Histological and histochemical characterization of the digestive tract of European catfish (Silurus glanis Linnaeus, 1758).
In this study was to examined the morphology, histology and histochemically the digestive tract of European catfish, Silurus glanis. Two-four age S. glanis obtained from Çelik Lake (Gölbaşı-Adıyaman, Turkey). Six S. glanis, 59-71 cm length, 1.5-3.2 kg weight used for in the investigation. The body cavity was opened and samples of digestive tract (esophagus, stomach and intestine) were fixed in neutral buffered 10% formalin and embedded in paraffin. Dewaxed section (5-6 µm) were deparaffinized and stained with haematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Crossman triple, periodic acid-shiff (PAS), alcian blue ...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Purification and characterization of polyphenol oxidase from corn tassel.
In this study, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) from corn tassel  was extracted and partially purified through  (NH4)2SO4 precipitation and gel filtration chromatography. Optimal temperatures for subsrates catechol and 4-methyl catechol were 40 °C and 30 °C, respectively. The optimal pH values were 8.0 for catechol and 6.0 for 4-methyl catechol. Catechol was the most suitible substrate (Km: 3.48 mM, Vmax: 1.0 Abs./ min.). The moleculer mass of PPO was determined as 158 kDa. In this work, sodium azide, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) were found to inhibit the enzyme act...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

The regulatory effects of autophagy to the CNE2 cells radio-sensitization.
Authors: Li BX, Cao XF, Weng CY, Fang XS, Mao HB, Guan MM, Liu GL Abstract To investigate the effects of autophagy activator and autophagy inhibitor on the CNE2 radiation sensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. RNA interference technology was used to silence the atg5 gene and autophagy inhibition cell model was constructed. Rapamycin and chloroquine were treated respectively on cells with X-ray 5Gy irradiation. Cells' growth status were observed for 8 days and control group was set. The cell viability was detected by MTT assay and colony formation assay, and the cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. Com...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

The effects of mebudipine on myocardial arrhythmia induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury in isolated rat heart.
Authors: Ghiasi R, Mohammadi M, Majidinia M, Yousefi B, Ghiasi A, Badalzadeh R Abstract Reperfusion of the heart after an ischemic insult may lead to potentially lethal arrhythmias and cardimyocyte cell death via apoptosis and necrosis. In addition, previous studies showed that calcium channel blockers may have a protective role in the myocardium against arrhythmia and irreversible tissue injury. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the effects of mebudipine on myocardial arrhythmias and tissue injury induced by ischemia/reperfusion injury in isolated rat hearts. Male Wistar rats (250‑300g) were randoml...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) gene mutations in North Egyptian population: implications for the genetic diagnosis in Egypt.
Authors: El-Seedy A, Pasquet MC, Shafiek H, Morsi T, Kitzis A, Ladevèze V Abstract Cystic fibrosis (CF) occurrence in Arab populations is not common and still remains underidentified. Furthermore, the lack of disease awareness and diagnosis facilities have mislead the identification of cystic fibrosis for decades. The knowledge about cystic fibrosis (CF) in Egypt is very limited, and a few reports have drawn attention to the existence of CF or CFTR-related disorders (CFTR-RDs) in the Egyptian population. Therefore a comprehensive genetic analysis of the CFTR gene was realized in patients of North Egypt. DNA ...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Validation of housekeeping genes for the normalization of RT-qPCR expression studies in oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line treated by 5 kinds of chemotherapy drugs.
This study provides useful information to normalize gene expression accurately for the investigation of target gene profiling in cell lines of OSCC. Further clarification of tumor molecular expression markers with our recommended housekeeping genes may improve the accuracy of diagnosis and estimation of prognostic factors as well as provide novel personalized treatments for OSCC patients. PMID: 28040059 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Oxidative stress and some biochemical parameters during starvation and refeeding in Astacus leptodactylus (Esch., 1823).
