Source-Orientation and Avoidance/Approach-Orientation are Important Components of Introjected Regulation for Leisure-Time Physical Activity.
Abstract Introjected regulation has been inconsistently linked to physical activity, which may be due to it being an umbrella construct for different types of introjected regulation that have the potential to be differentially related to behavior. We evaluated (1) whether self-oriented approach, self-oriented avoidance, other-oriented approach, and other-oriented avoidance were distinct constructs from one another and from identified regulation, and (2) whether the following were related to physical activity engagement from strongest to weakest: self-oriented approach, self-oriented avoidance, other-oriented appro...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: More KR, Phillips LA Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Affective Vulnerability across Non-Daily and Daily Electronic Cigarette Users.
Abstract Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use has risen exponentially since its initial introduction. The widespread and growing use of these novel products has prompted increased research to evaluate use from a nuanced perspective that considers patterns and antecedents of use. Specifically, research has identified sociodemographic characteristics related to varying levels of e-cigarette use frequency. Yet, limited research has investigated broad-based psychological factors related to frequent and infrequent e-cigarette use. The current study sought to address this clinically relevant research gap within a cros...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - July 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mayorga NA, Chavez J, Garey L, Otto MW, Zvolensky MJ Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
The Association of Optimism with Sleep Duration and Quality: Findings from the Coronary Artery Risk and Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.
Abstract Optimism is associated with better health outcomes with hypothesized effects due in part to optimism's association with restorative health processes. Limited work has examined whether optimism is associated with better quality sleep, a major restorative process. We test the hypothesis that greater optimism is associated with more favorable sleep quality and duration. Main analyses included adults aged 32-51 who participated in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study (n = 3,548) during the fifth (Year 15: 2000-2001) and sixth (Year 20: 2005-2006) follow-up visits. ...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - July 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hernandez R, Vu TT, Kershaw KN, Boehm JK, Kubzansky LD, Carnethon M, Trudel-Fitzgerald C, Knutson KL, Colangelo LA, Liu K Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Can Participants' Characteristics Predict Benefit from a Multimodal Burnout Prevention Program? Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial Conducted in Germany.
Abstract Chronic psychological distress appears to be increasing markedly among the working population. A recent randomized controlled trial (RCT) supported the effectiveness of a three-week outpatient burnout prevention program-comprised of stress management interventions, relaxation, physical exercise, and moor baths followed by massage-in reducing perceived stress and emotional exhaustion. However, the effectiveness of treatments in the real world that were shown to be efficacious in RCTs is related to the appropriate selection of individuals who are most likely to yield sustainable gains. Therefore, factors pr...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - July 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vanajan A, Stier-Jarmer M, Ivandic I, Schuh A, Sabariego C Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Medication Beliefs, HIV-Related Stigmatization, and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy: An Examination of Alternative Models.
Abstract HIV-related stigma and beliefs about medication necessity and concerns have separately demonstrated significant associations with antiretroviral adherence in people with HIV. However, no work has examined both of these associations in the same model. Based on the necessity-concerns framework, this study examined four alternative models of relationships among HIV-related stigma, medication beliefs, and adherence. Cross-sectional analyses were used to test the four alternative models to best depict associations among HIV-related stigma, medication beliefs, and medication adherence. Models tested included tw...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - July 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mitzel LD, Foley JD, Sweeney SM, Park A, Vanable PA Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Socioeconomic Disadvantage, Mental Health and Substance Use in Young Men in Emerging Adulthood.
Abstract Emerging adulthood is a neglected phase of the life course in health research. Health problems and risk behaviors at this time of life can have long-term consequences for health. The 2016 Lancet Commission on Adolescent Health and Wellbeing reported that the influence of socioeconomic factors was under-researched among adolescents and young adults. Moreover, the influence of socioeconomic factors on health has been little researched specifically in emerging adult men. We aimed to investigate associations between socioeconomic disadvantage and mental health, suicidal behavior, and substance use in young ad...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - June 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Currier D, Patton G, Sanci L, Sahabandu S, Spittal M, English D, Milner A, Pirkis J Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Benefits of Yoga on IL-6: Findings from a Randomized Controlled Trial of Yoga for Depression.
