Real-time light-guided vocal fold injection as a simulation-based training tool
Cricothyroid (CT) approach for vocal fold injection (VFI) has advantages of a low complication rate, suitability for in-office practice, and good patient compliance. However, it requires a high level of experience and a steep learning curve due to invisibility of needle. Recently, real-time light-guided VFI (RL-VFI) was developed for safe and precise injection into laryngeal structures under light guidance. Herein, we describe the development of a simulation-based training (SBT) program using RL-VFI for CT approach and report its preliminary application with in-training otolaryngologists. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - August 12, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jia Kim, Hyo-Seok Seo, Han-seul Na, Hee Young Son, Dong Kun Lee, Woo-Jin Jeong, Wonjae Cha Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Congenital cholesteatoma assessment based on staging and classification criteria for middle ear cholesteatoma proposed by the Japan Otological Society
We aimed to assess the clinical characteristics of extent patterns in congenital cholesteatoma, based on the Japan Otological Society (JOS) staging system. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - August 12, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Masahiro Miura, Yutaka Yamamoto, Masahiro Takahashi, Manabu Komori, Kazuhisa Yamamoto, Hiromi Kojima Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics, the diagnostic criteria and management recommendation of otitis media with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (OMAAV) proposed by Japan otological society
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a form of necrotizing vasculitis with few or no immune deposits. It primarily affects small and medium blood vessels. AAV is classified into three categories, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangitis (EGPA), and two major ANCAs, proteinase 3 (PR3)-ANCA or myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA are involved in their pathogenesis. Intractable otitis media frequently occurs in patients with GPA, MPA or EGPA, although all patients show similar clinical features, regardless of the type of...
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - August 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yasuaki Harabuchi, Kan Kishibe, Kaori Tateyama, Yuka Morita, Naohiro Yoshida, Masahiro Okada, Yasuomi Kunimoto, Takeshi Watanabe, Akira Inagaki, Tadao Yoshida, Mitsuyoshi Imaizum, Takeshi Nakamura, Takeshi Matsunobu, Shigeto Kobayashi, Yukiko Iino, Shingo Source Type: research

