Highlighting Prosocial Affordances of Science in Textbooks to Promote Science Interest.
Abstract The prevalent stereotype that scientific fields do not afford opportunities to fulfill goals of helping others deters student interest and participation in science. We investigated whether introductory college science textbooks that highlight the prosocial utility value of science can be used to change beliefs about the affordances of scientific work. In study 1, undergraduate students who were randomly assigned to read a science textbook chapter with added prosocial utility value expressed greater beliefs that the science topic afforded prosocial goals and increased interest in the scientific topic, comp...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - June 20, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Zambrano J, Lee GA, Leal CC, Thoman DB Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

A Hierarchical Mentoring Program Increases Confidence and Effectiveness in Data Analysis and Interpretation for Undergraduate Biology Students.
Abstract Science instructors are increasingly incorporating teaching techniques that help students develop core competencies such as critical-thinking and communication skills. These core competencies are pillars of career readiness that prepare undergraduate students to successfully transition to continuing education or the workplace, whatever the field. Course-based undergraduate research experiences that culminate in written research papers can be effective at developing critical-thinking and communication skills but are challenging to implement as class size (and student-to-instructor ratio) grows. We develope...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - June 20, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Sorte CJB, Aguilar-Roca NM, Henry AK, Pratt JD Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

"How Well Does Your Structural Equation Model Fit Your Data?": Is Marcoulides and Yuan's Equivalence Test the Answer?
"How Well Does Your Structural Equation Model Fit Your Data?": Is Marcoulides and Yuan's Equivalence Test the Answer? CBE Life Sci Educ. 2020 Sep;19(3):es5 Authors: Peugh J, Feldon DF Abstract Structural equation modeling is an ideal data analytical tool for testing complex relationships among many analytical variables. It can simultaneously test multiple mediating and moderating relationships, estimate latent variables on the basis of related measures, and address practical issues such as nonnormality and missing data. To test the extent to which a hypothesized model provides an appropriate...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - June 10, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Peugh J, Feldon DF Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

The Academic Career Readiness Assessment: Clarifying Hiring and Training Expectations for Future Biomedical Life Sciences Faculty.
We report here the results of interviews with faculty at 20 U.S. institutions that resulted in the identification of 14 qualifications and levels of achievement required for obtaining a faculty position at three groups of institutions: research intensive (R), teaching only (T), and research and teaching focused (RT). T institutions hire candidates based on teaching experience and pedagogical practices and ability to serve diverse student populations. RT institutions hire faculty on both research- and teaching-related qualifications, as well as on the ability to support students in the laboratory. R institutions hire candid...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 28, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Clement L, Dorman JB, McGee R Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

"Accepting Evolution Means You Can't Believe in God": Atheistic Perceptions of Evolution among College Biology Students.
"Accepting Evolution Means You Can't Believe in God": Atheistic Perceptions of Evolution among College Biology Students. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2020 Jun;19(2):ar21 Authors: Barnes ME, Dunlop HM, Sinatra GM, Hendrix TM, Zheng Y, Brownell SE Abstract Although many scientists agree that evolution does not make claims about God/god(s), students might assume that evolution is atheistic, and this may lead to lower evolution acceptance. In study 1, we surveyed 1081 college biology students at one university about their religiosity and evolution acceptance and asked what religious ideas someone would ha...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 28, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Barnes ME, Dunlop HM, Sinatra GM, Hendrix TM, Zheng Y, Brownell SE Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Scientific Societies Fostering Inclusive Scientific Environments through Travel Awards: Current Practices and Recommendations.
Abstract Diversity-focused committees continue to play essential roles in the efforts of professional scientific societies to foster inclusion and facilitate the professional development of underrepresented minority (URM) young scientists in their respective scientific disciplines. Until recently, the efforts of these committees have remained independent and disconnected from one another. Funding from the National Science Foundation has allowed several of these committees to come together and form the Alliance to Catalyze Change for Equity in STEM Success, herein referred to as ACCESS. The overall goal of this met...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 28, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Segarra VA, Vega LR, Primus C, Etson C, Guillory AN, Edwards A, Flores SC, Fry C, Ingram SL, Lawson M, McGee R, Paxson S, Phelan L, Suggs K, Vuong E, Hammonds-Odie L, Leibowitz MJ, Zavala M, Lujan JL, Ramirez-Alvarado M Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Student Participation in an Active-Learning Classroom.