This study was conducted to determine the effect of starvation (78 days) and refeeding (33 days) on oxidative stress (malondialdehyde (MDA)),  antioxidants (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px)), arginase (AR) and nitric oxide (NO) in the hepatopancreas, muscle and gills tissues of freshwater crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus). Crayfish were maintained at three experimental groups: control (fed), starved (not fed) crayfish for 78 days and refeeding crayfish for 33 days after 78 days starvation. The biochemical analysis in the tissues were measured at 3, ...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Preservation effect of meat product by natural antioxidant tea polyphenol.
Authors: Wang WD, Sun YE Abstract 1% of tea polyphenol, chitosan solution and potassium sorbate were used as film-forming materials to coat chilled mutton. Total coliforms, TVB-N value and pH value were determined and used as the mutton fresh-keeping indexes. The results showed that after 12th day at the end of the storage, mutton coated with tea polyphenol had best effects comparing chitosan solution and potassium sorbate. pH value of mutton coated by tea polyphenol was 6.0, TVB-N and the total coliforms were both significantly lower than the meat coated by chitosan solution and potassium sorbate. Also, mutton coa...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Influences of dietary omega-3 fatty acids on haematologic and immunologic changes in rainbow trout milked regularly.
In conclusion, the omega-3 fatty acid supplementation at 2% level to the diet can effectively support the haematological and immunological values in the rainbow trout under regular milking conditions, and ultimately protect the health. PMID: 28040062 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Pivotal role of glutathione depletion in eNOS uncoupling of LPS-Treated HUVECs.
Authors: Chen L, Liu E, Cao D, Li S, Xiao C, Xiong M, Kou Q Abstract The present study investigated the relationship between uncoupling of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and vascular endothelial cell (VEC) oxidative stress (OS) during sepsis and the role of eNOS glutathionylation in eNOS uncoupling of septic VECs. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) cultured in vitro (EA.hy269 cell line) were incubated with Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) (normal control group), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (sepsis group), 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) (glutathionylation group), and LPS+ di...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

KLF5 is involved in regulation of IFITM1, 2, and 3 genes during H5N1 virus infection in A549 cells.
In conclusion, we revealed KLF5 is involved in transcription of IFITM1, 2, and 3 thus making it a potential therapeutic activator in the future to treat viral infections through promoting the innate immune response. PMID: 28040064 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Effects of PAX9 and MSX1 gene variants to hypodontia, tooth size and the type of congenitally missing teeth.
In conclusion, especially new mutations which may cause hypodontia, effect tooth size and type of congenitally missing teeth, should be investigated with other researchers for clarifying the mechanism. PMID: 28040065 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Effects of ambroxol hydrochloride on concentrations of paclitaxel and carboplatin in lung cancer patients at different administration times.
In this study, 470 cases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were divided into different groups with ambroxol hydrochloride administered at different time points prior to chemotherapy, while another 171 cases received no ambroxol hydrochloride prior to chemotherapy. The results showed the concentrations of paclitaxel and carboplatin in sputum of patients treated with ambroxol hydrochloride were significantly higher than those of the control group, suggesting that ambroxol hydrochloride significantly increased the local concentrations of chemotherapeutic agents in lung tissues of NSCLC. Furthermore, the intravenous admini...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Type 2 diabetes and mental disorders; a plausible link with inflammation.
Authors: Hajebrahimi B, Kiamanesh A, Asgharnejad Farid AA, Asadikaram G Abstract Mental disorders including depression and anxiety are the prevalent human diseases which are associated with several metabolic and non-metabolic diseases. Recent investigations demonstrated that the mental disorders can be considered as the potential inducers/stimulators of chronic inflammation. Based on the fact that chronic inflammation is a main cause of human diseases, hence, a hypothesis has been raised to explore the interaction between mental disorders and inflammation related metabolic diseases. Type 2 diabetes (T2D), as a comp...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Association between alpha-adducin gene rs4963 polymorphism and hypertension risk in Asian population: a meta-analysis.
In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggested that ADD1 rs4963 polymorphism might be associated with increased hypertension risk. PMID: 28040068 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - January 4, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

The effect of the ginger on the apoptosis of hippochampal cells according to the expression of BAX and Cyclin D1 genes and histological characteristics of brain in streptozotocin male diabetic rats.
