risk factors. PMID: 33548689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 3, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Hall MT, Kelmel AB, Huebner RA, Walton MT, Barbee AP Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

The influence of adverse childhood experiences on internalizing and externalizing problems in early adulthood: Evidence of a gene × environment × sex interaction.
CONCLUSIONS: Systematic sex differences in the exposure and reactions to ACEs are at least partially due to genetic differences. Exposure to ACEs is partially influenced by genetics among males, but not females, and the more male and females' experience ACEs, the less influence genes have on their offending and depressive symptomology, respectively. PMID: 33548690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 3, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Wright EM, Schwartz JA Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Racial/ethnic disproportionality in reunification across U.S. child welfare systems.
This study examined racial/ethnic disparities in reunification rates across U.S. child welfare systems controlling for child- and system-factors. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Data for this study came from the 2017 Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS). We utilized a subsample of n = 284,382 children ages 0-5. METHODS: We used a bottom-up model building-approach to examine child- and system-factors associated with reunification. A series of multilevel models were run. RESULTS: Less than 3% of the variance in reunification occurred between state child welfare systems. Native American chi...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - February 2, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: LaBrenz CA, Findley E, Graaf G, Baiden P, Kim J, Choi MJ, Chakravarty S Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Psychological maltreatment: Definition and reporting barriers among American professionals in the field of child abuse.
CONCLUSION: Professionals in the field of maltreatment need more training on identification and reporting of PM. A model definition of PM should be developed in order to increase reliability of identification of psychological maltreatment. PMID: 33524643 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 29, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Baker AJL, Brassard MR, Rosenzweig J Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

A latent profile analysis of adverse childhood experiences and adult health in a community sample.
CONCLUSIONS: It is critical to consider ACEs in their complex relationship with each other. Different patterns of ACEs are associated with differential health outcomes in adults. PMID: 33517141 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 28, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Dobson KS, McLarnon MJW, Pandya K, Pusch D Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Intergenerational effects of childhood maltreatment: The roles of parents' emotion regulation and mentalization.
This study identified two important mediators, i.e., parents' emotion regulation and parental mentalization. Parental childhood maltreatment had a positive association with parents' difficulties in emotion regulation (β = 0.45, p
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 24, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Wang X Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Screening for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in child abuse evaluations: Twelve years of data.
CONCLUSIONS: We found no instances where HLH was identified by institutional screening panels. The inclusion of ferritin in the screening panel was not beneficial. The presence of hyperferritinemia should not cast medical or legal doubt on physical abuse diagnoses when there is a high index of clinical suspicion. Novel hypotheses from case reports and case series should be studied more rigorously before affecting system change. PMID: 33486258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 22, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Morgan JM, Bachim A, Cruz AT, Donaruma-Kwoh M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

The role of attachment to the foster parent with regard to suicidal risk among adult survivors of childhood maltreatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings point to the importance of interventions aimed at supporting the establishment of a secure attachment relationship between children in care and their foster parents. PMID: 33487464 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 21, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Danner Touati C, Miljkovitch R, Sirparanta A, Deborde AS Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Prevalence, incidence and chronicity of child abuse among orphaned, separated, and street-connected children and adolescents in western Kenya: What is the impact of care environment?
CONCLUSION: OSCA, irrespective of care environment, reported high levels of recent physical, emotional, and sexual abuse. Street-connected participants had the highest prevalence of all kinds of abuse. OSCA living in institutional care did not experience more child abuse than those living in family-based care. PMID: 33485648 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 20, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ayaya S, DeLong A, Embleton L, Ayuku D, Sang E, Hogan J, Kamanda A, Atwoli L, Makori D, Ott MA, Ombok C, Braitstein P Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Training for mandated reporters of child abuse and neglect: Content analysis of state-sponsored curricula.
CONCLUSIONS: The trainings as a whole are not providing mandated reporters with comprehensive information about definitions, examples, and indicators of the major types of childhood maltreatment. In addition, the trainings contain only limited information to motivate reporters to see their role as part of a collective endeavor to protect children, and they are failing to adequately address reluctance about reporting. However, improvements are readily achievable. A partnership approach to curriculum design and delivery is recommended to develop effective training that will promote sound reporting. PMID: 33484982 [PubMe...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 20, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Baker AJL, LeBlanc S, Adebayo T, Mathews B Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Non-offending caregiver support in cases of child sexual abuse: An examination of the impact of support on formal disclosures.
CONCLUSIONS: Caregiver support acted as a protective factor against delays of disclosure. However, this support decreased significantly when the abuser was closely related. The current study provides evidence for the need to support caregivers of children who have been abused with educational programs and resources so they can properly support the child impacted. PMID: 33484983 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 20, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Wallis CRD, Woodworth M Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Mapping alexithymia: Level of emotional awareness differentiates emotion-specific somatosensory maps.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Emotions have been associated with culturally universal and distinct bodily sensation "maps". Despite this knowledge, to date few studies have explored emotion-specific topography along clinically relevant dimensions, such as alexithymia. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate emotion-specific topographies among individuals exposed to childhood maltreatment or neglect with absent (n = 51) or with probable (n = 46) alexithymia in adulthood, as defined by scores on the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Ninety eight adult participants with exposure to c...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 18, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Lloyd CS, Stafford E, McKinnon MC, Rabellino D, D'Andrea W, Densmore M, Thome J, Neufeld RWJ, Lanius RA Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

