Effects of dietary and health factors on nutritional status of children in pastoral settings in Borana, southern Ethiopia, August –October 2015
ConclusionsThe high prevalence of stunting among pastoral children is a serious public health concern and calls for urgent action. Association of nutritional status of children with dietary intake, and health status, access to health services and toilet availability underlines the need for improved nutrition practices, health care facilities and sanitary conditions in the study area. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Use of artificial intelligence for public health surveillance: a case study to develop a machine Learning-algorithm to estimate the incidence of diabetes mellitus in France
ConclusionsSupervised ML is an innovative tool for the development of new methods to exploit large health administrative databases. In context of InfAct project, we have developed and applied the first time a generic ML-algorithm to estimate the incidence of diabetes for public health surveillance. The ML-algorithm we have developed, has a moderate performance. The next step is to apply this algorithm on SNDS to estimate the incidence of type 2 diabetes cases. More research is needed to apply various MLTs to estimate the incidence of various health conditions. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and predictors of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in east Africa: evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies published from 2005 to 2020
We examined 37 full published research articles found using PubMed, Scopus, African Journal Online (AJOL), and Google Scholar between May and October 2020. Dichotomous data on HBV prevalence and predictors of infection were extracted from the individual studies. The HBV prevalence, test of proportion, relative risk, and I2 statistics for heterogeneity were calculated using MedCalc software version 19.1.3. Begg ’s tests was used to test for publication bias. Sources of heterogeneity were analysed through sensitivity analysis, meta-regression, and sub-group analysis at 95% CI.P 
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of coxsackievirus A16 antibody among people of various age groups: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsThe seroprevalence of CoxA16 antibody was closely related to age. Children under 5 years old were the main susceptible groups for CoxA16 and also the key groups for the prevention and control of HFMD. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A cross-sectional survey of a public, evidence-based multimodal program for cognitive health in older adults
ConclusionsThe results reveal the potential of a public program with a multimodal approach to increase cognitive health and promote an active lifestyle. Further research will explore the effects of such a multimodal intervention in a longitudinal randomized controlled trial study. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

On the timing of interventions to preserve hospital capacity: lessons to be learned from the Belgian SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in 2020
AbstractUsing publicly available data on the number of new hospitalisations we use a newly developed statistical model to produce a phase portrait to monitor the epidemic allowing for assessing whether or not intervention measures are needed to keep hospital capacity under control. The phase portrait is called acliquets ’ diagram, referring to the discrete alarm phases it points to. Using this cliquets ’ diagram we show that intervention measures were associated with an effective mitigation of a Summer resurgence but that too little too late was done to prevent a large autumn wave in Belgium. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Payment mechanism for institutional births in Nepal
ConclusionsFamilies still make out of pocket expenditure for institutional birth with a large proportion attributed to hospital care. OOPE for institutional births varied by duration of stay and mode of birth. Given the near universal coverage of incentive scheme, there is a need to review the amount of re-imbursement done to women based on duration of stay and mode of birth. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exposure to interparental violence and justification of intimate partner violence among women in sexual unions in sub-Saharan Africa
ConclusionThe findings call for several strategies for addressing interparental violence. These may include empowerment services targeting both men and women, formation of stronger social networks to improve women ’s self-confidence, and the provision of evidence-based information and resources at the community level. These interventions should pay critical attention to young people exposed to interparental violence. Public health education and messaging should emphasise on the negative health and social im plications of interparental violence and IPV. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Long-acting reversible contraception utilization and associated factors among women in extended postpartum period in southern Ethiopia
AbstractBackgroundPostpartum long-acting reversible contraceptive is important to prevent unintended and closed spaced pregnancy following the first 12  months of childbirth. Few data were available on postpartum long-acting reversible contraceptive use in Ethiopia. So, this study aimed to assess the long-acting reversible contraception use and associated factors among women who gave birth in the last 12 months.MethodsA community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from October 1st to November 2019. Systematic random sampling was applied to recruit a total of 416 study participants. Data were collected ...
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding the mechanisms generating outcomes in a Danish peer support intervention for socially vulnerable people with type 2-diabetes: a realist evaluation
ConclusionsWe identified two groups of mechanisms that improved the peers ’ diabetes self-management and use of healthcare services. The mechanisms only generated the intended outcomes if peers’ individual contextual factors facilitated an active interaction with the elements of the intervention. However, independent of these contextual factors, a third group of mecha nisms increased self-care awareness among all peers. We highlight the importance of contextual awareness of the target groups in the design and evaluation of peer support interventions for socially vulnerable people with type 2-diabetes.Trial regi...