A novel surgical treatment for long lasting unilateral peripheral parosmia: Olfactory cleft blocking technique
The treatment of qualitative olfactory disease is challenging. We aimed to treat parosmia using a new minimally invasive surgical technique-the olfactory cleft blocking technique- by preventing odorants from reaching the olfactory epithelium. A novel surgical procedure for blocking the anterior and inferior openings of the olfactory cleft was accomplished in a patient with unilateral persistent peripheral parosmia. The HRCT and endoscopy were performed preoperatively and postoperatively to evaluate the anatomical structure of the olfactory cleft. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - August 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jianfeng Liu, Carlos D. Pinheiro-Neto, Jianhui Zhao, Zhongyan Chen, Yibei Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Tinnitus rat model generated by laser-induced shock wave; a platform for analyzing the central nervous system after tinnitus generation
Tinnitus is a phantom auditory sensation, which is mainly triggered by dysfunction of the peripheral auditory organ, such as cochlear disorders. Additionally, the central nervous system, specifically the limbic system, plays a crucial role in the generation and exacerbation of tinnitus. Therefore, to analyze the hypothesis that tinnitus has strong and specific association with the plastic changes in the limbic system, we assessed the neuronal plastic changes in the limbic system, including the hippocampus and the amygdala, in rats with single-sided tinnitus. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - August 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Katsuki Niwa, Kunio Mizutari, Toshiyasu Matsui, Satoko Kawauchi, Shunichi Sato, Akihiro Shiotani, Yasushi Kobayashi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Efficacy of second and subsequent lines of chemotherapy for recurrent and metastatic head and neck cancer
The increase in treatment options resulted in successful treatment with multiple lines of chemotherapy for recurrent and metastatic (RM) head and neck cancer (HNC). The present study aimed to elucidate the beneficial effect of successive treatment for RM-HNC. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - August 3, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Satoshi Koyama, Kazunori Fujiwara, Tsuyoshi Morisaki, Naritomo Miyake, Takahiro Fukuhara, Hiromi Takeuchi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pathophysiology of current odontogenic maxillary sinusitis and endoscopic sinus surgery preceding dental treatment
The successful management of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis (OMS) involves a combination of medical treatment with dental surgery and/or endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). However, there is no consensus for the optimal timing of ESS. Although several studies have emphasized dental surgery as the primary treatment modality for OMS, there is recent evidence to suggest that ESS alone may be an effective treatment approach.The purpose of this study is to retrospectively investigate the pathophysiology of the current intractable OMS and the role ESS, especially ESS preceding dental treatment, plays in its pathophysiology. (Source...
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - August 3, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kiminori Sato, Shun-ichi Chitose, Kiminobu Sato, Fumihiko Sato, Takeharu Ono, Hirohito Umeno Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Increased risk of ischemic stroke in patients with Bell's palsy: A longitudinal follow-up study using a national sample cohort
To investigate the association between Bell's palsy and stroke according to the different types of stroke, using a sample cohort based on the national Korean population. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - August 3, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sang-Yeon Lee, Jae-Sung Lim, Dong Jun Oh, Bumjung Park, Il-Seok Park, Hyo Geun Choi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Comparison of real-ear insertion gains in Japanese-speaking individuals wearing hearing aids with DSLv5 and NAL-NL2
We used real-ear insertion gain (REIG), with the international speech test signal (ISTS), to evaluate the amplifying characteristics of hearing aids, set for patients who have been wearing such aids for a long time in a stable manner. We further compared this to the target values of the DSLv5 and NAL-NL2 methods. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 31, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Shogo Furuki, Hajime Sano, Takaomi Kurioka, Atsuko Ogiwara, Takahito Nakagawa, Rie Inoue, Sachie Umehara, Yuki Hara, Keiko Suzuki, Taku Yamashita Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Sensorineural hearing loss and hypoplastic cochlea in Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome with FOXC1 mutation
In this report, we investigated audiological and otological manifestations in the ARS type 3 patient who had the novel heterozygous FOXC1 mutation leading deletion at the forkhead DNA-binding domain. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 30, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Hiroshi Yamazaki, Takeshi Nakamura, Katsuhiro Hosono, Tomoya Yamaguchi, Yasuyuki Hiratsuka, Yoshihiro Hotta, Makio Takahashi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Non-recovery animal model of severe facial paralysis induced by freezing the facial canal
Some cases of peripheral facial paralysis are resistant to treatment, thus, a non-recovery model of facial paralysis is needed to develop new treatment strategies for this condition. The purpose of the current study was to develop an animal model of which facial palsy was severe and prolonged. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tomonori Joko, Hiroyuki Yamada, Takuya Kimura, Masato Teraoka, Naohito Hato Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Experience with online lectures about endoscopic sinus surgery using an video conferencing app
It is difficult to hold face-to-face conferences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Education is just as important in endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) as in any other surgery. Surgical education for endoscopic surgeries like ESS is relatively easy to provide compared with open surgery, because everyone seeing the procedures shares the same views. Although there is a report of electronic learning for ESS [1], we decided to report this experience because there were no reports of lectures using an interactive conferencing app. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 28, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yohei Maeda, Kazuya Takeda, Masaki Hayama, Takeshi Tsuda, Takashi Shikina, Suetaka Nishiike, Kayoko Kawashima, Hidenori Inohara Tags: Letter to Editor Source Type: research

Behavioural performance and self-report measures in children with unilateral hearing loss due to congenital aural atresia
To explore the behavioural and functional performance of a group of children with conductive unilateral hearing loss (UHL) due to congenital aural atresia. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 28, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Oscar M. Ca ñete, Suzanne C. Purdy, Colin R.S. Brown, Michel Neeff, Peter R. Thorne Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Experience with online lectures about endoscopic sinus surgery using an online conferencing app
It is difficult to hold face-to-face conferences during the COVID-19 epidemic. Education is just as important in endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) as in any other surgery. Surgical education for endoscopic surgeries like ESS is relatively easy to provide compared with open surgery, because everyone seeing the procedures shares the same views. Although there is a report of electronic learning for ESS, [1] we decided to report this experience because there were no reports of lectures using an interactive conferencing app. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 28, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yohei Maeda, Kazuya Takeda, Masaki Hayama, Takeshi Tsuda, Takashi Shikina, Suetaka Nishiike, Kayoko Kawashima, Hidenori Inohara Source Type: research

