Correction
Conget I, Mauricio D, Ortega R on behalf of the CHADIG Study investigators, et al. Characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus newly treated with GLP-1 receptor agonists (CHADIG Study): a cross-sectional multicentre study in Spain. BMJ Open 2016;6:e010197. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010197 Four of the Collaborator names were written incorrectly. ‘Francisco Merino Torres’ should have been written ‘Juan Francisco Merino-Torres’, ‘Fernando Gómez Peralta’ as ‘Fernando Gomez-Peralta’, ‘Diego Bellido Guerrero&rs...
Source: BMJ Open - February 12, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Tags: Open access Correction Source Type: research

Individual patient data meta-analysis of combined treatments versus psychotherapy (with or without pill placebo), pharmacotherapy or pill placebo for adult depression: a protocol
Introduction There are many proven treatments (psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy or their combination) for the treatment of depression. Although there is growing evidence for the effectiveness of combination treatment (psychotherapy + pharmacotherapy) over pharmacotherapy alone, psychotherapy alone or psychotherapy plus pill placebo, for depression, little is known about which specific groups of patients may respond best to combined treatment versus monotherapy. Conventional meta-analyses techniques have limitations when tasked with examining whether specific individual characteristics moderate the effect of treatment on depr...
Source: BMJ Open - February 12, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Weitz, E., Kleiboer, A., van Straten, A., Hollon, S. D., Cuijpers, P. Tags: Open access, Evidence based practice, Mental health Protocol Source Type: research

Retrospective observational study of trends in hospital admissions for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in Spain (2004-2013) using administrative data
Objective To assess changes in incidence, diagnostic procedures, comorbidity profiles, length of hospital stay (LOHS), economic costs and in-hospital mortality (IHM) associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Methods We identified patients hospitalised with IPF in Spain from 2004 to 2013. Data were collected from the National Hospital Discharge Database. Results The study population comprised 22 214 patients. Overall crude incidence increased from 3.82 to 6.98 admissions per 100 000 inhabitants from 2004 to 2013 (p
Source: BMJ Open - February 12, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Pedraza-Serrano, F., Lopez de Andres, A., Jimenez-Garcia, R., Jimenez-Trujillo, I., Hernandez-Barrera, V., Sanchez-Munoz, G., Puente-Maestu, L., de Miguel-Diez, J. Tags: Open access, Epidemiology, Respiratory medicine Research Source Type: research

Toxoplasma gondii exposure and Parkinson's disease: a case-control study
Conclusions The results do not support an association between T. gondii infection and Parkinson's disease. However, T. gondii infection might have an influence on certain symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Further research to elucidate the role of T. gondii exposure on Parkinson's disease is warranted. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 12, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Alvarado-Esquivel, C., Mendez-Hernandez, E. M., Salas-Pacheco, J. M., Ruano-Calderon, L. A., Hernandez-Tinoco, J., Arias-Carrion, O., Sanchez-Anguiano, L. F., Castellanos-Juarez, F. X., Sandoval-Carrillo, A. A., Liesenfeld, O., Ramos-Nevarez, A. Tags: Open access, Epidemiology, Infectious diseases, Neurology, Public health Research Source Type: research

Measurement properties of self-report physical activity assessment tools in stroke: a protocol for a systematic review
Discussion This systematic review will provide an extensive review of the measurement properties and clinical utility of self-report physical activity assessment tools used in individuals with stroke, which would benefit clinicians and researchers. Trial registration number PROSPERO CRD42016037146. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 12, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Martins, J. C., Aguiar, L. T., Nadeau, S., Scianni, A. A., Teixeira-Salmela, L. F., Faria, C. D. C. d. M. Tags: Open access, Neurology, Rehabilitation medicine Protocol Source Type: research

Feasibility of peer assessment and clinical audit to self-regulate the quality of physiotherapy services: a mixed methods study
Conclusions This study demonstrated that bottom-up initiatives to improve healthcare quality can be effective. The results justify ongoing evaluation to inform nationwide implementation when the critical success features are addressed. Further research is necessary to explore the sustainability of the results and the impact on client outcomes in a full-scale study. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 9, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Maas, M. J. M., Nijhuis-van der Sanden, M. W. G., Driehuis, F., Heerkens, Y. F., van der Vleuten, C. P. M., van der Wees, P. J. Tags: Open access, Health services research, Medical education and training, Patient-centred medicine Source Type: research

