Attitudes toward same ‐sex family rights: Education facilitating progressive attitude change
ConclusionsThe findings demonstrated the impact of educating people about same ‐sex parenting and illustrated the importance of targeting people who hold prejudicial attitudes, comparative to those who have pre‐existing positive attitudes toward same‐sex families. The results of this study support the idea that intervening societal attitudes toward same‐sex parenting m ay reduce opposition to same‐sex family rights. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stephanie N. Webb, Phil S. Kavanagh, Jill M. Chonody Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
Australian Journal of Psychology, Volume 72, Issue 1, Page 1-2, March 2020. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - February 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Attitudes toward same ‐sex family rights: Education facilitating progressive attitude change
ConclusionsThe findings demonstrated the impact of educating people about same ‐sex parenting and illustrated the importance of targeting people who hold prejudicial attitudes, comparative to those who have pre‐existing positive attitudes toward same‐sex families. The results of this study support the idea that intervening societal attitudes toward same‐sex parenting m ay reduce opposition to same‐sex family rights. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - February 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stephanie N. Webb, Phil S. Kavanagh, Jill M. Chonody Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
Australian Journal of Psychology, Volume 72, Issue 1, Page 1-2, March 2020. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - February 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Measuring psychological distress among Australians using an online survey
ConclusionsThese results can likely be attributed to the effect of conducting the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale via a face ‐to‐face interview versus an online survey. There are compelling reasons to believe that online surveys elicit more honest responses on sensitive issues, while face‐to‐face surveys are prone to social desirability bias. This suggests that Australian psychological distress may have been syste matically under‐estimated in previous research. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jack W. Klein, Garret T. Parker, Brock Bastian Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Smartphone distraction ‐addiction: Examining the relationship between psychosocial variables and patters of use
This study employs a mixed methods approach to study these relationships in an Australian sample. The study comprised of 164 participants aged between 18 –70 who completed the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale, the Smartphone Addiction Scale, and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale. Seven participants were also interviewed providing answers of a qualitative nature. Smartphone addiction significantly predicted higher levels of smartphone usage. Additionally, smartphone addiction, and distractibility also significantly predicted higher levels of stress, depression and anxiety. Qualitative results identified themes...
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Humberto Oraison, Olivia Nash ‐Dolby, Bruce Wilson, Ridhi Malhotra Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Measuring psychological distress among Australians using an online survey
ConclusionsThese results can likely be attributed to the effect of conducting the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale via a face ‐to‐face interview versus an online survey. There are compelling reasons to believe that online surveys elicit more honest responses on sensitive issues, while face‐to‐face surveys are prone to social desirability bias. This suggests that Australian psychological distress may have been syste matically under‐estimated in previous research. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jack W. Klein, Garret T. Parker, Brock Bastian Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Smartphone distraction ‐addiction: Examining the relationship between psychosocial variables and patters of use
This study employs a mixed methods approach to study these relationships in an Australian sample. The study comprised of 164 participants aged between 18 –70 who completed the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale, the Smartphone Addiction Scale, and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale. Seven participants were also interviewed providing answers of a qualitative nature. Smartphone addiction significantly predicted higher levels of smartphone usage. Additionally, smartphone addiction, and distractibility also significantly predicted higher levels of stress, depression and anxiety. Qualitative results identified themes...
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Humberto Oraison, Olivia Nash ‐Dolby, Bruce Wilson, Ridhi Malhotra Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Academic achievement: Interplay of positive parenting, self ‐esteem, and academic procrastination
ConclusionThe findings indicate that positive parenting has a significant impact on the self ‐esteem of university students, and self‐esteem significantly mediates between positive parenting, academic procrastination and academic achievement. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - December 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Syeda S. Batool Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Influence of fear of happiness on flourishing: Mediator roles of hope agency and hope pathways
ConclusionOverall, our results offered support for the link between hope and fear of happiness, suggesting that experiencing less fear regarding engaging in happiness ‐related beliefs increases levels of motivation for achieving desired goals (agency) and perceived capacity to produce the means towards achieving life goals (pathways) which in turn increase levels of flourishing. The implications of these findings are further discussed. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hacer Belen, Murat Yildirim, Furkan S. Belen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

