The Evolution of Psychiatric Epidemiology: Where to Next?
PMID: 33601902 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Plana-Ripoll O, Lasgaard M, Mneimneh ZN, McGrath JJ Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ethical Considerations in Providing Electroconvulsive Therapy during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
PMID: 33596695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Robertson J, Flint AJ, Blumberger D, Bhat V Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Plant-based Medicines (Phytoceuticals) in the Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders: A Meta-review of Meta-analyses of Randomized Controlled Trials: Les m édicaments à base de plantes (phytoceutiques) dans le traitement des troubles psychiatriques: une méta-revue des méta-analyses d'essais randomisés contrôlés.
CONCLUSIONS: More rigorous international studies are required to validate the efficacy of these phytoceuticals before treatment recommendations can be made. In conclusion, the breadth of data tentatively supports several phytoceuticals which may be effective for mental disorders alongside pharmaceutical, psychological therapies, and standard lifestyle recommendations. PMID: 33596697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sarris J, Marx W, Ashton MM, Ng CH, Galvao-Coelho N, Ayati Z, Zhang ZJ, Kasper S, Ravindran A, Harvey BH, Lopresti A, Mischoulon D, Amsterdam J, Yatham LN, Berk M Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Poor Mental Health during the COVD-19 Pandemic: Effect Modification by Age.
PMID: 33591213 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bulloch A, Zulyniak S, Williams J, Bajgai J, Bhattarai A, Dores A, Lukmanji A, Pham T, Wiens K, Patten SB Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Comparison of Adolescent versus Young Adult Outpatients with First-Presentation Borderline Personality Disorder: Findings from the MOBY Randomized Controlled Trial: Une Comparaison Entre Patients Ambulatoires Adolescents et Jeunes Adultes à la Première Présentation du Trouble de la Personnalité Limite : Résultats de L'essai Randomisé Contrôlé MOBY.
CONCLUSIONS: Both adolescents and young adults with early stage BPD present with severe and often similar problems to one another, supporting developmental continuity across this age range. However, there are also meaningful differences in presentation, suggesting that pathways to care might differ by age and/or developmental stage. Detection and intervention for personality disorder should not be delayed until individuals reach 18 years of age. PMID: 33576244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chanen AM, Betts JK, Jackson H, Cotton SM, Gleeson J, Davey CG, Thompson K, Perera S, Rayner V, Chong SY, McCutcheon L Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Understanding Components of Duration of Untreated Psychosis and Relevance for Early Intervention Services in the Canadian Context: Comprendre les Composantes de la Dur ée de la Psychose Non Traitée et la Pertinence de Services D'intervention Précoce Dans le Contexte Canadien.
Understanding Components of Duration of Untreated Psychosis and Relevance for Early Intervention Services in the Canadian Context: Comprendre les Composantes de la Durée de la Psychose Non Traitée et la Pertinence de Services D'intervention Précoce Dans le Contexte Canadien. Can J Psychiatry. 2021 Feb 12;:706743721992679 Authors: Malla A, Dama M, Iyer S, Joober R, Schmitz N, Shah J, Issaoui Mansour B, Lepage M, Norman R Abstract BACKGROUND: Clinical, functional, and cost-effectiveness outcomes from early intervention services (EIS) for psychosis are significantly associated with t...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Malla A, Dama M, Iyer S, Joober R, Schmitz N, Shah J, Issaoui Mansour B, Lepage M, Norman R Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Medical Assistance in Dying for Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder: Considerations and Concerns.
PMID: 33576248 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brodeur J, Links PS, Boursiquot PE, Snelgrove N Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Rural-Urban Differences in Suicide Mortality: An Observational Study in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada: Diff érences de la Mortalité Par Suicide en Milieu Rural-Urbain: Une Étude Observationnelle à Terre-Neuve et Labrador, Canada.
