Patterns of Mental Health Care in Remote Areas: Kimberley (Australia), Nunavik (Canada), and Lapland (Finland): Mod èles de soins de santé mentale dans les régions éloignées: Kimberley (Australie), Nunavik (Canada) et Laponie (Finlande).
CONCLUSION: We found common challenges in these remote areas but a huge diversity in the patterns of MH care. The implementation of care interventions should be locally tailored considering both the environmental characteristics and the existing pattern of service provision. PMID: 32720514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Salinas-Perez JA, Gutierrez-Colosia MR, Furst MA, Suontausta P, Bertrand J, PhD NA, Mendoza J, Rock D, Sadeniemi M, Cardoso G, Salvador-Carulla L Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Resilience in the Time of Pandemic.
PMID: 32720516 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adams GC Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Depressive Symptoms: A Community-based Study in Quebec, Canada.
PMID: 32700546 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Schmitz N, Holley P, Meng X, Fish L, Jedwab J Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Dangerous "Cocktail": The COVID-19 Pandemic and the Youth Opioid Crisis in North America: A Response to Vigo et al. (2020).
A Dangerous "Cocktail": The COVID-19 Pandemic and the Youth Opioid Crisis in North America: A Response to Vigo et al. (2020). Can J Psychiatry. 2020 Jul 23;:706743720943820 Authors: Jayasinha R, Nairn S, Conrod P PMID: 32701377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jayasinha R, Nairn S, Conrod P Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Feasibility of a Harry Potter-based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Skills Curriculum on Suicidality and Well-being in Middle Schoolers.
PMID: 32701402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Conforti P, Zaheer R, Goldstein BI, Levitt AJ, Schaffer A, Fefergrad M, Cheung AH, Sinyor M Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Breathing-focused Yoga as Augmentation for Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: A Randomized Controlled Trial: Le yoga ax é sur la respiration comme traitement d'appoint pour la dépression unipolaire et bipolaire: Un essai randomisé contrôlé.
CONCLUSIONS: Both yoga and psychoeducation may improve residual symptoms of unipolar and bipolar depression as add-on to medications. In-class group sessions and long study durations may reduce feasibility for this population. Larger trials with parallel group design and shorter duration may be more feasible. PMID: 32677851 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - July 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ravindran AV, McKay MS, da Silva T, Tindall C, Garfinkel T, Paric A, Ravindran L Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trends in Suicide Mortality in Canada by Sex and Age Group, 1981 to 2017: A Population-Based Time Series Analysis: Tendances de la mortalit é par suicide au Canada selon le sexe et le groupe d'âge, 1981 - 2017 : Une analyse de séries chronologiques dans la population.
CONCLUSION: The 3-decade decline in suicide mortality rates in Canada paralleled the global trend in rate reductions. However, since 2008, the suicide rate in Canada was relatively unchanged. Although rates were consistently higher among males, we found significant rate increases among females in specific age groups. Suicide prevention efforts tailored for adult males and young and middle-aged females could help reduce the suicide mortality rate in Canada. PMID: 32662296 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Varin M, Orpana HM, Palladino E, Pollock NJ, Baker MM Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Impacts of COVID-19 on Youth Mental Health, Substance Use, and Well-being: A Rapid Survey of Clinical and Community Samples: R épercussions de la COVID-19 sur la santé mentale, l'utilisation de substances et le bien-être des adolescents : un sondage rapide d'échantillons cliniques et communautaires.
This study examines youth mental health and substance use during the pandemic period. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 622 youth participants across existing clinical and community cohorts. Using the National Institute of Mental Health-developed CRISIS tool and other measures, participants reported on the impacts of COVID-19 on their mental health, substance use, and other constructs. RESULTS: Reports of prepandemic mental health compared to intrapandemic mental health show a statistically significant deterioration of mental health across clinical and community samples (P
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hawke LD, Barbic SP, Voineskos A, Szatmari P, Cleverley K, Hayes E, Relihan J, Daley M, Courtney D, Cheung A, Darnay K, Henderson JL Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Combined Analysis of Genetically Correlated Traits Identifies Genes and Brain Regions for Insomnia: Une analyse combin ée de traits génétiquement corrélés identifie les gènes et les régions du cerveau pour l'insomnie.