Evaluation of nasal tip shape in patients with severe caudal septal deviation after modified extracorporeal endonasal septoplasty
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effect of modified extracorporeal endonasal septoplasty on nasal tip shape and function in patients with severe caudal septal deviation. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 27, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Deniz Demir, Halil Elden, Mehmet G üven, Mahmut Sinan Yılmaz, Ahmet Kara Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effect of tongue-to-palate resistance training on tongue strength in healthy adults
This study examined the effect of tongue-to-palate resistance training (TPRT) on anterior and posterior tongue strength by conducting a prospective, randomized, parallel allocation trial. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 26, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Chun-Hao Lin, Shu-Ying Chung, Chi-Te Lin, Yueh-Juen Hwu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The role of endoscopic resection for selected patients with sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma
The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of endoscopic surgery for patients with SNSCC. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 25, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yuji Nakamaru, Masanobu Suzuki, Satoshi Kano, Takatsugu Mizumachi, Nayuta Tsushima, Takayoshi Suzuki, Aya Honma, Akira Nakazono, Shogo Kimura, Rikiya Onimaru, Koichi Yasuda, Hiroki Shirato, Akihiro Homma Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Three cases of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia that developed after head and neck cancer therapy
We report three cases of NOMI hypothesized to have developed after head and neck cancer therapy; thus, we report these cases considering the available literature. Case 1: A 74-year-old man with T2N0M0 stage Ⅱ oropharyngeal carcinoma complained of abdominal pain 5 days after chemoradiotherapy. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 25, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Hiromi Nagano, Yoshinobu Fujiwara, Hirohisa Matsuzaki, Mizuo Umakoshi, Junichiro Ohori, Yuichi Kurono Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Is surgical resection without radioactive iodine treatment a safe alternative treatment for T1 –2N1bM0 papillary thyroid carcinoma?
This study assessed the role and efficacy of RAI adjuvant therapy in patients with T1–3N1b PTC. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 25, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Takashi Fujiwara, Akira Yoshizawa, Masanobu Mizuta, Hisanobu Tamaki Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Minimal temperature, mean wind speed, and mean relative humidity are associated with spontaneous epistaxis in Seoul, Korea
Epistaxis is a commonly encountered condition; however, factors that have been associated with epistaxis are controversial. Although several previous studies have evaluated the relationship between meteorological factors and epistaxis, studies conducted in Korea has been nearly reported. We attempted to evaluate the meteorological factors associated with the frequency of patients presenting with epistaxis in a tertiary hospital. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 25, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sung Jin Min, Hyun Kang, Kyung Soo Kim, Hyun Jin Min Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Denosumab-induced osteonecrosis of external auditory canal
Denosumab is the world's first human monoclonal antibody for the treatment of osteoporosis and shares an active pathway with bisphosphonates, strongly suppressing osteoclast activities. This is the first case report describing a possible relationship between the development of osteonecrosis of external auditory canal and denosumab administration. We herein report an 81-year-old woman diagnosed with left osteonecrosis of external auditory canal who had a history of denosumab administration. She underwent left radical mastoidectomy due to being refractory to conservative treatment. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Takamori Takeda, Taku Ito, Iichiroh Onishi, Masaru Yokomura, Yoshiyuki Kawashima, Taro Fujikawa, Takeshi Tsutsumi Source Type: research

