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Trends and predictors of cesarean birth in Singapore, 2005 ‐2014: A population‐based cohort study
ConclusionCesarean birth has continued to rise at a steady rate in Singapore. Strategies to curb this temporal increase include avoidance of medically unnecessary primary cesarean and attempts at trial of labor and vaginal delivery among women with a history of prior cesarean. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - February 17, 2018 Category: OBGYN Authors: Claudia Chi, Deanette Pang, Izzuddin M. Aris, Wei Ting Teo, Sarah Weiling Li, Arijit Biswas, Eu Leong Yong, Yap Seng Chong, Kelvin Tan, Michael S. Kramer Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Evaluation of factors contributing to the decline in exclusive breastfeeding at 6  months postpartum: The 2011‐2016 National Surveys in Taiwan
ConclusionsMaternal and environmental factors in the study could not explain the decline in exclusive breastfeeding. The decline in exclusive breastfeeding, accompanying the increase in partial breastfeeding, suggests that more support is needed for mothers who intend to breastfeed exclusively. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - February 16, 2018 Category: OBGYN Authors: Alexander Waits, Chao ‐Yu Guo, Li‐Yin Chien Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - February 15, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Home birth integration into the health care systems of eleven international jurisdictions
ConclusionsThis paper is the first to propose criteria for the evaluation of home birth integration within larger maternity care systems. Application of these criteria across 11 international jurisdictions indicates differences in the recognition and training of home birth practitioners, in access to hospital facilities, and in the supplies and equipment available at home births, which give rise to variation in the level of integration across different settings. Standardized criteria for the evaluation of systems integration are essential for interpreting planned home birth outcomes that emerge from contextual differences. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - February 13, 2018 Category: OBGYN Authors: Amanda Comeau, Eileen K. Hutton, Julia Simioni, Ella Anvari, Megan Bowen, Samantha Kruegar, Elizabeth K. Darling Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Infant feeding ‐related maternity care practices and maternal report of breastfeeding outcomes
ConclusionsThese data demonstrate that evidence‐based maternity care practices and policies are associated with better breastfeeding outcomes. Maternity facilities may evaluate their practices and policies to ensure they are helping mothers achieve their breastfeeding goals. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - February 7, 2018 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jennifer M. Nelson, Cria G. Perrine, David S. Freedman, Letitia Williams, Brian Morrow, Ruben A. Smith, Deborah L. Dee Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Institutional setting and wealth gradients in cesarean delivery rates: Evidence from six developing countries
ConclusionsLarge wealth‐related variations in the mode of delivery across government and private hospitals suggest the need for well‐developed guidelines and standards to achieve a more appropriate selection of cases for cesarean delivery. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - January 4, 2018 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ardeshir Sepehri Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Trends in Texas maternal mortality by maternal age, race/ethnicity, and cause of death, 2006 ‐2015
Abstract BackgroundMaternal mortality is a sentinel indicator of health care quality. Our purpose was to analyze trends in Texas maternal mortality by demographic characteristics and cause of death, and to evaluate data quality. MethodsMaternal mortality data were initially analyzed by single years, but then were grouped into 5‐year averages (2006‐2010 and 2011‐2015) for more detailed analyses. Rates were computed per 100 000 live births. A two‐proportion z test or Poisson regression for numerators
