Mycobacterial antigens in pleural fluid mononuclear cells to diagnose pleural tuberculosis in HIV co-infected patients
Extra pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis (TB) accounts for approximately one-half of TB cases in HIV-infected individuals with pleural TB as the second most common location. Even though mycobacteria are c... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - July 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tehmina Mustafa, Ida Wergeland, Kamaldeen Baba, Sharad Pathak, Anwar A. Hoosen and Anne Margarita Dyrhol-Riise Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Incidence and predictors of virological failure among adult HIV patients on first-line antiretroviral therapy in Amhara regional referral hospitals; Ethiopia: a retrospective follow-up study
Although the United Nations program on HIV/AIDS 90 –90-90-targets recommends achieving 90% of viral suppression for patients on first-line antiretroviral therapy by 2020, virological failure is still high and i... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - July 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chilot Desta Agegnehu, Mehari Woldemariam Merid and Melaku Kindie Yenit Tags: Research article Source Type: research

A retrospective cohort investigation of seroprevalence of Marburg virus and ebolaviruses in two different ecological zones in Uganda
Uganda has experienced seven Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreaks and four Marburg Virus Disease (MVD) outbreaks between 2000 and 2019. We investigated the seroprevalence and risk factors for Marburg virus and ... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - July 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Luke Nyakarahuka, Ilana J. Schafer, Stephen Balinandi, Sophia Mulei, Alex Tumusiime, Jackson Kyondo, Barbara Knust, Julius Lutwama, Pierre Rollin, Stuart Nichol and Trevor Shoemaker Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The geno-spatio analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in hot and cold spots of Guangxi, China
This study aimed to document the differences of polymorphisms between tuberculosis ho... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - July 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dingwen Lin, Zhezhe Cui, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong, Prasit Palittapongarnpim, Angkana Chaiprasert, Wuthiwat Ruangchai, Jing Ou and Liwen Huang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Treatment outcomes of patients with tuberculosis in war affected region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Globally, tuberculosis (TB) remains the leading cause of death from a single infectious disease. TB treatment outcome is an important indicator for the effectiveness of a national TB control program. This stud... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - July 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tauseef Ahmad, Muhammad Ayub Jadoon, Muhammad Khan, Haroon, Muhammad Mumtaz Khan, Akbar Hussain, Taha Hussein Musa, Muhammad Waqar, Eyasu Ejeta, Manoochehr Karami, Kefyalew Addis Alene and Hui Jin Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Asymptomatic-anaplasmosis confirmation using genetic and serological tests and possible coinfection with spotted fever group Rickettsia: a case report
Anaplasmosis is an emerging acute febrile disease that is caused by a bite of an Anaplasma phagocytophilum –infected hard tick. As for healthy patients, reports on asymptomatic anaplasmosis resulting from such tic... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jiyeon Yoo, Jong-Hoon Chung, Choon-Mee Kim, Na Ra Yun and Dong-Min Kim Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Biofilm formation, antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence genes of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from clinical isolates in Uganda
Uropathogenic E. coli is the leading cause of Urinary tract infections (UTIs), contributing to 80 –90% of all community-acquired and 30–50% of all hospital-acquired UTIs. Biofilm forming Uropathogenic E. coli are ... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Paul Katongole, Fatuma Nalubega, Najjuka Christine Florence, Benon Asiimwe and Irene Andia Tags: Research article Source Type: research

An adult co-presented with varicella and herpes zoster caused by varicella zoster virus genotype J, China: a case report
