Modelling schizophrenia: Opportunities and challenges.
Authors: Tandon R, Bruijnzeel DM PMID: 28262180 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - March 7, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Determinants of compulsory admissions in a state psychiatric hospital-Case control study.
CONCLUSIONS: By addressing the modifiable factors like poor social support, poor functional status, and poor compliance to medication, compulsory admissions could be prevented. Since it is found that compulsory admissions are likely to repeat, such patients form a high risk group requiring specific interventions. PMID: 28259634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - March 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Fear of future terrorism: Associated psychiatric burden.
Authors: Abiola T, Udofia O, Sheikh TL, Yusuf DA Abstract BACKGROUND: The mental health burden from fear of future terrorism has not been given much research attention compared to the immediate mental distress such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Such neglected ongoing mental health morbidity associated with threats of terrorism had been described as pre-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSS). OBJECTIVE: The study highlighted this phenomenon (PTSS) in Nigeria by examining the catastrophic burden of the fear of future terrorism and associated psychiatric burden among adult population in Kaduna city. METH...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - February 24, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Caffeine addiction: Need for awareness and research and regulatory measures.
Authors: Jain S, Srivastava AS, Verma RP, Maggu G Abstract Caffeine consumption has been constantly growing in India especially among children and youngsters. Addictive potential of caffeine has long been reported, still there is lack of awareness about caffeine abuse in India. There is an intense need for appropriate public health regulatory measures and awareness about addictive potential & harms related to caffeine. To the best of our knowledge this is first case from India highlighting several important issues with progressive caffeine abuse resulting in dependence leading to physical, psychological, academ...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - February 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Cross cultural variations in psychiatrists' perception of mental illness: A tool for teaching culture in psychiatry.
Authors: Biswas J, Gangadhar BN, Keshavan M Abstract A frequent debate in psychiatry is to what extent major psychiatric diagnoses are universal versus unique across cultures. We sought to identify cultural variations between psychiatrists' diagnostic practices of mental illness in Boston Massachusetts and Bangalore, India. We surveyed psychiatrists to identify differences in how frequently symptoms appear in major mental illness in two culturally and geographically different cities. Indian psychiatrists found somatic symptoms like pain, sleep and appetite to be significantly more important in depression and violen...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Depression among Indian university students and its association with perceived university academic environment, living arrangements and personal issues.
Authors: Deb S, Banu PR, Thomas S, Vardhan RV, Rao PT, Khawaja N Abstract The aim of the study is to ascertain the level of depression among university students across gender, academic stream, semesters, perception of family environment and relationship with parents, academic performance, and family income. In addition, the study examines the association between students' perceived university academic environment, living arrangements, personal issues, and depression. Seven hypotheses were formulated for verification. A total of 717 students were recruited following the multistage cluster sampling method, and data w...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Clozapine, immunosuppressants and renal transplantation.
Authors: Lim AM, Dhillon R, Tibrewal P, Bastiampillai T, Nguyen BD PMID: 27969067 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Psychological characteristics of self-harming behavior in Korean adolescents.
Authors: Lee WK Abstract Recently, self-injury is drawing the attention of researchers and clinicians. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and psychological characteristics of adolescents who engage in self-harm and to examine the risk factors for engaging in this harmful behavior among Korean mid-adolescents. Participants were 784 adolescents aged 13-15 years. They completed self-report questionnaires that assessed (1) Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: the Self-Harm Questionnaire, Toronto Alexithymia Scale; (2) depression: Children's Depression Inventory; (3) adolescent-parent relationship: Parenta...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Are community treatment orders counterproductive?
CONCLUSIONS: This article highlights the shortfalls in the current CTO system while also demonstrating the increase in acute coercive care. The literature pertaining to the effectiveness of CTOs is inconsistent with more recent reviews denoting that there is now robust evidence the CTOs are not effective. Further treatment that aligns with the recovery model as oppose to mandated treatment is known to increase treatment compliance. PMID: 27969069 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Aripiprazole induced Impulse Control Disorders: Where do we stand?
Authors: Mahapatra A, Sharma P, Sagar R PMID: 27969070 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment for Chinese patients with depression: An exploratory study in Taiwan.
Authors: Hung S, Li MS, Chen YL, Chiang JH, Chen YY, Hung GC Abstract Mobile mental health has a potential to improve the recognition and management of Chinese patients with depression. Currently, evidence regarding ecological momentary assessment (EMA) for depressive disorder mostly originates from Western studies. Herein, we examined the validity of smartphone-based EMA for depression in Chinese patients and explored the determinants of use. A smartphone application, iHOPE, was used to perform daily EMA of depression, anxiety, sleep and cognitive performance. Outpatients with depressive disorder were recruited to...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

A study of assessment of sexual dysfunction in male subjects with opioid dependence.
