Applying Graph Theory to Examine the Dynamics of Student Discussions in Small-Group Learning.
Discussions in Small-Group Learning. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2019 Jun;18(2):ar29 Authors: Chai A, Le JP, Lee AS, Lo SM Abstract Group work in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics courses is an effective means of improving student outcomes, and many different factors can influence the dynamics of student discussions and, ultimately, the success of collaboration. The substance and dynamics of group discussions are commonly examined using qualitative methods such as discourse analysis. To complement existing work in the literature, we developed a quantitative methodology that uses graph theory to...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - June 1, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Chai A, Le JP, Lee AS, Lo SM Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Burnout and Mental Health Problems in Biomedical Doctoral Students.
Abstract Although burnout and mental health problems may adversely impact quality of scientific research, academic productivity, and attrition in biomedical doctoral training programs, very little research has been done on this topic. Recent studies have used brief survey methods to begin to explore burnout and mental health problems in biomedical doctoral students. In this pilot study, biomedical doctoral students (N = 69; 12% of enrolled biomedical doctoral students at a large research institution's school of medicine in the United States) were administered standardized psychiatric interviews and self-report que...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - June 1, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Nagy GA, Fang CM, Hish AJ, Kelly L, Nicchitta CV, Dzirasa K, Rosenthal MZ Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

One-Year Research Experience for Associate's Degree Students Impacts Graduation, STEM Retention, and Transfer Patterns.
We report on a mixed-methods study of 500 students who participated in the program during its initial 3 years. Quantitative longitudinal assessments revealed that students who engaged in CRSP were more likely to be retained in a science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) discipline or to graduate with a STEM degree than their counterparts in a matched comparison group. Furthermore, students who participated in CRSP demonstrated an increased likelihood of transferring to the more research-intensive 4-year schools within the CUNY system and to R1 universities outside the CUNY system. CRSP students reported an i...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - June 1, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Nerio R, Webber A, MacLachlan E, Lopatto D, Caplan AJ Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Student Learning Dispositions: Multidimensional Profiles Highlight Important Differences among Undergraduate STEM Honors Thesis Writers.
Abstract Various personal dimensions of students-particularly motivation, self-efficacy beliefs, and epistemic beliefs-can change in response to teaching, affect student learning, and be conceptualized as learning dispositions. We propose that these learning dispositions serve as learning outcomes in their own right; that patterns of interrelationships among these specific learning dispositions are likely; and that differing constellations (or learning disposition profiles) may have meaningful implications for instructional practices. In this observational study, we examine changes in these learning dispositions i...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - June 1, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Dowd JE, Thompson RJ, Schiff L, Haas K, Hohmann C, Roy C, Meck W, Bruno J, Reynolds JA Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

A Multi-Institutional Analysis of Instructional Beliefs and Practices in Gateway Courses to the Sciences.
Abstract This paper builds on previous studies of instructional practice in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics courses by reporting findings from a study of the relationship between instructors' beliefs about teaching and learning and their observed classroom practices. Data collection took place across six institutions of higher education and included in-depth interviews with 71 instructors and more than 140 hours of classroom observations using the Teaching Dimensions Observation Protocol. Thematic coding of interviews identified 31 distinct beliefs that instructors held about the ways students be...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - June 1, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Ferrare JJ Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Problem Solving in Genetics: Content Hints Can Help.
Abstract Problem solving is an integral part of doing science, yet it is challenging for students in many disciplines to learn. We explored student success in solving genetics problems in several genetics content areas using sets of three consecutive questions for each content area. To promote improvement, we provided students the choice to take a content-focused prompt, termed a "content hint," during either the second or third question within each content area. Overall, for students who answered the first question in a content area incorrectly, the content hints helped them solve additional content-mat...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - June 1, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Avena JS, Knight JK Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Learning in a Group, as a Group, and between Groups.
Abstract Learning in groups is a common feature of science classrooms. The three articles I have chosen to feature in this installment of Current Insights reflect recent research of group learning at different scales. The first examines within-group dynamics, identifying interactions among students that allow scientific sense-making discussions to begin and continue. The second proposes to study groups as the unit of analysis, asking why some groups are able to persevere in the face of challenging problems. The third considers the potential for learning to occur between groups, through connections in students' ext...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - June 1, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Gouvea JS Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Knowledge of Learning Makes a Difference: A Comparison of Metacognition in Introductory and Senior-Level Biology Students.
