Isolation of crude fucoidan from Sargassum wightii using conventional and ultra-sonication extraction methods
Publication date: October 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre, Volume 20Author(s): Mandakini Devi Hanjabam, Anuj Kumar, C.S. Tejpal, Elavarasan Krishnamoorthy, Pankaj Kishore, K. Ashok KumarAbstractFucoidan, a fucose rich sulphated polysaccharide, generally found in cell wall matrix of brown seaweeds possess diverse physiological properties. Crude fucoidan was extracted from Sargassum wightii, a brown seaweed common along the Indian coastline. A comparison was made between hot water extraction (HWE) and ultra-sonication extraction (UAE) methods. The UAE method gave higher yield (14.61 g/100 g) than HW...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - October 13, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Biotechnological potential of exopolysaccharide as a bioemulsifier produced by Rhizobium radiobacter CAS isolated from curd
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Digambar Kavitake, Farhat Zakirhusain Marchawala, Cedric Delattre, Prathapkumar Halady Shetty, Hilor Pathak, Prasad AndhareAbstractSuccinoglycan exopolysaccharide (EPS) from Rhizobium radiobacter CAS and its rheological behavior has been studied earlier. In present investigation the emulsifying potential of CAS EPS has been determined. CAS EPS concentration was optimized with hydrocarbons soybean oil and n-Hexane, whereas effect of pH (3.0–11.0), salinity, monovalent ions, divalent ion, (NaCl, KCl and MgCl2),...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - October 13, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Investigating potential wound healing properties of polysaccharides extracted from Grewia mollis Juss. and Hoheria populnea A. Cunn. (Malvaceae)
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): N. Pearman, S.R. Moxon, S.M. Carnachan, M.E. Cooke, E.I. Nep, I.M. Sims, G.A. Morris, A.M. SmithAbstractThe Malvaceae family is a group of flowering plants that include approximately 244 genera, and 4225 species. Grewia mollis, and Hoheria populnea (lacebark), are examples of the Malvaceae family that are used in traditional medicine. For this study polysaccharide samples were extracted from the inner bark of Grewia mollis (unmodified (GG) and destarched grewia gum (GGDS)) and from the leaves of Hoheria populnea (la...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - October 10, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Isolation of crude fucoidan from Sargassum witghtii using conventional and ultra-sonication assisted methods
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Mandakini Devi Hanjabam, Anuj Kumar, C.S. Tejpal, Elavarasan K, Pankaj Kishore, K. Ashok KumarAbstractFucoidan is fucose rich sulphated polysaccharides having diverse biological properties generally found in cell wall matrix of brown seaweeds. Crude fucoidan was extracted from Sargassum wightii, a brown seaweed common along the Indian coastline. A comparison was made between hot water extraction (HWE) and ultra-sonication assisted extraction (UAE) methods. The UAE methods gave higher yield (14.61 g/100 g) tha...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - September 20, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Prebiotic potential of natural gums and starch for bifidobacteria of variable origins
In conclusion, 114 strains of human and animal origin (37 bifidobacterial species and subspecies) were able to utilize starch. Compared to that, mostly bifidobacteria of the animal origin were able to utilize a wider range of available natural substrates compared to the human bifidobacteria. In total, 29 strains were able to use NGs (10 species and subspecies). Most often used locust bean, guar, tragacanth, and arabic gums represent possible prebiotic sources for bifidobacteria in animal nutrition, ideally in synbiotic applications. Natural food thickeners were found to be useful potential prebiotics. However, a suitable c...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - September 13, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Ultrasound assisted extraction of the polysaccharide from Tuber aestivum and its in vitro anti-hyperglycemic activity
Publication date: October 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre, Volume 20Author(s): Devshri S. Mudliyar, Janne H. Wallenius, Dattatray K. Bedade, Rekha S. Singhal, Nuri Madi, Salem S. ShamekhAbstractTuber aestivum is one of the most popular and delicious truffles in the world economic market and is reported to possess a wide range of biological activities. The total carbohydrate of this truffle constitutes about 5.65% w/w dry weight basis (dwb). The present work compares the yield of the polysaccharide obtained by conventional hot water extraction followed by alcohol precipitation, and ultrasound assisted ...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - September 13, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Biosynthesis of methyl glucoside and its antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli
In this study, the methyl glucosides (MGn) was synthesized using β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and methanol through the coupling reaction of recombinant cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) from Bacillus circulans A11. The optimal condition for the synthesis of MGn consisted of an incubation of 1.5% (w/v) β-CD and 500 U/mL of CGTase in a water/methanol solution containing 30% (v/v) methanol at pH 6.0, 50 °C for 120 h. Upon analysis by TLC, at least three MG products were observed. The molecular weight of the main transferred product was 217.08 Da; this value was in accordance with methyl monoglucoside...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - September 6, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Ultrasound assisted extraction of the polysaccharide from Tuber aestivum and its in vitro antihyperglycemic activity