Source: Birth - January 4, 2018 Category: OBGYN Authors: Marian F. MacDorman, Eugene Declercq, Marie E. Thoma Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to birth without epidural in a tertiary obstetric referral center: Perspectives of health care professionals and patients
ConclusionsReconciling patient birth goals with staff focus on patient safety is challenging in the tertiary context. Discrepancies between health care professional and patient attitudes about childbirth pain may influence decision‐making about epidural use. Maintaining labor support skills is challenging for health care professionals who have limited exposure to birth without epidural. There is a need to allocate dedicated resources to better support birth without epidural. Specifically, support could be improved through the implementation of guidelines for assessment and management of labor pain, provision of a variety...
Source: Birth - December 18, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Alyssa Knox, Genevi ève Rouleau, Sonia Semenic, Malisa Khongkham, Luisa Ciofani Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Mode of birth and postnatal health ‐related quality of life after one previous cesarean in three European countries
This study explored HRQoL at 3 months postpartum in women with a history of one previous cesarean in three European countries. MethodsA prospective longitudinal survey, embedded within a cluster randomized trial in three countries, exploring women's postnatal HRQoL up to 3 months postpartum. The Short‐Form Six‐Dimensions (SF‐6D) was used to measure HRQoL, and multivariate analyses were used to examine the relationship with mode of birth. ResultsComplete data were available from 880 women. Women with a spontaneous vaginal birth had the highest HRQoL scores, whereas women with an emergency repeat cesarean (P&...
Source: Birth - December 5, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Maaike Fobelets, Katrien Beeckman, Ronald Buyl, D éirdre Daly, Marlene Sinclair, Patricia Healy, Susanne Grylka‐Baeschlin, Jane Nicoletti, Mechthild M. Gross, Sandra Morano, Koen Putman Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Care associated with stillbirth for the most disadvantaged women: A multi ‐method study of care in England
ConclusionWomen living in the most deprived areas reported poorer experiences of care compared with more advantaged women. All women need compassionate and sensitive care around the time of a stillbirth. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Maggie Redshaw, Jane Henderson Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Breastfeeding and the substance ‐exposed mother and baby
ConclusionsThe findings highlight the feasibility of tailored breastfeeding support for the substance‐exposed mother and baby and endorse the promotion and support of breastfeeding for this group. Future research should include a statistically powered randomized controlled trial to evaluate clinical efficacy. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Sonya MacVicar, Tracy Humphrey, Katrina E. Forbes ‐McKay Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Prenatal acupuncture: Women's expectations and satisfaction and influence on labor
ConclusionPrenatal acupuncture is likely to have positive effects on pregnant women, aside from an objective influence on labor duration and pain. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Gerda Trutnovsky, Melanie Schneeweiss, Gudrun Pregartner, Philipp Reif, Uwe Lang, Daniela Ulrich Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Association between provider type and cesarean birth in healthy nulliparous laboring women: A retrospective cohort study
DiscussionIn low‐risk nulliparous laboring women, care by obstetricians compared with nurse‐midwives was associated with increased risk of labor interventions and operative birth. Changes in labor management or increased use of nurse‐midwives could decrease the rate of a first cesarean in low‐risk laboring women. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Nicole S. Carlson, Elizabeth J. Corwin, Teri L. Hernandez, Elizabeth Holt, Nancy K. Lowe, K. Joseph Hurt Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The failure of United States maternal mortality reporting and its impact on women's lives
(Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Marian F. MacDorman, Eugene Declercq Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research

