The real divide: the use of algorithm-derived Indigenous status to measure disparities in sudden unexpected deaths in infancy in Queensland.
CONCLUSIONS: Applying an algorithm to both numerator and denominator data reduced numerator-denominator incompatibility, to more accurately report rates of Indigenous SUDI and measure the gap in Indigenous infant mortality. Implications for public health: Estimation of the true magnitude of the disparity is restricted by under-identification of Indigenous status in death records. Data linkage improved the reporting of Indigenous infant mortality. Accuracy in reporting of measures is integral to determining genuine progress towards Closing the Gap. PMID: 31667984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian ...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shipstone RA, Young J, Thompson JMD Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Public Health in an Open Society: how society and language shape prevention: Gordon Oration, Public Health Prevention Conference, 2019 Delivered in Melbourne on Wednesday 12 June, 2019.
PMID: 31617638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Weeramanthri T Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with adverse outcomes during influenza outbreaks in aged care facilities.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore factors associated with adverse outcomes during influenza outbreaks in residential aged care facilities. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all outbreaks reported to three Sydney metropolitan Public Health Units during 2017. RESULTS: A total of 123 outbreaks affected 1,787 residents and 543 staff. Early notification to a Public Health Unit was associated with shorter outbreak duration (p
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tennant E, Fletcher S, Kakar S, Najjar Z, Lord H, Clark P, Gupta L Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Hospital characteristics, rather than surgical volume, predict length of stay following colorectal cancer surgery.
CONCLUSION: No evidence was found that higher annual surgery volume was associated with lower LOS for patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery. Our model showed strong evidence that differences in LOS efficiency between hospitals was driven by hospital contextual effects that were not predicted by provider volume. Further study is required to elucidate these inherent differences between hospitals. Implications for public health: Our model indicated improved efficiency would benefit the patient and medical system by lowering LOS and reducing expenditure by more than $3 million per year. PMID: 31617657 [PubMed - as...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vicendese D, Marvelde LT, McNair PD, Whitfield K, English DR, Taieb SB, Hyndman RJ, Thomas R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

What isn't measured isn't done - eight years with no progress in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adult influenza and pneumococcal vaccination.
CONCLUSIONS: Indigenous adult vaccination coverage for influenza and pneumococcal disease remains unacceptably low. Between 2004-05 and 2012-13, declines occurred in pneumococcal vaccination coverage across all age groups ≥18 years. Despite national funding of influenza vaccine in 2010, there was no increase in influenza coverage, except for the 18-49-year age group. Implications for public health: Current approaches to promote, deliver and monitor vaccination of Indigenous adults are inadequate. PMID: 31617660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Webster F, Gidding H, Matthews V, Taylor R, Menzies R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Anti-smoking advertisements are perceived differently by smokers and individuals with health or advertising knowledge.
CONCLUSIONS: Smokers and experts perceived the characteristics of anti-smoking advertisements differently. Implications for public health: Differences between smokers and experts may need to be taken into account where studies use either of these groups to code advertisements for campaign development or evaluation purposes. PMID: 31617670 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lizama N, Slevin T, Pettigrew S Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Discretionary food advertising on television in 2017: a descriptive study.
CONCLUSIONS: Children continue to be exposed to food advertising. Implications for public health: Voluntary food and grocery industry codes have not prevented children from being exposed to discretionary food advertising on television. From June 2019, all food and beverage advertising is subject to either food industry or advertising industry codes. The data presented here will form the baseline for future evaluation of whether the new arrangements reduce children's exposure to food advertising. PMID: 31617675 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Smithers LG, Wang X, Haag D, Agnew B, Lynch J, Sorell M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Case study of a decolonising Aboriginal community controlled comprehensive primary health care response to alcohol-related harm.
CONCLUSIONS: This case study provides an example of implementation of the full continuum of comprehensive primary health care activities. It shows how community control can challenge colonialism and ongoing power imbalances to promote evidence-based policy and practice that support self-determination as a positive determinant for health. Implications for public health: Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services are a good model for comprehensive primary health care approaches to alcohol control. PMID: 31577862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Freeman T, Baum F, Mackean T, Ziersch A, Sherwood J, Edwards T, Boffa J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Predictors of young people's healthcare access in the digital age.
