Disparities in the Diagnosis of Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy: A Narrative Review of Current Literature.
Abstract Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is a disorder of abnormal thickening of the myocardium that affects 0.2% of the population. HOCM is a frequently implicated cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young athletes. In this manner, this condition has the capacity for tremendous emotional, social, financial, and medical burdens for families and communities across the country. Multiple factors including genetics and hormonal elements are believed to play a role in the development of this cardiomyopathy. HOCM is an autosomal dominant trait with variable expressivity. It is associated with several g...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - October 30, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Burns J, Jean-Pierre P Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Echo- and B-Type Natriuretic Peptide-Guided Follow-Up versus Symptom-Guided Follow-Up: Comparison of the Outcome in Ambulatory Heart Failure Patients.
ni FL Abstract Recent European Society of Cardiology and American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Guidelines did not recommend biomarker-guided therapy in the management of heart failure (HF) patients. Combination of echo- and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) may be an alternative approach in guiding ambulatory HF management. Our aim was to determine whether a therapy guided by echo markers of left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP), lung ultrasound (LUS) assessment of B-lines, and BNP improves outcomes of HF patients. Consecutive outpatients with LV ejection fraction (EF) ≤ 50% ...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - October 28, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bajraktari G, Pugliese NR, D'Agostino A, Rosa GM, Ibrahimi P, Perçuku L, Miccoli M, Galeotti GG, Fabiani I, Pedrinelli R, Henein M, Dini FL Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Prognostic Value of SYNTAX Score II in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndromes Referred for Invasive Management: A Subanalysis from the SPUM and COMFORTABLE AMI Cohorts.
Lüscher TF Abstract Aims: To assess the incremental prognostic value of SYNTAX score II (SxSII) as compared to anatomical SYNTAX Score (SxS) and GRACE risk score in patients with acute coronary syndromes who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods and results: SxSII and SxS were determined in 734 ACS patients. Patients were enrolled in the prospective Special Program University Medicine ACS and the COMFORTABLE AMI cohorts and later on stratified according to tertiles of SxSII (SxSIILow ≤21.5 (n=245), SxSIIMid 21.5-30.6 (n=245), and SxSIIHigh ≥30.6 (n=244). The primary endpoint of adju...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - October 26, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Obeid S, Frangieh AH, Räber L, Yousif N, Gilhofer T, Yamaji K, Jaguszewski M, Aghlmandi S, Adams J, Bockhorn Y, Templin C, Stähli BE, Jüni P, Rodondi N, Mach F, Roffi M, Windecker S, Maier W, Nietlispach F, Matter CM, Klingenberg R, Lüscher TF Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

A New and Simple Risk Predictor of Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Patients Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: TIMI Risk Index.
In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship of the baseline TRI and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: A total of 963 consecutive STEMI diagnosed patients who underwent primary percutaneous intervention were included in the study. TRI was calculated using the formula "heart rate × (age/10) 2/SBP" on admission. CIN was defined as an increase in serum creatinine concentration ≥25%, 48 hours later over the baseline. Results: Of the total of 963 patients, CIN was observed in 13% (n=128). TRI was signific...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - October 26, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kaya A, Karataş A, Kaya Y, Düğeroğlu H, Dereli S, Bayramoğlu A Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

An Overview on Image Registration Techniques for Cardiac Diagnosis and Treatment.
This study aims to provide an overview of the existing image registration methods to assist researchers and impart valuable resource for studying the existing methods or developing new methods and evaluation strategies for cardiac image registration. For the cardiac diagnosis and treatment strategy, image registration and fusion can provide complementary information to the physician by using the integrated image from these two modalities. This review also contains a description of various imaging techniques to provide an appreciation of the problems associated with implementing image registration, particularly for cardiac ...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - September 1, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Khalil A, Ng SC, Liew YM, Lai KW Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Drug-Eluting Balloons versus Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents for Treating In-Stent Restenosis in Coronary Heart Disease after PCI: A Meta-Analysis.
Conclusions: The efficacy of the DEB and second-generation DES in the treatment of ISR is comparable. However, our results need further verification through multicenter randomized controlled trials. PMID: 30155288 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - August 30, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Xiu WJ, Yang HT, Zheng YY, Ma YT, Xie X Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Painful Recall in Elective Electrical Cardioversion with Propofol and the Need for Additional Analgesia.