This study systematically analyzed multiple genome-wide association study (GWAS) data sets with core human pathways and functional networks to detect potential gene pathways and networks associated with insomnia. METHODS: We used a novel method, multitrait analysis of genome-wide association studies (MTAG), to combine 3 large GWASs of insomnia symptoms/complaints and sleep duration. The i-Gsea4GwasV2 and Reactome FI programs were used to analyze data from the result of MTAG analysis and the nominally significant pathways, respectively. RESULTS: Through analyzing data sets using the MTAG program, our sample size i...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - July 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liu K, Zhu L, Yu M, Liang X, Zhang J, Tan Y, Huang C, He W, Lei W, Chen J, Gu X, Xiang B Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patient-level Characteristics and Inequitable Access to Inpatient Electroconvulsive Therapy for Depression: A Population-based Cross-sectional Study: Caract éristiques au niveau du patient et accès inéquitable à la thérapie électroconvulsive pour patients hospitalisés.
CONCLUSIONS: Nearly 1 in 10 admissions for depression in Ontario, Canada, involve ECT. Many clinical factors associated with receiving inpatient ECT were concordant with clinical guidelines; however, nonclinical factors associated with its use warrant investigation of their impact on equitable access to ECT. PMID: 32613857 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kaster TS, Blumberger DM, Gomes T, Sutradhar R, Dasklakis ZJ, Wijeysundera DN, Vigod SN Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Our Digital Moment: Innovations and Opportunities in Digital Mental Health Care.
PMID: 32603188 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gratzer D, Torous J, Lam RW, Patten SB, Kutcher S, Chan S, Vigo D, Pajer K, Yatham LN Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Spread of COVID-19 in the Italian Population: Anxiety, Depression, and Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms.
PMID: 32588644 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Castelli L, Di Tella M, Benfante A, Romeo A Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Assessing Adherence to Responsible Reporting of Suicide Guidelines in the Canadian News Media: A 1-year Examination of Day-to-day Suicide Coverage: Évaluer la conformité au journalisme responsable en matière de directives sur le suicide dans les médias canadiens d'information: Un examen d'une année de la couverture quotidienne du suicide.
CONCLUSIONS: While a substantial proportion of articles generally adhere to suicide reporting recommendations, several guidelines are frequently underapplied, especially those concerning putatively helpful content. This indicates room for improvement in the responsible reporting of suicide. PMID: 32588647 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Antebi L, Carmichael V, Whitley R Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Quality of Life Impacts of Bright Light Treatment, Fluoxetine, and the Combination in Patients with Nonseasonal Major Depressive Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
CONCLUSION: The findings of this study emphasize that improvement in QoL and reduction in depressive symptoms in MDD, while related, cannot be taken to be synonymous. Adjunctive therapies may be required to address unmet QoL needs in patients with MDD receiving antidepressant or light therapies. Further research is required to explore additional predictors of QoL in order to better refine treatments for MDD. PMID: 32573396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Morton E, Michalak EE, Levitt A, Levitan RD, Cheung A, Morehouse R, Ramasubbu R, Yatham LN, Tam EM, Lam RW Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Management of COVID-19 Response in a Secure Forensic Mental Health Setting.
CONCLUSIONS: Forensic secure settings present major challenges as some proposals for pandemic management such as decarceration or early release are not possible, and facilities may present challenges to achieve sustained social distancing. Assertive testing, cohorting, and isolation units are appropriate responses to these challenges. PMID: 32573397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Simpson AIF, Chatterjee S, Darby P, Jones RM, Maheandiran M, Penney SR, Saccoccio T, Stergiopoulos V, Wilkie T Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

COVID-19 Impacts on Child and Youth Anxiety and Depression: Challenges and Opportunities.
PMID: 32567353 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Courtney D, Watson P, Battaglia M, Mulsant BH, Szatmari P Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Medical Assistance in Dying. A Review of Court Decisions on the issue of MAiD and Psychiatric Illness.
PMID: 32551927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Smith DH Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatry and COVID-19: The Role of Chlorpromazine.
PMID: 32536208 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stip E Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Changes in Suicide and Resilience-related Google Searches during the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic.
PMID: 32524848 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sinyor M, Spittal MJ, Niederkrotenthaler T Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Role of the Medical School Training on Physician Opioid Prescribing Practices: Evidence from Ontario, Canada.
