Tabari Cohort Profile and Preliminary Results in Urban Areas and Mountainous Regions of Mazandaran, Iran.
CONCLUSION: The Tabari cohort is different from other cohorts in terms of levels of risk factors associated with NCDs. This study has certain important strengths including its population-based design and large sample size that provides a valid platform for conducting future investigations and trials. A biobank that has been designed to store blood, nail, hair and urine samples for future research is another strength of this study. Researchers who are interested in using the information can refer to the following web page: http://persiancohort.com. PMID: 31356093 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Kheradmand M, Moosazadeh M, Saeedi M, Poustchi H, Eghtesad S, Esmaeili R, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Hedayatizadeh-Omran A, Nikaeein R, Rafiei A, Janbabaee G, Kashi Z, Sohrab M, Shirzad AhooDashti M, Afshari M, Golpour B, Aarabi M, Maleki I, Tirgar Fakheri H, Gha Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

National Trauma Registry of Iran: A Pilot Phase at a Major Trauma Center in Tehran.
CONCLUSION: After successful implementation of NTRI at a major trauma center in Tehran, RTC was identified as the main cause of admission. Most patients were young men. The mean time interval between injury occurrence and hospital admission was too long. These findings could be used to improve quality of trauma care and formulate targeted preventive strategies. PMID: 31356094 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Sharif-Alhoseini M, Zafarghandi M, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Heidari Z, Naghdi K, Bahrami S, Koohi-Habibi S, Laal M, Moradi A, Ghodsi Z, Khormali M, Abdolhoseinzadeh M, Khaleghi-Nekou M, Salamati P Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

National and Sub-National Pediatric Cancer Mortality in Iran, 2000-2015.
CONCLUSION: Although the overall mortalities have decreased, there is still inequality in the distribution of the recorded deaths. This inequality should be addressed with the improvement of the quality of care and better access to pediatric hospitals and oncologists in these areas. PMID: 31356095 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Rezaei N, Pishgar F, Yoosefi M, Sheidaei A, Saeedi Moghaddam S, Mansouri A, Tahernia L, Naderimagham S, Modirian M, Pazhuheian F, Rezaei N, Namazi Shabestari A, Kompani F, Farzadfar F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Comparing Anthropometric Indicators of Visceral and General Adiposity as Determinants of Overall and Cardiovascular Mortality.
CONCLUSION: Indicators of visceral adiposity (e.g., hip-adjusted WC) were much stronger predictors of overall and cardiovascular mortality than were indicators of general adiposity (e.g., BMI). The full-strength effect of visceral adiposity becomes apparent only when both WC, as a risk factor, and hip circumference, as a protective factor, are individually and simultaneously taken into consideration. PMID: 31356096 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nalini M, Sharafkhah M, Poustchi H, Sepanlou SG, Pourshams A, Radmard AR, Khoshnia M, Gharavi A, Dawsey SM, Abnet CC, Boffetta P, Brennan P, Sotoudeh M, Nikmanesh A, Merat S, Etemadi A, Shakeri R, Malekzadeh R, Kamangar F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Audit of the Congenital Hypothyroidism Screening Program in 15 Provinces of Iran.
CONCLUSION: Main indicators of the screening program have reached the optimal goals defined by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education. However, high false positive rate and non-optimal neonatal TSH distribution values necessitate readdressing these challenging issues. PMID: 31356097 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mehran L, Yarahmadi S, Khalili D, Hedayati M, Amouzegar A, Mousapour P, Ajang N, Azizi F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Research Performance in Stem Cell Science and Regenerative Medicine in Iran: A National Comprehensive Observation.
CONCLUSION: Stem cell research in Iran is rapidly developing. Since 2007, the number of published documents in major research institutes increased; thus, there is necessity for analysis of the status of publications in this field and choosing a better direction based on needs. Furthermore, it is necessary to expand and organize international collaborations to enrich our research and benefit from different team experiences. PMID: 31356098 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Saberi S, Karamzadeh R, Moghadam P, Kadivari M, Eghbal Behbahani B, Heydari Z, Baharvand H, Aminpour F, Vosough M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity and Risk of Gastrointestinal Cancers: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Observational Studies.