We examined students' reasoning and found that senior students use knowledge of how people learn to evaluate effective strategies, whereas introductory students consider how well a strategy aligns with the exam to determine its effectiveness. Senior students consider modifying their use of a strategy to improve its effectiveness, whereas introductory students abandon strategies they evaluate as ineffective. Both groups use performance to evaluate their plans, and some students use their feelings as a proxy for metacognition. These data reveal differences between introductory and senior students, which suggest ways metacogn...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - June 1, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Stanton JD, Dye KM, Johnson M Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

A Framework to Guide Undergraduate Education in Interdisciplinary Science.
Abstract An expanded investment in interdisciplinary research has prompted greater demands to integrate knowledge across disciplinary boundaries. Vision and Change similarly made interdisciplinary expectations a key competency for undergraduate biology majors; however, we are not yet synchronized on the meaning of interdisciplinarity, making this benchmark difficult to meet and assess. Here, we discuss aspects of interdisciplinarity through a historical lens and address various institutional barriers to interdisciplinary work. In an effort to forge a unified path forward, we provide a working definition of interdi...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 25, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Tripp B, Shortlidge EE Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Supports: A Key Factor in Faculty Implementation of Evidence-Based Teaching.
am MJ Abstract Evidence-based teaching (EBT), such as active learning and formative assessment, benefits student learning but is not present in many college science classrooms. The choices faculty make about how to teach their science courses are influenced by their personal beliefs and motivations, as well as their departmental structures and institutional cultures. With data from 584 science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) faculty trained in EBT, we compare which of the following factors most relate to faculty's use of EBT: 1) faculty's personal motivations (e.g., teaching value, confidence, bel...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 25, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Bathgate ME, Aragón OR, Cavanagh AJ, Frederick J, Graham MJ Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Recommendations for Effective Integration of Ethics and Responsible Conduct of Research (E/RCR) Education into Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experiences: A Meeting Report.
Abstract Advancement of the scientific enterprise relies on individuals conducting research in an ethical and responsible manner. Educating emergent scholars in the principles of ethics/responsible conduct of research (E/RCR) is therefore critical to ensuring such advancement. The recent impetus to include authentic research opportunities as part of the undergraduate curriculum, via course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs), has been shown to increase cognitive and noncognitive student outcomes. Because of these important benefits, CUREs are becoming more common and often constitute the first researc...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 25, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Diaz-Martinez LA, Fisher GR, Esparza D, Bhatt JM, D'Arcy CE, Apodaca J, Brownell S, Corwin L, Davis WB, Floyd KW, Killion PJ, Madden J, Marsteller P, Mayfield-Meyer T, McDonald KK, Rosenberg M, Yarborough MA, Olimpo JT Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Student Anxiety and Perception of Difficulty Impact Performance and Persistence in Introductory Biology Courses.
This study investigated what types of classroom anxiety were related to student performance in the course and persistence in the major. Students in introductory biology classes self-reported their general class, test, communication, and social anxiety; perceived course difficulty; intention to stay in the major; and demographic variables. Final course grades were acquired from instructors. An increase in perception of course difficulty from the beginning to the end of the semester was significantly associated with lower final course grades (N = 337), particularly for females, non-Caucasians, and students who took fewer Adv...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 25, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: England BJ, Brigati JR, Schussler EE, Chen MM Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Regression to the Mean in Pre-Post Testing: Using Simulations and Permutations to Develop Null Expectations.
PMID: 31074694 [PubMed - in process] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 12, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Furrow RE Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Characterizing Students' Ideas about the Effects of a Mutation in a Noncoding Region of DNA.
Abstract Understanding student ideas in large-enrollment biology courses can be challenging, because easy-to-administer multiple-choice questions frequently do not fully capture the diversity of student ideas. As part of the Automated Analysis of Constructed Responses (AACR) project, we designed a question prompting students to describe the possible effects of a mutation in a noncoding region of DNA. We characterized answers from 1127 students enrolled in eight different large-enrollment introductory biology courses at three different institutions over five semesters and generated an analytic scoring system contai...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 12, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Sieke SA, McIntosh BB, Steele MM, Knight JK Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Big Data to the Bench: Transcriptome Analysis for Undergraduates.