Abstract Overwhelming evidence demonstrating the benefits of active-learning pedagogy has led to a shift in teaching that requires students to interact more in the classroom. To date, few studies have assessed whether there are gender-specific differences in participation in active-learning science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses, and fewer have looked across different types of classroom participation. Over two semesters, we observed an introductory biology course at a large research-intensive university and categorized student participation into seven distinct categories to identify gende...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 28, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Aguillon SM, Siegmund GF, Petipas RH, Drake AG, Cotner S, Ballen CJ Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Communicating Complex STEM Program Evaluation to Diverse Stakeholders.
Abstract Visual representations, such as pathway models, are increasingly being used to both communicate higher education science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education program evaluation plans as well as accurately represent complex programs and the systems within which the educational programs reside. However, these representations can be overwhelming to audiences that are not familiar with the program's structure or engaged in the evaluation process. The goal of this methods essay is to help both evaluators and discipline-based education researchers improve communication about program evalua...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 28, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Reeves PM, Bobrownicki A, Bauer M, Graham MJ Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Fear of Negative Evaluation and Student Anxiety in Community College Active-Learning Science Courses.
In this study, we interviewed 29 students enrolled across nine community colleges in the southwestern United States to probe factors that increase and decrease their anxiety in active-learning science courses. Using inductive coding, we identified a set of common factors that affect community college student anxiety in active learning. We found that community college student anxiety decreased when students perceived that active-learning activities enhanced their learning by providing them with multiple ways of learning or the opportunity to learn from others. We also identified fear of negative evaluation as the primary co...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 28, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Downing VR, Cooper KM, Cala JM, Gin LE, Brownell SE Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

The Tyranny of Content: "Content Coverage" as a Barrier to Evidence-Based Teaching Approaches and Ways to Overcome It.
The Tyranny of Content: "Content Coverage" as a Barrier to Evidence-Based Teaching Approaches and Ways to Overcome It. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2020 Jun;19(2):ar17 Authors: Petersen CI, Baepler P, Beitz A, Ching P, Gorman KS, Neudauer CL, Rozaitis W, Walker JD, Wingert D Abstract Instructors have inherited a model for conscientious instruction that suggests they must cover all the material outlined in their syllabus, and yet this model frequently diverts time away from allowing students to engage meaningfully with the content during class. We outline the historical forces that may have conditioned...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 17, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Petersen CI, Baepler P, Beitz A, Ching P, Gorman KS, Neudauer CL, Rozaitis W, Walker JD, Wingert D Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Entering Research Learning Assessment (ERLA): Validity Evidence for an Instrument to Measure Undergraduate and Graduate Research Trainee Development.
Abstract Expanding the scope of previous undergraduate research assessment tools, the Entering Research Learning Assessment (ERLA) measures undergraduate and graduate research trainee learning gains in the seven areas of trainee development in the evidence-based Entering Research conceptual framework: Research Comprehension and Communication Skills, Practical Research Skills, Research Ethics, Researcher Identity, Researcher Confidence and Independence, Equity and Inclusion Awareness and Skills, and Professional and Career Development Skills. In this paper, we present multiple sources of validity evidence for the E...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 17, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Butz AR, Branchaw JL Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

An Exploratory Study of Students with Depression in Undergraduate Research Experiences.
In this study, we sought to understand how undergraduates' symptoms of depression affect their research experiences and how research affects undergraduates' feelings of depression. We interviewed 35 undergraduate researchers majoring in the life sciences from 12 research-intensive public universities across the United States who identify with having depression. Using inductive and deductive coding, we identified that students' depression affected their motivation and productivity, creativity and risk-taking, engagement and concentration, and self-perception and socializing in undergraduate research experiences. We found th...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 17, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Cooper KM, Gin LE, Barnes ME, Brownell SE Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Undergraduate Biology Education Research Gordon Research Conference: A Meeting Report.
