Now more than ever.
PMID: 29205676 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - December 1, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Robinson P, Daly J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The following reviewers generously gave their time and expertise to provide reviews during 2017. The * denotes reviewers who provided multiple reviews or other exceptional assistance.
Authors: PMID: 29205677 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - December 1, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A novel public health threat - high lead solder in stainless steel rainwater tanks in Tasmania.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: We identified two water tanks in Tasmania with water lead concentrations exceeding the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines (ADWG) limit; they had been constructed with stainless steel and high-lead solder from a single manufacturer. An investigation was initiated to identify all tanks constructed by this manufacturer and prevent further exposure to contaminated water. METHODS: To identify water tanks we used sales accounts, blood and water lead results from laboratories, and media. We analysed blood and water lead concentration results from laboratories and conducted a nested cohort study...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lodo K, Dalgleish C, Patel M, Veitch M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Many encephalitis cases still a medical mystery.
PMID: 29165851 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gubala A, Warrilow D Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Physical activity coaching by Australian Exercise Physiologists is cost effective for patients referred from general practice.
CONCLUSION: Coaching achieved a modest increase in activity equivalent to 10 minutes walking per day, at a cost of AUD$245 per person. Face-to-face and telephone counselling were both effective. Implication for public health: Persistence of increases nine months after the end of coaching suggests it creates long-term change and is a good value health intervention. PMID: 29165855 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ewald B, Stacey F, Johnson N, Plotnikoff RC, Holliday E, Brown W, James EL Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Rehabilitation and convalescent hospital stay in New South Wales: an analysis of 3,979 women aged 75.
CONCLUSIONS: Area of residence is the determining factor for rehabilitation or convalescence hospital admissions. These long stay admissions are not necessarily inappropriate, but due to a lack of other non-acute care options. Implications for public health: Increased availability of rehabilitation and respite care in non-acute settings will not only improve older patient care, but will also reduce the burden on acute hospitals. PMID: 29165860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Chojenta C, Byles J, Nair BK Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

An Australian hospital's training program and referral pathway within a multi-disciplinary health-justice partnership addressing family violence.
CONCLUSION: The program built capacity and willingness of health professionals to identify signs of, and respond to, family violence. Increase in referral rates to legal assistance was not shown. Potential improvements include better data capture and greater availability of legal services. Implications for public health: Strong hospital system supports and reliable recording of family violence referrals need to be in place before introducing such partnerships to other hospitals. PMID: 29165864 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Forsdike K, Humphreys C, Diemer K, Ross S, Gyorki L, Maher H, Vye P, Llewelyn F, Hegarty K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

High rates of hospitalised burn injury in Indigenous children living in remote areas: a population data linkage study.
m L PMID: 29165893 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Möller H, Falster K, Ivers R, Clapham K, Harvey L, Jorm L Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Association between adolescents' consumption of total and different types of sugar-sweetened beverages with oral health impacts and weight status.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between adolescents' intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with oral health impacts (OHI) and weight status. METHODS: Cross-sectional health survey with anthropometry and self-report OHI (toothache and avoiding some foods because of oral problems) and SSB intake (fruit juice, flavoured water, soft, diet, sports and energy drinks) collected in 2015. RESULTS: A total of 3,671 adolescents participated (50% girls; mean age 13.2 years ±1.7). Drinking ≥1cup/day of SSBs was consistently associated with higher odds of OHI compared with drinking
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hardy LL, Bell J, Bauman A, Mihrshahi S Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Multiplicity of skin cancers in Queensland and their cost burden to government and patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Individuals who are multiply affected by skin cancers are relatively common and the accompanying individual and government cost burden can be substantial. These findings support skin cancer being classified as a chronic disease. Implications for public health: Over time, the economic burden for skin cancer for individuals and health providers is high and investment in prevention remains important from an economic viewpoint. PMID: 29168287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gordon LG, Elliott TM, Olsen CM, Pandeya N, Whiteman DC Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Aboriginal children and penicillin injections for rheumatic fever: how much of a problem is injection pain?
CONCLUSION: Repeated painful procedures in children necessitate well-planned and child-focused care. Current practices are not in line with guidance from the Royal Australasian College of Physicians about effects of repeated painful procedures on children. Initiating the long-term injection regimen for rheumatic fever is a special event requiring expert input. A newly reported finding of a subset of young people feeling unwell after receiving the injection requires further investigation. Implications for public health: Improvement of local and jurisdictional guidelines on use of pain reduction measures for children who hav...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mitchell AG, Belton S, Johnston V, Read C, Scrine C, Ralph AP Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Improving New Zealand's preparations for the next pandemic.