Conclusions: In this prospective multicenter study, propofol as a sole agent provided good conditions for ECV with a low incidence of recall. Effective sedation and complete amnesia was achieved in 98.7% of the patients, 0.4% of patients reported recall of severe pain during the procedure, and 0.9% of patients experienced mild pain during the ECV. PMID: 30140454 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - August 26, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: van Winden DFM, Westra A, Dennesen PJW, Monnink SHJ, Verdouw BC, le Kluse R Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Retracted: Coronary Angiography Safety between Transradial and Transfemoral Access.
Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/4013843.]. PMID: 30116637 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - August 19, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Practice CRA Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Validating Left Ventricular Filling Pressure Measurements in Patients with Congestive Heart Failure: CardioMEMS ™ Pulmonary Arterial Diastolic Pressure versus Left Atrial Pressure Measurement by Transthoracic Echocardiography.
Conclusions: Our study illustrates a direct linear correlation between PAdP measured by CardioMEMS and simultaneous measurement of LV filling pressures derived by echocardiography. PMID: 30116638 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - August 19, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Tolia S, Khan Z, Gholkar G, Zughaib M Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

MIF mRNA Expression and Soluble Levels in Acute Coronary Syndrome.
, Padilla-Gutiérrez JR Abstract Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) describes any condition characterized by myocardial ischaemia and reduction in blood flow. The physiopathological process of ACS is the atherosclerosis where MIF operates as a major regulator of inflammation. The aim of this study was to assess the mRNA expression of MIF gene and its serum levels in the clinical manifestations of ACS and unrelated individuals age- and sex-matched with patients as the control group (CG). All samples were run using the conditions indicated in TaqMan Gene Expression Assay protocol. Determination of MIF serum levels ...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - July 31, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Valdés-Alvarado E, Valle Y, Muñoz-Valle JF, García-Gonzalez IJ, Valdez-Haro A, Flores-Salinas HE, Pérez-Ibarra JM, Sandoval-Pinto E, Padilla-Gutiérrez JR Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

The Utility of Point of Care Test for Soluble ST2 in Predicting Adverse Cardiac Events during Acute Care of ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.
Abstract Introduction: Soluble ST2 (sST2) is increased during acute myocardial infarction. The point of care test (POCT) for sST2 is currently available. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of the sST2 POCT measurement for predicting adverse cardiac events during acute care of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Patients and Methods: This research used a cohort study design. Consecutive patients with STEMI were enrolled. Soluble ST2 level was measured from peripheral blood taken on admission with POCT. Observation during acute intensive care was conducted to record adverse cardiac eve...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - July 28, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hartopo AB, Sukmasari I, Puspitawati I Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Attributable Costs of Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation among Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery.
Conclusions: In a single-institution study in Thailand, POAF is associated with increased resource use and medical costs among patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Effective strategies to prevent POAF should be implemented to reduce its economic burden. PMID: 30050692 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - July 28, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kosuma P, Wachirasrisirikul S, Jedsadayanmata A Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Effects of Iodixanol on Respiratory Functions during Coronary Angiography and the Role of Body Composition.
Abstract Purpose: The purposes of this study are to assess the acute effects of iodixanol, an iso-osmolar contrast media, on pulmonary functions and to evaluate the body composition in order to find out its role in causing this deterioration. Methods: 35 male and 25 female patients undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography (CA) were enrolled in the study. Before CA, all patients' body compositions were evaluated by measuring their body mass indexes (BMIs) and waist-to-hip ratios (WHRs). Total body waters (TBWs), fat masses (FMs), fat-free masses (FFMs), and basal metabolism rates (BMRs) were measured via bio...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - July 23, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Guzel D, Vural MG, Akdemir R Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Thiol/Disulfide Balance in Patients with Familial Hypercholesterolemia.
Conclusions: In this study, we found that the thiol/disulfide balance in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia is disrupted in favour of disulfide. PMID: 30009049 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - July 18, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Şimşek Ö, Çarlıoğlu A, Alışık M, Edem E, Biçer CK Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Current Status of Knowledge about Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation among the University Students in the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia.