This report provides a broad overview of the UBER GRC and GRS and highlights major themes that cut across invited talks, poster presentations, and informal discussions. Such themes include the importance of working in teams at multiple levels to achieve instructional improvement, the potential to use big data and analytics to inform instructional change, the need to customize change initiatives, and the importance of psychosocial supports in improving undergraduate student well-being and academic success. The report also discusses the future of the UBER GRC as an established meeting and describes aspects of the conference ...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 2, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Dolan EL, Borrero M, Callis-Duehl K, Musgrove MMC, de Lima J, Ero-Tolliver I, Gerhart LM, Goodwin EC, Hamilton LR, Henry MA, Herrera J, Huot B, Kiser S, Ko ME, Kravec ME, Lee M, Limeri LB, Peffer ME, Pires D, Lugo JSR, Sharp SM, Suarez NA Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Positive Impact of Multiple-Choice Question Authoring and Regular Quiz Participation on Student Learning.
Abstract We previously developed an online multiple-choice question authoring, learning, and self-assessment tool that we termed Quizzical. Here we report statistical analyses over two consecutive years of Quizzical use in a large sophomore-level introductory molecular biology course. Students were required to author two questions during the term and were also afforded opportunities to earn marks for quiz participation. We found that students whose final grade was "A," "B," or "C" exhibited similar patterns of Quizzical engagement. The degree to which students participated was positiv...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 2, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Riggs CD, Kang S, Rennie O Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Resources for Teaching and Assessing the Vision and Change Biology Core Concepts.
Abstract The Vision and Change report called for the biology community to mobilize around teaching the core concepts of biology. This essay describes a collection of resources developed by several different groups that can be used to respond to the report's call to transform undergraduate education at both the individual course and departmental levels. First, we present two frameworks that help articulate the Vision and Change core concepts, the BioCore Guide and the Conceptual Elements (CE) Framework, which can be used in mapping the core concepts onto existing curricula and designing new curricula that teach the...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 2, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Branchaw JL, Pape-Lindstrom PA, Tanner KD, Bissonnette SA, Cary TL, Couch BA, Crowe AJ, Knight JK, Semsar K, Smith JI, Smith MK, Summers MM, Wienhold CJ, Wright CD, Brownell SE Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Diving into the Details: Constructing a Framework of Random Call Components.
Abstract Random call is a randomized approach to select a student or group of students to share their thinking with the whole class. There are potential costs and benefits of random call in undergraduate courses, yet we lack insight about how this strategy is actually implemented and why instructors choose to use it. We interviewed 12 college biology instructors who use random call in courses with 50 or more students. Qualitative content analysis revealed why these instructors chose to use random call, the specific ways they implemented random call, and the reasoning behind their implementation. Instructors used r...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 2, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Waugh AH, Andrews TC Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Signaling Inclusivity in Undergraduate Biology Courses through Deliberate Framing of Genetics Topics Relevant to Gender Identity, Disability, and Race.
Abstract The study of genetics centers on how encoded information in DNA underlies similarities and differences between individuals and how traits are inherited. Genetics topics covered in a wide variety of undergraduate biology classrooms can relate to various identities held by students such as gender identity, disability, and race/ethnicity, among others. An instructor's sensitive approaches and deliberate language choices regarding these topics has the potential to make the critical difference between welcoming or alienating students and can set a tone that communicates to all students the importance of divers...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 2, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Hales KG Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Developing the DELTA: Capturing Cultural Changes in Undergraduate Departments.
We describe the survey's development and validation and provide suggestions for its utility for researchers and practitioners. PMID: 32357098 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 2, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Ngai C, Pilgrim ME, Reinholz DL, Corbo JC, Quan GM Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Recent Research on Students' Identities: Advancing Theory and Practice to Disrupt Inequities.