CONCLUSION: This study indicated that dietary TAC significantly decreased the risk of GI cancers. Nevertheless, further prospective studies are required to clarify the association between dietary TAC and risk of GI cancers. PMID: 31356099 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Zamani B, Daneshzad E, Azadbakht L Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Evans Syndrome with Acute Kidney Injury.
Abstract Evans syndrome is a rare syndrome associated with the simultaneous or sequential development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Furthermore, acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome characterized by the rapid loss of kidney excretory function and is most often secondary to extrarenal events. However, AKI has rarely been recorded in Evans syndrome without systemic autoimmune disease and malignant tumors of the blood and lymphatic system. Herein, we report the case of a patient who exhibited Evans syndrome presenting with AKI. A 73-year-old woman presented wi...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Lin H, Wu K, Zhang W, Lin G, Cai C Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Management Options and Outcome of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation in Pregnancy: Case Series.
Abstract Cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare entity with an estimated prevalence of 0.01-0.05% in the general population. We reviewed hospital obstetric records during 2010-2017 and reported a case series of six patients with cerebral AVM in pregnancy, of which five patients had successful pregnancy, and one maternal mortality. PMID: 31356101 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Teik CK, Basri NI, Abdul Karim AK, Azrai Abu M, Ahmad MF, Abdul Ghani NA, Hing EY, Zakaria R, A/L Thanabalan J, Abu Bakar A, Mohamed Ismail NA Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

A Biographical History of Some Iranian Pioneers in Medical Immunology and Allergy.
Abstract The oldest literature that mentioned the immunity was related to the plague of Athens in 430 BC. The germ theory had more influence on the description of the discrimination between self and non-self which is the core concept of immunology. Allergic diseases were known from 2,000 years ago while Rhazes wrote the first medical monograph about seasonal allergic rhinitis. In Iran, Dr. Mohammad Kermanshahi introduced the basic concepts of serology in 1900. The first Department of Serology was established at Tehran University, Faculty of Medicine in 1951 by Prof. Dr. Hassan Mirdamadi. After that, immunology ent...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Jafari R, Ranjbar AR, Farid Hosseini R Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Prevalence of Human T-lymphotropic Virus Type 1 (HTLV-1) Infection in Patients with Different Etiologies.
PMID: 31356103 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ghaffari J Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Prevalence of Human T-lymphotropic Virus Type 1 (HTLV-1) Infection in Different Geographical Locations.
PMID: 31356104 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Jalaeikhoo H, Naghoosi H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Psychiatric Disorders in Children and Adolescents in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Iran, 2017.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that psychiatric disorders affect a significant number of children and adolescents. Prevalence estimates and identification of sources of heterogeneity have important implications to service providers and modifications are needed in mental health services in the community. PMID: 31256593 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Safavi P, Mohammadi MR, Khaleghi A, Mostafavi SA, Taheri S, Shahbazi K, Solati K Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Intravenous Immunoglobin Utilization Study in a Teaching Hospital.
CONCLUSION: One important aspects of this study was the use of IVIG in cases other than on-label indications. Although a number of studies support IVIG therapy in some diseases, further trials are needed to establish efficacy and safety in these fields. PMID: 31256594 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Rezaie N, Shajareh E, Motamed MR, Ghanbari B, Pakdaman N, Farasatinasab M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Is the Charlson Comorbidity Index a Prognostic Indicator for Toxicity and Mortality in Elderly Patients with Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer?
dil;in İ, Zengin N Abstract BACKGROUND: Aging is significantly related to multiple comorbidities. Even with a good performance score, some elderly patients may have poor survival outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) for mortality and toxicity in elderly patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). METHODS: Seventy-two elderly patients with LARC who were treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) were included. Based on their CCI score, severity of the comorbidity was categorized into 2 groups: CCI
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Köstek O, Bozkaya Y, Hacıoğlu MB, Yıldırım Özdemir N, Yılmaz E, Demircan NC, Erdoğan B, Uzunoğlu S, Çiçin İ, Zengin N Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Optimization of RT-qPCR for Detection of Aichi Virus in Sewage and River Water Samples in Karaj, Iran.