Abstract Next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based methods are revolutionizing biology. Their prevalence requires biologists to be increasingly knowledgeable about computational methods to manage the enormous scale of data. As such, early introduction to NGS analysis and conceptual connection to wet-lab experiments is crucial for training young scientists. However, significant challenges impede the introduction of these methods into the undergraduate classroom, including the need for specialized computer programs and knowledge of computer coding. Here, we describe a semester-long, course-based undergraduate research ...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 12, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Procko C, Morrison S, Dunar C, Mills S, Maldonado B, Cockrum C, Peters NE, Huang SC, Chory J Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Exploring the Impact of Formal Internships on Biomedical Graduate and Postgraduate Careers: An Interview Study.
Abstract Graduate students and postdocs in science, technology, engineering, and math fields are faced with a wide range of career paths to employment, but they are often not trained to effectively pursue these opportunities. The lack of career management skills implies long tenures in graduate school for many students, especially as tenure-track positions in academia dwindle. At our university, we used a cohort model in which graduate students and postdocs were encouraged to apply to the Broadening Experiences in Scientific Training program (BEST under the aegis of the National Institutes of Health) that provided...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 12, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Chatterjee D, Ford JK, Rojewski J, Watts SW Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Getting Messy with Authentic Data: Exploring the Potential of Using Data from Scientific Research to Support Student Data Literacy.
Abstract Data are becoming increasingly important in science and society, and thus data literacy is a vital asset to students as they prepare for careers in and outside science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and go on to lead productive lives. In this paper, we discuss why the strongest learning experiences surrounding data literacy may arise when students are given opportunities to work with authentic data from scientific research. First, we explore the overlap between the fields of quantitative reasoning, data science, and data literacy, specifically focusing on how data literacy results from practici...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - May 12, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Kjelvik MK, Schultheis EH Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Peer Teaching Increases Knowledge and Changes Perceptions about Genetically Modified Crops in Non-Science Major Undergraduates.
Abstract We analyzed effects of peer teaching on non-science major undergraduates' knowledge, perceptions, and opinions about genetically modified (GM) crops and their use in agriculture. Undergraduates enrolled in an introductory nonmajors biology course participated in a service-learning program (SLP) in which they acted as cross-age peer teachers to high school students, teaching about the role of genetics in crop improvement through traditional breeding and GM approaches. Using pre/postassessments, we found that undergraduates' opinions shifted to favor the use of GM organisms (GMOs) in agriculture after SLP p...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - April 28, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Chrispeels HE, Chapman JM, Gibson CL, Muday GK Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

New Thermodynamics Boxes Simulation.
PMID: 31025913 [PubMed - in process] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - April 28, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Greene AS Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Participation in Voluntary Re-quizzing Is Predictive of Increased Performance on Cumulative Assessments in Introductory Biology.
This study adds to a growing body of literature that suggests quizzing can be used as both an assessment tool and a learning tool by showing that the "testing effect" extends to delayed re-quizzing within the classroom. PMID: 31025914 [PubMed - in process] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - April 28, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Walck-Shannon EM, Cahill MJ, McDaniel MA, Frey RF Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Navigating Social Relationships with Mentors and Peers: Comfort and Belonging among Men and Women in STEM Summer Research Programs.
Abstract Gender disparities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are well documented, yet little is known about how women and men students establish social relationships with research mentors and peers and how that shapes their experiences in STEM. We conducted a series of interviews with 17 undergraduate students from a Hispanic majority institution regarding their participation in STEM-focused summer research programs at nine universities. Differences in levels of comfort in relationships were present when comparing men and women. Women students expressed comfort in relationships with ment...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - April 28, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Daniels HA, Grineski SE, Collins TW, Frederick AH Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Opportunities for Self-Evaluation Increase Student Calibration in an Introductory Biology Course.
Abstract Accurate self-evaluation is critical for learning. Calibration describes the relationship between learners' perception of their performance and their actual performance on a task. Here, we describe two studies aimed at assessing and improving student calibration in a first-semester introductory biology course at a 4-year public institution. Study 1 investigated students' (n = 310) calibration (the difference between estimated and actual exam performance) across one semester. Students were significantly miscalibrated for the first exam: their predicted scores were, on average, significantly higher than the...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - April 28, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Osterhage JL, Usher EL, Douin TA, Bailey WM Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Inclusive Teaching.