Abstract The present research sought to examine whether hatha yoga, implemented as an adjunctive intervention for major depression, influences markers of inflammation. A subset of 84 participants who were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of hatha yoga vs. health education control provided blood samples at baseline (pre-treatment) and at 3-(during treatment) and 10-week (end of treatment) follow-up visits. To be eligible for the RCT, participants met criteria for a current or recent (past two years) major depressive episode, had current elevated depression symptoms, and current antidepressant medicat...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nugent NR, Brick L, Armey MF, Tyrka AR, Ridout KK, Uebelacker LA Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
ADHD Symptoms and Sex Moderate the Relation Between Protective Behavioral Strategies and Alcohol Use Among Treatment-Mandated College Students.
This study examined whether attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms moderate the relationship between protective behavioral strategies and alcohol use, and whether this differs by sex. Participants were 125 treatment-mandated college students (58.6% male; Mage = 19.50 years) who completed measures of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, protective behavioral strategies, and past-2-week drinking. There was a significant 3-way interaction such that drinking was highest when protective behavioral strategy use was low and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms were high, but only for women. There was...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - April 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Looby A, Cleveland CS, Zimmerman L, Hartung CM Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Indirect Associations of Anxiety Sensitivity with Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drug Use Problems Through Emotional Disorder Symptoms in Adolescents.
Abstract Theoretically, anxiety sensitivity-fear of anxiety symptoms-enhances perception of and emotional reactivity to autonomic arousal and mental distress, thereby increasing negative affect and motivation to use substances for negative reinforcement. Because no prior study of adolescents has tested if anxiety sensitivity is indirectly associated with substance use problems through symptoms of emotional disorders (i.e., disorders involving high levels of negative affect), the current cross-sectional study examined this theoretical pathway. Participants included ninth-grade students from 10 different high school...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - April 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Guillot CR, Blackledge SM, Douglas ME, Cloutier RM, Liautaud MM, Pang RD, Kirkpatrick MG, Leventhal AM Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Posttraumatic Stress, Academic Performance, and Future Orientation as Pathways to Community Violence Exposure and Sexual Risk among African American Youth in Chicago's Southside.
Abstract Posttraumatic stress, low academic performance, and future orientation as pathways from community violence exposure to sexual risk-taking behavior were examined among 753 African American youth in a large urban school district, ranging from ages of 13 to 24 years. Youth completed a self-report instrument. Youth completed a self-report instrument of Exposure to Violence Probe, University of California at Los Angeles' PTSD Reaction Index Adolescent Version, and Coopersmith's Self-Esteem Scale. Structural equation modeling was performed to examine relationships among the major study variables. Results...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - April 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hong JS, Lee JJ, Kim J, Iadipaolo AS, Espelage DL, Voisin DR Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
A Pilot Study of Cancer 101 for Incarcerated Male Smokers.
Abstract Incarcerated men in the United States, an understudied population, have not been the focus of cancer prevention research. This pilot study explored the impact of Cancer 101 for imprisoned male smokers to increase cancer knowledge and promote cancer prevention activities in the prison population. Cancer 101 was pilot tested for adoption with representatives from the target audience in three prison facilities located in the northeastern region of the United States, and based on their feedback, modifications were implemented. Pretest and posttest surveys were used to assess knowledge of attitudes regarding t...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - April 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Valera P, Mackey D, Cropsey K Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Delay Discount Rate Moderates a Physical Activity Intervention Testing Immediate Rewards.
Abstract Financial incentives can increase physical activity (PA), but differences in the immediacy of reward delivery and individual differences in delay discount rates (i.e., higher discount values associated with less tolerance for delayed rewards) may explain differential responding. The current study tested whether delay discount rate moderated the relative effectiveness of immediate financial rewards on increasing daily PA. Inactive, overweight adults (ages 18-60, N = 96) were randomized to receive either smaller, immediate goal-contingent rewards or larger, delayed rewards for participation. D...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - April 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Phillips CB, Hurley JC, Angadi SS, Todd M, Berardi V, Hovell MF, Adams MA Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Resilience and Beliefs in the Effectiveness of Current Antiretroviral Therapies Among Recently Disengaged Low-Income People of Color Living with HIV.