CONCLUSION: The role of medical school training on opioid prescribing patterns among Ontario physicians differs from that in the United States likely due to greater homogeneity of curricula among Canadian schools. Ensuring physicians trained abroad receive additional pain management/addiction training may help address part of the opioid epidemic in Ontario. PMID: 32508120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: de Oliveira C, Iwajomo T, Gomes T, Kurdyak P Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

"Nothing Hurts Less Than Being Dead": Psychological Pain in Case Descriptions of Psychiatric Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide from the Netherlands.
CONCLUSIONS: Numerous psychological pain dimensions were detected in case descriptions of individuals who underwent EAS before the procedure. Subjective nature of the study precludes definite conclusions but suggest that future studies should explore psychological pain and the role of interventions targeting it in patients requesting EAS. PMID: 32501108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lengvenyte A, Strumila R, Courtet P, Kim SYH, Olié E Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

High Rates of Genetic Diagnosis in Psychiatric Patients with and without Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Toward Improved Genetic Diagnosis in Psychiatric Populations.
CONCLUSION: The results of this study highlight the frequency and impact of genetic diagnosis in psychiatric populations, particularly those with concomitant NDD. Genetic assessment should be considered in psychiatric patients, particularly those with multiple brain phenotypes (psychiatric, neurodevelopmental, neurological). PMID: 32495635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: So J, Sriretnakumar V, Suddaby J, Barsanti-Innes B, Faghfoury H, Gofine T Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Feasibility and Preliminary Results of Effectiveness of Social Media-based Intervention on the Psychological Well-being of Suspected COVID-19 Cases during Quarantine.
PMID: 32483978 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zhou L, Xie RH, Yang X, Zhang S, Li D, Zhang Y, Liu J, Pakhale S, Krewski D, Wen SW Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Health Service Use among Individuals with Depression and Psychological Distress: A Population-Based Cohort Study in Ontario, Canada.
CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with psychological distress required mental health care rivalling that of individuals with MDD over time, suggesting that even a cross-sectional assessment of significant psychological distress is a serious clinical concern. PMID: 32458758 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chiu M, Saxena FE, Kurdyak P, Wilton AS, Vigod SN Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Long-term Outcomes of Intensive Inpatient Care for Severe, Resistant Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
We report the short-term (at discharge) and long-term (up to 2 years) outcome of a multimodal inpatient treatment program that included therapist-assisted intensive CBT with adjunctive pharmacotherapy for severely ill OCD patients who are often resistant to SRIs and are either unresponsive or unable to practice outpatient CBT. METHODS: A total of 420 patients, admitted between January 2012 and December 2017 were eligible for the analysis. They were evaluated using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (YBOCS), and the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale. All pa...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Balachander S, Bajaj A, Hazari N, Kumar A, Anand N, Manjula M, Sudhir PM, Cherian AV, Narayanaswamy JC, Jaisoorya TS, Bada Math S, Kandavel T, Arumugham SS, Reddy YCJ Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Lack of Adequate Scientific Evidence Regarding Physician-assisted Death for People with Psychiatric Disorders Is a Danger to Patients.
PMID: 32452224 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sinyor M, Schaffer A Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

What Does "Irremediability" in Mental Illness Mean?
What Does "Irremediability" in Mental Illness Mean? Can J Psychiatry. 2020 May 22;:706743720928656 Authors: Gaind KS PMID: 32441132 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gaind KS Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mood Disorders in Late Life: A Population-based Analysis of Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Consequences in Community-dwelling Older Adults in Ontario.
CONCLUSIONS: Mood disorders in late life were strongly correlated with demographic and social/behavioral factors, health care use, institutionalization, and mortality. Understanding these relationships provides a basis for potential interventions to reduce the occurrence of mood disorders in late life and their consequences. PMID: 32436726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Strauss R, Kurdyak P, Glazier RH Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Antidepressant Use around Conception, Prepregnancy Depression, and Risk of Ectopic Pregnancy.
CONCLUSIONS: This study's findings suggest that women who have a prepregnancy depression diagnosis are at a slightly increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, and among women who have a prepregnancy depression diagnosis, the use of antidepressants around conception does not increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. PMID: 32436752 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wall-Wieler E, Robakis TK, Cesta CE, Masarwa R, Lyell DJ, Liu C, Platt RW, Carmichael SL Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reply to Dawes et al.
