Childhood diet and growth in boys in relation to timing of puberty and adult height: the Longitudinal Studies of Child Health and Development
AbstractPurposeTo begin to explore the possible roles of childhood diet and growth in prostate cancer (PCa) development, we investigated these exposures in relation to two known/suspected PCa risk factors, earlier pubertal timing and greater attained height, in the Longitudinal Studies of Child Health and Development.MethodsWe used biannual/annual height, weight, and dietary history data to investigate childhood diet, body mass index (BMI), birth length, and childhood height in relation to PCa risk factors (age at peak height velocity (APHV), height at age 13, and adult height) for 64 Caucasian American boys.ResultsIn adju...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - August 14, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Indoor tanning and the risk of developing non-cutaneous cancers: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionWhen controlling for sun exposure, indoor tanning does not protect against solid non-cutaneous cancers and may increase the risk of some hematologic malignancies. Given the well-established relationship with skin cancer and potential relationship with hematologic malignancies, efforts to reduce the use of indoor tanning devices should continue. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - August 11, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Temporal reliability of serum soluble and endogenous secretory receptors for advanced glycation end-products (sRAGE and esRAGE) in healthy women
ConclusionOur results indicate that a single measurement of serum sRAGE and esRAGE is a sufficiently reliable measure of their usual levels that can be used in epidemiologic studies. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - August 11, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Racial variation in receipt of quality radiation therapy for prostate cancer
AbstractPurposeRacial disparities are apparent in the management and outcomes for prostate cancer; however, disparities in compliance to quality measures for radiation therapy for prostate cancer have not been previously studied. Therefore, the goal of the study was to characterize disparities in the compliance rates with quality measures.MethodsThe comparative effectiveness analysis of radiation therapy and surgery study is a population-based, prospective cohort study that enrolled 3708 men with clinically localized prostate cancer from 2011 to 2012. Compliance with 5 radiation-specific quality measures endorsed by nation...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - August 11, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The relationship between diabetes, prostate-specific antigen screening tests, and prostate cancer
ConclusionsOur findings provide additional evidence that detection bias is likely contributing to the lower rates of low- and intermediate-grade prostate cancers. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - August 9, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Interaction between known risk factors for head and neck cancer and socioeconomic status: the Carolina Head and Neck Cancer Study
We examined this using the North Carolina Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Study, a population-based case –control study. Incident cases of SCCHN from North Carolina between 2002 and 2006 (n = 1,153) were identified and age, sex, and race-matched controls (n = 1,267) were selected from driver license records. SES measures included household income, educational attainment, and health insurance. Logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Current smoking was more strongly associated with SCCHN among those households making  $5...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - August 1, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Physical activity and mammographic density in an Asian multi-ethnic cohort
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that the beneficial effects of physical activity on breast cancer risk may not be measurable through mammographic density. Future research is needed to identify appropriate biomarkers to assess the effect of physical activity on breast cancer risk. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 30, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The influence of neighborhood socioeconomic status and ethnic enclave on endometrial cancer mortality among Hispanics and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders in California
ConclusionsMortality risk varied by nSES and ethnic enclave among Hispanics and AAPIs. Women living in lower SES communities experienced significantly higher risk, highlighting the need to identify the specific neighborhood factors underlying these associations so that community-based interventions may be properly targeted. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 28, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

C-reactive protein concentration and risk of selected obesity-related cancers in the Women ’s Health Initiative
ConclusionsThe results of this study suggest that elevated CRP is not a major risk factor for these obesity-related cancers (ovarian or kidney cancers, or multiple myeloma) among postmenopausal women. Given the importance of elucidating the mechanisms underlying the association of obesity with cancer risk, further analysis with expanded biomarkers and in larger or pooled prospective cohorts is warranted. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 25, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Cancer diagnoses among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults: results from the 2013 –2016 National Health Interview Survey