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes varicella primarily in childhood, and some rare adults also report varicella. Herpes zoster mainly occurs in adults by endogenous reactivation of latent VZV. Until now, vari... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Guangcheng Xie, Qiongling Wei, Wenping Guo, Dan Li, Pingping Sun, Jiangli Wang and Houguang Liu Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Promoting routine syphilis screening among men who have sex with men in China: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial of syphilis self-testing and lottery incentive
Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a high burden of syphilis infection. Expanding syphilis testing to improve timely diagnosis and treatment is critical to improve syphilis control. However, syphilis testing... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Weibin Cheng, Cheng Wang, Weiming Tang, Jason J. Ong, Hongyun Fu, Michael Marks, M. Kumi Smith, Changchang Li, Juan Nie, Peizhen Zhao, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang and Joseph D. Tucker Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Asymptomatic central line-associated bloodstream infections in children implanted with long term indwelling central venous catheters in a teaching hospital, Sri Lanka
This study ... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: J. A. A. S. Jayaweera and D. Sivakumar Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) cases are not random: explaining trend, low- and high-frequency oscillations based on the Austrian TBE time series
Why human tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) cases differ from year to year, in some years more 100%, has not been clarified, yet. The cause of the increasing or decreasing trends is also controversial. Austria is ... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Franz Rubel, Melanie Walter, Janna R. Vogelgesang and Katharina Brugger Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Pharmacokinetic study of two different rifabutin doses co-administered with lopinavir/ritonavir in African HIV and tuberculosis co-infected adult patients
This study aimed to assess the pharmacokinetic profile of 150  mg rifabutin (RBT) taken every other day (every 48 h) versus 300 mg RBT taken every other day (E.O.D), both in combination with lopinavir/ritonavir... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Seni Kouanda, Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Kadari Cisse, Tegwinde Rebeca Compaor é, Giorgia Sulis, Serge Diagbouga, Alberto Roggi, Grissoum Tarnagda, Paola Villani, Lassana Sangare, Jacques Simporé, Mario Regazzi and Alberto Matteelli Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Global molecular diversity of RSV – the “INFORM RSV” study
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a global cause of severe respiratory morbidity and mortality in infants. While preventive and therapeutic interventions are being developed, including antivirals, vaccines ... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Annefleur C. Langedijk, Robert Jan Lebbink, Christiana Naaktgeboren, Anouk Evers, Marco C. Viveen, Anne Greenough, Terho Heikkinen, Renato T. Stein, Peter Richmond, Federico Martin ón-Torres, Marta Nunes, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Christian Keller, Monika Bauck, Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Monitoring progress towards the first UNAIDS 90-90-90 target in key populations living with HIV in Norway
In line with the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 90-90-90 target, Norway aims for at least 90% of people living with HIV (PLHIV) to know their HIV-status. We produced current estimates of t... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Robert Whittaker, Kelsey K. Case, Øivind Nilsen, Hans Blystad, Susan Cowan, Hilde Kløvstad and Ard van Sighem Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Association of cerebral malaria and TNF- α levels: a systematic review
Cerebral malaria is the most severe form of infection with Plasmodium falciparum characterized by a highly inflammatory response. This systematic review aimed to investigate the association between TNF- α levels a... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Luana Le ão, Bruna Puty, Maria Fâni Dolabela, Marinete Marins Povoa, Yago Gecy De Sousa Né, Luciana Guimarães Eiró, Nathália Carolina Fernandes Fagundes, Lucianne Cople Maia and Rafael Rodrigues Lima Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Prevalence and determinants of virological failure, genetic diversity and drug resistance among people living with HIV in a minority area in China: a population-based study
Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture is one of the areas that most severely affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in China, and virological failure on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is serious in this are... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dan Yuan, Meijing Liu, Peng Jia, Yiping Li, Yuling Huang, Li Ye, Laze Api, Maogang Chen, Liang Yao, Zixin Wang, Honglu Liu, Shu Liang and Shujuan Yang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Investigation of syphilis immunology and Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum biology to improve clinical management and design a broadly protective vaccine: study protocol
The syphilis epidemic continues to cause substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, despite several recent disease control initiatives. Though our understa... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ethan Osias, Phoebe Hung, Lorenzo Giacani, Chrysovalantis Stafylis, Kelika A. Konda, Silver K. Vargas, E. Michael Reyes-D íaz, W. Scott Comulada, David A. Haake, Austin M. Haynes, Carlos F. Caceres and Jeffrey D. Klausner Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Risk factors for disease progression in COVID-19 patients
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is rapidly spreading worldwide. Although 10 –20% of patients with COVID-19 have severe symptoms, little is known about the risk factors related to the aggravation of COVID-19 symp... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Min Cheol Chang, Yu-Kyung Park, Bong-Ok Kim and Donghwi Park Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Multilevel ordinal model for CD4 count trends in seroconversion among South Africa women
We present a multilevel growth model that may be more suit... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zelalem G. Dessie, Temesgen Zewotir, Henry Mwambi and Delia North Tags: Research article Source Type: research

What is the level of uptake of partner notification services in HIV testing in selected health facilities in Gatanga Sub County, Muranga County – Kenya; a retrospective study
Identification of people living with HIV is key in HIV prevention and control. Partner Notification service is a World Health Organization backed strategy of reaching out to sexual partners of people diagnosed... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rewel Mwangi Kariuki, Gilbert Koome Rithaa, Elvis Omondi Oyugi and Daniel Muya Gachathi Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Clinical features of aseptic meningitis with varicella zoster virus infection diagnosed by next-generation sequencing: case reports
The aseptic meningitis caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation was less described in the literature, most of which were detected by means of polymerase chain reaction. The authors presented 4 adult... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Lanlan Chen, Yao Xu, Chunfeng Liu, Hong Huang, Xingxing Zhong, Cancan Ma, Haina Zhao and Yingzhu Chen Tags: Case report Source Type: research

COVID-19 with acute cholecystitis: a case report
The 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) presents a major threat to public health and has rapidly spread worldwide since the outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China in 2019. To date, there have been few reports ... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mingliang Ying, Bin Lu, Jiangfeng Pan, Guanghong Lu, Shaobin Zhou, Dingjun Wang, Lu Li, Junkang Shen and Jiner Shu Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Fungal arthritis with adjacent osteomyelitis caused by Candida pelliculosa: a case report
Candida sp. osteoarticular infection is rare and most often due to hematogenous seeding during an episode of candidemia in immunocompromised patients. However, the diagnosis can be delayed in patients with subtle... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kwang Yun Song, Chulmin Park, Ji-Hyun Byun, Hye-Sun Chun, Jung-Hyun Choi, Eun Hee Han, Seung Ok Lee, Yeonjeong Jeong, Youn Jeong Kim and Si-Hyun Kim Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Sarcoidosis with cryptococcal infection apparently engaging only immune-privileged body compartments: a case report
