Participant profile and impacts of an Aboriginal healthy lifestyle and weight loss challenge over four years 2012-2015.
CONCLUSION: The KHC has increasing and sustained appeal among Aboriginal communities, attracting those at risk from lifestyle-associated chronic disease and effectively reducing weight and promoting healthy lifestyles in the short term. Implications for public health: Community-led programs generated by, and responsive to, Aboriginal Australians' needs can demonstrate consistent community reach and sustained program-level lifestyle improvements. PMID: 31268219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Grunseit AC, Bohn-Goldbaum E, Crane M, Milat A, Cashmore A, Fonua R, Gow A, Havrlant R, Reid K, Hennessey K, Firth W, Bauman A Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

How do health practitioners in a large Australian public hospital identify and respond to reproductive abuse? A qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: Practitioners relied on intuition developed through experience to identify reproductive abuse. Once identified, most practitioners described a woman-led response promoting safety; however, there were inconsistencies in how this was enacted across different professions. Lack of clarity around the level of response required was also a barrier. Implications for public health: Our findings highlight the pressing need for evidence-based guidelines for health practitioners and a 'best practice' model specific to reproductive abuse. PMID: 31268221 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Z...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tarzia L, Wellington M, Marino J, Hegarty K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

New and old hotspots for rickettsial spotted fever acquired in Tasmania, 2012-2017.
CONCLUSIONS: This study extends our knowledge of the epidemiology of rickettsial disease in Tasmania. This is the first account including confirmed cases acquired in the Midlands of Tasmania. Implications for public health: Increased knowledge and awareness of epidemiology of rickettsial infection in Tasmania is essential for timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment. These findings bear wider relevance outside Tasmania because visitors may also be at risk. PMID: 31268225 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Willis G, Lodo K, McGregor A, Howes F, Williams S, Veitch M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Breast screening attendance of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women in the Northern Territory of Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: Factors associated with fewer visits to screening were similar for both groups of women, except for language which was significant only for Indigenous women, and remoteness which was significant only for non-Indigenous women. Implications for public health: Health communication in Indigenous languages may be key in encouraging participation and retaining Indigenous women in BreastScreen; improving access for remote-living non-Indigenous women should also be addressed. PMID: 31268228 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - July 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tapia KA, Garvey G, McEntee MF, Rickard M, Lydiard L, Brennan PC Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The Public Health Association of Australia's advocacy to prevent suicide.
PMID: 31206962 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Battams S, Robards F Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor in response to "When to apply sunscreen: a consensus statement for Australia and New Zealand".
Letter to the Editor in response to "When to apply sunscreen: a consensus statement for Australia and New Zealand". Aust N Z J Public Health. 2019 Jun 10;: Authors: Baldwin L, Olsen CM, Gordon L, Green AC, Aitken J, Neale R, Whiteman D, Janda M PMID: 31180599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Baldwin L, Olsen CM, Gordon L, Green AC, Aitken J, Neale R, Whiteman D, Janda M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Who rescues who? Understanding aquatic rescues in Australia using coronial data and a survey.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine fatal drowning associated with aquatic rescues and prior self-reported experience of undertaking an aquatic rescue in Australia. METHODS: Previous aquatic rescue experience was sourced through the 2013 Queensland Computer Assisted Telephone Instrument Survey and compared to data on rescue-related fatal unintentional drowning between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2015. RESULTS: Twenty-three per cent (n=294/1291) of survey respondents had previously performed an aquatic rescue. Males (X2 =35.2; p
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Franklin RC, Peden AE, Brander RW, Leggat PA Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The frequency and magnitude of price-promoted beverages available for sale in Australian supermarkets.
CONCLUSIONS: Beverage price promotions are used extensively in Australian supermarkets, undermining efforts to promote healthy population diets. Implications for public health: Policies restricting price promotions on sugar-sweetened beverages are likely to be an important part of strategies to reduce obesity and improve population nutrition. PMID: 31180614 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Zorbas C, Gilham B, Boelsen-Robinson T, Blake MRC, Peeters A, Cameron AJ, Wu JHY, Backholer K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Two decades of surveillance data show late presentation among a diverse group of women diagnosed with HIV in Victoria, Australia.
