The influence of treatment on hormone receptor subgroups and breast cancer-specific mortality within US integrated healthcare systems
ConclusionOur findings suggest that ER  + /PR− tumors may have worse breast cancer-specific mortality than ER + /PR + tumors in a community setting. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 18, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Results of the George Washington University cancer center ’s comprehensive cancer control cancer communication mentorship program and implications for future practice
ConclusionThe Mentorship Program achieved its objectives for peer networking and offering expert TA in cancer prevention and control communication, offering a promising model for others involved in supporting implementation of evidence in practice. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 17, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Healthcare utilization in cancer survivors: six-month longitudinal cohort data
ConclusionOur findings suggest that race, education, marital status, cancer type, time since diagnosis, quality of life, and self-efficacy are associated with both high healthcare utilization and delay among cancer survivors. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 16, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Factors associated with changes in exercise behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic
ConclusionA significant proportion of cancer patients experienced changes in exercise habits, especially exercising less, during the first 6  months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Age, employment status, tumor stage, health status, smoking status, and psychosocial factors were associated with changes in exercise behaviors. Our results highlight the importance of promoting physical activity guidelines for cancer survivorship during the COVID- 19 pandemic and may help improve the identification of cancer patients susceptible to exercising less. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 12, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A matched case –control study of bean intake and breast cancer risk in urbanized Nigerian women
ConclusionDietary intake of beans_alone may play a significant role in reducing the incidence of breast cancer, particularly of the more aggressive molecular subtype, triple-negative, in African women living in SSA (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 5, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Anthropometric measures and breast cancer risk among Hispanic women in Puerto Rico
ConclusionOur study provides evidence of anthropometric differences in relation to breast cancer risk in PR compared to previous studies. Future studies should include analyses of fat and lean mass distribution, and hormone receptor status to further understand anthropometry and breast cancer risk among Hispanic women. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 4, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Sociodemographic disparities in molecular testing for breast cancer
ConclusionsWhile lack of molecular testing of breast cancer patients is  relatively rare, racial/ethnic, insurance status, and age-related disparities have been identified. To reduce testing and downstream treatment and outcome disparities, it is imperative for all breast cancer patients to receive molecular testing. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 27, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A novel causal model for nasopharyngeal carcinoma
AbstractThe development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and its unique geographic distribution have long been attributed to a combination of dietary intake of salt-preserved fish, inherited susceptibility, and early-life infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). New findings from our large, rigorously designed, population-based case –control study of NPC in southern China have enabled substantial revision of this causal model. Here, we briefly summarize these results and provide an updated model of the etiology of NPC. Our new research identifies two EBV genetic variants that may be causally involved in the majority...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 19, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Dietary behavior and urinary gallic acid concentration differences among underserved elder racial and ethnic minorities in New York City
ConclusionThe observed differences in dietary behavior and UGAC in this study provide limited information on the association between demographic differences and cancer prevalence in elder racial and ethnic minorities. Future research should investigate this association further for potential implications in cancer prevention. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 19, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Correction to: Lifestyle factors and  lung cancer risk among never smokers in the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow’s Health (CanPath)
(Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 18, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Geographic hotspot detection for late-stage hepatocellular carcinoma: novel approach to cancer control
Conclusion and relevanceReducing late-stage HCC through geographic late-stage hotspots may be an efficient approach to improving cancer control and equity. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 15, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Social support and cervical cancer screening among sub-Saharan African immigrant (SAI) women
This study was conducted to examine if social support, positively associated with preventive health practices, was predictive of Pap screening in a sample of SAI women.MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional study with SAI women who recently immigrated to the US. Participants completed a survey to assess ever having had Pap screening and social support using the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey.ResultsAmong the 108 SAI women in our study, Pap screening uptake was 65.7%. Affectionate and positive social support were each associated with Pap screening [adjusted odds ratio (AOR)  = 1.73 (1.05, 2.87) and 1.68 (1....
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 15, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Prevalence of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TCAM) among adult cancer patients in Malawi
ConclusionThere is a high prevalence of TCAM use among an adult population with cancer in Malawi, and a wide variety in the TCAM modalities used among patients. Additional studies are needed to identify risks and benefits of TCAM use to assist with policy and public health, patient safety, and holistically address the global burden of cancer. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 13, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Barriers to colorectal cancer screening in Ghana: a qualitative study of patients and physicians
ConclusionSeveral community- and system-level barriers exist to widespread screening of CRC in Ghana. A multi-level approach will be required to improve rates of CRC screening and ultimately reduce the burden of CRC in Ghana. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 12, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Total, bioavailable and free 25-hydroxyvitamin D are associated with the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer
ConclusionThe current study suggested that total, bioavailable and free 25(OH)D may be reliable prognosis indicators in NSCLC patients, though the optimal 25(OH)D form for NSCLC prognosis remains to be assessed in future studies. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 11, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research