Authors: Molahosseini A, Taghavi MM, Taghipour Z, Shabanizadeh A, Fatehi F, Kazemi Arababadi M, Eftekhar Vaghefe SH Abstract Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder in humans with multiple complications including nervous system damages. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of ginger extract on apoptosis of the neurons of hippocampus, via evaluation of BAX and Cyclin D1 and also histological analysis, in male diabetic rats. In this experimental study, 60 Wistar rats (220 ± 30gr) were conducted in 5 groups as follow: diabetic group treated with saline (group 1), normal group treated ...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Differences of cell surface marker expression between bone marrow- and kidney-derived murine mesenchymal stromal cells and fibroblasts.
This study demonstrates that murine MSC isolated from different organs express certain specific markers, which enable their discrimination. PMID: 27894394 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Relationship between hepatitis B virus reverse transcriptase 181 mutation and S gene mutation in hepatitis B virus chronically infected patients.
In conclusion, mutation sites of pre-existing and adefovir dipivoxil induced resistance were different. HBV genotype C is prone to occur resistance mutation than genotype B. rtA181T mutation was accompanied with not only sW172 * mutation, but also sW172L mutation, rtA181V mutation was accompanied with sL173F mutation or Pre-S2 initiation codon to termination mutation. PMID: 27894395 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Ellagic acid ameliorates cuprizone-induced acute CNS inflammation via restriction of microgliosis and down-regulation of CCL2 and CCL3 pro-inflammatory chemokines.
In this study, neuro-protective effects of EA on cuprizone (Cup)-induced acute CNS inflammation evaluated. C57BL/6J mice were fed with chow containing 0.2 % Cup for 3 weeks to induce acute neuro-inflammation predominantly in the corpus callosum (CC). EA was administered at different doses (40 or 80 mg/kg body weight/day/i.p) from the first day of the Cup diet. Microglia activation (microgliosis) and expression of microglia related chemokines during Cup challenge were examined. Results shows that EA significantly decreased the number of activated microglia cells (Iba-1+ cells) and also restricted proliferation of these cell...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Isolation and identification of culturable halophilic bacteria with producing hydrolytic enzyme from Incheh Broun hypersaline wetland in Iran.
Authors: Zarparvar P, Amoozegar MA, Babavalian H, Reza Fallahian M, Tebyanian H, Shakeri F Abstract Incheh Broun hypersaline wetland is located near the border of Turkmenistan in thenorth of Iran. This wetland is notable because of salinity (280g/l) and alteration in pH range (2.8 to 6.8). Eastern part of wetland is affected by wastewater of iodine extraction factory.  Samples were taken from soil, water and salt. Totally, 400 bacterial strains were isolated of which 194 strains were Gram-positive bacilli, 184 strains were Gram-negative rod and 22 strains were Gram-positive cocci. According to phylogenetic ana...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

miR-488 determines coat pigmentation by down-regulating the pigment-producing gene pro-opiomelanocortin.
This study aimed to determine whether miR-488 could affect coat color by regulating POMC and to explore the regulatory roles of miR-488 on coat color in mammals. A dual fluorescence report vector containing the 3'-UTR of POMC was built to determine whether miR-488 could post-transcriptionally regulate POMC expression. Then, a eukaryotic vector expressing miR-488 was built and transfected into mouse keratinocytes to confirm the regulatory mechanism in vitro. Compared with gray mice, the expression of POMC mRNA was 3.36-fold higher in black mice and 1.29-fold higher in brown mice. The results showed that miR-488 could contro...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Effect of iguratimod and methotrexate on RANKL and OPG expression in serum and IL-1 β-induced fibroblast-like synoviocytes from patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
The objective of this study is to explore the effects of iguratimod, a small-molecule disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD), alone or in combination with methotrexate (MTX), on RANKL and OPG expression in RA. We performed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to investigate the modulatory effects of iguratimod, MTX, or their combination on serum RANKL and OPG levels of patients with RA before and after treatment for 12 and 24 weeks. Furthermore, fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from patients with RA were interleukin (IL)-1β-stimulated and then treated with different concentrations of iguratimod, MTX, o...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Genetic diversity of the Dwarf honeybee (Apis florea Fabricius, 1787) populations based on microsatellite markers.