Randomised trial assessing the impact of framing of fracture risk and osteoporosis treatment benefits in patients undergoing bone densitometry
Conclusions Altering the framing of estimated fracture risks and treatment benefits had little effect on participants' perception of the need to take treatment or their individual fracture risk. Trial registration number ACTRN12613001081707; Pre-results. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 9, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Kalluru, R., Petrie, K. J., Grey, A., Nisa, Z., Horne, A. M., Gamble, G. D., Bolland, M. J. Tags: Open access, Communication, Diabetes and Endocrinology Research Source Type: research

ESPACOMP Medication Adherence Reporting Guidelines (EMERGE): a reactive-Delphi study protocol
This study uses a reactive-Delphi design where a group of topic experts will be asked to rate the relevance and clarity of an initial list of items, in addition to suggesting further items and/or modifications of the initial items. The initial item list, generated by the EMERGE steering committee through a structured process, consists of 26 items distributed in 2 sections: 4 items representing the taxonomy-based minimum reporting criteria, and 22 items organised according to the common reporting sections. A purposive sample of experts will be selected from relevant disciplines and diverse geographical locations. Consensus ...
Source: BMJ Open - February 9, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Helmy, R., Zullig, L. L., Dunbar-Jacob, J., Hughes, D. A., Vrijens, B., Wilson, I. B., De Geest, S. Tags: Open access, Health services research, Medical publishing and peer review, Patient-centred medicine, Public health, Research methods Protocol Source Type: research

What are the decision-making preferences of patients in vascular surgery? A mixed-methods study
Conclusions The vast majority of vascular surgical patients preferred, but did not experience a shared role in the decision-making process, although the concept of SDM was insufficiently clear to some patients. This emphasises the importance of explaining the concept of SDM and implementing it in the clinical encounter. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 9, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Santema, T. B. K., Stoffer, E. A., Kunneman, M., Koelemay, M. J. W., Ubbink, D. T. Tags: Open access, Communication, Evidence based practice, Patient-centred medicine, Qualitative research, Surgery Source Type: research

Perineal resuturing versus expectant management following vaginal delivery complicated by a dehisced wound (PREVIEW): a nested qualitative study
Conclusions To the best of our knowledge, this is the first qualitative study to grant women the opportunity to voice their personal experiences of a dehisced perineal wound and their views on the management offered. The powerful testimonies presented disclose the extent of morbidity experienced while also revealing a strong preference for a treatment option. Trial registration number ISRCTN05754020; results. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 9, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Dudley, L., Kettle, C., Waterfield, J., Ismail, K. M. K. Tags: Open access, Evidence based practice, Health services research, Qualitative research, Sexual health, Obgyn Source Type: research

Multisite musculoskeletal pain in adolescence and later mental health disorders: a population-based registry study of Norwegian youth: the NAAHS cohort study
Conclusions Physicians should be aware that multisite adolescent pain is associated with mental health problems in adolescence, and that these adolescents are at increased risk of mental health disorders in young adulthood. As youth troubled by mental health problems commonly present physical symptoms it is important to examine for psychosocial problems in order to offer early interventions. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 9, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Eckhoff, C., Straume, B., Kvernmo, S. Tags: Open access, Epidemiology, General practice / Family practice, Mental health, Paediatrics, Public health Research Source Type: research

Multilayered and digitally structured presentation formats of trustworthy recommendations: a combined survey and randomised trial
Conclusions Clinicians clearly preferred a novel multilayered presentation format to the standard format. Whether the preferred format improves decision-making and has an impact on patient important outcomes merits further investigation. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 9, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Brandt, L., Vandvik, P. O., Alonso-Coello, P., Akl, E. A., Thornton, J., Rigau, D., Adams, K., O'Connor, P., Guyatt, G., Kristiansen, A., Fracisco, Achille, Rosenbaum Tags: Open access, Communication, Epidemiology, Evidence based practice, Health informatics Research Source Type: research

Systematic review of the effective components of psychosocial interventions delivered by care home staff to people with dementia
Conclusions Psychosocial interventions can improve outcomes for staff and residents with dementia in care homes; however, many trial results are limited. Synthesis of qualitative findings highlight core components of interventions that staff value and feel improve care. These findings provide useful evidence to inform the development of sustainable, effective psychosocial interventions in care homes. Trial registration number CRD42015017621. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 8, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Rapaport, P., Livingston, G., Murray, J., Mulla, A., Cooper, C. Tags: Open access, Geriatric medicine, Health services research, Mental health, Neurology Source Type: research