Abstract Consistent antiretroviral adherence is key to viral suppression, but many low-income people of color living with HIV are not optimally adherent due to a wide variety of interrelated social and structural factors. Previous studies have found that HIV medication beliefs are an important facet of adherence. In contrast to the AZT era , currently available antiretroviral therapies are significantly safer and more effective, but research suggests that negative beliefs may persist among racial and ethnic minority people. Twenty-seven semi-structured interviews were conducted with low-income Black and Lat...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - March 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jaiswal J, Singer SN, Lekas HM Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Life Events, Emotions, and Immune Function: Evidence from Whitehall II Cohort Study.
In this study, we adopted an evolutionary and functionalist perspective on emotions and hypothesized that both positive and negative emotions in response to stressful events are protective, whereas absence of emotional reactions exacerbates vulnerability to infections. We assessed immune function using lymphocytes to white blood cells ratio as a proxy for current viral infection in 3,008 British civil workers (30% women). No main effect of stressful life events or emotions on lymphocyte ratio was observed in either sex. However, in men, there was an interaction of life events with both positive and negative emotions as wel...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - March 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dich N, Rozing MP, Kivimäki M, Doan SN Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Coping Versus Mastery Modeling Intervention to Enhance Self-efficacy for Exercise in Patients with COPD.
Abstract The literature suggests self-efficacy is a determinant of physical activity and management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to (1) test the effects of two vicarious experience interventions, coping versus mastery modeling, on self-efficacy in COPD patients performing a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), and (2) determine the type of self-efficacy most strongly related to physical activity in COPD patients. After a baseline assessment of self-efficacy (task, coping for exercise, coping for breathing, scheduling, and walking) and potential moderators, 120 COP...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - February 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Selzler AM, Rodgers WM, Berry TR, Stickland MK Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Substance Use Stigma, Primary Care, and the New York State Prescription Drug Monitoring Program.
This study explores the implementation of mandatory PDMP technology in primary care practice and the effects on treatment of people with possible substance use disorders. Findings are based on 53 in-depth interviews with primary care providers in New York City, collected shortly following the passage of legislation mandating use of a PDMP by health care providers in New York State. Findings suggest that use of the PDMP highlighted tensions between provider stigma toward substance use disorders and the clinical care of people who use drugs, challenging their stereotypes and biases. The parallel clinical and law enforcement ...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - February 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Allen B, Harocopos A, Chernick R Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Impairments in life satisfaction in infertility: Associations with perceived stress, affectivity, partnership quality, social support and the desire to have a child.
This study aimed to quantify impairments in life satisfaction in infertile couples and to identify psychosocial variables moderating these impairments. For this purpose, 228 infertile couples completed the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LSQ), Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ), Partnership Questionnaire (PQ), Social Support Questionnaire, (SSQ) and Questionnaire on the Desire to Have a Child (QDC). Our sample scored below the norm of the general population on the LSQ sum score and various subscales, including those assessing social re...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - February 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kiesswetter M, Marsoner H, Luehwink A, Fistarol M, Mahlknecht A, Duschek S Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Psychosocial Functioning After One Year of Interdisciplinary Pediatric Weight Management.
Abstract Youth with obesity are more likely than normal-weight peers to experience psychosocial problems. Empirically-based recommendations for addressing pediatric obesity include intensive interdisciplinary weight management comprising medical, behavioral health, nutrition, and exercise components. The present study examined changes in psychosocial functioning associated with frequency of participation in an interdisciplinary pediatric weight management program. Participants were 86 patients (55.8% females; median age = 11.5 years; 67.4% Non-Hispanic Black; median BMI percentile = 99.5) enrolled in an int...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - February 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thomaseo Burton E, Jones TL, Smith WA, Han JC Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Associations between causal attributions for obesity and long-term weight loss.