Abstract Background: Sudden cardiac arrest is a major public health problem in the world. Immediate initiation of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) significantly increased patient survival rate. Therefore, it is very important to train young people and increase public awareness of CPR for the long-term benefit of the community. Objective: We aimed at estimating the level of knowledge and attitude towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among the university students in the northern region of Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional, prospective study was conducted among the students...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - July 11, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Owaid Alsharari A, Alduraywish A, Ali Al-Zarea E, Ibrahim Salmon N, Ali Sheikh MS Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Keys to Achieving Target First Medical Contact to Balloon Times and Bypassing Emergency Department More Important Than Distance.
Abstract Background: Australian guidelines advocate primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) as the reperfusion strategy of choice for ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in patients in whom it can be performed within 90 minutes of first medical contact; otherwise, fibrinolytic therapy is preferred. In a large health district, the reperfusion strategy is often chosen in the prehospital setting. We sought to identify a distance from a PCI centre, which made it unlikely first medical contact to balloon time (FMCTB) of less than 90 minutes could be achieved in the Hunter New England health district an...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - June 30, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ezad S, Davies AJ, Cheema H, Williams T, Leitch J Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients on Hemodialysis following Drug-Eluting versus Bare-Metal Coronary Stents.
Conclusions: There were no significant differences in 30-day or 1-year major cardiovascular outcomes in HD patients undergoing PCI using the DES compared to the BMS in this high-mortality patient cohort. PMID: 29887997 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - June 13, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mohani AF, Penumetsa S, Daoulah A, Giugliano G, Lotfi A Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Improved Patient Outcomes by Normalizing Sympathovagal Balance: Differentiating Syncope-Precise Subtype Differentiation Leads to Improved Outcomes.
Abstract Syncope is difficult to definitively diagnose, even with tilt-table testing and beat-to-beat blood pressure measurements, the gold-standard. Both are qualitative, subjective assessments. There are subtypes of syncope associated with autonomic conditions for which tilt-table testing is not useful. Heart rate variability analyses also include too much ambiguity. Three subtypes of syncope are differentiated: vasovagal syncope (VVS) due to parasympathetic excess (VVS-PE), VVS with abnormal heart rate response (VVS-HR), and VVS without PE (VVS-PN). P&S monitoring (ANSAR, Inc., Philadelphia, PA) differentia...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - June 7, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: DePace NL, Bateman JA, Yayac M, Oh J, Siddique M, Acosta C, Pinales JM, Vinik AI, Bloom HL Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Arterial Stiffness in Breast Cancer Patients Treated with Anthracycline and Trastuzumab-Based Regimens.
Conclusions: Arterial stiffness measurements may predict the breast cancer survivors with higher risk for cardiovascular events earlier in the follow-up period, and necessary preventive approaches and/or treatments can be applied. PMID: 29854434 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - June 3, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yersal Ö, Eryilmaz U, Akdam H, Meydan N, Barutca S Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Transcatheter versus Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement after Previous Cardiac Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
H, Wendt D Abstract Aim: Aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with prior cardiac surgery might be challenging. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) offers a promising alternative in such patients. We therefore aimed at comparing the outcomes of patients with aortic valve diseases undergoing TAVR versus those undergoing surgical AVR (SAVR) after previous cardiac surgery. Methods and Results: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register were searched. Seven relevant studies were identified, published between 01/2011 and 12/2015, enrolling a total of 1148 patients with prior cardiac surgery...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - June 1, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shehada SE, Elhmidi Y, Öztürk Ö, Kasel M, Frangieh AH, Mourad F, Benedik J, El Bahi J, El Gabry M, Thielmann M, Jakob H, Wendt D Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Radiation Dose Optimization in Interventional Cardiology: A Teaching Hospital Experience.
This study aims to analyze the effects of different protocol settings in routine coronary angiograms, from the perspective of a large tertiary center implementing a rapid dose reduction program. Routine coronary angiograms were chosen to compare baseline levels of radiation, and the dose imparted before and after dose optimization techniques was measured. Such methods included lowering dose per pulse, fluoroscopic pulse rates, and cine acquisition frame rates. The results showed up to 63% reduction in radiation dose without adverse impact on clinical or teaching outcomes. A 10 fps/low and 5 pps/low setting wa...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - June 1, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Badawy MK, Clark T, Carrion D, Deb P, Farouque O Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Determinants of Normal Left Atrial Volume in Heart Failure with Moderate-to-Severely Reduced Ejection Fraction.
