Sex differences in associations between birth characteristics and childhood cancers: a five-state registry-linkage study
AbstractBackgroundThere is a well-recognized male excess in childhood cancer incidence; however, it is unclear whether there is etiologic heterogeneity by sex when defined by epidemiologic risk factors.MethodsUsing a 5-state registry-linkage study (casesn = 16,411; controlsn = 69,816), we estimated sex-stratified odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) between birth and demographic characteristics for 16 pediatric cancers. Evidence of statistical interaction (p-interaction   50% of cases for all cancers, except Wilms tumor (49.6%). Sex interacted with a number of ris...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 23, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Theory, methods, and operational results of the Young Women ’s Health History Study: a study of young-onset breast cancer incidence in Black and White women
ConclusionsResults from the successfully established YWHHS should expand our understanding of young-onset BC etiology overall and by tumor type and identify sources of racial and socioeconomic inequities in BC. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 22, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Is it ‘cancer prevention’ or ‘risk reduction’? #Wordsmatter
AbstractIn this commentary, we examine whether we should reconsider the widespread use of the words ‘cancer prevention’ and replace them with the words ‘cancer risk reduction’. Our recommendation is because ‘risk reduction’ more accurately reflects what we know from cancer research, but more importantly recognizes the confusion and potential harm to patients from the inaccurate use of the words ‘cancer prevention’. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 21, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Financial hardship is associated with lower uptake of colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer screenings
ConclusionAssociations between financial hardship and cancer screening suggest the need to reduce barriers to cancer screening even among patients who have access to healthcare. Future research should explore barriers related to both healthcare and personal costs. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 20, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Cannabis use is associated with patient and clinical factors in a population-based sample of colorectal cancer survivors
This study aimed to characterize patient and clinical factors associated with cannabis (marijuana) use among patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC).MethodsWe identified CRC patients, diagnosed from 2016 to 2018, using the Seattle-Puget Sound Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) cancer registry. CRC patients were recruited via mail and telephone, and participants completed a questionnaire eliciting information on medical history, demographics, and lifestyle factors, including cannabis use. Cancer stage was obtained from SEER registry data.ResultsOf 1,433 survey respondents, 339 (24%) were current cann...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 14, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Lower disease control rates and survival outcomes among Blacks with pharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas compared with Whites: a retrospective analysis at the University of Florida
AbstractDisparate clinical outcomes for pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) of the oropharynx (OPSCC) and hypopharynx (HPSCC) have been observed in Black compared with White patients. Higher tobacco and alcohol use has been associated with decreased survival in Black patients with PSCC. Higher human papilloma virus (HPV) infection rates, associated with specific subsites of the oropharynx, are linked to improved overall survival (OS). Using an institutional cohort of Black and White patients with PSCC, we performed a retrospective analysis using multiple disease endpoints including local control (LC), local –re...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 14, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Challenges related to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake in Minnesota: clinician and stakeholder perspectives
ConclusionEmphasizing the HPV vaccine ’s cancer prevention benefits and prioritizing it among healthcare stakeholders were the most consistently cited strategies for promoting HPV vaccine uptake. Methods to combat the negative influence of misinformation about HPV vaccines in social media are an urgent priority. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 10, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Prostate cancer survival in sub-Saharan Africa by age, stage at diagnosis, and human development index: a population-based registry study
ConclusionsWe found poor survival of SSA prostatic tumor patients, as well as high proportions of late stage presentation, which are associated with inferior outcome. This calls for investment in health-care systems and action regarding projects to raise awareness among the population to achieve earlier diagnosis and improve survival. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 10, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Leading cancers contributing to educational disparities in cancer mortality in the US, 2017
ConclusionEfforts to reduce smoking, particularly among persons with less education, would contribute substantially to reducing educational disparities in lung cancer and overall cancer mortality. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 9, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Pre-diagnosis neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and mortality in individuals who develop lung cancer
ConclusionOur findings suggest that increased mdNLR, representing a systemic inflammatory profile on average 4.5  years before a SCLC diagnosis, may be associated with mortality in heavy smokers who go on to develop SCLC but not NSCLC. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 8, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Development and validation of the MARA scale in Spanish to assess knowledge and perceived risks and barriers relating to breast cancer prevention
ConclusionThe MARA questionnaire represents a valid, reliable tool for assessing Spanish women ’s knowledge, risks, perceptions, and barriers regarding breast cancer. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 8, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Survival disparities among recently diagnosed Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cancer patients in Australia remain
ConclusionAlthough survival has increased over time, the lack of improvement in the disparity in cancer survival experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cancer patients highlights the urgent need to better understand the multifaceted and completed factors that underlie this gap to guide targeted, evidence-based interventions and support their implementation across the health sector. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 6, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Medication use and risk of proximal colon cancer: a systematic review of prospective studies with narrative synthesis and meta-analysis
