Volume: 26 Issue: 6
Michel G Bergeron ?MGB? ? a true success Digging for new solutions Invasive disease due to Haemophilus influenzae type A in children in Canada?s north: A priority for prevention. Letter to the Editor: Treatment outcomes with telaprevir-based therapy for HIV/hepatitis C coinfected patients are comparable with hepatitis C monoinfected patients An unusual case of abdominal pain Characterization of invasive Neisseria meningitidis from Atlantic Canada, 2009 to 2013: With special reference to the nonpolysaccharide vaccine targets (PorA, factor H binding protein, Neisseria heparin-binding antigen and Neisseria adhesin A)Neisseria...
Source: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology - December 23, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Volume: 25 Issue: 4
This study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of two such vaccines, one against one serogroup (serogroup C) and the other a quadrivalent vaccine targeting four serogroups (A, C, Y and W). Evaluation of amplification targets for the specific detection of Bordetella pertussis using real-time polymerase chain reactionBordatella pertussis, the causative organism leading to whooping cough, represents a considerable public health concern in Canada. However, the current method of detection of B pertussis may also lead to a positive result when other Bordatella strains, which do not represent a public health risk, are present...
Source: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology - December 23, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Volume: 25 Issue: 5
This article describes the treatment completion rate for latent tuberculosis infections at a health clinic in Edmonton, Alberta, including an assessment of the correlates of noncompletion as well as potential means to improve treatment adherence. Effects of breakpoint changes on carbapenem susceptibility rates of Enterobacteriaceae: Results from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (United States, 2008 to 2012)Antibiotic susceptibility breakpoints are determined at the time of clinical approval for a given drug, but may need to be revised to incorporate additional evidence obtained after approval of the drug. The ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology - December 23, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Volume: 25 Issue: 6
A microbiological explanation for the obesity pandemic? That other EVD: Enterovirus-D68 ? what?s it all about? Micafungin compared with caspofungin for the treatment of febrile episodes in neutropenic patients with hematological malignancies: A retrospective studyPatients with neutropenia resulting from chemotherapy for hematological malignancies are at risk for considerable morbidity and mortality due to invasive fungal infections and should, thus, be treated with antifungal agents. Caspofungin has been one of the most common antifungal agents used for this purpose; its analogue micafungin may also be appropriate, but has...
Source: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology - December 23, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Volume: 26 Issue: 1
This article, which represents the first of two updates to these guidelines published in the current issue of the Journal, aims to inform health care professionals of the increased risk for influenza in long-term care facilities due to a documented mismatch between the components chosen for this season?s vaccine and currently circulating influenza strains. Adjusted recommendations for the use of antiviral drugs for influenza in long-term care facilities for this season are provided. Guidance on the use of antiviral drugs for influenza in acute care facilities in Canada, 2014-2015This article represents the second update to...
Source: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology - December 23, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Volume: 26 Issue: 2
This article describes the procedure that was followed in response to the lapse, and reports the results of the tests for blood-borne pathogens as well as analyses conducted to determine whether any infections occurred as a result of the infection control lapse. Prevalence of antimicrobial use in a network of Canadian hospitals in 2002 and 2009The Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program has been performing surveillance of antibiotic-resistant organisms in Canada since 1994. The authors of this study compared two point-prevalence surveys of antimicrobial use that were conducted in hospitals that were participatin...
Source: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology - December 23, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Volume: 26 Issue: 3
This article describes a cluster of cases of Chagas disease among a single family, which was discovered on screening after two affected members of the family donated blood. The current state of screening programs for Trypanosoma cruzi are discussed, and suggestions for future directions are included. Parents? and adolescents? willingness to be vaccinated against serogroup B meningococcal disease during a mass vaccination in Saguenay?Lac-St-Jean (Quebec)Since the implementation of the meningococcal C conjugate vaccine as a component of the routine vaccination schedule of children in Quebec, the incidence of meningitis cause...
Source: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology - December 23, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Volume: 26 Issue: 4
This article documents the first case of TSS associated with the use of a menstrual cup in a 37-year-old woman. The authors also discuss the history of TSS associated with tampon use and the mechanisms by which menstrual cups may also lead to the syndrome. Avian influenza A (H5N1) infection with respiratory failure and meningoencephalitis in a Canadian travellerSince 1997, more than 600 individuals worldwide have been infected with the poultry-originating influenza, H5N1. This report describes the first case of avian influenza A (H5N1) in the Western hemisphere in a 28-year-old woman who had just returned from a trip to Be...
Source: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology - December 23, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Volume: 26 Issue: 5
This study also identified risk factors indicative of transmission and provides a record of patients views on sexual-health messaging. Bacteremia due to Pasteurella dagmatis acquired from a dog bite, with a review of systemic infections and challenges in laboratory identificationPasteurella dagmatis, a Gram-negative coccobacillus, has been isolated from both dogs and cats as normal flora. It is also a fairly new species for many clinicians because it is a pathogen in human infections. The authors present a case of bacteremia in a 74-year-old man that was caused by P dagmatis. A comparison of other reported cases of bactere...
Source: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology - December 23, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research