Abstract Students' identities shape and are shaped by learning experiences inside and outside classrooms. Three recent papers present theoretical frameworks for understanding the complex dynamics of identity development with implications for equity in science and mathematics education. PMID: 32357099 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 2, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Gouvea J Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Uncovering Factors Influencing Instructors' Decision Process when Considering Implementation of a Course-Based Research Experience.
ack C Abstract Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) are an effective way to expose large numbers of students to authentic research, yet most laboratory courses still use traditional "cookbook" methods. While barriers to using CUREs have been captured postimplementation, little is known about the decision mindset before implementation or what features of CURE design may mitigate perceived barriers. Perception of an innovation (such as a CURE) influences the likelihood of its adoption, and diffusion of innovations theory posits that the decision to adopt is largely influenced by five per...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 2, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Genné-Bacon EA, Wilks J, Bascom-Slack C Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Crossing Boundaries: Steps Toward Measuring Undergraduates' Interdisciplinary Science Understanding.
Abstract A desired outcome of education reform efforts is for undergraduates to effectively integrate knowledge across disciplines in order to evaluate and address real-world issues. Yet there are few assessments designed to measure if and how students think interdisciplinarily. Here, a sample of science faculty were surveyed to understand how they currently assess students' interdisciplinary science understanding. Results indicate that individual writing-intensive activities are the most frequently used assessment type (69%). To understand how writing assignments can accurately assess students' ability to think i...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - March 1, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Tripp B, Voronoff SA, Shortlidge EE Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Second Edition of Entering Research: A Customizable Curriculum for Apprentice-Style Undergraduate and Graduate Research Training Programs and Courses.
Abstract The second edition of Entering Research (ER) is a collection of customizable active-learning activities, resources, and assessment and evaluation tools for use in undergraduate and graduate research training programs and courses. Results from two design and development research studies examining the effectiveness of the second edition of the ER curriculum and a 2-day ER facilitator training workshop are reported. Pilot testing of the second edition of the curriculum at 20 sites across the country (42 unique implementations) with 78 facilitators and 565 undergraduate and graduate research trainees provides...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - March 1, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Branchaw JL, Butz AR, Smith AR Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Characterization of Instructor and Student Behaviors in CURE and Non-CURE Learning Environments: Impacts on Student Motivation, Science Identity Development, and Perceptions of the Laboratory Experience.
Abstract Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) serve to increase student access to authentic scientific opportunities. Current evidence within the literature indicates that engagement in CUREs promotes students' science identity development, science self-efficacy, motivation, and ability to "think like a scientist." Despite the importance of these findings, few studies have examined the behaviors and interactions occurring within CURE and non-CURE settings and the impact of those behaviors on said student outcomes. To address these concerns, we conducted a mixed-methods study to explore...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - March 1, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Esparza D, Wagler AE, Olimpo JT Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

The Impact of High School Life Science Teachers' Subject Matter Knowledge and Knowledge of Student Misconceptions on Students' Learning.
Abstract One of the foundational assumptions in education is that greater teacher knowledge contributes to greater gains in student knowledge, but empirical evidence in support of this assumption is scarce. Using a U.S. sample of 79 biology teachers and their 2749 high school students, we investigate whether teachers' subject matter knowledge (SMK) and knowledge of students' misconceptions (KOSM) in high school life science are associated with students' posttest performance on multiple-choice test items designed to reveal student misconceptions, after controlling for their pretest scores. We found that students we...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - March 1, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Chen C, Sonnert G, Sadler PM, Sunbury S Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Quality of Team Discussion: Discourse Analysis in an Undergraduate Team-Based Learning Biology Course.
Discussion: Discourse Analysis in an Undergraduate Team-Based Learning Biology Course. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2020 Mar;19(1):ar7 Authors: Leupen SM, Kephart KL, Hodges LC Abstract Group activities as part of active-learning pedagogies are thought to be effective in promoting student learning in part because of the quality of discussion they engender in student teams. Not much is known, however, about which instructional factors are most important in achieving productive conversation or how these factors may differ among different collaborative pedagogies. We explored what provokes meaningful group discuss...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 15, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Leupen SM, Kephart KL, Hodges LC Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Development of the BioCalculus Assessment (BCA).