The objective of this study was to examine the demographics, manner of death, and social and clinical antecedents of people who died by suicide in rural areas compared to urban areas. METHODS: We conducted an observational study of all suicide deaths that occurred among Newfoundland and Labrador residents between 1997 and 2016 using a linked data set derived from a comprehensive review of provincial medical examiner records. We used t tests and χ2 to assess associations between rural/urban status and variables related to demographics, circumstances, and manner of death, as well as social and medical history. Logis...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Reccord C, Power N, Hatfield K, Karaivanov Y, Mulay S, Wilson M, Pollock N Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Canada's Response to the Dual Public Health Crises: A Cautionary Tale.
KL PMID: 33567889 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Krausz RM, Wong JSH, Westenberg JN, Choi F, Schütz CG, Jang KL Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Potential Impact of Recreational Cannabis Legalization on the Prevalence of Cannabis Use Disorder and Psychotic Disorders: A Retrospective Observational Study: L'effet potentiel de la l égalisation du cannabis récréatif sur la prévalence du trouble d'utilisation du cannabis et des troubles psychotiques : une étude observationnelle rétrospective.
CONCLUSION: Although an affirmative conclusion is tentative, the current findings suggest a first link between the legalization of cannabis in Canada and increased diagnoses of cannabis use disorder, as well as cannabis use in general among patients in a university hospital psychiatric emergency department. PMID: 33567893 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vignault C, Massé A, Gouron D, Quintin J, Asli KD, Semaan W Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Validation fran çaise d’une échelle de mesure de l’utilisation problématique des jeux vidéo en ligne : l’Internet Gaming Disorder-20: French validation of a scale evaluating Internet Gaming Disorder: the Internet Gaming Disorder-20.
CONCLUSION: The validation of a French scale such as the IGD-20 shows some interest for the French-speaking population, including therapists who could use this scale to investigate the IGD-20 more precisely and for people with IGD-20 who could benefit from a more refined support. PMID: 33563027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Plessis C, Altintas E, Romo L, Guerrien A Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicide-related Twitter Content in Response to a National Mental Health Awareness Campaign and the Association between the Campaign and Suicide Rates in Ontario: Le contenu Li é au Suicide Sur Twitter en Réponse à Une Campagne Nationale de Sensibilisation à la Santé Mentale et à L'association Entre la Campagne et le Taux de Suicide en Ontario.
CONCLUSIONS: In Ontario, this national mental health media campaign was associated with a high volume of suicide-related tweets but not necessarily including content expected to diminish suicide rates. Campaigns like BLTD should strongly consider greater attention to suicide-related messaging that promotes help-seeking and resilience. This may help to further decrease stigmatization, and potentially, reduce suicide rates. PMID: 33563028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Côté D, Williams M, Zaheer R, Niederkrotenthaler T, Schaffer A, Sinyor M Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Atteintes Neurod éveloppementales, Comorbidités Psychiatriques Et Pathologies Associées Chez Des Patients Atteints de Schizophrénie Très Précoce Avec Symptômes Autistiques Prémorbides.: Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Psychiatric Comorbidities and Associated Pathologies in Patients with Childhood-Onset Schizop hrenia and Premorbid Autistic Symptoms.
DISCUSSION: We highlighted in our patients with COS a high frequency of comorbidities including at least one systematic psychiatric disorder. However, although COS is a severe condition impacting the patient, his family and society, its management remains essentially symptomatic. In clinical practice, it is necessary to look for all these comorbidities and to manage them in order to improve the overall quality of care. PMID: 33563032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fernandez A, Pasquet-Levy M, Laure G, Thümmler S, Askenazy F Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Externalizing Risk Pathways for Adolescent Substance Use and Its Developmental Onset: A Canadian Birth Cohort Study: Trajectoires de comportements ext ériorisés et le risque pour l'initiation et l'usage de substances des adolescents : Une étude de cohorte de naissance canadienne.
