Medical school research ranking is associated with gender inequality in MSTP application rates
The number of female trainees in MD and biomedical PhD programs has reached near parity with their male counterparts for several years. However, a gender disparity persists for enrollment in Medical Scientist ... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - August 6, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Caitlin J. Bowen, Calvin J. Kersbergen, Olive Tang, Andrea Cox and Mary Catherine Beach Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Independent investigator incubator (I3): a comprehensive mentorship program to jumpstart productive research careers for junior faculty
In the highly competitive environment of academic medicine, junior faculty investigators face high attrition rates due to challenges in finding effective mentorship, securing grant funding, and obtaining resou... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - August 6, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: John Paul Spence, Jennifer L. Buddenbaum, Paula J. Bice, Julie L. Welch and Aaron E. Carroll Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Academic career preparation for residents - are we on the right track? Prevalence of specialized tracks in emergency medicine training programs
Residency prepares trainees to deliver clinical care. It ’s unknown if there is adequate career preparation, particularly for academic medicine. Prior literature has shown that interest in pursuing an academic ... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - August 3, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Jaime Jordan, Michael Hwang and Wendy C. Coates Tags: Research article Source Type: research

A study of resident duty hours and burnout in a sample of Saudi residents
Work hour restrictions in residency programs have been implemented over the last several decades in Europe, USA, and Canada. To best of our knowledge, there is no study of resident duty hours in the Kingdom of... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - August 2, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tahir Kamal Hameed, Emad Masuadi, Nejoud Ali Al Asmary, Faisal Ghayb Al-Anzi and Mohammed Saleh Al Dubayee Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Using integrated problem- and lecture-based learning teaching modes for imaging diagnosis education
There are two parts included in traditional imaging diagnosis teaching: theoretical lessons and experimental lessons. Most of the time, the experimental lesson is a review of the theoretical lesson. The teache... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - August 2, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Jun-Yan Yue, Jie Chen, Wen-Guang Dou, Chang-Hua Liang, Qing-Wu Wu, Yi-Yong Ma, Zhi-Ping Zhu, Mei-Xia Li and Yan-Long Hu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Three-dimensional printing models in congenital heart disease education for medical students: a controlled comparative study
This study sought to assess, using subjective (self-assessment) and objective (MCQ) methods, the efficacy of using heart models with ventricular septal defect lesions produced with three-dimensional printing t... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - August 2, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Wei Su, Yunbin Xiao, Siping He, Peng Huang and Xicheng Deng Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Pharmacy and nursing students ’ attitudes toward nurse-pharmacist collaboration at a Chinese university
This study measured pharmacy and nursing students ’ attitudes toward nurse-pharmacist collabor... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - August 2, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Shu-ping Wang, Jun Wang, Qiu-hong Huang, Ying-hong Zhang and Juan Liu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Measuring dexterity in the podiatrist population: a cross-sectional comparison of novice students and experienced podiatrists
There is no ‘gold-standard’ for the evaluation of dexterity for the health professional or podiatrist populations. This has resulted in a broad array of generalised tests to evaluate dexterity. Thus, the aim w... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - August 2, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Ryan Causby, Michelle McDonnell, Lloyd Reed and Susan Hillier Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Development, administration, and validity evidence of a subspecialty preparatory test toward licensure: a pilot study
Trainees in medical subspecialties lack validated assessment scores that can be used to prepare for their licensing examination. This paper presents the development, administration, and validity evidence of a ... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - August 1, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: John Johnson, Alan Schwartz, Matthew Lineberry, Faisal Rehman and Yoon Soo Park Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Evidence-based practice educational intervention studies: a systematic review of what is taught and how it is measured
Despite the established interest in evidence-based practice (EBP) as a core competence for clinicians, evidence for how best to teach and evaluate EBP remains weak. We sought to systematically assess coverage ... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - August 1, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Loai Albarqouni, Tammy Hoffmann and Paul Glasziou Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Predictors of confidence in anatomy knowledge for work as a junior doctor: a national survey of Australian medical students
Major changes to the teaching of anatomy associated with the integration of basic and clinical sciences in modern medical curricula have coincided with students reporting concern over achievement of learning o... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 31, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: John E. Farey, David T. Bui, David Townsend, Premala Sureshkumar, Sandra Carr and Chris Roberts Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The role of the smartphone in the transition from medical student to foundation trainee: a qualitative interview and focus group study
The transition from medical student to junior doctor is one of the most challenging in medicine, affecting both doctor and patient health. Opportunities to support this transition have arisen from advances in ... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 31, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: John E. A. Shenouda, Bethany S. Davies and Inam Haq Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The impact of patient feedback on the medical performance of qualified doctors: a systematic review
Patient feedback is considered integral to quality improvement and professional development. However, while popular across the educational continuum, evidence to support its efficacy in facilitating positive b... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 31, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Rebecca Baines, Sam Regan de Bere, Sebastian Stevens, Jamie Read, Martin Marshall, Mirza Lalani, Marie Bryce and Julian Archer Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Improving patient safety by enhancing raising concerns at medical school
Doctors and medical students have a professional responsibility to raise concerns. Failure to raise concerns may compromise patient safety. It is widely known that medical students frequently encounter unprofe... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 28, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Luke Johnson, Natasha Malik, Irene Gafson, Naomi Gostelow, Jayne Kavanagh, Ann Griffin and Faye Gishen Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Strategies for teaching evidence-based practice in nursing education: a thematic literature review
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is imperative for ensuring patient safety. Although teaching strategies to enhance EBP knowledge and skills are recommended, recent research indicates that nurses may not be well ... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 28, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: May-Elin T. Horntvedt, Anita Nordsteien, Torbj ørg Fermann and Elisabeth Severinsson Tags: Research article Source Type: research