CONCLUSIONS: Barriers to healthcare reported by young people are multi-dimensional and have changed over time. Structural barriers, especially cost, are the most prominent among young people. Approaches to overcome structural barriers need to be addressed to better support marginalised young people's healthcare access. Implications for public health: Understanding predictors of different barrier types can inform more targeted approaches to improving access. Equitable access to healthcare is a priority for early diagnosis and treatment in young people, especially reducing out of pocket costs. PMID: 31577863 [PubMed - a...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Robards F, Kang M, Luscombe G, Sanci L, Steinbeck K, Jan S, Hawke C, Kong M, Usherwood T Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiology of sepsis in cancer patients in Victoria, Australia: a population-based study using linked data.
CONCLUSIONS: Sepsis in patients with cancer has high mortality and occurs most frequently in the first year after cancer diagnosis. Implications for public health: The number of cancer patients diagnosed with sepsis is expected to increase, causing a substantial burden on patients and the healthcare system. PMID: 31535416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Te Marvelde L, Whitfield A, Shepheard J, Read C, Milne RL, Whitfield K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers to vaccination service delivery within general practice: opportunity to make a sustainable difference in Aboriginal child health?
CONCLUSION: Inadequate awareness of the current rates, in association with a lack of cultural safety training, follow-up and opportunistic practice, may be preventing greater vaccination uptake in Aboriginal children in Perth. Cultural safety is a critical component of the acceptability and accessibility of services; lack of awareness may restrict the development of strategies designed to equitably address low coverage. IMPLICATIONS: The findings of this study provide an opportunity to raise awareness among clinicians in general practice and inform future strategies to equitably deliver targeted vaccination services t...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Carman R, Andrew L, Devine A, Oosthuizen J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Process trumps potential public good: better vaccine safety through linked cross-jurisdictional immunisation data in Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: Integration of immunisation registers with other data collections is achievable in Australia but infeasible for routine and rapid identification of vaccine safety concerns. Lengthy authorisation requirements, convoluted disparate application processes and inconsistencies in data supplied all contribute to delayed data availability. Implications for public health: Delayed data access for safety surveillance prevents timely epidemiological reviews. Poor responsiveness to safety concerns may erode public confidence, compromising effectiveness of vaccination programs through reduced participation. PMID: 31535...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Duszynski KM, Pratt NL, Lynch JW, Braunack-Mayer A, Taylor LK, Berry JG, Xafis V, Buttery J, Gold MS, Vaccine Assessment Using Linked Data (VALiD) Working Group Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The health impacts of waste incineration: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Older incinerator technology and infrequent maintenance schedules have been strongly linked with adverse health effects. More recent incinerators have fewer reported ill effects, perhaps because of inadequate time for adverse effects to emerge. A precautionary approach is required. Waste minimisation is essential. Implications for public health: Public health practitioners can offer clearer advice about adverse health effects from incinerators. We suggest improved research design and methods to make future studies more robust and comparable. We offer ideas for better policy and regulation. PMID: 31535434 [...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tait PW, Brew J, Che A, Costanzo A, Danyluk A, Davis M, Khalaf A, McMahon K, Watson A, Rowcliff K, Bowles D Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Public health job advertisements in Australia and New Zealand: a changing landscape.
CONCLUSIONS: There is not one specific public health job. Instead, such jobs are diverse in role, sector, qualification level required and the salary they confer. Implications for public health: There is a demand for skilled workers to perform increasingly complex public health functions, but this may eventually be outpaced by graduate supply. Furthermore, while salaries are considerable, long-term positions are not, and this has implications for the sustainability of the public health workforce. PMID: 31535436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Watts RD, Bowles DC, Fisher C, Li IW Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiology of chronic hepatitis B and C in Victoria, Australia: insights and impacts from enhanced surveillance.