Abstract Over the past two decades, science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) faculty have been striving to make their teaching practices more inclusive and welcoming to the variety of students who enter college. However, many STEM faculty, even those at teaching-focused institutions, have been educated in a traditional environment that emphasizes research and may not include classroom teaching. This can produce a deficit in training that leaves many STEM faculty feeling uncertain about inclusive teaching practices and their essential undergirding principles. This essay describes an online, evidence...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - April 28, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Dewsbury B, Brame CJ Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Volunteered or Voluntold? The Motivations and Perceived Outcomes of Graduate and Postdoctoral Mentors of Undergraduate Researchers.
Abstract Graduate students and postdoctoral researchers (postgraduates) in the life sciences frequently mentor undergraduate researchers, especially at research universities. Yet there has been only modest investigation of this relationship from the postgraduate perspective. We conducted an exploratory study of the experiences of 32 postgraduate mentors from diverse institutions, life sciences disciplines, and types of research to examine their motivations for mentoring and their perceived outcomes. Although some postgraduates reported feeling pressured to mentor undergraduate researchers, all expressed personal m...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - April 23, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Limeri LB, Asif MZ, Dolan EL Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Retention following Two-Stage Collaborative Exams Depends on Timing and Student Performance.
Abstract Multistage collaborative exams are implemented to enhance learning and retention of course material. However, the effects of multistage collaborative exams on retention of course content are varied. These discrepancies may be due to a number of factors. To date, studies examining collaborative exams and content retention have used questions that all, or mostly, require students to select an answer, rather than generate one of their own. However, content retention can improve when students generate their own responses. Thus, we examined the effect of collaborative exams with open-ended questions on retenti...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - April 23, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Cooke JE, Weir L, Clarkston B Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning.
Abstract The Current Insights feature is designed to introduce life science educators and researchers to current articles of interest in other social science and education journals. In this installment, I highlight three diverse research studies: one addresses the relationships between active learning and teaching evaluations; one presents an observation tool for documenting metacognition in the classroom; and the last explores things teachers can say to encourage students to employ scientific reasoning during class discussions. PMID: 30807252 [PubMed - in process] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 27, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Eddy SL Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Classroom as Genome: Using the Tools of Genomics and Bioinformatics to Illuminate Classroom Observation Data.
Abstract Classroom observation protocols can provide an exceedingly rich form of data. However, this is a double-edged sword, as researchers often struggle to take full advantage of the detailed data outputs. In this essay, we introduce a new approach to the analysis of classroom observation data, termed "classroom as genome" (CAG). We illustrate how real-time classroom observation data and genomic data can be viewed as quite analogous, both conceptually and in terms of downstream analysis. We provide both abstract and concrete examples of how the tools of genomics and bioinformatics can be applied to cl...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 27, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Erdmann RM, Stains M Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Closing the Achievement Gap in a Large Introductory Course by Balancing Reduced In-Person Contact with Increased Course Structure.
Abstract Hybrid and online courses are gaining attention as alternatives to traditional face-to-face classes. In addition to the pedagogical flexibility afforded by alternative formats, these courses also appeal to campuses aiming to maximize classroom space. The literature, however, reports conflicting results regarding the effect of hybrid and online courses on student learning. We designed, taught, and assessed a fully online course (100% online) and a hybrid-and-flipped course (50% online 50% face-to-face) and compared those formats with a lecture-based face-to-face course. The three formats also varied in the...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 27, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Gavassa S, Benabentos R, Kravec M, Collins T, Eddy S Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

A Model for Holistic Review in Graduate Admissions That Decouples the GRE from Race, Ethnicity, and Gender.
Abstract Graduate schools around the United States are working to improve access to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in a manner that reflects local and national demographics. The admissions process has been the focus of examination, as it is a potential bottleneck for entry into STEM. Standardized tests are widely used as part of the decision-making process; thus, we examined the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) in two models of applicant review: metrics-based applicant review and holistic applicant review to understand whether it affected applicant demographics at The University of Texas...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 10, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Wilson MA, Odem MA, Walters T, DePass AL, Bean AJ Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Formation of the Inclusive Environments and Metrics in Biology Education and Research (iEMBER) Network: Building a Culture of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion.
