Can wearing face masks in public affect transmission route and viral load in COVID-19?
Authors: Střížová Z, Bartůňková J, Smrž D Abstract The mandatory face mask wearing was implemented in the Czech Republic and Slovakia shortly after the COVID-19 outbreak in Central Europe. So far, the number of COVID-19-associated deaths per 100,000 individuals is far lower in these countries as compared with other neighbouring or close countries. The use of face masks in public may not protect the general public from contracting the virus, however, presumptively decreases the viral load and contributes to a favourable clinical outcome in COVID-19 disease. A certain time is required for an...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship between consumption of soft and alcoholic drinks and oral health problems.
CONCLUSION: There is good evidence for association between soft drinks and oral health problems, but still no clear answer exists about strength of association between sugar-free soft drinks and dental caries. Also the knowledge about influence of alcohol is inadequate. Since consuming style affects erosive potential of drinks manufacturers should be required to add some recommendations on labels about drinking style. PMID: 32592551 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Desert on the menu? What children are served in German full-service restaurants.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the range of food on offer for children in German restaurants is unhealthy and lacking in variety. There is an urgent need for improvement of both the menus themselves as well as the offered meals. Our study is not only by far the most comprehensive study, but also the study with the worst CMA score values worldwide. PMID: 32592552 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of oral hygiene instructions on plaque index in adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: A significant oral hygiene improvement in adolescents as a result of education was presented. However, due to a decline in oral hygiene level six months after the education, there is a need for educational programmes continuity. PMID: 32592553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Experiences and needs of licensed health risk assessors conducting health impact assessment in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSION: The collected data showed obstacles and gaps in the implementation of the HIA methodology in the Czech Republic. At the same time it has revealed possible ways to change the current situation, based on the opinions of those who practice this methodology in the Czech Republic. PMID: 32592554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Analysis of incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and evaluation of their control in epidemiological survey in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSION: European guidelines suggest general screening for risk factors, including analysis of lipid profiles in the population of 40-year-old males and 50-year-old or postmenopausal women. Our study documents high prevalence and incidence of CV risk factors together with insufficient control of the risk factors in Czech patients of this age range. This finding suggests that preventive examinations should be undertaken earlier (e.g., in 30-year-old males and 40-year-old women). Exact timing of the preventive check-ups to yield the best cost-benefit ratio needs to be verified. PMID: 32592555 [PubMed - as supplied by ...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Is population's cardiorespiratory fitness really declining?
Authors: Sovová M, Sovová E, Asswad AG, Sova M Abstract OBJECTIVE: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is defined as the capacity of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems to meet the oxygen demands of the body during physical work. Poor CRF is connected with a higher risk for the development of various noninfectious diseases such as cardiovascular disease or malignancies. The standard test for the assessment of CRF is exercise testing with the measurement of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max). Standard VO2 max values for adult men and women in the Czech Republic have been available since the 1970s wi...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Women's knowledge and beliefs towards vaccination for influenza during pregnancy in Turkey and underlying factors of misinformation: a single-centre cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: The knowledge of the participants on vaccination for influenza was inadequate and had misconceptions. The inadequacy of healthcare employees, government institutions and the media may have played roles in this outcome. The reasons underlying the inadequacy of the healthcare providers on vaccination for influenza may be questioned. PMID: 32592557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Vaccination rates for Syrian population under temporary protection in Turkey.
CONCLUSION: It is important to increase the immunization rates of Syrian children under temporary protection and establish regular vaccination procedures. PMID: 32592558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Changing of risk factors related to diarrhoea among children aged under 5 within ten years in Turkey.
CONCLUSIONS: As a result, patterns of the risk factors of diarrhoea has changed from 1998 to 2008 DHS in Turkey. However, impact of factors related with socioeconomic environment such as region and mother's education persisted. PMID: 32592559 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Reproductive health of Roma women in Slovakia.