Abstract Obesity is a complex disease caused by a wide array of behavioral, biological, and environmental factors. However, obesity is often attributed to oversimplified and stigmatizing causal factors such as laziness, lack of willpower, and failure to take personal responsibility for one's health. Understanding of the causal factors that contribute to obesity among people with obesity may affect their weight management efforts. The current study explored associations between causal attributions for obesity and long-term weight loss, as well as examined potential changes in attributions with weight reduction. The...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - January 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pearl RL, Wadden TA, Chao AM, Alamuddin N, Berkowitz RI, Walsh O, Allison KC, Tronieri JS Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Positive Development and Changes in Self-Rated Health Among Young Sexual Minority Males: The P18 Cohort Study.
In conclusion, the presence of positive development characteristics, specifically generalized optimism, life satisfaction and social responsibility, may buffer against negative SRH assessments. Health promotion programs focusing on positive development may more effectively promote health and well-being among YSMM. PMID: 30657441 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Behavioral Medicine)
Source: Behavioral Medicine - January 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kapadia F, D'Avanzo PA, Cook SH, Barton S, Halkitis SN, Halkitis PN Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Benefits of a Psychosocial Intervention on Positive Affect and Posttraumatic Growth for Chinese American Breast Cancer Survivors: A Pilot Study.
Abstract Breast cancer survivors report persistent psychological and physical symptoms, which affect their quality of life and may challenge the recovery process. Due to social, cultural, and linguistic barriers, culturally sensitive care is largely unavailable for Chinese Americans, and their psychological needs are not often addressed. We aimed to investigate whether the Joy Luck Academy (JLA), a psychosocial intervention providing both information and peer support, was associated with positive adjustment among Chinese American breast cancer survivors. Thirty-nine Chinese American breast cancer survivors partici...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - January 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Warmoth K, Yeung NCY, Xie J, Feng H, Loh A, Young L, Lu Q Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Cigarette Smoking and E-Cigarette Use by Pharmacy Students in Serbia.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to assess the use of e-cigarettes among pharmacy students. In 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional study among pharmacy students enrolled at the University of Kragujevac (Serbia). Overall, 47.0% of pharmacy students reported that they ever smoked cigarettes; 29.7% were former and 17.3% were current smokers. The overall prevalence of e-cigarette use was 9.9%. The final year pharmacy students significantly more frequently smoked tobacco cigarettes (p = .001) and used e-cigarettes (p = .009) compared to younger students. Also, alcohol use was positive...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - January 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ilic I, Grujicic Sipetic S, Radovanovic D, Ilic M Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Randomized Controlled Trial of A 12-Week Yoga-Based (Including Diet) Lifestyle vs. Dietary Intervention on Cardio-Metabolic Risk Factors and Continuous Risk Score in Indian Adults with Metabolic Syndrome.
Abstract Metabolic syndrome, a prediabetic and precardiovascular pathologic condition that begins early in life, tracks into adulthood and magnifies with age. Randomized controlled trials evaluating efficacy of yoga-based lifestyle vs. dietary intervention on metabolic syndrome are lacking. Here, the efficacy of a 12-week yoga-based lifestyle intervention vs. dietary intervention on cardio-metabolic risk factors and metabolic syndrome risk scores have been assessed in Indian adults with metabolic syndrome. In this two-arm, open label, parallel group, randomized controlled trial, 260 adults (20-45 years) dia...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - January 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yadav R, Yadav RK, Khadgawat R, Pandey RM, Upadhyay AD, Mehta N Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Explaining the Immigrant Paradox: The Influence of Acculturation, Enculturation, and Acculturative Stress on Problematic Alcohol Consumption.