This study used data on 129,431 heterosexual adults and 3,357 lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults in the 2013 –2016 National Health Interview Survey. Logistic regression models compared the prevalence of cancer diagnoses by sexual orientation while controlling for demographics, socioeconomic status, and health profiles. Then, using coefficients from fully adjusted models, we estimated average marginal eff ects to compare the probability of a cancer diagnosis by sexual orientation across five age categories.ResultsAfter controlling for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, gay men (odds ratio [OR] 1.54; 9...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 24, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Incidence of primary liver cancer in American Indians and Alaska Natives, US, 1999 –2009
ConclusionsFindings highlight disparities in liver cancer incidence between AI/AN and white populations and emphasize opportunities to decrease liver cancer risk factor prevalence. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 20, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Metformin use and incidence cancer risk: evidence for a selective protective effect against liver cancer
ConclusionsIn this large cohort study that accounted for time-related biases, we observed no association between the use of metformin and most cancers; however, we found a strong inverse association between metformin and liver cancer. Randomized trials of metformin for prevention of liver cancer would be useful to verify these observations. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 18, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Using hospital medical record data to assess the accuracy of the SEER Los Angeles Cancer Surveillance Program for initial treatment of prostate cancer: a small pilot study
ConclusionThe SEER data were highly sensitive and has a high positive predictive value for surgery and radiation therapy but underreported use of active surveillance. These results may assist researchers in understanding the strengths and weaknesses of using SEER prostate cancer treatment data. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 18, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Increased inflammatory potential of diet is associated with increased odds of prostate cancer in Argentinian men
We examined the association between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) and PrCA in a population-based case –control study in Córdoba, Argentina. A total of 153 incident cases of PrCA and 309 controls frequency matched on sex, age (± 5 years), and place of residence were recruited from 2008 to 2015. The DII was developed to determine the inflammatory potential of individuals’ diets and was comput ed from a validated food frequency questionnaire using nutrient data from diet only. Multi-level logistic regression models were fit to evaluate the association between DII scores and Pr...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 17, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A randomized trial of mailed HPV self-sampling for cervical cancer screening among ethnic minority women in South Florida
ConclusionMailed HPV self-sampling is an effective strategy to increase cervical cancer screening among underserved immigrant and ethnic minority women. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 11, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Racial differences in maternal and umbilical cord blood leukocyte telomere length and their correlations
We examined racial differences in telomere length in maternal and umbilical cord blood from male neonates, and maternal –neonate correlations to generate hypotheses.MethodsBlack and white pregnant women were recruited in 2006 –2007 and followed to postpartum. Data came from questionnaires and medical records. Relative telomere length was measured by qPCR in leukocyte DNA. We estimated mean telomere length in mothers and neonates (n = 55 pairs) using linear regression and maternal–cord blood Spearman correlations, overall and by race.ResultsBlack mothers had shorter age- and plate-adjusted te...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 6, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Breast cancer awareness in the sub-Saharan African ABC-DO cohort: African Breast Cancer —Disparities in Outcomes study
AbstractA greater understanding of the nature and drivers of poor breast cancer (BC) awareness in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) will inform much needed awareness programmes. We aimed to assess the level and nature of BC awareness in the multi-country African Breast Cancer —Disparities in Outcome (ABC-DO) cohort of women newly diagnosed with BC during 2014–2017. Awareness indicators were assessed during a baseline interview at/near diagnosis. Logistic/ordinal regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) for indicators of BC awareness in relation to woman-level characteristics for individual settings and then meta...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - July 6, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Risk of diabetes complications among those with diabetes receiving androgen deprivation therapy for localized prostate cancer
ConclusionADT use in men with T2DM, who received curative intent therapy for prostate cancer, was associated with an increased risk of diabetes complications. These findings support those of previous studies, which showed that ADT worsened diabetes control. Additional, larger studies are required to confirm these findings and to potentially inform the development of a risk-benefit assessment for men with existing T2DM, before initiating ADT. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 29, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Height, waist circumference, body mass index, and body somatotype across the life course and risk of glioma