The objective of the study was to describe factors affecting the health of the Roma living in Slovakia, with an emphasis on the sexual and reproductive health of Roma women, and report on the results of analysis of high-risk pregnancies of Roma women in the district of Rimavská Sobota, Slovakia. METHODS: A retrospective study of medical documentation was used. The results were analyzed using the absolute and relative frequencies. Statistical methods were used. RESULTS: A total of 1,256 high-risk pregnancies were analyzed, of which 622 (49.52%) were in Roma women. The average age of Roma respondents was lower...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Social adaptation status of Syrian refugee physicians living in Turkey.
CONCLUSION: The social adaptation scores of the Syrian physicians were considerably high. The adaptation status was found to be associated with some characteristics like living in Turkey for a long time and having pre-knowledge about the Turkish healthcare system. PMID: 32592561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Paediatrics in Theresienstadt ghetto.
Authors: Horáčková K, Ševčovičová A, Hrstka Z, Wichsová J, Zaviš M Abstract The main objective of this study is to describe the most common childhood diseases occurring in the Theresienstadt ghetto during the Second World War as well as applied anti-epidemic measures. A partial objective is to describe medical and nursing care of sick child prisoners. The data was obtained by the method of synthesis of primary and secondary data with the highest importance after adequate external source criticism using selected monographs, memoirs, survivor diaries, Orders of the day by ...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Risky sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among young women in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSION: Women with early coitarche and a high cumulative number of sexual partners have more unwanted pregnancies and STDs; moreover, those with regular coital activity without contraception are less frequently vaccinated against HPV. PMID: 32228810 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Smoking prevalence and desire to quit among employees in Transylvanian foster care homes.
Authors: Tubák N, Ábrám Z, Lorand Ferencz I, Nadasan V, Ferencz M, Balázs P, Pénzes M, Foley KL Abstract OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated smoking habits among foster care home children and employees, who are at high risk for smoking. Additionally, there are no published studies on the intention to quit smoking among employees of the Romanian Child Protection system, a gap we address in this manuscript. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional survey was conducted among foster care employees in three Transylvanian counties (Mures, Sibiu, Covasna) in January 2014 to February...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Early intervention and identification of gambling disorder: a systematic literature review of strategies implemented by gambling operators.
CONCLUSIONS: Although a number of methods how to address disordered gambling are available to gambling operators, there is still insufficient evidence about the validity and reliability of identification strategies and about effectiveness of the intervention methods. PMID: 32228812 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Energy, macronutrients and dietary fibre intake among adults in North Macedonia.
CONCLUSION: Macronutrients intake of adults should be improved. There is higher intake of dietary fats and need for an increase of complex carbohydrates intake, particularly dietary fibre. Findings of this survey should be used in shaping, fine-tuning and implementing food and nutrition policies that will stimulate healthier diets for prevention of diet related non-communicable diseases. PMID: 32228813 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Environmental characteristics of older people attending physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinics.
CONCLUSIONS: The layouts of buildings and surroundings are inappropriate for older people, and the opportunities for them to participate in social activities are limited. Health and social programmes and governmental and local policies for older people are needed, and public awareness about this issue should be raised. PMID: 32228814 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Exposure to mercury from dental amalgam: actual contribution for risk assessment.
Authors: Tuček M, Bušová M, Čejchanová M, Schlenker A, Kapitán M Abstract OBJECTIVE: Mercury dental amalgam restorations are an important source of chronic exposure to mercury in the whole population and special attention should be paid not only to occupational exposure to mercury during the preparation and administration of amalgam. The authors' report is an up-to-date contribution to the health risk assessment of mercury use in dentistry, namely occupational exposure to mercury in dentists working with dental amalgam and exposure to mercury in persons treated with amalgam dental rest...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Incidence of spontaneous abortions and congenital anomalies in the vicinity of a uranium processing plant.
CONCLUSIONS: No increase was found in the incidence of spontaneous abortions and congenital anomalies in the vicinity of this former uranium processing plant compared to the surrounding District of České Budějovice, the South Bohemian Region, or the Czech Republic as a whole. PMID: 32228816 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Increasing incidence of tuberculosis diagnosed by surgery: a single centre analysis in low-incidence country.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the overall incidence of TB in the Czech Republic is low and constantly continues to decrease, the number of TB detected by surgical procedures is increasing. Surgery still remains an important tool in diagnostics of nonobvious cases of TB, especially in patients with a potential risk of malignancy. PMID: 32228817 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of smoking on metabolic changes and effectiveness of drugs used for lung cancer.