Abstract The present study explored the Immigrant Paradox (IP), generational differences in problematic alcohol use (alcohol consumption and alcohol-related consequences), among immigrants and US born groups from a number of ethnic minority backgrounds. Our approach separates group differences in problematic alcohol consumption in a counterfactual manner for immigrants and the US born to answer the following counterfactual question: "What would problematic alcohol use levels be for the US born had they been exposed to the alcohol use generation (or protective) processes of immigrants and vice versa?" Mul...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - January 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alamilla SG, Barney BJ, Small R, Wang SC, Schwartz SJ, Donovana RA, Lewis C Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Understanding HIV-Related Pill Aversion as a Distinct Barrier to Medication Adherence.
Abstract Pill aversion, defined as difficulty swallowing pills without identifiable medical cause, is a poorly characterized barrier to sustained viral suppression for many HIV-infected persons. We aimed to quantify the frequency of self-reported pill aversion, characterize its symptoms, and measure the association between self-reported pill aversion and missing antiretroviral doses. This is a prospective, observational, exploratory survey study of English-speaking persons living with HIV (PLHIV) at a single urban tertiary outpatient clinic. Participants completed anonymous questionnaires about their experiences o...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - January 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dorman RM, Sutton SH, Yee LM Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Recreational Drug Use, Polydrug Use and Sexual Behaviors Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in Southwestern China: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Abstract Although recreational drug use is associated with risky sexual behaviors and HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM), it is unclear to what extent these behaviors and outcomes differ between single-drug users and polydrug users in China. This is a cross-sectional study conducted from July to September 2016 among MSM in three cities of Sichuan Province, China. Multinomial logistic regression was performed to examine factors correlated with single-drug and polydrug use. A total of 1,122 participants were included in the study. Overall, 28% of MSM have ever used recreational drugs, of whom 64.0% ...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - January 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dai Y, Musumari PM, Chen H, Huang Y, Techasrivichien T, Suguimoto SP, Zhang J, Ono-Kihara M, Kihara M Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Optimism and the Experience of Pain: A Systematic Review.
r S Abstract A growing body of literature provides evidence of the health-promoting effects of optimism, including its protective role in acute and chronic pain. Optimists are characterized by positive expectations concerning the future. These positive outcome expectancies lead to more and longer goal-directed efforts and the use of approach coping strategies. No systematic review on the effects of optimism on the experience of pain has so far been conducted. A search in the databases PubMed, Web of Science and PsycInfo, and the scanning of reference lists identified 69 eligible studies. These were categorized acc...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - December 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Basten-Günther J, Peters M, Lautenbacher S Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Predictors of Seeking Psychotherapy in Primary Care Patients with High Somatic Symptom Burden.
Abstract Many primary care patients with high somatic symptom burden do not initiate mental health treatment. Using a cross-sectional design, this study aimed to identify predictors of psychotherapy seeking behavior for patients with high somatic symptom burden within the last 12 months. Data from 20 primary care practices were analyzed. Patients with high somatic symptom burden were identified using the Patient Health Questionnaire, structured interviews, and information from primary care physicians (PCPs). Within the final sample of 142 patients, 54 (38.03%) had been seeking psychotherapy. More severe somatic sy...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - December 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kuby AK, Loewe B, Fabisch AB, Piontek K, Haerter M, Koenig HH, Shedden-Mora MC Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Social Networks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption in a Pediatric Urban Academic Practice.
Abstract Increased sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is linked to childhood obesity. The risk of increased SSB consumption is multifactorial. Limited studies have examined children's SSB consumption and social networks. In order to examine the association between SSB consumption and SSB preferences of a child's social network, a cross-sectional survey was administered to patients aged 8-17 years from June to September 2016. In a questionnaire, subjects completed a beverage consumption recall, identified people important to them along with each person's favorite beverage, and answered questions about habit...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - November 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Duh-Leong C, Braganza S Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Sleep Hygiene Mediates, but Does Not Moderate, Associations Between Temperament and Sleep Quality in University Students.
