Difference in basic concept of coronary bifurcation intervention between Korea and Japan. Insight from questionnaire in experts of Korean and Japanese bifurcation clubs
AbstractThe coronary bifurcation intervention varies among countries due to the differences in assessment of lesion severity and treatment devices. We sought to clarify the difference in basic strategy between South Korea and Japan. A total of 19 and 32 experts from Korean (KBC) and Japanese Bifurcation Clubs (JBC), respectively, answered a survey questionnaire concerning their usual procedure of coronary bifurcation intervention. JBC experts performed less two-stent deployment in the left main (LM) bifurcation compared to KBC experts (JBC vs. KBC: median, 1 –10% vs. 21–30%,p 
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - January 16, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of delayed coronary artery access for coronary angiography with or without percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
AbstractCoronary artery disease (CAD) and severe aortic valve stenosis frequently coexist. Given the progressive nature of CAD, silent or non-significant CAD may become symptomatic or functionally relevant years after TAVR. However, there is a paucity of data documenting the feasibility of either coronary angiography and/or PCI after TAVR. We systematically searched Medline, Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane database, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Web of Science, and conference abstracts from conception to March 2020 using OvidSP in TAVR patients undergoing coronary angiography with or without PCI at least 6  months after TA...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - January 16, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Drug-eluting stent thrombosis: current and future perspectives
AbstractOver the past 40  years, the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention has dramatically improved by overcoming several challenges. The introduction of drug-eluting stent (DES) in particular was a major breakthrough in interventional cardiology. Compared to bare-metal stents, first-generation DES (G1 -DES) has dramatically reduced the rates of in-stent restenosis and subsequent target lesion revascularization. However, major safety concerns surrounding stent thrombosis (ST) emerged with G1-DES in clinical practice as a result of the high incidences of death, myocardial infarction, and repeat rev...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - January 13, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Practical utilization of cardiac computed tomography for the success in complex coronary intervention
AbstractPercutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for complex lesions is still technically demanding and is associated with less favorable procedural parameters such as lower success rate, longer procedural time, higher contrast volume and unexpected complications. Because the conventional angiographic analysis is limited by the inability to visualize the plaque information and the occluded segment, cardiac computed tomography has evolved as an adjunct to invasive angiography to better characterize coronary lesions to improve success rates of PCI. Adding to routine image reconstructions by coronary computed tomography angio...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - January 11, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes in nonagenarians undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractTo compare the risk of procedural complications and mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in nonagenarians (age  ≥ 90 years) compared to younger patients (
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - January 11, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Temporal trends in coronary intervention strategies and the impact on one-year clinical events: data from a Japanese multi-center real-world cohort study
AbstractPercutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has significantly advanced over the last 40  years, but it is not clear whether there have been any changes in prognosis in recent years. The Kumamoto Intervention Conference Study Real-World Registry is a multi-center registry that enrolls consecutive patients undergoing PCI in 17 centers in Kyushu, Japan. To elucidate the clinical impact o f recent changes in treatment strategies, 8841 consecutive participants (historical PCI:n = 4038, enrolled between January 2013 and December 2014, and current PCI:n = 4803, between January 2015 and March ...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - January 9, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Correction to: Role of acetylcholine spasm provocation test as a pathophysiological assessment in nonobstructive coronary artery disease
Correct Fig.  3 and (Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - January 5, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Efficacy of the Wolverine cutting balloon on a circumferential calcified coronary lesion: Bench test using a three-dimensional printer and computer simulation with the finite element method
This study aimed to explore the optimal method of dilation of highly calcified lesions using a cutting balloon. Calcification models were developed from patient computed tomography and intravascular ultrasound data, and were constructed using three-dimensional printers. The lesions were dilated using a Wolverine ™ cutting balloon and NC Emerge™ noncompliant balloon catheter, and the success rate of dilation and maximum dilation pressure were compared. The maximum first principal stresses in calcified lesions were also evaluated by computer simulation using the finite element method. In the bench test, t he dila...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - January 3, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Correction to: Clinical expert consensus document on rotational atherectomy from the Japanese association of cardiovascular intervention and therapeutics
The article Clinical expert consensus document on rotational atherectomy (Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - January 3, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Successful exclusion of coronary artery aneurysm by utilizing shortening of covered stent to avoid side-branch occlusion
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - January 2, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Factors associated with long-term major adverse cardiac events of coronary bioresorbable vascular scaffold
AbstractThe long-term clinical outcomes after implantation of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) in a real-world cohort were not well described. To identify factors associated with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) on long-term follow-up after implantation of BVS in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This was an observational study based on a hospital registry of percutaneous coronary intervention. Participants were consecutive patients who underwent PCI and implanted with at least one everolimus-eluting BVS (Absorb®) in a single center between 2014 and 2017. Among the 1...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - January 2, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Early hemodynamic changes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients with severe aortic stenosis measured by invasive pressure volume loop analysis