ConclusionDespite some studies on NSAID or HRT use, evidence on the impact of a range of medications on proximal colon cancer risk is limited. This highlights the need for more research to inform chemoprevention strategies. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 5, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Physical activity in relation to circulating hormone concentrations in 117,100 men in UK Biobank
ConclusionOur results suggest that the associations of physical activity with the hormones investigated are, at most, modest; and following adjustment for BMI, the small associations with SHBG and total testosterone were largely attenuated. Therefore, it is unlikely that changes in these circulating hormones explain the associations of physical activity with risk of cancer either independently or via BMI. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 3, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Racial disparities in routine health checkup and adherence to cancer screening guidelines among women in the United States of America
This study examined the previously understudied associations between routine health checkup, cervical cancer screening, and breast cancer screening by race/ethnicity using the national representative sample of women.MethodsData were obtained from three cycles (2017, 2018, and 2019) of the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) (n = 12,227). Survey-weighted logistic regressions were evaluated to assess associations between routine health checkup and cervical and breast cancer screening compliance with the established guidelines with the age criteria and frequency of screening by race/ethnicity (Blac...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 3, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A sequential explanatory study of the employment experiences of population-based breast, colorectal, and prostate cancer survivors
ConclusionsThis study characterized employment changes among a diverse group of cancer survivors. Work accommodations were identified as a specific unmet need, particularly among low-income cancer survivors. Addressing changes in employment among specific groups of cancer survivors and caregivers is critical to mitigate potential long-term consequences of cancer. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 27, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Examining the etiology of early-onset breast cancer in the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow ’s Health (CanPath)
ConclusionsIn this study, measures of adiposity, pregnancy history, and familial history of breast cancer are important risk factors for early-onset breast cancer. Evidence was insufficient to conclude if smoking, alcohol intake, fruit and vegetable consumption, and physical activity are meaningful risk factors.  The results of this study could inform targeted primary and secondary prevention for early-onset breast cancer. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 25, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Changes in colorectal cancer knowledge and screening intention among Ohio African American and Appalachian participants: The screen to save initiative
AbstractAfrican Americans and Appalachians experience greater incidence and mortality rates of colorectal cancer due to factors, such as reduced prevalence of screening. An educational session (the Screen to Save Initiative) was conducted to increase intent to screen for colorectal cancer among African Americans and Appalachians in Ohio. Using a community-based approach, from April to September 2017, 85 eligible participants were recruited in Franklin County and Appalachia Ohio. Participants completed a knowledge assessment on colorectal cancer before and after participating in either an educational PowerPoint session or a...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 24, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Longer time-to-treatment but better survival for colorectal cancer patients presumptively not diagnosed in a hospital
ConclusionsThese observations warrant further research to understand whether there are potentially modifiable factors associated with the diagnosing location that can be used to benefit patient treatment trajectory and survival. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 23, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Changing incidence and projections of thyroid cancer in mainland China, 1983 –2032: evidence from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents
ConclusionThe increasing trend of thyroid cancer in mainland China will cause a great burden in the future. In addition to the potential impact of improvement in medical diagnostics, potential exposure to risk factors have played a role in the observed rising trend. Further population-based epidemiologic studies are required to identify risk factors to aid in thyroid cancer prevention and control. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 21, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Colorectal cancer screening in African Americans: are we following the guidelines?
ConclusionThe recommendation for earlier colorectal screening of African Americans has not yet resulted in increased test utilization. These results emphasize the need for multidisciplinary actions to inform and implement public health policy. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 18, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Using the health belief model to assess racial/ethnic disparities in cancer-related behaviors in an NCI-designated comprehensive cancer center catchment area
ConclusionThis analysis presents a better understanding of how HBM factors may influence health disparities in the cancer center ’s catchment area. Results describe the needs of community members from racial and ethnic minority groups, which will inform future research, education, outreach, and service activities. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 16, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Risk factors for early-onset colorectal cancer: a population-based case –control study in Ontario, Canada
AbstractPurposeThere has been an alarming increase in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence among young adults aged  
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 13, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Geographic clustering of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma in New Jersey: an exploratory analysis using residential histories
AbstractPurposeCutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Previous studies have reported geographic clustering of CTCL based on the residence at the time of diagnosis. We explore geographic clustering of CTCL using both the residence at the time of diagnosis and past residences using data from the New Jersey State Cancer Registry.MethodsCTCL cases (n = 1,163) diagnosed between 2006–2014 were matched to colon cancer controls (n = 17,049) on sex, age, race/ethnicity, and birth year. Jacquez's Q-Statistic was used to identify temporal clustering of cases compared...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 12, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Association between weight cycling and risk of kidney cancer: a prospective cohort study and meta-analysis of observational studies