Conclusions and implications for public health: For Victoria to reach the ambitious targets for diagnosis, treatment and viral suppression in 95% of people living with HIV, prevention programs and efforts to increase early diagnosis as well as support services must consider the epidemiology and diversity of women. PMID: 31180616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Moreira C, Boughey A, Ryan KE, Higgins N, Rotty J, West M, Hellard M, Stoové M, El-Hayek C Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Anaemia in early childhood among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children of Far North Queensland: a retrospective cohort study.
This study describes anaemia among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children of Far North Queensland. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used health information for children born between 2006 and 2010 and their mothers. We describe the incidence of early childhood anaemia and compare characteristics of children and mothers where the child had anaemia with characteristics of children and mothers where the child did not have anaemia using bivariate and multivariable analysis, by complete case (CC) and with multiple imputed (MI) data. RESULTS: Among these (n=708) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander chil...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Leonard D, Buttner P, Thompson F, Makrides M, McDermott R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Development of Australia's front-of-pack interpretative nutrition labelling Health Star Rating system: lessons for public health advocates.
CONCLUSIONS: Actions to improve nutrition are often highly contested, particularly if the desired outcome competes with commercial interests. However, by deploying a structured approach to public health advocacy it is possible to influence government despite opposition from commercial interests. Implications for public health: A shared vision and a coordinated effort by public health professionals enabled advocates to overcome undue commercial influence. PMID: 31141259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Moore M, Jones A, Pollard CM, Yeatman H Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Observed vaping and smoking in outdoor public places: piloting objective data collection for policies on outdoor vaping.
PMID: 31141267 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thomson G, Nee-Nee J, Sutherland K, Holland R, Wilson M, Wilson N Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A comparative, retrospective analysis of HIV testing among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in Melbourne, Australia.
We describe the number of tests, percentage of clients who returned during follow-up, the mean number of tests and median time between tests at the two services. RESULTS: At PRONTO!, 33% of 3,102 GBM and at MSHC 50% of 9,836 GBM returned for a further HIV test at least once. The mean number of tests per client was 1.7 and 2.5 at PRONTO! and MSHC (p
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ryan KE, Wilkinson AL, Chow E, Read T, Chen M, Locke P, Leitinger D, Bradshaw C, Pedrana A, Hellard M, Fairley CK, Stoové M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Feasibility and acceptability of opportunistic screening to detect atrial fibrillation in Aboriginal adults.
CONCLUSION: The iECG device was well accepted within ACCHSs and was feasible to use to screen for AF among Aboriginal patients. Implications for public health: The device can be used in clinical and community settings to screen Aboriginal people for atrial fibrillation to help reduce rates of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. PMID: 31141280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Macniven R, Gwynn J, Fujimoto H, Hamilton S, Thompson SC, Taylor K, Lawrence M, Finlayson H, Bolton G, Dulvari N, Wright DC, Rambaldini B, Freedman B, Gwynne K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The performance and potential of the Australasian Health Star Rating system: a four-year review using the RE-AIM framework.
CONCLUSIONS: A substantial body of work supports continuation and strengthening of HSR. Reasonable refinements to HSR's star graphic and algorithm, action to initiate mandatory implementation, and strengthened HSR governance present the clearest opportunities for improving public health impact. Implications for public health: Development and implementation of government-led front-of-pack nutrition labelling systems have the potential to improve public health, while engaging a diverse set of stakeholders. PMID: 31141289 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jones A, Thow AM, Ni Mhurchu C, Sacks G, Neal B Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnic-specific suggestions for physical activity based on existing recreational physical activity preferences of New Zealand women.
CONCLUSION: Obesity rates among specific ethnic groups of New Zealand women might be reduced by promoting activities that are: family/whānau-oriented (netball, touch), community-linked (hula, dance) and outdoor-based. Implications for public health: Tailoring existing PA preferences to develop ethnic-specific sets of activity suggestions could be important avenues to increase PA participation, improving the PA habits and subsequent health of New Zealand women and their communities. PMID: 31091346 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: O'Brien WJ, Shultz SP, Firestone RT, George L, Kruger R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Public health and natural hazards: new policies and preparedness initiatives developed from an Australian bushfire case study.