Society of swallowing and dysphagia of Japan: Position statement on dysphagia management during the COVID-19 outbreak
On April 14, the Society of Swallowing and Dysphagia of Japan (SSDJ) proposed its position statement on dysphagia treatment considering the ongoing spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).The main routes of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 are physical contact with infected persons and exposure to respiratory droplets. In cases of infection, the nasal cavity and nasopharynx have the highest viral load in the body. Swallowing occurs in the oral cavity and pharynx, which correspond to the sites of viral proliferation. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yurika Kimura, Rumi Ueha, Tatsuya Furukawa, Fumiko Oshima, Junko Fujitani, Junko Nakajima, Asako Kaneoka, Hisaaki Aoyama, Yasushi Fujimoto, Toshiro Umezaki Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Shoulder function after neck dissection: Assessment via a shoulder-specific quality-of-life questionnaire and active shoulder abduction
Neck dissection results in a high probability of postoperative shoulder functional impairment, even when the spinal accessory nerve is preserved. Therefore, surgeons must inform patients about the expected functional and qualitative recovery of shoulder function after surgery. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 22, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Takayuki Imai, Yuki Sato, Jun Abe, Jun Kumagai, Sinkichi Morita, Satoshi Saijo, Tomoko Yamazaki, Yukinori Asada, Kazuto Matsuura Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Unilateral arytenoid swelling in acute epiglottitis suggests the presence of peritonsillar abscess
To investigate the incidence of acute epiglottitis (AE) and the clinical features of patients with AE complicated by peritonsillar abscess (PTA), considering that PTA, especially inferior-type PTA, is often a comorbidity of AE. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 17, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Junichiro Ohori, Keiichi Miyashita, Mizue Harada, Hiromi Nagano, Takao Makise, Mizuo Umakoshi, Hiroyuki Iuchi, Tomohiro Jimura, Masaki Kawabata, Yuichi Kurono Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Phase variation with altering phosphorylcholine expression of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae affects bacteria clearance and mucosal immune response in the middle ear and nasopharynx
We examined the kinetics of the mucosal clearance of NTHi from the nose and middle ear and the mucosal immune response to NTHi infection by comparing ChoP(+) and ChoP( −) strains in a mouse model of middle ear and nasal challenge. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 17, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yoshinori Kadowaki, Takashi Hirano, Keigo Fujita, Toshiaki Kawano, Takayuki Matsunaga, Kazuhiro Yoshinaga, Masashi Suzuki Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Authors ’ reply to: Comment on the article by Dr. T.Huda: Barrier Device Prototype for open tracheotomy during COVID-19 pandemic
Firstly, thank you in advance for you interest in our article entitled “Barrier Device Prototype for open tracheotomy during COVID-19 pandemic [1]”. We are glad to hear that our device has been used by many other institutions elsewhere, helping to provide a safer environment for surgical procedures involving the airways. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 17, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Wellington Alves Filho Source Type: research

Cetuximab and paclitaxel combination therapy for recurrent basaloid squamous cell carcinoma in the ethmoid sinus
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC), a histologically distinctive variant of squamous cell carcinoma comprising basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, is aggressive and shows a poor prognosis because of frequent lymph node invasion and distant metastases. To date few articles regarding chemotherapy for metastatic disease have been reported, thus feasible chemotherapy is not well established. Cetuximab is a monoclonal antibody for epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR), which has great efficacy for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma due to EGFR signaling pathway blockage. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Satoshi Koyama, Kazunori Fujiwara, Tsuyoshi Morisaki, Taihei Fujii, Yosuke Nakamura, Takahiro Fukuhara, Hiromi Takeuchi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Indications and postoperative outcomes of surgery for laryngotracheal stenosis: A descriptive study
Tracheal reconstruction is a rare surgical procedure and the actual incidence of or indications for this procedure have not been thoroughly elucidated. We performed the nationwide database analysis to clarify the real-world situation of laryngotracheal surgery requiring cervical tracheal reconstruction. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 15, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kayoko Mizuno, Yuji Kanazawa, Masato Takeuchi, Yo Kishimoto, Koji Kawakami, Koichi Omori Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pulsatile tinnitus caused by an aberrant artery running over the surface of mastoid bone
We report an unprecedented cause of PT resulting from an aberrant artery coursing the mastoid surface, and qualitatively discuss the pathophysiology of PT. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 15, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yue-Lin Hsieh, Xiaobing Xu, Ping Guo, Wuqing Wang Source Type: research