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Devshri S. Mudliyar, Janne H. Wallenius, Dattatray K. Bedade, Rekha S. Singhal, Nuri Madi, Salem S. ShamekhAbstractTuber aestivum is one of the most popular and delicious truffles in the world economic market and is reported to possess a wide range of biological activities. The total carbohydrate of this truffle constitutes about 5.65% w/w dry weight basis (dwb). The present work compares the yield of the polysaccharide obtained by conventional hot water extraction followed by alcohol precipitation, and ultrasound...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - September 6, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Aims and Scope & Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre, Volume 19Author(s): (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - August 16, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Clinical investigation to modulate the effect of fenugreek polysaccharides on type-2 diabetes
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Raheela Rashid, Hajra Ahmad, Zaheer Ahmed, Farhat Rashid, Nauman KhalidAbstractFenugreek is used extensively as spice, herb, food and medicine. Its active ingredient includes galactomannan, saponins, trigonelle, diosgenin and 4-hydroxyisoleucine has pronounced effect in controlling diabetes. The effect of galactomannan derived from fenugreek on fasting blood glucose, HbA1c and lipid profile was observed in newly diagnosed type-2 diabetics. The study was conducted as a 12-week interventional randomized, single blind co...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - June 27, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Physical, thermal, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of starches from corn, oat, and wheat enriched with Zataria essential oil
This study demonstrated the antioxidant and antibacterial capacities of starch enriched with ZEO as a potential antioxidant/antimicrobial ingredient. Corn, oat, and wheat starch increase the stability and bioavailability of ZEO while ZEO increases antioxidant and antibacterial activities of corn, oat, and wheat starch to make them functional foods.Graphical abstract (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - June 26, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Whole fruit pulp (mango) and a soluble fibre (pectin) impact bacterial diversity and abundance differently within the porcine large intestine
This study has shown that although pectin can promote extensive fermentation early in the LI, more prolonged and beneficial effects in the distal LI, including greater microbial species diversity, occur when the diet includes plant material with complex intact plant cell-walls, such as from mango.Graphical abstract (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - June 5, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Hypocholesterolemic potential and bioactivity spectrum of an exopolysaccharide from a probiotic isolate Lactobacillus paracasei M7
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Bilqeesa Bhat, Bijender Kumar BajajAbstractEver-rising prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) has induced enormous research impetus for reducing cardiovascular risk factors through innovative approaches. One of the major causes of CVDs is elevated level of serum cholesterol which though could be managed by drugs. But considering serious side effects of most of the available cholesterol lowering drugs, development of nonpharmacological cholesterol lowering approaches have gained momentum. Probiotics and/or derived...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - June 2, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

In vitro determination of prebiotic potential of aqueous extract of horse chestnut by-product
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Joanna Przyborska, Michael C. Hall, Mary Concannon (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - May 29, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Aims and Scope & Editorial Board
Publication date: April 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre, Volume 18Author(s): (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - May 24, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effects of different microwave intensity on the extraction yield and physicochemical properties of pectin from dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) peels
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Shahrooz Rahmati, Aminah Abdullah, Oon Lee KangAbstractIn this experiment, microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) was applied at different intensity of 300, 450, 600, and 800 W to extract pectin from dragon fruit peels. The microwave-assisted extraction was optimized using a central composite experimental design. The optimal extraction condition was established to be pH 2.07, extraction time of 65 s, and solid-to-liquid ratio of 66.57. The maxima extraction yields at 300, 450, 600, and 800 W were 11.8, 14.9, 17.2 an...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - May 11, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

In vivo study of the potential of the carbohydrate-mineral complex from pine nut shells as an ingredient of functional food products
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Olga Babich, Lyubov Dyshlyuk, Svetlana Noskova, Stanislav Sukhikh, Alexander Prosekov, Svetlana Ivanova, Valery PavskyAbstractThe presence of toxicological effects and the effect of increasing endurance from the consumption of processed products of pine nut shells (carbohydrate and mineral complex) have been studied. To study the possible toxicological effects of the carbohydrate-mineral complex in vivo, the effect of feed mixtures with the addition of a carbohydrate-mineral complex (formulation and manufacturing techn...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - May 11, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