This report focuses on the structure of the iEMBER network, two takeaways that emerged from the 2017 conference (interdisciplinary networking/collaboration and intradisciplinary broadening participation strategies), and ways for prospective members to engage in ongoing dialogue and future events. Learn more at http://iember.org . PMID: 30735086 [PubMed - in process] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 10, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Tennial RE, Solomon ED, Hammonds-Odie L, McDowell GS, Moore M, Roca AI, Marcette J Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Molecular Concepts Adaptive Assessment (MCAA) Characterizes Undergraduate Misconceptions about Molecular Emergence.
Abstract This paper discusses the results of two experiments assessing undergraduate students' beliefs about the random nature of molecular environments. Experiment 1 involved the implementation of a pilot adaptive assessment ( n = 773) and focus group discussions with undergraduate students enrolled in first- through third-year biology courses; experiment 2 involved the distribution of the redesigned adaptive assessment to the same population of students in three consecutive years ( n = 1170). The overarching goal of the study was to provide a detailed characterization of learners' perceptions and beliefs regardi...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 3, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Gauthier A, Jantzen S, McGill G, Jenkinson J Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Identifying Troublesome Jargon in Biology: Discrepancies between Student Performance and Perceived Understanding.
Abstract The excessive "jargon" load in biology may be a hurdle for developing conceptual understanding as well as achieving core competencies such as scientific literacy and communication. Little work has been done to characterize student understanding of biology--specific jargon. To address this issue, we aimed to determine the types of biology jargon terms that students struggle with most, the alignment between students' perceived understanding and performance defining the terms, and common errors in student-provided definitions. Students in two biology classes were asked to report their understanding...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 3, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Zukswert JM, Barker MK, McDonnell L Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

The Impact of a Pedagogy Course on the Teaching Beliefs of Inexperienced Graduate Teaching Assistants.
This study characterized inexperienced GTAs' teaching beliefs about student learning and how they change with a science-specific pedagogy course that emphasized student learning. GTA teaching beliefs were characterized as traditional (providing information to students), instructive (providing activities for students), and transitional (focusing on student-teacher relationships). At the start of the course, traditional, instructive, and transitional beliefs were emphasized comparably in the concept maps and presentations of inexperienced GTAs. At the end of the course, although GTAs' beliefs remained mostly teacher focused,...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - February 3, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Lee SW Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Despite Similar Perceptions and Attitudes, Postbaccalaureate Students Outperform in Introductory Biology and Chemistry Courses.
Abstract Embedding active learning is a common mechanism for meeting science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education reform goals. Researchers have identified student benefits from such strategies, yet these benefits may not be universal for all students. We sought to identify how students at a nontraditional university perceive introductory biology and chemistry courses, and whether perceptions relate to course type, performance, or student status. We surveyed students ( n = 601) using open-ended prompts regarding their perceptions of factors that impact their learning and interest, and about s...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - January 28, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Shortlidge EE, Rain-Griffith L, Shelby C, Shusterman GP, Barbera J Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Laboratory Courses with Guided-Inquiry Modules Improve Scientific Reasoning and Experimental Design Skills for the Least-Prepared Undergraduate Students.
Abstract Past studies on the differential effects of active learning based on students' prior preparation and knowledge have been mixed. The purpose of the present study was to ask whether students with different levels of prior preparation responded differently to laboratory courses in which a guided-inquiry module was implemented. In the first study, we assessed student scientific reasoning skills, and in the second we assessed student experimental design skills. In each course in which the studies were conducted, student gains were analyzed by pretest quartiles, a measure of their prior preparation. Overall, st...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - January 28, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Blumer LS, Beck CW Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

GenBio-MAPS: A Programmatic Assessment to Measure Student Understanding of Vision and Change Core Concepts across General Biology Programs.