Abstract Although there are theoretical reasons to expect associations among temperament, sleep hygiene behaviors (SHB), and global sleep quality (GSQ), these relations have not yet been examined despite their potential impact on undergraduate student well-being. The present study was conducted to (1) examine relations between temperament and GSQ in university students broadly recruited, (2) document associations between SHB and temperament in this sample, and (3) to determine whether associations among temperament, SHB, and GSQ were best explained by mediation or moderation models. One hundred fifty-two universit...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - November 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lukowski AF, Eales L, Tsukerman D Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Psychosocial Correlates of Frailty Among HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Adults.
Abstract Frailty is a geriatric condition characterized by increased vulnerability to physical impairments and limitations that may lead to disabilities and mortality. Although studies in the general population suggest that psychosocial factors affect frailty, less is known about whether similar associations exist among people living with HIV (PLWH). The purpose of this study was to examine psychosocial correlates of frailty among PLWH and HIV-uninfected adults. Our sample included 127 adults (51% PLWH) participating in the Multi-Dimensional Successful Aging among HIV-Infected Adults study at the University of Cal...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - November 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rubtsova AA, Marquine MJ, Depp C, Holstad M, Ellis RJ, Letendre S, Jeste DV, Moore DJ Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Predicting Colonoscopy Screening Behavior and Future Screening Intentions for African Americans Older than 50 Years.
Abstract African Americans experience a disproportionate burden of morbidity and mortality from colorectal cancer, which may be due to low adherence to screening recommendations. Previous studies have found relationships between decision-making factors and screening behavior, but few have looked at both cognitive and affective factors or within a specifically African American sample. To better understand determinants that drive screening behavior, this study examines affective, cognitive, and social variables as predictors of colonoscopy in an age-eligible African American population. Participants completed survey...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - November 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Klasko-Foster LB, Jandorf LM, Erwin DO, Kiviniemi MT Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Longitudinal Association of Sleep Problems and Distress Tolerance During Adolescence.
Abstract The mechanism by which sleep problems adversely impacts adolescent health is poorly understood. Distress tolerance-a multifactorial trait indicative of one's ability to withstand negative emotions and persist toward long-term goals-is implicated in numerous emotional psychopathologies and an important target for research and practice. We hypothesized that the adverse psychobiological effects of sleep problems could disrupt the development of distress tolerance during adolescence. This longitudinal study examined whether sleep problems predicted changes in four facets of distress tolerance during adolescen...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - October 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kechter A, Leventhal AM Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Advancing the Science on the Biopsychosocial Effects of Human Trafficking.
PMID: 30020864 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioral Medicine)
Source: Behavioral Medicine - July 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Le PD, Halkitis PN Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Psychological Consequences of Human Trafficking: Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Trafficked Children.
Abstract Trafficked children are frequently exposed to multiple traumatic events, including during their recruitment, transit, and exploitation. It has been hypothesized that such exposures can lead to the development of Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Complex PTSD includes (in addition to the core PTSD symptoms of re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal) disturbances in affect regulation, dissociation, self-concept, interpersonal relationships, somatization, and systems of meaning. This historical cohort study aimed to investigate Complex PTSD in trafficked children with a diagnosis of PTSD and...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - July 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ottisova L, Smith P, Oram S Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Human Trafficking Health Research: Progress and Future Directions.
PMID: 30020866 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioral Medicine)
Source: Behavioral Medicine - July 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Le PD Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Health Issues Associated with Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: A Systematic Review.
This article reviews studies examining health issues associated with commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking (CSE/ST) of children in the United States. We searched five health and social sciences databases for peer-reviewed articles published in English between January 1990 and April 2017. After independent screening of the records, we identified 27 studies that met the inclusion criteria. Descriptions of the included studies and their definitions of CSE/ST are provided. Most of the studies sampled children and youth in urban, metropolitan areas and employed cross-sectional surveys or reviewed case files and med...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - July 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Le PD, Ryan N, Rosenstock Y, Goldmann E Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Social Support, Dysfunctional Coping, and Community Reintegration as Predictors of PTSD Among Human Trafficking Survivors.
