Race and overall survival in men diagnosed with prostate cancer in the Department of Defense Military Health System, 1990 –2010
ConclusionsFindings suggest that in a healthcare system designed for equal access, disparities in OS among men diagnosed with CaP may not exist. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 17, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Obstetrical and infant outcomes among women with neoplasms during pregnancy
AbstractPurposeOne in 1,000 pregnancies is complicated by malignancies. Prevalence is greater for benign neoplasms. Adverse outcomes among women with malignancies have been reported. Less is known of postpartum outcomes for infants, or outcomes among women with benign neoplasms.MethodsWe conducted a population-based cohort study using Washington State-linked vital-hospital discharge records. Women with neoplasms (707 malignant; 13,156 benign) with deliveries in 1987 –2012 were identified, and a randomly selected comparison cohort. Obstetrical/infant outcomes and rehospitalization 
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 11, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Disparities in breast cancer subtypes among women in the lower Mississippi Delta Region states
ConclusionHigher rates of triple-negative breast cancer in the Delta Region may help explain the Region ’s mortality disparity. Further, an important area of future research is to determine what unaccounted for individual-level or social area-level factors contribute to the elevated breast cancer incidence rate among Black women in the Delta Region. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 10, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Lifetime recreational physical activity and the risk of prostate cancer
ConclusionsA high level of vigorous recreational physical activity in early adulthood may be required to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 8, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Calcium intake and colon cancer risk subtypes by tumor molecular characteristics
ConclusionThe inverse association between dietary calcium intake and colon cancer risk may be specific to CIMP-negative/low and possibly non-MSI-high subtypes. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 8, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Diabetes and differences in detection of incident invasive breast cancer
AbstractMany women diagnosed with breast cancer have chronic conditions such as diabetes that may impact other health behaviors. Our purpose was to determine if breast cancer screening and detection differs among women with and without diabetes. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of a retrospective cohort of women aged 52 –74 years diagnosed with incident stages I–III breast cancer enrolled in an integrated health plan between 1999 and 2014 with linkage to the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results registry (n = 2040). Screening data were taken from electronic health records. We used...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 4, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Diabetes, obesity, and subsequent risk of postmenopausal breast cancer among white and black women in the Southern Community Cohort Study
ConclusionsWe found no evidence of the hypothesized increased risk of breast cancer among women with diabetes. The breast cancer risks among those with diabetes in this population suggest that the association between these two illnesses is complex. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 2, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Sedentary behavior after breast cancer: motivational, demographic, disease, and health status correlates of sitting time in breast cancer survivors
ConclusionsFuture work should examine the relationships between motivational, demographic, and disease predictors and objectively measured sedentary behavior over time and across different sedentary behavior domains. Understanding activity changes during and after treatment is needed to identify intervention targets and develop effective interventions. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 27, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Serum selenium and pancreatic cancer: a prospective study in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal  and Ovarian Cancer Trial cohort
ConclusionOur results do not support the hypothesis that serum selenium is associated with PCa risk. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 26, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Joints effects of BMI and smoking on mortality of all-causes, CVD, and cancer
AbstractObesity, underweight, and smoking are associated with an increased mortality. We investigated the joint effects of body mass index and smoking on all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Data of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988 –1994) including mortality follow-up until 2011 were used (n = 17,483). Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cancer mortality with BMI, smoking, and their combinations as exposure, stratified by sex. Normal weight never sm...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 25, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Joint exposure to smoking, excessive weight, and physical inactivity and survival of ovarian cancer patients, evidence from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium
ConclusionsJoint exposure to smoking, excessive weight, and physical inactivity may negatively impact survival of ovarian cancer patients. These results suggest the importance of examining the combined effect of lifestyle factors on ovarian cancer patients ’ survival. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 23, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Flavonoids and bladder cancer risk
ConclusionsOur data indicate an inverse association between isoflavones and flavones with respect to bladder cancer risk. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 22, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Placing prostate cancer disparities within a psychosocial context: challenges and opportunities for future research
AbstractBlack men are more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer compared with White men. Despite advances in prevention and treatment strategies, disparities in prostate cancer among Black men persist. While research on the causes of higher incidence and mortality is ongoing, there is limited evidence in the existing literature that clearly speaks to the potential psychological or social factors that may contribute to disparities in prostate cancer incidence. Given the lack of attention to this issue, we review scientific evidence of the ways in which social factors, including socioeconomic status and racial segrega...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 22, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The association between sleep duration and cancer-specific mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsWe observed that long sleep duration increases cancer-specific mortality for all-cancers and lung cancers, while all-cause mortality is increased for breast cancer survivors. Limitations were found within the existing literature that need to be addressed in future studies in order to improve the understanding regarding the exact magnitude of the effect between sleep duration and site-specific mortality. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 22, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Second primary lung cancer in United States Cancer Survivors, 1992 –2008