Abstract Background: Indexed left atrial volume (LAVi) is a robust predictor of adverse cardiovascular events. A minority of patients with moderate-to-severe left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction maintain normal LAVi. We followed clinical and echocardiographic parameters for at least 6 months to understand how this population is different from patients with similar systolic dysfunction and dilated left atria. Methods and Results: We searched our electronic medical records for "normal" (n=817) and "severely dilated" (n=1094) LA size and LV ejection fraction (EF) ≤ 35% ...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - June 1, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gopal D, Wang J, Han Y Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Electrocardiogram Changes of Donepezil Administration in Elderly Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease.
Conclusions: These data demonstrated that donepezil administration decreased HR, prolonged PR interval, and increased parasympathetic function without affecting QRS duration and QT intervals, suggesting that it can be used safely in elderly patients with ischemic heart disease. PMID: 29850230 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - June 1, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Wang D, Wu Y, Wang A, Chen Y, Zhang T, Hu N Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Thymoquinone Ameliorates Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity in Swiss Albino Mice by Modulating Oxidative Damage and Cellular Inflammation.
In this study, we have found that thymoquinone prevented DOX-induced cardiotoxicity by accelerating heart antioxidant defense mechanisms and down regulating the LPO levels towards normalcy in Groups C and D. The effect of doxorubicin increases the inflammatory cytokine (IL2) in Group B as compared to Group A, and it overcomes by the thymoquinone in Groups C and D. Thus, thymoquinone may have utility as a potential drug for cardiomyopathy. PMID: 29805796 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - May 31, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Alam MF, Khan G, Safhi MM, Alshahrani S, Siddiqui R, Sivagurunathan Moni S, Anwer T Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Value of the New Spline QTc Formula in Adjusting for Pacing-Induced Changes in Heart Rate.
Conclusion: The new QT correction formula is minimally impacted by HR acceleration induced by atrial or ventricular pacing. The Spline QTc minus QRS duration is an excellent method to estimate QTc in ventricular paced complexes. PMID: 29805797 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - May 31, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nouraei H, Bennett M, Rabkin S Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Preprocedural Mean Platelet Volume Level Is a Predictor of In-Stent Restenosis of the Superficial Femoral Artery Stents in Follow-Up.
Abstract Background: The mean platelet volume (MPV), the most commonly used measure of the platelet size, is a cheap and easy-to-use marker of the platelet activation. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between preprocedural MPV and other hematologic blood count parameters and in-stent restenosis in patients with superficial femoral artery (SFA) stenting. Methods and Results: The consecutive 118 patients who successfully underwent endovascular stenting of the SFA were enrolled retrospectively in the study. The mean follow-up was 23 ± 12 months. The in-stent restenosis was observed in 4...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - May 31, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Karauzum K, Bildirici U, Dervis E, Karauzum I, Baydemir C Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Assessment of Time to Hospital Encounter after an Initial Hospitalization for Heart Failure: Results from a Tertiary Medical Center.
Conclusion: Time-dependent excess days in acute care (unplanned inpatient admission, outpatient observation, and ED visit) rather than 30-day hospital inpatient readmission rate is a more realistic measure of the intensity of care required for HF patients after index admission. PMID: 29805799 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - May 31, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shammas NW, Kelly R, Lemke J, Niwas R, Castro S, Beuthin C, Carlson J, Cox M, Shammas GA, DeClerck T, Lenaghan K, Arikat S, Erickson M Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Radiofrequency Ablation versus Cryoablation in the Treatment of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation: A Meta-Analysis.
Conclusions: Our meta-analysis suggests that cryoballoon ablation provides comparable benefits with regard to freedom from atrial fibrillation at medium-term follow-up, fluoroscopy time, ablation time, operative duration, and overall complication rate in comparison to radiofrequency ablation. PMID: 29805800 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - May 31, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hachem AH, Marine JE, Tahboub HA, Kamdar S, Kanjwal S, Soni R, Kanjwal K Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Hypertension Treatment in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome and/or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Analysis of the Therapy Effectivity and the Therapeutic Inertia in Outpatient Study.