CONCLUSION: Our results, for the first time, indicate that AiVs have been circulating in Iran. PMID: 31256596 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Azhdar Z, Ghaderi M, Mousavi-Nasab SD Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Effect of Various Degrees of Chronic Kidney Disease on Long-term Outcome of Patients with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.
Abstract BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify the association of degree of renal failure in chronic kidney disease patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at our center with 5-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS: In this cohort study, we enrolled all patients who underwent primary or elective PCI and completed their 5-year followup unless they developed events related to study end-points. Demographic, angiographic and clinical data of the participants were retrieved from our databank. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated based on the Cockcroft-Gault equation for me...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nozari Y, Shafiee A, Kassaian SE, Jalali A, Roozbeh M, Safarian H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

CT Scan Incidental Findings in Head Trauma Patients - Yazd Shahid Rahnemoun Hospital, 2005-2015.
CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicated that most incidental findings were related to benign findings, but also malignant findings were diagnosed. PMID: 31256598 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Razavi-Ratki SK, Arefmanesh Z, Namiranian N, Gholami S, Sobhanardekani M, Nafisi Moghadam A, Nafisi Moghadam R Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

The Effect of Conjugated Linoleic Acid Supplementation on Body Composition, Serum Insulin and Leptin in Obese Adults.
CONCLUSION: CLA supplementation could reduce body fat and serum leptin. Hence, it could be taken into account as a factor for weight loss but not to control or prevent diabetes. PMID: 31256599 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Esmaeili Shahmirzadi F, Ghavamzadeh S, Zamani T Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

From Primary Health Care to Universal Health Coverage in the Islamic Republic of Iran: A Journey of Four Decades.
Abstract Despite all the problems caused by the imposed war, sanctions and accidents after the Islamic Revolution, materializing primary health care (PHC) in Iran through establishing the National Health Network (NHN) has had substantial gains. Many health indicators in Iran have undergone significant changes. As an example, the change in death of children under the age of 5 years has been studied by adjusting the economic status, and it is estimated that about 2 million deaths in this age group were avoided within 30 years after the Islamic Revolution. Nevertheless, the global experience implies that the PHC has ...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Sajadi HS, Majdzadeh R Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

CD56-Positive Acute Myeloid Leukemia Following Treatment of Hairy Cell Leukemia with Cladribine - Report of 2 Cases and Review of the Literature.
In conclusion, it is not clear whether development of AML in HCL patients is caused by mutagenic potential of the applied chemotherapy or by immune suppression/ perturbations as a characteristic of the underlying disease. PMID: 31256601 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Colovic N, Marisavljevic D, Kraguljac-Kurtovic N, Bogdanovic A, Gotic M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Dr. Hossein Malekafzali: A Pioneer in Iran's Health Evolution and Development.
This article is a review of his worthy and interesting activities in the country's health, research and education. PMID: 31256602 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Gharibzadeh S, Mostafavi E, Nadim A, Mohammad K, Sadrizadeh B, Mesdaghinia A, Gouya MM Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

It Is Time to Develop a Values Hierarchy in the Health System.
PMID: 31256603 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nouhi M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Response to the Comment on "Which Social Values Are Considered in Iranian Health System?"
Response to the Comment on "Which Social Values Are Considered in Iranian Health System?" Arch Iran Med. 2019 May 01;22(5):278 Authors: Mostafavi H PMID: 31256604 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mostafavi H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Self-management Intervention Program Based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) among Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Quazi-Experimental Study.