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A mixed-methods study exploring adherence to the referral of severely sick children in primary health care in Southern Ethiopia
ConclusionsWe found that the healthcare providers ’ adherence to referral guidelines was not optimal. Care providers and parents had divergent opinions on parents’ compliance with referral advice. Factors related to the health system, family economy, and available ambulance services influence whether care providers and parents pursued severely ill children’s referral. Adequate referral of sick children is an aspect of primary healthcare quality that is essential to avoid unnecessary under-five deaths. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Magnitude and associated factors of caesarean section deliveries among women who gave birth in Southwest Ethiopia: institutional-based cross-sectional study
AbstractBackgroundCaesarean section is a life-saving comprehensive obstetric procedure of women and newborn performed during childbirth-related complications and should be universally accessible for all pregnant mothers globally. Appropriate use of caesarean section can reduce maternal and perinatal mortality. However, inappropriate use of caesarean section can negatively affect infant health, women health, and future pregnancies. The magnitude and factors associated with caesarean section delivery were not consistent and will vary between different hospitals of Ethiopia. Hence, this study aimed at assessing the magnitude ...
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cervical cancer screening using HPV tests on self-samples: attitudes and preferences of women participating in the VALHUDES study
ConclusionWe conclude that both urine and vaginal self-sampling are well accepted by women, with a preference for urine sampling. Although the large majority of women are confident in their ability to perform self-sampling, four to five over ten women preferred specimen collection by a clinician.Trial registrationThe study VALHUDES was registered inClinicalTrials.gov (identifier:NCT03064087). (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A pooled prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in South Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol
DiscussionThe pooled prevalence estimate will assist the government and other stakeholders (such as non-profit organisations and researchers) to plan and prioritise prevention and management interventions.Systematic review registrationThe protocol has been registered with PROSPERO (registration number:CRD42020197979). (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Socio-economic inequalities in the chronic diseases management among Chinese adults aged 45  years and above: a cross sectional study
AbstractBackgroundsNon-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become a priority public health issue. The aim of this study was to examine whether socio-economic inequalities exist in chronic disease management among Chinese adults, and whether the relationship between SES and chronic disease management mediated by social capital.MethodsWe used combined data from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). A total of 19,291 subjects, including 14,905 subjects from 2011 survey, 2036 subjects from 2013, and 2350 subjects from 2015 was included in this study.ResultsSubjects living in urban setting, with higher educatio...
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing parents ’ awareness about children’s “first thousand days of life”: a descriptive and analytical study
This study aimed to examine the awareness of parents concerning the “first thousand days of life” and the relationship between parents’ demog raphics and their awareness.MethodsThis study was conducted on 135 parents in Kerman, Iran, using a valid and reliable questionnaire developed by researchers based on the opinion of experts and relevant references. The relationship between participants ’ demographics and their awareness was examined by multiple regression. The relationship between homogeneity of couples’ education degree and awareness was analyzed using ANOVA. Chi-square was used to exam...
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Substance use and HIV stage at entry into care among people with HIV
ConclusionEarly entry into care among those with substance use suggests that HIV testing may be differentially offered to people with known HIV risk factors, and that individuals with substances use disorders may be more likely to be tested and linked to care due to increased interactions with the healthcare system. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Spatial distribution and determinants of iron supplementation among pregnant women in Ethiopia: a spatial and multilevel analysis
(Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Maternal age at first childbirth and under-five morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa: analysis of cross-sectional data of 32 countries
In this study, the association between maternal age at first childbirth and under-five morbidity in SSA was examined.MethodsThis was a cross-sectional study involving nationally-representative data from the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 32 countries in SSA from 2010 to 2019. A sample size of 311,603 mothers of children under-five was considered. The outcome variable for this study was under-five morbidity. This variable was derived from the experience of fever, cough, and diarrhoea among children under-five. Both multilevel and binary logistic regression models were used to test the hypothesis tha...