Does microscopic experience influence learning curve in endoscopic ear surgery? A multicentric study
The aim of the present study was to illustrate the learning curve of endoscopic type-1 tympanoplasty comparing experts in microscopic otology versus neophyte surgeons. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 15, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Daniela Lucidi, Ignacio Javier Fernandez, Cecilia Botti, Luca Amorosa, Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli, Domenico Villari, Livio Presutti Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Clinical indication of nasal surgery for the CPAP intolerance in obstructive sleep apnea with nasal obstruction
The role of isolated nasal surgery for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients with nasal obstruction, especially for an intolerance for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), is unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of surgery for OSA patients with symptomatic nasal obstruction and CPAP intolerance. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Noboru Iwata, Seiichi Nakata, Hiroya Inada, Ayami Kimura, Masatoshi Hirata, Fumihiko Yasuma Source Type: research

Endoscopic removal of a fish bone foreign body in the hypopharynx with the modified Killian's method
Observing the entire circumference of the hypopharynx is usually difficult because most of the area is anatomically closed in the resting state. The modified Killian's method, consisting of a combination of the modified Killian position, head torsion, and the Valsalva maneuver, is a recently proposed procedure to improve the endoscopic view of the hypopharynx. A fish bone, which was invisible under regular endoscopy but was identified by CT, was successfully observed and removed under the modified Killian's method in a 71-year-old female. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 9, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Daisuke Kikuchi, Masakazu Ikeda, Shigeyuki Murono Source Type: research

Intratympanic steroid injection for sudden sensorineural hearing loss: Impact of injection interval on therapeutic efficacy
To compare the effect of injection time intervals of intratympanic (IT) dexamethasone (DEX) in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 7, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Min Young Kwak, Chan Ju Yang, Hyun Joon Shim, Chan Il Song, Jong Yang Kim, Il Woo Lee, Sung Wook Jung, Hyun Woo Lim, Joong Keun Kwon, Jun Ho Lee, June Choi, Yun Suk An, Kyu-Yup Lee, Jong Woo Chung Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The impact of middle ear aeration on surgical outcome after intact canal wall tympanoplasty for cholesteatoma
The aeration status of the middle ear is presumed to be one of the factors affecting the outcome in acquired cholesteatoma. The present study investigated the impact of postoperative middle ear aeration on hearing and recurrence after intact canal wall tympanoplasty. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 6, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Masaomi Motegi, Yutaka Yamamoto, Kotaro Ouchi, Taisuke Akutsu, Takeshi Tada, Sho Kurihara, Masahiro Takahashi, Sayaka Sampei, Hiromi Sano, Tsunetaro Morino, Manabu Komori, Kazuhisa Yamamoto, Yuika Sakurai, Hiromi Kojima Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Robotic thyroid surgery
Various remote access robotic thyroidectomy techniques have been developed using the da Vinci ® surgical system (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA) to hide or avoid neck scarring and overcome the limitations of endoscopic thyroidectomy. Among those used today are the gasless transaxillary approach, the bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA), the gasless postauricular facelift approach , and the transoral approach. Especially, the recently introduced transoral approach (including robotic and endoscopic procedures) is prominent and now popular worldwide. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kyung Tae Source Type: research

Comment on the article by Dr. T. Huda: Barrier Device Prototype for open tracheotomy during COVID-19 pandemic
We read with interest the report by Filho and colleagues describing their prototype barrier device for open tracheostomy during the COVID-19 pandemic Auris Nasus Larynx. 2020 May 8. pii: S0385-8146(20)30119-X [1]. We agree that not all countries or institutions have access to what might be considered the optimal environment and equipment to safely undertake tracheostomy in patients recovering from COVID-19, but we have some concerns about promoting a barrier device to address these needs. These concerns are based on our own experiences of simulated airway management behind barrier enclosures, and from other reports in the ...
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 1, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: T. Huda, P.D.G. Alexander, B. McGrath, C. Shelton Source Type: research

