Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: Position Paper of the Czech Society of Cardiology.
Authors: Cífková R, Krajčoviechová A Abstract Epidemiologic studies consistently report a U-shaped curve relationship between the amount of alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease, with consumption of ≥ three alcoholic drinks being associated with an increased risk. However, the cardioprotective effect of light and moderate alcohol consumption has been recently questioned. In the absence of a randomized trial confirming the cardioprotective effect of light or moderate alcohol consumption, an alternative method to prove the causality is Mendelian randomization using a genetic variant ...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol-related liver diseases.
Authors: Ehrmann J, Urban O, Dvoran P Abstract This educational article/narrative review reflects the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) clinical practice guidelines: management of alcohol-related liver disease. An important change contrasting with the 2012 guidelines is the new terminology of alcohol-related liver diseases. Another important outcome is the strong emphasis on prevention of alcohol use disorder which may be performed at all stages of public health care. PMID: 31901188 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol use and its consequences in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol consumption as well as the prevalence of heavy episodic drinking in the Czech Republic belongs among the highest globally. On the other hand, declines in alcohol use have been recently observed among children and adolescents. Available data on alcohol-related morbidity indicate stable situation, though alcohol-related mortality is increasing. Alcohol-related burden is rather underestimated and evidence-based alcohol policy should be increasingly implemented. PMID: 31901189 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Public health response to methanol mass poisoning in the Czech Republic in 2012: a case study.
CONCLUSION: The analysis and evaluation of procedural activities carried out after the methanol outbreak have laid the foundations for a multidimensional study that can contribute to integrated national policy concepts aimed at preventing these and similar negative health, societal and economic consequences. Six years after the methanol outbreak, national and regional health policies have reflected no findings concerning the experience of patients whose health was impaired due to methanol, and the economic cost of the event has not been calculated. The quality of life of these patients has greatly decreased due to permanen...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Age-gender mortality study on alcohol-induced deaths in Slovakia.
CONCLUSIONS: In such development of the alcohol-related mortality structure, the priority remains the permanent provision of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention at the individual and population level. The results of our analysis represent a valuable platform for health and social policymakers to develop quality national and regional health strategies aimed at eliminating the consequences of alcohol use. Lessons learned from our analysis will be supported by our other geographically oriented analytical lines to link identified and quantified regional disparities in the mortality of alcohol diagnoses to the availabili...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Spatial analysis of alcohol-related mortality in Slovakia.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this analysis provide valuable insights for national and regional health policymakers in the process of preparing high-quality health regional plans, as well as retrospectively assessing the success of existing health policies and interventions in this area. Facts presented in the study justify the need for specialised health care, which is part of the process of building an Integrated Health Care Centre in Slovakia. PMID: 31901192 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

First alcohol treatment institutions in today's Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of the establishment, operation, and dissolution of these facilities at the time reveals the discontinuity in the approach to alcohol abuse and its treatment in the context of the historical development and perception of alcohol-related problems in Czech and Slovak society in the first half of the 20th century. Significant social changes occurred after 1948. New legislative instruments were used to enforce treatment based on a principle that was different from the previous approaches. The results of our study also make it possible to reveal the intensity of apparent individual and institutional mo...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Media portrayal of alcohol does not match its real harm effects in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: Media portrayal of the harms caused by alcohol use does not match up to real harm effects on the society. In terms of public health, it is imperative to strengthen media presentation of the impact of alcohol use on health and social issues. PMID: 31901194 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Incorporation of Universal Prevention Curriculum into established academic degree study programme: qualitative process evaluation.
CONCLUSION: The adaptation of the UPC had a significant impact on study profiles and competencies. Such an implementation necessarily requires a team of staff members with sufficient capacities to be able to coordinate the process, facilitating each step and supervising it. The current adaptation of the UPC involved specific merging procedures to fit in with existing courses and emphasising an international perspective. This process opened a national discussion about the implementation of the UPC in the system of life-long education programmes and training. Beginning in September 2019, when the first group of students will...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

National Addiction-specific Institutional Infrastructure - fundamental prerequisite for successful implementation of specialized academic degree study programmes: a case study in historical perspective.
