Cardiac Complications during Pregnancy Related to Parity in Women with Congenital Heart Disease
Conclusion: The risk of severe maternal cardiac complications during pregnancy in women with congenital heart disease is low. In this largest analysis to date with a focus on parity in 307 women, the risk classification predicts the maternal outcome more than parity per se. If the first pregnancy is uneventful, the OR is 5.5 for an uneventful second pregnancy if CARPREG I and mWHO scores remain unchanged.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - July 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome: A Contemporary Review
Coronary subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS) is a rare cause of angina. It occurs in patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting and, specifically, a left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to left anterior descending artery (LAD) graft and co-existent significant subclavian artery stenosis. In this context, there is retrograde blood flow through the LIMA to LAD graft to supply the subclavian artery beyond the significant stenosis. This potentially occurs at the cost of compromising coronary artery perfusion dependent on the LIMA graft. In this review, we present a case of a middle-aged female who suffered from CSSS and r...
Source: Cardiology - July 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Searching Novel Approaches to Cardiovascular Risk: Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - July 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Rheumatic Fever Licks at the Joints, but Bites at the Heart
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - July 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Characteristics of Patients with an Abnormally Decreased Plasma Xanthine Oxidoreductase Activity in Acute Heart Failure Who Visited the Emergency Department
Conclusion: A low plasma XOR activity was associated with malnutrition, renal dysfunction, and aging in AHF. A low XOR activity complicated with renal dysfunction leads to adverse long-term outcomes.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - July 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Predictors of Contrast Volume in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
Conclusions: To predict and reduce contrast use in TAVR, patients at risk for increased contrast volume may be identified using the predictors elucidated in this study. For such patients, strategies for contrast reduction and renal protection may be employed.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - July 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Antihypertensive Efficacy of lcz696 in Hypertension
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - July 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

What We Have Learned from the European Society of Cardiology 2019 Guidelines on Supraventricular Tachycardia
Supraventricular tachycardias (SVTs) are common arrhythmic conditions in clinical practice. Increased knowledge and experience on SVTs and some unclear situations in clinical practice led the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) team to write a new guideline. In this review, we touch upon the important points in the new ESC 2019 SVT guidelines and present changing approaches and suggestions. By providing a general review on SVTs, we also mention the basic mechanism, epidemiology, and clinical presentation of SVTs, approaching narrow and wide QRS tachycardias, SVTs in special patient groups, and treatment of SVTs.Cardiology...
Source: Cardiology - July 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Heart Failure in the Time of COVID-19
Conclusion: Our study suggests that implementing an active-surveillance protocol in acutely decompensated heart failure units during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic can reduce hospital admissions, ER visits and, potentially, viral transmission, in a cohort of especially vulnerable patients.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 26, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Association of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy with Hemoglobin Levels in Nonanemic and Anemic Populations
Conclusion: The decrease in hemoglobin was significantly associated with the increased probability of LVH, and this association was found even in nonanemic subjects.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Etiology of Atrial Functional Mitral Regurgitation: Insights from Transthoracic Echocardiography in 159 Consecutive Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and Preserved Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction
Conclusions: The grading of functional MR occurring in patients with AF and preserved LVEF depends on both the LA dimension and the LV systolic dimension. The MR grading also depends on both the MA dilatation and the hamstringing phenomenon of the posterior mitral leaflet.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Frequency and Reasons of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Discontinuation and Switching of P2Y12 Inhibitors in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Treated with Stent Implantation
Conclusions: DAPT discontinuation and switching between P2Y12 inhibitors are not uncommon in patients with ACS treated with a stent. The most frequent reasons were the need for an invasive procedure and medical decisions.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - July 2, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Predictive Role of High Blood Pressure for the Incidence of Metabolic Syndrome
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - July 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Tricuspid Valve Disease: The “Forgotten Valve”
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Efficacy of Cardiac Rehabilitation with Assistance from Hybrid Assistive Limb in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Study
The hybrid assistive limb (HAL) provides motion assistance based on bioelectrical signals detected on the skin surface when muscle forces are generated. The lumbar-type HAL is expected to expand the therapeutic options for severe cardiac patients who have difficulty in moving on their own legs. We aim to compare the efficacy of exercise therapy performed with assistance from a lumbar-type HAL versus conventional training (sit-to-stand exercise without HAL) in patients with chronic heart failure. This investigation will be a randomized, nonblinded, controlled study. Sixty patients who satisfy the criteria to receive cardiac...
Source: Cardiology - June 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Left Atrial Dimension, Primary Mitral Regurgitation, and the Need of Early Surgery
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impact of Preoperative Left Atrial Dimension on Outcome in Patients in Sinus Rhythm Undergoing Surgical Valve Repair for Severe Mitral Regurgitation due to Mitral Valve Prolapse
Conclusion: LA enlargement is independently predictive of long-term mortality after MVRp in patients in SR with severe MR due to MVP. Our findings suggest that MVRp should be considered before the LA area exceeds 30 cm2.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cardiac Amyloidosis – A Devil in Disguise
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Ventricular Stability with Sacubitril-Valsartan: For the Many, Not the Few
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Gene Polymorphisms of Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase and Apolipoprotein E: Causes or Markers for Coronary Artery Disease?
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Authors ’ Reply: Clinical Implication of a V Wave in the Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure Waveform
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Caffeine Consumption and Atrial Fibrillation: A Risk Assessment
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Myokines: An Available Biomarker to Evaluate Cardiac Functions?
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Ectopic Origin of the Left Anterior Descending Artery from the Proximal Right Coronary Artery: An Imaging Report
Anomalies of the coronary arteries represent rare congenital disorders, which are characterized by a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Usually, they are asymptomatic, but sometimes they cause myocardial ischemia or sudden cardiac death. Here, we describe the case of a patient who suffered from angina. Coronary angiography revealed an ectopic origin of the left anterior descending coronary artery from the proximal trait of the right coronary artery and the left circumflex artery, originating from the left sinus; the whole coronary tree was free of atherosclerosis. To better define the coronary anatomy, we performed ...
Source: Cardiology - June 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prognostic Risk Stratification in Left Ventricular Noncompaction: Still a Long Way to Go
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