AbstractPurposeRecent studies have suggested height as a risk factor for glioma, but less is known regarding body mass index (BMI) or other anthropomorphic measures. We evaluated the association between body habitus and risk of glioma.MethodsWe evaluated the association of measures of height, BMI, waist circumference, and somatotypes with risk of glioma in two prospective cohorts, the Nurses ’ Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study.ResultsWe documented 508 incident cases of glioma (321 glioblastoma [GBM]). In both cohorts, we found no significant association between adult BMI or waist circumference...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 26, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Interactions of alcohol and postmenopausal hormone use in regards to mammographic breast density
This study included 2,100 cancer-free postmenopausal women within the Nurses ’ Health Study and Nurses’ Health Study II cohorts. Percent breast density (PD), absolute dense (DA), and non-dense areas (NDA) were measured from digitized film mammograms using a computer-assisted thresholding technique; all measures were square root transformed. Alcohol consumption was assess ed with a food frequency questionnaire (0,
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 25, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Mapping hot spots of breast cancer mortality in the United States: place matters for Blacks and Hispanics
AbstractPurposeThe goals of this study were to identify geographic and racial/ethnic variation in breast cancer mortality, and evaluate whether observed geographic differences are explained by county-level characteristics.MethodsWe analyzed data on breast cancer deaths among women in 3,108 contiguous United States (US) counties from years 2000 through 2015. We applied novel geospatial methods and identified hot spot counties based on breast cancer mortality rates. We assessed differences in county-level characteristics between hot spot and other counties using Wilcoxon rank-sum test and Spearman correlation, and stratified...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 19, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Regular aspirin use and gene expression profiles in prostate cancer patients
ConclusionsRegular aspirin use may affect ribosome function in prostate tumors. Other putative target genes had similar expression in tumors from aspirin users and non-users. If results are corroborated by experimental studies, a potential benefit of aspirin may be limited to a subset of prostate cancer patients. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 18, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Differences in smoking prevalence and eligibility for low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening among older U.S. adults: role of sexual orientation
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine the past-year prevalence estimates of cigarette smoking and eligibility for low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening among older U.S. adults and examine potential variations in these estimates by sexual orientation. Data were from the 2012 –2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III) and included in-person interviews with a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized adults aged 18 and older. Eligibility for LDCT was based on U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) gu idelines. Analyse...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 15, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Gestational diabetes, type II diabetes, and mammographic breast density in a U.S. racially diverse population screened for breast cancer
ConclusionsOur results do not support associations between T2DM and/or GDM and higher amount of mammographically dense breast tissue, suggesting that the mechanism linking diabetes with breast cancer risk may not include mammographic breast density  in midlife. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 8, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Black/white differences in treatment and survival among women with stage IIIB –IV breast cancer at diagnosis: a US population-based study
ConclusionsMore research is needed to identify additional factors associated with the potential survival disparities among women with stage IIIB –C disease and potential treatment disparities among women with stage IV disease. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - June 2, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The association between smoking cessation before and after diagnosis and non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer recurrence: a prospective cohort study
ConclusionsAlthough quitting smoking after diagnosis might reduce the risk of recurrence based on retrospective evidence, this is not confirmed in this prospective study because the number of NMIBC patients quitting smoking before their first recurrence was too low. Nevertheless, this indicates an important role for urologists and other health care professionals in promoting smoking cessation in NMIBC. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 30, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Social factors matter in cancer risk and survivorship
AbstractGreater attention to social factors, such as race/ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and others, are needed across the cancer continuum, including breast cancer, given differences in tumor biology and genetic variants have not completely explained the persistent Black/White breast cancer mortality disparity. In this commentary, we use examples in breast cancer risk assessment and survivorship to demonstrate how the failure to appropriately incorporate social factors into the design, recruitment, and analysis of research studies has resulted in missed opportunities to reduce persistent cancer disparities. The conclu...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 30, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Associations of dietary fat with risk of early neoplasia in the proximal colon in a population-based case –control study
