Summary of a report for Canadian oral health professionals for a safe return to clinical practice during COVID-19
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(11-12):374-375. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a01. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFollowing the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Canadian healthcare providers were advised or mandated by their regulatory bodies to cease all routine and elective care and only provide emergent/urgent care in March 2020. Two months later, the provincial/territorial governments initiated plans to "re-open" their jurisdictions; however, oral health practitioners are returning to practice in a very different environment, particularly in the domain of infection control and prevent...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus and oral health
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):380-383. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a03. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTCanada is among the world leaders in oral health. Despite this, there are growing concerns about the rising rates of HPV-related mouth and throat cancers. The link between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer is well established; fortunately, thanks to detection and vaccination, Canada has one of the lowest incidence rates of cervical cancer in the world. The HPV-related mouth and throat cancers, however, present a different picture. In Canada, about 25% to 35% of mouth and throat cancers are related to...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Canadian Immunization Guide: "Anaphylaxis and other acute reactions following vaccination" chapter update
CONCLUSION: The updated CIG chapter provides healthcare providers with further clarity in recognizing and managing anaphylaxis in community settings. The updated intramuscular epinephrine dosage table will aid in optimal epinephrine administration, while the revised guidance against the use of diphenhydramine hydrochloride will prevent its unnecessary stockpiling in preparation for potential mass vaccination clinics related to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.PMID:33447159 | PMC:PMC7799880 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a04 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Natalie Dayneka Christina Jensen Kyla Hildebrand Source Type: research

Device-associated infections in Canadian acute-care hospitals from 2009 to 2018
This report provides an overview of 10 years of Canadian data on the epidemiology of select device-associated HAIs.METHODS: Over 40 hospitals submitted data between 2009 and 2018 for hip and knee surgical site infections (SSIs), cerebrospinal fluid shunt SSIs, paediatric cardiac SSIs and/or central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). Counts, rates, patient and hospital characteristics, as well as pathogen distributions and antimicrobial susceptibilities are presented.RESULTS: A total of 4,300 device-associated infections were reported. Central line-associated bloodstream infections were the most common device...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program1* Source Type: research

Translating evidence into practice with the National Advisory Committee on Sexually Transmitted and Blood-Borne Infections
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):398-402. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a06. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFor over 30 years, the Government of Canada has developed guidelines on sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI) with a group of subject matter experts. This expert group provided advice to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) from 2004 to 2019; transitioning to the National Advisory Committee on STBBI (NAC-STBBI) in 2019. NAC-STBBI supports PHAC's mandate to prevent and control infectious diseases by providing advice for the development of STBBI guidelines. The methodology for developing the ...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shamila Shanmugasegaram Stephan Gadient Margaret Gale-Rowe Source Type: research

Health risks of frozen raw breaded chicken products: A local health unit perspective
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):403-408. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a07. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTRaw chicken, including frozen raw breaded chicken products, has been implicated in 18 outbreaks of nontyphoidal salmonellae in Canada since 2017. The Canadian Food and Inspection Agency has since implemented industry requirements, from April 2019, aimed at reducing salmonellosis risks in frozen raw breaded chicken products prior to their distribution in the retail marketplace. This commentary explores key issues identified by a local public health unit during an investigation of two cases of salmonellosis that oc...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julia Pinheiro Carvalho Mike Benusic Raluca Codat Roxana Gruescu Liz Haydu Lawrence C Loh Source Type: research

Assessing the impact of varying levels of case detection and contact tracing on COVID-19 transmission in Canada during lifting of restrictive closures using a dynamic compartmental model
CONCLUSION: This study underlines the importance of a cautious approach to lifting restrictive closures in this second phase of the epidemic. This approach includes efforts by public health to identify cases and trace contacts, and to encourage Canadians to get tested if they are at risk of having been infected and to maintain physical distancing in public areas.PMID:33447163 | PMC:PMC7799879 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a08 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Antoinette Ludwig Philippe Berthiaume Heather Orpana Claude Nadeau Maikol Diasparra Joel Barnes Deirdre Hennessy Ainsley Otten Nicholas Ogden Source Type: research