CONCLUSION: The process of establishing integrated addiction studies programmes at Charles University in the Czech Republic had its origins in, and support from, various national institutions and professional organizations. This allowed the university to develop academic programmes at the bachelor's, master's, and Ph.D. levels. The availability of career opportunities for advanced-level addiction professionals in the Czech Republic was also a critically important factor in developing sustainable academic programmes in addiction studies. Our experience is that the creation of successful and sustainable academic programmes f...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol Use in the Czech Republic – Joint Statement of the Society for Addiction Medicine of the J. E. Purkyně Czech Medical Association and the Czech Society of Cardiology
Alcohol Use in the Czech Republic – Joint Statement of the Society for Addiction Medicine of the J. E. Purkyně Czech Medical Association and the Czech Society of Cardiology Cent Eur J Public Health. 2019 12 31;27(Suppl):S3-S5 Authors: Miovský M, Táborský M, Popov P, Linhart A, Zima T PMID: 31901197 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

FCTC implementation: the role of state or non-government organizations? An example of the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: This paper provides the first national description of organizational capacity and level of involvement in FCTC measures within the Czech Republic. PMID: 31580550 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Cost, prevalence and correlates of cigarillo use in 28 European countries in 2017.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of cigarillos in Europe is associated with several socio-demographic factors such as gender, age and living area. Policy makers of EU countries, especially now under the regulatory framework of the EU Tobacco Products Directive, should work together to enforce more restrictive rules for cigarillos. PMID: 31580551 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Higher prevalence of water pipe compared to cigarette smoking among medical students in Southeast Iran.
CONCLUSION: Tobacco use, especially for WP seems to be at alarming rates among medical students in Iran. It is highly recommended to control the progressive prevalence of WP smoking by governmental/academic preventive measures as educational and smoking cessation activities. PMID: 31580552 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol, drugs and psychotropic medication at work: guidelines for medical fitness.
Authors: Tuček M, Škerjanc A Abstract Alcohol and illicit drug use in the workplace is a relatively widespread but still insufficiently recognised phenomenon. The reliability of judgement and performance of workers especially undertaking safety-critical tasks must not be influenced by physical, mental and/or behavioural disturbances. It is the responsibility of a company to define and implement proper policy for managing safety risks related to the influence of alcohol, drugs and/or psychotropic medication. Occupational physicians are already involved in the process of prevention in these matters. Authors d...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Factors influencing implementation of evidence-based interventions in public health systems - a model.
CONCLUSIONS: Understanding the factors discussed within and amongst the four concepts of this model should ultimately help to positively influence the uptake of evidence into real world public health systems. This model has relevance for decision makers, researchers, knowledge brokers, and implementers. PMID: 31580554 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Immunization related behaviour among healthcare workers in Europe: Results of the HProImmune survey.
CONCLUSION: Although the concept of mandatory vaccination seems to be favoured by many health professionals in Europe, it remains a controversial subject both among HCWs' profession categories and also among different countries. Interventions to increase vaccination among HCWs would benefit by tailoring their approach according to disease and target group. PMID: 31580555 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

State of viral hepatitis care in 16 countries of Central and Eastern European Region.
CONCLUSIONS: There are gaps in viral hepatitis care in CEE. Despite the availability of registered modern drugs for HCV and HBV, the access to treatment is limited. Ensuring quality health care is essential to reduce the epidemic and achieve the WHO's goal of eliminating viral hepatitis as a major public health challenge. PMID: 31580556 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Cross-sectional study on vaccination coverage in newly diagnosed HIV-infected persons in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: Vaccination rates found in our cohort were except tetanus and hepatitis B in young people low, especially for influenza and tick-borne encephalitis. Higher level of education and less advanced HIV infection were associated with higher vaccination rates. To improve this unsatisfactory situation, more attention should be paid to vaccination. PMID: 31580557 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Current status of HIV/AIDS-syphilis co-infections: a retrospective multicentre study.