“Be kind to the mother”: A celebration of the life of Marshall Klaus, 1927‐2017
(Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Michael C. Klein, Penny Simkin, Diony Young Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research

The influence of postpartum PTSD on breastfeeding: A longitudinal population ‐based study
ConclusionIdentifying women at risk of not initiating breastfeeding is crucial to prevent a negative influence on infant development and the development of the mother‐infant bond. Early screening and treatment of women at risk of developing postpartum PTSD might be a way forward. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Susan Garthus ‐Niegel, Antje Horsch, Susan Ayers, Juliane Junge‐Hoffmeister, Kerstin Weidner, Malin Eberhard‐Gran Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

What are the risk factors associated with hospital birth among women planning to give birth in a birth center in Washington State?
ConclusionsThis information may be useful for counseling women who plan a birth center birth about the risk of hospital birth. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Alyssa Stephenson ‐Famy, Kaitlin S. Masarie, Ali Lewis, Melissa A. Schiff Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Patient perspectives on loss of local obstetrical services in rural northern Minnesota
We examined patient choices and perspectives from two rural northern Minnesota communities who lost their local obstetrical services in July 2015. Our purpose was to characterize obstetrical use patterns through the years leading to and following the closure and to explore the effects of the closure on these communities. MethodsInformation introducing the project and providing access to the survey was mailed to women who received prenatal care in the communities of interest. Responses were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. FindingsTwo hundred and one participants completed the survey with 356 deliveries reported f...
Source: Birth - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jennifer Pearson, Kale Siebert, Samantha Carlson, Nathan Ratner Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Expertise in physiological breech birth: A mixed ‐methods study
ConclusionsSpecialist breech teams may facilitate the development of expertise within maternity care settings. Evaluation of expertise based on enablement of women and colleagues, as well as outcomes, will potentially avoid the pitfalls of alienation produced by some forms of specialist authority. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Shawn Walker, Pam Parker, Mandie Scamell Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Perceptions of the effects of childbirth on sexuality among nulliparous individuals
ConclusionGiven that there is no clear evidence in the empirical literature to support the claim that vaginal births are harmful and cesarean delivery is protective to one's future sexual life, it is important to dispel the existing misconceptions. Various media sources likely play a role in the perpetuation of this misinformation. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - November 22, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jaclyn Cappell, Caroline F. Pukall Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Changes in mothers ’ intended duration of breastfeeding from the prenatal to neonatal periods
Abstract BackgroundAlthough previous studies suggest that the intentions of mothers to breastfeed during pregnancy strongly predict actual breastfeeding practice, no studies have examined the changes in the intentions of mothers to breastfeed from the prenatal to neonatal periods. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in intended breastfeeding duration from the prenatal to neonatal periods, their association with actual duration, and predictors for shortened duration. MethodsThe Infant Feeding Practices Study II was a longitudinal study of mothers in the United States. Changes to intended breastfeeding duration ...
Source: Birth - November 17, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jennifer M. Nelson, Ruowei Li, Cria G. Perrine, Kelley S. Scanlon Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - November 15, 2017 Category: OBGYN Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Effect of inter ‐twin delivery interval on umbilical artery pH and Apgar score in the second twin
ConclusionsThe second twin's Apgar score and cord artery pH are probably not affected when the inter‐twin delivery interval exceeds 30 minutes. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - November 2, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Alon Tal, Hadar Peretz, Gali Garmi, Noah Zafran, Shabtai Romano, Raed Salim Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

New mothers ’ feelings of disappointment and failure after cesarean delivery
In this study, we investigated the association between mode of delivery at first childbirth and birth experience, using a new scale developed specifically to measure women's affective response. MethodsThis was a prospective cohort study of 3006 women who were interviewed during pregnancy and 1‐month postpartum. The First Baby Study Birth Experience Scale was used to measure the association between mode of delivery and women's postpartum feelings about their childbirth, taking into account relevant confounders, including maternal age, race, education, pregnancy intendedness, depression, social support, and maternal and ne...
Source: Birth - October 20, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Kristen H. Kjerulff, Laura H. Brubaker Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Prenatal attitudes toward vaginal delivery and actual delivery mode: Variation by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status
We examined whether women's prenatal attitudes toward vaginal delivery differed by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status, and whether attitudes were differently related to delivery mode depending on race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status. MethodsData were from the First Baby Study, a cohort of 3006 women who gave birth to a first baby in Pennsylvania between 2009 and 2011. We used regression models to examine (1) predictors of prenatal attitudes toward vaginal delivery, and (2) the association between prenatal attitudes and actual delivery mode. To assess moderation, we estimated models adding interaction terms. ResultsPr...
Source: Birth - September 9, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Laura B. Attanasio, Rachel R. Hardeman, Katy B. Kozhimannil, Kristen H. Kjerulff Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Rural community birth: Maternal and neonatal outcomes for planned community births among rural women in the United States, 2004 ‐2009
ConclusionAmong this sample of low‐risk women who planned midwife‐led community births, no increased risk was detected by rural vs nonrural status. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - September 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Elizabeth Nethery, Wendy Gordon, Marit L. Bovbjerg, Melissa Cheyney Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Why do women request an elective cesarean delivery for non ‐medical reasons? A systematic review of the qualitative literature
ConclusionsThe reasons behind CDMR are multifactorial and complex. Situation‐specific cultural factors, fear of pain during childbirth, previous experience, and interactions with health care professionals are likely to have led to the increase in CDMR. Multifaceted, context‐specific approaches are required if there is to be a reduction in CDMR rates. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - September 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Charles O'Donovan, James O'Donovan Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Source Type: research