This study aimed to determine the effect of theory-based intervention program among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: This quazi-experimental study was conducted on 110 women 17-41 years old which were divided randomly into intervention (n = 55) and control (n = 55) groups. The intervention group received a self-management education for four sessions lasting 35-40 minutes accompanied with a phone call as a booster. Both intervention and control groups attended a routine GDM education program at outpatient health centers. A multi-section instrument included demographics, 28 items in HBM (CVI and ...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mohebbi B, Tol A, Sadeghi R, Mohtarami SF, Shamshiri A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Serum Levels of Vitamin D, Retinol and Zinc in Relation to overweight among Toddlers: Findings from a National Study in Iran.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we found a significant inverse association between serum levels of vitamin D and overweight among toddlers. Further studies, particularly of prospective nature, are required to confirm our findings. PMID: 31126175 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Sharif Y, Sadeghi O, Dorosty A, Siassi F, Jalali M, Djazayery A, Mohammad K, Parsaeian M, Abdollahi Z, Heshmat R, Yarparvar A, Pouraram H, Esmaillzadeh A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Dietary Intakes of Branched Chain Amino Acids and the Incidence of Hypertension: A Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study.
CONCLUSION: Findings indicated that higher BCAA intake, in particular valine, is associated with higher risk of incident hypertension. PMID: 31126176 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mirmiran P, Teymoori F, Asghari G, Azizi F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Novel Mutations in KCNQ4, LHFPL5 and COCH Genes in Iranian Families with Hearing Impairment.
CONCLUSION: The 16% contribution of GJB2 to HL in the Iranian population necessitates the discovery of the remaining causal factors. This study is the first to report KCNQ4 and COCH related HL in the Iranian population and the second study, globally, to report HL due to biallelic inactivation of the COCH gene. PMID: 31126177 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mehregan H, Mohseni M, Akbari M, Jalalvand K, Arzhangi S, Nikzat N, Kahrizi K, Najmabadi H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Mean Platelet Volume and Major Adverse Cardiac Events following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been introduced as a simple and accurate method for assessing platelet function, which can be used as a prognostic marker for cardiovascular events. We investigated whether pre-procedural MPV could predict major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in candidates for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: In this large retrospective cohort, we reviewed the clinical and follow-up data of 4199 candidates (mean age = 59.9 ± 10.3 years; female patients = 1440 [34.3%]) for elective PCI due to unstable angina (UA) or non-ST segment elevation my...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nozari Y, Parsa M, Jalali A, Ariannejad H, Shafiee A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Disease in Iran in the Last 40 Years: Prevalence, Mortality, Morbidity, Challenges and Strategies for Cardiovascular Prevention.
Abstract Four decades ago, Iran encountered rapid sociodemographic and economic transitions. This review was carried out to investigate the trend of cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevalence, mortality and morbidity, relevant challenges and suggestions for prevention of CVD. In Iran, the most prevalent causes of death have transited from infectious and diarrheal diseases in 1960 to CVD few decades ago. CVD was the first leading cause of mortality and a million disability adjusted life years (DALYs) led to 46% of all deaths and 20%-23% of the burden of disease in Iran. Ischemic heart disease and stroke are considered...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Sarrafzadegan N, Mohammmadifard N Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Research and Publishing Ethics among Iranian Researchers: The Realities.
PMID: 31126180 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Talebi Bezmin Abadi A, Lee JY Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Solid Pseudopapillary Tumor of Pancreas: A Clinicopathologic Report from a Single Institution in Southern Iran.
CONCLUSION: SPTP is not very rare in our center. In young patients presenting with pancreatic mass, especially in female patients, one of the most important diagnoses is SPTP. Conservative surgery and tumor excision is satisfactory and patients show excellent prognosis even after liver metastasis. PMID: 31126181 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Kashkooe A, Geramizadeh B, Nikeghbalian S, Malekhosseini SA Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

A Rare Case of Takayasu's Arteritis with Aortic Arch Branching Pattern Variation in a Young Female.