CONCLUSION: Although HIV/AIDS-syphilis co-infection status appeared high in heterosexuals, MSM had a moderate level increase in cases. Our results suggested syphilis co-infection in HIV/AIDS cases should be integral part of monitoring in a national sexual transmitted diseases surveillance system. However, our data may provide base for HIV/syphilis prevention and treatment efforts in the future. PMID: 31580558 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Late presentation among patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection in Turkey.
CONCLUSION: Current data suggest that half of HIV-infected patients present late in Turkey. In our cohort, those presented late were more elderly, less educated, married and had heterosexual intercourse. On admission, late presenters had more HIV-related diseases and were more likely in higher HIV-RNA category. In the cohort, men having sex with men were less likely late presenters. Efforts to reduce the proportion of late presentation are essential for almost every country. The countries should identify the risk factors of late presentation and should improve early diagnosis and presentation for HIV care. PMID: 315805...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiological study of Lyme disease in Bulgaria.
CONCLUSIONS: Lyme disease is a serious health risk in Bulgaria especially in its northern part - regions on the north are the most vulnerable to a higher incidence of the disease. PMID: 31580560 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of microbiological aerosol concentration in selected healthcare facilities in southern Poland.
CONCLUSIONS: The microbial concentrations varied both between the seasons of the year and between the examined facilities. The highest bioaerosol concentrations were observed in most crowded premises. The identified species of staphylococci, although not typically associated with human infections, are common causal agents of nosocomial infections and infections in immunocompromised people. PMID: 31580561 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Antimicrobial susceptibility among urinary Escherichia coli isolates from female outpatients: age-related differences.
CONCLUSIONS: Empirical choice of antimicrobial agent for community-acquired non-complicated UTIs in women should be individualized on the basis of the patient's age, prevalence of resistance in the local community, and compliance history of the patient. PMID: 31580562 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Dietary fibre as prebiotics in nutrition.
Authors: Hijová E, Bertková I, Štofilová J Abstract Trends in dietary nutrition and their personalization are progress in medical science and point out the necessity of adaptation and development of innovations in health system. The main objective of this article is to review the role of dietary fibre as prebiotics in nutrition with different functionality, its influence on modulation of intestinal microbiota, which has an essential role in maintenance of healthy organisms in people of all ages. PMID: 31580563 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Caries prevalence among schoolchildren in urban and rural Croatia.
CONCLUSION: Schoolchildren from urban and rural areas in Croatia differ significantly in caries prevalence. They fall into the medium DMFT classification group according to the WHO, which indicates the need for a comprehensive oral health preservation programme. PMID: 31580564 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Workplace stress and employees' well-being: Evidence from long-term care in the Czech Republic.
DISCUSSION: The level of imbalance differed among the defined groups. The data obtained verified the known facts about the adverse work situation of professionals in long-term care in the contemporary Czech environment. The outputs correspond to foreign studies and confirm the validity of ERI model on the sample of Czech professionals in the long-term care. PMID: 31241281 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Chronic hepatitis C in the Czech Republic: Forecasting the disease burden.
CONCLUSIONS: Disease burden associated with chronic HCV infection is projected to peak in the Czech Republic in 30-40 years. Assuming that the current portion of DAAs used remains constant, a significant reduction in HCV disease burden is possible through increased diagnosis and treatment through 2030. This analysis provides evidence in order to facilitate the development of national strategies for HCV care and management in the Czech Republic. PMID: 31241282 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

HIV prevalence, knowledge and self-perceived risk of HIV infection among tuberculosis patients in Serbia.
CONCLUSION: HIV prevalence among TB patients is higher than among general population in Serbia. The level of comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS is low. There is a need for continuous implementation of public health strategy to successfully manage HIV and HIV/TB co-infection in Serbia. PMID: 31241283 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Environmental and behavioural head and neck cancer risk factors.