Authors: Asadi N, Rahimi A, Ghaheri M, Kahrizi D, Bagheri Dehbaghi M, Khederzadeh S, Banabazi MH, Esmaeilkhanian S, Veisi B, Geravandi M, Karim H, Vaziri S, Daneshgar F, Zargooshi J Abstract Apis florea is one of two species of small, wild honeybee. The present study was conducted to evaluate the genetic diversity of Apis florea honeybee from 48 nests (colonies) using microsatellite markers in the South of Iran. All honeybee samples were analyzed for six microsatellite loci (A88, A107, A7, B124, A113 and A35). The six loci had different numbers of alleles in the sampled colonies ranging from 7 (loci A107) to 3 (loc...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Association between the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 mutations and the susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus; Contribution markers of inflammation and oxidative stress.
In conclusion, our findings showed, that there is an association between systemic inflammatory markers, oxidative stress and the CTLA-4 G-1661A GG+AG genotypes, MDA and neopterin which are the most conventional risk factors for coronary heart disease, therefore these mutations may be consider as a risk factor for susceptibility to heart disease in SLE patients. PMID: 27894401 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

HSP90 inhibitor enhances anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects of celecoxib on HT-29 colorectal cancer cells via increasing BAX/BCL-2 ratio.
In conclusion, 17-AAG, increased inhibitory effects of celecoxib on HT-29 cells, probably by induction of apoptosis. PMID: 27894402 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Conditioned medium from neural stem cells inhibits glioma cell growth.
Authors: Li Z, Zhong Q, Liu H, Liu P, Wu J, Ma D, Chen X, Yang X Abstract Malignant glioma is one of the most common brain tumors in the central nervous system. Although the significant progress has been made in recent years, the mortality is still high and 5-year survival rate is still very low. One of the leading causes to the high mortality for glioma patients is metastasis and invasion. An efficient method to control the tumor metastasis is a promising way to treat the glioma. Previous reports indicated that neural stem cells (NSCs) were served as a delivery vector to the anti-glioma therapy. Here, we used the ...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Streptozotocin induces neurite outgrowth via PI3K-Akt and glycogen synthase kinase 3 β in Neuro2a cells.
In this study, we examined the effect of STZ on neurite outgrowth in mouse neuronal Neuro2a cells. STZ (0.01 mM~5 mM) exerted remarkable neurite outgrowth-inducing activity in Neuro2a cells in a concentration dependent manner. STZ also had the same neurite outgrowth-inducing activity as that of retinoic acid (RA), which is well known neurite outgrowth inducer. As with the result of RA treatment, STZ administration increased MAP2-positive cells. The MAP2-positive cells reflect neurite outgrowth-induced cells. STZ (0.01 mM~5 mM) did not induce cell death, but significantly decreased cell proliferation. The serine/threonine k...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Inhibition of matrix metalloproteins 9 attenuated Candida albicans induced inflammation in mouse cornea.
In this study, Candida albicans (CA) inoculated wild-type KM mice cornea was used as a model pathogen in corneal inflammation.  CA invasion significantly stimulated the expression of collagen IV and MMP9 detected by RT-PCR, Real-time PCR and Immunofluorescent staining in mouse cornea as soon as 6 hours post infection, and relatively decreased at 1 day post infection. For examining the role of MMP9 in fungal keratitis, the mice corneas were subconjunctivally injected MMP9 antibody or recombinant MMP9 protein 6 hours prior to CA inoculation, using rabbit IgG as control. Subconjunctival injection of recombinant MMP9 prot...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Vincristine promotes migration and invasion of colorectal cancer HCT116 cells through RhoA/ROCK/ Myosin light chain pathway.
In this study, we investigated the impact of vincristine on oncogenic phenotypes of human colorectal cancer HCT116 cells. MTT assay demonstrated that vincristine showed a obviously inhibitory effect on cell growth compared to non-treated cells. However, Transwell assay showed that vincristine promoted migration and invasion of HCT116 cells in vitro in a concentration-dependent manner between 0.5 and 15 μM vincristine treatment, whereas cell growth showed no remarkable difference within the same concentration range. Additionally, Western blot analysis showed that vincristine significantly elevated RhoA activity and Myosi...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

MiRNA-378 controls cell proliferation in rabbit umbilical cord mesenymal stem cells.