What Is the Implication of Large V Wave in Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure Waveform?
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

National Trends and Procedural Complications from Endomyocardial Biopsy: Results from the National Inpatient Sample, 2007 –2014
Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1-Induced Protein in Age-Related Atrial Fibrillation and Its Association with Circulating Fibrosis Biomarkers
Conclusion: MCPIP expression was higher in age-related AF than in the other patient groups and it was associated with AF-induced fibrosis.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Diagnostic Value of Different Noninvasive Criteria of Latent Myocarditis in Comparison with Myocardial Biopsy
Conclusion: AHA have the greatest significance in the diagnosis of latent myocarditis in patients with “idiopathic” arrhythmias and DCM. The use of a complex of noninvasive criteria allows the probability of myocarditis to be estimated and the indications for EMB to be determined.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Structural/Functional Properties of the Thoracic Ascending Aorta: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
Conclusion: In a diverse community-based cohort, moderate to severe OSA (vs. no OSA) was associated with a larger ascending AoD in women.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Long-Term Effect of Different Optimizing Methods for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients with Heart Failure: A Randomized and Controlled Pilot Study
Conclusion: While LVEDD, LVEF, 6MWD, and NYHA were significantly improved in ECHO, ECG, and QuickOpt at 6 months, there were no significant improvements in any of the groups at 12, 24, and 48 months. These findings suggested that the long-term effect of the four CRT methods for heart failure was not significantly different.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Digitalis Therapy and Risk of Recurrent Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias and ICD Therapies in Atrial Fibrillation and Heart Failure
Conclusion: Among ICD recipients suffering from AF and HF, treatment with digitalis was associated with increased rates of recurrent ventricular tachyarrhythmias and ICD therapies. However, the endpoints may also have been driven by interactions between digitalis, AF, and HF.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Functional and Anatomical Testing in Intermediate Risk Chest Pain Patients with a High Coronary Calcium Score: Rationale and Design of the FACC Study
Current guidelines do not recommend coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in patients with high levels of coronary calcium, as severe calcification leads to difficulties in estimating stenosis severity due to blooming artifacts obscuring the vessel lumen. Whether the CCTA-derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) improves the diagnostic performance of CCTA in patients with high levels of coronary calcification has not been sufficiently evaluated. We hypothesize that a noninvasive diagnostic strategy using FFRCT will perform comparably to an invasive diagnostic strategy in the detection of hemodynamically significan...
Source: Cardiology - June 6, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Unrecognized Cardiac Amyloidosis at the Time of Mitral Valve Surgery: Incidence and Outcomes
Conclusions: Over a 10-year period, incidentally detected cardiac amyloidosis occurred in 0.2% of the mitral valve surgical cases. The outcomes for these patients undergoing mitral valve surgery were excellent, with no complications or deaths attributable to surgery at a mean follow-up of 1,023 days.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 4, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