β-Glucan, a dietary fiber in effective prevention of lifestyle diseases – An insight
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Gunjan Maheshwari, Sumathi Sowrirajan, Baby JosephAbstractβ-Glucan (β-G), a dietary fiber and a biologically active natural polysaccharide, is helpful in the prevention and control of obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetics and cancer. Witnessing an increasing trend in mortality due to these diseases, especially in low- and middle-income countries can partly be attributed to dietary habits. This review deliberately discusses the global scenario on the life style diseases (LSDs), its relation to food habit...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - May 11, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Xylooligosaccharides production process from lignocellulosic biomass and bioactive effects
This study presents XOS as an emerging prebiotic with more emphasis on its production processes and bioactive properties.Graphical abstract (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - April 30, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Microbial enzymatic degradation of tamarind galactoxyloglucan and wheat arabinoxylan by a porcine faecal inoculum
This study investigated the enzymatic degradation of solubilised tamarind galactoxyloglucan (GXG) and wheat arabinoxylan (AX), as models for abundant polysaccharides in the primary cell walls of fruits/vegetables and cereal grains, respectively. Using a porcine faecal inoculum, it was demonstrated that the microbial consortia produced surface-located endo-β-xyloglucanase and endo-β-xylanase, to enable the degradation of these polymers into oligosaccharides, close to the microbial surface. Subsequently, these oligosaccharides were completely degraded into monosaccharides by exo-degrading enzymes located both withi...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - April 28, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Chemical characterization, antioxidant properties, cholinesterase inhibitory and anti-amyloidogenic activities of sulfated polysaccharides from some seaweeds
Publication date: Available online 11 March 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Tosin A. Olasehinde, Leonard V. Mabinya, Ademola A. Olaniran, Anthony I. OkohAbstractSulfated polysaccharides were extracted from Ecklonia maxima (PKPM), Gelidium pristoides (PMNP) and Ulva rigida (PURL) and characterized using scanning electron microscope with energy dispersing x-ray (SEM-EDX), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Gas Chromatography-coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The radical scavenging activity, metal chelating effects, enzyme inhibitory potentials and anti-amyloidogenic activ...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - March 12, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Low molecular weight dextran production by Leuconostoc mesenteroides strains: Optimization of a new culture medium and the rheological assessments
In this study, MRS broth and milk permeate were used for growth of three strains (NRRL B-512F, NCIB 8023 and NRRL B-512) of L. mesenteroides and the growth rate, dextran production, and its rheological properties were studied. Evaluation of molecular weight by high-performance size exclusion chromatography system showed that dextran produced in milk permeate had a lower molecular weight (
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - March 11, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Optimization and characterization of polysaccharides extraction from Giant African snail (Achatina fulica) using pressurized hot water extraction (PHWE)
This study indicated that pressurized hot water extraction can be used to extract polysaccharides from A. fulica.Graphical abstract (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - February 19, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Aims and Scope & Editorial Board
Publication date: January 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre, Volume 17Author(s): (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - February 16, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The potential of marine oligosaccharides in pharmacy
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Catherine T. Nordgård, Shalini V. Rao, Kurt I. DragetAbstractComplex polysaccharides are widespread within the animal kingdom. At the molecular level, however, the importance of such components have largely been considered inferior compared to nucleic acids and proteins. This in spite of the fact that carbohydrates are well known to govern important biological processes like cell-cell and cell-ECM interactions. There are probably several reasons for this, out of which the huge challenges of characterizing an...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - February 15, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Structure driven immunomodulatory properties of xylo-/arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides and arabinoxylans in RAW264.7 macrophages
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Mihiri Mendis, Estelle Leclerc, Bradley L. Reuhs, Senay SimsekAbstractCereal derived arabinoxylans (AX) have been shown to possess immunomodulatory properties. However, AX are complex molecules that can exist with different degree of polymerization (DP) and degree of arabinose substitution (DS). We investigated the effect of these structural differences on the immunomodulatory property of xylo-oligosaccharides (XOS), arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides (AXOS) and AX polysaccharides. We investigated the effect of these sub...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - January 16, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effects of dietary fibres extracted from defatted sesame husk, rice bran & flaxseed on hypercholesteromic rats