Birth plans —Impact on mode of delivery, obstetrical interventions, and birth experience satisfaction: A prospective cohort study
Abstract ObjectiveTo examine whether the presence of a birth plan was associated with mode of delivery, obstetrical interventions, and patient satisfaction. MethodsThis was a prospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies greater than 34 weeks’ gestation powered to evaluate a difference in mode of delivery. Maternal characteristics, antenatal factors, neonatal characteristics, and patient satisfaction measures were compared between groups. Differences between groups were analyzed using chi‐squared for categorical variables, Fisher exact test for dichotomous variables, and Wilcoxon rank sum test for continuo...
Source: Birth - September 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yalda Afshar, Jenny Y. Mei, Kimberly D. Gregory, Sarah J. Kilpatrick, Tania F. Esakoff Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

A systematic review of nonpharmacological prenatal interventions for pregnancy ‐specific anxiety and fear of childbirth
ConclusionsFindings from this review can inform the development of treatment approaches to support pregnant women with PSA/FoB. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - September 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Kathrin Stoll, Emma Marie Swift, Nichole Fairbrother, Elizabeth Nethery, Patricia Janssen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Utility of reproductive life plans in identification of potentially teratogenic medication use: A pilot study
ConclusionThe reproductive life plan can be a useful tool to identify women of childbearing age who require intervention due to use of potentially teratogenic medications. Efforts are needed to ensure complete and accurate reporting of medication use in reproductive life plans, and to promote effective contraceptive use among women taking potentially teratogenic medications. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - September 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Natalie DiPietro Mager, Caitlin Mills, April Snelling Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Should ACOG support childbirth education as another means to improve obstetric outcomes? Response to ACOG Committee Opinion # 687: Approaches to limit intervention during labor and birth
(Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - September 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Penny Simkin Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research

The impact of immigration on the breastfeeding practices of Mainland Chinese immigrants in Hong Kong
We examined the effect of migration status on the duration of any and exclusive breastfeeding. ResultsBreastfeeding duration was progressively shorter as the time since immigration increased. When compared with mothers who had lived in Hong Kong for
Source: Birth - September 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Kris Yuet Wan Lok, Dorothy Li Bai, Noel P. T. Chan, Janet Y. H. Wong, Marie Tarrant Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