Specifying the content of home-based health behaviour change interventions for older people with frailty or at risk of frailty: an exploratory systematic review
Conclusions Interventions appeared to have greatest impact on physical function where they included behavioural instructions, environmental modification and practical social support. Yet, mechanisms of effects are unclear, because impact on behavioural outcomes has rarely been considered. Moreover, the robustness of our findings is also unclear, because interventions have been poorly reported. Greater engagement with behavioural science is needed when developing and evaluating home-based health interventions. PROSPERO registration number ID=CRD42014010370 (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 8, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Gardner, B., Jovicic, A., Belk, C., Kharicha, K., Iliffe, S., Manthorpe, J., Goodman, C., Drennan, V. M., Walters, K. Tags: Open access, Evidence based practice, Geriatric medicine, Public health Research Source Type: research

Observational study of haemostatic dysfunction and bleeding in neonates with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy
Objective Evaluate the relationship between initial haemostatic parameters and the frequency and severity of bleeding in neonates with hypoxic–ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). Design Retrospective observational cohort study. Setting 2 academically affiliated level III neonatal intensive care units in Atlanta, Georgia. Participants 98 neonates with moderate-to-severe HIE who underwent haemostatic testing within 12 hours of birth and were born from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2013. Primary and secondary outcome measures Initial haemostatic dysfunction was defined as one or more of the following: prothrombin t...
Source: BMJ Open - February 8, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Pakvasa, M. A., Winkler, A. M., Hamrick, S. E., Josephson, C. D., Patel, R. M. Tags: Open access, Intensive care, Paediatrics Research Source Type: research

Associations of participation in community assets with health-related quality of life and healthcare usage: a cross-sectional study of older people in the community
Conclusions Participation in community assets is associated with substantially higher HRQoL but is not associated with lower healthcare costs. The social value of developing community assets is potentially substantial. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 8, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Munford, L. A., Sidaway, M., Blakemore, A., Sutton, M., Bower, P. Tags: Open access, Health economics, Public health Research Source Type: research

Commissioning through competition and cooperation in the English NHS under the Health and Social Care Act 2012: evidence from a qualitative study of four clinical commissioning groups
Conclusions Commissioners regard the use of competition and cooperation as appropriate in the NHS currently, although collaborative strategies appear more helpful in respect of large-scale changes. However, the current regulatory framework contained in the HSCA 2012, particularly since the publication of the 5YFV, is not clear. Better guidance should be issued by the regulatory authorities. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 8, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Allen, P., Osipovic, D., Shepherd, E., Coleman, A., Perkins, N., Garnett, E., Williams, L. Tags: Open access, Health economics, Health policy, Health services research Source Type: research

110: seasonality in human cases of crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever and its dependence on temperature - empirical evidence from pakistan
In this study, we carried out time series analysis of data (2007–2010) from three tertiary care hospitals to provide empirical evidence of seasonality in disease occurrence and its association with temperature. Cosinor model revealed statistically significant seasonality in monthly number of CCHF patients admitted to the hospitals. The estimated amplitude was 3.24 cases per month with phase (i.e. peak location) in mid-June and low point (i.e. nadir) in mid-December. Generalized linear model revealed association between monthly number of CCHF admissions and average monthly temperature. A unit increase in temperature i...
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Abbas, T., Younus, M., Qayyum, A., Riaz, M. T. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

109: risk management and patient safety in operating room: a systematic review
Conclusion: Results from this project gives healthcare managers, policy makers, and operating room staff useful information to increase surgical rooms efficiency and patient safety. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Kabiri, N., Jannati, A., Vahed, N., Oskouei, M. M. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

108: reviewing the evidence for performance of "nurse companionship program" during cesarean section
Conclusion: To developing an effective program specifically for women undergoing cesarean section, there is a need for Delphi study which is done base on guidelines and programs recommended in these scientific studies. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Lotfi, M., Roshangar, F., Aghazadeh, A. M., Asghari, E., Aghaee, E. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

107: review of the quality hospitals websites in khorasan razavi province
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that, yet most websites do not regard minimal medical standards and also, they could not establish good relationships with their audiences. In fact, in Iran, still regard to the quality and performance of websites has not been one of the priorities for improving service quality in hospitals. The findings of this study can be effective in the identification and development of hospital websites quality criteria in terms of design, content, performance and management and how to use. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Dastani, M., Sattari, M. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