CONCLUSION: The evaluated studies show that continued smoking after lung cancer diagnosis is related to poor prognosis, reduced survival, risk of second primary malignancies, and increased cancer recurrence. Of particular importance is the deterioration in the quality of life and an increased incidence of the adverse drug reactions in smokers. The patient's cigarette smoking history should be considered carefully and smoking cessation must be taken into account. PMID: 32228818 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Lung cancer incidence and mortality in Split-Dalmatia County, 2003-2012.
CONCLUSIONS: According to the indicators of incidence and mortality of lung cancer in Split-Dalmatia County, this malignant neoplasm should occupy a high place within County public health priorities measures of prevention programme, targeting risk factors responsible for their formation. PMID: 32228819 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiological study on more accurate diagnosis of prostate cancer.
CONCLUSION: The use of PHI may considerably improve the accuracy of PCa detection in patients with elevated PSA and thus reduce the number of unnecessary biopsies. PMID: 32228820 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of hepatitis E among hospitalized patients in Slovakia: first report.
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of anti-HEV total antibodies of hospitalised patients was high. The risk factor significantly associated with antibody positivity was eating raw meat. Other factors, such as sex, age, living area and contact with animals were not associated with antibody positivity. PMID: 32228821 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Microbial contamination and infection risks of narghile besides hazards of tobacco.
We examined totally 182 water pipes from 7 lounges (in Turkey) used in public places and we collected 728 culture samples in total by microbiological methods. We used disposable sterile swabs to sample the inside and outside of the mouthpiece, and the handling piece and sterile injectors were used to collect 5 mL of water from the water pipe bowl. RESULTS: There was a significant (p
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Psychosocial impacts among adolescents disengaged from Colombian illegal armed groups and challenges to their attention.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show the complexity of the psychosocial impacts among adolescent victims of the Colombian armed conflict and their attention. Highly trained professionals and alternative strategies including active listening, observation and art therapy activities seem to be vital for an effective care. The lessons learned from the Colombian reintegration programme serve as important inputs to be considered when attending children and adolescents from conflict-stricken areas also in other contexts. PMID: 32228823 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

State of knowledge about information sources and health care centres for rare diseases among affected people in Germany.
CONCLUSION: The majority of the respondents know medical care centres, most participants use self-help groups as information source, however, government-supported portals are largely unknown so that there is a need for further information in this regard. PMID: 32228824 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Family history and cord blood eosinophil count as predictors for atopic manifestations.
CONCLUSIONS: A positive medical history, especially of mothers and cEo, seem to be predictive in screening for the onset of allergic diseases. PMID: 31951684 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Body mass index and other risk factors for kidney cancer in men: a cohort study in Lithuania.
Authors: Everatt R, Virvičiūtė D, Tamošiūnas A Abstract OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have observed notable unexplained geographic differences in incidence of kidney cancer in Europe. Lithuania is among the countries with the highest incidence and mortality. Our objective was to investigate the effect of different lifestyle, anthropometric and biological factors on the risk of kidney cancer in Lithuanian men. METHODS: This population-based cohort study included 6,849 men initially free from cancer. During the follow-up (1978-2008), 79 incident cases of kidney cancer were identified. Cox proportional h...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Cystic fibrosis and career counselling.
Authors: Zupanič MV, Škerjanc A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects mostly lungs but also other organs. Modern treatment has transformed once fatal disease of childhood into the chronic disease of adulthood. Hence more patients enter the job market. Very few adolescents with cystic fibrosis receive some formal career guidance. There is still no professional career guidance for them in Slovenia. METHODS: Literature on workability of patients with cystic fibrosis was reviewed. Following the articles and Slovenian and foreign manuals the guidelines on career counselling o...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae co-infections among patients with newly diagnosed syphilis: a single-centre, cross-sectional study.