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Isita Nandi, Avery Sengupta, Mahua GhoshAbstractSesame, rice bran and linseed, three well known oil seeds, are known to be rich in soluble and insoluble dietary fibres also. Our recent study discovered that the total dietary fiber (TDF) extracted from these defatted oil seeds consist about 68%, 27% and 39% dietary fiber respectively. The cholesterol lowering effect of dietary fiber and polyphenol rich products obtained from other sources are already well studied but these three have not been reported yet. In the p...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - December 30, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effects of dietary fibers extracted from defatted sesame husk, rice bran & flaxseed on hypercholesteromic rats
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Isita Nandi, Avery Sengupta, Mahua GhoshAbstractSesame, rice bran and linseed, three well known oil seeds, are known to be rich in soluble and insoluble dietary fibres also. Our recent study discovered that the total dietary fiber (TDF) extracted from these defatted oil seeds consist about 68, 27 and 39% dietary fibre respectively. The cholesterol lowering effect of dietary fibre and polyphenol rich products obtained from other sources are already well studied but these three have not been reported yet. In the pre...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - December 21, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The effect of Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate on structural changes of wheat gluten in a model system fortified with inulin: Investigation with Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
In this study the secondary structures and changes of model systems containing gluten and inulin were investigated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The effect of Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate (SSL) was also investigated in order to cover the undesirable properties of inulin on the properties of the dough, bread quality and shelf life. Curve fitting methods were used on the initial range of models and in the range of 1600–1700 cm-1 (amide bands I) to analyze the secondary structures of the models. Upon performing Gaussian–Lorenzian curve fitting, it was observed that by adding of 0.8% SSL to mod...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - December 16, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Isolation and characterization of major polysaccharides from maple sugar
Publication date: Available online 26 November 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Mylène Brochu, Claude-Paul Lafrance, Eric Landry, Maxim MaheuxAbstractMaple sugar is a product derived from maple sap that is used in North America diet for its exquisite taste or in replacement of cane sugar and other sugar substitutes. Previous researches have demonstrated that maple sugar has beneficial properties in the treatment of diabetes and other metabolic disorders which could be related to the presence of oligosaccharides or polysaccharides. Polysaccharides in maple sugar were isolated by solid-p...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - November 27, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Design, formulation, and characterization of a potential ‘whole food’ using fibre rich orange (Citrus sinensis Lin) pomace as base
Publication date: Available online 3 November 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Abosede Oluwakemi Oduntan, Gibson L. ArueyaAbstractResidues from processing of orange juice constitute a pollutant and an environmental nuisance especially when not properly disposed. In recent times, these are being recognized as veritable sources of dietary fibre and phenolics leading to its use as food supplements and flavourings among others. However, expanding this frontier of knowledge through conversion into whole foods with good dietary fibre profile remains to be explored. Orange pomace (O), soymeal (S) an...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - November 17, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Aims and Scope & Editorial Board
Publication date: October 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre, Volume 16Author(s): (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - November 9, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Design, formulation and characterization of a potential ‘whole food’ using fibre rich orange (Citrus sinensis Lin) pomace as base
Publication date: Available online 3 November 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Abosede Oluwakemi Oduntan, Gibson L. ArueyaAbstractResidues from processing of orange juice constitute a pollutant and an environmental nuisance especially when not properly disposed. In recent times, these are being recognized as veritable sources of dietary fibre and phenolics leading to its use as food supplements and flavourings among others. However, expanding this frontier of knowledge through conversion into whole foods with good dietary fibre profile remains to be explored. Orange pomace (O), soymeal (S) an...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - November 3, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Structure-dependent Immune Modulating Activity of Okra Polysaccharide on THP-1 Macrophages