We describe the development and initial validity assessment of the 20-item BioCalculus Assessment (BCA), with the objective of comparing undergraduate life science students' understanding of calculus concepts in different courses with alternative emphases (with and without focus on biological applications). The development process of the BCA included obtaining input from a large network of scientists and educators as well as students in calculus and biocalculus courses to accumulate evidential support of the instrument's content validity and response processes of test takers. We used the Rasch model to examine the internal...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 15, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Taylor RT, Bishop PR, Lenhart S, Gross LJ, Sturner K Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Fostering Equitable Outcomes in Introductory Biology Courses through Use of a Dual Domain Pedagogy.
Abstract Recent studies demonstrate that significant learning gains can be achieved when instructors take intentional steps to address the affective components of learning. While such efforts enhance the outcomes of all students, they are particularly beneficial for students from underrepresented groups and can reduce performance gaps. In the present study, we examined whether intentional efforts to address the affective domain of learning (through growth mindset messaging) can synergize with best practices for addressing the cognitive domain (via active-learning strategies) to enhance academic outcomes in biology...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 1, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Bauer AC, Coffield VM, Crater D, Lyda T, Segarra VA, Suh K, Vigueira CC, Vigueira PA Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Knowledge or Abilities? How Undergraduates Define Intelligence.
Abstract Whether students view intelligence as a fixed or malleable trait (i.e., their "mindset") has significant implications for their responses to failure and academic outcomes. Despite a long history of research on mindset and its growing popularity, recent meta-analyses suggest that mindset does a poor job of predicting academic outcomes for undergraduate populations. Here, we present evidence that these mixed results could be due to ambiguous language on the mindset scale. Specifically, the term "intelligence" is a referent in every item of the mindset scale but is never defined, which co...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 1, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Limeri LB, Choe J, Harper HG, Martin HR, Benton A, Dolan EL Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning.
Abstract The Current Insights feature is designed to introduce life science educators and researchers to current articles of interest in other social science and education journals. In this installment, I highlight three diverse research studies: one exploring classroom talk and how it impacts conceptual learning; one identifying a unique influence on evolution acceptance: statistical understanding; and the last a genetics lesson that reduces racial bias. PMID: 32004102 [PubMed - in process] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 1, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Eddy SL Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Modeling in the Classroom: Making Relationships and Systems Visible.
Abstract As an instructional tool, models can transform the student experience from the static to the dynamic, the flat to the 3D, and the siloed to the integrated. Few practical resources exist to help instructors transition toward model-based classroom practices. The Modeling in the Classroom evidence-based teaching guide provides instructors with a tool kit for incorporating models and modeling into their classrooms (https://lse.ascb.org/evidence-based-teaching-guides/modeling-in-the-classroom). The guide discusses the underpinnings of modeling as a core scientific practice, one that can enable student developm...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - January 25, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Wilson KJ, Long TM, Momsen JL, Bray Speth E Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Leveraging Multiple Analytic Frameworks to Assess the Stability of Students' Knowledge in Physiology.
Abstract When a student explains a biological phenomenon, does the answer reflect only the product of retrieving knowledge or does it also reflect a dynamic process of constructing knowledge? To gain insight into students' dynamic knowledge, we leveraged three analytic frameworks-structures-behaviors-functions (SBF), mental models (MM), and conceptual dynamics (CD). To assess the stability of student knowledge, we asked undergraduate students to explain the same physiological phenomenon three times-once verbally, once after drawing, and once after interpreting a diagram. The SBF analysis illustrated fine-grained d...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - January 25, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Lira M, Gardner SM Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Peer Leader Reflections on Promoting Discussion in Peer Group-Learning Sessions: Reflective and Practiced Advice through Collaborative Annual Peer-Advice Books.
Discussion in Peer Group-Learning Sessions: Reflective and Practiced Advice through Collaborative Annual Peer-Advice Books. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2020 Mar;19(1):ar2 Authors: Szteinberg G, Repice MD, Hendrick C, Meyerink S, Frey RF Abstract As research has shown, collaborative peer learning is effective for improving student learning. Peer-led team learning (PLTL) is one well-known collaborative-group approach in which groups are facilitated by trained undergraduate peer leaders. This paper contributes to the literature on peer-leader training by examining how peer leaders for a large introductory science...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - January 11, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Szteinberg G, Repice MD, Hendrick C, Meyerink S, Frey RF Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Conceptual Characterization of Threshold Concepts in Student Explanations of Evolution by Natural Selection and Effects of Item Context.