CA PMID: 32425056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Al Maruf A, Fan M, Arnold PD, Müller DJ, Aitchison K, Bousman CA Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Irremediable Psychiatric Suffering in the Context of Physician-assisted Death: A Scoping Review of Arguments.
CONCLUSIONS: Uncertainty about irremediability is inevitable, so which level of certainty is morally required should be the subject of moral deliberation. Whether PAD induces or resolves hopelessness is an empirical claim that deserves clarification. Treatment refusal in search of PAD raises questions about treatment efficacy in this patient group and about decision-making in the context of the physician-patient relationship. Going forward, more attention should be given to epidemiological research and to specific challenges posed by different psychiatric disorders. PMID: 32427501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: van Veen SMP, Ruissen AM, Widdershoven GAM Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Preservation of Gray Matter Volume in Early Stage of Bipolar Disorder: A Case for Early Intervention.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: It has been proposed that different stages of the bipolar disorder might have distinct neurobiological changes. However, the evidence for this has not been consistent, as the studies in early stages of the illness are limited by small sample sizes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the gray matter volume changes in bipolar patients who recently recovered from their first episode of mania (FEM). METHODS: Using a whole-brain voxel-based analysis, we compared the regional gray matter volumes of 61 bipolar patients who have recovered from their FEM in the past 3 months with 43 age- ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Keramatian K, Su W, Saraf G, Chakrabarty T, Yatham LN Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cannabidiol for Mood Disorders: A Call for More Research.
ve; G PMID: 32406255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bartoli F, Bachi B, Calabrese A, Moretti F, Crocamo C, Carrà G Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Re: Maruf AA, Fan M, Arnold PD, Muller DJ, Aitchison KJ, Bousman CA. Pharmacogenetic Testing Options Relevant to Psychiatry in Canada. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry [Revue canadienne de psychiatrie] 2020. doi: 1177/706743720904820.
PMID: 32400175 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dawes M, Katzov-Eckert H, Paterson A, Dawes D Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental Health of Communities during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
PMID: 32391720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vigo D, Patten S, Pajer K, Krausz M, Taylor S, Rush B, Raviola G, Saxena S, Thornicroft G, Yatham LN Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Randomized Sham-controlled Trial of 1-Hz and 10-Hz Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) of the Right Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in Civilian Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.
CONCLUSION: Low-frequency rTMS is efficacious in the treatment of civilian PTSD. Our data suggest that high-frequency rTMS of the right DLPFC is worthy of additional investigation for the treatment of depressive symptoms comorbid with PTSD. PMID: 32379487 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Leong K, Chan P, Ong L, Zwicker A, Willan S, Lam RW, McGirr A Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Intersection between Criminal Accusations, Victimization, and Mental Disorders: A Canadian Population-Based Study.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Understand the relationship between criminal accusations, victimization, and mental disorders at a population level using administrative data from Manitoba, Canada. METHOD: Residents aged 18 to 64 between April 1, 2007, and March 31, 2012 (N = 793,024) with hospital- and physician-diagnosed mental disorders were compared to those without. Overall and per-person rates of criminal accusations and reported victimization in the 2011/2012 fiscal year were examined. Relative risks were calculated, adjusting for age, sex, income, and presence of a substance use disorder. The overlap between diagn...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Casiano H, Hensel JM, Chartier MJ, Ekuma O, MacWilliam L, Mota N, McDougall C, Bolton JM Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Driving Under the Influence of Cannabis in Canada, 2015 to 2018.
PMID: 32364761 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rivera LA, Patten SB Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Alcohol Use Disorder and the Persistence/Recurrence of Major Depression.
This study aims to determine the role of alcohol use disorder and other potential risk factors on persistence/recurrence of major depression in a Canadian population sample. METHODS: Data were drawn from the National Population Health Survey (1994/1995 to 2010/2011), a prospective epidemiologic survey of individuals 12 years and older, living in 10 Canadian provinces (N = 17,276). Participants were reinterviewed every 2 years for 9 cycles. This study population was a cohort of individuals who at baseline met the diagnosis of a major depressive episode (MDE) in the previous 12 months (n = 908). After the 6-year (cycle ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - May 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Onaemo VN, Fawehinmi TO, D'Arcy C Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Guidelines for Training in Cultural Psychiatry.