CONCLUSION: The study confirmed previous results that smoking and low education are significantly associated with HNC. Additionally, results pointed to significant HNC and breast cancer risk in HNC patient's families that may have originated from passive smoking or a smoking habit stemming from social environments that support it. Better dissemination programmes regarding smoking risks for children and adults are needed, targeting not only individuals but also families. PMID: 31241284 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Lead contamination of fruit spirits intended for own consumption as a potential overlooked public health issue? A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Lead is a widespread contaminant of fruit spirits prepared for own consumption. Taking into consideration its common occurrence and possible multiplicative effect with ethanol, we can assume that lead can contribute to the occurrence of several alcohol-attributable chronic diseases. Due to the insufficient information in this field, our results provide significant insight into the issue and present an important starting point for further research. PMID: 31241285 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Potential impact of strong tobacco-control policies in 11 newly independent states.
CONCLUSION: The projections show that the NIS countries can expect a large number of smoking-attributable deaths just among those smokers alive today, but large reductions in smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable deaths can be achieved if the WHO FCTC demand reduction policies are implemented. The results can be used as an advocacy tool for accelerating enforcement of tobacco control laws in NIS. PMID: 31241286 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Influenza vaccination in Austria: Persistent resistance and ignorance to influenza prevention and control.
CONCLUSION: Despite the fact that Austria is a country with comprehensive recommendations for influenza vaccination, this vaccination continues to be misjudged by the Austrian population and many areas of the medical system. From a public health point of view, this situation is not acceptable. Efforts must be increased to attain a much higher vaccination rate, e.g. the importance of the healthcare workers' influence must be recognized, the options of social marketing have to be utilized and studies on the main barriers in Austria are urgently needed. PMID: 31241287 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Normal-weight obesity frequency in the Central European urban adult female population of Brno, Czech Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: On a pilot sample of Czech women, we demonstrated that depending on the selected cut-off (there is no clear agreement on cut-off points in literature), up to 14% of the examined women were found to be normal weight obese. PMID: 31241288 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Factors influencing basal metabolism of Czechs of working age from South Moravia.
CONCLUSION: Body fat and age have both an indirect impact on the basal metabolic rate of the Czech population in working age. However, BMI and the total body water were discovered to have a direct influence on the BMR. PMID: 31241289 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Influence of birth cohort, age and period on suicide mortality rate in Turkey, 1983-2013.
CONCLUSION: If the current trends continue, it can be expected that these effects will continue to reduce female mortality and increase male mortality. Future studies on suicide, strongly focused on specific factors attributed to period effects, are needed in Turkey. PMID: 31241290 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Objective and subjective determinants of self-rated health in Central and Eastern Europe: a multilevel approach.
CONCLUSIONS: The study adds to the recent literature on health in CEE by introducing an encompassing systematic approach to analysing health, as no leading cause for self-rated health variation was found. This paper also contributes to research on the determinants of health by fusing objective and subjective determinants in a hierarchical setting. Both subjective and objective determinants matter for health. PMID: 31241291 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiology of rare diseases detected by newborn screening in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: The observed prevalence of RD, based on NBS, corresponds to that expected, more precisely it was higher for BTD and lower for MSUD, IVA, CBSD HCU, MCADD and VLCADD. Early detection of rare diseases by means of NBS is an effective secondary prevention tool. PMID: 31241292 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County is 44.5%. Regular screening to detect diabetic retinopathy is highly recommended as timely intervention can prevent most diabetic causes of blindness. PMID: 31241293 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Polymorphism in sequence of permanent tooth emergence in Czech children.
CONCLUSIONS: The data presented in this article are useful in the prediction of tooth emergence sequence in individual Czech children and are important in paediatric dentistry and in orthodontic treatment. PMID: 31241294 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Cluster of hepatitis C in a family: a twenty-year follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: A thorough epidemiological investigation of the two first generations of this family, the study of their spouses and children, and the twenty years of follow up provided a strong presumption that the infection with HCV had occurred within this family through the promiscuous use of the same inadequately sterilized glass syringe for intramuscular therapies, as was a common practice during the fifties and sixties worldwide and still is in some part of the world. PMID: 31241295 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Patterns of alternative tobacco product experimentation among ever smoker adolescents.