Conclusion. The study presents the real-life data concerning the difficulties in hypertension treatment in patients with concomitant metabolic syndrome and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus. sBP was controlled at 32% patients only. The study results allow evaluating the effectivity of hypertension treatment as for drug choice, decrease of sBP and dBP associated with a certain drug, a drug combination, and therapeutic inertia in these patients. PMID: 29805801 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - May 31, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Farský Š, Strišková A, Borčin M Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Plasma Chemerin Levels Are Increased in ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients with High Thrombus Burden.
l S Abstract Objective: To investigate plasma chemerin levels in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients and find out possible relationships between plasma chemerin levels and angiographic characteristics. Patients and Methods: Ninety-seven consecutive patients who presented with STEMI and underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with coronary stents were enrolled, and 30 age- and sex-matched patients with stable angina pectoris who underwent coronary angiography formed the control group. Angiographic characteristics of the patients including thrombolysis in myocardial infarction...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - May 24, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ateş AH, Arslan U, Aksakal A, Yanık A, Özdemir M, Kul S Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Right Coronary Artery Originating from the Left: Do Not Miss the Diagnosis!
Conclusions: RCA originating from the LCS was the most common form of ACAOS in our registry. The high change of misdiagnosis or underreporting of this anomaly could have biased the true prevalence. PMID: 29744224 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - May 12, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Türkoğlu S, Ünlü S, Taçoy GA, Özdemir M Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Dietary Pattern and Macronutrients Profile on the Variation of Inflammatory Biomarkers: Scientific Update.
Abstract It is known that the dietary pattern and macronutrients profile may influence the expression and secretion of inflammatory biomarkers, and the low-grade inflammation is associated with the manifestation of noncommunicable chronic diseases. Therefore, this review aimed to present and discuss the role of dietary patterns and macronutrients on the variation of inflammatory markers related to NCD risk. Scientific evidences within the last five years based on clinical trials, case-controls, cohorts, and cross-sectional studies indicate that normocaloric, carbohydrate-moderated, low-glycemic index, protein-mode...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - May 8, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Silveira BKS, Oliveira TMS, Andrade PA, Hermsdorff HHM, Rosa COB, Franceschini SDCC Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Impact of Admission Blood Glucose on Coronary Collateral Flow in Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction.
In this study, we aimed to investigate whether glucose value on admission is associated with collateral flow in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. We retrospectively evaluated 190 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of first STEMI within 12 hours of onset of chest pain. Coronary collateral development was graded according to Rentrop classification. Rentrop 0-1 was graded as poor collateral development, and Rentrop 2-3 was graded as good collateral development. Admission glucose was measured and compared between two groups. Mean admission glucose level was 173.0 ± 80.1 mg/dl i...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - May 5, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kurmus O, Aslan T, Ekici B, Baglan Uzunget S, Karaarslan S, Tanindi A, Erkan AF, Akgul Ercan E, Kervancıoglu C Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in a Cohort of Newly Diagnosed Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome.
Abstract Objectives: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess whether the 10-year risk for cardiovascular disease in newly diagnosed patients with OSAS is increased. Materials and Methods: Recently diagnosed, with polysomnography, consecutive OSAS patients were included. The Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) and the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) were used to estimate the 10-year risk for cardiovascular disease. Results: Totally, 393 individuals (73.3% males), scheduled to undergo a polysomnogra...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - May 2, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Archontogeorgis K, Voulgaris A, Nena E, Strempela M, Karailidou P, Tzouvelekis A, Mouemin T, Xanthoudaki M, Steiropoulos S, Froudarakis ME, Steiropoulos P Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Increases in Heart Rate Variability Signal Improved Outcomes in Rapid Response Team Consultations: A Cohort Study.
Conclusions: Reduced HRV, specifically VLF, appears closely related to greater severity of critical illness, identifies unsuccessful resuscitation, and can be used to identify consultations that need early ICU admission. PMID: 29686889 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - April 27, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Salahuddin N, Shafquat A, Marashly Q, Zaza KJ, Sharshir M, Khurshid M, Ali Z, Malgapo M, Jamil MG, Shoukri M, Hijazi M, Al-Ghamdi B Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Polymer-Free Ultrathin Strut Sirolimus-Probucol Coated Drug-Eluting Stents for Chronic Total Occlusions: Insights from the Coroflex ISAR 2000 Worldwide Registry.