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Breast self-examination practice among women in Africa: a systematic review and Meta-analysis
ConclusionThis systematic review and meta-analysis revealed that breast self-examination practice among women in Africa was low. Therefore, intensive behavioral change communication and interventions that emphasize different domains should be given by stakeholders.PROSPERO registration numberCRD42020119373. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Optimal strategies for COVID-19 prevention from global evidence achieved through social distancing, stay at home, travel restriction and lockdown: a systematic review
ConclusionSocial distancing, stay at home, travel restriction and lockdown are effective to COVID-19 prevention. The strategies need to be obligatory, initiated early, implemented in large scale, and for a longer period of time. Combinations of the programs are more effective. However, the income of individuals should be guaranteed and supported. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disability and COVID-19: ensuring no one is left behind
AbstractThe United Nations ’ Sustainable Development Agenda calls for targeted attention to the needs and rights of the most vulnerable populations to ensure a life of dignity and human security for all. In this paper, we argue that persons with disabilities are in a disproportionately vulnerable situation in public health emergencies. By using the example of Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), we explain why that is and call for the systematic consideration of the needs and rights of persons with disabilities during the response to the outbreak and during the recovery phase. Otherwise, equity will continue to be me...
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Rapid establishment of a national surveillance of COVID-19 hospitalizations in Belgium
(Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Availability and use of personal protective equipment and satisfaction of healthcare professionals during COVID-19 pandemic in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
ConclusionsA critical shortage of appropriate PPE and high level of dissatisfaction with the availability and use of PPE were identified. Therefore, urgent efforts are needed to adequately supply the healthcare facilities with appropriate PPE to alleviate the challenges. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study on the impact of the prevention and control response of the COVID-19 pandemic on minor ’s orthopedic trauma in Shanghai
ConclusionThe prevention and control response for the pandemic of COVID-19 can reduce the incidence of orthopedic trauma in minors by strengthening the guardian ’s care and restricting children’s outdoor activities. With the control of the pandemic, the amount of orthopedic trauma in minors will not be affected by low-level prevention and control. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Citizens, doctors, politicians - who ´s an expert in times of COVID-19? A survey in Austria and Germany
ConclusionsOur survey shows a broad spectrum of opinions and the associated general uncertainty about the risk factors for infection and a severe course of disease across the groups. Profound knowledge of politicians and experts is of high relevance to provide the public with valid information to ensure cooperation fighting the pandemic.Trial registrationhttps://apps.who.int/trialsearch/ (ID: DRKS00022166). Registered 15 June 2020. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Spatial distribution and determinants of iron supplementation among pregnant women in Ethiopia: a spatial and multilevel analysis
AbstractBackgroundMaternal anemia continues as a global public health concern particularly in developing countries including Ethiopia. It is associated with an increased risk of maternal death, obstetric complications, preterm birth, and low birth weight. Even though maternal anemia is the commonest problem in Ethiopia, there is limited evidence on the spatial distribution and determinants of iron supplementation. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the spatial distribution and determinants of iron supplementation among pregnant women in Ethiopia.MethodA secondary data analysis was conducted based on the 2016 Ethiop...
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

“… I would have left that man long time ago but, …” exploring circumstances of and motivators for repeat adolescent birth in Eastern Uganda
ConclusionRepeat adolescent birth in Uganda is premised around attempts to address the economic distress precipitated by first birth. Many women want to delay that repeat birth but the challenges robbed them of their reproductive autonomy. Beyond efforts to prevent first birth, programs need to address economic empowerment, ensure contraceptive access, and school re-integration for adolescent mothers in order to prevent shortly-spaced repeat births. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health professional ’s job satisfaction and its determinants in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractBackgroundHealth professional ’s job satisfaction is directly related to patient satisfaction and quality of care. Without satisfied health professionals the health system is not functional, and the national and global health related plans are not achieved. However, little is known on the level of health professional’s job s atisfaction in sub Saharan African countries including Ethiopia. In addition, in Ethiopia there is no summarized evidence helped us an input to design strategies. Therefore, we aimed to assess the pooled prevalence of health professional’s job satisfaction and its determinants...