Infection with the Cryptococcus neoformans yeast fungus is largely restricted to patients with HIV, sarcoidosis or immunosuppressive therapies. In sarcoidosis, there is intense local immune response in granuloma ... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Johannes H. van der Stoep, Eva Sigstad and Anders Bredberg Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Comparing clinical outcomes of piperacillin-tazobactam administration and dosage strategies in critically ill adult patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Recently, continuous administration of piperacillin-tazobactam has been proposed as a valuable alternative to traditional intermittent administration especially in critically ill patients. However, antibiotic ... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 20, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sarah Fawaz, Stephen Barton and Shereen Nabhani-Gebara Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Disseminated Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. massiliense infection in a Good ’s syndrome patient negative for human immunodeficiency virus and anti-interferon-γ autoantibody: a case report
Good ’s syndrome (GS) is characterized by immunodeficiency, and can lead to severe infection, which is the most significant complication. Although Mycobacterium rarely causes infection in patients with GS, dissemi... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 20, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Waki Imoto, Koichi Yamada, Yuriko Hajika, Kousuke Okamoto, Yuka Myodo, Makoto Niki, Gaku Kuwabara, Kazushi Yamairi, Wataru Shibata, Naoko Yoshii, Kiyotaka Nakaie, Kazutaka Yoshizawa, Hiroki Namikawa, Tetsuya Watanabe, Kazuhisa Asai, Hiroshi Moro & hellip; Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Positive results for patients with COVID-19 discharged form hospital in Chongqing, China
Since December 2019, over 80,000 patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been confirmed in China. With the increasing number of recovered patients, more attention should be paid to the follow-up... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Wang Deng, Tian-wen Guang, Mei Yang, Jian-rong Li, De-peng Jiang, Chang-yi Li and Dao-xin Wang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

A phase 2b/3b MenACWY-TT study of long-term antibody persistence after primary vaccination and immunogenicity and safety of a booster dose in individuals aged 11 through 55  years
A previous phase 2 study demonstrated the immunogenicity of a single dose of meningococcal A, C, W, Y-tetanus toxoid conjugate (MenACWY-TT) or polysaccharide (MenACWY-PS) vaccine for up to 5  years in individua... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 18, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Charissa Fay Corazon Borja-Tabora, Paula Peyrani, Chris Webber, Marie Van der Wielen, Brigitte Cheuvart, Nathalie De Schrevel, Veronique Bianco, Emmanuel Aris, Mark Cutler, Ping Li and John L. Perez Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Epidemiological and clinical features of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in the South of Iran
In March 2020, the WHO declared the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak a global pandemic. Although the number of infected cases is increasing, information about its clinical characteristics in the Middle Ea... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 18, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Reza Shahriarirad, Zohre Khodamoradi, Amirhossein Erfani, Hamidreza Hosseinpour, Keivan Ranjbar, Yasaman Emami, Alireza Mirahmadizadeh, Mehrzad Lotfi, Babak Shirazi Yeganeh, Abolfazl Dorrani Nejad, Abdolrasool Hemmati, Mostafa Ebrahimi and Mohsen Moghadam Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Epidemiology and risk factors of infective endocarditis in a tertiary hospital in China from 2007 to 2016
To explore the trends in epidemiology and the risk factors related to the prognosis of infective endocarditis in a tertiary hospital over the past ten years. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 18, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zhenzhu Wu, Yi Chen, Tingting Xiao, Tianshui Niu, Qingyi Shi and Yonghong Xiao Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Isolation of Coxiella burnetii in patients with nonspecific febrile illness in South Korea
We report the first isolation of Coxiella burnetii in Korea in two patients who initially presented with non-specific febri... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Seung Hun Lee, Jae Hoon Lee, Sungdo Park, Hae Kyung Lee, Seon Do Hwang, Hye Won Jeong, Jung Yeon Heo and Yeong Seon Lee Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Factors associated with occurrence of salmonellosis among children living in Mukuru slum, an urban informal settlement in Kenya