LAE Abstract Evolutionary theory explains a wide range of biological phenomena. Proper understanding of evolutionary mechanisms such as natural selection is therefore an essential goal for biology education. Unfortunately, natural selection has time and again proven difficult to teach and learn, and students' resulting understanding is often characterized by misconceptions. Previous research has often focused on the importance of certain key concepts such as variation, differential survival, and change in population. However, so-called threshold concepts (randomness, probability, spatial scale, and temporal scales...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - January 11, 2020 Category: Cytology Authors: Göransson A, Orraryd D, Fiedler D, Tibell LAE Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Community College Instructors' Perceptions of Constraints and Affordances Related to Teaching Quantitative Biology Skills and Concepts.
Abstract Quantitative skills are an important competency for undergraduate biology students and should be incorporated early and frequently in an undergraduate's career. Community colleges (CCs) are responsible for teaching introductory biology to a large proportion of biology and prehealth students, and quantitative skills are critical for their careers. However, we know little about the challenges and affordances that CC instructors encounter when incorporating quantitative skills into their courses. To explore this, we interviewed CC biology instructors (n = 20) about incorporating quantitative biology (QB) ins...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 30, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Corwin LA, Kiser S, LoRe SM, Miller JM, Aikens ML Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Cognitive Construal-Consistent Instructor Language in the Undergraduate Biology Classroom.
Abstract Researchers have identified patterns of intuitive thinking that are commonly used to understand and reason about the biological world. These cognitive construals (anthropic, teleological, and essentialist thinking), while useful in everyday life, have also been associated with misconceptions about biological science. Although construal-based thinking is pervasive among students, we know little about the prevalence of construal-consistent language in the university science classroom. In the current research, we characterized the degree to which construal-consistent language is present in biology students' ...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 30, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Betz N, Leffers JS, Thor EED, Fux M, de Nesnera K, Tanner KD, Coley JD Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Models and Impacts of Science Research Experiences: A Review of the Literature of CUREs, UREs, and TREs.
ar BM Abstract In efforts to increase scientific literacy and enhance the preparation of learners to pursue careers in science, there are growing opportunities for students and teachers to engage in scientific research experiences, including course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs), undergraduate research experiences (UREs), and teacher research experiences (TREs). Prior literature reviews detail a variety of models, benefits, and challenges and call for the continued examination of program elements and associated impacts. This paper reports a comprehensive review of 307 papers publis...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 30, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Krim JS, Coté LE, Schwartz RS, Stone EM, Cleeves JJ, Barry KJ, Burgess W, Buxner SR, Gerton JM, Horvath L, Keller JM, Lee SC, Locke SM, Rebar BM Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

"Where's My Mentor?!" Characterizing Negative Mentoring Experiences in Undergraduate Life Science Research.
"Where's My Mentor?!" Characterizing Negative Mentoring Experiences in Undergraduate Life Science Research. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2019 Dec;18(4):ar61 Authors: Limeri LB, Asif MZ, Bridges BHT, Esparza D, Tuma TT, Sanders D, Morrison AJ, Rao P, Harsh JA, Maltese AV, Dolan EL Abstract Undergraduate research experiences in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields are championed for promoting students' personal and professional development. Mentorship is an integral part of undergraduate research, as effective mentorship maximizes the benefits undergraduates realize from participatin...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 23, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Limeri LB, Asif MZ, Bridges BHT, Esparza D, Tuma TT, Sanders D, Morrison AJ, Rao P, Harsh JA, Maltese AV, Dolan EL Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Through the Eyes of Faculty: Using Personas as a Tool for Learner-Centered Professional Development.