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Abortion care in a pandemic: an analysis of the number and social profile of people requesting and receiving abortion care during the first COVID-19 lockdown (March 16 to June 14, 2020) in Flanders, Belgium
ConclusionQuestions arose concerning the potential selectivity with which COVID-19 influenced the need for abortion care and accessibility to services. Although there was a general drop in abortion requests and procedures during the first COVID-19 lockdown in the studied abortion centre, our results suggest that the profile of people requesting and receiving an abortion did only slightly change during the lockdown, and did not affect vulnerable groups visibly harder. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Self-harm prevalence and associated factors among street children in Mashhad, North East of Iran
ConclusionsThe prevalence of self-harming in street children is significantly high. Some of these children are in more high-risk conditions that face them to suffer from self-harming at a younger age. Family factors are more important in predicting self-harming and community health decision-makers should provide educational interventions and psychological support for these children and their families. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - August 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Burden of non-communicable diseases in Cyprus, 1990 –2017: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study
ConclusionDespite a decrease in the burden of NCDs over the period from 1990 to 2017, NCDs are still a major public health challenge. Implementation of interventions and early detection screening programmes of modifiable NCD risk factors are needed to reduce occurrence and exacerbation of leading causes of NCDs in the Cypriot population. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 29, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pregnancy complications, substance abuse, and prenatal care predict birthweight in adolescent mothers
ConclusionsAmong high-risk adolescent mothers, both biological factors, such as pregnancy complications, and behavioural factors amenable to intervention, such as substance abuse and insufficient prenatal care, seem to contribute to reduced birthweight in their children, a predisposing factor for poorer health outcomes later in life. More tailored intervention programmes targeting the specific needs of this high-risk group are needed. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 29, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Observed magnitude and trends in socioeconomic and geographic area inequalities in obesity prevalence among non-pregnant women in Chad: evidence from three waves of Chad demographic and health surveys
ConclusionThe study showed socioeconomic and area-based obesity inequalities that disfavored women in higher socioeconomic status and residing in urban areas. Prevention of obesity prevalence should be government and stakeholders ’ priority through organizing the evidence, health promotion and prevention interventions for at risk population and general population. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

“I was eating more fruits and veggies than I have in years”: a mixed methods evaluation of a fresh food prescription intervention
AbstractBackgroundFood insecurity is associated with poor nutritional health outcomes. Prescribing fresh fruits and vegetables in healthcare settings may be an opportunity to link patients with community supports to promote healthy diets and improve food security. This mixed methods study evaluated the impacts of a fresh food prescription pilot program.MethodsThe study took place at two Community Health Centre locations in Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Sixty food insecure patients with ≥1 cardio-metabolic condition or micronutrient deficiency participated in the intervention. Participants were prescribed 12 weekly vouchers t...
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding the complexities of antibiotic prescribing behaviour in acute hospitals: a systematic review and meta-ethnography
ConclusionsThis first meta-ethnography of doctors` experiences of antibiotic prescribing in acute hospital settings has enabled development of a novel conceptual model enhancing understanding of appropriate antibiotic prescribing. That is, hospital antibiotic prescribing is a complex, context-dependent and dynamic process, entailing the balancing of many tensions. To change practice, comprehensive efforts are needed to manage failures in communication and information provision, promote distribution of responsibility for antibiotic decisions, and reduce fear of consequences from not prescribing.Trial registrationPROSPERO re...
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Women ’s knowledge and attitude towards cervical cancer preventive measures and associated factors In South Gondar Zone, Amhara Region, North Central Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
AbstractBackgroundCervical cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women in Ethiopia, often due to late disease diagnosis. Early prevention of cancer has been shown to be the most effective measure against the disease. Scientific evidences indicate that lack of awareness towards cervical cancer is a barrier to prevention strategies. Therefore, the aim of the current research was to assess women ’s knowledge and attitudes towards cervical cancer preventions in South Gondar zone.MethodsA community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in South Gondar zone, Ethiopia. The study sample comprised 8...