CONCLUSIONS: The present findings provide prospective evidence for a developmental risk pathway for adolescent substance use, potentially identifying those who could benefit from early interventions. PMID: 33530707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cox SML, Castellanos-Ryan N, Parent S, Benkelfat C, Vitaro F, Pihl RO, Boivin M, Tremblay RE, Leyton M, Séguin JR Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

In the Patients' Best Interest: Visitors Policy and Inpatient Psychiatry Wards in the COVID-19 Era.
PMID: 33525901 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maraj A, Ferrari M Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Second National Canadian Homeless Youth Survey: Mental Health and Addiction Findings: La Deuxi ème Enquête Nationale Auprès des Jeunes Sans Abri : Résultats en Matière De Santé Mentale et de Toxicomanie.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings can inform prevention and intervention policies and services and reinforce the importance of attending to violence exposure and trauma as central to the mental health trajectories of youth who have experienced homelessness. PMID: 33525910 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kidd SA, Gaetz S, O'Grady B, Schwan K, Zhao H, Lopes K, Wang W Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Course and Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the Canadian Armed Forces: A Nationally Representative, 16-Year Follow-up Study: Cours et pr édicteurs du trouble de stress post-traumatique dans les Forces armées canadiennes: une étude de suivi de 16 ans nationalement représentative.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first population-based survey to examine the longitudinal course of PTSD in Canadian Forces members. Prevention and intervention programs focused on bolstering social support and active coping strategies as possible protective factors/correlates may help mitigate the development and persistence of PTSD. PMID: 33522288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mota N, Bolton SL, Enns MW, Afifi TO, El-Gabalawy R, Sommer JL, Pietrzak RH, Stein MB, Asmundson GJG, Sareen J Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

"We Are at Risk Too": The Disparate Mental Health Impacts of the Pandemic on Younger Generations: Nous Sommes Aussi à Risque: Les Effets Disparates de la Pandémie Sur la Santé Mentale des Générations Plus Jeunes.
CONCLUSION: These early data are essential in understanding at-risk groups given the unpredictable nature of the pandemic and its potential long-term implications. PMID: 33522837 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: El-Gabalawy R, Sommer JL Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Advancing Public Mental Health in Canada through a National Suicide Prevention Service: Setting an Agenda for Canadian Standards of Excellence: Promouvoir la sant é mentale publique au Canada par un service de prévention nationale du suicide : Établir un programme de normes canadiennes d'excellence.
Advancing Public Mental Health in Canada through a National Suicide Prevention Service: Setting an Agenda for Canadian Standards of Excellence: Promouvoir la santé mentale publique au Canada par un service de prévention nationale du suicide : Établir un programme de normes canadiennes d'excellence. Can J Psychiatry. 2021 Jan 31;:706743721989153 Authors: Crawford A Abstract The Public Health Agency of Canada is funding a new Canada Suicide Prevention Service (CSPS), timely both in recognition of the need for a public health approach to suicide prevention, and also in the context of...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - January 31, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Crawford A Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Increases in Serious Psychological Distress among Ontario Students between 2013 and 2017: Assessing the Impact of Time Spent on Social Media: Hausses de la D étresse Psychologique Sérieuse Chez Les Élèves de l'Ontario Entre 2013 et 2017 : Évaluer L'impact du Temps Passé sur les Médias Sociaux.
CONCLUSION: Although both social media use and psychological distress increased between 2013 and 2017, the interaction between these variables indicates that the strength of this association has decreased over time. This finding suggests that the higher rate of heavy social media use in 2017 compared to 2013 is not actually associated with the higher rate of serious psychological distress during the same time period. From a diffusion of innovation perspective, it is possible that more recent adopters of social media may be less prone to psychological distress. More research is needed to understand the complex and evolving ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - January 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cook S, Hamilton HA, Montazer S, Sloan L, Wickens CM, Cheung A, Boak A, Turner NE, Mann RE Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Overall and Gender-specific Associations between Dimensions of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Mental Health Outcomes among Homeless Adults: Associations G énérales et Sexospécifiques Entre les Dimensions des Expériences Défavorables de L'enfance et les Résultats de Santé Mentale Chez les Adultes Sans Abri.