Abstract College science instructors need continuous professional development (PD) to meet the call to evidence-based practice. New PD efforts need to focus on the nuanced blend of factors that influence instructors' teaching practices. We used persona methodology to describe the diversity among instructors who were participating in a long-term PD initiative. Persona methodology originates from ethnography. It takes data from product users and compiles those data in the form of fictional characters. Personas facilitate user-centered design. We identified four personas among our participants: Emma the Expert views ...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 23, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Zagallo P, McCourt J, Idsardi R, Smith MK, Urban-Lurain M, Andrews TC, Haudek K, Knight JK, Merrill J, Nehm R, Prevost LB, Lemons PP Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Identifying Faculty and Peer Interaction Patterns of First-Year Biology Doctoral Students: A Latent Class Analysis.
Abstract Faculty and peer interactions play a key role in shaping graduate student socialization. Yet, within the literature on graduate student socialization, researchers have primarily focused on understanding the nature and impact of faculty alone, and much less is known about how peer interactions also contribute to graduate student outcomes. Using a national sample of first-year biology doctoral students, this study reveals distinct categories that classify patterns of faculty and peer interaction. Further, we document inequities such that certain groups (e.g., underrepresented minority students) report const...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 16, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Jeong S, Blaney JM, Feldon DF Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Recent Progress in Learning Progressions Research.
Abstract Learning progressions (LPs) are hypothetical models that describe how learning in a domain may unfold over time. Over the past decade, LPs have grown in popularity. At the same time, there have been advances in LP research. In this installment of Current Insights, I bring together three recent articles that examine the validity and utility of LPs as models to guide research and instruction. PMID: 31730384 [PubMed - in process] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 16, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Gouvea JS Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

"What Will I Experience in My College STEM Courses?" An Investigation of Student Predictions about Instructional Practices in Introductory Courses.
"What Will I Experience in My College STEM Courses?" An Investigation of Student Predictions about Instructional Practices in Introductory Courses. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2019 Dec;18(4):ar60 Authors: Meaders CL, Toth ES, Lane AK, Shuman JK, Couch BA, Stains M, Stetzer MR, Vinson E, Smith MK Abstract The instructional practices used in introductory college courses often differ dramatically from those used in high school courses, and dissatisfaction with these practices is cited by students as a prominent reason for leaving science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors. To better...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 16, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Meaders CL, Toth ES, Lane AK, Shuman JK, Couch BA, Stains M, Stetzer MR, Vinson E, Smith MK Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

STEM Is Not a Monolith: A Preliminary Analysis of Variations in STEM Disciplinary Cultures and Implications for Change.
Abstract Research suggests that science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) departments are a productive unit of focus for systemic change efforts. In particular, they are relatively coherent units of culture, and cultural changes are critical to creating sustainable improvements. However, the STEM disciplines are often treated as a monolith in change literature, and unique aspects of these different disciplinary cultures-and consequences for change efforts-remain somewhat underdeveloped. This exploratory study focuses on similarities and differences among STEM disciplinary cultures, drawing on data g...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 10, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Reinholz DL, Matz RL, Cole R, Apkarian N Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Where Do Our Graduates Go? A Tool Kit for Tracking Career Outcomes of Biomedical PhD Students and Postdoctoral Scholars.
ns ES PMID: 31702952 [PubMed - in process] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 10, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Silva EA, Mejía AB, Watkins ES Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Using a Reconciliation Module Leads to Large Gains in Evolution Acceptance.
Abstract Too many students reject the theory of evolution because they view it as incompatible with their religious beliefs. Some have argued that abandoning religious belief is the only way to help religious individuals accept evolution. Conversely, our data support that highlighting faith/evolution compatibility is an effective means to increase student acceptance. We surveyed students enrolled in entry-level biology courses at four religiously affiliated institutions. At each university, teachers gave students a presentation that demonstrated potential compatibility between evolution and faith within the teachi...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 10, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Lindsay J, Arok A, Bybee SM, Cho W, Cordero AM, Ferguson DG, Galante LL, Gill R, Mann M, Peck SL, Shively CL, Stark MR, Stowers JA, Tenneson M, Tolman ER, Wayment T, Jensen JL Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

The Impact of Broadly Relevant Novel Discoveries on Student Project Ownership in a Traditional Lab Course Turned CURE.