CONCLUSIONS: Improved data completeness highlighted the underlying epidemiology of chronic viral hepatitis, demonstrating the increased burden of infection among specific priority populations. Implications for public health: Enhanced surveillance provides greater insight into the epidemiology of chronic viral hepatitis, identifying groups at risk and opportunities for public health action. PMID: 31535439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - September 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: MacLachlan JH, Romero N, Higgins N, Coutts R, Chan R, Stephens N, Cowie BC Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The economic cost of preventable disease in Australia: a systematic review of estimates and methods.
CONCLUSIONS: Substantial economic burden is caused by lifestyle-related risk factors. Implications for public health: The significant economic burden associated with preventable disease provides an economic rationale for action to reduce the prevalence of lifestyle-related risk factors. New analysis of the economic burden of multiple risk factors concurrently is needed. PMID: 31390112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Crosland P, Ananthapavan J, Davison J, Lambert M, Carter R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The research commercialisation agenda: a concerning development for public health research.
PMID: 31390120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wardle JL, Baum FE, Fisher M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Parental opinions about the responsibility for assessing children's weight status - a survey of Rockhampton parents.
CONCLUSIONS: Parents must be better supported in identifying and addressing their child's obesity. Health professionals should use contact with families to provide education on the benefits of early identification of overweight and the steps involved in weight status assessment, and to undertake this check, offer advice and refer families to weight management services. Implications for public health: Increased awareness of parental opinions about the responsibility for assessing children's weight status may lead to change in health professionals' practice and improved health services for the identification and means of add...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Davidson K, Vidgen H, Denney-Wilson E Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Country of birth differences in lifestyle-related chronic disease among middle-aged and older adults of Lebanese ethnicity.
CONCLUSIONS: Country of birth differences in health exist among those of Lebanese ethnicity. Implications for public health: Country of birth is an important factor that could assist in explaining differences in health among ethnic groups of the same origin. PMID: 31339603 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: El Masri A, Kolt GS, George ES Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A follow-up of sunscreen use and sun-protection practices in Darwin: a cross-sectional survey.
PMID: 31339610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ma JHY, Chatfield MD, Campbell K, Tilakaratne D Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Limited progress in closing the mortality gap for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians of the Northern Territory.
CONCLUSIONS: Although Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander life expectancy has increased in the long run, the gap with all-Australian life expectancy has not narrowed. The gap in under-five mortality rates is much lower than it was in the 1960s and 1970s, but progress has been limited over the past decade. Implications for public health: The 'Closing the Gap' target of halving the gap in under-five mortality by 2018 will not be met in the Northern Territory, and there is no evidence yet of progress on the target to eliminate the gap in life expectancy by 2031. PMID: 31339611 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Sourc...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wilson T, Zhao Y, Condon J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Challenges for sport organisations developing and delivering non-traditional social sport products for insufficiently active populations.
CONCLUSIONS: Key ingredients to successfully developing and delivering non-traditional sport opportunities for insufficiently active populations are: recruiting appropriate product deliverers; building the capacity of delivery organisations and systems; and developing products relevant to the delivery context that align with the needs and characteristics of the target population. Implications for public health: A system-wide response is required to address the challenges associated with sport organisations developing, scaling and delivering innovative social sport products for insufficiently active populations. PMID: ...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Staley K, Donaldson A, Randle E, Nicholson M, O'Halloran P, Nelson R, Cameron M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Traffic pollution near childcare centres in Melbourne.
PMID: 31339618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Walter C, Schneider-Futschik E, Irving L Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The important role of charity in the welfare system for those who are food insecure.
PMID: 31287925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: McKay FH, Lindberg R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Unhealthy sport sponsorship at the 2017 AFL Grand Final: a case study of its frequency, duration and nature.
CONCLUSIONS: The 2017 AFL Grand Final broadcast featured a high frequency and extensive duration of unhealthy marketing, especially for unhealthy food and sugary drink brands. Implications for public health: Findings strengthen evidence supporting calls to increase regulation of sport sponsorship by unhealthy brands. PMID: 31287936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nuss T, Scully M, Wakefield M, Dixon H Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Listen, understand, collaborate: developing innovative strategies to improve health service utilisation by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men.
PMID: 31287939 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Canuto K, Harfield S, Wittert G, Brown A Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Migrants and disability following injury: findings from a prospective study in New Zealand.