ConclusionThe incidence of SPLC in survivors of certain primary cancers greatly exceeds the rate observed in the control arm of the NLST. Further study could help determine if screening for lung cancer in these cancer survivors could prevent death from lung cancer. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 21, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Global patterns and trends in the incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma
ConclusionMarked variations in NHL incidence rates remain in populations in each world region. Special attention should be given to further etiological research on the role of endemic infections and environmental exposures, particularly in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. To permit internationally comparable statistics, an equal focus on addressing the quality of hematological information in population-based registries is also warranted. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 20, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Primary central nervous system lymphoma in patients with and without HIV infection: a multicenter study and comparison with U.S national data
AbstractPurposePrimary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) in patients living with HIV (PLWH) is a distinct entity; however, the management is adopted from patients without HIV. The study aims to examine the differences in presentation, treatment, and outcomes of PCNSL patients with or without HIV.MethodsWe retrospectively compared the characteristics of 144 patients with PCNSL with and without HIV, and analyzed factors associated with overall and progression-free survival. Results were compared to the Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS) and the National Cancer Institute ’s Surveillance, Ep...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 19, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Differences in clinicopatholgic characteristics and risk of mortality between the triple positive and ER+/PR+/HER2 − breast cancer subtypes
ConclusionsYoung age, advanced stage and grade, low SES, black and API race, and lack of health insurance are more common in the TP subtype than in the ER+/PR+/HER2 − subtype. However the risk of mortality between these two subtypes is similar. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 16, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Demographic, clinical, and geographical factors associated with lack of receipt of physician recommended chemotherapy in women with breast cancer in Texas
AbstractPurposeIdentifying demographic, clinical, and geographical factors that contribute to disparities in the receipt of physician recommended chemotherapy in breast cancer patients.MethodsThe Texas Cancer Registry was used to identify women aged  ≥ 18 years with invasive breast cancer diagnosed from 2007 to 2011 who received a recommendation for chemotherapy. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine associations between demographic and clinical factors and the receipt of chemotherapy. Cox proportional regression w as used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) for overall survival. ...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 13, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Enrollment and biospecimen collection in a multiethnic family cohort: the Northern California site of the Breast Cancer Family Registry
ConclusionsThese results show that racial/ethnic minority populations are willing to provide biospecimen samples for research, although some Asian American subgroups in particular may need more directed recruitment methods. To address long-standing and well-documented cancer health disparities, minority populations need equal opportunities to contribute to biomedical research. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 5, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Educating Latinas about cervical cancer and HPV: a pilot randomized study
This study supported the use of small media interventions in narrative education form as effective in increasing knowledge and intention to be screened for cervical cancer. The three culturally relevant interventions, built on qualitative data, were all successful in increasing knowledge. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 4, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Dietary choline and betaine intakes and risk of total and lethal prostate cancer in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
ConclusionsCholine intake was not associated with total or lethal PCa or with PCa death in men with PCa. Betaine intake was inversely associated with lethal, but not total PCa risk or with PCa death in men with PCa. Our results do not support the hypothesis that higher choline intake increases lethal PCa risk, but do suggest that higher betaine intake may be associated with lower lethal PCa risk. Further investigation with a larger number of lethal cases is needed. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 1, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Statin use after diagnosis is associated with an increased survival in esophageal cancer patients: a Belgian population-based study
ConclusionsIn this large cohort of Belgian patients with esophageal cancer, statins use after diagnosis was associated with a decreased mortality. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 28, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

“My husband says this: If you are alive, you can be someone…”: Facilitators and barriers to cervical cancer screening among women living with HIV in India
ConclusionWidespread public education is necessary to increase awareness of cervical cancer and cervical cancer screening and to encourage family members to support women who wish to obtain screening. Patient- and provider-focused interventions may facilitate the process of providing cervical cancer care to WLWH who are obtaining care in busy public healthcare systems in India. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 26, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Pre-diagnostic 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and survival in cancer patients
AbstractPurposeOur main aim was to explore whether pre-diagnostic circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) among older individuals with cancer were associated with overall and cancer-specific survival after diagnosis.DesignWe used data from the Reykjavik-AGES Study on participants (n = 4,619) without cancer at entry, when blood samples were taken for 25(OH)D standardized measurements. The association with cancer risk, all-cause- and cancer-specific mortality was assessed among those later diagnosed with cancer, comparing four 25(OH)D categories, using 50–69.9 nmol/L as t he reference cat...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 25, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Cancer incidence in the Agricultural Health Study after 20 years of follow-up