Fake news and science denier attacks on vaccines. What can you do?
This article provides a brief overview of evidence-based strategies to address vaccine deniers in public, in clinical practice and in social situations. As well, a strategy to help differentiate between vaccine deniers and simple vaccine refusers in a practice or clinic is provided. Five tactics are widely used by vaccine deniers: conspiracy; fake experts; selectivity; impossible expectations; and misrepresentation and false logic. Recognizing and understanding these tactics can help protect against misinformation and science denialism propaganda. Highlighting the strong medical science consensus on the safety and effectiv...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Noni E MacDonald Source Type: research

Summary of a report for Canadian oral health professionals for a safe return to clinical practice during COVID-19
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(11-12):374-375. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a01. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFollowing the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Canadian healthcare providers were advised or mandated by their regulatory bodies to cease all routine and elective care and only provide emergent/urgent care in March 2020. Two months later, the provincial/territorial governments initiated plans to "re-open" their jurisdictions; however, oral health practitioners are returning to practice in a very different environment, particularly in the domain of infection control and prevent...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus and oral health
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):380-383. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a03. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTCanada is among the world leaders in oral health. Despite this, there are growing concerns about the rising rates of HPV-related mouth and throat cancers. The link between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer is well established; fortunately, thanks to detection and vaccination, Canada has one of the lowest incidence rates of cervical cancer in the world. The HPV-related mouth and throat cancers, however, present a different picture. In Canada, about 25% to 35% of mouth and throat cancers are related to...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Canadian Immunization Guide: "Anaphylaxis and other acute reactions following vaccination" chapter update
CONCLUSION: The updated CIG chapter provides healthcare providers with further clarity in recognizing and managing anaphylaxis in community settings. The updated intramuscular epinephrine dosage table will aid in optimal epinephrine administration, while the revised guidance against the use of diphenhydramine hydrochloride will prevent its unnecessary stockpiling in preparation for potential mass vaccination clinics related to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.PMID:33447159 | PMC:PMC7799880 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a04 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Natalie Dayneka Christina Jensen Kyla Hildebrand Source Type: research

Device-associated infections in Canadian acute-care hospitals from 2009 to 2018
This report provides an overview of 10 years of Canadian data on the epidemiology of select device-associated HAIs.METHODS: Over 40 hospitals submitted data between 2009 and 2018 for hip and knee surgical site infections (SSIs), cerebrospinal fluid shunt SSIs, paediatric cardiac SSIs and/or central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). Counts, rates, patient and hospital characteristics, as well as pathogen distributions and antimicrobial susceptibilities are presented.RESULTS: A total of 4,300 device-associated infections were reported. Central line-associated bloodstream infections were the most common device...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program1* Source Type: research

Translating evidence into practice with the National Advisory Committee on Sexually Transmitted and Blood-Borne Infections
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):398-402. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a06. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFor over 30 years, the Government of Canada has developed guidelines on sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI) with a group of subject matter experts. This expert group provided advice to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) from 2004 to 2019; transitioning to the National Advisory Committee on STBBI (NAC-STBBI) in 2019. NAC-STBBI supports PHAC's mandate to prevent and control infectious diseases by providing advice for the development of STBBI guidelines. The methodology for developing the ...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shamila Shanmugasegaram Stephan Gadient Margaret Gale-Rowe Source Type: research

Health risks of frozen raw breaded chicken products: A local health unit perspective
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):403-408. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a07. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTRaw chicken, including frozen raw breaded chicken products, has been implicated in 18 outbreaks of nontyphoidal salmonellae in Canada since 2017. The Canadian Food and Inspection Agency has since implemented industry requirements, from April 2019, aimed at reducing salmonellosis risks in frozen raw breaded chicken products prior to their distribution in the retail marketplace. This commentary explores key issues identified by a local public health unit during an investigation of two cases of salmonellosis that oc...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julia Pinheiro Carvalho Mike Benusic Raluca Codat Roxana Gruescu Liz Haydu Lawrence C Loh Source Type: research

