Occupational health and disease prevention in the Czech Republic: history and present situation.
Authors: Tuček M PMID: 33069173 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal disorders and working risk factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Important factors for the prevention of MSDs are directly related to the technical provision of production, the organization of work and the regime of work and rest, the length of working hours and the setting of production standards, and generally to the work related stress. PMID: 33069174 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of local muscular load of dental practitioners.
Authors: Schlenker A, Kapitán M, Vavřičková L, Bušová M Abstract OBJECTIVE: Hands and forearms are one of the most common localisations of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among dental practitioners. The aim of this study was to objectively assess the local muscular load of hands and forearms of dental practitioners during various treatment procedures using the method of the integrated electromyography (iEMG). This method is used for health risk assessment and categorization of working operation within the official national methodology. METHODS: A total of 24 measurements were perf...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Markers of oxidative stress after three days of nanoTiO2 sunscreen use in humans: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: This study suggests potential side effects of the sunscreen - borderline elevation of markers of oxidative stress/inflammation - which may relate to the absorption of the nanoTiO2, and the non-significant difference may be explained by the small number of subjects. The effect was not seen in EBC, where nanoTiO2 was not found. A larger study is needed, as according to our previous study, the beneficial effect of the sunscreen to suppress oxidative stress caused by UV radiation may be questioned. PMID: 33069176 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers to introduction of smoke-free workplaces in Central Europe: example of the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: The working environment influences smoking habits. Smoking cessation support is cost-effective not only for the smoking employee but for employers as well. Smoking cessation resources should be available during the working day. No exceptions should be made as they serve as barriers to a smoke-free working environment. PMID: 33069177 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

The presence of fine and ultrafine particulate matter in the work environment.
This study presents the results of pilot measurement, where the exposure of fine and ultrafine particulate matter was monitored. The measurement was performed in welding workplace, where these particles are produced unintentionally. The measurement consisted of collecting information and measuring the concentration of particles in the workplace, where data collection was focused only on inhalation exposure. During welding, primarily 300 nm size particles are produced, and their concentration is strongly influenced by the welding material, type of welding and suction. The particles are amorphous in terms of morphology and c...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Occurrence of asbestos-related occupational diseases in the Czech Republic in the last 20 years.
CONCLUSION: The authors emphasize the importance of work history for the diagnostic process of asbestos-related diseases and also the need to perform follow-up examinations for their early detection. PMID: 33069179 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Risk of exposure to acrylamide.
CONCLUSIONS: Dietary intake of acrylamide, as well as occupational exposure, cigarette smoking, cosmetics usage and other environmental sources could have a significant effect on human health. PMID: 33069180 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of selected risk factors in cardiovascular diseases in two different populations of the Czech Republic.
Authors: Pavlík V, Šafka V, Pravdová L, Urban M, Lašák P, Tuček M Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work is to compare the current prevalence of selected risk factors in cardiovascular diseases in the Czech general population in a particular region with a selected population of Czech soldiers in a particular military unit. METHODS: Within medical preventive examinations, data from 684 civilians aged between 30-60 years were obtained (405 men and 279 women). Within compulsory medical preventive examinations, data from 659 soldiers from a particular military unit aged betwee...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Are our nurses healthy? Cardiorespiratory fitness in a very exhausting profession.
CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the usage of CPET during the regular medical check-ups significantly increases detection of hidden diseases and thus improves the care for nurses. PMID: 33069182 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Mobbing, subjective perception, demographic factors, and prevalence of burnout syndrome in nurses.
CONCLUSIONS: The research revealed that the probability of burnout syndrome incidence is related to socio-demographic factors as well as to an individual's psychological states and perceptions. Direct impact of mobbing on the probability of burnout syndrome incidence was inconclusive. PMID: 33069183 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Study design, size, and adequate exposure data as the crucial aspects in cancer risk assessment and implementation of the precautionary principle.
Authors: Bencko V, Tuček M, Quinn JM Abstract Traditional approaches and study design in cancer epidemiology have not been very successful in identifying and evaluating adequately the potential risk and/or protective factors associated with the disease. The main reasons for the failure are often due the small study sample size, and inadequate exposure information. In this paper, issues and approaches relevant to these two challenges are discussed. Multicentre study is proposed as a way to increase study size and to mitigate criticism about meta-analysis of independent studies. A multicentre study of large cohort o...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Hospital as a smoke-free workplace.
CONCLUSIONS: The Global Network's mission is to advocate, recruit and enable healthcare services and professionals to implement and sustain effective tobacco management and cessation policies in accordance with the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). A systematic approach supports the quality of care and treatment outcomes for patients as well as healthy workplace conditions for the staff. PMID: 33069185 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Compliance with standard precautions in inpatient healthcare settings in the Czech Republic: a cross-sectional survey.