A qualitative exploration: questioning multisource feedback in residency education
Multisource feedback (MSF), involves the collection of feedback from multiple groups of assessors, including those without a traditional hierarchal responsibility to evaluate doctors. Allied healthcare profess... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 24, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Brie A. Yama, Michael Hodgins, Katherine Boydell and Sarah B. Schwartz Tags: Research article Source Type: research

An economical strategy for early medical education in ultrasound
A movement to include ultrasound training in undergraduate medical education is slowly taking place. However, many educational institutions are hesitant to include formal ultrasound training as a part of their... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 18, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Alexandra Mullen, Brendan Kim, Jose Puglisi and Nena Lundgreen Mason Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Academic dishonesty among academics in Malaysia: a comparison between healthcare and non-healthcare academics
This study was carried out to gauge the prevalence of academic dishonesty among academics in Malaysian universities. A direct comparison was made between academics of healthcare and non-healthcare courses to n... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 17, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: John Jeh Lung Tiong, Hui Ling Kho, Chun-Wai Mai, Hui Ling Lau and Syed Shahzad Hasan Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Correction to: A systematic review of the literature describing the outcomes of near-peer mentoring programs for first year medical students
Following publication of the original article [1], the author reported incorrect referencing in Table 1 as the references of the papers in the table don ’t match with the text. (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 13, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Olawunmi Akinla, Pamela Hagan and William Atiomo Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Associations between symptoms of attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and life satisfaction in medical students: the mediating effect of resilience
Research on symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in medical students is rather scant. Studying the disorder in this population, especially its associations with positive psychological co... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 13, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Meng Shi, Li Liu, Xiao Sun and Lie Wang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Understanding barriers for research involvement among paediatric trainees: a mixed methods study
Child Health research is reported to be at worryingly low level by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. Recent survey showed that 54.5% of paediatric consultants in the United Kingdom do not do a... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 13, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Khurram Mustafa, Carolyn Czoski Murray, Emma Nicklin, Adam Glaser and Jacqueline Andrews Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The development of a training course for clubfoot treatment in Africa: learning points for course development
Clubfoot is a common congenital musculoskeletal disorder that causes mobility impairment. There is a lack of trained mid-level personnel to provide clubfoot treatment in Africa and there is no standard trainin... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 13, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tracey Smythe, Grace Le, Rosalind Owen, Birhanu Ayana, Linda Hansen and Christopher Lavy Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Development of a web-based tool for undergraduate engagement in medical research; the ProjectPal experience
We report the development and evaluation of a web-based tool designed to facilitate student extra-curricular engagement in medical research through project matching students with academic supervisors. (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 13, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Timothy M. Rawson, Prasanthi Sivakumaran, Rhannon Lobo, Gheed Mahir, Adam Rossiter, Jeremy Levy, Alison H. McGregor, Martin Lupton, Graham Easton and Dipender Gill Tags: Software Source Type: research

Correction to: A systematic review of stakeholder views of selection methods for medical schools admission
Following publication of the original article [1], the author report typographical errors in the (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 5, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: M. E. Kelly, F. Patterson, S. O ’Flynn, J. Mulligan and A. W. Murphy Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Efficient undergraduate learning of liver transplant: building a framework for teaching subspecialties to medical students
Liver recipients may develop various diseases after transplant. However, because of inadequate study of liver transplant during undergraduate education, the quality of post-transplant care provided to these pa... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 4, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Cheng-Maw Ho, Jann-Yuan Wang, Chi-Chuan Yeh, Yao-Ming Wu, Ming-Chih Ho, Rey-Heng Hu and Po-Huang Lee Tags: Research article Source Type: research