PMID: 29168306 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Scott J, Wilson N, Baker MG Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Hepatitis C virus prevalence and associated risk factors among Indigenous Australians who inject drugs.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among a national sample of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people who inject drugs (PWID) in Australia. METHODS: Respondents were recruited from Australia's Needle Syringe Program Survey; an annual bio-behavioural surveillance project that monitors HCV antibody prevalence among PWID. Data from 2006-2015 were de-duplicated to retain only one record where individuals participated in>1 survey round. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression examined demographic characteristics and injection-related behaviours associa...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Doyle M, Maher L, Graham S, Wand H, Iversen J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Disability-based discrimination and health: findings from an Australian-based population study.
CONCLUSION: Disability-based discrimination is a prevalent, important determinant of health for Australians with disability. Implications for public health: Disability-based discrimination is an under-recognised public health problem that is likely to contribute to disability-based health inequities. Public health policy, research and practice needs to concentrate efforts on developing policy and programs that reduce discrimination experienced by Australians with disability. PMID: 29168323 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Krnjacki L, Priest N, Aitken Z, Emerson E, Llewellyn G, King T, Kavanagh A Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Public health measures for pertussis prevention and control.
PMID: 29044817 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kovitwanichkanont T Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

What do children observe and learn from televised sports betting advertisements? A qualitative study among Australian children.
CONCLUSIONS: Children had detailed recall of sports betting advertisements and an extensive knowledge of sports betting products and terminology. Implications for public health: To protect children from the potential harms associated with sports betting, governments should consider changing regulations and implementing evidence-based education campaigns to counter the positive messages children receive from the sports betting industry. PMID: 29044821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pitt H, Thomas SL, Bestman A, Daube M, Derevensky J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Implementation and evaluation of the Victorian Suicide Register.
CONCLUSION: The VSR fills an important gap in the sustained and systematic collection of comprehensive information on suicide, with some key challenges identified. Implications for public health: Findings from the evaluation provide important strategic information for national and international jurisdictions seeking to establish their own suicide registers. PMID: 29044826 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sutherland G, Milner A, Dwyer J, Bugeja L, Woodward A, Robinson J, Pirkis J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Socio-demographic factors drive regional differences in participation in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program - An ecological analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Socio-demographic characteristics, particularly Indigenous status, cultural background and population ageing, seem to be more important drivers of regional disparities in NBCSP participation than geographic remoteness. Implications for public health: This study provides important evidence to understand the regional disparities in participating in the national screening program. PMID: 29044846 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sun J, March S, Ireland MJ, Crawford-Williams F, Goodwin B, Hyde MK, Chambers SK, Aitken JF, Dunn J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Obesity-related health impacts of active transport policies in Australia - a policy review and health impact modelling study.
CONCLUSION: Effective interventions that improve rates of active transport may result in substantial healthcare-related cost savings through a decrease in conditions related to obesity. Implications for public health: Significant potential exists for effective and cost-effective interventions that result in more walking and cycling. PMID: 29044847 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Brown V, Moodie M, Cobiac L, Mantilla H, Carter R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The impact of coaches providing healthy snacks at junior sport training.
CONCLUSIONS: Coaches providing healthy snacks before sessions at sports clubs increased consumption of nutrient-dense foods at the session, and may have positively affected participants' attention/participation. Implications for public health: This study highlights how a simple intervention could improve the diet of Australian children. PMID: 29044878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Belski R, Staley K, Keenan S, Skiadopoulos A, Randle E, Donaldson A, O'Halloran P, Kappelides P, O'Neil S, Nicholson M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Surveying all public drinking water fountains in a city: outdoor field observations and Google Street View.