Authors: Rob F, Jůzlová K, Kružicová Z, Vaňousová D, Lásiková Š, Sýkorová B, Machala L, Rozsypal H, Veselý D, Zákoucká H, Hercogová J Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae co-infections among patients with newly diagnosed syphilis. METHODS: In patients with any stage of newly diagnosed syphilis swabs were performed from urethra, rectum, pharynx and cervix according to the gender and type of sexual intercourse. From these smears standard val...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Hospital infection control and behaviour of operating room staff.
CONCLUSION: As the results indicated a low adherence to international guidelines among the personnel, it is suggested that training courses should be provided to increase staff awareness on prevention and management of HAI. PMID: 31951688 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Occupational diseases in the automotive industry from medical and geographic viewpoints - comparison between the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
CONCLUSION: Given the results of the study, it can be recommended to focus on the ergonomics of assembly work in the automotive industry. Special attention should be given to the provision of occupational health services, especially in microenterprises. PMID: 31951689 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Relation between personal exposure and outdoor concentrations of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during smog episode.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to outdoor cPAHs, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), commuting, and time spent indoors (in restaurants, workplace or home) were found to be the main determinants of the personal exposure. Daily cPAHs measurements in highly polluted areas are needed for evaluating the personal exposure and to avoid its underestimation resulting from stationary monitoring. PMID: 31951690 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

In vivo assessment of genotoxicity in buccal cells of children undergoing tooth restoration.
This study was performed to evaluate possible DNA damage to buccal cells exposed to dental materials. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal clinical study was conducted over a three months period. Class II restorations were placed in 60 young patients with no previous filling using one of three tested dental materials (two glass ionomers; Ketac Molar and Ionofil Molar and one compomer material; Twinky Star). DNA damage was analysed by micronucleus assays, in buccal exfoliated epithelial cells. RESULTS: In patients treated with Ketac Molar, a significant frequency of micronuclei (p = 0.027) and binucleated cells i...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Measuring functional health literacy in Hungary: Validation of S-TOFHLA and Chew screening questions.
CONCLUSION: The Hungarian version of the S-TOFHLA is a valid and reliable measure of health literacy. Moreover, the Hungarian version of the Chew screening questions provides a valid self-reported assessment, which is particularly useful to rapidly detect patients with inadequate health literacy in hospitals. It is expected that these health literacy measurements will be used for not only scientific purposes, but also serve as tools for developing public health policy, especially health education and campaigns reducing potential health disparities in Hungary. PMID: 31951692 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central Europe...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of internet addiction among medical students: a study from Southwestern Iran.
Authors: Sayyah M, Khanafereh S Abstract OBJECTIVE: In today's world, despite the numerous benefits, increasing demand for computer technology and the influence of widespread internet technology, many people, especially students, have faced impaired mental health and social relationships resulting from internet addiction; therefore, with regard to the contradictory results of preceding studies in the field of internet addiction, this study was designed to determine the prevalence of internet addiction in students of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted ...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Screening of opportunistic Encephalitozoon intestinalis and Enterocytozoon bieneusi in immunocompromised patients in Slovakia.
Authors: Halánová M, Valenčáková A, Jarčuška P, Halán M, Danišová O, Babinská I, Dedinská K, Čisláková L Abstract OBJECTIVE: In recent years new infectious diseases, i.e. emerging or re-emerging diseases, have been coming to the forefront. Currently, microsporidia, considered to be a major cause of emerging and opportunistic infections particularly in immunocompromised individuals, are also included in this group. Therefore, the aim of our study was to map the prevalence of Encephalitozoon intestinalis and Enterocytozoon bieneusi...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Microbiome and diversity indices during blood stem cells transplantation - new perspectives?
Conclusions: The data show the microbial metabolome could have an impact on patients with GVHD vs. no GVHD. A better understanding of the role of the oral and gut microbiome in GVHD can give directions to move towards the development of innovative approaches for preventing GVHD following allo-HCT, reducing also antibiotic therapy. PMID: 31951695 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

The presence of multidrug-resistant staphylococcal isolates outside of a major hospital in London, United Kingdom.