ConclusionFrequent substantial weight cycling was associated with increased risk of kidney cancer, independent of BMI. Our study suggests that weight cycling may be an important risk factor for kidney cancer. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 5, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Differences in survival among multiple myeloma patients in the United States SEER population by neighborhood socioeconomic status and race/ethnicity
ConclusionThese results suggest that the influence of both SES and race/ethnicity should be considered when considering interventions to remedy disparities in MM survival. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 5, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Long-term residential exposure to air pollution and Hodgkin lymphoma risk among adults in Denmark: a population-based case –control study
ConclusionResidential exposure to ambient air pollution does not seem to increase the risk of developing Hodgkin lymphoma. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 29, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A pilot study of a culturally-appropriate, educational intervention to increase participation in cancer clinical trials among African Americans and Latinos
This study investigated the effect of a culturally-appropriate, educational program on knowledge, trust in medical researchers, and intent for clinical trial participation among African Americans and Latinos in Middle Tennessee.MethodTrained community health educators delivered a 30-min presentation with video testimonials to 198 participants in 13 town halls. A pre-post survey design was used to evaluate the intervention among 102 participants who completed both pre- and post-surveys one to two weeks after the session.ResultsPaired-samplet-test showed significant increases in unadjusted mean scores for knowledge (p 
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 27, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Are care experiences associated with survival among cancer patients? An analysis of the SEER-CAHPS data resource
This study evaluates relationships between care experiences and survival using a large, nationally representative sample of canc er patients.MethodsWe used linked SEER (Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results) –CAHPS (Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems) data to identify people diagnosed 8/2006–12/2013, focusing on 10 solid tumor cancer sites with the highest mortality rates among those >  65. CAHPS measures included 5 global ratings and 3 composite scores. We used survey-weighted Cox proportional hazard models comparing survival time for those who had lower (0–8) vs...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 27, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Effects of fertility on breast cancer incidence trends: comparing France and US
ConclusionsBased on these trend analyses, changes in fertility rate trends do not fully explain the increase incidence in breast cancer seen in both France and the US, nor the magnitude of difference between the two countries. This was seen overall and in age-specific groups.Graphic abstract (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 27, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The role of testosterone replacement therapy and statin use, and their combination, in prostate cancer
ConclusionsPre-diagnostic use of TTh or statins, independent or in combination, was inversely associated with aggressive PCa, including in NHW and Hispanics men, but was not with PCSM. The findings for use of statins with aggressive PCa are consistent with cohort studies. Future prospective studies are needed to explore the independent inverse association of TTh and the combined inverse association of TTh plus statins on fatal PCa. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 26, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Be Well Communities ™: mobilizing communities to promote wellness and stop cancer before it starts
AbstractPurposeIncreasingly, cancer centers are delivering population-based approaches to narrow the gap between known cancer prevention strategies and their effective implementation. Leveraging successful healthy community initiatives, MD Anderson developed Be Well Communities ™, a model that implements evidence-based actions to directly impact people’s lives.MethodsIn partnership with local organizations, MD Anderson ’s Be Well Communities team executed and evaluated 16 evidence-based interventions to address community priorities in healthy diets, physical activity, and sun safety. Evaluation included a...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 26, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Prospective study of sleep duration and glioma risk
ConclusionSleep duration was not associated with incident glioma in either the UKB or the NHS/HPFS cohorts. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 20, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Trends in Esophageal Cancer Mortality and Stage at Diagnosis by Race and Ethnicity in the United States
We examined United States trends in esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) mortality and stage at diagnosis by race and ethnicity.MethodsWe used Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data to identify individuals with histologically confirmed EAC and ESCC between 1 January 1992 and 31 December 2016. For both EAC and ESCC, we calculated age-adjusted mortality and the proportion presenting at each stage by race/ethnicity, sex, and year. We then calculated the annual percent change (APC) in each indicator by race/ethnicity and examined changes over time.ResultsThe study inclu...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 18, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Association between pre-diagnostic circulating adipokines and colorectal cancer and adenoma in the CLUE II cohort
ConclusionIn this study, leptin and adiponectin were not associated with colorectal carcinogenesis and thus do not appear to underlie the association between obesity and colorectal carcinogenesis. sTNFR2, which we measured as a correlate of TNF- α, was positively associated with CRC in men adjusting for BMI, suggesting that TNF-α may influence colorectal carcinogenesis independent of adipocyte production. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 17, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Disparities in HPV knowledge by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic position: Trusted sources for the dissemination of HPV information
AbstractPurposeTo examine the differences in HPV and HPV vaccine awareness, knowledge, and beliefs by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic position (SEP) among a national sample of non-Hispanic whites (NH-Whites), non-Hispanic Blacks (NH-Blacks), and Hispanics in the United States. We also examine differences in trusted health information sources by race/ethnicity and SEP.MethodsData were obtained from the Health Information National Trends Survey, Cycle 1, conducted from January to April 2017. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, multivariate logistic regression, and listwise deletion were used to examine HPV and HPV v...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 17, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Prostate cancer knowledge gaps among community stakeholders in rural Nigeria: implications for seeking screening