A systematic narrative review of psychological literacy measurement
ConclusionLongitudinal studies are needed to avoid confounds of age and skill development prior to university. The definition used in most studies requires interpretation as it contains broad attribute descriptions. psychological literacy needs a more concise definition to standardise assessment. Varied conceptualisation and operationalisation suggest a construct validity assessment is needed. As psychological literacy is understood in diverse ways in the literature, there is a need to know what psychology educators understand about the term and how it is applied in curricula. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Samantha J. Newell, Anna Chur ‐Hansen, Peter Strelan Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Influence of fear of happiness on flourishing: Mediator roles of hope agency and hope pathways
ConclusionOverall, our results offered support for the link between hope and fear of happiness, suggesting that experiencing less fear regarding engaging in happiness ‐related beliefs increases levels of motivation for achieving desired goals (agency) and perceived capacity to produce the means towards achieving life goals (pathways) which in turn increase levels of flourishing. The implications of these findings are further discussed. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hacer Belen, Murat Yildirim, Furkan S. Belen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

A systematic narrative review of psychological literacy measurement
ConclusionLongitudinal studies are needed to avoid confounds of age and skill development prior to university. The definition used in most studies requires interpretation as it contains broad attribute descriptions. psychological literacy needs a more concise definition to standardise assessment. Varied conceptualisation and operationalisation suggest a construct validity assessment is needed. As psychological literacy is understood in diverse ways in the literature, there is a need to know what psychology educators understand about the term and how it is applied in curricula. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Samantha J. Newell, Anna Chur ‐Hansen, Peter Strelan Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

A qualitative exploration of motives of suicide attempts among Iranian women
ConclusionsAs the results of our study revealed that family and gender structures play integral roles in motives of suicide attempts, future research among Iranian men is suggested. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - November 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mahmoud Keyvanara, Seyed Ghafour Mousavi, Zahra Khayyer, Leonard Ngaosuvan Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

How to operationalise consciousness
ConclusionConsciousness is a multi ‐faceted phenomenon and requires a variety of operationalisations to be studied. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - November 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Glenn Carruthers, Sidney Carls ‐Diamante, Linus Huang, Melanie Rosen, Elizabeth Schier Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE Source Type: research

Issue Information
Australian Journal of Psychology, Volume 71, Issue 4, Page 323-324, December 2019. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - November 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

How to operationalise consciousness
ConclusionConsciousness is a multi ‐faceted phenomenon and requires a variety of operationalisations to be studied. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - November 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Glenn Carruthers, Sidney Carls ‐Diamante, Linus Huang, Melanie Rosen, Elizabeth Schier Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE Source Type: research

Issue Information
Australian Journal of Psychology, Volume 71, Issue 4, Page 323-324, December 2019. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - November 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Investigating stable and dynamic aspects of student motivation using generalizability theory
ConclusionsThe total AMS is suitable as a reliable measurement of motivation among student populations with high generalizability of scores across students and assessment occasions. Measuring trait motivation using the total AMS score instead of subscale scores reduces measurement error and optimises instrument reliability. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - November 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mataroria P. Lyndon, Oleg N. Medvedev, Yan Chen, Marcus A. Henning Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The impact of construal level on happiness, hope, optimism, life satisfaction, and love of life: A longitudinal and experimental study
This study sought to identify the impact of the construal level of people's perception on selected positive psychology factors: happiness, hope, optimism, satisfaction with life and love of life. The experimental design of the study was based on pre ‐post measures for four groups, including three experimental groups and one control group. The sample consisted of students from the University of Kuwait studying in several colleges (276 participants; 65 males and 211 females). The study posited that using two construal levels of people's percept ion concurrently (low/high) would result in a greater impact on the selected po...
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - November 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Abdulrahman A. Alfalah, Soud A. Alganem Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Reviews: An introduction
Australian Journal of Psychology, EarlyView. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - October 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nigel W. Bond Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE Source Type: research