UK medical students ’ attitudes towards their future careers and general practice: a cross-sectional survey and qualitative analysis of an Oxford cohort
Against the background of the recruitment crisis in general practice, we aimed to determine what United Kingdom (UK) medical students value in their future careers, how they perceive careers in general practic... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 4, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Sarah Barber, Rachel Brettell, Rafael Perera-Salazar, Trisha Greenhalgh and Richard Harrington Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Educating speech-language pathologists working in early intervention on environmental health
The goals of this study were (1) to determine early intervention (EI) Speech-Language Pathologists ’ (SLPs) level of training and knowledge on environmental toxicants and their effect on infant and child develo... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 3, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Emily Zimmerman, Catherine Borkowski, Stephanie Clark and Phil Brown Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The effect of nurse empowerment educational program on patient safety culture: a randomized controlled trial
The complexity of patients ’ condition and treatment processes in intensive care units (ICUs) predisposes patients to more hazardous events. Effective patient safety culture is related to lowering the rate of p... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 3, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Maryam Amiri, Zahra Khademian and Reza Nikandish Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Verbal and non-verbal communication skills including empathy during history taking of undergraduate medical students
Verbal and non-verbal aspects of communication as well as empathy are known to have an important impact on the medical encounter. The aim of the study was to analyze how well final year undergraduate medical s... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 3, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Daniela Vogel, Marco Meyer and Sigrid Harendza Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Physical activity counseling in primary care and family medicine residency training: a systematic review
Physical inactivity is a global public health challenge. Physical activity (PA) promotion in healthcare delivery systems is effective to reduce physical inactivity. A primary care setting provides an appropria... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 3, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Apichai Wattanapisit, Titiporn Tuangratananon and Sanhapan Thanamee Tags: Research article Source Type: research