Abstract This position paper has been substantially revised by the Canadian Psychiatric Association (CPA)'s Section on Transcultural Psychiatry and the Standing Committee on Education and approved for republication by the CPA's Board of Directors on February 8, 2019. The original position paper1 was first approved by the CPA Board on September 28, 2011. PMID: 32345034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - April 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kirmayer LJ, Fung K, Rousseau C, Lo HT, Menzies P, Guzder J, Ganesan S, Andermann L, McKenzie K Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Youth Mental Health Services: Promoting Wellness or Treating Mental Illness?
PMID: 32319321 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - April 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Malla A, Frampton A, Mansouri BI Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pharmacological Treatment of Mood Disorders and Comorbid Addictions: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacological treatments were significantly better than placebo in improving manic symptoms, MDD depressive symptoms, and alcohol abstinence but were not better for bipolar depression symptoms. Importantly, quetiapine was not more effective than placebo in improving bipolar depression symptoms nor were SSRI's for the treatment of MDD depression. Our findings highlight the need for further high-quality clinical trials of treatments for mood disorders and comorbid addictions. PMID: 32302221 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - April 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stokes PRA, Jokinen T, Amawi S, Qureshi M, Husain MI, Yatham LN, Strang J, Young AH Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Resident-Level Predictors of Dementia Pharmacotherapy at Long-Term Care Admission: The Impact of Different Drug Reimbursement Policies in Ontario and Saskatchewan.
PMID: 32274934 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - April 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maclagan LC, Bronskill SE, Campitelli MA, Yao S, Dharma C, Hogan DB, Herrmann N, Amuah JE, Maxwell CJ Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations between Trauma Exposure and Physical Conditions among Public Safety Personnel.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Trauma exposure is associated with adverse health-related correlates, including physical comorbidities, and is highly prevalent among public safety personnel (PSP). The current study (1) examined the association between context of index trauma exposure (part of job vs. other) and physical conditions and (2) established the prevalence of physical conditions according to PSP category (e.g., police, paramedic) and index trauma type (e.g., serious accident, physical assault) in a large Canadian sample of PSP. METHODS: PSP completed an online survey between September 2016 and January 2017. Mul...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - April 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sommer JL, El-Gabalawy R, Taillieu T, Afifi TO, Carleton RN Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Smoking Cessation and Improvement in Mental Health Outcomes: Do People Who Quit Smoking by Switching to Electronic Cigarettes Experience Improvement in Mental Health?
PMID: 32242744 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - April 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dahal R, Adhikari K, Patten SB Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Role of the Medical Expert in the Retrospective Assessment of Testamentary Capacity.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the ultimate determination of testamentary capacity is a legal one, medical experts can help the court achieve the most informed legal decision by providing relevant information on clinical issues that may impact the criteria for testamentary capacity. PMID: 32233933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shulman K, Herrmann N, Peglar H, Dochylo D, Burns C, Peisah C Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Core of Classical Schizophrenia.
PMID: 32193963 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - March 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liddle PF Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Somatic Symptom Disorder, Medically Unexplained Symptoms, Somatoform Disorders, Functional Neurological Disorder: How DSM-5 Got It Wrong.
PMID: 32191123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - March 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Scamvougeras A, Howard A Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Been There, Done That: Lessons from Vancouver's Efforts to Stem the Tide of Overdose Deaths.
PMID: 32174152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - March 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Krausz MR, Wong JSH, Moazen-Zadeh E, Jang KL Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pregnancy and Delivery Outcomes Following Benzodiazepine Exposure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Antenatal BZD exposure appears to be statistically associated with increased risk of several adverse perinatal outcomes. Although confounds cannot be ruled out, NICU admission does appear clinically relevant and consistent with the antidepressant literature. PMID: 32148076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - March 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Grigoriadis S, Graves L, Peer M, Mamisashvili L, Ruthirakuhan M, Chan P, Hennawy M, Parikh S, Vigod SN, Dennis CL, Steiner M, Brown C, Cheung A, Dawson H, Rector N, Guenette M, Richter M Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research