106: review of screening program effect on incidence of hemolytic disease due to g6pd deficiencies
Conclusion: Even so the cases reduced from 102 at 2005 to 33 at 2015 (60% reduction) but the most case were on 2009 and 2013 with 102 case and 145 case respectively. The cause of developing of these case is under observation and consideration. The most noticeable causes of occurrences are misunderstanding of the parents from permanent nature of disease (63.0%), neglecting disease (12.0%), Lack of providing of screening results to parents (12.0%) and use of Oxidant agents without parental supervision (8.0%), use of wrong Oxidant medication (5.0%).Despite of large expenses for screening program it seems that educate and prov...
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tarhani, F., Dalvand, S. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

105: relationship between antenatal and postpartum depression with weight retention 1 year after childbirth
This study performed to examine the extent to which trimesters of pregnancy and early postpartum depression is associated with weight retention 1 year after childbirth. Methods: In a prospective cohort study of 307 women enrolled in Project with title "association between prepregnancy BMI and postpartum depression", 62 women with class 2 and 3 of obesity and 245 with normal prepregnancy BMI, reported depressive symptoms on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy and 6-8 weeks postpartum. A score>13 indicated probable depression. Associations between antenata...
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Pourmehr, H. S., Farshbafkhalili, A., Mohammadi, F., Malakouti, J., Rafiee, S., Abdi, M., Jafarilar, N. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

104: quality of sleep and daily activity of the elderly in zanjan
Conclusion: Although the elderly in this study have poor sleep quality, they are independent in performing ADL and IADL. Furthermore, there is a weak and direct correlation between sleep quality and instrumental activities of the old people. Improvement of activity in the elderly can improve their quality of sleep. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Salimi, S., Pakpour, V., Hosseiny, R. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

103: psychometric properties of the persian version of the patient satisfaction questionnaire
Conclusion: Persian version of PSQ had satisfactory reliability and validity, as well as adequate feasibility based on the field results. Medical teachers and managers at every Persian-speaking country can reliably evaluate residents' communication skills, applying the Persian version of PSQ. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Nouri, M., Ghaffarifar, S., Bazargani, H. S., Ghaffari, R. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

102: promoting information literacy by promoting health literacy in the information society
Conclusion: The information society by providing a platform of information technology and computer systems to attempts exchange and development information between people in the community. Currently, electronic and web-based health information in the form of mass is available for people. Information as a fundamental base of the information society is a phenomenon that our decisions are affect in relation to various issues such as safety and health issues. It is important point to avoid the mass of information invalid, incorrect and inappropriate available on the internet. This requires information literacy skills such as i...
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Dastani, M., Sattari, M. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

101: prolegomena to a true integrative medical paradigm
When a paradigm starts to show signs of failure to cope with significant questions in any basic/applied branch of human knowledge, there come on the scene those who have perused the related literature enough to either answer those major questions according to the established paradigm or proffer a (wholly) new way of looking at things. In the latter case, the history of science tells us, a paradigm shift takes place. Modern medicine cannot be proven to be totally disconnected from its traditional roots. Where traditional medicine came to give its place to present-day conventional medicine, a number of humanistic aspects of ...
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Daneshfard, B., Sanaye, R., Nimrouzi, M. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

100: professional values of the nursing students' perspective: do nursing education prepare students for applying of professional values in clinical practice?
This study was a descriptive-analytical research. A total of 100 undergraduate nursing students by stratified random sampling participated from a university in Kerman, Iran in 2016. Data were collected by Persian version of the Nurses Professional Values Scale-Revised (NPVS-R) Weis and Schank. Data analyzed by SPSS version 19. Results: The findings showed that student's mean score of professional values were high (101.79±12.42). The four most important professional values identified by students were maintaining confidentiality of patients, safeguarding patients' right to privacy, assuming responsibility for meeting...
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Poorchangizi, B., Farokhzadian, J., Borhani, F., Abbaszadeh, A., Mirzaee, M. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

11: an evidence based approach to improvement of time visit in the biggest university policlinic tabriz university of medical sciences experience
Conclusion: Following instructions of evolution plan we witnessed doubling of visit duration and qualitative and quantitative promotion of services comparing with the past, where in previous studies of the country we had 4.7, 7.6, and 8 minutes comparing with numbers above 23 minutes in America. Therefore it would not be surprising to expect significant improvements and reach standards (20 minutes) if there are on-time payments for physicians' receivables as well as managerial efforts with evidence based approach. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Bakhshian, F., Beirami, H. J., Beirami, S. J., Fatollahi, S. Y. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