AbstractReplacement of a stenotic aortic valve reduces immediately the ventricular to aortic gradient and is expected to improve diastolic and systolic left ventricular function over the long term. However, the hemodynamic changes immediately after valve implantation are so far poorly understood. Within this pilot study, we performed an invasive pressure volume loop analysis to describe the early hemodynamic changes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with self-expandable prostheses. Invasive left ventricular pressure volume loop analysis was performed in 8 patients with aortic stenosis (mean 81.3  ye...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - December 12, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation for bicuspid aortic stenosis with tortuous aorta after total arch replacement
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - December 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Displaced urinary bladder: a sign of iliac rupture
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - November 27, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Mechanisms of drug-eluting stent restenosis
AbstractDrug-eluting stents (DES) were developed to overcome in-stent restenosis (ISR), which has long been considered the main complication limiting the long-term efficacy of coronary stenting. New-generation DES which composed of advanced stent design with and without specific biocompatible polymer contributes a reduction of the incidence of ISR to rate ranging from 5 to 10%. The precise reasons of DES restenosis are still controversial and not fully understood. Angiographic and coronary images at the index procedure, systemic status of patients, medications, and intracoronary imaging at ISR site are all considered to fi...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - November 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Distal radial approach: a review on achieving a high success rate
ConclusionThe dRA is a new approach site for PCI. Further research is warranted for the selection of suitable patients to undergo PCI through the dRA. (Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - November 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation in failed bioprosthetic surgical valves vs. native aortic stenosis: insights from a meta-analysis
AbstractThere is no meta-analysis comparing clinical outcomes between valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation for failed surgical bioprosthetic valves (ViV-TAVI) and native valve TAVI for aortic stenosis (NV-TAVI). We aimed to investigate clinical outcomes between ViV-TAVI and NV-TAVI using a meta-analysis. EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched through April 2020 to investigate the comparative outcomes between ViV-TAVI and NV-TAVI. The main outcomes were short-term (30-day/in-hospital) mortality, pacemaker implantation (PMI), life threatening and/or major bleeding, stroke, and coronary obstruction, and long-term ...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - November 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Simultaneous procedure of MitraClip and WATCHMAN implantation in a patient with atrial fibrillation and severe mitral regurgitation: the first case in Japan
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - November 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Tip detection method adapted for identification of plaque localization during directional coronary atherectomy procedure
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - November 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Influence of CYP2C19 genotypes for the effect of 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy followed by clopidogrel monotherapy relative to 12-month dual antiplatelet therapy on clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention: a genetic substudy from the STOPDAPT-2
In conclusion, for the selected patients in STOPDAPT-2 trial, CYP2C19 LOF alleles had no significant, consistent interaction with the effect of 1-month DAPT relative to 12-month DAPT for clinical outcomes, although the study was overtly underpowered.Trial registrySTOPDAPT-2 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02619760. (Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - November 12, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Contemporary coronary drug-eluting and coated stents: a mini-review
AbstractPercutaneous coronary intervention has become a standard-of-care procedure in patients with acute and chronic coronary syndromes, in which coronary stent technology is commonly used. In this mini-review article, we summarize the characteristics of contemporary coronary drug-eluting and coated stents. (Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - November 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Bailout technique for the guide extension catheter entrapment by a coronary stent
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - November 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention for bifurcation lesions: kissing balloon inflation vs. sequential dilation
The objective of this study was to assess the clinical outcomes following single crossover stent implantation with KBI or sequential dilation alone. Data were examined for 255 non-left main bifurcation lesions (246 patients) treated with single crossover stent implantation, followed by side branch (SB) strut dilation with KBI (n = 74 lesions) or sequential dilation (n = 181 lesions) in three hospitals. Target lesion revascularization (TLR) was the primary endpoint. There was no significant difference in the pre-procedural reference diameter of both the main vessel (MV) and SB between the KBI and...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - November 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Determinants and prognostic implication of periprocedural myocardial injury after successful recanalization of coronary chronic total occlusion
AbstractPeriprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) has been generally associated with major adverse cardiac events (MACE), however, limited studies addressed its clinical implications following chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). To evaluate the determinants and prognostic implication of PMI following CTO-PCI. Retrospective single-centre study of 125 consecutive patients undergoing CTO-PCI was attempted between December 2013 and December 2017. Angiographic success was achieved in 115 patients (92.0%) and cTn-I values were obtained 12 –24 h following PCI. PMI was defined as an elev...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - November 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impact of skeletal muscle mass on clinical outcomes in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement
In conclusion, low skeletal muscle mass independently predicted MACE in patients undergoing TAVR. (Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - October 31, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Unexpected EXOSEAL deployment into the vascular wall