Abstract The Vision and Change report provides a nationally agreed upon framework of core concepts that undergraduate biology students should master by graduation. While identifying these concepts was an important first step, departments also need ways to measure the extent to which students understand these concepts. Here, we present the General Biology-Measuring Achievement and Progression in Science (GenBio-MAPS) assessment as a tool to measure student understanding of the core concepts at key time points in a biology degree program. Data from more than 5000 students at 20 institutions reveal that this instrume...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - January 28, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Couch BA, Wright CD, Freeman S, Knight JK, Semsar K, Smith MK, Summers MM, Zheng Y, Crowe AJ, Brownell SE Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Authentic Inquiry through Modeling in Biology (AIM-Bio): An Introductory Laboratory Curriculum That Increases Undergraduates' Scientific Agency and Skills.
Abstract Providing opportunities for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics undergraduates to engage in authentic scientific practices is likely to influence their view of science and may impact their decision to persist through graduation. Laboratory courses provide a natural place to introduce students to scientific practices, but existing curricula often miss this opportunity by focusing on confirming science content rather than exploring authentic questions. Integrating authentic science within laboratory courses is particularly challenging at high-enrollment institutions and community colleges, whe...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - December 1, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Hester SD, Nadler M, Katcher J, Elfring LK, Dykstra E, Rezende LF, Bolger MS Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Recognizing and Reducing Barriers to Science and Math Education and STEM Careers for Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders.
Abstract Climate change is impacting the Pacific Islands first and most drastically, yet few native islanders are trained to recognize, analyze, or mitigate the impacts in these islands. To understand the reasons why low numbers of Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders enter colleges, enroll in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses, or undertake life sciences/STEM careers, 25 representatives from colleges and schools in seven U.S.-affiliated states and countries across the Pacific participated in a 2-day workshop. Fourteen were indigenous peoples of their islands. Participants revealed ...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - December 1, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Kerr JQ, Hess DJ, Smith CM, Hadfield MG Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Short-Term Research Experience (SRE) in the Traditional Lab: Qualitative and Quantitative Data on Outcomes.
Abstract The San Diego Biodiversity Project introduces undergraduate students at four different 2- and 4-year schools to a short-term research experience (SRE) that was implemented as a module in the last third of a traditional laboratory course. The study assesses the qualities of this SRE for students using three different methods. Twenty-one participants were interviewed about their experiences in the traditional and research components of their course. In a repeated-measures design, 124 participants took the Persistence in the Sciences (PITS) survey immediately before and after their participation in the SRE. ...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - December 1, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Hanauer DI, Nicholes J, Liao FY, Beasley A, Henter H Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

The Graph Rubric: Development of a Teaching, Learning, and Research Tool.
Abstract As undergraduate biology curricula increasingly aim to provide students with access to courses and experiences that engage them in the practices of science, tools are needed for instruction, evaluation, and research around student learning. One of the important skills for undergraduate biology students to master is the selection and creation of appropriate graphs to summarize data they acquire through investigations in their course work and research experiences. Graphing is a complex skill, and there are few, discipline-informed tools available for instructors, students, and researchers to use. Here, we d...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - December 1, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Angra A, Gardner SM Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Becoming a "Science Person": Faculty Recognition and the Development of Cultural Capital in the Context of Undergraduate Biology Research.
Becoming a "Science Person": Faculty Recognition and the Development of Cultural Capital in the Context of Undergraduate Biology Research. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2018 Dec;17(4):ar62 Authors: Thompson JJ, Jensen-Ryan D Abstract We argue that cultural capital plays an underexamined role in students' recognition as budding scientists by faculty. By triangulating interview data from undergraduates and faculty mentors in a multi-institutional biology research network, we identified a set of intersecting domains of capital that help render students recognizable to faculty. We argue that faculty recogn...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 19, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Thompson JJ, Jensen-Ryan D Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Student Learning Outcomes and Attitudes Using Three Methods of Group Formation in a Nonmajors Biology Class.
Abstract Group work is often a key component of student-centered pedagogies, but there is conflicting evidence about what types of groups provide the most benefit for undergraduate students. We investigated student learning outcomes and attitudes toward working in groups when students were assigned to groups using different methods in a large-enrollment, student-centered class. We were particularly interested in how students entering the class with different levels of competence in biology performed in homogeneous or heterogeneous groups, and what types of group compositions were formed using different methods of ...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 19, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Donovan DA, Connell GL, Grunspan DZ Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Structuring and Supporting Excellence in Undergraduate Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education: The ASBMB Degree Accreditation Program.