The COVID-Box for tracheostomy: Additional complexity and unanswered questions
We read with interest the report by Filho and colleagues describing their prototype barrier device for open tracheostomy during the COVID-19 pandemic Auris Nasus Larynx. 2020 May 8. pii: S0385-8146(20)30119-X [1]. We agree that not all countries or institutions have access to what might be considered the optimal environment and equipment to safely undertake tracheostomy in patients recovering from COVID-19, but we have some concerns about promoting a barrier device to address these needs. These concerns are based on our own experiences of simulated airway management behind barrier enclosures, and from other reports in the ...
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - July 1, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: T. Huda, P.D.G. Alexander, B. McGrath, C. Shelton Source Type: research

Challenges in topical therapy of chronic rhinosinusitis: The case of nasal drops application – A systematic review
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common health issue associated with a significant life quality impairment. Intranasal glucocorticoid is the treatment of choice both as initial therapy as well as after surgery. In contrast to nasal spray, liquid glucocorticoids in form of nasal drops have the advantage of reaching the middle and upper meatus. The efficiency of the glucocorticoid nasal drops is nevertheless strictly dependent on the head position they are being applied in. Several head positions have been described in the literature but no clear recommendation towards the best suited position exist to date. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 30, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Stefan Trabut, Hergen Friedrich, Marco Caversaccio, Simona Negoias Source Type: research

Relationships of opacification in the nasal sinuses, rhinosinusitis, and antiresorptive agent-related osteonecrosis of the jaw
Bone turnover suppression agents are widely used for prophylaxis of bone metastases from cancer and osteoporosis; the occurrence of their side effect, antiresorptive agent-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ARONJ), has been increasing. We investigated the relationships between opacification in the nasal sinuses, rhinosinusitis, and ARONJ based on data obtained from oral surgeons. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 24, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yuma Matsumoto, Hidenori Yokoi, Tetsuya Ikeda, Michitsugu Kawada, Koichiro Saito Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The effects of behind-the-ear and off-the-ear sound processors on speech understanding performance in cochlear implant users
The first aim of this study was to compare speech understanding performance in adult cochlear implant users using behind-the-ear and off-the-ear sound processors in quiet and noise. Second, the impact of sound processor microphone location on speech understanding performance was compared. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Merve Bayri, Ay ça Çiprut Source Type: research

Periostin in middle ear mucosa according to eosinophilic otitis media severity: Middle ear pathology-based treatment
Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) is an intractable disorder associated with bronchial asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis. Periostin is an extracellular matrix protein secreted by fibroblasts in response to interleukin (IL)-4 and/or IL-13 and is a known marker for eosinophilic disorders. We assessed serum periostin levels and expression of periostin in the middle ear mucosa according to three grade of EOM severity (grade1 to 3). (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yoshihiko Esu, Maria Masuda, Naohiro Yoshida Source Type: research

Pulsatile tinnitus caused by pneumocephalus after Janneta surgery
Pulsatile tinnitus of nonvascular origin is rare. We herein present a case of pulsatile tinnitus complicated with Jannetta surgery due to a communication created between the drilled mastoid cells and epidural space. She was successfully cured by otological surgery where the mastoid tip was packed with bone cement. A 68 –year-old woman was referred to the previous hospital with complaints of right autophony, aural fullness, hyperacusis to her footsteps, and pulsatile tinnitus for the past three years. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 22, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ryoukichi Ikeda, Toshiaki Kikuchi, Shunsuke Sato, Hidetoshi Oshima, Yoshinobu Kawamura, Yusuke Kusano, Tetsuaki Kawase, Yukio Katori, Toshimitsu Kobayashi Source Type: research

Comparison of biodegradable synthetic polyurethane foam versus Gelfoam packing in cartilage graft myringoplasty procedures
To compare cartilage graft rates and graft morphologies when biodegradable Synthetic Polyurethane Foam (BSPF) and Gelfoam are used to pack the EAC after cartilage graft myringoplasty. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 22, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Zhengcai Lou Source Type: research