ConclusionStakeholders ’ knowledge of PCa and PCa screening should be improved by educating them and developing integrative community engagement strategies. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 15, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Cervical cancer screening among sexual minority women: findings from a national survey
ConclusionMany SMW are not being screened for cervical cancer according to guidelines. Findings can inform efforts to improve screening among this population. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 13, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Association between cytoreductive nephrectomy and survival among patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving modern therapies: a systematic review and meta-analysis examining effect modification according to systemic therapy approach
ConclusionIn observational datasets, we observed a larger survival benefit to CN in patients treated with IO-based regimens versus those treated with TT-based regimens. While the role of CN for patients receiving TT has recently been questioned, this suggests that the results of CARMENA do not necessarily preclude a benefit to CN when combined with IO-based regimens. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 8, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Staff and participant perceptions of optimal recruitment and retention strategies for biomedical cohort studies in the Caribbean
ConclusionWell-functioning research teams using traditional and social media promotion, applying gender-appropriate and personalized approaches together with strategies for reaching the less accessible socioeconomic groups, are effective for recruiting and retaining members of a Caribbean cohort. These strategies may also enhance the recruitment of other Black populations in the Diaspora including the US and Caribbean into biomedical studies including cancer research. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 7, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Dietary inflammatory index and risk of colorectal adenoma: effect measure modification by race, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cigarette smoking and body mass index?
ConclusionNSAIDs use and race may modify the diet-CRA association. Further investigation in prospective cohort studies is warranted to confirm these findings. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 29, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Risk of breast cancer in relation to dietary intake of selenium and serum selenium as a marker of dietary intake: a prospective cohort study within The Malm ö Diet and Cancer Study
ConclusionOur findings suggest that there is no overall association between selenium intake, or a combination of intake and serum levels, and breast cancer risk. Finally, our results showed a poor correlation between estimated selenium intake and serum selenium. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 29, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Arguments in favor of and against the HPV vaccine school-entry requirement in Puerto Rico: a content analysis of newspaper media
ConclusionUnderstanding reasons people support or oppose an HPV vaccine school-entry requirement is important for the policy processes to be successful. Education efforts must continue to change the HPV vaccine narrative. Messages should be crafted to educate and gain support among parents and stakeholders towards this population-based cancer prevention strategy. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 28, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Correction to: The incidence of  skin melanoma in Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain) is lower than expected in Southern Europe despite high-risk environmental conditions: an island-wide cross-sectional study
A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-021-01437-x (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 28, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Parental occupation and childhood germ cell tumors: a case –control study in Denmark, 1968–2016
AbstractPurposeTo examine associations between parental occupation and childhood germ cell tumors (GCTs) in offspring while distinguishing by common histologic subtype (i.e., yolk sac tumor and teratoma).MethodsThis population-based case –control study included childhood GCT cases in Denmark diagnosed 1968–2015 (
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 28, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Symposium report: breast cancer in India —trends, environmental exposures and clinical implications
ConclusionThere was consensus that the prevalence of late-stage BC and the high BC mortality rates are associated with the practice of detection, which is primarily through clinical and self-breast exams, as opposed to mammography. Triple-Negative BC (TNBC) was extensively discussed, including TNBC etiology and potential risk factors, the limited treatment options, and if reported TNBC rates are supported by rigorous scientific evidence. The Think Tank session yielded long-term and short-term goals to further BC reduction in India and included more regional etiological studies on environmental exposures using existing Indi...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 28, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The implementation of a national paediatric oncology protocol for neuroblastoma in South Africa
ConclusionThe implementation of the national NB protocol demonstrated the complexity of the implementation of a national childhood cancer treatment protocol. However, standardised paediatric cancer treatment protocols based on local expertise and resources in limited settings are feasible. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 21, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Birth characteristics and childhood leukemia in Switzerland: a register-based case –control study
ConclusionThis register-based case –control study adds to the existing evidence of a positive association between high birth weight and risk of childhood leukemia. Furthermore, it suggests children from multiple births are at an increased risk of leukemia. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 20, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Risk factors for contralateral breast cancer in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
ConclusionsThis study suggests that clinical characteristics of the first breast cancer and family history of breast cancer, but not pre-diagnosis lifestyle and reproductive factors, are strongly associated with CBC risk among postmenopausal women. Future studies are needed to understand how these factors contribute to CBC etiology and to identify further opportunities for prevention. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 20, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Occupational exposure to pesticides and central nervous system tumors: results from the CERENAT case –control study
DiscussionThese data support some previous findings regarding the potential role of occupational exposures to pesticides in CNS tumors, both inside and outside agriculture. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 19, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research