CONCLUSIONS: Sexual dysfunctions are highly prevalent in opioid dependents and this should be addressed properly while assessing and treating a patient of opioid dependence. PMID: 27969072 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Adolescent-parent conflict in the age of social media: Case reports from India.
We present cases of two adolescent girls to highlight adolescent parent conflict that arises in the age of social media in a cultural context. Further, the cases underscore that value systems and culture play an important role in resolution of such conflict. PMID: 27969073 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Assessing catatonia using four different instruments: Inter-rater reliability and prevalence in inpatient clinical population.
Authors: Sarkar S, Sakey S, Mathan K, Bharadwaj B, Kattimani S, Rajkumar RP Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The present study aimed to assess inter-rater reliability and prevalence of catatonia according to four diagnostic methods: Bush Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) both screening and complete scale, Braunig's Catatonia Rating Scale (CRS), ICD 10 and DSM5. METHODS: For inter-rater reliability, different raters evaluated patients using the definitions provides by the four scales: BFCRS Screen and Total, CRS, ICD10 and DSM5. Kippendorff'α was used to compute the inter-rater reliability. Concordance b...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Prevalence, correlates, comorbidity and severity of generalized anxiety disorder in Singapore.
Authors: Lee SP, Sagayadevan V, Abdin E, Vaingankar JA, Chong SA, Subramaniam M Abstract Despite its pervasiveness and associated impairment, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) remains a poorly recognized disorder. Furthermore, given that GAD has been relatively understudied in Asia, the current study examined the prevalence, correlates and co-morbid conditions of this disorder in a multi-ethnic population of Singapore. Data was utilized from the Singapore Mental Health Study (SMHS), a cross-sectional epidemiological survey conducted among the adult population (n=6616) aged 18 years and above. The Composite Interna...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

The impact of IL10 polymorphisms and sHLA-G levels on the risk of schizophrenia.
Authors: Rajasekaran A, Shivakumar V, Kalmady SV, Narayanaswamy JC, Subbana M, Venugopal D, Amaresha AC, Venkatasubramanian G, Debnath M Abstract Early life immune aberrations have strongly been associated with the risk of schizophrenia. Amongst them, inflammation induced neurodevelopmental origin has emerged as one of the widely recognized underlying mechanisms. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an important anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory cytokine. It modulates the expression of another immuno-inhibitory molecule, Human Leukocyte Antigen-G (HLA-G), predominantly expressed at the feto-maternal interface. Under phys...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Trichobezoar (Rapunzel syndrome) in an adolescent patient with Trichotillomania and Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A case report.
Authors: Kumar Bn A, Kumar L N, Thippeswamy J, Rangaswamaiah LN PMID: 27969077 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Sex differentials in the risk factors of post traumatic stress disorder among tsunami survivors in Tamil Nadu, India.
This study assessed if pre disaster, with-in disaster and post disaster factors predicted Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) differently, among men and women survivors of the 2004 Southeast Asian tsunami in Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu, India. PTSD was identified using a validated tool, Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R) among the participants in a cross-sectional community based survey (n=485). Case control analysis of 299 subjects was done to determine the predictors of PTSD. The odds of having PTSD were 6.35 times higher in women than men. Higher odds for PTSD was seen among women who were married, aged over ...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Depression and intimate partner violence among college students in Iran.
This study suggests that IPV prevention and intervention programs should take into consideration that college-aged men and women frequently experience and use violence in dating relationships. Depression interventions should be included for female students. Substance abuse and partner conflict are important risk factors for depression. PMID: 27969079 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Psychological health and menopause-specific quality of life of Malaysian women with type 2 diabetes.
This study investigated the differences in psychological health and menopause-specific quality of life (MENQOL) between women with and without diabetes type 2 (T2DM) in Malaysia. Women with T2DM (n=320) were matched by age range to controls without T2DM (n=320). Data were collected from March 2012 to January 2013. Delusions Symptoms States Inventory (DSSI) instrument was used to identify symptoms of depression and anxiety. Women with diabetes had higher depressive (11.8% versus 8.4%) and anxiety (8.4% versus 6.6%) symptoms compared to women without diabetes. In both groups, the most common menopausal symptom was aches (mus...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitude and social distance practices of young undergraduates towards mental illness in India: A comparative analysis.