ConclusionsAlthough an overall deficit in cancer was observed, there were notable exceptions, including newly observed excesses for AML, thyroid, testicular, and peritoneal cancers. Furthermore, endotoxin exposure may, in part, account for observed lung cancer incidence deficits. Cancer incidence patterns in the AHS suggest farm exposures ’ relevance to cancer etiology. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 25, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Lifetime alcohol intake and pancreatic cancer incidence and survival: findings from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study
ConclusionsWe observed an association between lower alcohol use from an early age and improved survival following pancreatic cancer, but this finding needs to be confirmed by other studies. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 23, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome and risk of endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women: a prospective study
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that MetS may predict risk of endometrial cancer independent of obesity among women with the remaining four Mets components. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 20, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Rural –urban differences in health behaviors and outcomes among older, overweight, long-term cancer survivors in the RENEW randomized control trial
ConclusionsThe RENEW intervention reduced declines in physical health and functioning among RCS to a significantly greater extent than for urban cancer survivors. All survivors significantly improved intakes of F&V and saturated fat, and endurance exercise; however, lower percentages of rural versus urban survivors met goal suggesting that more intensive interventions may be needed for RCS. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 19, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Healthy behavioral choices and cancer screening in persons living with HIV/AIDS are different by sex and years since HIV diagnosis
AbstractPurposeThe prevalence of non-AIDS-related malignancies is on the rise among people aging with HIV population, but the evidence on healthy behaviors including cancer screening practices in this population subgroup is extremely limited. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of healthy behaviors and sex-specific cancer screening among persons living with HIV, by sex and time since HIV diagnosis.MethodsWe included 517 persons living with HIV from the Florida Cohort. Data were obtained from the baseline and follow-up questionnaires, electronic medical records, and Enhanced HIV/AIDS Reporting System. The prevalence o...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 9, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Pre-diagnostic carbohydrate intake and treatment failure after radical prostatectomy for early-stage prostate cancer
ConclusionsPre-diagnostic dietary carbohydrate intake composition and quality influence the risk of primary treatment failure for early-stage PCa. Future studies incorporating molecular aspects of carbohydrate metabolism could clarify possible underlying mechanisms. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 7, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Physiologic serum 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D is inversely associated with prostatic Ki67 staining in a diverse sample of radical prostatectomy patients
AbstractPurposeTo investigate the correlation between serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D, prostatic 25 hydroxyvitamin D, and serum 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D, and their respective associations with prostatic tumor proliferation at the time of radical prostatectomy.MethodsIn this cross-sectional analysis of 119 men undergoing radical prostatectomy, serum from whole blood and expressed prostatic fluid was collected on the day of surgery. Tumor proliferation was measured in the dominant tumor on formalin-fixed prostatectomy tissues by immunohistochemical staining for Ki67 and quantified by Aperio imaging analysis.ResultsThe sample includ...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 7, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Epidemiological trends of oropharyngeal and oral cavity squamous cell carcinomas in Northern New England, 2000 –2013
ConclusionThe overall incidence of OPSCC is increasing in Northern New England, specifically among men. Given the etiological association between OPSCC and HPV, vaccination against HPV should be effectively encouraged among the populace. The efforts on tobacco cessation, abstinence, and alcohol abuse control should be continually expanded in order to bring about a decreasing trend in OCSCC. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 7, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Food insecure cancer survivors continue to smoke after their diagnosis despite not having enough to eat: implications for policy and clinical interventions
ConclusionsFood insecurity, in addition to smoking, may hinder the progress of care and treatment, requiring the development of new policies for routine food insecurity screening among cancer survivors. Efforts should be focused on identifying food insecure cancer survivors, targeting their smoking behavior, and offering them appropriate nutritional and smoking cessation interventions. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - February 7, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

First-year weight loss with androgen-deprivation therapy increases risks of prostate cancer progression and prostate cancer-specific mortality: results from SEARCH
ConclusionsOur results suggest that weight loss following ADT initiation in men who have undergone RP is a poor prognostic sign. If confirmed in future studies, testing ways to mitigate weight loss post-ADT may be warranted. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - January 30, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Rapid increase in endometrial cancer incidence and ethnic differences in New Zealand
AbstractPurposeEndometrial cancer accounts for 3.9% of all female cancers globally, and its incidence appears to be increasing in women under 40  years of age. This paper investigated ethnic-specific trends in endometrial cancer across different age groups in New Zealand.MethodsWomen who were diagnosed with endometrial cancer between 1996 and 2012 were identified from the New Zealand Cancer Registry. Annual age-standardized incidence and mortality rates were calculated for each ethnicity (M āori, Pacific, and non-Māori non-Pacific) in four age groups (
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - January 22, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of dual tobacco use in cancer survivors