Assessing the impact of varying levels of case detection and contact tracing on COVID-19 transmission in Canada during lifting of restrictive closures using a dynamic compartmental model
CONCLUSION: This study underlines the importance of a cautious approach to lifting restrictive closures in this second phase of the epidemic. This approach includes efforts by public health to identify cases and trace contacts, and to encourage Canadians to get tested if they are at risk of having been infected and to maintain physical distancing in public areas.PMID:33447163 | PMC:PMC7799879 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a08 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Antoinette Ludwig Philippe Berthiaume Heather Orpana Claude Nadeau Maikol Diasparra Joel Barnes Deirdre Hennessy Ainsley Otten Nicholas Ogden Source Type: research

Fake news and science denier attacks on vaccines. What can you do?
This article provides a brief overview of evidence-based strategies to address vaccine deniers in public, in clinical practice and in social situations. As well, a strategy to help differentiate between vaccine deniers and simple vaccine refusers in a practice or clinic is provided. Five tactics are widely used by vaccine deniers: conspiracy; fake experts; selectivity; impossible expectations; and misrepresentation and false logic. Recognizing and understanding these tactics can help protect against misinformation and science denialism propaganda. Highlighting the strong medical science consensus on the safety and effectiv...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Noni E MacDonald Source Type: research

Summary of a report for Canadian oral health professionals for a safe return to clinical practice during COVID-19
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(11-12):374-375. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a01. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFollowing the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Canadian healthcare providers were advised or mandated by their regulatory bodies to cease all routine and elective care and only provide emergent/urgent care in March 2020. Two months later, the provincial/territorial governments initiated plans to "re-open" their jurisdictions; however, oral health practitioners are returning to practice in a very different environment, particularly in the domain of infection control and prevent...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus and oral health
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):380-383. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a03. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTCanada is among the world leaders in oral health. Despite this, there are growing concerns about the rising rates of HPV-related mouth and throat cancers. The link between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer is well established; fortunately, thanks to detection and vaccination, Canada has one of the lowest incidence rates of cervical cancer in the world. The HPV-related mouth and throat cancers, however, present a different picture. In Canada, about 25% to 35% of mouth and throat cancers are related to...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Canadian Immunization Guide: "Anaphylaxis and other acute reactions following vaccination" chapter update
CONCLUSION: The updated CIG chapter provides healthcare providers with further clarity in recognizing and managing anaphylaxis in community settings. The updated intramuscular epinephrine dosage table will aid in optimal epinephrine administration, while the revised guidance against the use of diphenhydramine hydrochloride will prevent its unnecessary stockpiling in preparation for potential mass vaccination clinics related to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.PMID:33447159 | PMC:PMC7799880 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a04 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Natalie Dayneka Christina Jensen Kyla Hildebrand Source Type: research

Device-associated infections in Canadian acute-care hospitals from 2009 to 2018
This report provides an overview of 10 years of Canadian data on the epidemiology of select device-associated HAIs.METHODS: Over 40 hospitals submitted data between 2009 and 2018 for hip and knee surgical site infections (SSIs), cerebrospinal fluid shunt SSIs, paediatric cardiac SSIs and/or central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). Counts, rates, patient and hospital characteristics, as well as pathogen distributions and antimicrobial susceptibilities are presented.RESULTS: A total of 4,300 device-associated infections were reported. Central line-associated bloodstream infections were the most common device...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program1* Source Type: research

Translating evidence into practice with the National Advisory Committee on Sexually Transmitted and Blood-Borne Infections
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):398-402. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a06. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFor over 30 years, the Government of Canada has developed guidelines on sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI) with a group of subject matter experts. This expert group provided advice to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) from 2004 to 2019; transitioning to the National Advisory Committee on STBBI (NAC-STBBI) in 2019. NAC-STBBI supports PHAC's mandate to prevent and control infectious diseases by providing advice for the development of STBBI guidelines. The methodology for developing the ...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shamila Shanmugasegaram Stephan Gadient Margaret Gale-Rowe Source Type: research

Health risks of frozen raw breaded chicken products: A local health unit perspective
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):403-408. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a07. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTRaw chicken, including frozen raw breaded chicken products, has been implicated in 18 outbreaks of nontyphoidal salmonellae in Canada since 2017. The Canadian Food and Inspection Agency has since implemented industry requirements, from April 2019, aimed at reducing salmonellosis risks in frozen raw breaded chicken products prior to their distribution in the retail marketplace. This commentary explores key issues identified by a local public health unit during an investigation of two cases of salmonellosis that oc...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julia Pinheiro Carvalho Mike Benusic Raluca Codat Roxana Gruescu Liz Haydu Lawrence C Loh Source Type: research