10: adjustment the best strategies to new evidence-based teaching: need to change and prospective for future
Conclusion: It is the responsibility of the academic institutions and policy-makers in medical education to provide condition that promotes evidence-based strategies and adjust to teaching method. It decreases the gap between theory and practice and it also promotes the quality of teaching- learning process in evidence-based contents. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Taghipour, N., mosalanejad, l., Javdani, F., abdollahifard, S. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

1: a content analysis of pediatric information in iranian newspapers
Conclusion: The findings of this study show that pediatric is well covered in examined newspapers. But authorities should pay more attention to subjects like Pathophysiology of body fluids and fluid therapy, Gynecological problems in childhood, Human Genetics, metabolic disorders and children with special needs. Finally, since the audience of newspapers consists of public people the scientific credibility of the claims made in these messages should be regarded. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Farashbandi, F. Z., Amini, F., Kelishadi, R., Rahimi, A. Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research

183: iranian traditional medicine and evidence-based medicine: an overview of dialogue between two paradigms
Conclusion: ITM, similarly to other paradigms, has distinct and noticeable characteristics and should be outreached internally. Although the rules of other paradigms may inhibit its ongoing evolution, but are disable to destruct its structure completely. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Moradi, S., Hosseini, A. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

182: iranian academic's viewpoint concerning research social networks (rsns)
Conclusion: RSNs are valuable and useful for Iranian academics and is great opportunity to associate with other researches in global network of sciences. Well-designed and properly supported RSNs infrastructures and encouraged researchers to joint RSNs should be considered by mangers and policy makers. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Abdekhoda, M., Salehi, N., Gavgani, V. z. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

181: information prescription for heart failure patients; a randomized controlled trial
Conclusion: Findings of this pilot study have shown that physician prescribed information intervention is clinically effective in reduction of death and re-admission rate in HF patients classified in functional class of III or IV. However to achieve the level of certainty based on statistical significance more evidence are still needed. Physician prescribed information intervention is a low cost, safe and risk free intervention comparing to other complementary intervention specially other educational programs for chronic conditions such as HF. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Gavgani, V. Z., Golmohammadi, A., Sadeghi-Bazargani, H., Majd, F. K. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

180: identifying electronic health literacy level in adult patients: an iranian experience
Conclusion: Exploring a patient's HL levels may provide a better understanding of the patient's potential barriers to self-management of dental diseases and health-promoting behaviours. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Valizadeh-Haghi, S., Seifi, L. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

179: health technology assessment of femiscan for urinary incontinence management: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion: No significant difference was seen between adding or not-adding biofeedback to PFMT. In total, non-surgical treatments have appropriate effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. Although, due to the regulatory effect of biofeedback on training it can be mentioned that performing PFMT with observation and also using PFMT along with bio feedback can be considered as an effective intervention in contrast to using PFMT without any observation. This conclusion is obtained with regard to the therapeutic effects and the economic analysis. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Hajebrahimi, S., Mahboub-Ahari, A., Kabiri, N., Pashazadeh, F. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

178: forecasting the shortage of neurosurgeons in iran using a system dynamics model approach
Conclusion: Results of the study suggests that shortage of neurosurgeons in some areas of the country relates to maldistribution of the specialists. Accordingly there is a need to reconsider the allocation system for health professionals within the country instead of increasing the overall number of acceptance quota in training positions. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Ezzatabadi, M. R., Zadeh, S. A., Rafiei, S. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

177: eye care in the intensive care patients: an evidence based review
Conclusion: With application of simple protocols, exposure keratopathy can be prevented, thus improving patient care in the intensive care unit. ICU staff should be educated about the eye care of critical care patients. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Taheri-Kharameh, Z. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

176: evidence-based and effective research skills of iranian middle school students
Conclusion: Most of the students were not familiar with valid sources of research evidence. Language barrier may limit their access to best evidence. Most students were not used to retrieving the evidence. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Mostafaei, H., Sadeghi-Ghyassi, F., Mostafaei, H. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