CONCLUSIONS: The fountains were of generally high quality, but discolouration around the nozzle was common. Implications for public health: Additional investment in public fountains may be needed. PMID: 29044895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wilson N, Signal L, Thomson G Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A comparison of dietary estimates from the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey to food and beverage purchase data.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: We compared self-reported dietary intake from the very remote sample of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (VR-NATSINPAS; n=1,363) to one year of food and beverage purchases from 20 very remote Indigenous Australian communities (servicing ∼8,500 individuals). METHODS: Differences in food (% energy from food groups) and nutrients were analysed using t-test with unequal variance. RESULTS: Per-capita energy estimates were not significantly different between the surveys (899 MJ/person/day [95% confidence interval -152,1950] p=0.09...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: McMahon E, Wycherley T, O'Dea K, Brimblecombe J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators for health professionals referring Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander tobacco smokers to the Quitline.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine the barriers and facilitators among health professionals to providing referrals to Quitline for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients who smoke. METHODS: A brief online survey, based on the Theoretical Domains Framework, was completed by 34 health professionals who work with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in South Australia and the Northern Territory. RESULTS: Respondents who frequently made referrals had higher domain scores than less frequent referrers for 'Skills and knowledge' (M=4.44 SD=0.39 vs. M=4.09 SD=0.47, p
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Martin K, Dono J, Rigney N, Rayner J, Sparrow A, Miller C, Mckivett A, O'Dea K, Roder D, Bowden J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and socio-demographic predictors of food insecurity among regional and remote Western Australian children.
CONCLUSIONS: Study findings are suggestive of the impact low income has on capacity to be food secure. The higher FI prevalence among children from families receiving financial assistance and living in medium disadvantage areas indicates more support for these families is required. Recommendations include: ensuring government plans and policies adequately support disadvantaged families; increasing employment opportunities; establishing evidence on the causes and the potential impact of FI on children's health. Implications for public health: One in five children were FI, demonstrating that FI is an issue in Western Austral...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Godrich S, Lo J, Davies C, Darby J, Devine A Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Response to 'Let's change the conversation'.
PMID: 28898471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thomas DP, Panaretto KS, Davey M, Lyons L, Borland R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Removing the Australian tax exemption on healthy food adds food stress to families vulnerable to poor nutrition.
CONCLUSION: There is food stress risk among single-parent, LI and WDI families, particularly those residing in very remote areas. Implications for public health: Expanding GST places an additional burden on people who are already vulnerable to poor nutrition and chronic disease due to their socioeconomic circumstances. PMID: 28898477 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Landrigan TJ, Kerr DA, Dhaliwal SS, Savage V, Pollard CM Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Let's change the conversation.
PMID: 28898489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Deen CR Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Inclusion of equity in economic analyses of public health policies: systematic review and future directions.
CONCLUSIONS: Using CEA techniques to generate new information about the health equity implications of alternative policy options has not been widely used, but should be considered to inform future decision making. Implications for public health: Inclusion of equity in economic analysis would facilitate a more nuanced comparison of interventions in relation to efficiency, equity and financial impact. PMID: 28898490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lal A, Moodie M, Peeters A, Carter R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Immunisation for refugees in Australia: a policy review and analysis across all States and Territories.
CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate stark differences in immunisation policy for people of refugee background across Australia. Highlighted gaps demonstrate the need to revise current policies so that they are aligned with their intended outcome of enhancing uptake of vaccines and improving immunisation coverage among resettled refugees in Australia. Implications for public health: Immunisation policy development for refugees needs to be robust enough to ensure equitable health services to this group. PMID: 28898492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mahimbo A, Seale H, Heywood AE Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Cumulative incidence of admission to permanent residential aged care for Australian women - A competing risk analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Around one-third of women will enter RAC between age 73 and 90. Living in a house had the lowest risk of entering residential aged care over time. Implications for public health: These findings have important implications for planning for aged care services, including the role of housing in delaying admission to residential aged care, and the need for residential care by a high proportion of women towards the end of life. PMID: 28898496 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Forder P, Byles J, Vo K, Curryer C, Loxton D Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Pacific Islands Families (PIF) Study: housing and psychological distress among Pacific mothers.
CONCLUSIONS: The impact of housing on mental health is complex and may be influenced by social, health and sociodemographic characteristics of Pacific mothers. Implications for public health: The finding that housing problems are significantly associated with psychological distress among Pacific mothers in New Zealand is an important finding. However, more in-depth qualitative research is needed to provide a clearer understanding of the way housing problems affect mental health and to guide strategies that minimise this outcome for Pacific mothers. PMID: 28898499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Paterson J, Iusitini L, Tautolo ES, Taylor S, Clougherty J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Using appreciative inquiry methodology to develop a weight management program for obese children in New Zealand.