This study aimed to investigate the structure-dependent immune modulating activity of water-extracted okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) polysaccharide on THP-1 macrophages. Native water-extracted okra polysaccharides (OP) with high molecular weights (>640 kDa) were digested with a polygalacturonase enzyme. Digestion promoted the removal of pectin linear regions (Homogalacturonan; HG), consequently reduced their molecular weight. Digested okra polysaccharides (OPD) were fractionated through size exclusion chromatography to obtain OPDF1 (>640 kDa) and OPDF2 (≤18 kDa). Results revealed all polysacchar...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - October 31, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Soybean Okara modulates gut microbiota in rats fed a high-fat diet
Publication date: Available online 26 September 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): E. Pérez-López, A.M. Veses, N. Redondo, M.D. Tenorio-Sanz, M.J. Villanueva, A. Redondo-Cuenca, A. Marcos, E. Nova, I. Mateos-Aparicio, P. RupérezAbstractOkara is a valuable and abundant by-product from soybean processing which has a high dietary fibre content, mainly composed of insoluble fibre. In order to increase its solubility, a high hydrostatic pressure treatment combined with Ultraflo® L enzyme was applied to prepare a soluble dietary fibre-enriched Okara. Then, its healthy effects...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - October 4, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Dietary Fibers and Their Fermented Short-Chain Fatty Acids in Prevention of Human Diseases
Publication date: Available online 26 September 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Kedar N Prasad, Stephen C BondyAbstractMany studies show that daily consumption of high-fiber diet reduces the risk of developing kidney stones, inflammatory disease, colon cancer and other malignancies, obesity, type II diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Dietary fibers are non-digestible polysaccharides that are composed of complex carbohydrates. Based on their relative solubility in water, dietary fibers can be divided into insoluble and soluble forms. Soluble fibers absorb water to form a gel in the intesti...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - October 4, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Editorial to "13th International Hydrocolloids Conference"
Publication date: July 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre, Volume 15Author(s): S.W. Cui, Goff, H. Douglas (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - August 22, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Aims and Scope & Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre, Volume 15Author(s): (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - August 22, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Inhibitory Effect of fermented pectin on key metabolic enzymes associated with diabetes, obesity; and Liver-Kidney tissues toxicities
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Khaled Hamden, Mohamed Ali Boujibiha, Nouha ben Abdeljelil, Manel Njima, Lotfi AchourAbstractConsumption of a high fat and sugar diets induced serious disorders and diseases such as obesity, hyperlipidemia and type2 diabetes. Food fiber exerts various beneficial effects in health. The present study evaluate the effect of Soluble Fermentable Dietary Pectin (SFDP) in high-fat/fructose diet (HFFD) induced obesity, hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia. The findings indicate that administration of SFDP to HFFD rats improved bo...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - August 18, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Characterization and in vitro digestibility of by-products from Brazilian food industry: cassava bagasse, orange bagasse and passion fruit peel
In conclusion, the tested by-products are good sources of diverse types of fibres and have a great potential to be incorporated into different food products, decreasing food waste and contributing to a sustainable food system.Graphical abstract (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - August 9, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Antitumor Effect of A Crude Protein-Bound Polysaccharide Substance Extracted From Volvariella speciosa
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Faten Hereher, Amira ElFallal, Mohammed Abou-Dobara, Elshahat TosonAbstractMushroom polysaccharides, as the main active ingredient in the mushroom, inhibit cancer cells by activating host immune system. These special properties along with minimal side effects make mushroom polysaccharides as novel anticancer therapies. The present study involved the investigation of polysaccharides from fruit bodies of Volvariella speciosa on growth of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cell lines. In a pilot study two modes of treatment...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - July 31, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Inhibitory Effect of fermented pectin on Digestive Enzymes Related to obesity, Hyperlipidemia and hyperglycaemia; and Liver-Kidney tissues toxicities
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Khaled Hamden, Mohamed Ali Boujibiha, Nouha ben Abdeljelil, Manel Njima, Lotfi AchourAbstractConsumption of a high fat and sugar diets induced serious disorders and diseases such as obesity, hyperlipidemia and type2 diabetes. Food fibre exerts various beneficial effects in health. The present study evaluate the effect of Soluble Fermentable Dietary Pectin (SFDP) in high-fat/fructose diet (HFFD) induced obesity, hyperlipidemia and hyperglycaemia. The findings indicate that administration of SFDP to HFFD rats improved b...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - July 27, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The impact of dietary fibres on the physiological processes of the large intestine