How do young people who have experienced parental intimate partner abuse make sense of romantic relationships? A qualitative analysis.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Approximately one in five children in UK have experienced parental intimate partner abuse (IPA). Research suggests that this is one of the strongest predictors of interpersonal aggression within adult relationships, as well as having significant negative impacts on mental and physical health. Both Attachment Theory (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970; Bowlby, 1969) and Social Learning Theory (Bandura, 1977) attempt to explain this intergenerational cycle of abuse. OBJECTIVE: In line with Birmingham City Council's Domestic Abuse Prevention Strategy 2016-2020, the present study aimed to qualitative...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 18, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Richardson H, Kloess JA, Patel A, Farr J Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

What are the characteristics of cyberbullying victims and perpetrators among South Korean students and how do their experiences change?
CONCLUSION: Adolescents experience distinct patterns of cyberbullying victimization and perpetration based on the individual and social support factors. This study provides important implications that characteristics of subgroups should be considered for interventions in cyberbullying. PMID: 33465726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 16, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Yoo C Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Patterns of child protection service involvement by Aboriginal children associated with a higher risk of self-harm in adolescence: A retrospective population cohort study using linked administrative data.
Abstract BACKGROUND: A history of child maltreatment is known to elevate the risk of self-harm in adolescence. However, this link has not been investigated for Aboriginal children who experience a greater burden of both. OBJECTIVE: Identify patterns of involvement with child protection services by Aboriginal children associated with a higher risk of self-harm in adolescence. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A cohort study was established using linked administrative records of Aboriginal children born in the Northern Territory (NT) of Australia. METHODS: Survival analysis techniques were used to determine t...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 15, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Leckning B, He VYF, Condon JR, Hirvonen T, Milroy H, Guthridge S Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) & youth sports participation: Does a gradient exist?
CONCLUSIONS: ACE exposure in adolescents is associated with reduced odds of sport participation. While sport is traditionally seen as an intervention for youth to build resilience, it may be prudent to consider targeted interventions that encourage sport participation in youth who experience ACEs. Special consideration may be needed for boys who experience ACEs. Additionally, the results suggest that utilising a trauma informed framework within the world of youth sport and sports medicine may be of value overall. PMID: 33461113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 15, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Noel-London K, Ortiz K, BeLue R Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Child maltreatment, lifetime trauma, and mental health in Swiss older survivors of enforced child welfare practices: Investigating the mediating role of self-esteem and self-compassion.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that child maltreatment has a lifetime impact and influences mental health into later life, and that self-esteem can mitigate the detrimental impact of emotional abuse and neglect on mental health. PMID: 33461114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 15, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Thoma MV, Bernays F, Eising CM, Maercker A, Rohner SL Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Child maltreatment, recent stressful life events, and suicide ideation: A test of the stress sensitivity hypothesis.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Exposure to child maltreatment is a well-known risk factor for suicide ideation among adolescents. Recent stressful life events may also contribute to this risk. However, the association between these risk factors is unclear in the etiology of suicide ideation for adolescents from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds. OBJECTIVE: The present study tested the stress generation and stress sensitivity hypotheses in relation to child maltreatment, recent stressful life events (in the past year), and suicide ideation (in the past two weeks). PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: We utilized a ...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 11, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Duprey EB, Handley ED, Manly JT, Cicchetti D, Toth SL Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Share our stories: An exploration of the healthcare experiences of child sex trafficking survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: These themes illustrate the experiences of sex trafficked youth experiencing homelessness and provide pediatric practitioners the opportunity to become more informed and equipped to recognize them. They also highlight serious health consequences of not being identified and egregious examples of providers exhibiting denial or inappropriate responses to their disclosure. PMID: 33434686 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 9, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Wallace C, Lavina I, Mollen C Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Association of harsh parenting and maltreatment with internet addiction, and the mediating role of bullying and social support.
Abstract Growing evidence has shown that exposure to harsh parenting and child maltreatment elevate the risk of Internet addiction in adolescence. Yet, limited research has examined the mechanisms underlying this association. The present study was a cross-sectional school survey of 1204 adolescents (52.2 % male and 47.8 % female; mean age, 13.36 years) in Hong Kong. The adolescents completed a self-reported questionnaire about their exposure to bullying victimization, bullying perpetration, child maltreatment, Internet addiction, and social support. The findings showed that harsh parenting and maltreatment was sig...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 8, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Lo CKM, Ho FK, Emery C, Chan KL, Wong RS, Tung KTS, Ip P Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Transmission of parental childhood trauma to child behavior problems: Parental Hostile/Helpless state of mind as a moderator.
CONCLUSIONS: In the context of trauma, this study suggests that the absence of a H/H state of mind in parents (i.e., the presence of an organized attachment state of mind) is a protective factor for child adjustment. H/H mental representations of self and attachment experiences as targets of intervention for parents with histories of maltreatment may help reduce the transmission of risk in maltreating families. PMID: 33422283 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 6, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Sauvé M, Cyr C, St-Laurent D, Amédée LM, Dubois-Comtois K, Tarabulsy GM, Bernier A, Moss E Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Beyond fight, flight, and freeze: Towards a new conceptualization of peritraumatic responses to child sexual abuse based on retrospective accounts of adult survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: Existing theory with respect to peritraumatic responses to trauma, and to CSA in particular, should be reconsidered based on the multifaceted model proposed in the current study. The findings point to a previously unrecognized peritraumatic response to trauma: numbness and seeking ways to survive ongoing abuse. Finally, recommendations are provided for incorporating the current model in both prevention and intervention efforts in the CSA field. PMID: 33418319 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - January 5, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Katz C, Tsur N, Talmon A, Nicolet R Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research