CONCLUSION: Policies proposed in this research aim to proactively narrow the awareness-preparedness gap and build adaptive capacity to minimise risk to human health in all-hazards contexts. Further research could evaluate the efficacy of trialled public policy. Implications for public health: These new policies seek to contribute to establishing and maintaining a culture of preparedness as a routine aspect of everyday life, and thus promote and protect public health in the short, medium and long terms. PMID: 31091364 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - May 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Westcott R, Ronan K, Bambrick H, Taylor M Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The power of public health officers to curb greenhouse gas emissions.
PMID: 30994952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tait P, Batten M, Deakin M, Van Zeyl M, Weber J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A cluster of acute rheumatic fever cases among Aboriginal Australians in a remote community with high baseline incidence.
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of ARF during this cluster was very high. Carriage and infection with GAS was observed, but no outbreak strain identified. Implications for public health: A national public health guideline has since been developed that includes advice on the investigation of an ARF outbreak/cluster. Sustained efforts with strong community engagement are required to tackle high ARF rates. PMID: 30994967 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Francis JR, Gargan C, Remenyi B, Ralph AP, Draper A, Holt D, Krause V, Hardie K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Examining Australia's heaviest drinkers.
CONCLUSIONS: Australian alcohol consumption is heavily skewed. Alcohol consumption practices appear to differentiate the heaviest drinkers from others more clearly than sociodemographic factors. Implications for public health: Public health interventions that reduce drinking among the heaviest 10% of drinkers in Australia have the potential to markedly reduce per-capita consumption and reduce alcohol-related harm. Interventions focused on cheap alcohol may be effective with these drinkers. PMID: 30994968 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Livingston M, Callinan S Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Aboriginal mothers in prison in Australia: a study of social, emotional and physical wellbeing.
CONCLUSIONS: Aboriginal mothers in prison have significant health needs associated with physical and mental health, and psychological distress. Implications for public health: Adoption of social and emotional wellbeing as an explanatory framework for culturally secure healthcare in prison is essential to improving health outcomes of Aboriginal mothers in prison in Australia. PMID: 30994971 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sullivan EA, Kendall S, Chang S, Baldry E, Zeki R, Gilles M, Wilson M, Butler T, Levy M, Wayland S, Cullen P, Jones J, Sherwood J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A systematic review of the psychological impacts of the Canterbury earthquakes on mental health.
CONCLUSION: The Canterbury earthquakes were associated with widespread but not universal adverse effects on mental health. Disaster research quality is assisted by representative samples, repeated measures, and the use of appropriate controls to allow accurate assessments of psychological consequences to be made. Implications for public health: The presence of widespread adverse effects as a result of the earthquakes suggests broad-ranging community initiatives are essential to mitigate the negative consequences of disasters. PMID: 30958618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Beaglehole B, Mulder RT, Boden JM, Bell CJ Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Justice targets in Closing the Gap: let's get them right.
PMID: 30958619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Johnston I, Williams M, Butler T, Kinner SA Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Increasing incidence and mortality related to liver cancer in Australia: time to turn the tide.
CONCLUSION: Incidence and mortality associated with liver cancer have increased substantially in the past three decades, in contrast to the improved outcomes observed for many other cancers. Jurisdictional incidence rates reflect higher prevalence of hepatitis B and C. Implications for public health: In the context of Australian cancer prevention and care programs, liver cancer is an outlier. Strategies to mitigate risk factors and improve surveillance of liver health for at-risk groups are urgently required. PMID: 30958629 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Cocker F, Chien Yee K, Palmer AJ, de Graaff B Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Why don't owners improve their homes? Results from a survey following a housing warrant-of-fitness assessment for health and safety.