CONCLUSION: In the surveyed healthcare facilities within the Czech Republic, overall compliance with hygiene standards is at a good level. Declared differences in compliance with hygiene standards in the selected items of the questionnaire are influenced by multiple factors. Generally, a higher level of compliance is linked to increasing age, years of practice, and a higher level of education. When comparing professional groups, a higher level of compliance with hygiene standards was registered in the NHP group. PMID: 32997471 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of opinions of Slovak and Czech female medical students on HPV vaccination.
CONCLUSIONS: The adoption of an oncologic prevention programme and the more extensive propagation by paediatricians are probably the medical reasons for the higher HPV vaccination among Czech students. Demographic factors - village residency and religion - are also important. PMID: 32997472 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Mediterranean spotted fever in child and adult patients: investigation from an endemic region in Bulgaria.
CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the peculiarities of MSF in children will contribute to children's health protection, timely diagnose and disease prevention. PMID: 32997473 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Subjective sensitivity to noise and non-auditory health effects among adults in Ni š, Serbia.
This study was designed as a cross-sectional questionnaire survey among 908 adult residents of Niš, Serbia, of whom 387 were men (42.6%) and 521 women (57.4%). Streets with day Leq ≥ 55 dB(A) and night Leq ≥ 45 dB(A) were regarded as noisy and those with day Leq ≤ 55 dB(A) and night Leq ≤ 45 dB(A) were regarded as quiet, in accordance with WHO recommendations. Noise sensitivity was measured with the Weinstein's Noise Sensitivity Scale. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the impact of noise sensitivity on non-auditory health effects. RESULTS: The study showed that the values of the Weinst...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Health aspects of exposure to emissions from burning coal of high beryllium content: interactions with the immune system.
Authors: Petanová J, Bencko V Abstract Beryllium has an impact on the human health of professionally or non-occupationally exposed people. Current evidence suggests that beryllium acts as a hapten with limited antigenic properties and is presented by antigen presenting cells to CD4+ T cells, which possess specific antigen receptors. The immunological changes in humoral immunoreactivity were considered biomarkers of beryllium exposure. In the present, due to the development of immunologic knowledge, tests of cellular immunity have promising potential for further research in this field. The historical view of ...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of respiratory toxicity of TiO2 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles after intravenous instillation: an experimental study.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that TiO2 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles used in our study were transferred from the bloodstream to the respiratory tract, but this effect was not observed at 28 days after i.v. injection, probably due to their removal from the respiratory tract. PMID: 32997476 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Fruit and vegetable consumption and cardiovascular diseases among Jordanians: a case-control study.
CONCLUSIONS: Adding to the present evidence, consumption of some fruits and vegetables could be considered as preventive factor against developing CVD. However, the association of consuming vegetables with preventing CVD was higher than the fruit consumption. PMID: 32997477 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Quality of life of patients with psoriasis.
CONCLUSIONS: The QOL of our patients was relatively good. This could be explained by the fact that our patients have been suffering from psoriasis for many years and have probably adapted to their disease. QOL of our patients was not directly dependent on the extent and intensity of skin changes. Further studies on the connection between psoriasis therapy and patients' QOL are still highly needed. PMID: 32997478 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Medical tourism: its research and implications for public health.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for data collection on medical tourism, both at national and worldwide level to provide a realistic picture of this evolving field of tourism as well as implications for public health in destination countries. PMID: 32997479 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Complications of planned home births in the Czech Republic between 2016 ‒2017.
CONCLUSION: Complications of planned home births occurred more frequently in women living in largely populated cities and with higher education levels. Planned home births were also observed among women who were at a higher risk of complications. Risk factors included nulliparity, postdate pregnancy, and lack of prenatal care. Hospital transfers occurred most often in the third stage of labour and postpartum. PMID: 32997480 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Consequences of holocaust on physical health of survivors: bibliography review.
CONCLUSION: The studies of Holocaust effects are an example of the influence of an extreme mental and physical burden on the body condition of the survivors' health. The results of the studies have shown a wide range of the effects also in mental and social areas. PMID: 32997481 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Tuberculosis drug resistance in Canakkale, Turkey.
Authors: Gonlugur T, Basol G, Gonlugur U PMID: 32997482 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Use of chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine in treatment of COVID-19: is it ethical?
Authors: Allam MF, Andraous F PMID: 32997483 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Can wearing face masks in public affect transmission route and viral load in COVID-19?