CONCLUSIONS: Disability was persistent for migrants and non-migrants to 24 months post-injury. The disability risk at three months was higher for migrants. Certain predictors associated with disability were identified. Implications for public health: Despite having accessed healthcare services for their injury, migrants (compared with non-migrants) had higher risks of disability at least in the first three months post-injury. Interventions should be focused during this critical period on identified key predictors to promote faster recovery and reduce disability. PMID: 31287940 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Sour...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Baker W, Samaranayaka A, Wyeth E, Ameratunga S, Derrett S Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Characteristics of recently arrived Asian men who have sex with men diagnosed with HIV through sexual health services in Melbourne and Sydney.
This study compared the characteristics of these two groups. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study of MSM diagnosed with HIV between January 2014 and October 2017 in Melbourne and Sydney public sexual health clinics. Asian MSM were those who had arrived in Australia within 4 years of diagnosis. RESULTS: Among 111 Asian men, 75% spoke a language other than English, 88% did not have Medicare and 61% were international students. Compared with Australian men (n=209), Asian men reported fewer male sexual partners within 12 months (median 4 versus 10, p
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Blackshaw LCD, Chow EPF, Varma R, Healey L, Templeton DJ, Basu A, Turner D, Medland NA, Rix S, Fairley CK, Chen MY Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Testing the effectiveness of a general practice intervention to improve uptake of colorectal cancer screening: a randomised controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: A multicomponent intervention delivered in general practice significantly increased self-reported FOBT uptake in those at average risk of CRC. Implications for public health: General practice interventions could serve as an important adjunct to the Australian National Bowel Cancer Screening Program to boost plateauing screening rates. PMID: 31268211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dodd N, Carey M, Mansfield E, Oldmeadow C, Evans TJ Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Participant profile and impacts of an Aboriginal healthy lifestyle and weight loss challenge over four years 2012-2015.
CONCLUSION: The KHC has increasing and sustained appeal among Aboriginal communities, attracting those at risk from lifestyle-associated chronic disease and effectively reducing weight and promoting healthy lifestyles in the short term. Implications for public health: Community-led programs generated by, and responsive to, Aboriginal Australians' needs can demonstrate consistent community reach and sustained program-level lifestyle improvements. PMID: 31268219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Grunseit AC, Bohn-Goldbaum E, Crane M, Milat A, Cashmore A, Fonua R, Gow A, Havrlant R, Reid K, Hennessey K, Firth W, Bauman A Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

How do health practitioners in a large Australian public hospital identify and respond to reproductive abuse? A qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: Practitioners relied on intuition developed through experience to identify reproductive abuse. Once identified, most practitioners described a woman-led response promoting safety; however, there were inconsistencies in how this was enacted across different professions. Lack of clarity around the level of response required was also a barrier. Implications for public health: Our findings highlight the pressing need for evidence-based guidelines for health practitioners and a 'best practice' model specific to reproductive abuse. PMID: 31268221 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Z...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tarzia L, Wellington M, Marino J, Hegarty K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

New and old hotspots for rickettsial spotted fever acquired in Tasmania, 2012-2017.
CONCLUSIONS: This study extends our knowledge of the epidemiology of rickettsial disease in Tasmania. This is the first account including confirmed cases acquired in the Midlands of Tasmania. Implications for public health: Increased knowledge and awareness of epidemiology of rickettsial infection in Tasmania is essential for timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment. These findings bear wider relevance outside Tasmania because visitors may also be at risk. PMID: 31268225 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Willis G, Lodo K, McGregor A, Howes F, Williams S, Veitch M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Breast screening attendance of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women in the Northern Territory of Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: Factors associated with fewer visits to screening were similar for both groups of women, except for language which was significant only for Indigenous women, and remoteness which was significant only for non-Indigenous women. Implications for public health: Health communication in Indigenous languages may be key in encouraging participation and retaining Indigenous women in BreastScreen; improving access for remote-living non-Indigenous women should also be addressed. PMID: 31268228 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tapia KA, Garvey G, McEntee MF, Rickard M, Lydiard L, Brennan PC Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The Public Health Association of Australia's advocacy to prevent suicide.