In labor or in limbo? The experiences of women undergoing induction of labor in hospital: Findings of a qualitative study
ConclusionsConceptualizing induction as a liminal state may enhance understanding of women's feelings and promote a more woman‐centered approach to care. Thorough preparation for induction, including an explanation of possible delays is fundamental to enabling women to form realistic expectations. Care providers need to consider whether women undergoing induction are receiving adequate support, analgesia, and comfort aids conducive to the promotion of physiological labor and the reduction of anxiety. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - September 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Annabel Jay, Hilary Thomas, Fiona Brooks Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Testing a biopsychosocial model of the basic birth beliefs
ConclusionPsychological factors seem to be most influential in the conceptualization of the beliefs. It is important to recognize how women interpret the messages they receive about birth which, together with their obstetric experience, shape their beliefs. Future studies are recommended to understand the evolution of these beliefs, especially within diverse cultures. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - September 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Heidi Preis, Rony Chen, Michal Eisner, Joseph Pardo, Yoav Peled, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yael Benyamini Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Partners of nulliparous women with severe fear of childbirth: A longitudinal study of psychological well ‐being
ConclusionPartners of nulliparous women with severe FOC neither seem to suffer from severe FOC nor reported posttraumatic stress symptoms after childbirth. They reported better psychological well‐being than the mothers both during pregnancy and after delivery. An unexpected cesarean may be a negative experience even for partners of childbearing women. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - September 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Elsa Lena Ryding, Sanna Read, Hanna Rouhe, Erja Halmesm äki, Katariina Salmela‐Aro, Riikka Toivanen, Maiju Tokola, Terhi Saisto Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Progression of care among women who use a midwife for prenatal care: Who remains in midwife care?
ConclusionFindings indicate that most women remain in midwifery care throughout pregnancy, but raise important questions with respect to the possible role that race has in pregnancy care. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - September 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yiska Loewenberg Weisband, Maria F. Gallo, Mark A. Klebanoff, Abigail B. Shoben, Alison H. Norris Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Hospital admission for hyperemesis gravidarum in women at increased risk of spontaneous preterm birth
Abstract BackgroundProgesterone administration prevents spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) in women at increased risk. Progesterone concentration is lower in women with subsequent sPTB. Conversely, high concentrations of progesterone are implicated in the pathogenesis of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). We hypothesized that women at increased risk of sPTB or spontaneous late miscarriage would be less likely to have a diagnosis of HG. To explore this hypothesis, we compared the incidence of HG in women at increased risk of sPTB and women with no identifiable risk factors. MethodsWomen at increased risk of sPTB were identified fro...
Source: Birth - August 30, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ira Kleine, Ana Da Silva, Wafaa Ahmed, Frida Forya, Sara M. Whitten, Anna L. David, Catherine P. James Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Outcomes of childbearing Medicaid beneficiaries engaged in care at Strong Start birth center sites between 2012 and 2014
ConclusionsThe birth center model demonstrates the capability to achieve the triple aims of improved population health, patient experience, and value. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - August 29, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Diana R. Jolles, Rae Langford, Susan Stapleton, Sandra Cesario, Anne Koci, Jill Alliman Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Sources of influence on pregnant women's preferred mode of delivery in Buenos Aires, Argentina
ConclusionsHigher socioeconomic status is associated with being less influenced by people and with better knowledge of indications for cesarean delivery. Knowledge of cesarean indications was not associated with the source of information about mode of delivery preferences. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - August 29, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Melissa Amyx, Luz Gibbons, Xu Xiong, Agustina Mazzoni, Fernando Althabe, Pierre Buekens, Jos é M. Belizán Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Intrapartum obstetric care in the United States military: Comparison of military and civilian care systems within TRICARE
Abstract BackgroundExpectant mothers who are beneficiaries of TRICARE (universal insurance to United States Armed Services members and their dependents) can choose to receive care within direct (salary‐based) or purchased (fee‐for‐service) care systems. We sought to compare frequency of intrapartum obstetric procedures and outcomes such as severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) and common postpartum complications between direct and purchased care systems within TRICARE. MethodsTRICARE (2006‐2010) claims data were used to identify deliveries. Patient demographics, frequency of types of delivery (noninstrumental vagi...
Source: Birth - August 22, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Anju Ranjit, Wei Jiang, Tiannan Zhan, Linda Kimsey, Bart Staat, Catherine T. Witkop, Sarah E. Little, Adil H. Haider, Julian N. Robinson Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Detection and care practices for postpartum depressive symptoms in public ‐sector obstetric units in Mexico: Qualitative results from a resource‐constrained setting
ConclusionCritical needs in obstetric units include formal mental health care detection and care protocols during the perinatal period, strategies to address mental health needs despite short hospital stays, and training for providers on how to implement detection and care protocols and strategies. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - August 22, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jean Marie S. Place, Betania Allen ‐Leigh, Deborah L. Billings, Kiya M. Dues, Filipa Castro Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