CONCLUSIONS: There are unique and gender-specific associations between specific ACE dimensions and mental health outcomes among homeless adults. Better understanding of the mechanisms underlying these associations is needed to inform screening, prevention, and treatment efforts, particularly given the very high prevalence of ACEs among this vulnerable and marginalized population. PMID: 33502253 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - January 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liu M, Mejia-Lancheros C, Lachaud J, Latimer E, Aubry T, Somers J, Distasio J, Stergiopoulos V, Hwang SW Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of Child Maltreatment and Deployment-related Traumatic Experiences with Mental Disorders in Active Duty Service Members and Veterans of the Canadian Armed Forces: Association de la Maltraitance des Enfants et des Exp ériences Traumatisantes Liées au Déploiement Avec les Troubles Mentaux Chez les Membres du Service Actif et Les Anciens Combattants des Forces Armées Canadiennes.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of a child maltreatment history is high among active Canadian military and veterans. As well, child maltreatment may increase the likelihood of mental disorders across the life span. This may be especially true for individuals who also experience DRTEs. Understanding these relationships may provide insight into developing effective interventions for military personnel and veteran mental health outcomes. PMID: 33472392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - January 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Afifi TO, Sareen J, Taillieu T, Stewart-Tufescu A, Mota N, Bolton SL, Asmundson GJG, Enns MW, Ports KA, Jetly R Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Emerging New Psychiatric Symptoms and the Worsening of Pre-existing Mental Disorders during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Canadian Multisite Study: Nouveaux sympt ômes psychiatriques émergents et détérioration des troubles mentaux préexistants pendanturant la pandémie de la COVID-19: une étude canadienne multisite.
CONCLUSION: The worsening in mental health symptoms and the decline in access to care call for the urgent development of adapted interventions targeting both new mental disorders and pre-existing psychiatric conditions affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. PMID: 33464115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - January 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Robillard R, Daros AR, Phillips JL, Porteous M, Saad M, Pennestri MH, Kendzerska T, Edwards JD, Solomonova E, Bhatla R, Godbout R, Kaminsky Z, Boafo A, Quilty LC Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Longitudinal Trends in Medication Treatment for Youth At-Risk for Serious Mental Illness.
PMID: 33464130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - January 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Farris MS, Braun A, MacQueen G, Goldstein BI, Wang J, Kennedy SH, Addington J Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Course and Predictors of Major Depressive Disorder in the Canadian Armed Forces Members and Veterans Mental Health Follow-up Survey: Cours et Pr édicteurs du Trouble de Dépression Majeure Dans l'Enquête de Suivi Sur la Santé Mentale Auprès Des Membres des Forces Armées Canadiennes et des ex-Militaires.
CONCLUSIONS: The time periods following deployment and trauma exposure and during the transition from active duty to veteran status are particularly relevant for vulnerability to depression in military members. Interventions that enhance problem-focused coping and social support may be protective against MDEs in military members. PMID: 33406886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - January 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Enns MW, Mota N, Afifi TO, Bolton SL, Richardson JD, Patten SB, Sareen J Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Re: Protocol for Clozapine Rechallenge in a Case of Clozapine-induced Myocarditis.
PMID: 33401930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - January 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Danilewitz M, Rafizadeh R Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

How High? Trends in Cannabis Use Prior to First Admission to Inpatient Psychiatry in Ontario, Canada, between 2007 and 2017: À quelle hauteur? Les tendances de l'usage du cannabis avant la première hospitalisation en psychiatrie en Ontario, Canada entre 2007 et 2017.
CONCLUSIONS: As medical cannabis policies in Canada have evolved, cannabis use reported prior to first admission to inpatient psychiatry has increased. The findings of this study establish a baseline for evaluating the impact of changes in cannabis-related policies in Ontario on cannabis use prior to admission to inpatient psychiatry. PMID: 33380219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - December 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: McGuckin T, Ferro MA, Hammond D, Stewart S, Maloney-Hall B, Madi N, Porath A, Perlman CM Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The New Wave of Youth Mental Health Services: Time for Reflection and Caution.