PMID: 31206962 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Battams S, Robards F Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor in response to "When to apply sunscreen: a consensus statement for Australia and New Zealand".
Letter to the Editor in response to "When to apply sunscreen: a consensus statement for Australia and New Zealand". Aust N Z J Public Health. 2019 Jun 10;: Authors: Baldwin L, Olsen CM, Gordon L, Green AC, Aitken J, Neale R, Whiteman D, Janda M PMID: 31180599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Baldwin L, Olsen CM, Gordon L, Green AC, Aitken J, Neale R, Whiteman D, Janda M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Who rescues who? Understanding aquatic rescues in Australia using coronial data and a survey.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine fatal drowning associated with aquatic rescues and prior self-reported experience of undertaking an aquatic rescue in Australia. METHODS: Previous aquatic rescue experience was sourced through the 2013 Queensland Computer Assisted Telephone Instrument Survey and compared to data on rescue-related fatal unintentional drowning between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2015. RESULTS: Twenty-three per cent (n=294/1291) of survey respondents had previously performed an aquatic rescue. Males (X2 =35.2; p
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Franklin RC, Peden AE, Brander RW, Leggat PA Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The frequency and magnitude of price-promoted beverages available for sale in Australian supermarkets.
CONCLUSIONS: Beverage price promotions are used extensively in Australian supermarkets, undermining efforts to promote healthy population diets. Implications for public health: Policies restricting price promotions on sugar-sweetened beverages are likely to be an important part of strategies to reduce obesity and improve population nutrition. PMID: 31180614 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Zorbas C, Gilham B, Boelsen-Robinson T, Blake MRC, Peeters A, Cameron AJ, Wu JHY, Backholer K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Two decades of surveillance data show late presentation among a diverse group of women diagnosed with HIV in Victoria, Australia.
Conclusions and implications for public health: For Victoria to reach the ambitious targets for diagnosis, treatment and viral suppression in 95% of people living with HIV, prevention programs and efforts to increase early diagnosis as well as support services must consider the epidemiology and diversity of women. PMID: 31180616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Moreira C, Boughey A, Ryan KE, Higgins N, Rotty J, West M, Hellard M, Stoové M, El-Hayek C Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Anaemia in early childhood among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children of Far North Queensland: a retrospective cohort study.
This study describes anaemia among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children of Far North Queensland. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used health information for children born between 2006 and 2010 and their mothers. We describe the incidence of early childhood anaemia and compare characteristics of children and mothers where the child had anaemia with characteristics of children and mothers where the child did not have anaemia using bivariate and multivariable analysis, by complete case (CC) and with multiple imputed (MI) data. RESULTS: Among these (n=708) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander chil...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Leonard D, Buttner P, Thompson F, Makrides M, McDermott R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Development of Australia's front-of-pack interpretative nutrition labelling Health Star Rating system: lessons for public health advocates.
CONCLUSIONS: Actions to improve nutrition are often highly contested, particularly if the desired outcome competes with commercial interests. However, by deploying a structured approach to public health advocacy it is possible to influence government despite opposition from commercial interests. Implications for public health: A shared vision and a coordinated effort by public health professionals enabled advocates to overcome undue commercial influence. PMID: 31141259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Moore M, Jones A, Pollard CM, Yeatman H Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Observed vaping and smoking in outdoor public places: piloting objective data collection for policies on outdoor vaping.
PMID: 31141267 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thomson G, Nee-Nee J, Sutherland K, Holland R, Wilson M, Wilson N Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A comparative, retrospective analysis of HIV testing among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in Melbourne, Australia.
We describe the number of tests, percentage of clients who returned during follow-up, the mean number of tests and median time between tests at the two services. RESULTS: At PRONTO!, 33% of 3,102 GBM and at MSHC 50% of 9,836 GBM returned for a further HIV test at least once. The mean number of tests per client was 1.7 and 2.5 at PRONTO! and MSHC (p
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ryan KE, Wilkinson AL, Chow E, Read T, Chen M, Locke P, Leitinger D, Bradshaw C, Pedrana A, Hellard M, Fairley CK, Stoové M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Feasibility and acceptability of opportunistic screening to detect atrial fibrillation in Aboriginal adults.