This study compared the knowledge, attitude and social distancing practices of the young undergraduate sub-population towards mental illness. A cross-sectional survey was done using a pretested questionnaire, which in addition to demographic details assessed exposure, knowledge, attitude and social distancing practices for mental illnesses. The study included (N=289; 55% Females; Average age 20.5 years) responses from nearly equal number of students from medical, psychology and other courses. Medical students chiefly attributed mental illness to biological factors while students from other courses perceived mental illness ...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, chronic fatigue syndrome or systemic exercise intolerance disease: What's in a name?
Authors: Twisk FN PMID: 27969082 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Health and quality of life among the caregivers of children with disabilities: A review of literature.
Authors: Isa SN, Ishak I, Ab Rahman A, Mohd Saat NZ, Che Din N, Lubis SH, Mohd Ismail MF Abstract Families caring for children with disabilities face particular challenges and demands compared to those caring for children without disabilities. Evidence suggests that there is considerable variation in how caregivers of children with disabilities adapt to their caregiving demands and stressors. The different adaptations to the children with disabilities may cause different impacts on the health and well-being of caregivers. This paper provides a brief overview of the literature on the impact of caring for children wi...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Religious coping among self-harm attempters brought to emergency setting in India.
This study attempted to evaluate religious coping and its correlates among patients presenting with self-harm to an emergency setting and compared it with a healthy control group. Religious coping was assessed using brief RCOPE. Beck Hopelessness Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Barratt Impulsivity Scale, Scale for Suicidal Ideations and Irritability Depression Anxiety scale were used to assess for hopelessness, depression, impulsiveness, suicidal ideations and irritability respectively. The study included 32 subjects with depression and 77 subjects without any psychiatric diagnosis who presented with self-harm and 50 hea...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Auditory P300 event related potentials in acute and transient psychosis-Comparison with schizophrenia.
Authors: Sahoo S, Malhotra S, Basu D, Modi M Abstract BACKGROUND: Limited biological research data are available on acute and transient psychotic disorder (ATPD) vis-à-vis schizophrenia. P300 event related potentials (ERP) have been extensively studied as an important neurophysiological parameter in schizophrenia. However, no P300 ERP studies comparing the two disorders are available. We compared auditory P300 ERP in patients remitted from ATPD with schizophrenia in remission and biologically unrelated healthy controls. METHODS: In this case-control study design, 25 subjects remitted from ATPD were age-/...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Homicide and mental disorder in a region with a high homicide rate.
We examined the characteristics and psychiatric diagnoses of homicide offenders from the Chuvash Republic of the Russian Federation, a region of Russia with a high total homicide rate. In the 30 years between 1981 and 2010, 3414 homicide offenders were the subjected to pre-trial evaluations by experienced psychiatrists, almost half of whom (1596, 46.7%) met the international classification of diseases (ICD) 10 criteria for at least one mental disorder. The six most common individual diagnoses were alcohol dependence (15.9%), acquired organic mental disorder (7.3%), personality disorder (7.1%), schizophrenia (4.4%) and inte...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Forced normalization: An overlooked entity in epileptic patients.
Authors: Topkan A, Bilen S, Titiz AP, Eruyar E, Ak F Abstract The "forced normalization" phenomenon is characterized by acute/subacute onset of psychotic symptoms in the early post-ictal period with dramatic improvement of electrophysiological epileptiform activity. A 56 years old female with going on personality changes, maladaptive behaviours and a mild cognitive impairment since last seizure which was forty-five days ago has been admitted. An evident increase was observed in her maladaptive behaviours with the use of levetiracetam. She began describing visual hallucinations and déjàvu. Co...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Caseness rates and risk factors for depression among Vietnamese cancer patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Caseness rates of depression are significantly elevated by a factor of 10-15 among Vietnamese cancer patients relative to general population epidemiological studies in the same region. Although a number of studies have found that rates of depression tend to be lower in Asian as compared to Western general population samples, depression rates among our Vietnamese cancer patients were similar to those reported among Western cancer patients. This suggests that whatever factors are responsible for the relatively low rates of depression observed in Asian general population samples may not be operating in regards to...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Effectiveness of taking in the good based-bibliotherapy intervention program among depressed Filipino female adolescents.