PMID: 33375848 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - December 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Malla A, Boksa P, Joober R Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cognition and Its Association with Psychosocial and Occupational Functioning during Treatment with Escitalopram in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder: A CAN-BIND-1 Report: La Cognition Et Son Association Avec Le Fonctionnement Psychosocial Et Professionnel Durant Le Traitement Par Escitalopram Chez Des Patients Souffrant De Trouble D épressif Majeur: Une Étude Can-Bind-1.
We examined the relationship between cognitive performance and functioning in depressed patients before and after antidepressant treatment using secondary data from the first Canadian Biomarker Integration Network in Depression-1 study. METHODS: Cognition was assessed at baseline in unmedicated, depressed participants with MDD (n = 207) using the Central Nervous System Vital Signs computerized battery, psychosocial functioning with the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS), and occupational functioning with the Lam Employment Absence and Productivity Scale (LEAPS). Cognition (n = 181), SDS (n = 175), and LEAPS (n = 118) were...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - December 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: McInerney SJ, Chakrabarty T, Maciukiewicz M, Frey BN, MacQueen GM, Milev RV, Ravindran AV, Rotzinger S, Kennedy SH, Lam RW, CAN-BIND Investigator Team Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gambling and Problem Gambling in Canada in 2018: Prevalence and Changes Since 2002: Le Jeu et le Jeu Probl ématique au Canada en 2018 : Prévalence et Changements Depuis 2002.
CONCLUSIONS: Gambling and problem gambling have both decreased in Canada from 2002 to 2018 although the provincial patterns are quite similar between the 2 time periods. Several mechanisms have likely collectively contributed to these declines. Decreases have also been reported in several other Western countries in recent years and have occurred despite the expansion of legal gambling opportunities, suggesting a degree of inoculation or adaptation in the population. PMID: 33353387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - December 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Williams RJ, Leonard CA, Belanger YD, Christensen DR, El-Guebaly N, Hodgins DC, McGrath DS, Nicoll F, Stevens RMG Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Assessing Functioning across Common Mental Disorders in Psychiatric Emergency Patients: Results from the WHODAS-2: Évaluation du fonctionnement de patients présentant des troubles mentaux courants en milieu psychiatrique : Résultats au WHODAS-2.
We describe and compare WHODAS-2 (12-item version) scores across mental disorders (anxiety, mood, psychotic, personality, and substance abuse) in adults admitted to psychiatric emergency. METHODS: Data from the Signature Bank were used. Participants admitted to psychiatric emergency completed the WHODAS-2 at admission (n = 1,125). Mental disorders were evaluated by psychiatrists, and WHODAS-2 scores were compared across groups. Psychometric properties were evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). RESULTS: Higher mean WHODAS-2 scores were reported by those with anxiety, mood, and personality disorders (P
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - December 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hoehne A, Giguère CE, Herba CM, Labelle R Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pand émie COVID-19, sommeil et séquelles psychologiques: au nom du Réseau canadien du sommeil et des rythmes circadiens* et de la Société canadienne du sommeil*.
Pandémie COVID-19, sommeil et séquelles psychologiques: au nom du Réseau canadien du sommeil et des rythmes circadiens* et de la Société canadienne du sommeil*. Can J Psychiatry. 2020 Dec 23;:706743720980262 Authors: Godbout R, Carrier J, Bastien C, Morin CM Abstract Les données recueillies lors de crises et tragédies passées prouvent que les problèmes de sommeil survenant durant ou peu de temps après un événement traumatique sont reliés à une probabilité accrue de développer des symptô...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - December 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Godbout R, Carrier J, Bastien C, Morin CM Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adjunctive Garcinia mangostana Linn. (Mangosteen) Pericarp for Schizophrenia: A 24-Week Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo Controlled Efficacy Trial: P éricarpe d'appoint Garcinia mangostana Linn (mangoustan) pour la schizophrénie : un essai d'efficacité de 24 semaines, à double insu, randomisé et contrôlé par placebo.