A skill to be worked at: using social learning theory to explore the process of learning from role models in clinical settings
This study foc... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - July 3, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Jo Horsburgh and Kate Ippolito Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The effects of graduate competency-based education and mastery learning on patient care and return on investment: a narrative review of basic anesthetic procedures
Despite the widespread implementation of competency-based education, evidence of ensuing enhanced patient care and cost-benefit remains scarce. This narrative review uses the Kirkpatrick/Phillips model to inve... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 28, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Claus Hedebo Bisgaard, Sune Leisgaard M ørck Rubak, Svein Aage Rodt, Jens Aage Kølsen Petersen and Peter Musaeus Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Mobile learning in medicine: an evaluation of attitudes and behaviours of medical students
Mobile learning (mLearning) devices (such as tablets and smartphones) are increasingly part of the clinical environment but there is a limited and somewhat conflicting literature regarding the impact of such d... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 27, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Thomas J. G. Chase, Adam Julius, Joht Singh Chandan, Emily Powell, Charles S. Hall, Benedict Lyle Phillips, Ryan Burnett, Deborah Gill and Bimbi Fernando Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Methodological quality of teaching communication skills to undergraduate medical students: a mapping review
Patient-clinician communication training is a core component of the undergraduate medical program. As with all areas of medicine, the best available evidence for teaching these skills should be incorporated in... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 27, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Rob Sanson-Fisher, Breanne Hobden, Amy Waller, Natalie Dodd and Lucy Boyd Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Piloting online self-audit of methadone treatment in Irish general practice: results, reflections and educational outcomes
Work based learning underpins the training and CPD of medical practitioners. Medical audit operates on two levels; individual self-assessment and professional/practice development. In Ireland, annual practice ... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 27, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Marie Claire Van Hout, Des Crowley, Aoife McBride and Ide Delargy Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Identification of foundational non-clinical attributes necessary for successful transition to residency: a modified Delphi study with experienced medical educators
We aimed to identify foundational non-clinical attributes expected of medical school graduates to be successful in residency. (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Stephen J. Wolf, Tai M. Lockspeiser, Jennifer Gong and Gretchen Guiton Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Shaping medical student ’s understanding of and approach to rural practice through the undergraduate years: a longitudinal study
Over the last two decades medical schools have increased rural practice learning opportunities for students in an effort to improve recruitment to the rural workforce. James Cook University ’s (JCU) medical sch... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Robin A. Ray, Louise Young and Daniel Lindsay Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Internal diseases encountered by dental students while treating dental patients during undergraduate training
The number of internal diseases, disorders and syndromes (IMDDSs) encountered in dental practice is increasing. Dentists report to feel ill prepared by their undergraduate dental training for the management of... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Anja Humbert, Petra Schmage and Sigrid Harendza Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Involving general practice trainees in clinical practice guideline adaptation
It is unclear whether it is feasible to involve residents in guideline development or adaptation. We designed a multifaceted training program that combines training sessions, a handbook and a documentation too... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Nicolas Delvaux, Martine Goossens, Paul Van Royen, Stijn Van de Velde, Robert Vanderstichele, Hanne Cloetens, Jan Vanschoenbeek and Bert Aertgeerts Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Motivation for feedback-seeking among pediatric residents: a mixed methods study
For effective self-directed life-long learning physicians need to engage in feedback-seeking, which means fostering such behavior during training. Self-determination theory (SDT) posits that intrinsic motivati... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 19, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Duncan Henry, Travis Vesel, Christy Boscardin and Sandrijn van Schaik Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Conversion of extrinsic into intrinsic motivation and computer based testing (CBT)
Because computers are used in many aspects of today ’s life, it seems necessary to include them in teaching and assessment processes. (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 19, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Maral Hariri-Akbari, Behjat Shokrvash, Firooz Mahmoodi, Fatemeh Jahanjoo-Aminabad, Behzad Yousefi and Fariba Azabdaftari Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Assessment of a block curriculum design on medical postgraduates ’ perception towards biostatistics: a cohort study
Biostatistics is a key but challenging subject in medical curricula that is usually delivered via a didactic approach in China. However, whether it is the best teaching approach to improve the learner ’s compet... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 19, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Chen Li, Ling Wang, Yuhai Zhang, Chanjuan Li, Yongyong Xu, Lei Shang and Jielai Xia Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The importance of scientific competencies in German medical curricula - the student perspective
Scientific competencies are of great importance for physicians; not only for conducting reliable research, but also for patient care. However, there is growing concern that a lack of scientific competencies am... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 19, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Antonius Ratte, Simon Drees and Tabea Schmidt-Ott Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Implementing a medical student interpreter training program as a strategy to developing humanism
Humanistic care in medicine has shown to improve healthcare outcomes. Language barriers are a significant obstacle to humanistic care, and trained medical interpreters have demonstrated to effectively bridge t... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 18, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Alvaro F. Vargas Pelaez, Sarah I. Ramirez, Chavely Valdes Sanchez, Shady Piedra Abusharar, Jose C. Romeu, Connor Carmichael, Soraya Bascoy, Rose Baron, Ariana Pichardo-Lowden, Nathalia Albarracin, Claire C. Jones and Patricia Silveyra Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Peers versus professional training of basic life support in Syria: a randomized controlled trial
Peer training has been identified as a useful tool for delivering undergraduate training in basic life support (BLS) which is fundamental as an initial response in cases of emergency. (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 18, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Fatima Abbas, Bisher Sawaf, Ibrahem Hanafi, Mohammad Younis Hajeer, Mhd Ismael Zakaria, Wafaa Abbas, Fadi Alabdeh and Nazir Ibrahim Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Factors associated with motivation in medical education: a path analysis
This study identified and investigated the relationship between demographics, mental health problems, positive personality traits and perceived social support and motivation in medical education (MME) among fi... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 18, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Natchaya Kunanitthaworn, Tinakon Wongpakaran, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Salilthip Paiboonsithiwong, Natchaphon Songtrijuck, Pimolpun Kuntawong and Danny Wedding Tags: Research article Source Type: research

A systematic review of stakeholder views of selection methods for medical schools admission
The purpose of this paper is to systematically review the literature with respect to stakeholder views of selection methods for medical school admissions. (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 15, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: M. E. Kelly, F. Patterson, S. O ’Flynn, J. Mulligan and A. W. Murphy Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Assessing the predictors for training in management amongst hospital managers and chief executive officers: a cross-sectional study of hospitals in Abuja, Nigeria
There is a compelling need for management training amongst hospital managers in Nigeria mostly because management was never a part of the curricula in medical schools and this has resulted in their deficiencie... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 14, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Ogbonnia Godfrey Ochonma and Stephen Ikechukwu Nwatu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

UK medical education on human trafficking: assessing uptake of the opportunity to shape awareness, safeguarding and referral in the curriculum
Human trafficking is a serious violation of human rights, with numerous consequences for health and wellbeing. Recent law and policy reforms mean that clinicians now hold a crucial role in national strategies.... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 13, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Poojani Arulrajah and Sarah Steele Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Billing by residents and attending physicians in family medicine: the effects of the provider, patient, and visit factors
Medical billing and coding are critical components of residency programs since they determine the revenues and vitality of residencies. It has been suggested that residents are less likely to bill higher evalu... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - June 13, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Morhaf Al Achkar, Seema Kengeri-Srikantiah, Biniyam M. Yamane, Jomil Villasmil, Michael E. Busha and Kevin B. Gebke Tags: Research article Source Type: research