Assessing the impact of varying levels of case detection and contact tracing on COVID-19 transmission in Canada during lifting of restrictive closures using a dynamic compartmental model
CONCLUSION: This study underlines the importance of a cautious approach to lifting restrictive closures in this second phase of the epidemic. This approach includes efforts by public health to identify cases and trace contacts, and to encourage Canadians to get tested if they are at risk of having been infected and to maintain physical distancing in public areas.PMID:33447163 | PMC:PMC7799879 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a08 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Antoinette Ludwig Philippe Berthiaume Heather Orpana Claude Nadeau Maikol Diasparra Joel Barnes Deirdre Hennessy Ainsley Otten Nicholas Ogden Source Type: research

Fake news and science denier attacks on vaccines. What can you do?
This article provides a brief overview of evidence-based strategies to address vaccine deniers in public, in clinical practice and in social situations. As well, a strategy to help differentiate between vaccine deniers and simple vaccine refusers in a practice or clinic is provided. Five tactics are widely used by vaccine deniers: conspiracy; fake experts; selectivity; impossible expectations; and misrepresentation and false logic. Recognizing and understanding these tactics can help protect against misinformation and science denialism propaganda. Highlighting the strong medical science consensus on the safety and effectiv...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Noni E MacDonald Source Type: research

Summary of a report for Canadian oral health professionals for a safe return to clinical practice during COVID-19
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(11-12):374-375. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a01. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFollowing the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Canadian healthcare providers were advised or mandated by their regulatory bodies to cease all routine and elective care and only provide emergent/urgent care in March 2020. Two months later, the provincial/territorial governments initiated plans to "re-open" their jurisdictions; however, oral health practitioners are returning to practice in a very different environment, particularly in the domain of infection control and prevent...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus and oral health
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):380-383. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a03. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTCanada is among the world leaders in oral health. Despite this, there are growing concerns about the rising rates of HPV-related mouth and throat cancers. The link between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer is well established; fortunately, thanks to detection and vaccination, Canada has one of the lowest incidence rates of cervical cancer in the world. The HPV-related mouth and throat cancers, however, present a different picture. In Canada, about 25% to 35% of mouth and throat cancers are related to...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Canadian Immunization Guide: "Anaphylaxis and other acute reactions following vaccination" chapter update
CONCLUSION: The updated CIG chapter provides healthcare providers with further clarity in recognizing and managing anaphylaxis in community settings. The updated intramuscular epinephrine dosage table will aid in optimal epinephrine administration, while the revised guidance against the use of diphenhydramine hydrochloride will prevent its unnecessary stockpiling in preparation for potential mass vaccination clinics related to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.PMID:33447159 | PMC:PMC7799880 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a04 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Natalie Dayneka Christina Jensen Kyla Hildebrand Source Type: research

Device-associated infections in Canadian acute-care hospitals from 2009 to 2018
This report provides an overview of 10 years of Canadian data on the epidemiology of select device-associated HAIs.METHODS: Over 40 hospitals submitted data between 2009 and 2018 for hip and knee surgical site infections (SSIs), cerebrospinal fluid shunt SSIs, paediatric cardiac SSIs and/or central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). Counts, rates, patient and hospital characteristics, as well as pathogen distributions and antimicrobial susceptibilities are presented.RESULTS: A total of 4,300 device-associated infections were reported. Central line-associated bloodstream infections were the most common device...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program1* Source Type: research

Translating evidence into practice with the National Advisory Committee on Sexually Transmitted and Blood-Borne Infections
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):398-402. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a06. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFor over 30 years, the Government of Canada has developed guidelines on sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI) with a group of subject matter experts. This expert group provided advice to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) from 2004 to 2019; transitioning to the National Advisory Committee on STBBI (NAC-STBBI) in 2019. NAC-STBBI supports PHAC's mandate to prevent and control infectious diseases by providing advice for the development of STBBI guidelines. The methodology for developing the ...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shamila Shanmugasegaram Stephan Gadient Margaret Gale-Rowe Source Type: research