Conclusion: Revascularizations for CTO with PF-SES are associated with low rates of TLR and MACE at 9 months with no stent thrombosis. These initial findings need to be compared with results of other new generation DES of larger studies. PMID: 29686890 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - April 27, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mahmood Zuhdi AS, Krackhardt F, Waliszewski MW, Ismail MD, Boxberger M, Wan Ahmad WA Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Plasma YKL-40 Elevation on Admission and Follow-Up Is Associated with Diastolic Dysfunction and Mortality in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction.
Abstract Objective: The aim of the study was to determine an association between the plasma YKL-40 level and echocardiographic left ventricle systolic and diastolic function parameters in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Subjects and Methods: The study included 46 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Serum brain natriuretic protein (BNP) and YKL-40 levels were analyzed on admission and after one month. Left ventricle systolic and diastolic functions and Tei index were computed by transthoracic echocardiography. Results: Plasma YKL-40 was significantly higher in patients with acute myocard...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - April 27, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pala S, Sari M, Kahveci G, Alizade E, Arslantas U, Uslu A Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

The Reliability of the Use of Serum Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin Levels in the Assessment of Renal Functions after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.
Conclusion: It has been determined that plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin levels can be reliably used for early diagnosis of kidney dysfunction in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. PMID: 29692931 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - April 27, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Balkanay OO, Göksedef D, Ömeroğlu SN, İpek G Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Permanent Atrial Fibrillation: Prevalence and Associated Factors.
This study was aimed at exploring anxiety and depression and the associated factors in patients with permanent AF. Materials and Methods. The sample of the study included 170 AF patients. Data collection was performed by the method of interview using the "Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale" (HADS) to assess anxiety and depression and a questionnaire including patients' characteristics. Results. 70% of the participants were men, and 32.4% were above 70 years old. Furthermore, 34.9% of the patients had high levels of anxiety, and 20.2% had high levels of depression. Anxiety levels were statistically significantl...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - April 21, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Polikandrioti M, Koutelekos I, Vasilopoulos G, Gerogianni G, Gourni M, Zyga S, Panoutsopoulos G Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Retracted: Subclinical Hypothyroidism and Its Association with Increased Cardiovascular Mortality.
Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/7539735.]. PMID: 29578540 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Practice CRA Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Automated Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Disease: A Review and Workflow.
Abstract Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most dangerous heart disease which may lead to sudden cardiac death. However, CAD diagnoses are quite expensive and time-consuming procedures which a patient need to go through. The aim of our paper is to present a unique review of state-of-the-art methods up to 2017 for automatic CAD classification. The protocol of review methods is identifying best methods and classifier for CAD identification. The study proposes two workflows based on two parameter sets for instances A and B. It is necessary to follow the proper procedure, for future evaluation process of automatic ...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - March 8, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mastoi QU, Wah TY, Gopal Raj R, Iqbal U Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Current Status of Sodium Bicarbonate in Coronary Angiography: An Updated Comprehensive Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review".
Corrigendum to "Current Status of Sodium Bicarbonate in Coronary Angiography: An Updated Comprehensive Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review". Cardiol Res Pract. 2018;2018:7812708 Authors: Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh S, Mirhosseini SJ, Rahimizadeh E, Ghodratipour Z, Sarrafan-Chaharsoughi Z, Dehghan AM, Lotfaliani MR, Rezaeisadrabadi M, Kayvanpour E, Sedaghat-Hamedani F, Zeriouh M, Weymann A, Sabashnikov A, Popov AF Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/690308.]. PMID: 29507813 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - March 8, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh S, Mirhosseini SJ, Rahimizadeh E, Ghodratipour Z, Sarrafan-Chaharsoughi Z, Dehghan AM, Lotfaliani MR, Rezaeisadrabadi M, Kayvanpour E, Sedaghat-Hamedani F, Zeriouh M, Weymann A, Sabashnikov A, Popov AF Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Effect of Coronary Slow Flow on Intrinsicoid Deflection of QRS Complex.
Abstract Coronary slow flow is a rare, clinically important entity observed in acute coronary syndrome. The pathophysiological mechanism is not fully elucidated. We investigated patients with chest pain who had angiographic features consistent with the coronary slow flow. One hundred ten patients were included. Electrocardiography, echocardiography, and angiography results were retrospectively noted. The mean age was 56.4. Fifty-eight were male, and fifty-two were female. The control group consisted of patients with normal angiography. Patients had higher diastolic blood pressure, lower mean ejection fraction, hig...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - March 1, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Seyis S Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Health Related Quality of Life in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure.