Abstract Takayasu's arteritis, formerly known as "pulseless disease", is a chronic inflammatory disease which affects the aorta and its main branches. The prevalence of this disease is higher in Asian countries and among young women. Depending on the progress of the disease, the symptoms and prognosis of the disease is different. Herein, we report the case of a 31-year-old woman with Takayasu's arteritis in the Iranian population. In this case, the size of the aorta and the main branches increased and the large artery walls were thickened. Narrowing of the right and left subclavian artery, carotid artery...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Jalali Kondori B, Azemati F, Asadi MH, Bahadoran H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Normal Microbiota: Let us Change our Perspective.
PMID: 31126183 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Moossavi S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Helicobacter pylori Resistance: A Medical Predictive Factor of Response.
PMID: 31126184 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ribaldone DG, Fagoonee S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Do Clinicians and Microbiologists Speak the Same Language?
PMID: 31126185 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Saniee P, Siavoshi F, Malekzadeh R, Kadkhodaei S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Charitable Contribution in Healthcare: What Drives Iranians to Donate Money?
CONCLUSION: Better understanding of feelings, perceptions, benefits, and values of donors could improve the fund-raising practices in the Iranian health system. PMID: 31029066 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - March 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ziloochi MH, Akbari Sari A, Takian A, Arab M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Non-invasive Risk Prediction Models in Identifying Undiagnosed Type 2 Diabetes or Predicting Future Incident Cases in the Iranian Population.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Iran needs pragmatic screening methods for identifying those with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes or at high risk of developing it. The aim of this study was to assess performance of three non-invasive risk prediction models, i.e. the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC), the Australian Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment Tool (AUSDRISK), and the American Diabetes Association Risk Score (ADA), for identifying those with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes (prevalent type 2 diabetes at baseline without any treatment) or those who would develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years of follow-up. METHODS: 3467 p...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - March 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Lotfaliany M, Hadaegh F, Asgari S, Mansournia MA, Azizi F, Oldenburg B, Khalili D Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Elevated Lactate and Total Protein Levels in Stereotactic Brain Biopsy Specimen; Potential Biomarkers of Malignancy and Poor Prognosis.
CONCLUSION: Higher total protein and lactate concentrations in the stereotactic biopsy specimens are alarming signs of poor outcome and higher grades in astrocytomas. PMID: 31029068 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - March 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nikoobakht M, Shamshiripour P, Azimi Nekoo Z, Fallah Haghmohammadi S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Different Strategies in Simultaneous Coronary and Carotid Artery Revascularization - A Single Center Experience.
CONCLUSION: Synchronous PCI, CEA and CABG may be safe and effective in the management of patients with concomitant CAS and complicated multi-vessel CAD. The current data suggested that more studies and randomized controlled trials may be necessary to define whether this strategy is suitable for these patients. PMID: 31029069 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - March 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Zhang J, Dong Z, Liu P, Fan X, Chen J, Zheng X, Ma B, Ye Z Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Psoriasis Patients.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Psoriasis (Ps) is a chronic skin disease that can lead to negative impacts on quality of life (QoL) because of diseaserelated comorbidities. We aimed to investigate the risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in patients with Ps. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with Ps were included in this study. The patients were evaluated for their demographics, Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI), duration of disease, Psoriasis Quality of Life Index (PQLI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and also Berlin questionnaire (BQ), in terms of the risk groups of O...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - March 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Kabeloglu Ilbay V, Tas B, Altuntas M, Atakli HD, Soysal A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

The Involvement of D1 and D2 Dopamine Receptors in the Restoration Effect of Left Frontal Anodal, but not Cathodal, tDCS on Streptozocin-Induced Amnesia.
CONCLUSION: The study showed that D1 and D2 dopamine receptors are involved in the restoration effect of left frontal anodal- but not cathodal-tDCS in STZ-induced amnesia. PMID: 31029071 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - March 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Roostaei A, Vaezi G, Nasehi M, Haeri-Rohani A, Zarrindast MR Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Geographically Weighted Regression Analysis: A Statistical Method to Account for Spatial Heterogeneity.