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Saloni Gill, Peter I. Chater, Matthew D. Wilcox, Jeffrey P. Pearson, Iain A. BrownleeAbstractNo endogenous secretion of digestive enzymes occurs within the human large intestine, yet this region of the gut still has an important role in the absorption of water and a range of nutrients. In parallel, the large intestine must also cope with a high load of micro-organisms and an increasing concentration of potentially toxic agents. The duality of these roles (facilitating absorption while effectively partitioning damaging...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - July 19, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effect of ultra high temperature processing and storage conditions on phenolic acid, avenanthramide, free fatty acid and volatile profiles from Australian oat grains
Publication date: Available online 22 September 2016Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Jasmeet Kaur, Andrew Whitson, John Ashton, Lita Katopo, Stefan KasapisAbstractThe present study examines the influence of ultra high temperature (UHT) treatment and storage conditions (22 and 40 °C) on the phenolic acid and avenanthramide composition of oat samples during 12-week shelf life. The evolution of free fatty acid and volatile compounds is also investigated due to their impact on storage quality. Ferulic acid is found as the most abundant phenolic acid in oat samples followed by p-coumaric acid...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - July 10, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Impact of dietary fibre on in vitro digestibility of modified tapioca starch: viscosity effect
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2016Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Nikolay Repin, Steve W. Cui, H. Douglas GoffAbstractIn the current work, amylolysis of modified tapioca starch in simulated small intestinal conditions was studied in the presence of each of four dietary fibre types including yellow mustard mucilage, soluble flaxseed gum, fenugreek gum or oat gum. Each fibre was used at concentrations that were matched across the four fibre types for post-digestion viscosity. Due to molecular heterogeneity these concentrations were different for each fibre. The progress of amyloly...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - July 10, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Enhanced production and antioxidant activity of endo-polysaccharides from Phellinus igniarius mutants screened by low power He-Ne laser and ultraviolet induction
In this study, a Phellinus igniarius mutant was screened through low power He-Ne laser and ultraviolet (UV) induction. The mutant was then used to improve the production of endo-polysaccharides. In the shake flasks, the dry weight of the mycelial biomass and the production of endo-polysaccharides derived from the screened mutant (JZx) fermentation were 20.715 g/L and 1.428 g/L, respectively, which were 40.31% and 56.58% higher than those of the control strain (CK). In addition, isozyme electropheresis spectrogram analysis results indicated that the genetic materials of the screened mutants were altered. The endo-...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - July 10, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Impact of resistant vs. digested starch on starch energy value in the pig gut
Publication date: Available online 4 August 2017Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Janelle M. Fouhse, Ruurd T. ZijlstraAbstractA major energy substrate for monogastric species such as humans and swine is starch from cereal grains, pulses and tubers. The rate, site and extent of starch digestion in the gastro-intestinal tract are dependent on the intrinsic factors of starch origin and the extrinsic factors such as applied processing methods. In monogastric species, starch escaping small intestinal digestion becomes readily available for microbial fermentation in the hindgut and has been coined resis...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - July 10, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Biological and pharmaceutical activities of mushroom β-glucan discussed as a potential functional food ingredient
Publication date: Available online 27 December 2017Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Asma Ashraf Khan, Adil Gani, Firdous A. Khanday, F.A. MasoodiAbstractMushroom species have been recognized as medicinal plant due to presence of various bioactive compounds. The well known bioactive compound for biological and pharmaceutical activities present in mushroom species is β-glucan. The β-glucan from other sources like yeasts and cereals is well summarized in the literature, but mushroom β-glucan is not well documented. Mushroom β-glucans provide a unique opportunity for the discovery...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - July 10, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Influence of low molecular weight compounds associated to cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) fiber on lipid metabolism, glycemia and insulinemia of normal mice
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of cashew fiber wheter or not associated with low molecular weight compounds on lipid profile, abdominal adiposity, glycemia and insulinemia and serum concentration of ghrelin and leptin hormones from normal mice. We evaluated the cashew fiber in its integral form (IcF) and the cashew fiber after being submitted to the process of extraction of low molecular weight metabolites (cFSM). The two fibers were incorporated into the feed of male Swiss mice for 15 weeks. At the end of the treatment, blood glucose, total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides, urea, AST, ALT, ...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - July 10, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Aims and Scope & Editorial Board
Publication date: January 2018Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre, Volume 13Author(s): (Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre)
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - July 10, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research