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with length of stay and treatment outcome of Ebola patients treated at an Ebola treatment center in Sierra Leone during the peak period of the West African Ebola outbreak 2013 –2016
ConclusionThe high LOS for either treatment outcome for EVD patients that resided in the district in which the EVD treatment facility was located compared to those patients from other districts implies that health authorities should consider intensive health education with high priority given to seeking early EVD treatment, and the construction of strategic ETCs as important components in their response strategy. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health insurance enrollment strategies during the Affordable Care Act  (ACA): a scoping review on what worked and for whom
ConclusionCommunity-based organizations were likely to use a combination of the three strategies simultaneously to reach uninsured individuals and directly help them enroll for health insurance. Other organizations that aimed to reach a wider segment of the population used single strategies, such as community outreach or HE&P. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Measuring functioning and disability using household surveys: metric properties of the brief version of the WHO and World Bank model disability survey
ConclusionGiven the scarcity of valid functioning and disability modules for household surveys, the Brief MDS represents a milestone in disability measurement. The Brief MDS is currently used by countries to monitor disability trends over time, which is especially important to evaluate the impact of health policies and public health interventions, to disaggregate indicators of the Sustainable Development Goals, and to monitor the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Depression remains a neglected public health problem among pregnant women in Northwest Ethiopia
ConclusionNearly a quarter of pregnant women suffer from depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Being single; fear of pregnancy complication; history of chronic illness; unplanned pregnancy; history of stillbirth; one or more negative life events and intimate partner violence were important predictors of antenatal depression in this study. Health care workers should consider addressing these risk factors during a routine antenatal care. Also, integrating early screening, detection, and treatment of antenatal depression into routine antenatal care is warranted to improve the quality of life of pregnant women and pregnancy ou...
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Medication safety knowledge, attitude, and practice among hospital pharmacists in tertiary care hospitals in Saudi Arabia: a multi-center study
ConclusionSurveyed pharmacists from Riyadh hospitals showed narrow knowledge of the PV field. However, a positive attitude and satisfactory practice was observed among pharmacists. These findings warrant the need for educational programs and an encouraging environment for ADR reporting to increase ADR reporting rates and support PV activities in Saudi Arabia. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trends and socioeconomic factors in smoking and alcohol consumption among Chinese people: evidence from the 2008 –2018 National Health Service Surveys in Jiangsu Province
ConclusionOur research can provide important evidences for tobacco and alcohol control in China and other similar developing countries. Preventive measures such as education and support services along with stricter regulations for tobacco and alcohol use are needed to improve public health in China. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Recommendations to plan a national burden of disease study
ConclusionsThese recommendations as minimum requirements would facilitate efforts by those European countries who intend to perform national BoD studies. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 PCR and antibody testing for an entire rural community: methods and feasibility of high-throughput testing procedures
ConclusionsHigh-volume ascertainment of SARS-CoV-2 prevalence by PCR and antibody testing was feasible when conducted in a community-led, drive-through model in a non-urban area. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Socio-economic and geographical inequalities in adolescent fertility rate in Ghana, 1993 –2014
ConclusionsThis study has indicated the existence of inequality in adolescent fertility rate in Ghana, with higher ferlitiy rates among adolescent girls who are poor, uneducated, rural residents and those living in regions such as Northern, Brong Ahafo, and Central region, with increasing disparity over the time period of the study. There is the need for policy interventions that target adolescent girls residing in the rural areas and those in the low socioeconomic subgroups to enable the country to avert the high maternal/newborn morbidity and mortality usually associated with adolescent childbearing. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with childhood diarrheal in Ethiopia; a multilevel analysis
ConclusionThe incidence of childhood diarrhea was different from cluster to clusters in Ethiopia. Therefore, integrated child health intervention programs including provisions of toilet facility, access to a clean source of drinking water, educate parents about the importance of breastfeeding and vaccination have to be strongly implemented in order to reduce the high incidence of childhood diarrhea among children in Ethiopia. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Establishing a controlled hookworm human infection (CHHI) model for Africa: A report from the stakeholders meeting held in Lambar éné, Gabon, November 10–11, 2019
ConclusionThe workshop addressed several of the anticipated hurdles to the successful implementation of CHHI in Gabon. It is our aim that this report will stimulate interest in the implementation of this model in the sub-Saharan African setting. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The effect of antenatal depression on birth weight among newborns in South Gondar zone, Northwest Ethiopia: a population-based prospective cohort study
AbstractBackgroundThere is a high prevalence of antenatal depression and low birth weight (LBW) (
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Levels of physical activity in four domains and affective wellbeing before and during the Covid-19 pandemic
ConclusionsOverall, our findings suggest that physical activity plays a particularly important role in the pandemic period as a protective factor against poor mental health. Especially sports and exercise seem to be supportive and should be encouraged, e.g. by providing additional support in finding adequate outdoor, home-based or digital substitutes. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - July 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research