Health risks of frozen raw breaded chicken products: A local health unit perspective
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):403-408. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a07. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTRaw chicken, including frozen raw breaded chicken products, has been implicated in 18 outbreaks of nontyphoidal salmonellae in Canada since 2017. The Canadian Food and Inspection Agency has since implemented industry requirements, from April 2019, aimed at reducing salmonellosis risks in frozen raw breaded chicken products prior to their distribution in the retail marketplace. This commentary explores key issues identified by a local public health unit during an investigation of two cases of salmonellosis that oc...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julia Pinheiro Carvalho Mike Benusic Raluca Codat Roxana Gruescu Liz Haydu Lawrence C Loh Source Type: research

Assessing the impact of varying levels of case detection and contact tracing on COVID-19 transmission in Canada during lifting of restrictive closures using a dynamic compartmental model
CONCLUSION: This study underlines the importance of a cautious approach to lifting restrictive closures in this second phase of the epidemic. This approach includes efforts by public health to identify cases and trace contacts, and to encourage Canadians to get tested if they are at risk of having been infected and to maintain physical distancing in public areas.PMID:33447163 | PMC:PMC7799879 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a08 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Antoinette Ludwig Philippe Berthiaume Heather Orpana Claude Nadeau Maikol Diasparra Joel Barnes Deirdre Hennessy Ainsley Otten Nicholas Ogden Source Type: research

Fake news and science denier attacks on vaccines. What can you do?
This article provides a brief overview of evidence-based strategies to address vaccine deniers in public, in clinical practice and in social situations. As well, a strategy to help differentiate between vaccine deniers and simple vaccine refusers in a practice or clinic is provided. Five tactics are widely used by vaccine deniers: conspiracy; fake experts; selectivity; impossible expectations; and misrepresentation and false logic. Recognizing and understanding these tactics can help protect against misinformation and science denialism propaganda. Highlighting the strong medical science consensus on the safety and effectiv...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Noni E MacDonald Source Type: research

Summary of a report for Canadian oral health professionals for a safe return to clinical practice during COVID-19
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(11-12):374-375. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a01. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFollowing the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Canadian healthcare providers were advised or mandated by their regulatory bodies to cease all routine and elective care and only provide emergent/urgent care in March 2020. Two months later, the provincial/territorial governments initiated plans to "re-open" their jurisdictions; however, oral health practitioners are returning to practice in a very different environment, particularly in the domain of infection control and prevent...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus and oral health
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):380-383. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a03. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTCanada is among the world leaders in oral health. Despite this, there are growing concerns about the rising rates of HPV-related mouth and throat cancers. The link between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer is well established; fortunately, thanks to detection and vaccination, Canada has one of the lowest incidence rates of cervical cancer in the world. The HPV-related mouth and throat cancers, however, present a different picture. In Canada, about 25% to 35% of mouth and throat cancers are related to...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Canadian Immunization Guide: "Anaphylaxis and other acute reactions following vaccination" chapter update
CONCLUSION: The updated CIG chapter provides healthcare providers with further clarity in recognizing and managing anaphylaxis in community settings. The updated intramuscular epinephrine dosage table will aid in optimal epinephrine administration, while the revised guidance against the use of diphenhydramine hydrochloride will prevent its unnecessary stockpiling in preparation for potential mass vaccination clinics related to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.PMID:33447159 | PMC:PMC7799880 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a04 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Natalie Dayneka Christina Jensen Kyla Hildebrand Source Type: research

Device-associated infections in Canadian acute-care hospitals from 2009 to 2018
This report provides an overview of 10 years of Canadian data on the epidemiology of select device-associated HAIs.METHODS: Over 40 hospitals submitted data between 2009 and 2018 for hip and knee surgical site infections (SSIs), cerebrospinal fluid shunt SSIs, paediatric cardiac SSIs and/or central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). Counts, rates, patient and hospital characteristics, as well as pathogen distributions and antimicrobial susceptibilities are presented.RESULTS: A total of 4,300 device-associated infections were reported. Central line-associated bloodstream infections were the most common device...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program1* Source Type: research