Authors: Jacob J, De Guzman RG Abstract Adolescent depression is a severe mental health problem. Philippines has the highest incidence of depression in South East Asia. Depressed female adolescents habitually seek and retain negative experiences. Aim of this research was to develop and to assess effectiveness of a Taking in the Good Based-Bibliotherapy Intervention Program for female adolescents. As an innovative type of psychotherapy treatment, program aimed to build up their inner strengths by experiencing, enriching and absorbing daily events with a positive attitude and installing them in brain. Program was con...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Community Treatment Orders-A pause for thought.
This article briefly discusses the evidence before describing potential alternatives to the use of compulsion that do have an evidence base, such as multidisciplinary community working, housing initiatives, and employment support. PMID: 27931888 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Validation of the Bangla Mindful Attention Awareness Scale.
This study tested the reliability, validity and factor structure of the Bangla translated Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). Three scales - the Bangla MAAS, the short form of health 36 (SF-36) and the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) - were applied to 519 university students (51.4% female). Ninety-two participants were retested over a two weeks period to examine test-retest reliability. Consistent with previous studies, the results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed a single factor solution for the Bangla MAAS (χ2/df=222.243/90=2.47, CFI=0.93, NFI=0.87, and RMSEA=0.053). The temporal stability a...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Inpatients with major depressive disorder: Psychometric properties of the new Multidimensional Depression Scale.
This study aimed to evaluate the factor structure and psychometric properties of the NMDS in a group of Iranian inpatients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). At first, the scale was translated into Persian and used as part of a battery consisting of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). The battery was administered to 271 inpatients with MDD (90 men and 181 women) aged from 18 to 60 who had been referred to psychiatric hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Persian version of the NMDS upheld...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

A systematic review of anxiety prevalence in adults within primary care and community settings in Malaysia.
CONCLUSION: This study provides a broad overview of the prevalence of anxiety disorders in Malaysia. More research is required to develop diagnostic instruments that are validated for local use and comparable with international standards. Reliable prevalence estimates are lacking within certain groups, e.g. those in rural, indigenous, migrant population groups and those exposed to natural disasters. PMID: 27931891 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Computerised psychotherapy for children and adolescents: Opportunities and challenges.
Authors: Gnanavel S PMID: 27931892 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Decline in the severity or the incidence of schizophrenia in Japan: A survey of university students.
Authors: Fuse-Nagase Y, Miura J, Namura I, Sato T, Yasumi K, Marutani T, Sugita Y Abstract Clinical manifestations of schizophrenia are believed to be becoming less severe in Japan, but little evidence supports this theory. We investigated the percentages of undergraduate students attending national universities in Japan who required temporary leave and who dropped out because of schizophrenia in the academic years 1986-1987, 1994-1995, and 2013-2014. The percentages of students who required temporary leave and those who dropped out because of schizophrenia significantly decreased over time. The severity of clinica...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Off-label drug use in psychiatry: A retrospective audit in a tertiary care hospital.
Authors: Sridharan K, Arora K, Chaudhary S PMID: 27931894 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Self-stigma in depressive patients: Association of cognitive schemata, depression, and self-esteem.
This study examined the relationship of self-stigma with cognitive schemata, depression, and self-esteem in depressive patients. Furthermore, structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to evaluate three hypothetical models. Study participants were 110 patients with depression (54 men, 56 women; mean age=45.65years, SD=12.68; 83 diagnosed with mood disorders; 22 with neurotic, stress-related, or somatoform disorders; and 5 with other disorders) attending a psychiatric service. Outcomes were measured using the Japanese versions of the Devaluation-Discrimination Scale, Dysfunctional Attitude Scale, Center for Epidemiolo...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Relationship between coping flexibility and the risk of depression in Indian adults.
Authors: Kato T Abstract According to the dual-process theory of coping flexibility, coping flexibility is the ability to discontinue an ineffective coping strategy and produce and implement an alternative coping strategy. In order to test the coping flexibility hypothesis, which posits that flexible coping produces adaptive outcomes, the relationship between coping flexibility and the risk of depression was examined in the context of Indian adults. Participants (150 men and 150 women) answered questionnaires measuring coping flexibility and depressive symptoms. The risk of depression was assessed using a Patient H...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Is suicide reporting in Indian newspapers responsible? A study from Rajasthan.
CONCLUSION: Suicide reporting in India is largely irresponsible and efforts should be made to sensitise media personnel in this regard. PMID: 27931897 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Cross-cultural differences on Gunas and other well-being dimensions.