A Case-Control Study of the Association of the Polymorphisms of < b > < i > MTHFR < /i > < /b > and < b > < i > APOE < /i > < /b > with Risk Factors and the Severity of Coronary Artery Disease
Conclusion: This study revealed that the SNP site ofMTHFR C667Tis associatedwith the risk of CAD in this Chinese Han population. In addition, the genotypes ofTT inMTHFR C667T and ε4+inAPOE may increase the severity of CAD, and higher Hcy, LDL-C, and ApoE levels may be involved in this pathogenic process.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - June 4, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Addition of a β1-Blocker to Milrinone Treatment Improves Cardiac Function in Patients with Acute Heart Failure and Rapid Atrial Fibrillation
Conclusion: The addition of landiolol at doses of #x3c;3.0 µg/kg/min to milrinone improved cardiac function in decompensated chronic heart failure with rapid atrial fibrillation by selectively reducing HR.Cardiology (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - May 28, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Atrial Septal Defect Sizing and Transcatheter Closure
Cardiology 2019;142:105 –108 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prognostic of Interatrial Block after an Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Conclusion: About a quarter of patients discharged in sinus rhythm after an acute STEMI have IAB. Patients with aIAB have a poor prognosis, although this is explained mainly by the association of aIAB with age and other variables.Cardiology 2019;142:109 –115 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Optimization: A Comprehensive Approach
This article provides an updated overview of the electropathophysiology of myocardial dysfunction in ventricular conduction delay and the diagnostic approaches involving the use of multiple modalities.Cardiology 2019;142:116 –127 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Potential Drug Interactions in Critically Ill Patients: Sacubitril/Valsartan and Mexiletine
Cardiology 2019;142:81 –82 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Risk Factor Control and Lifestyle Factors in Young to Middle-Aged Adults with Newly Diagnosed Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease
Conclusion: Lifestyle in addition to traditional CVD risk factors should be taken into account when evaluating risk for development of CVD in a younger population.Cardiology 2019;142:83 –90 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Congenital Anomalies of Coronary Arteries: A Challenge in Interventional Cardiology
Cardiology 2019;142:91 –92 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Sirolimus-Eluting Magnesium Resorbable Scaffold Implantation in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction
To date, very little is known about the performance of a sirolimus-eluting bioresorbable magnesium scaffold (Mg-BRS) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A multicenter cohort analysis was performed on 69 consecutive AMI subjects treated with Mg-BRS. Procedural success was obtained in all cases, and no in-hospital events were reported. At 9-month follow-up, no cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction, ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization, or Mg-BRS thrombosis was reported. Although our analysis showed encouraging results, larger studies and longer-term follow-up are needed to better under...
Source: Cardiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Resorbable Magnesium Scaffolds in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients: “To Be or Not to Be”?
Cardiology 2019;142:97 –99 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factor and Psychosocial Distress in Younger Coronary Patients: Delineating a Comprehensive Approach for Secondary Prevention
Cardiology 2019;142:100 –101 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Endomyocardial Biopsy: Examining Indications and Trends in Use – More Native Heart Biopsies to Come?
Cardiology 2019;142:102 –104 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Medical Misinformation: Vet the Message!
Cardiology 2019;142:63 –65 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - April 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

What Is a Better Procedural Methodology for Endomyocardial Biopsy
Cardiology 2019;142:66 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - April 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Seasonality in Mortality in a Cardiology Department: A Five-Year Analysis in 500 Patients
Conclusions: In a cardiology department, there are twice as many deaths in winter as in summer. Hospitalizations also tend to be more frequent in winter than in summer.Cardiology 2019;142:67 –72 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - April 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Sex Influence on the Efficacy and Safety of Sacubitril/Valsartan
Conclusions: SV in women with HFrEF has a similar tolerability as in men. Females seem to have a more frequent functional class improvement than males.Cardiology 2019;142:73 –78 (Source: Cardiology)
Source: Cardiology - April 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research