CONCLUSIONS: Information about housing defects appears insufficient to encourage people to make improvements to their homes to meet a specified health and safety standard. Implications for public health: Better understanding of how particular housing defects pose a risk for health and safety, and provision of funding support in some cases, may encourage people to invest in safer, healthier homes. PMID: 30958630 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Chisholm E, Keall M, Bennett J, Marshall A, Telfar-Barnard L, Thornley L, Howden-Chapman P Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Children overdue for immunisation: a question of coverage or reporting? An audit of the Australian Immunisation Register.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite incentives to record childhood vaccinations on AIR, under-reporting continues to be an important contributor to underestimation of true coverage in NSW. Implications for public health: More reliable transmission of encounters to AIR at provider level and removal of duplicates would improve accuracy of reported coverage. PMID: 30959563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - April 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Law C, McGuire R, Ferson MJ, Reid S, Gately C, Stephenson J, Campbell-Lloyd S, Gabriel S, Housen T, Sheppeard V, Corben P, Durrheim DN, NSW Public Health Network AIR Study Group Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Mismatches between health service delivery and community expectations in the provision of secondary prophylaxis for rheumatic fever in New Zealand.
Conclusions and Public health implications: Successful RRF prevention requires interventions to address structural causes of inequity, appropriate clinical guidelines and quality health services. Service-delivery models should provide regular prophylaxis in an accessible manner through culturally-safe, community-based, age-appropriate care. PMID: 30908804 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - March 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anderson A, Peat B, Ryland J, Ofanoa M, Burgess H, Malungahu G, Wade J, Spray J, Leversha A Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Optimising Hepatitis C care in an urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health care clinic.
CONCLUSIONS: The study highlights the opportunities for enhancing treatment of patients with HCV infection. Opportunities to improve treatment rates in an Indigenous primary healthcare include optimising diagnostic pathways, improving patient engagement, and general practitioner and peer worker participation. Implications for public health: HCV poses a serious threat to public health in Australia and IPHCs are key sites to addressing this for Indigenous people. Optimising care of patients with HCV attending IPHC requires recognition of the complex health needs and social context, to reduce the incidence and consequences of...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - March 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lakhan P, Askew D, Hayman N, Pokino LA, Sendall C, Clark PJ Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A systematic review of evaluations of prison-based alcohol and other drug use behavioural treatment for men.
CONCLUSIONS: Although there is relatively little methodologically strong evidence of the impact of prison-based AoD treatment, and no Australian papers studies, current best-evidence practice is Cognitive behavioural therapy delivered in Therapeutic Community (TC) settings. Implications for public health: Prison-based TC treatment should be available to people in prison who have a history of AoD use. PMID: 30908856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - March 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Doyle MF, Shakeshaft A, Guthrie J, Snijder M, Butler T Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Child obesity prevalence across communities in New Zealand: 2010-2016.
CONCLUSIONS: Child obesity varies between NZ communities, but most territorial authorities have experienced a decrease in obesity over the period 2010/11-2015/16. Implications for public health: Addressing deprivation and ethnic inequalities in obesity could substantially reduce community-level differences in obesity in NZ. PMID: 30830709 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - March 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gibb S, Shackleton N, Audas R, Taylor B, Swinburn B, Zhu T, Taylor R, Derraik JGB, Cutfield W, Milne B Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A longitudinal investigation of Western Australian families impacted by parental cancer with adolescent and young adult offspring.
CONCLUSION: A considerable number of adolescent and young adult offspring are impacted by parental cancer at a potentially vulnerable age. This research provides knowledge to better understand who is affected by parental cancer in Australia. Implications for public health: These results may be useful for planning and implementation of Australian supportive services. PMID: 30830710 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - March 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Morris JN, Zajac I, Turnbull D, Preen D, Patterson P, Martini A Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The health burden of preventable disease in Australia: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the methods used to estimate preventable health burden varied greatly between studies, all found that a substantial amount of death and disability was attributable to lifestyle-related risk factors. Implications for public health: There is a large health burden in Australia caused by modifiable risk factors and further action is warranted to address this burden. PMID: 30830711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - March 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Crosland P, Ananthapavan J, Davison J, Lambert M, Carter R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

What does Australia's investment in genomics mean for public health?
PMID: 30830712 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - March 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Belcher A, Mangelsdorf M, McDonald F, Curtis C, Waddell N, Hussey K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiology of hospitalised traumatic brain injury in the state of New South Wales, Australia: a population-based study.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall TBI incidence in NSW is lower than international estimates. Nevertheless, groups with higher incidence rates and/or poor in-hospital outcomes were identified, highlighting directions for prevention and future research. Implications for public health: There is a need for identifying risk factors/barriers and assessing the impact of recent policies on these population groups. PMID: 30830715 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - March 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pozzato I, Tate RL, Rosenkoetter U, Cameron ID Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Relative risk of suicide following exposure to recent stressors, Victoria, Australia.