175: evaluating the principles in which the decisions about pivotal matters in iranian health system are made
Conclusion: Developing the importance and role of using evidence in making better decisions and policies for health managers and policy-makers and localizing global evidence are proper ways to enhance the use of evidence-informed decision-making approach in Iranian health system. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Doshmangir, L., Rashidian, A. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

174: etiology and patterns of facial fractures in iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion: The main etiology of mid-facial fractures is automobile and motorcycle accidents. Protective measures were not observed in the majority of patients. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Amirzade-Iranaq, M. H., Masoumi, S. M. R. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

173: effectiveness of community and school- based interventions on control and prevention of tobacco use in adolescents: a randomized community intervention trial
Background and aims: Most consumers of tobacco begin to consume it before age 18. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of community and school-based interventions to reduce tobacco consumption in high school students. Methods: This was a randomized community intervention trial. We first selected two economically and culturally similar cities including Ajabshir and Malekan in East Azerbaijan province, Iran, then one city, Ajabshir, was randomly selected for intervention. The intervention included educational activities and community-based environmental policies. Final year high school students including 1965 a...
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Khayyati, F., Rahmani, K. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

172: economic burden of road traffic injuries in low and middle income countries versus high income countries: a systematic review
Conclusion: The economic burden of RTI in LMIC is nearly a half of the health expenditure in these countries. Also the economic burden of RTI in HIC is a quarter of total health expenditure. This evidence emphasizes the importance of road safety interventions as cost-benefit interventions. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Zakeri, R., Nosratnejad, S. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

171: dissemination of evidence based knowledge on metabolic syndrome (ms) from research to practice: bangladesh context
Conclusion: Allied persons are now giving the second thoughts to design, run or implement new endeavour focusing the key findings of this project. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Natasha, K., Liaquat, A. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

170: development of pelvic organ prolapse guidelines
Conclusion: The present guideline is based on high quality evidences and can be used for management of patients suffering POP problems. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Bastani, P., Hajebrahimi, S., Mallah, F., Ghaderi, F., Rasouli, L. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

169: development of a scale for measuring evidence-searching capability: a modified delphi study
Conclusion: This study is the first to develop a scale for measuring evidence-searching skills. The scale fills in the gap in objective assessment of knowledge-acquiring ability, and may be used in improving the training of evidence-searching skills. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Chi, C.-C., Tsai, Y.-S., Fang, T.-P. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

168: designing of the health journalists training course in the area of health promotion
Conclusion: The results of this study led to designing of a curriculum of health journalists training course in the area of health promotion. It is hoped that by implementing through the course by intersectional collaboration of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education and the press, health reporters can publish correct and accurate medical events and improve the health literacy of the community. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Kheshvari, M., Yamani, N., Abidi, P., Shahnazi, H. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

167: critically appraise of the reporting quality of randomized controlled trials articles in the field of diabetes in medical guidelines in iran
Conclusion: The reporting quality of abstracts of RCTs on Diabetes mellitus still should be improved. After the publication of CONSORT for abstracts guideline, the RCT abstracts reporting quality were improvement to some extent. The presence of RCTs on diabetes mellitus in guidelines was poor. This indicates that RCTs on diabetes mellitus need substantial improvement. In order to present an adequate reporting of the randomized controlled trial results, it is necessary that comprehensive information be given about the study's design, implementation, included groups, and method of data analysis and interpretation of the resu...
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Aletaha, A., Baradaran, H. R., Soltani, A., Ramezani, A. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

166: continuous midwifery led care compared to other models: an evidence-based journal club
Conclusions: The results of the best evidence were searched and also findings of discussion in expert group showed that while the studies were reviewed in this journal club had performed in countries with no cultural similarities with Iran, but due to the high quality f this study, it can be a model for designing similar interventions in Iranian society. The findings of the study can help reproductive health policymakers in designing evidence based interventions regarding continuous midwifery led care programs. This study showed that continuous midwifery led care has the most benefits and the least side effects and if poli...
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Shahhosseini, Z., Gardeshi, Z. H., Valukolaee, M. H., Khermandichali, F. Y. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

165: comparison of shiraz and rafsanjan medical students entering clinical training in evidence based medicine (ebm) knowledge in 1395
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that there is no significant difference between the knowledge of medical students in type 1 (Shiraz) and type 2 (Rafsanjan) universities. This can be due to the absence of EBM in the universities curriculum, and we suggest that EBM needs more attention in education and curriculum. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - February 7, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Kazemi, M. Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research