This study identified factors affecting health related quality of life (HRQOL) in 300 hospitalized patients with heart failure (HF). Data were collected by the completion of a questionnaire which included patients' characteristics and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ). Analysis of data showed that the median of the total score of MLHFQ was 46 and the median of the physical and mental state was 22 and 6, respectively. Also, participants who were householders or had "other" professions had lower score of 17 points and therefore better quality of life compared to patients who were civil/private employees (p
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - December 6, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Audi G, Korologou A, Koutelekos I, Vasilopoulos G, Karakostas K, Makrygianaki K, Polikandrioti M Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Subclinical Hypothyroidism and Its Association with Increased Cardiovascular Mortality.
In this report, we review the current evidence regarding the prognostic significance of subclinical hypothyroidism in heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction. PMID: 29170719 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - November 26, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Altamirano Ufion A, Zulfiqar B, Hassan A, Habibi R, Boddu P Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Falls and Fractures in the Elderly with Sinus Node Disease: The Impact of Pacemaker Implantation".
Corrigendum to "Falls and Fractures in the Elderly with Sinus Node Disease: The Impact of Pacemaker Implantation". Cardiol Res Pract. 2017;2017:3297515 Authors: Krasniqi N, Segalada D, Lüscher TF, Lippuner K, Haegeli L, Steffel J, Wolber T, Brunckhorst C, Holzmeister J, Hürlimann D, Duru F Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2012/498102.]. PMID: 29158941 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - November 22, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Krasniqi N, Segalada D, Lüscher TF, Lippuner K, Haegeli L, Steffel J, Wolber T, Brunckhorst C, Holzmeister J, Hürlimann D, Duru F Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics, Management, and Outcomes of Suspected Poststroke Acute Coronary Syndrome.
Abstract Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can complicate acute ischemic stroke, causing significant morbidity and mortality. To date, literatures that describe poststroke acute coronary syndrome and its morbidity and mortality burden are lacking. Methods: This is a single center, retrospective study where clinical characteristics, cardiac evaluation, and management of patients with suspected poststroke ACS were compared and analyzed for their association with inpatient mortality and 1-year all-cause mortality. Results: Of the 82 patients, 32% had chest pain and 88% had ischemic ECG changes; mean...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - November 15, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Biso SM, Lu M, De Venecia TA, Wongrakpanich S, Rodriguez-Ziccardi M, Yadlapati S, Kishlyansky M, Rammohan HS, Figueredo VM Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Effect of Remote Ischemic Preconditioning on Perioperative Cardiac Events in Patients Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Meta-Analysis of 16 Randomized Trials.
CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis of RCTs demonstrated that RIPC can provide cardiac and renal protection for patients undergoing elective PCI, while no beneficial effect on reducing the levels of cTnI and CRP after PCI was reported. PMID: 29062582 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Wang X, Kong N, Zhou C, Mungun D, Iyan Z, Guo Y, Yang Z Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Divorce and Severity of Coronary Artery Disease: A Multicenter Study.
In conclusion, divorce, particularly multiple divorces, is associated with severe CAD, MVD, and LMD in women but not in men. PMID: 28811952 [PubMed] (Source: Cardiology Research and Practice)
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - August 17, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Daoulah A, Al-Murayeh M, Al-Kaabi S, Lotfi A, Elkhateeb OE, Al-Faifi SM, Alqahtani S, Stewart J, Heavey J, Hurley WT, Alama MN, Faden M, Al-Shehri M, Youssef A, Alsheikh-Ali AA Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of the Effects of Carperitide and Tolvaptan on Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction: A Two-Center Retrospective Study.
Abstract In patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, diuretics can reduce blood pressure and lead to electrolyte abnormalities. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of tolvaptan (T group) and carperitide (C group) in these patients. Sixty-one consecutive patients admitted to the Iwate Prefectural Kuji Hospital or the Emergency Center of the Iwate Medical University between July 2011 and April 2015 were included in this study. These patients had acute heart failure (HF) and were initially treated with furosemide. Patients were excluded from the study if they received combined carperitide and tol...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - August 10, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Koeda C, Yamaya S, Hozawa M, Sato M, Nasu K, Takahashi T, Terui K Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research