CONCLUSION: Despite promising preclinical and clinical work, our results do not support mangosteen pericarp extract as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. PMID: 33355478 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - December 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Turner A, Baker A, Dean OM, Walker AJ, Dodd S, Cotton SM, Scott JG, Kavanagh BE, Ashton MM, Brown E, McGrath JJ, Berk M Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the Treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis: La Stimulation Magn étique Transcrânienne Répétitive Pour le Traitement du Trouble de Stress Post-Traumatique : Une Revue Systématique et une Méta-Analyse en Réseau.
CONCLUSION: The current literature does not support efficacy differences between interventions; however, protocols stimulating the right DLPFC appear superior to sham. It is unclear whether this reflects heterogeneity in pathology requiring a personalized medicine approach or nonspecific mechanisms of rTMS. PMID: 33355483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - December 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: McGirr A, Devoe DJ, Raedler A, Debert CT, Ismail Z, Berlim MT Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental Health Risks after Repeated Exposure to Multiple Stressful Events during Ongoing Social Unrest and Pandemic in Hong Kong: The Role of Rumination: Risques pour la sant é mentale après une exposition répétée à de multiples événements stressants d'agitation sociale durable et de pandémie à Hong Kong: le rôle de la rumination.
Mental Health Risks after Repeated Exposure to Multiple Stressful Events during Ongoing Social Unrest and Pandemic in Hong Kong: The Role of Rumination: Risques pour la santé mentale après une exposition répétée à de multiples événements stressants d'agitation sociale durable et de pandémie à Hong Kong: le rôle de la rumination. Can J Psychiatry. 2020 Dec 15;:706743720979920 Authors: Wong SMY, Hui CLM, Wong CSM, Suen YN, Chan SKW, Lee EHM, Chang WC, Chen EYH Abstract OBJECTIVES: The co-occurrence of different classes of popula...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - December 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wong SMY, Hui CLM, Wong CSM, Suen YN, Chan SKW, Lee EHM, Chang WC, Chen EYH Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of a Contact Intervention and a Psychotherapeutic Program for Post-discharge Suicide Prevention: Rentabilit é D'une Intervention de Contact et d'un Programme de Psychothérapie Pour la Prévention du Suicide Après le Congé de L'hôpital.
CONCLUSIONS: Two post-discharge suicide prevention strategies based on Enhanced Contact and Psychotherapy were cost-effective in comparison to a single priority appointment. Increasing contacts between suicide attempters and mental health-care providers was slightly cost minimizing compared to psychotherapy. PMID: 33317338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - December 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Martínez-Alés G, Cruz Rodríguez JB, Lázaro P, Domingo-Relloso A, Barrigón ML, Angora R, Rodríguez-Vega B, Jiménez-Sola E, Sánchez-Castro P, Román-Mazuecos E, Villoria L, Ortega AJ, Navío M, Stanley B, Rosenheck R, Baca-García E, Bravo-Ortiz MF Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association Between Chronic Medical Conditions and Acute Perinatal Psychiatric Health-Care Encounters Among Migrants: A Population-Based Cohort Study.
CONCLUSION: Our study identifies refugee women with CMC as a high-risk group for acute psychiatric health care in the perinatal period. Preventive psychosocial interventions may be warranted to enhance supportive resources for all women with CMC and, in particular refugee women, to reduce the risk of acute psychiatric health care in the perinatal period. PMID: 33167692 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - November 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: McKnight A, Vigod SN, Dennis CL, Wanigaratne S, Brown HK Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Genetic Correlation Analysis and Transcriptome-wide Association Study Suggest the Overlapped Genetic Mechanism between Gout and Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: L'analyse de corr élation génétique et l'étude d'association à l'échelle du transcriptome suggèrent un mécanisme génétique superposé entre la goutte et le trouble de déficit de l'attention avec hyperactivité.