This study examined prevalence and correlates of tobacco use among cancer survivors who were never, current, and former cigarette users. Tobacco-related behaviors and quitting attitudes were compared between survivors dually using cigarettes and electronic cigarettes (ECs) and cigarette-only users.MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, patients at Mid-South cancer centers (n = 629; 50.4% never, 17.8% current, and 31.8% former cigarette users) responded to an anonymous questionnaire about tobacco-related behaviors and quitting attitudes.ResultsAmong current cigarette users, 27.7% reported using two or more toba...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - January 22, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Body mass index modifies bladder cancer risk associated with low estrogen exposure among Egyptian women after menopause
ConclusionBody mass index appears to modify bladder cancer risk in Egyptian women after menopause by slightly enhancing the risk associated with low estrogen exposure among the obese only. Longitudinal studies of the BMI role in bladder malignancy in this distinctive population are required. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - January 21, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Predictors of breast cancer mortality among white and black women in large United States cities: an ecologic study
ConclusionsOur ecologic analysis found that predictors of breast cancer mortality differ for the black and white rate. The results of this analysis could help inform interventions at the local level. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - January 17, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Trends in lobular carcinoma in situ management: endocrine therapy use in California and New Jersey
ConclusionsWe observed that an increasing proportion of women are using ET for LCIS management, but geographical differences exist. Health insurance status played an important role in the underutilization of ET. Further research is needed to assess patient outcomes given the variations in management of LCIS. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - January 17, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Be-Well Study: a prospective cohort study of lifestyle and genetic factors to reduce the risk of recurrence and progression of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer
ConclusionsThe Be-Well Study will be able to answer novel questions related to diet, other lifestyle, and genetic factors and their relationship to recurrence and progression among early-stage bladder cancer patients. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - January 17, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Trends in mammography, hormone replacement therapy, and breast cancer incidence and mortality in Canadian women
ConclusionRates of mammography use over time do not necessarily reflect national guideline releases or establishment of organized screening programs. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - January 14, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Differences in race, molecular and tumor characteristics among women diagnosed with invasive ductal and lobular breast carcinomas
ConclusionsWhile histology is strongly associated with molecular characteristics, histologic associations with age, race, size, grade, and stage persisted after restricting to Luminal A subtype. Histology may continue to be clinically relevant among Luminal A breast cancers. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - January 8, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Active and secondhand smoke exposure throughout life and DNA methylation in breast tumors
ConclusionExposure to tobacco smoke may contribute to breast carcinogenesis via alterations in DNA methylation. Further studies in a larger panel of genes are warranted. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - January 7, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Comprehensive cancer control in the U.S.: summarizing twenty years of progress and looking ahead
AbstractIn order to celebrate the accomplishments of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ’s (CDC) National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program (NCCCP), the Comprehensive Cancer Control National Partners (CCCNP) developed this Special Issue on Cancer Causes and Control. This, the third Special Issue on Comprehensive Cancer Control (CCC), is a reflection of 20 years of building succes sful partnerships to prevent and control cancer; planning and implementing strategic cancer control; collaborating to address national cancer prevention and control priorities; evaluating efforts; sharing successes; and, ...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - December 19, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The association between longer relative leukocyte telomere length and risk of glioma is independent of the potentially confounding factors allergy, BMI, and smoking
ConclusionsIn this Swedish glioma case –control cohort, we identified that long rLTL increases the risk of glioma, an association not confounded by allergy, BMI, or smoking. This highlights the complex interplay of the immune system, rLTL and cancer risk. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - December 17, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Cancer control planning: self-assessment for pre-planning, development, implementation and evaluation of national cancer control plans
This article describes the process by which a tool developed by the International Cancer Control Partnership (ICCP) helps coun tries and international partners assess their efforts to develop and implement a NCCP. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - December 15, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Identifying optimal approaches to scale up colorectal cancer screening: an overview of the centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) ’s learning laboratory
AbstractUse of recommended screening tests can reduce new colorectal cancers (CRC) and deaths, but screening uptake is suboptimal in the United States (U.S.). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded a second round of the Colorectal Cancer Control Program (CRCCP) in 2015 to increase screening rates among individuals aged 50 –75 years. The 30 state, university, and tribal awardees supported by the CRCCP implement a range of multicomponent interventions targeting health systems that have low CRC screening uptake, including low-income and minority populations. CDC invited a select subset of 16 CR...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - December 14, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

CYP2D6-inhibiting medication use and inherited CYP2D6 variation in relation to adverse breast cancer outcomes after tamoxifen therapy
ConclusionsThese results are consistent with the relatively few other large, population-based studies conducted to date that have not observed an increased risk of adverse BC outcomes associated with CYP2D6 inhibition. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - December 12, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Reproductive and menopausal factors and risk of second primary breast cancer after in situ breast carcinoma
ConclusionsResults from this study suggest that reproductive factors may play a role in development of a second primary breast cancer after diagnosis of in situ breast carcinoma. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - December 11, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research