In Kenya, typhoid fever and invasive non-typhoidal salmonellosis present a huge burden of disease, especially in poor-resource settings where clean water supply and sanitation conditions are inadequate. The ep... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Cecilia Mbae, Moses Mwangi, Naomi Gitau, Tabitha Irungu, Fidelis Muendo, Zilla Wakio, Ruth Wambui, Susan Kavai, Robert Onsare, Celestine Wairimu, Ronald Ngetich, Frida Njeru, Sandra Van Puyvelde, John Clemens, Gordon Dougan and Samuel Kariuki Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Epidemiology, vaccine effectiveness, and risk factors for mortality for pneumococcal disease among hospitalised adults in Singapore: a case-control study
This study evaluated factors associated with pneumococcal disease, ... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tyson Chan, Min Zhi Tay, Win Mar Kyaw, Angela Chow and Hanley J. Ho Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Spatio-temporal variation of malaria hotspots in Central Senegal, 2008 –2012
In malaria endemic areas, identifying spatio-temporal hotspots is becoming an important element of innovative control strategies targeting transmission bottlenecks. The aim of this work was to describe the spa... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sokhna Dieng, El Hadj Ba, Badara Ciss é, Kankoe Sallah, Abdoulaye Guindo, Boukary Ouedraogo, Martine Piarroux, Stanislas Rebaudet, Renaud Piarroux, Jordi Landier, Cheikh Sokhna and Jean Gaudart Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Malaria patterns across altitudinal zones of Mount Elgon following intensified control and prevention programs in Uganda
Malaria remains a major tropical vector-borne disease of immense public health concern owing to its debilitating effects in sub-Saharan Africa. Over the past 30  years, the high altitude areas in Eastern Africa... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Aggrey Siya, Bosco John Kalule, Benard Ssentongo, Akim Tafadzwa Lukwa and Anthony Egeru Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Short-course antibiotic regimen compared to conventional antibiotic treatment for gram-positive cocci infective endocarditis: randomized clinical trial (SATIE)
Most serious complications of infective endocarditis (IE) appear in the so-called “critical phase” of the disease, which represents the first days after diagnosis. The majority of patients overcoming the acute... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Carmen Olmos, Isidre Vilacosta, Javier L ópez, Carmen Sáez, Manuel Anguita, Pablo Elpidio García-Granja, Cristina Sarriá, Jacobo Silva, Belén Álvarez-Álvarez, María Amparo Martínez-Monzonis, Juan Carlos Castillo, José Seijas, Amanda López-Picad Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Hygiene promotion might be better than serological screening to deal with Cytomegalovirus infection during pregnancy: a methodological appraisal and decision analysis
Cytomegalovirus infection is the most frequent viral congenital infection, with possible consequences such as deafness, or psychomotor retardation. In 2016, the French High Council of Public Health was mandate... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Agathe Billette de Villemeur, Pierre Tattevin and Louis-Rachid Salmi Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Sensitivity, specificity, inclusivity and exclusivity of the updated Aptima Combo 2 assay, which provides detection coverage of the new diagnostic-escape Chlamydia trachomatis variants
Four new variants of Chlamydia trachomatis (nvCTs), detected in several countries, cause false-negative or equivocal results using the Aptima Combo 2 assay (AC2; Hologic). We evaluated the clinical sensitivity an... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Magnus Unemo, Marit Hansen, Ronza Hadad, Mirja Puolakkainen, Henrik Westh, Kaisu Rantakokko-Jalava, Carina Thilesen, Michelle J. Cole, Iryna Boiko, Pham T. Lan, Daniel Golparian, Shin Ito and Martin Sundqvist Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Human adenovirus Coinfection aggravates the severity of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in children
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) is an important pathogen of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children. The coinfection rate of M. pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) can reach 52% in some areas, but the effects... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jiaojiao Gao, Lili Xu, Baoping Xu, Zhengde Xie and Kunling Shen Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Potential implications of SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in Africa: where are we going from now?