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - October 29, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Role of acetylcholine spasm provocation test as a pathophysiological assessment in nonobstructive coronary artery disease
AbstractCoronary angiography (CAG) sometimes shows nonobstructive coronary arteries in patients with suspected angina or acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The high prevalence of nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in those patients has recently been reported not only in Japan but also in Western countries, and is clinically attracting attention. Coronary spasm is considered to be one of the leading causes of both suspected stable angina and ACS with nonobstructive coronary arteries. Coronary spasm could also be associated with left ventricular dysfunction leading to heart failure, which could be improved following th...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - October 27, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Angioscopic findings of organized thrombosis of iliac vein in patient with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - October 27, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Successful percutaneous coronary intervention for right coronary artery chronic total occlusion after Cabrol procedure and the following coronary artery bypass grafting
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - October 26, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical expert consensus document on rotational atherectomy from the Japanese association of cardiovascular intervention and therapeutics
AbstractRotational atherectomy (RA) has been widely used for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to severely calcified lesions. As compared to other countries, RA in Japan has uniquely developed with the aid of greater usage of intravascular imaging devices such as intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) or optical coherence tomography (OCT). IVUS has been used to understand the guidewire bias and to decide appropriate burr sizes during RA, whereas OCT can also provide the thickness of calcification. Owing to such abundant experiences, Japanese RA operators modified RA techniques and reported unique evidences regarding RA. Th...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - October 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impact of hemodialysis on clinical and angiographic outcomes in in-stent restenotic lesions following optical coherence tomography-guided drug-coated balloon treatment
AbstractHemodialysis (HD) is associated with a high in-stent restenosis (ISR) rate even in the second-generation era. Drug-coated balloons (DCB) generally provide excellent clinical outcomes in patients with ISR lesions. Nonetheless, safety and efficacy of DCB for ISR lesions in HD patients are largely unknown. A total of 17 centers across Japan participated in this study. Patients were eligible for the study if ISR lesions were treated with DCB. Enrolled patients were divided into 2 groups (HD and non-HD groups). Angiographic, OCT, and clinical outcomes were compared between the HD and the non-HD groups. A total of 210 pa...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - October 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Systematic review and meta-analysis of short-term outcomes with drug-coated balloons vs. stenting in acute myocardial infarction
AbstractThe role of drug-coated balloons (DCBs) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of all published studies comparing the outcomes of DCBs vs. stenting in AMI patients. Four studies with 497 patients (534 lesions) were included (three randomized controlled trials and one observational study). During a mean follow-up of 9  months (range 6–12 months), DCBs were associated with similar risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (5% vs. 4.4%; OR 1.24, 95% CI: [0.34, 4.51],p = 0.74,I2 = 35%), all-cause mortality (0.0...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - October 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical and procedure characteristics in patients treated with polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stents after coronary perforation: a CIRC-8U multicenter registry and literature review
This study aimed at identifying the clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes of patients treated with polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE)-covered stents after coronary interventions in a multicenter registry. Subjects with coronary artery perforation were selected from 31,262 consecutive patients who underwent coronary interventions in the hospital registries. Subjects were divided into two groups: those with a PTFE-covered stent implantation and those without a PTFE-covered stent implantation. Clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes were compared between the two groups. Data for 82 consecutive coronary perfor...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - October 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Refractory balloon deflation phenomenon caused by the twisted balloon lumen during transcatheter aortic valve implantation
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - October 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical factors associated with slow flow in left main coronary artery-acute coronary syndrome without cardiogenic shock
In conclusion, remodeling index was significantly associated with slow flow. Our results suggest that the remodeling index determined by IVUS would be useful to find high-risk features of slow flow in LM CA-ACS patients without CS. (Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - October 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Correction to: Efficacy of optical frequency ‑domain imaging in detecting peripheral artery disease: a single‑center open‑label, single‑arm study protocol
In the original publication of the article, the author group was published without full names and one of the co-authors ’ name was published incorrectly. The full names of author group and correct co-authors’ name are given in this Correction. (Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - September 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Rotational atherectomy facilitates percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation in calcific left anterior descending artery
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - September 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Usefulness of preprocedural dedicated computed tomography for complex case in percutaneous left atrial appendage closure
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - September 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Irreversible reversal of aortic valve leaflet during transcatheter aortic valve implantation
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Partial stent extraction 14  months after stent implantation as a complication of cutting balloon
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

What is the preferred hemostasis method for coronary angiography through the palmar artery access?