Genetic Correlation Analysis and Transcriptome-wide Association Study Suggest the Overlapped Genetic Mechanism between Gout and Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: L'analyse de corrélation génétique et l'étude d'association à l'échelle du transcriptome suggèrent un mécanisme génétique superposé entre la goutte et le trouble de déficit de l'attention avec hyperactivité. Can J Psychiatry. 2020 Nov 06;:706743720970844 Authors: Kafle OP, Wang X, Cheng S, Ding M, Li P, Cheng B, Liang X, Liu L, Du Y, Ma M, Zhang L, Zhao ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - November 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kafle OP, Wang X, Cheng S, Ding M, Li P, Cheng B, Liang X, Liu L, Du Y, Ma M, Zhang L, Zhao Y, Wen Y, Zhang F Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

COVID-19 and the Need for Leadership Training in Psychiatry.
PMID: 33155828 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - November 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Danilewitz M, Bahji A Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patterns and Predictors of Reincarceration among Prisoners with Serious Mental Illness: A Cohort Study: Mod èles et Prédicteurs de Réincarcération Chez les Prisonniers Souffrant de Maladie Mentale Grave : Une Étude de Cohorte.
CONCLUSION: Identification of the characteristics of those with mental illness in custody, especially those who have high-frequency returns to custody, may provide opportunity to target resources more effectively. The primary targets of intervention would be to treat those with schizophrenia/BPAD and substance use problems, particularly those using stimulants, and addressing homelessness. This could reduce the problem of repeated criminalization of the mentally ill and reduce the overall incarceration rate. PMID: 33155829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - November 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jones RM, Manetsch M, Gerritsen C, Simpson AIF Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Child Sexual Abuse and Age at Onset of Psychotic Disorders: A Matched-cohort Study: L' âge d'apparition des troubles psychotiques chez les victimes d'agression sexuelle à l'enfance: Une étude prospective de cohortes appariées.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the importance of prevention of psychotic disorders among sexually abused youth, especially those with a substance misuse diagnosis. PMID: 33155838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - November 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bourgeois C, Lecomte T, McDuff P, Daigneault I Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Maternal Substance Abuse and the Later Risk of Fractures in Offspring: L'abus maternel de substances et le risque ult érieur de fractures chez les enfants.
CONCLUSIONS: Maternal illicit drug abuse is associated with future child fractures due to assault and transport accidents. PMID: 33140975 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - November 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Auger N, Low N, Ayoub A, Lee GE, Luu TM Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental Health Outreach via Supportive Text Messages during the COVID-19 Pandemic: One-week Prevalence and Correlates of Anxiety Symptoms.
PMID: 33131318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - November 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hrabok M, Nwachukwu I, Gusnowski A, Shalaby R, Vuong W, Surood S, Li D, Greenshaw AJ, Agyapong VIO Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Impact c érébral structurel et fonctionnel de la Clozapine chez les patients souffrant de schizophrénie : revue systématique des études longitudinales en neuroimagerie: Structural and functional impact of clozapine in patients with schizophrenia: systematic review of neuroimaging longitudinal studies.