In conclusion, our research shows that the microRNA-378 promoted the cell proliferation of rabbit umbilical cord mesenymal stem cells, and this mechanism was miRNA-378 reduced the expression of Sufu, increased cell proliferation. PMID: 27894407 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Body girdle reduced fat deposition and altered other body parameters in rats.
This study showed that a body girdle can significantly reduce fat deposition and alter other body parameters in rats. PMID: 27894408 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

The effects of mitochondrial DNA deletion and copy number variations on different exercise intensities in highly trained swimmers.
Authors: Baykara O, Sahin SK, Akbas F, Guven M, Onaran I Abstract It has been suggested that heavy exercise might increase oxidative stress, causing mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations as well as DNA mutations and changes in the mtDNA copy number in cells. mtDNA4977 deletion is one of the most common deletions seen on mitochondria. We hypothesize association between exercise induced oxidative stress and mtDNA damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) of highly trained swimmers. Therefore we studied the mtDNA4977 deletion level, mtDNA copy number and their relationship with cellular ATP and oxidative stress stat...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Association of HFE gene mutations with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in the Iranian population.
Authors: Saremi L, Lotfipanah S, Mohammadi M, Hosseinzadeh H, Sayad A, Saltanatpour Z Abstract To determine whether the HFE gene variants H63D and C282Y are associated with NAFLD in persons with type 2 diabetes, we conducted a case-control study including 145 case of NAFLD patients with a history of type 2 diabetes and 145 matching control. The genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral venous blood and the genotyping of HFE gene mutations was analyzed using the PCR-RFLP technique. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 12.0 software by χ2 test, t test and ANOVA (P<0.05). Data showed no increas...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Allele specific-PCR and melting curve analysis showed relatively high frequency of β-casein gene A1 allele in Iranian Holstein, Simmental and native cows.
Allele specific-PCR and melting curve analysis showed relatively high frequency of β-casein gene A1 allele in Iranian Holstein, Simmental and native cows. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2016 Oct 31;62(12):138-143 Authors: Gholami M, Hafezian SH, Rahimi G, Farhadi A, Rahimi Z, Kahrizi D, Kiani S, Karim H, Vaziri S, Muhammadi S, Veisi F, Ghadiri K, Shetabi H, Zargooshi J Abstract There are two allelic forms of A1 and A2 of β-casein gene in dairy cattle. Proteolytic digestion of bovine β-casein A1 type produces bioactive peptide of β-casomorphin-7 known as milk devil. β-casomorph...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

The most common genes involved in epigenetics modifications among Iranian patients with breast cancer: A systematic review.
Authors: Iranshahi N, Zafari P, Yari KH, Alizadeh E Abstract Breast cancer, with a lifelong risk of one in nine, is the most common cancer among women. In Iran, breast cancer is one of the growing and important women's health problems. Several environmental, genetic and epigenetics factors have been suggested to have a role in breast cancer development. Epigenetics alterations are heritable changes in gene expression that occur without causing any change in DNA sequence. DNA methylation as a main epigenetics modification in human cancer is found as a promising biomarker in early detection of breast cancer. Ass...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Targeting of BCR-ABL: Lessons learned from BCR-ABL inhibition.
Authors: Lin X, Qureshi MZ, Attar R, Khalid S, Tahir F, Yaqub A, Aslam A, Yaylim I, De Carlos Back LK, Farooqi AA, Ismail M Abstract In 1960 researchers reported that balanced translocation between chromosomes 22 and 9 resulted in the generation of Philadelphia chromosome. This breakthrough revolutionized our knowledge related to leukemia biology and contemporary studies revealed that chromosomal translocation resulted in the fusion between the 5' segment of BCR gene and 3' segment of the ABL gene to form BCR/ABL fusion gene. Research over the years has progressively and systematically improved our understanding of...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

ANRIL rs2383207 polymorphism and coronary artery disease (CAD) risk: a meta-analysis with observational studies.