Abstract Human trafficking exerts psychological effects on survivors that persist after intervention, and even after community reintegration. Effects include anxiety, depression, alienation, disorientation, aggression, suicidal ideation, attention deficit, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Community supports and coping mechanisms may mitigate these effects. The report presented here is part of a long-term program of research to develop and test evidence-informed mental health and human capacity-building intervention programs for women and girls who are victims of trafficking. Structural equation modeling w...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - July 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Okech D, Hansen N, Howard W, Anarfi JK, Burns AC Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Ethical and Practical Considerations for Collecting Research-Related Data from Commercially Sexually Exploited Children.
This article presents seven challenges of collecting primary (i.e., firsthand) data from commercially sexually exploited children (CSEC). We drew on our research team's experience collecting longitudinal data from 28 CSEC survivors with a 12-month follow-up period. We used both face-to-face and electronic group brainstorming methods to nominate a list of research-related challenges. The two main themes that were identified were challenges that can limit data quality and concerns about the impact of research on participants, researchers, and others. The three challenges related to data quality are (1) the age of the researc...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - July 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rothman EF, Farrell A, Bright K, Paruk J Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Medical-Legal Partnership Impact on Parents' Perceived Stress: A Pilot Study.
Abstract Stress has adverse effects on health, and prolonged stress exposure is a risk factor for several mental and physical illnesses. 1 Families living in poverty face many stressors created and maintained by economic hardship and unaddressed legal and social needs. Medical-Legal Partnerships (MLPs) aim to improve health and well-being by addressing health-harming legal and social needs of patients. This pilot study examined whether MLP-involved parents perceived themselves as stressed; to what they attributed their stress; and whether they reported a reduction in stress when their MLP cases were closed. The st...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - June 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rosen Valverde JN, Backstrand J, Hills L, Tanuos H Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Prospective Relations between Social Comparison Orientation and Weight Loss Outcomes.
Abstract Maintenance of weight loss after behavioral intervention tends to be poor, and there is need for an improved understanding of factors that are associated with successful maintenance. Social comparison is known to be a powerful influence on treatment outcomes for group-based behavioral weight loss programs, but little is known about the role of individual differences in social comparison orientation (i.e., tendency to value comparison information) in this context. The goal of this study was to examine prospective relations between social comparison orientation and long-term weight loss outcomes (percent we...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - June 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Arigo D, Butryn ML Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Committed Action, Disability and Perceived Health in Individuals with Fibromyalgia.
This study provides important new information on the associations between a measure of committed action and perceived health and function in a sample of women with FM. The findings are also consistent with the psychological flexibility model for understanding pain and its impact in patients with FM. PMID: 29671691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Behavioral Medicine)
Source: Behavioral Medicine - April 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Galán S, Roy R, Solé E, Racine M, de la Vega R, Jensen MP, Miró J Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Salience and Impact of Health Warning Label on Cigarette Packs in Vietnam: Findings From the Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2015.
This study using the data from GATS 2015 to examine the salience and impact of cigarette pack health warnings on quitting intention in Vietnam. The Vietnam GATS 2015 was a nationally representative survey in which 9,513 households were selected using two-stage random systematic sampling method. Results of multivariate analysis showed that the strongest predictor for quit intention because of health warnings was "ever made a quit attempt in the past 12 months" followed by "believes that tobacco smoking causes serious illness". Compared to GATS 2010, GATS 2015 observed the increase in salience of cig...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - April 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ngoc Bich N, Thu Ngan T, Bao Giang K, Thi Hai P, Thi Thu Huyen D, Ngoc Khue L, Tuan Lam N, Van Minh H, Thi Quynh Nga P, The Quan N, Loan VH Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
The Effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Diabetes-Related Distress, Quality of Life, and Metabolic Control Among Persons with Diabetes: A Meta-Analytic Review.
Abstract Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have improved psychological outcomes for multiple chronic health conditions, including diabetes. A meta-analytic review of the literature was conducted on all located studies (n = 14) investigating MBIs that targeted diabetes-related distress (DRD) and diabetes-related outcomes among people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. PsychInfo, PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science were searched for MBIs that were designed to improve DRD and other secondary outcomes, including quality of life and measures of metabolic control. A meta-analysis of these outcomes uncovered small-to-...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - April 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bogusch LM, O'Brien WH Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Exploring mental health and substance use treatment needs of commercially sexually exploited youth participating in a specialty juvenile court.