AbstractTrans-palmar catheterization has been considered to be safe and feasible and choosing a reliable hemostasis method is essential to confirm it. The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy and safety of three hemostasis approaches containing ulnar TR band, manual compression and wrist hyperextension in patients undergoing trans-palmar coronary angiography (CAG). In a non-randomized clinical trial, a total of 106 patients undergoing diagnostic CAG by tarns-palmar access were divided into three groups: ulnar TR band, manual compression and wrist hyperextension. Duration of primary hemostasis, patient satisfaction,...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Outcome of catheter directed thrombolysis for popliteal or infrapopliteal acute arterial occlusion
AbstractManagement of acute limb ischemia (ALI) due to occlusions in popliteal and infrapopliteal arteries remains a challenge. Open surgical methods and even the novel percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy devices have not shown satisfactory results in these small arteries. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the safety and efficacy of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) in this type of ALI with distal occlusion. Between April 2017 and June 2019, 22 patients with ALI secondary to popliteal or infrapopliteal occlusion were enrolled in the study. Patients with thrombosis, embolism, and thrombosed bypass graft we...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - September 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Efficacy of coronary imaging on bifurcation intervention
AbstractDuring the coronary bifurcation intervention procedure, imaging including intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography is essential to provide precise anatomy of the lesion and morphological information. This consensus document between the Korean Bifurcation Club and the Japanese Bifurcation Club summarizes practical guidelines and current evidences on lesion assessment, device selection, procedural guidance, and the optimization of bifurcation intervention by the imaging. (Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - September 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Snaring wire technique during transcatheter aortic valve replacement
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Successful Fogarty venous thrombectomy without a skin incision for organized thrombi caused by May-Thurner syndrome
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - August 31, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparison of in-hospital death following ST-elevation myocardial infarction between secondary emergency and tertiary emergency
AbstractIn most areas in Japan, patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) would be transferred to the secondary hospitals or tertiary hospitals according to the judgement of emergency medical service (EMS) staff members. We hypothesized that in-hospital outcomes would be worse in STEMI patients judged as tertiary emergency than in those judged as secondary emergency, which may support the judgement of the current EMS systems. The purpose of this study was to compare in-hospital outcomes of STEMI between patients judged as secondary emergency and those judged as tertiary emergency. We included 238 STEMI patie...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - August 29, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Successful bailout of stent graft stuck in stent occlusion lesion
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - August 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Post-dilatation of an interwoven nitinol stent using a paclitaxel-coated balloon for revascularization of complex femoro-popliteal lesions
AbstractTo evaluate technical success, safety and efficacy of post-dilatation of an interwoven nitinol stent using a paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) for revascularization of complex femoro-popliteal lesions. Thirty patients (26 male, mean age 70  ± 7 years) suffering from peripheral artery disease (PAD) (Rutherford category II–III) underwent revascularization of chronic total occlusions (n = 22, 73%) or severe stenosis (n = 8, 27%) of the femoro-popliteal segment. Mean lesion length was 251 ± 85 mm. Lesions were treated by pre-dilatation ...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - August 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes of patients treated using very short duration dual antiplatelet therapy after implantation of biodegradable-polymer drug-eluting stents: rationale and design of a prospective multicenter REIWA registry
AbstractSeveral studies have demonstrated the safety and feasibility of short (3 –6 months) and very short duration (
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - August 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Successful retrieval of dislodged classic crown on coronary orbital atherectomy
(Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics)
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - July 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research