Letter to “Medial lingual lymph node metastasis in carcinoma of the tongue”
We have red with interest the paper from Eguchi et  al. [1] describing lf case of metastasis in a lingual lymph node located in the medial compartment. The case presentation is detailed, and the iconography is excellent. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Alberto Deganello, Vittorio Rampinelli, Tommaso Gualtieri, Alberto Paderno, Pierluigi Bonomo, Michela Buglione di Monale e Bastia Tags: Letter to Editor Source Type: research

Risk of internal carotid injury due to peritonsillar abscess drainage
Peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is one of the most commonly seen ear nose and throat (ENT) emergencies. The most catastrophic complication that may occur due to surgical treatment of PTA is injury of internal carotid artery. The aim of this study is to determine distance and angle between PTA with ICA; and to prevent possible complications. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Hamdi Tasli, Alptug Ozen, Mehmet Ege Akca, Omer Karakoc Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of acute otitis media in children —2018 update
“Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Acute Otitis Media in Children—2018 update (2018 Guidelines)” aim to provide appropriate recommendations about the diagnosis and management of children with acute otitis media (AOM), including recurrent acute otitis media (recur rent AOM), in children under 15 years of age. These evidence-based recommendations were created with the consensus of the subcommittee members, taking into consideration unique characteristics of bacteriology and antimicrobial susceptibilities of AOM pathogens in Japan, as well as global advances in vaccines. (Sourc...
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 20, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tatsuya Hayashi, Ken Kitamura, Sho Hashimoto, Muneki Hotomi, Hiromi Kojima, Fumiyo Kudo, Yumiko Maruyama, Shoichi Sawada, Hidenobu Taiji, Goro Takahashi, Haruo Takahashi, Yoshifumi Uno, Hisakazu Yano Source Type: research

Differences in hearing levels between siblings with hearing loss caused by GJB2 mutations
Hearing loss caused by GJB2 mutations is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner (DFNB1); thus siblings of an affected child have a 25% chance of also being affected. Hearing loss among subsequent siblings carrying the same GJB2 mutation is a concern for parents and a frequent topic of enquiry during genetic counseling. Evidence exists for genotype-phenotype correlations of GJB2 mutations; however, no analysis of differences in hearing among siblings, in whom the common genetic background may decrease variation, has been reported. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 15, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Masato Fujioka, Makoto Hosoya, Kiyomitsu Nara, Noriko Morimoto, Hirokazu Sakamoto, Masahide Otsu, Atsuko Nakano, Yukiko Arimoto, Sawako Masuda, Tomoko Sugiuchi, Shin Masuda, Noriko Morita, Kaoru Ogawa, Kimitaka Kaga, Tatsuo Matsunaga Source Type: research

ENT manifestation in COVID-19 patients
to detect, analyze and discuss the different ear nose throat (ENT) manifestations those were reported in COVID19 positive patients in the reviewed and published literatures. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 15, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Saad Elzayat, Yasser Ahmed Fouad Source Type: research

The diagnostic value of detecting sudden smell loss among asymptomatic COVID-19 patients in early stage: The possible early sign of COVID-19
The newly emerged coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19), is threatening the world. Olfactory or gustatory dysfunction is reported as one of the symptoms worldwide. As reported so far, different clinical features have been reported according to outbreak sites and gender; most of the patients, who complained of anosmia or hyposmia, were Europeans. We had a fast review for novel articles about COVID-19 infection and olfactory function. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yun Jin Kang, Jin Hee Cho, Min Hyeong Lee, Yeon Ji Kim, Chan-Soon Park Source Type: research

Postoperative pain after tonsillectomy – the value of standardized analgesic treatment protocols
To alleviate pain after tonsillectomy (TE) with escalating gradual treatment protocols in a prospective trial. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - June 12, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Antoniu-Oreste Gostian, Johannes Loeser, Christian Tholen, Philipp Wolber, Martin Otte, David Schwarz, Ludwig Maximilian Heindl, Matthias Balk, Magdalena Gostian Tags: Original Article Source Type: research