In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggested that ANRIL rs2383207 polymorphism is associated with CAD risk. PMID: 27894414 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 polymorphisms, K469E and G261R and susceptibility to vasculitis and rheumatoid arthritis: a meta-analysis.
Authors: Lee YH, Bae SC Abstract The aim of this study was to determine whether intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to vasculitis or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Meta-analyses were performed to assess the associations between K469E and G241R polymorphisms of ICAM-1 and vasculitis or RA. A total of 12 studies on 1,368 patients and 1,922 controls, which comprised 8 vasculitis studies and 4 RA studies, were included in the meta-analysis. We found no significant association between vasculitis and K469E E allele among the various subjects (OR = 1.238, 95% CI = 0.9781...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 1, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Extracts of Scrophularia frigida Boiss display potent antitumor effects in human breast cancer cells by inducing apoptosis and inhibition of expression of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the growth inhibitory activity of Scrophularia frigida Boiss extracts as well as to study the effect of the potent extracts on the induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest on human breast cancer cells. S. frigida Boiss extracts exhibited obvious inhibitory effects on the growth of cancer cells and induced apoptosis. It is suggested that the extracts exert their anti-proliferative effect through multiple implications such as suppressing growth, arresting the cell cycle, increased DNA fragmentation, downregulation of the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 an...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Cytotoxic effects of Urtica dioica radix on human colon (HT29) and gastric (MKN45) cancer cells mediated through oxidative and apoptotic mechanisms.
In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that U. dioica inhibited proliferation of gastric and colorectal cancer cells while posing no significant toxic effect on normal cells. U. dioica not only increased levels of oxidants, but also induced concomitant increase of apoptosis. The precise signaling pathway by which U. dioica induce apoptosis needs further research. PMID: 27755943 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Natriuretic peptides and their therapeutic potential in heart failure treatment: An updated review.
Authors: Namdari M, Eatemadi A, Negahdari B Abstract Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), also known as a B-type natriuretic peptide, is one of the important biomarkers with a proven role in the diagnosis of congestive heart failure (CHF). Researchers from the different clinical field have researched into the performance features of BNP testing in the acute care set-up to assist and improve in diagnosing CHF and in predicting future morbidity and mortality rates. The potency of BNP has also been researched into in cases like myocardial ischemia and infarction, cor pulmonale, and acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Based on ...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Molecular and agro-morphological genetic diversity assessment of Chickpea mutants induced via ethyl methane sulfonate.
In this study, derived genetic variation among 94 chickpea (Bivanij cultivar) mutant lines produced by Ethyl Methane Sulfonate (EMS) were assessed based on ISSR, RAPD markers in M4 and morpho-agronomic traits in M3 generation. The induced variation via EMS in field experiment, showed significant differences among mutant lines based on almost measured traits. In overall, banding patterns of 6 ISSR primers and 8 RAPD primers revealed 21 (50%) and 24 (42.25%) polymorphic bands, respectively. The ranges of similarity coefficient in ISSR and RAPD markers were 0.62-1.00 and 0.72-1.00, respectively. Specific grouping was carried ...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

TCF7L2 and CCND1 polymorphisms and its association with colorectal cancer in Mexican patients.
Authors: Rosales-Reynoso MA, Arredondo-Valdez AR, Juárez-Vázquez CI, Wence-Chavez LI, Barros-Núñez P, Gallegos-Arreola MP, Flores-Martínez SE, Morán-Moguel MC, Sánchez-Corona J Abstract Accumulative evidence suggests that alterations due to mutations or genetic polymorphisms in the TCF7L2 and CCND1 genes, which are components of the Wnt signaling pathway, contributes to carcinogenesis. The present study was designated to clarify whether common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the transcription factor 7- like 2 (TCF7L2) and cyclin D1 (CCND1) genes are associa...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Association between glutathione S-transferase M1, P1, and NFKB1 polymorphisms and systemic lupus erythematosus susceptibility: a meta-analysis.