Conclusions and Implications for public health: Males experiencing mental illness and alcohol and other drug problems should be a particular priority for suicide prevention initiatives but people exposed to other stressors such as contact with the police and divorce/relationship separation also warrant attention. PMID: 30830716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - March 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Clapperton A, Newstead S, Bugeja L, Pirkis J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Lifestyle determinants of behavioural outcomes triggered by direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription medicines: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings raise concerns regarding the misuse or overuse of medications for diseases that may otherwise be improved by a healthier lifestyle. Implications for public health: To improve public health and wellbeing of society, we call for regulatory changes regarding advertising of medicines. Where applicable, lifestyle changes should be advertised as potential substitutes for the advertised medicines. Interprofessional collaboration is also recommended to educate individuals and convey the value of health behaviour changes. PMID: 30830719 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Z...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - March 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Zadeh NK, Robertson K, Green JA Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Differences by age and sex in adolescent suicide.
CONCLUSION: Suicide in younger adolescents and females appear to share characteristics, and differ from older and male adolescents. Negative interpersonal relationships and previous self-harm with possible co-existenting mental illness appear to be key differentiating features. Implications for public health: Understanding completed suicide is an important step towards prevention, and our results suggest a need for developmentally and sex-specific suicide prevention strategies. PMID: 30786107 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - February 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lee S, Dwyer J, Paul E, Clarke D, Treleaven S, Roseby R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of an intervention to train health professionals working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to provide smoking cessation advice.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness and cultural relevance of Quitskills training tailored for health professionals working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who smoke. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted with data collected from 860 participants (54% Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander participants) in tailored Quitskills training from 2012 to 2016. Course participants took part in a survey at pre-training, post-training and four-six weeks post-training to assess confidence in skills to address tobacco, and perceptions of the strengths, areas for improvement and...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - February 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Martin K, Dono J, Stewart HB, Sparrow A, Miller C, Roder D, Bowden J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Enable, mediate … but don't advocate!
Enable, mediate … but don't advocate! Aust N Z J Public Health. 2019 Feb 20;: Authors: Stoneham M, Symons J PMID: 30786132 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - February 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Stoneham M, Symons J Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Challenges in recruitment to an epidemiological study of young Australian women: the Grollo-Ruzzene Foundation Young Women's Health Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Recruitment, by predominantly electronic means, has achieved a large, representative study sample of young women recruited from the eastern states of Australia. Implications for public health: Recruitment of a representative study sample can be achieved in the absence of a high response rate. PMID: 30727023 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Skiba MA, Bell RJ, Islam RM, Davis SR Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Dual use of electronic cigarettes and tobacco in New Zealand from a nationally representative sample.
CONCLUSION: The current study found evidence for substantial dual use of e-cigarettes and combustible tobacco cigarettes among adult e-cigarette users, particularly among users aged 45 years and over. Implications for public health: Public health initiatives should provide clear advice that e-cigarettes should be used as a smoking cessation tool and not as a way to allow the consumption of combustible tobacco to continue. PMID: 30727031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Oakly A, Martin G Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

High burden of infectious disease and antibiotic use in early life in Australian Aboriginal communities.
CONCLUSIONS: Early life infections drive high antibiotic prescribing rates in remote Aboriginal communities. Implications for public health: Eliminating skin disease could reduce antibiotic use by almost 20% in children under five years of age in this population. PMID: 30727032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Cuningham W, McVernon J, Lydeamore MJ, Andrews RM, Carapetis J, Kearns T, Clucas D, Dhurrkay RG, Tong SYC, Campbell PT Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

"You've got to breathe, you know" - asthma patients and carers' perceptions around purchase and use of asthma preventer medicines.