CONCLUSIONS: An appreciative inquiry approach to obesity research can uncover resiliency factors within families that can be applied to obesity prevention and treatment programs. Implications for public health: Appreciative inquiry methodology is a promising alternative qualitative research strategy for developing health interventions for low-income ethnic minority communities. PMID: 28898503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Teevale T, Kaholokula JK Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

What do we know about the diets of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia? A systematic literature review.
CONCLUSIONS: While differences between studies and study quality limit the generalisability of the findings, most studies suggest that the diets of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are inadequate. Implications for public health: A more concerted approach to understanding dietary patterns of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is required to inform policy and practice to improve diet and nutrition. PMID: 28898509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Whalan S, Farnbach S, Volk L, Gwynn J, Lock M, Trieu K, Brimblecombe J, Webster J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitudes and opinions towards measles and the MMR vaccine across two NSW cohorts.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Although the number of national measles cases has greatly decreased since 1980s, there has been resurgence in disease incidence in recent years. While parental knowledge and attitudes toward both disease and vaccinations are known to influence vaccine uptake, the contribution of these factors toward vaccination rates in NSW populations has not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and opinions on measles and MMR vaccine in NSW Central and North Coast regions. METHODS: Parents (n=201) of children
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Brieger D, Edwards M, Mudgil P, Whitehall J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents; findings from the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey.
CONCLUSION: Skipping breakfast was common among Australian adolescents but few consistently skipped. Implications for public health: Interventions to increase breakfast should target adolescents, particularly girls, and low SEP households. PMID: 28898562 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Smith KJ, Breslin MC, McNaughton SA, Gall SL, Blizzard L, Venn AJ Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Petrichor.
PMID: 28762610 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - August 1, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Robinson P Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Indigenous health program evaluation design and methods in Australia: a systematic review of the evidence.
CONCLUSIONS: Given the number of Indigenous health programs that are implemented, few evaluations overall are published in the peer-reviewed literature and, of these, few use optimal methodologies such as mixed methods and experimental design. Implications for public health: Multiple strategies are required to increase high-quality, accessible evaluation in Indigenous health, including supporting stronger research-policy-practice partnerships and capacity building for evaluation by health services and government. PMID: 28749539 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lokuge K, Thurber K, Calabria B, Davis M, McMahon K, Sartor L, Lovett R, Guthrie J, Banks E Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Declining prevalence of undiagnosed HIV in Melbourne: results from community-based bio-behavioural studies of gay and bisexual men.
olt M Abstract OBJECTIVE: To measure changes in undiagnosed HIV among gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Melbourne. METHODS: Undiagnosed HIV was compared between GBM recruited anonymously in 2008 in gay venues only and GBM anonymously or confidentially (results delivery) recruited in 2014 at gay venues and a community festival. Surveys were completed and oral fluid specimens collected for HIV testing; positive tests among GBM reporting being HIV-negative or unknown/untested were classified as undiagnosed. Tests of proportions compared serological prevalence, undiagnosed prevalence and participant characteristics. ...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Stoové M, Asselin J, Pedrana A, Lea T, Hellard M, Wilson D, Prestage G, de Wit J, Holt M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Wi-Fi radiation exposures to children in kindergartens and schools - results should lessen parental concerns.
PMID: 28749542 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bhatt CR, Abramson MJ, Benke G Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in prevalence of leisure time physical activity and inactivity: results from Australian National Health Surveys 1989 to 2011.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in leisure time physical activity and inactivity in Australians aged 15 years or older from 1989 to 2011. METHOD: We used data from six Australian National Health Surveys conducted from 1989/90 to 2011/12 in which physical activity was assessed using comparable questions. Analyses examined trends in the prevalence of sufficient physical activity (≥150 minutes/week moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) and of inactivity (
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Chau J, Chey T, Burks-Young S, Engelen L, Bauman A Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

School-based systems change for obesity prevention in adolescents: outcomes of the Australian Capital Territory 'It's Your Move!'
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The Australian Capital Territory 'It's Your Move!' (ACT-IYM) was a three-year (2012-2014) systems intervention to prevent obesity among adolescents. METHODS: The ACT-IYM project involved three intervention schools and three comparison schools and targeted secondary students aged 12-16 years. The intervention consisted of multiple initiatives at individual, community, and school policy level to support healthier nutrition and physical activity. Intervention school-specific objectives related to increasing active transport, increasing time spent physically active at school, and supporting me...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Malakellis M, Hoare E, Sanigorski A, Crooks N, Allender S, Nichols M, Swinburn B, Chikwendu C, Kelly PM, Petersen S, Millar L Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The facilitators and barriers of physical activity among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander regional sport participants.