Translating evidence into practice with the National Advisory Committee on Sexually Transmitted and Blood-Borne Infections
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):398-402. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a06. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFor over 30 years, the Government of Canada has developed guidelines on sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI) with a group of subject matter experts. This expert group provided advice to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) from 2004 to 2019; transitioning to the National Advisory Committee on STBBI (NAC-STBBI) in 2019. NAC-STBBI supports PHAC's mandate to prevent and control infectious diseases by providing advice for the development of STBBI guidelines. The methodology for developing the ...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shamila Shanmugasegaram Stephan Gadient Margaret Gale-Rowe Source Type: research

Health risks of frozen raw breaded chicken products: A local health unit perspective
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):403-408. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a07. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTRaw chicken, including frozen raw breaded chicken products, has been implicated in 18 outbreaks of nontyphoidal salmonellae in Canada since 2017. The Canadian Food and Inspection Agency has since implemented industry requirements, from April 2019, aimed at reducing salmonellosis risks in frozen raw breaded chicken products prior to their distribution in the retail marketplace. This commentary explores key issues identified by a local public health unit during an investigation of two cases of salmonellosis that oc...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julia Pinheiro Carvalho Mike Benusic Raluca Codat Roxana Gruescu Liz Haydu Lawrence C Loh Source Type: research

Assessing the impact of varying levels of case detection and contact tracing on COVID-19 transmission in Canada during lifting of restrictive closures using a dynamic compartmental model
CONCLUSION: This study underlines the importance of a cautious approach to lifting restrictive closures in this second phase of the epidemic. This approach includes efforts by public health to identify cases and trace contacts, and to encourage Canadians to get tested if they are at risk of having been infected and to maintain physical distancing in public areas.PMID:33447163 | PMC:PMC7799879 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a08 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Antoinette Ludwig Philippe Berthiaume Heather Orpana Claude Nadeau Maikol Diasparra Joel Barnes Deirdre Hennessy Ainsley Otten Nicholas Ogden Source Type: research

Fake news and science denier attacks on vaccines. What can you do?
This article provides a brief overview of evidence-based strategies to address vaccine deniers in public, in clinical practice and in social situations. As well, a strategy to help differentiate between vaccine deniers and simple vaccine refusers in a practice or clinic is provided. Five tactics are widely used by vaccine deniers: conspiracy; fake experts; selectivity; impossible expectations; and misrepresentation and false logic. Recognizing and understanding these tactics can help protect against misinformation and science denialism propaganda. Highlighting the strong medical science consensus on the safety and effectiv...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Noni E MacDonald Source Type: research

Summary of a report for Canadian oral health professionals for a safe return to clinical practice during COVID-19
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(11-12):374-375. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a01. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFollowing the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Canadian healthcare providers were advised or mandated by their regulatory bodies to cease all routine and elective care and only provide emergent/urgent care in March 2020. Two months later, the provincial/territorial governments initiated plans to "re-open" their jurisdictions; however, oral health practitioners are returning to practice in a very different environment, particularly in the domain of infection control and prevent...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus and oral health
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):380-383. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a03. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTCanada is among the world leaders in oral health. Despite this, there are growing concerns about the rising rates of HPV-related mouth and throat cancers. The link between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer is well established; fortunately, thanks to detection and vaccination, Canada has one of the lowest incidence rates of cervical cancer in the world. The HPV-related mouth and throat cancers, however, present a different picture. In Canada, about 25% to 35% of mouth and throat cancers are related to...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Canadian Immunization Guide: "Anaphylaxis and other acute reactions following vaccination" chapter update
CONCLUSION: The updated CIG chapter provides healthcare providers with further clarity in recognizing and managing anaphylaxis in community settings. The updated intramuscular epinephrine dosage table will aid in optimal epinephrine administration, while the revised guidance against the use of diphenhydramine hydrochloride will prevent its unnecessary stockpiling in preparation for potential mass vaccination clinics related to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.PMID:33447159 | PMC:PMC7799880 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a04 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Natalie Dayneka Christina Jensen Kyla Hildebrand Source Type: research