The SARS-CoV-2, which emerged from East Asia in December 2019, has rapidly evolved into a global pandemic infecting close to 7 million people. The current uncertainties regarding its impact on Africa calls for... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Carlo Torti, Maria Mazzitelli, Enrico Maria Trecarichi and Owachi Darius Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Influx of diverse, drug resistant and transmissible Plasmodium falciparum into a malaria-free setting in Qatar
Successful control programs have impeded local malaria transmission in almost all Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries: Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia. Nevert... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Abir Al-Rumhi, Zainab Al-Hashami, Salama Al-Hamidhi, Amal Gadalla, Raeece Naeem, Lisa Ranford-Cartwright, Arnab Pain, Ali A. Sultan and Hamza A. Babiker Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The correlations between Th1 and Th2 cytokines in human alveolar echinococcosis
Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus multilocularis larval tapeworm infections in humans that severely impairs the health of affected patients in the northern hemisp... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Xiao Ma, Xuefei Zhang, Jia Liu, Yufang Liu, Cunzhe Zhao, Huixia Cai, Wen Lei, Junying Ma, Haining Fan, Jianye Zhou, Na Liu, Jingxiao Zhang, Yongshun Wang, Wei Wang, Peizhen Zhan, Xiongying Zhang & hellip; Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The influence of exposure to Toxoplasma Gondii on host lipid metabolism
Mounting evidence suggested a complex correlation between host lipid metabolism and Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection. However, the inherent association between T. gondii infection and host lipid state rema... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Fei Xu, Xiwan Lu, Ruitang Cheng, Yuwei Zhu, Sunhan Miao, Qinyi Huang, Yongliang Xu, Liying Qiu and Yonghua Zhou Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Clinical and computed tomography features of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess
Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) is the primary pathogen associated with pyogenic liver abscesses (PLAs). Moreover, there has been an increase in the proportion of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing KP. ... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yue Ren, Hairui Wang, Zhihui Chang and Zhaoyu Liu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Multiple subcutaneous tuberculous abscesses in a dermatomyositis patient without pulmonary tuberculosis: a case report and literature review
Even though remarkable progress for diagnostics of pulmonary TB has been made, it is still a challenge to establish a definitive diagnosis for extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) in clinical practice. Among all the prese... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Weiwei Gao, Yi Zeng and Wei Chen Tags: Case report Source Type: research

The prevalence of cryptococcal antigen (CrAg) and benefits of pre-emptive antifungal treatment among HIV-infected persons with CD4+ T-cell counts <  200 cells/μL: evidence based on a meta-analysis
Current WHO guidelines (2018) recommend screening for cryptococcal antigen (CrAg) in HIV-infected persons with CD4+ T cell counts (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yao Li, Xiaojie Huang, Hui Chen, Yuanyuan Qin, Jianhua Hou, Aixin Li, Hao Wu, Xiaofeng Yan and Yaokai Chen Tags: Review Source Type: research

Simulating transmission of ESKAPE pathogens plus C. difficile in relevant clinical scenarios
The prevalence of healthcare-acquired infections (HAI) and rising levels of antimicrobial resistance places significant economic and public health burdens on modern healthcare systems. A group of highly drug r... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Katharina L. Weber, Danielle S. LeSassier, Anthony D. Kappell, Kathleen Q. Schulte, Nicole Westfall, Nicolette C. Albright, Gene D. Godbold, Veena Palsikar, Carlos A. Acevedo, Krista L. Ternus and F. Curtis Hewitt Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Is distance associated with tuberculosis treatment outcomes? A retrospective cohort study in Kampala, Uganda
Challenges accessing nearby health facilities may be a barrier to initiating and completing tuberculosis (TB) treatment. We aimed to evaluate whether distance from residence to health facility chosen for treat... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 11, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Katherine O. Robsky, Seamus Hughes, Alex Kityamuwesi, Emily A. Kendall, Peter James Kitonsa, David W. Dowdy and Achilles Katamba Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Double-carbapenem therapy in the treatment of multidrug resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis
To compare the efficacy and safety of double-carbapenem therapy (DCT) with other antibiotics for the treatment of multidrug resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacterial infections. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 11, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yuan-yuan Li, Jin Wang, Rui Wang and Yun Cai Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Phase II trial evaluating the clinical efficacy of cefixime for treatment of active syphilis in non-pregnant women in Brazil (CeBra)
Syphilis is a sexually and vertically transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum for which there are few proven alternatives to penicillin for treatment. For pregnant women infected with syph... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 10, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Melanie M. Taylor, Edna Oliveira Kara, Maria Alix Leite Araujo, Mariangela Freitas Silveira, Angelica Espinosa Miranda, Ivo Castelo Branco Coelho, Maria Luiza Bazzo, Gerson Fernando Mendes Pereira, Silvana Pereira Giozza, Ximena Pamela D íaz Bermudez, Ma Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research