Authors: Střížová Z, Bartůňková J, Smrž D Abstract The mandatory face mask wearing was implemented in the Czech Republic and Slovakia shortly after the COVID-19 outbreak in Central Europe. So far, the number of COVID-19-associated deaths per 100,000 individuals is far lower in these countries as compared with other neighbouring or close countries. The use of face masks in public may not protect the general public from contracting the virus, however, presumptively decreases the viral load and contributes to a favourable clinical outcome in COVID-19 disease. A certain time is required for an...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship between consumption of soft and alcoholic drinks and oral health problems.
CONCLUSION: There is good evidence for association between soft drinks and oral health problems, but still no clear answer exists about strength of association between sugar-free soft drinks and dental caries. Also the knowledge about influence of alcohol is inadequate. Since consuming style affects erosive potential of drinks manufacturers should be required to add some recommendations on labels about drinking style. PMID: 32592551 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Desert on the menu? What children are served in German full-service restaurants.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the range of food on offer for children in German restaurants is unhealthy and lacking in variety. There is an urgent need for improvement of both the menus themselves as well as the offered meals. Our study is not only by far the most comprehensive study, but also the study with the worst CMA score values worldwide. PMID: 32592552 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of oral hygiene instructions on plaque index in adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: A significant oral hygiene improvement in adolescents as a result of education was presented. However, due to a decline in oral hygiene level six months after the education, there is a need for educational programmes continuity. PMID: 32592553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Experiences and needs of licensed health risk assessors conducting health impact assessment in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSION: The collected data showed obstacles and gaps in the implementation of the HIA methodology in the Czech Republic. At the same time it has revealed possible ways to change the current situation, based on the opinions of those who practice this methodology in the Czech Republic. PMID: 32592554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Analysis of incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and evaluation of their control in epidemiological survey in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSION: European guidelines suggest general screening for risk factors, including analysis of lipid profiles in the population of 40-year-old males and 50-year-old or postmenopausal women. Our study documents high prevalence and incidence of CV risk factors together with insufficient control of the risk factors in Czech patients of this age range. This finding suggests that preventive examinations should be undertaken earlier (e.g., in 30-year-old males and 40-year-old women). Exact timing of the preventive check-ups to yield the best cost-benefit ratio needs to be verified. PMID: 32592555 [PubMed - as supplied by ...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Is population's cardiorespiratory fitness really declining?
Authors: Sovová M, Sovová E, Asswad AG, Sova M Abstract OBJECTIVE: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is defined as the capacity of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems to meet the oxygen demands of the body during physical work. Poor CRF is connected with a higher risk for the development of various noninfectious diseases such as cardiovascular disease or malignancies. The standard test for the assessment of CRF is exercise testing with the measurement of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max). Standard VO2 max values for adult men and women in the Czech Republic have been available since the 1970s wi...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Women's knowledge and beliefs towards vaccination for influenza during pregnancy in Turkey and underlying factors of misinformation: a single-centre cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: The knowledge of the participants on vaccination for influenza was inadequate and had misconceptions. The inadequacy of healthcare employees, government institutions and the media may have played roles in this outcome. The reasons underlying the inadequacy of the healthcare providers on vaccination for influenza may be questioned. PMID: 32592557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Vaccination rates for Syrian population under temporary protection in Turkey.
CONCLUSION: It is important to increase the immunization rates of Syrian children under temporary protection and establish regular vaccination procedures. PMID: 32592558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Changing of risk factors related to diarrhoea among children aged under 5 within ten years in Turkey.
CONCLUSIONS: As a result, patterns of the risk factors of diarrhoea has changed from 1998 to 2008 DHS in Turkey. However, impact of factors related with socioeconomic environment such as region and mother's education persisted. PMID: 32592559 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Reproductive health of Roma women in Slovakia.
The objective of the study was to describe factors affecting the health of the Roma living in Slovakia, with an emphasis on the sexual and reproductive health of Roma women, and report on the results of analysis of high-risk pregnancies of Roma women in the district of Rimavská Sobota, Slovakia. METHODS: A retrospective study of medical documentation was used. The results were analyzed using the absolute and relative frequencies. Statistical methods were used. RESULTS: A total of 1,256 high-risk pregnancies were analyzed, of which 622 (49.52%) were in Roma women. The average age of Roma respondents was lower...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Social adaptation status of Syrian refugee physicians living in Turkey.
CONCLUSION: The social adaptation scores of the Syrian physicians were considerably high. The adaptation status was found to be associated with some characteristics like living in Turkey for a long time and having pre-knowledge about the Turkish healthcare system. PMID: 32592561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Paediatrics in Theresienstadt ghetto.