Device-associated infections in Canadian acute-care hospitals from 2009 to 2018
This report provides an overview of 10 years of Canadian data on the epidemiology of select device-associated HAIs.METHODS: Over 40 hospitals submitted data between 2009 and 2018 for hip and knee surgical site infections (SSIs), cerebrospinal fluid shunt SSIs, paediatric cardiac SSIs and/or central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). Counts, rates, patient and hospital characteristics, as well as pathogen distributions and antimicrobial susceptibilities are presented.RESULTS: A total of 4,300 device-associated infections were reported. Central line-associated bloodstream infections were the most common device...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program1* Source Type: research

Translating evidence into practice with the National Advisory Committee on Sexually Transmitted and Blood-Borne Infections
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):398-402. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a06. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFor over 30 years, the Government of Canada has developed guidelines on sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI) with a group of subject matter experts. This expert group provided advice to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) from 2004 to 2019; transitioning to the National Advisory Committee on STBBI (NAC-STBBI) in 2019. NAC-STBBI supports PHAC's mandate to prevent and control infectious diseases by providing advice for the development of STBBI guidelines. The methodology for developing the ...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shamila Shanmugasegaram Stephan Gadient Margaret Gale-Rowe Source Type: research

Health risks of frozen raw breaded chicken products: A local health unit perspective
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):403-408. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a07. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTRaw chicken, including frozen raw breaded chicken products, has been implicated in 18 outbreaks of nontyphoidal salmonellae in Canada since 2017. The Canadian Food and Inspection Agency has since implemented industry requirements, from April 2019, aimed at reducing salmonellosis risks in frozen raw breaded chicken products prior to their distribution in the retail marketplace. This commentary explores key issues identified by a local public health unit during an investigation of two cases of salmonellosis that oc...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julia Pinheiro Carvalho Mike Benusic Raluca Codat Roxana Gruescu Liz Haydu Lawrence C Loh Source Type: research

Assessing the impact of varying levels of case detection and contact tracing on COVID-19 transmission in Canada during lifting of restrictive closures using a dynamic compartmental model
CONCLUSION: This study underlines the importance of a cautious approach to lifting restrictive closures in this second phase of the epidemic. This approach includes efforts by public health to identify cases and trace contacts, and to encourage Canadians to get tested if they are at risk of having been infected and to maintain physical distancing in public areas.PMID:33447163 | PMC:PMC7799879 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a08 (Source: Can Commun Dis Rep)
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Antoinette Ludwig Philippe Berthiaume Heather Orpana Claude Nadeau Maikol Diasparra Joel Barnes Deirdre Hennessy Ainsley Otten Nicholas Ogden Source Type: research

Fake news and science denier attacks on vaccines. What can you do?
This article provides a brief overview of evidence-based strategies to address vaccine deniers in public, in clinical practice and in social situations. As well, a strategy to help differentiate between vaccine deniers and simple vaccine refusers in a practice or clinic is provided. Five tactics are widely used by vaccine deniers: conspiracy; fake experts; selectivity; impossible expectations; and misrepresentation and false logic. Recognizing and understanding these tactics can help protect against misinformation and science denialism propaganda. Highlighting the strong medical science consensus on the safety and effectiv...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Noni E MacDonald Source Type: research

Summary of a report for Canadian oral health professionals for a safe return to clinical practice during COVID-19
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(11-12):374-375. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a01. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTFollowing the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Canadian healthcare providers were advised or mandated by their regulatory bodies to cease all routine and elective care and only provide emergent/urgent care in March 2020. Two months later, the provincial/territorial governments initiated plans to "re-open" their jurisdictions; however, oral health practitioners are returning to practice in a very different environment, particularly in the domain of infection control and prevent...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus and oral health
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2020 Nov 5;46(1112):380-383. doi: 10.14745/ccdr.v46i1112a03. eCollection 2020 Nov 5.ABSTRACTCanada is among the world leaders in oral health. Despite this, there are growing concerns about the rising rates of HPV-related mouth and throat cancers. The link between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer is well established; fortunately, thanks to detection and vaccination, Canada has one of the lowest incidence rates of cervical cancer in the world. The HPV-related mouth and throat cancers, however, present a different picture. In Canada, about 25% to 35% of mouth and throat cancers are related to...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada1 Source Type: research