In this study, we examined the extent to which students making "broadly relevant novel discoveries" impacted student project ownership by comparing the experiences of students in a CURE and a traditional lab course. The CURE and traditional lab were similar in most aspects; students were exposed to an identical curriculum taught by the same instructor. However, there was one major difference between the two types of courses: the type of data that the students produced. Students in the traditional lab characterized the immune system of wild-type mice, thereby confirming results already known to the scientific comm...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 3, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Cooper KM, Blattman JN, Hendrix T, Brownell SE Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Improving Academic Performance, Belonging, and Retention through Increasing Structure of an Introductory Biology Course.
We describe here two parallel sections of Introductory Biology that shared learning objectives and content but varied in course structure. The large-enrollment traditional course consisted of four 50-minute lectures coupled with minimal active-learning techniques, while an increased-structure intervention course integrated multiple active-learning approaches, had limited enrollment, and comprised three 50-minute lectures combined with a fourth peer-led team-learning discussion section. Additionally, the intervention course employed weekly review quizzes and multiple in-class formative assessments. The academic impact of th...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 3, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Wilton M, Gonzalez-Niño E, McPartlan P, Terner Z, Christoffersen RE, Rothman JH Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Expert-Novice Comparison Reveals Pedagogical Implications for Students' Analysis of Primary Literature.
Abstract Student engagement in the analysis of primary scientific literature increases critical thinking, scientific literacy, data evaluation, and science process skills. However, little is known about the process by which expertise in reading scientific articles develops. For this reason, we decided to compare how faculty experts and student novices engage with a research article. We performed think-aloud interviews of biology faculty and undergraduates as they read through a scientific article. We analyzed these interviews using qualitative methods. We grounded data interpretation in cognitive load theory and t...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 3, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Nelms AA, Segura-Totten M Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Online and Clicker Quizzing on Jargon Terms Enhances Definition-Focused but Not Conceptually Focused Biology Exam Performance.
Abstract Mastery of jargon terms is an important part of student learning in biology and other science, technology, engineering, and mathematics domains. In two experiments, we investigated whether prelecture quizzes enhance memory for jargon terms, and whether that enhanced familiarity can facilitate learning of related concepts that are encountered during subsequent lectures and readings. Undergraduate students enrolled in neuroanatomy and physiology courses completed 10-minute low-stakes quizzes with feedback on jargon terms either online (experiment 1) or using in-class clickers (experiment 2). Quizzes occurre...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 3, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Pan SC, Cooke J, Little JL, McDaniel MA, Foster ER, Connor LT, Rickard TC Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Student Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes in Asynchronous Online Lecture Videos.
We presented different lecture video styles with standardized material to students and then measured learning outcomes and satisfaction with a survey and summative assessment. We created an iterative qualitative coding scheme, "coding online asynchronous lectures" (COAL), to analyze open-ended student survey responses. Our results reveal that multimedia learning can be satisfying and effective. Students have strong preferences for certain video styles despite their equal learning outcomes, with the Learning Glass style receiving the highest satisfaction ratings. Video styles that were described as impersonal and ...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 3, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Choe RC, Scuric Z, Eshkol E, Cruser S, Arndt A, Cox R, Toma SP, Shapiro C, Levis-Fitzgerald M, Barnes G, Crosbie RH Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Applying the Stress Process Model to Stress-Burnout and Stress-Depression Relationships in Biomedical Doctoral Students: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study.
Abstract Although doctoral students in the biomedical sciences have been recognized as a population at particular risk for mental health problems such as burnout and depression, little research has been conducted to identify candidate targets for intervention. To this end, we used the stress process model to evaluate potential mediators of stress-burnout and stress-depression relationships in biomedical doctoral students. A cross-sectional sample (n = 69) completed validated self-report measures of stress; symptoms of burnout and depression; and perceptions of mastery, social support, and advisor support. In linea...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - October 19, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Hish AJ, Nagy GA, Fang CM, Kelley L, Nicchitta CV, Dzirasa K, Rosenthal MZ Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research