CONCLUSION: CLZ anatomical-functional correlates differ from those of other antipsychotics, with a specific action of CLZ in basal ganglia and PFC possibly participating in its superior clinical response. Many clinical and neuroimaging data bring on the assumption of a better prognosis associated with CLZ started earlier. PMID: 33131322 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - November 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vandevelde A, Métivier L, Dollfus S Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Overestimation of Postpartum Depression Prevalence Based on a 5-item Version of the EPDS: Systematic Review and Individual Participant Data Meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence estimated based on EPDS-5 ≥7 appears to be substantially higher than the prevalence of major depression. Validated diagnostic interviews should be used to establish prevalence. PMID: 33104415 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - October 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thombs BD, Levis B, Lyubenova A, Neupane D, Negeri Z, Wu Y, Sun Y, He C, Krishnan A, Vigod SN, Bhandari PM, Imran M, Rice DB, Azar M, Chiovitti MJ, Saadat N, Riehm KE, Boruff JT, Cuijpers P, Gilbody S, Ioannidis JPA, Kloda LA, Patten SB, Shrier I, Ziegels Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association entre la fr équence de consultation des médias d’information et la détresse psychologique chez les femmes enceintes durant la pandémie de COVID-19: Association between news media consulting frequency and psychological distress in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Association entre la fréquence de consultation des médias d’information et la détresse psychologique chez les femmes enceintes durant la pandémie de COVID-19: Association between news media consulting frequency and psychological distress in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Can J Psychiatry. 2020 Oct 21;:706743720963917 Authors: Roxanne L, Julia GB, Mathilde L, Élodie M, Christine DM, Nicolas B Abstract OBJECTIVE: Examine the association between news media use frequency during the COVID-19 pandemic and the scale of psychological distress in pregnant ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - October 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Roxanne L, Julia GB, Mathilde L, Élodie M, Christine DM, Nicolas B Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Changes to the Psychiatric Chatbot Landscape: A Systematic Review of Conversational Agents in Serious Mental Illness: Changements du paysage psychiatrique des chatbots: une revue syst ématique des agents conversationnels dans la maladie mentale sérieuse.
CONCLUSIONS: This review revealed few but generally positive outcomes regarding conversational agents' diagnostic quality, therapeutic efficacy, and acceptability, which may augment mental health care. Despite this increase in research activity, there continues to be a lack of standard measures for evaluating conversational agents as well as several neglected populations. We recommend that the standardization of conversational agent studies should include patient adherence and engagement, therapeutic efficacy, and clinician perspectives. PMID: 33063526 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - October 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vaidyam AN, Linggonegoro D, Torous J Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors Related to 30-day Readmission following Hospitalization for Any Medical Reason among Patients with Mental Disorders: Facteurs li és à la réhospitalisation à 30 jours suivant une hospitalisation pour une raison médicale chez des patients souffrant de troubles mentaux.
CONCLUSIONS: Early hospital readmission was more strongly associated with clinical variables, followed by service use variables, both playing a key role in preventing early readmission. Results suggest the importance of developing specific interventions for patients at high risk of readmission such as better discharge planning, integrated and collaborative care, and case management. Overall, better access to services and continuity of care before and after hospital discharge should be provided to prevent early hospital readmission. PMID: 33063531 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - October 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gentil L, Grenier G, Fleury MJ Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychopathology in the Offspring of Indigenous Parents with Mental Health Challenges: A Systematic Review: Psychopathologie Des Descendants De Parents Autochtones Ayant Des Probl èmes De Santé Mentale: Une Revue Systématique.
CONCLUSION: The findings suggest higher risks of mental health challenges among offspring of Indigenous parents with psychiatric difficulties than among Indigenous children of parents without similar difficulties. Knowledge of these phenomena would be improved by the use of larger, more representative samples, culturally appropriate measures, and the engagement of Indigenous communities. Future studies should be focused on both risk and resilience mechanisms so that cycles of transmission can be interrupted and resources aimed at detection, prevention, and treatment optimally allocated. PMID: 33064564 [PubMed - as sup...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - October 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Owais S, Faltyn M, Zou H, Hill T, Kates N, Burack JA, Van Lieshout RJ Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Validation of the French Version of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment (MacCAT-T) in a French Sample of Individuals with Schizophrenia: Validation de la version fran çaise de l'instrument d'évaluation des compétences MacArthur-traitement (MacCAT-T) dans un échantillon français de personnes souffrant de schizophrénie.
CONCLUSIONS: The MacCAT-T demonstrated a high degree of inter-rater reliability and strong psychometric properties. The French version of the MacCAT-T is a valid instrument to assess the decision-making capacity to consent to treatment in a French sample of individuals with schizophrenia. PMID: 33064578 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - October 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Raffard S, Lebrun C, Laraki Y, Capdevielle D Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research