Correlates of sport ‐related concussion in male junior rugby union: A concurrent analysis of biopsychosocial factors
ConclusionsThe concurrent assessment of biopsychosocial factors associated with SRC presents the opportunity for a comprehensive analysis of the injury context. The findings from this study suggest that SRC in junior rugby cannot be predicted using individual variables. Future research directions are discussed. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Amanda Clacy, Rachael Sharman, Geoff P. Lovell Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Individual differences in experience after a control task: Boredom proneness, curiosity, and grit correlate with emotion
ConclusionThe present study found that even following a control task intended to be emotionally neutral, emotional experience differs and personality can paint the way we perceive and thus react to these control conditions. These findings highlight the importance of considering the neutrality of control tasks and the effects of personality on control tasks in emotion research. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - October 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Billy Sung, Jennifer Yih, Nicholas J. Wilson Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Validation of the Australian beverage picture set: A controlled picture set for cognitive bias measurement and modification paradigms
ConclusionsThe OzBPS is a valid image set that will facilitate future research into cognitive correlates of drinking behaviour. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - October 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sandersan Onie, Sharon Gong, Elizabeth Manwaring, Dayanna Grageda, Kyra Webb, Wing See Yuen, Steven B. Most Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Protection motivation theory and pro ‐environmental behaviour: A systematic mapping review
ConclusionFuture research should consider employing experimental designs with proper manipulation checks and longitudinal focus, as well as consistent definitions and operationalisations of relevant concepts, and exploring these constructs across different countries. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - September 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Emily J. Kothe, Mathew Ling, Madelon North, Anna Klas, Barbara A. Mullan, Lisa Novoradovskaya Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE Source Type: research

A review of attachment ‐based parenting interventions: Recent advances and future considerations
AbstractResearch evidence has shown that in childhood, a secure attachment to a reliable caregiver is important for future mental health and well ‐being. The theoretical and research basis for attachment theory continues to grow. As attachment theory has become more widely adopted there are challenges and opportunities both theoretically and in terms of its clinical use. Disordered attachment has been linked to psychopathology including int ernalising and externalising disorders. However, there are ongoing implications for researchers and clinicians as only the most extreme forms of attachment disorders are included in t...
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - September 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mary Gregory, Lee Kannis ‐Dymand, Rachael Sharman Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Factors differentiating adolescents who consider suicide and those who attempt: Results from a National Survey of Australian Adolescents
ConclusionsRisk assessments and interventions for suicide may benefit from taking into account interpersonal and behavioural difficulties an adolescent may have. Future research is needed to further understand what drives the transition from suicidal thoughts to suicide attempts. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - September 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Michael J. Kyron, Phoebe Carrington ‐Jones, Andrew C. Page, Jennifer Bartlett, David Lawrence Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Dispositional mindfulness and mental health in Hong Kong college students: The mediating roles of decentering and self ‐acceptance
ConclusionThis research shed light upon the mechanism underlying mindfulness and mental health among college students and highlighted the needs to consider the important roles of self ‐acceptance and decentering in the effect of mindfulness when predicting college students' mental health. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ying Ma, Angela Fung ‐ying Siu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The effect of mindfulness ‐based stress reduction on body image concerns of adolescent girls with dysfunctional eating attitudes
AbstractObjectiveIn order to face the gain weight stress during puberty, adolescents often adopt an improper approach to eating which might lead to ineffective nutritional attitudes. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of Mindfulness ‐Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) intervention on the body image concerns of adolescent girls with dysfunctional eating attitudes.MethodFor this purpose, an experimental design with pre ‐test, post‐test, control group, and follow‐up was used. The population included 200 high school girls of Isfahan, Iran, from whom a sample of 30 students was s...
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - August 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Parya Khoshkerdar, Zohreh Raeisi Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Differential media effects on male body satisfaction and mood
ConclusionOur findings suggest that televised depictions may be particularly detrimental to men's body image, which may be due to increased social comparison processes. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - August 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Andrew Allen, Kate E. Mulgrew Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
Australian Journal of Psychology, Volume 71, Issue 3, Page 201-202, September 2019. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - August 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Differential media effects on male body satisfaction and mood
ConclusionOur findings suggest that televised depictions may be particularly detrimental to men's body image, which may be due to increased social comparison processes. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - August 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Andrew Allen, Kate E. Mulgrew Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Empathy and psychopathic traits as predictors of selection into business or psychology disciplines
ConclusionsFindings highlight specific personality trait differences present between newly enrolled business and psychology students and the importance of these pre ‐existing differences in student vocational decision‐making. It is anticipated that findings may assist vocational and career counsellors in guiding prospective students in the direction of a vocational pathway that is best suited to their personality, as this is likely to result in increased st udent satisfaction and self‐esteem whilst reducing student attrition. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - July 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Verity Litten, Lynne D. Roberts, Richard K. Ladyshewsky, Emily Castell, Robert Kane Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Use and predictors of health services among Australian children with mental health problems: A national prospective study
ConclusionIn the first prospective, objective analysis, most children do not receive mental health services. (Source: Australian Journal of Psychology)
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - June 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Harriet Hiscock, Melissa Mulraney, Daryl Efron, Gary Freed, David Coghill, Emma Sciberras, Hayley Warren, Michael Sawyer Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research