Authors: Horáčková K, Ševčovičová A, Hrstka Z, Wichsová J, Zaviš M Abstract The main objective of this study is to describe the most common childhood diseases occurring in the Theresienstadt ghetto during the Second World War as well as applied anti-epidemic measures. A partial objective is to describe medical and nursing care of sick child prisoners. The data was obtained by the method of synthesis of primary and secondary data with the highest importance after adequate external source criticism using selected monographs, memoirs, survivor diaries, Orders of the day by ...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Risky sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among young women in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSION: Women with early coitarche and a high cumulative number of sexual partners have more unwanted pregnancies and STDs; moreover, those with regular coital activity without contraception are less frequently vaccinated against HPV. PMID: 32228810 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Smoking prevalence and desire to quit among employees in Transylvanian foster care homes.
Authors: Tubák N, Ábrám Z, Lorand Ferencz I, Nadasan V, Ferencz M, Balázs P, Pénzes M, Foley KL Abstract OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated smoking habits among foster care home children and employees, who are at high risk for smoking. Additionally, there are no published studies on the intention to quit smoking among employees of the Romanian Child Protection system, a gap we address in this manuscript. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional survey was conducted among foster care employees in three Transylvanian counties (Mures, Sibiu, Covasna) in January 2014 to February...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Early intervention and identification of gambling disorder: a systematic literature review of strategies implemented by gambling operators.
CONCLUSIONS: Although a number of methods how to address disordered gambling are available to gambling operators, there is still insufficient evidence about the validity and reliability of identification strategies and about effectiveness of the intervention methods. PMID: 32228812 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Energy, macronutrients and dietary fibre intake among adults in North Macedonia.
CONCLUSION: Macronutrients intake of adults should be improved. There is higher intake of dietary fats and need for an increase of complex carbohydrates intake, particularly dietary fibre. Findings of this survey should be used in shaping, fine-tuning and implementing food and nutrition policies that will stimulate healthier diets for prevention of diet related non-communicable diseases. PMID: 32228813 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Environmental characteristics of older people attending physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinics.
CONCLUSIONS: The layouts of buildings and surroundings are inappropriate for older people, and the opportunities for them to participate in social activities are limited. Health and social programmes and governmental and local policies for older people are needed, and public awareness about this issue should be raised. PMID: 32228814 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Exposure to mercury from dental amalgam: actual contribution for risk assessment.
Authors: Tuček M, Bušová M, Čejchanová M, Schlenker A, Kapitán M Abstract OBJECTIVE: Mercury dental amalgam restorations are an important source of chronic exposure to mercury in the whole population and special attention should be paid not only to occupational exposure to mercury during the preparation and administration of amalgam. The authors' report is an up-to-date contribution to the health risk assessment of mercury use in dentistry, namely occupational exposure to mercury in dentists working with dental amalgam and exposure to mercury in persons treated with amalgam dental rest...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Incidence of spontaneous abortions and congenital anomalies in the vicinity of a uranium processing plant.
CONCLUSIONS: No increase was found in the incidence of spontaneous abortions and congenital anomalies in the vicinity of this former uranium processing plant compared to the surrounding District of České Budějovice, the South Bohemian Region, or the Czech Republic as a whole. PMID: 32228816 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Increasing incidence of tuberculosis diagnosed by surgery: a single centre analysis in low-incidence country.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the overall incidence of TB in the Czech Republic is low and constantly continues to decrease, the number of TB detected by surgical procedures is increasing. Surgery still remains an important tool in diagnostics of nonobvious cases of TB, especially in patients with a potential risk of malignancy. PMID: 32228817 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of smoking on metabolic changes and effectiveness of drugs used for lung cancer.
CONCLUSION: The evaluated studies show that continued smoking after lung cancer diagnosis is related to poor prognosis, reduced survival, risk of second primary malignancies, and increased cancer recurrence. Of particular importance is the deterioration in the quality of life and an increased incidence of the adverse drug reactions in smokers. The patient's cigarette smoking history should be considered carefully and smoking cessation must be taken into account. PMID: 32228818 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Lung cancer incidence and mortality in Split-Dalmatia County, 2003-2012.
CONCLUSIONS: According to the indicators of incidence and mortality of lung cancer in Split-Dalmatia County, this malignant neoplasm should occupy a high place within County public health priorities measures of prevention programme, targeting risk factors responsible for their formation. PMID: 32228819 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiological study on more accurate diagnosis of prostate cancer.
CONCLUSION: The use of PHI may considerably improve the accuracy of PCa detection in patients with elevated PSA and thus reduce the number of unnecessary biopsies. PMID: 32228820 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research