Authors: Singh K, Jain A, Kaur J, Junnarkar M, Slezackova A Abstract Indian perspective of human nature and personality are often viewed through a trigunas perspective-Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. The current study investigated the triadic gunas and well-being dimensions across 3 nations India (n=493; 194 males and 299 females; mean age=21.73 years, SD=3.23), USA (n=302; 80 males and 222 females; mean age=22.90years, SD=2.78) and Czech Republic (n=353; 67 males and 286 females; mean age=22.29years, SD=2.29) with a total of 1148 participants. Triguna Personality (Vedic Personality inventory) and well- being dimensions m...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Happiness among HIV-positive indian adults: Examining stress-related growth and coping as predictors of positive psychological adjustment.
Authors: Chang EC, Yu T, Jilani Z, Chang OD, Du Y, Hirsch JK, Kamble SV PMID: 27931899 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Dimensions of schizophrenia and their time course of response to a second generation antipsychotic olanzapine-A clinical study.
CONCLUSIONS: Olanzapine produced reduction in all dimensions, but the pace of responding of individual dimensions differed. Longer-term studies comparing SGAs with first generation antipsychotics are needed. PMID: 27931900 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Auditory false perception in schizophrenia: Development and validation of auditory signal detection task.
In this study, we describe the development of an auditory signal detection task using a carefully chosen set of English words that could be tested successfully in schizophrenia patients coming from varying linguistic, cultural and social backgrounds. Schizophrenia patients with significant auditory hallucinations (N=15) and healthy controls (N=15) performed the auditory signal detection task wherein they were instructed to differentiate between a 5-s burst of plain white noise and voiced-noise. The analysis showed that false alarms (p=0.02), discriminability index (p=0.001) and decision bias (p=0.004) were significantly di...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Effectiveness of blonanserin for patients with drug treatment-resistant schizophrenia and dopamine supersensitivity: A retrospective analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Blonanserin may be a promising antipsychotic for the treatment of TRS and DSP. PMID: 27931902 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Spatial compatibility and affordance compatibility in patients with chronic schizophrenia.
Authors: Kume Y, Sato F, Hiraoka Y, Suzuki S, Niyama Y Abstract A deterioration in information-processing performance is commonly recognized in patients with chronic schizophrenia. Although the enhancement of cognitive skills in patients with schizophrenia is important, the types of external stimuli that influence performance have not received much attention. The aim of present study was to clarify the effects of spatial and affordance compatibility in patients with schizophrenia, compared with those in healthy people. The subjects (25 patients with schizophrenia and 25 healthy controls) participated in two experim...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Effect of lithium on thyroid function in adolescents with mood disorder.
CONCLUSION: Adolescent mood disorder patients on long term lithium therapy have increased thyroid volume and isolated increases in serum TSH levels compared to those on other mood stabilizers. PMID: 27931904 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Ethnic differences in the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy combined with medication: Comparing Asian American and white psychiatric patients.
In conclusion, the findings from this study provide preliminary cross-cultural support for CBT combined with medication as a treatment in partial hospital settings and suggest that the effectiveness of such treatments is similar across cultural groups. PMID: 27931905 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Burnout in Japanese residents and its associations with temperament and character.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the TCI can predict not only the risk for future depressive state but also the risk for future burnout. We feel it is important for the resident education system to identify residents with these temperament and character traits and to help high-risk residents avoid burnout and depressive state. PMID: 27931906 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Return of the psychedelics: Psilocybin for treatment resistant depression.
Authors: Patra S Abstract Psilocybin, the clinically most researched classic psychedelic has recently been tested for its safety and efficacy in a clinical population of treatment resistant depression. The efficacy of psilocybin in clinical depression previously demonstrated in the elecrophysiologic and neuroimaging findings as also in neuropsychological assessments is further validated by the findings of this rigorously conducted randomized trial. Mechanism of action of psilocybin and efficacy in treatment resistant depression are discussed in this paper. Ethical issues of conducting clinical trials with psychedel...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

The efficacy of atomoxetine in treating adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A meta-analysis of controlled trials.
Authors: Ravishankar V, Chowdappa SV, Benegal V, Muralidharan K Abstract Atomoxetine, a non-stimulant, is FDA approved drug used in the management of adult ADHD. Since the presentation of adult ADHD is different from the childhood onset condition, there is an urgent need to study the efficacy of atomoxetine on the different symptom domains of adult ADHD. To study the efficacy of atomoxetine in treating adult ADHD compared to placebo, we performed a Medline search for English language publications of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) comparing atomoxetine to placebo for adult ADHD using the keywords "adult AD...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research