Abstract The study sought to: 1) describe the mental health and substance use profiles among participants of a specialty trafficking court program (the Succeed Though Achievement and Resilience Court); 2) describe youths' mental health and substance use treatment prior to participating in the program; and 3) examine whether abuse influences report of mental health problems and/or substance use. Retrospective case review of court files was performed on commercially sexually exploited youth who volunteered to participate in the court from 2012 to 2014 (N = 184). All participants were female. Mental health problems a...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - March 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cook MC, Barnert E, Ijadi-Maghsoodi R, Ports K, Bath E Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in cancer: Review of applications and findings.
This study aimed to analyse published studies regarding the usefulness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in the treatment of oncological patients. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using the Web of Science, Google Scholar and Dialnet (2000-2016). Nineteen articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Those patients who received interventions based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy showed a better emotional state and quality of life and greater psychological flexibility. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy proved to be useful in the psychological treatment of oncological patients. However, the heterogenei...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - March 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: González-Fernández S, Fernández-Rodríguez C Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Behavioral, Psychological, Gender, and Health Service to Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection among Young Adult Mexican-American Women Living in a Disadvantaged Community.
Abstract Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is among the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections in the United States. Despite this, there has been limited research on the correlates to HSV-2 among disadvantaged and marginalized women, particularly among Latinas. Data for the present analysis include 125 young adult Mexican-American women enrolled in a longitudinal study in a disadvantaged urban community in San Antonio, Texas. The current rate of tested HSV-2 infection is 56.8%. Our findings suggest strong comorbidity of genital herpes with injecting heroin use, Hepatitis C, sexual violence, incarceration...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - March 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nowotny KM, Frankeberger J, Rodriguez VE, Valdez A, Cepeda A Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) Among Homeless Smokers: Risk and Protective Factors of Latent Class Membership.
CONCLUSIONS: The current findings provide novel evidence for three distinct classes of HRQoL among homeless smokers. Results suggest that older smokers with greater emotional distress, as evidenced by greater anxiety sensitivity and stress and less social support, may be particularly vulnerable to poorer HRQoL. PMID: 29558273 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Behavioral Medicine)
Source: Behavioral Medicine - March 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Garey L, Reitzel LR, Neisler J, Kendzor DE, Zvolensky MJ, Neighbors C, Hernandez DC, Businelle MS Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
The Psychometric Properties in the Chinese Version of the Reasons For Living Inventory and the Relationship with Suicidal Behaviors among Psychiatric Patients in Taiwan.
This study examines the reliability, factor structure, convergent, and construct validities of the Mandarin Chinese version of the Reasons For Living Inventory (RFL) among Taiwanese psychiatric patients. Demographical characteristics of patients who hold these adaptive cognitions and differences on the level of endorsement between suicidal and non-suicidal individuals were also investigated. All adult patients that had visited the psychiatric ambulatory clinic or had been admitted to the psychiatric ward in a general hospital in Taiwan over a 3-month period were consecutively invited to complete an inventory that included ...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - March 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chiu YC, Liu SI, Lin CJ, Huang YS, Fang CK, Sun FJ, Kao KL, Huang YP, Wu SI Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
A Comparison of Psychological Symptoms in Survivors of Sex and Labor Trafficking.
This study examined psychological symptoms in 131 survivors of sex and labor trafficking, including people trafficked into or within the U.S. High rates of depression (71%) and PTSD (61%) were identified. Two thirds of survivors also met criteria for multiple categories of Complex PTSD (C-PTSD), including affect dysregulation and impulsivity; alterations in attention and consciousness; changes in interpersonal relationships; revictimization; somatic dysregulation; and alterations in self-perception. Although there were not significant differences in the prevalence rates of diagnoses of PTSD or depression between survivors ...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - March 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hopper EK, Gonzalez LD Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research