ConclusionsThese results suggest that dietary PUFAs may be positively associated with risk of early neoplasia in the proximal colon. This study provides further evidence that dietary PUFA composition may play an important role in altering the microenvironment within the human colon. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 30, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A pilot study of prostate cancer knowledge among African American men and their health care advocates: implications for screening decisions
AbstractPurposeProstate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of cancer death in U.S. men [American Cancer Society (ACS)], most often affecting men age 50 and older. The study provides information about factors that influence rural AA men in their decision to undergo screening for PCa with a specific focus on PCa knowledge among AA men and their health care advocates.MethodsA longitudinal quantitative study included AA males and their health care advocates. Participants were from three Alabama rural counties. Measures included demographics, PCa knowledge, decisional conflict, and health literacy scales.ResultsThirty-thr...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 26, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Increasing preoperative body size in breast cancer patients between 2002 and 2016: implications for prognosis
AbstractOverweight and obesity are increasing worldwide, but the extent in breast cancer patients is unknown. The two aims were to study secular trends in preoperative body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and breast volume and their impacts on clinical outcome. BMI, waist circumference, and breast volume were measured preoperatively in 24 –99-year-old primary breast cancer patients (n = 640) in Sweden 2002–2016. The measurements were analyzed alone and combined in relation to recurrence and overall survival (OS). BMI, waist circumference, and breast volume increased 2002 –2016 (ptrends 
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 26, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Intake of dietary carbohydrates in early adulthood and adolescence and breast density among young women
ConclusionsInsulinemic carbohydrate diet during puberty may be associated with adulthood breast density, but our findings need replication in larger studies.Clinical Trials Registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier, NCT00458588 April 9, 2007; NCT00000459 October 27, 1999 (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 25, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The burden of prostate cancer in Trinidad and Tobago: one of the highest mortality rates in the world
ConclusionsNotwithstanding the limitations surrounding data quality, our findings highlight the increasing burden of CaP in TT and the need for improved surveillance and standard of care. Our findings highlight the need for optimized models to project cancer rates in developing countries like TT. This study also provides the rationale for targeted screening and optimized treatment for CaP to ameliorate the rates we report. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 17, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Racial differences in the relationship between tobacco, alcohol, and the risk of head and neck cancer: pooled analysis of US studies in the INHANCE Consortium
AbstractThere have been few published studies on differences between Blacks and Whites in the estimated effects of alcohol and tobacco use on the incidence of head and neck cancer (HNC) in the United States. Previous studies have been limited by small numbers of Blacks. Using pooled data from 13 US case –control studies of oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal cancers in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Consortium, this study comprised a large number of Black HNC cases (n = 975). Logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for several...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 14, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Re: Kheifets et al. (2017): Residential magnetic fields exposure and childhood leukemia: a population-based case –control study in California
(Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - May 7, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Racialized economic segregation and stage at diagnosis of colorectal cancer in the United States
ConclusionsSpatial social polarization, quantified in relation to racialized economic segregation, increases the odds of late diagnosis of colorectal cancer for persons residing in the least compared to most privileged counties. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 27, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Ambient PM 2.5 air pollution  exposure and hepatocellular carcinoma incidence in the United States
AbstractPurposeTo conduct the first epidemiologic study prospectively examining the association between particulate matter air pollution  
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 25, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Serum osteoprotegerin levels and mammographic density among high-risk women
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that low OPG levels may be associated with high mammographic density, particularly in postmenopausal women. Targeting RANK signaling may represent a plausible, non-surgical prevention option for high-risk women with high mammographic density, especially those with low circulating OPG levels. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 20, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and prostate cancer risk in Japanese: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study (JPHC Study)
ConclusionOur results suggest that a western-style diet may lead to a higher risk of prostate cancer in the total population, whereas the prudent diet contributes to a lower risk among subjects detected by subjective symptoms. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 18, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Hormone replacement therapy, mammographic density, and breast cancer risk: a cohort study