Abstract Ordinary linear regression (OLR) is one of the most common statistical techniques used in determining the association between the outcome variable and its related factors. This method determines the association that is assumed to be true for the whole study area - a global association. In the field of public health and social sciences, this assumption is not always true, especially when it is known that the relationship between variables varies across the study area. Therefore, in such a scenario, an OLR should be calibrated in a way to account for this spatial variability. In this paper, we demonstrate u...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - March 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Raza O, Mansournia MA, Rahimi Foroushani A, Holakouie-Naieni K Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis in a 4-Year-Old Child: Is Montelukast and/or Clarithromycin a Trigger?
Abstract The aim of the presentation of this case is to discuss whether there is an association with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) and the use of montelukast, and clarithromycin and to discuss a successful treatment course. A 4-year-old girl with a preceding history of asthma attacks and increased eosinophil counts was admitted. She had been using clarithromycin for five days and montelucast for a month. She was eventually diagnosed with EGPA with detailed examination. Clinicians should remember EGPA in children with asthma and hypereosinophilia. Patients receiving leukotriene receptor antag...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - March 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Altinel Acoglu E, Yazilitas F, Gurkan A, Sari E, Senel S, Akcaboy M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition.
PMID: 31029074 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - March 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Emamian MH Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Response to the Letter on the Gap of Cigarette and Hookah Smoking between Socioeconomic Groups in Iran: Effect of Inequalities in Socioeconomic Position.
PMID: 31029075 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - March 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ghelichkhani P, Yaseri M, Yousefifard M, Baikpour M, Asady H, Oraii A, Rafei A, Hosseini M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Bam Earthquake Survivors' Mental Health Status 12 Years after the Earthquake: A Population-Based Study.
CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed more than half of the Bam earthquake survivors are suspected to be suffering from mental disorders. Since natural disaster-related mental illness effects can last for many years, comprehensive screening programs at regular intervals are required. Mental health services should be available to the elderly and people at risk in order to ensure restoration of mental health after a catastrophe. PMID: 30980639 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - February 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Baniasadi M, Divsalar P, Noorbala AA, Eslami Shahrbabaki M, Aflatoonian B, Ashrafi Asgarabad A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Impact of Age at Menarche on Breast Cancer: The Assessment of Recall Bias.
CONCLUSION: After adjustment for misclassification related to recall bias, this study provides evidence that the self-reported mode of AAM has a moderate impact on calculation of the OR. PMID: 30980640 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - February 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Moradzadeh R, Mansournia MA, Ghiasvand R, Baghfalaki T, Nadrian H, Holakouie-Naieni K Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Quality of Life Changes in Iranian Patients Undergoing Female-to-Male Transsexual Surgery: A Prospective Study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Gender identity disorder (GID) is associated with various adverse health outcomes as well as psychiatric problems. Quality of life (QOL) in patients after surgery is an important issue, as some cases report dissatisfaction and regret after surgery. The present study compared QOL in female-to-male (FTM) GID patients before and after gender reassignment surgery (GRS) in an Iranian population. In the present study, 42 natal female patients with Gender Disorder diagnosis, who were referred to the Fertility Research Center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences for GRS from December 2014 to Decem...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - February 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Naeimi S, Akhlaghdoust M, Chaichian S, Moradi Y, Jesmi F, Zarbati N, Jafarabadi M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Hepatitis C (HCV) Viremic Rate and its Correlation to Demographic Factors among HCV Confirmed Iranian Blood Donors.
CONCLUSION: The results of this study show the likelihood of active HCV infection occurrence among HCV confirmed Iranian blood donors, as the majority are in the active phase of HCV infection. The viremic rate was associated with first time donation. More effective donor selection process and paying special attention to maintenance of non-infected first time donors as a resource of regular donations are needed to improve blood safety. Follow-up studies on viremic first time blood donors are recommended to clarify impact of factors on the occurrence of HCV viremia. PMID: 30980642 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - February 1, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ranjbar Kermani F, Mousavi Hosseini K, Amini Kafi-Abad S, Mansournia MA, Sharifi Z, Maghsudlu M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research