CONCLUSION: The iECG device was well accepted within ACCHSs and was feasible to use to screen for AF among Aboriginal patients. Implications for public health: The device can be used in clinical and community settings to screen Aboriginal people for atrial fibrillation to help reduce rates of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. PMID: 31141280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Macniven R, Gwynn J, Fujimoto H, Hamilton S, Thompson SC, Taylor K, Lawrence M, Finlayson H, Bolton G, Dulvari N, Wright DC, Rambaldini B, Freedman B, Gwynne K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The performance and potential of the Australasian Health Star Rating system: a four-year review using the RE-AIM framework.
CONCLUSIONS: A substantial body of work supports continuation and strengthening of HSR. Reasonable refinements to HSR's star graphic and algorithm, action to initiate mandatory implementation, and strengthened HSR governance present the clearest opportunities for improving public health impact. Implications for public health: Development and implementation of government-led front-of-pack nutrition labelling systems have the potential to improve public health, while engaging a diverse set of stakeholders. PMID: 31141289 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jones A, Thow AM, Ni Mhurchu C, Sacks G, Neal B Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnic-specific suggestions for physical activity based on existing recreational physical activity preferences of New Zealand women.
CONCLUSION: Obesity rates among specific ethnic groups of New Zealand women might be reduced by promoting activities that are: family/whānau-oriented (netball, touch), community-linked (hula, dance) and outdoor-based. Implications for public health: Tailoring existing PA preferences to develop ethnic-specific sets of activity suggestions could be important avenues to increase PA participation, improving the PA habits and subsequent health of New Zealand women and their communities. PMID: 31091346 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: O'Brien WJ, Shultz SP, Firestone RT, George L, Kruger R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Public health and natural hazards: new policies and preparedness initiatives developed from an Australian bushfire case study.
CONCLUSION: Policies proposed in this research aim to proactively narrow the awareness-preparedness gap and build adaptive capacity to minimise risk to human health in all-hazards contexts. Further research could evaluate the efficacy of trialled public policy. Implications for public health: These new policies seek to contribute to establishing and maintaining a culture of preparedness as a routine aspect of everyday life, and thus promote and protect public health in the short, medium and long terms. PMID: 31091364 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Westcott R, Ronan K, Bambrick H, Taylor M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The power of public health officers to curb greenhouse gas emissions.
PMID: 30994952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tait P, Batten M, Deakin M, Van Zeyl M, Weber J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A cluster of acute rheumatic fever cases among Aboriginal Australians in a remote community with high baseline incidence.
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of ARF during this cluster was very high. Carriage and infection with GAS was observed, but no outbreak strain identified. Implications for public health: A national public health guideline has since been developed that includes advice on the investigation of an ARF outbreak/cluster. Sustained efforts with strong community engagement are required to tackle high ARF rates. PMID: 30994967 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Francis JR, Gargan C, Remenyi B, Ralph AP, Draper A, Holt D, Krause V, Hardie K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Examining Australia's heaviest drinkers.
CONCLUSIONS: Australian alcohol consumption is heavily skewed. Alcohol consumption practices appear to differentiate the heaviest drinkers from others more clearly than sociodemographic factors. Implications for public health: Public health interventions that reduce drinking among the heaviest 10% of drinkers in Australia have the potential to markedly reduce per-capita consumption and reduce alcohol-related harm. Interventions focused on cheap alcohol may be effective with these drinkers. PMID: 30994968 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Livingston M, Callinan S Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Aboriginal mothers in prison in Australia: a study of social, emotional and physical wellbeing.
CONCLUSIONS: Aboriginal mothers in prison have significant health needs associated with physical and mental health, and psychological distress. Implications for public health: Adoption of social and emotional wellbeing as an explanatory framework for culturally secure healthcare in prison is essential to improving health outcomes of Aboriginal mothers in prison in Australia. PMID: 30994971 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sullivan EA, Kendall S, Chang S, Baldry E, Zeki R, Gilles M, Wilson M, Butler T, Levy M, Wayland S, Cullen P, Jones J, Sherwood J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research