PMID: 30444448 [PubMed - in process] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 19, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Del Gaizo Moore V, Loertscher J, Dean DM, Bailey CP, Kennelly PJ, Wolfson AJ Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Representation of Industry in Introductory Biology Textbooks: A Missed Opportunity to Advance STEM Learning.
Abstract The majority of students who enroll in undergraduate biology courses will eventually be employed in non-STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) business occupations. This work explores how representations of industry in undergraduate biology textbooks could impact STEM learning for these students and their ability to apply this learning in their chosen work. We used text analysis to identify passages with references to industry in 29 textbooks. Each passage was categorized for relevance to health or environment, for implied positive or negative connotations, and for descriptions of synerg...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 19, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Simon SM, Meldrum H, Ndung'u E, Ledley FD Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

"Is This Class Hard?" Defining and Analyzing Academic Rigor from a Learner's Perspective.
"Is This Class Hard?" Defining and Analyzing Academic Rigor from a Learner's Perspective. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2018 Dec;17(4):ar59 Authors: Wyse SA, Soneral PAG Abstract Despite its value in higher education, academic rigor is a challenging construct to define for instructor and students alike. How do students perceive academic rigor in their biology course work? Using qualitative surveys, we asked students to identify "easy" or "hard" courses and define which aspects of these learning experiences contributed to their perceptions of academic rigor. The 100-level students de...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 14, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Wyse SA, Soneral PAG Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Can I Have Your Recipe? Using a Fidelity of Implementation (FOI) Framework to Identify the Key Ingredients of Formative Assessment for Learning.
Abstract For decades, formative assessment has been identified as a high-impact instructional practice that positively affects student learning. Education reform documents such as Vision and Change: A Call to Action expressly identify frequent, ongoing formative assessment and feedback as a key instructional practice in student-centered learning environments. Historically, effect sizes between 0.4 and 0.7 have been reported for formative assessment experiments. However, more recent meta-analyses have reported much lower effect sizes. It is unclear whether the variability in reported effects is due to formative ass...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 14, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Offerdahl EG, McConnell M, Boyer J Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Students Who Fail to Achieve Predefined Research Goals May Still Experience Many Positive Outcomes as a Result of CURE Participation.
Abstract Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) provide students opportunities to engage in research in a course. Aspects of CURE design, such as providing students opportunities to make discoveries, collaborate, engage in relevant work, and iterate to solve problems are thought to contribute to outcome achievement in CUREs. Yet how each of these elements contributes to specific outcomes is largely unexplored. This lack of understanding is problematic, because we may unintentionally underemphasize important aspects of CURE design that allow for achievement of highly valued outcomes when designing ...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 14, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Gin LE, Rowland AA, Steinwand B, Bruno J, Corwin LA Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Probing the Relevance of Chemical Identity Thinking in Biochemical Contexts.
In this study, we examined the relevance of CI in biochemical contexts and first explored the ways in which practicing biochemists consider CI relevant in their work. These responses informed the development of creative exercises (CEs) given to second--semester biochemistry students. Analysis of the student responses to these CEs revealed that students incorporated precursors to CI thinking in more than half of their responses, which were categorized by seven previously identified themes of CI relevant to the presented biochemical contexts. The prevalence of these precursors in student responses to the CEs, coupled with th...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - November 14, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Ngai C, Sevian H Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

Life Science Undergraduate Mentors in NE STEM 4U Significantly Outperform Their Peers in Critical Thinking Skills.
Abstract The development of critical thinking skills in recent college graduates is keenly requested by employers year after year. Moreover, improving these skills can help students to better question and analyze data. Consequently, we aimed to implement a training program that would add to the critical thinking skills of undergraduate students: Nebraska Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math 4U (NE STEM 4U). In this program, undergraduates provide outreach, mentoring, and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education to K-8 students. To determine the impacts of serving as an undergraduate...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - October 20, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Nelson KL, Rauter CM, Cutucache CE Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research

The Learning Loss Effect in Genetics: What Ideas Do Students Retain or Lose after Instruction?
This study uses an learning progression framework that examines what happens to genetics knowledge over an extended period of time after instruction and indicates that classroom time is better spent helping students construct mechanistic explanations of genetic phenomena as opposed to memorizing terminology. PMID: 30335603 [PubMed - in process] (Source: CBE Life Sciences Education)
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - October 20, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Todd A, Romine W Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research