CONCLUSION: Tobacco prevention programmes targeting adolescents should emphasize the risks of using ATPs in addition to manufactured cigarettes. Accessibility of ATPs should be better regulated and restrictions should be strongly enforced in order to prevent potential harmful consequences of adolescent polytobacco use. PMID: 30927390 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - March 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship between physical activity, dietary intake and bone parameters in 10-12 years old Hungarian boys and girls.
Authors: Szmodis M, Bosnyák E, Protzner A, Szőts G, Trájer E, Tóth M Abstract OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) and adequate macro- and micronutrient intake have favourable influence on the bone status. The aim of this study was to analyse the relationships among PA, anthropometric data, dietary intake and ultrasound bone characteristics in children. METHODS: 10-12 years old Hungarian children (N = 123, 59 girls, 64 boys) provided physical activity, diet, anthropometric and bone data. PA was measured with accelerometer (Actigraph GT3X+). Diet was evaluated with three-day, 24-hour food rec...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - March 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Examination of life quality, mental conditions and cognitive status of people over the age of 90: Results of a Hungarian local research.
CONCLUSIONS: Physical and mental activity, personal autonomy, a wide range of activities, and avoiding isolation and solitude allow people to experience quality ageing; all these factors can be substantially influenced by the status acquired at a younger age. We believe that it is extremely important for the society to develop guarantees for active old age, which would ensure the optimal balance between the possibilities of physical and mental health, social participation and safety. PMID: 30927392 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - March 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Socioeconomic status, health related behaviour, and self-rated health of children living in Roma settlements in Hungary.
CONCLUSIONS: Children living in Roma settlements reported poorer socioeconomic conditions, higher consumption of sweets and soft drinks, earlier smoking and alcohol initiation, and worse self-rated health, but with some exceptions do not differ in fruit or vegetable consumption and BMI from general child population. To promote health of children living in Roma settlements, a multi-sector approach, special health education, plus social and health promotion programmes are needed. PMID: 30927393 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - March 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Influence of physical factors of apartments, educational attainment, nationality and unemployment on the number of Cimex lectularius inquiries.
Authors: Trájer AJ, Hammer T, Szigeti Z Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of physical factors of apartments, educational attainment, nationality and unemployment on the number and distribution of bed bug call inquiries in Budapest, Hungary. METHODS: Educational attainment, apartment conditions, the level of unemployment, the ratio of dependent people in the households, nationality and proportion of dependent people were selected as regressors. Monthly ambient temperature values were correlated with monthly call inquiry numbers. RESULTS: Downtown units showed the hig...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - March 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of FABP2 Ala54Thr gene polymorphism on obesity and metabolic syndrome in middle-aged Korean women with abdominal obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show that the FABP2 Ala54Thr polymorphism was associated with central obesity and obesity-related metabolic syndrome among middle-aged Korean women. PMID: 30927395 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - March 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Influenza vaccination prevalence among the elderly and individuals with chronic disease, and factors affecting vaccination uptake.
Authors: Korkmaz P, Paşali Kilit T, Onbaşi K, Mistanoglu Ozatag D, Toka O Abstract OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to evaluate influenza vaccination rates among the elderly and individuals with underlying chronic disease, and factors that affect vaccination uptake. METHODS: The study comprised individuals aged 18-65 years with underlying chronic diseases, and individuals aged over 65 years. Literature-based questionnaires prepared by the researcher regarding vaccination were completed through face-to-face interviews by the principal investigator. RESULTS: A total of 818 participants were included in the study, 257 ...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - March 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

HIV testing among people who inject drugs in Ivanovo and Novosibirsk, Russia.
CONCLUSIONS: HIV testing in Ivanovo and Novosibirsk is suboptimal, resulting in poor knowledge of HIV serostatus. More programmes to promote HIV testing among PWID are urgently needed in both cities. PMID: 30927397 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - March 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

HIV incidence among men who have sex with men at a community-based facility in Greece.
CONCLUSIONS: This analysis shows high rates of HIV conversion among MSM who repeatedly visit a community-based testing site. Ath Checkpoint could contribute to HIV surveillance and identify a high-risk group that could benefit from essential health interventions. PMID: 30927398 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - March 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research