“I don’t know what I was expecting”: Home visits by neonatology fellows for infants discharged from the NICU
ConclusionsHome visits allowed neonatology fellows to examine how their discharge preparation did, or did not, meet the family's needs. Incorporating home visits into neonatology training could help fellows learn about the relevance of social and community factors that are difficult to assess in the inpatient setting. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - August 22, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Janice E. Hobbs, Megan M. Tschudy, Brenda Hussey ‐Gardner, Jacky M. Jennings, Renee D. Boss Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - August 15, 2017 Category: OBGYN Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Hospital ‐ownership status and cesareans in the United States: The effect of for‐profit hospitals
ConclusionThis research suggests that women who give birth in for‐profit hospitals are more likely to have cesareans than women who give birth in not‐for‐profit hospitals. This information is important to women when deciding where to give birth. Knowing which hospital characteristics are associated with a greater likelihood of cesarean is helpful since hospital cesarean rates may be difficult to find. These findings are also informative for obstetric professionals, who can implement improvement initiatives to decrease cesarean rates and improve the overall quality of care for childbearing women in the United States. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - July 24, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Theresa Morris, Kelly McNamara, Christine H. Morton Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Understanding the relationship between cesarean birth and stress, anxiety, and depression after childbirth: A nationwide cohort study
ConclusionsCesarean birth was associated with an increased risk of postpartum stress symptoms. Health professionals should avoid unnecessary cesarean birth, pay attention to women who deliver by cesarean, and intervene appropriately in an attempt to improve mental health among postpartum women. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - June 8, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Hung ‐Hui Chen, Jerry Cheng‐Yen Lai, Shyh‐Jou Hwang, Nicole Huang, Yiing‐Jenq Chou, Li‐Yin Chien Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Formula supplementation in hospital and subsequent feeding at discharge among women who intended to exclusively breastfeed: An administrative data retrospective cohort study
ConclusionWomen and their infants who receive formula in hospital need additional support to attain exclusive breastfeeding by hospital discharge. Such support is especially needed for younger women, smokers, and women with breastfeeding difficulties. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - June 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jason P. Bentley, Natasha Nassar, Maree Porter, Michelle Vroome, Elizabeth Yip, Amanda J. Ampt Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

University women's and men's mindsets surrounding postcesarean birth: Findings and implications for practice and policy
Abstract BackgroundNearly twice as many women report preferring vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) than actually undergo it. It is unknown whether the preference pattern would hold in childbearing‐aged individuals who had not yet been directly influenced by care experiences. We therefore examined postcesarean birth preferences in nulliparous university women and men to provide additional evidence to help advance related policy and practice. MethodsAn online study of 558 university women and 164 men who read a hypothetical postcesarean birth scenario was conducted. Students selected the option they would prefer for thems...
Source: Birth - June 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Elizabeth Soliday, Gillian Grant, Jillian James, Bailey Noell, Joel Samaduroff Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Labor, delivery, and anesthesia experiences of women with physical disability
ConclusionsThe responses of women in this study suggest that there is need to make intrapartum care better for women with physical disabilities and to improve their experiences with labor, birth, and obstetric anesthesia care. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - June 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Suzanne C. Smeltzer, Amy J. Wint, Jeffrey L. Ecker, Lisa I. Iezzoni Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of exercise ‐based interventions on postpartum depression: A meta‐analysis of randomized controlled trials
ConclusionPhysical exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period is a safe strategy to achieve better psychological well‐being and to reduce postpartum depressive symptoms. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - June 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Raquel Poyatos ‐León, Antonio García‐Hermoso, Gema Sanabria‐Martínez, Celia Álvarez‐Bueno, Iván Cavero‐Redondo, Vicente Martínez‐Vizcaíno Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Source Type: research

Issue Information ‐ Table of Contents
(Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - May 17, 2017 Category: OBGYN Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research