ConclusionsMD partially mediates some of the association between HRT and breast cancer risk. The association between HRT and breast cancer seems to be stronger in women with dense breasts. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 18, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Self-reported dietary flavonoid intake and serum markers of inflammation: the multiethnic cohort
ConclusionThe current results do not support a consistent association between dietary intake of flavonoids and markers of inflammatory processes. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 18, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of recurrence in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer: a prospective cohort study
ConclusionResults from this study did not indicate a protective role for total fruit and vegetables in the development of a recurrence of NMIBC. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 17, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A healthy lifestyle index and its association with risk of breast, endometrial, and ovarian cancer among Canadian women
ConclusionOur findings suggest that promoting a healthy lifestyle may aid in the primary prevention of postmenopausal  breast and endometrial cancers. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 17, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Neutrophil, lymphocyte and platelet counts, and risk of prostate cancer outcomes in white and black men: results from the SEARCH database
We examined whether complete blood count (CBC) parameters were associated with PC outcomes and whether these associations varied by race.MethodsAnalyses include 1,826 radical prostatectomy patients from six VA hospitals followed through medical record review for biochemical recurrence (BCR). Secondary outcomes included castration-resistant PC (CRPC), metastasis, all-cause mortality (ACM), and PC-specific mortality (PCSM). Cox-proportional hazards were used to assess the associations between pre-operative neutrophils, lymphocytes, platelets, neutrophil –lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) with ...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 17, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Sociodemographic disparities in the occurrence of medical conditions among adolescent and young adult Hodgkin lymphoma survivors
ConclusionStrategies to improve health care utilization for surveillance and secondary prevention among AYA HL survivors at increased risk of medical conditions may improve outcomes. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 13, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Interactions of coffee consumption and postmenopausal hormone use in relation to breast cancer risk in UK Biobank
This study included 126,182 postmenopausal women (2,636 with breast cancer and 123,546 without) from UK Biobank. Cancer diagnoses were ascertained through the linkage to the UK National Health Service Central Registers. Information on breast cancer risk factors and coffee consumption was collected at baseline and updated during follow-up. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to evaluate associations between coffee consumption and breast cancer, overall and in stratified analyses by woman ’s PMH status (none, past, current).ResultsIn the overall analysis, coffee consumption was not associated with breast cancer...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 12, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

An update in international trends in incidence rates of thyroid cancer, 1973 –2007
ConclusionsOur analysis of the published CI5 data illustrates that the incidence of thyroid cancer increased between 1998 –2002 and 2003–2007 in most populations worldwide, and rising rates continue in all regions of the world. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - April 5, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Maternal consumption of coffee and tea during pregnancy and risk of childhood ALL: a pooled analysis from the childhood Leukemia International Consortium
ConclusionsDespite some limitations, our findings suggest that high coffee intake during pregnancy may increase risk of childhood ALL. Thus, current advice to limit caffeine intake during pregnancy to reduce risk of preterm birth may have additional benefits. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 29, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Prospective evaluation of serum IL-16 and risk of prostate cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial
ConclusionsThis study found evidence that higher pre-diagnostic IL-16 levels may be associated with increased risk of high-grade disease, supporting inflammation as potential mechanism by which sexually transmitted diseases may increase risk. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 28, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A spatiotemporal analysis of invasive cervical cancer incidence in the state of Maryland between 2003 and 2012
ConclusionIn recent periods, some Maryland counties have experienced anomalously high or low ICC incidence. Clusters of high incidence are not explained by differences in screening rates and may be due to failures in follow-up care for cervical abnormalities that need to be investigated. Clusters of low incidence may represent areas of successful ICC control. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 12, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A cancer registry-based analysis on the non-white populations reveals a critical role of the female sex in early-onset melanoma
ConclusionsOur results highlight the importance of gender as one of the melanoma risk factors beyond traditional UV radiation, which warrants further investigation and may provide a base for an improved prevention strategy. (Source: Cancer Causes and Control)
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - March 9, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research