CONCLUSIONS: Patient barriers to adherence with asthma preventer medicines including cost are ongoing. Healthcare professionals need to encourage empathic discussion with patients about cost issues. Implications for public health: Asthma patients and carers could benefit from greater involvement and respect within shared decision-making. Healthcare professionals should be aware that cost may be a barrier for patient adherence, and provided with information about the relative costs of guideline-recommended asthma medicines. Patients and healthcare professionals need education around the efficacy of ICS-alone treatment and t...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Davis SR, Tudball J, Flynn A, Lembke K, Zwar N, Reddel HK Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with induced abortion over time: secondary data analysis of five waves of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: A trend analysis of associations with induced abortion. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the 1973/78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health of women responding to two or more consecutive surveys out of five (N=9,042), using generalised estimating equations. RESULTS: New abortions dropped from 7% to 2% at surveys 4 and 5. By survey 5, 16% of respondents reported abortions, only 2% of them new. Women aged in their twenties were more likely to terminate a pregnancy if they reported less-effective contraceptives (aOR2.18 CI 1.65-2.89); increased risky drinking (aOR1.6...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Taft AJ, Powell RL, Watson LF, Lucke JC, Mazza D, McNamee K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

The health of older New Zealanders in relation to housing tenure: analysis of pooled data from three consecutive, annual New Zealand Health Surveys.
CONCLUSIONS: Rental tenure is associated with poorer health. Implications for public health: Older renters tend to be economically disadvantaged and in poorer health than owner-occupiers. Over time, the proportion of older renters has been increasing. This will have implications for policy and for services in meeting the diverse care and support needs of older people. Higher rates of renting among Māori and Pacific people and older females means that these groups are particularly vulnerable to any negative impact of renting on health. PMID: 30727047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zeal...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pledger M, McDonald J, Dunn P, Cumming J, Saville-Smith K Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Are we closing the Aboriginal child injury gap? A cohort study.
Conclusions and Implications for public health: Our findings suggest that current injury prevention measures have not been successful in reducing either rates of unintentional injury in Aboriginal children, or injury inequalities between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. We recommend the implementation of targeted Aboriginal led injury prevention measures. PMID: 30720921 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - February 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Möller H, Ivers R, Clapham K, Jorm L Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Educating for Indigenous public health competence - how do we stack up in Australia?
CONCLUSION: These findings highlight the need for inclusion of the Indigenous public health competencies to be made obligatory in MPH programs. Implications for public health: Significant gaps remain in public health curricula enabling students to develop competencies that enable them to become judgement safe practitioners when working with Indigenous peoples and communities. A revised curriculum framework document provides a range of useful strategies and resources to remedy these omissions. PMID: 30690820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - January 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Coombe L, Lee V, Robinson P Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in hepatitis B prevalence and associated risk factors among Indigenous and non-Indigenous prison entrants in Australia, 2004 to 2013.
This study describes and compares prevalence trends of markers for hepatitis B (HBV) from 2004 to 2013 and HBV risk factors between Indigenous and non-Indigenous prison entrants. Methods A cross-sectional survey carried out over two weeks in 2004, 2007, 2010 and 2013 in reception prisons in New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania. Results The study included 2,223 prison entrants; 544 were Indigenous. Indigenous prison entrants had significantly higher hepatitis C core antibody (anti-HBc) prevalence than non-Indigenous prisoners in 2004 (29% vs. 18%, P=0.026), 2007 (40% vs. 15%, P
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - January 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Coles T, Simpson P, Saulo D, Kaldo J, Richards A, Levy M, Wake C, Siddall DA, Harrod ME, Kariminia A, Butler T Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

What happens once a program has been implemented? A call for research investigating strategies to enhance public health program sustainability.
PMID: 30690829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health)
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - January 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wolfenden L, Chai LK, Jones J, McFadyen T, Hodder R, Kingsland M, Milat AJ, Nathan N, Wiggers J, Yoong SL Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

A national profile of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workers, 2006-2016.
CONCLUSION: There are pressing concerns regarding the lack of growth and the ageing workforce of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workers. We remain concerned that little is being done to increase the retention and recruitment of this workforce. Implications for public health: Greater effort is needed to improve the recruitment and retention of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workers, particularly for younger age groups and males. A National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workforce Strategy needs to be implemented. PMID: 30690842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Austr...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - January 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wright A, Briscoe K, Lovett R Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research