CONCLUSION: Findings describe individual and external factors that promote or constraint PA as reported by Indigenous Australian adults. Results indicate that Indigenous people face specific barriers to PA when compared to a non-Indigenous sample. Implications for public health: This study is the first to compare the perspective of Indigenous Australians to a matched group of non-Indigenous Australians and provides useful knowledge to develop public health programs based on culturally sensitive data. PMID: 28749566 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Péloquin C, Doering T, Alley S, Rebar A Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Experts' views regarding Australian school-leavers' knowledge of nutrition and food systems.
CONCLUSION: Study findings identified key problems relating to current school-based N&FS education programs in Australia and reported knowledge gaps in relation to N&FS among Australian school-leavers. IMPLICATIONS: These findings provide important guidance for N&FS curriculum development, to clearly articulate broadly-based N&FS knowledge acquisition in curriculum policy and education documents for Australian schools. PMID: 28749568 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sadegholvad S, Yeatman H, Parrish AM, Worsley A Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Is Zika virus a potential threat to the Australian Blood Supply?
PMID: 28749569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Watson-Brown P, Viennet E, Hoad VC, Flower RLP, Faddy HM Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

New Zealand adolescents' discouragement of smoking among their peers.
CONCLUSIONS: The results highlight the positive impact that young people can have on discouraging smoking among their peers. Implications for public health: The findings of this study point to encouraging and training young people as 'agents of change' to spread the smokefree message. PMID: 28749572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Marsh L, Iosua E, McGee R, White J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A descriptive study of intentional self-poisoning from New Zealand national registry data.
CONCLUSIONS: The current format of MOH data indicates that developing interventions to help young people and those living in deprived areas may be useful. Finding specific solutions is challenging when only limited nationwide substance-specific poisoning information is available. Implications for public health: Including specific substances in national data collections is important for addressing the public health challenge of intentional overdose morbidity and mortality. PMID: 28749578 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kumpula EK, Nada-Raja S, Norris P, Quigley P Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Regional survey supports national initiative for 'water-only' schools in New Zealand.
CONCLUSIONS: The survey elicited a range of views on 'water-only' policies for schools, but suggests that 'water-only' may be an emerging norm for schools. Implications for public health: Our survey shows how local assessment can support a national initiative by providing a baseline, identifying schools that want support, and sharing lessons. Making schools 'water-only' could be a first step in changing our children's environment to prevent obesity. PMID: 28749587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mansoor OD, Ali R, Richards R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The Marulu Strategy 2008-2012: overcoming Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in the Fitzroy Valley.
CONCLUSIONS: Community control of public health initiatives can be achieved when Aboriginal communities prioritise issues of significant concern, and engage strategic partners to overcome them. Implications for public health: The Marulu Strategy forms a template for action to address FASD and other public health issues in Aboriginal communities in Australia and internationally. PMID: 28749590 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fitzpatrick JP, Oscar J, Carter M, Elliott EJ, Latimer J, Wright E, Boulton J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Free smoking cessation mobile apps available in Australia: a quality review and content analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: In lieu of more substantial research in this area, it is suggested that the high-quality apps identified in this review may be more likely than other available apps to encourage smoking cessation. Implications for public health: Smoking cessation apps have the potential to address many barriers that prevent smoking cessation support being provided; however few high-quality smoking cessation apps are currently available in Australia, very few have been evaluated and the app market is extremely volatile. More research to evaluate smoking cessation apps, and sustained funding for evidence-based apps, is needed. ...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thornton L, Quinn C, Birrell L, Guillaumier A, Shaw B, Forbes E, Deady M, Kay-Lambkin F Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A simulation of dementia epidemiology and resource use in Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: This simulation provides useful estimates of future demands on dementia-related services allowing the exploration of the effects of capacity constraints. Implications for public health: The model demonstrates that under-resourcing of residential aged care may lead to inappropriate and inefficient use of hospital resources. To avoid these capacity constraints it is predicted that the number of aged care beds for persons with dementia will need to increase more than threefold from 2011 to 2050. PMID: 28749604 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Standfield LB, Comans T, Scuffham P Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research