This study aimed to determine whether Glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1), P1 (GSTT1), NFKB1 polymorphisms confer susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We performed a meta-analysis on the associations between GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes, and NFKB1 -94 ins/delATTG polymorphisms and SLE. In total, seven studies were considered for this meta-analysis, which comprised 2,119 SLE patients and 3,014 healthy controls. Meta-analysis of the GSTM1 null polymorphism in 869 SLE and 1,544 control subjects revealed an association between SLE and the GSTM1 null genotype (OR = 1.321, 95% CI = 1.103-1.583, p = 0.002). St...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Knockdown of protein phosphatase 5 (PPP5C) suppresses the growth of leukemic cell line U937.
In conclusions, PPP5C knockdown inhibits U937 cell proliferation and might be used as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of leukemia. PMID: 27755948 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology)
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of apoptosis biomarkers in severe sepsis-A pilot study.
Authors: Chu CM, Kao KC, Huang SH, Chuang DY, Wu HP Abstract Severe sepsis is associated with significant mortality and massive immune cell lose, or apoptosis. It is unclear whether plasma apoptosis biomarkers could be used as a diagnostic test for severe sepsis. Forty patients with severe sepsis and 35 healthy controls were enrolled. The percentage and apoptosis of monocytes and lymphocytes were detected by flow cytometric analysis. Plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, soluble TNF receptor (sTNFR), soluble Fas (sFas), Fas ligand (FasL), caspase-1, and procalcitonin (PCT) were measured. Plasma casp...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Matrine alleviates early brain injury after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats: possible involvement of PI3K/Akt-mediated NF- κB inhibition and Keap1/Nrf2-dependent HO-1 inductionn.
In this study, we investigated the effects of matrine on early brain injury (EBI) and the related potential mechanisms following SAH in rats. Our results showed that matrine pretreatment partially alleviated SAH-induced EBI, including neurological deficit, severity of SAH grade, brain edema, and blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption in rats. In addition, SAH procedure induced BBB disruption with concomitant upregulation of MMP-9 expression and downregulation of tight junction proteins expression of BBB, namely, ZO-1 and occludin, which was partially reversed by matrine pretreatment. Matrine also reduced the increased levels...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Construction of recombinant adenovirus Ad-rat PLC γ2 and its effects on apoptosis of rat liver cell BRL-3A in vitro.
Construction of recombinant adenovirus Ad-rat PLCγ2 and its effects on apoptosis of rat liver cell BRL-3A in vitro. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2016 Sep 30;62(11):45-50 Authors: Chen X, Lv Q, Liu Y, Deng W Abstract Although the role of PLCγ2 in apoptotic response has been reported, too little is known about whether PLCγ2 induces liver cell apoptosis during liver regeneration. Therefore, this study firstly packaged Ad-PLCγ2 recombinant adenovirus and primarily evaluated its effect on apoptosis of rat liver cell BRL-3A in vitro. Following ten days of co-transfection of pHBAd-M...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Antioxidant status and sex hormones in women with complex endometrial hyperplasia.
We examined the influence of gonadotropins (follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormone) and sex hormones (estradiol, progesterone) on oxidant/antioxidant parameters in blood and endometrial tissue of women with complex endometrial hyperplasia. In blood, superoxide dismutase activity was significantly higher in luteal phase and postmenopause compared to the follicular phase. A significant phase-related difference of glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase activity was recorded in the endometrium. Both enzymes had lower activity in luteal phase and postmenopause compared to the follicular phase. The linear regress...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Profiling analysis of FOX gene family members identified FOXE1 as potential regulator of NSCLC development.
Authors: Ji GH, Cui Y, Yu H, Cui XB Abstract Lung cancer is one of the most malignant tumors worldwide with a high mortality rate, which has not been improved since several decades ago. FOX gene family members have been reported to play extensive roles in regulating many biological processes and disorders. In order to clarify the contribution of FOX gene family members in lung cancer biology, we performed expression profiling analysis of FOX gene family members from FOXA to FOXR in lung cancer cell lines and tissue specimens by Real-time PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis. We found that FOXE1 was t...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - October 20, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research