CONCLUSION: This work provides evidence of the presence of multidrug-resistant staphylococci in the vicinity of the hospital environment in London. PMID: 31951696 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: Position Paper of the Czech Society of Cardiology.
Authors: Cífková R, Krajčoviechová A Abstract Epidemiologic studies consistently report a U-shaped curve relationship between the amount of alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease, with consumption of ≥ three alcoholic drinks being associated with an increased risk. However, the cardioprotective effect of light and moderate alcohol consumption has been recently questioned. In the absence of a randomized trial confirming the cardioprotective effect of light or moderate alcohol consumption, an alternative method to prove the causality is Mendelian randomization using a genetic variant ...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol-related liver diseases.
Authors: Ehrmann J, Urban O, Dvoran P Abstract This educational article/narrative review reflects the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) clinical practice guidelines: management of alcohol-related liver disease. An important change contrasting with the 2012 guidelines is the new terminology of alcohol-related liver diseases. Another important outcome is the strong emphasis on prevention of alcohol use disorder which may be performed at all stages of public health care. PMID: 31901188 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol use and its consequences in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol consumption as well as the prevalence of heavy episodic drinking in the Czech Republic belongs among the highest globally. On the other hand, declines in alcohol use have been recently observed among children and adolescents. Available data on alcohol-related morbidity indicate stable situation, though alcohol-related mortality is increasing. Alcohol-related burden is rather underestimated and evidence-based alcohol policy should be increasingly implemented. PMID: 31901189 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Public health response to methanol mass poisoning in the Czech Republic in 2012: a case study.
CONCLUSION: The analysis and evaluation of procedural activities carried out after the methanol outbreak have laid the foundations for a multidimensional study that can contribute to integrated national policy concepts aimed at preventing these and similar negative health, societal and economic consequences. Six years after the methanol outbreak, national and regional health policies have reflected no findings concerning the experience of patients whose health was impaired due to methanol, and the economic cost of the event has not been calculated. The quality of life of these patients has greatly decreased due to permanen...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Age-gender mortality study on alcohol-induced deaths in Slovakia.
CONCLUSIONS: In such development of the alcohol-related mortality structure, the priority remains the permanent provision of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention at the individual and population level. The results of our analysis represent a valuable platform for health and social policymakers to develop quality national and regional health strategies aimed at eliminating the consequences of alcohol use. Lessons learned from our analysis will be supported by our other geographically oriented analytical lines to link identified and quantified regional disparities in the mortality of alcohol diagnoses to the availabili...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Spatial analysis of alcohol-related mortality in Slovakia.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this analysis provide valuable insights for national and regional health policymakers in the process of preparing high-quality health regional plans, as well as retrospectively assessing the success of existing health policies and interventions in this area. Facts presented in the study justify the need for specialised health care, which is part of the process of building an Integrated Health Care Centre in Slovakia. PMID: 31901192 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

First alcohol treatment institutions in today's Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of the establishment, operation, and dissolution of these facilities at the time reveals the discontinuity in the approach to alcohol abuse and its treatment in the context of the historical development and perception of alcohol-related problems in Czech and Slovak society in the first half of the 20th century. Significant social changes occurred after 1948. New legislative instruments were used to enforce treatment based on a principle that was different from the previous approaches. The results of our study also make it possible to reveal the intensity of apparent individual and institutional mo...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Media portrayal of alcohol does not match its real harm effects in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: Media portrayal of the harms caused by alcohol use does not match up to real harm effects on the society. In terms of public health, it is imperative to strengthen media presentation of the impact of alcohol use on health and social issues. PMID: 31901194 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Incorporation of Universal Prevention Curriculum into established academic degree study programme: qualitative process evaluation.
CONCLUSION: The adaptation of the UPC had a significant impact on study profiles and competencies. Such an implementation necessarily requires a team of staff members with sufficient capacities to be able to coordinate the process, facilitating each step and supervising it. The current adaptation of the UPC involved specific merging procedures to fit in with existing courses and emphasising an international perspective. This process opened a national discussion about the implementation of the UPC in the system of life-long education programmes and training. Beginning in September 2019, when the first group of students will...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research