Molecular Diagnosis of Hereditary Neuropathies by Whole Exome Sequencing and Expanding the Phenotype Spectrum.
CONCLUSION: Our results highlight the advantage of using WES for genetic diagnosis in highly heterogeneous diseases such as IPNs. Moreover, functional analysis is required for novel and uncertain variants. PMID: 32657593 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Taghizadeh S, Vazehan R, Beheshtian M, Sadeghinia F, Fattahi Z, Mohseni M, Arzhangi S, Nafissi S, Kariminejad A, Najmabadi H, Kahrizi K Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

National and Subnational Trends of Incidence and Mortality of Female Genital Cancers in Iran; 1990-2016.
CONCLUSION: The incidence rates of all gynecological cancers in different provinces have shown a converging trend that could indicate that attempts toward health equality have been effective. The declining trend of MIR could be interpreted as advancements in detection of cancer in its early stages and also improvements in treatments, in turn reflecting improvements in access to and quality of care. PMID: 32657594 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Eftekharzadeh S, Ebrahimi N, Samaei M, Mohebi F, Mohajer B, Sheidaei A, Gohari K, Saeedi Moghaddam S, Ahmadi N, Mohammadi Fateh S, Ramezani Tehrani F, Farzadfar F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

The First Inherited Retinal Disease Registry in Iran: Research Protocol and Results of a Pilot Study.
CONCLUSION: Our study shows successful web-based software design and data collection as a proof of concept for the first IRD registry in Iran. Multicenter integration of the IRD registry in medical centers throughout the country is well underway as planned. These data will assist researchers to rapidly access information about the distribution and genetic patterns of this disease. PMID: 32657595 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Sabbaghi H, Daftarian N, Suri F, Mirrahimi M, Madani S, Sheikhtaheri A, Khorrami F, Saviz P, Zarei Nejad M, Tivay A, Shahriari HA, Maleki A, Ahmadi SS, Sargazi M, Cremers FPM, Najafi M, Vona B, Haaf T, Bahena-Carbajal P, Moghadasi A, Naraghi H, Yaseri M, Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Global Incidence and Mortality Rate of COVID-19; Special Focus on Iran, Italy and China.
CONCLUSION: The incidence of COVID-19 varied by regions; however, after March 11, it became 'pandemic'. It was observed that after about 6 days with an emergence of sharp increase in incidences, there would be a mutation in mortality rate. On the other hand, the importance of 'on-time' quarantine programs in controlling this virus was confirmed. PMID: 32657596 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Chaibakhsh S, Pourhoseingholi A, Vahedi M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Spatial Survival Analysis of Initiation Age and Prevalence of Smoking in Iran; Results from a Population Based Study.
CONCLUSION: The geographical distribution of smoking initiation age and prevalence showed that in different parts of the country, the initiation age and rate of smoking are different which should be considered in any preventative policy making. PMID: 32657597 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Teimourpour A, Farzadfar F, Yaseri M, Hosseini M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Health Care and Medical Education to Promote Women's Health in Iran; Four Decades Efforts, Challenges and Recommendations.
CONCLUSION: We identified different solutions to bridge these gaps. Community-based education, Gender- concordant considerations, and empowering women in surgical departments could help medical education policy makers to address the challenges. PMID: 32657598 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Tabatabai S, Simforoosh N Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Chorioamnionitis and Neonates; Which Strategy?
Abstract BACKGROUND: Chorioamnionitis (CAM) is one of the major risk factors for neonatal early-onset sepsis (EOS). Different international guidelines have been developed for diagnosis and care of such neonates. This research aimed to evaluate our neonates and compare them with the guidelines. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted during five years (March 2012 to March 2017), and comprised of neonates (any gestational age) born to mothers with CAM (any criteria). The neonates' clinical findings and interventions were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: In total, out of 28,988 live born neonat...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Afjeh SA, Sabzehei MK, Mansor Ghanaie R, Karimizadeh M, Shamshiri AR, Esmaili F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Phyllodes Tumor of the Breast during Pregnancy and Lactation; A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSION: Our findings show high rates of bilaterality, large size, rapid growth, and malignant pathology in the reported gestational PTs. PMID: 32657600 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Alipour S, Eskandari A, Johar FM, Furuya S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2; What We Know so far.
Abstract A recent outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has affected more than 1100000 (April 5, 2020) individuals worldwide and is spreading rapidly. The virus is reported to be derived from bats and the infection was first reported in China. Similar to the severe acute respiratory syndrome and the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronaviruses, it is responsible for respiratory tract infection. Real time polymerase chain reaction and radiography are the two main diagnostic methods. Guidelines from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization (...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Rajani HF, Alshaikh FA, Anushiravani A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

The COVID-19 Outbreak in Iran; The First Patient with a Definite Diagnosis.
Abstract The novel coronavirus, formerly named as 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCov) caused a rapidly spreading epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Wuhan, China and thereafter, progressed globally to form a pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in numerous countries; and now confirmed cases are reported from several provinces of Iran. Now various medical centers, clinicians and researchers around the world share their data and experiences about COVID-19 in order to participate in the global attempt of controlling the pandemic. The current report investigates the clinical presentations...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ghadir MR, Ebrazeh A, Khodadadi J, Zamanlu M, Shams S, Nasiri M, Koohpaei A, Abbasinia M, Sharifipour E, Golzari SE Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Colorectal Cancer Surgery during COVID-19 Pandemic in Iran; Most Appropriate Approach.
PMID: 32657603 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Dooghaie Moghadam A, Eslami P, Razavi-Khorasani N, Moazzami B, Mousavizadeh M, Kalantar Motamedi M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

The Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Liver Transplant Patients; Time to Change the Priorities.
PMID: 32657604 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Dooghaie Moghadam A, Eslami P, Razavi-Khorasani N, Moazzami B, Mousavizadeh M, Zali MR, Sadeghi A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Rehabilitation Recommendations for Multiple Sclerosis Patients during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
PMID: 32657605 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Naser Moghadasi A, Azadvari M, Sahraian MA Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Management of COVID-19 Crisis in Guilan Province in Northern Iran.
PMID: 32657606 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Monfared A, Balou HA, Hamidi Madani A, Rahbar Taramsari M, Hemmati H, Mohammadzadeh A, Gharib C, Pourkazemi A, Heidarzadeh A, Shenavar I, Akhoundzadeh L Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Trends in the Incidence of Stomach Cancer in Golestan Province, a High-risk Area in Northern Iran, 2004-2016.
This study was conducted on stomach cancer cases registered in the Golestan Population-based Cancer Registry (GPCR) during 2004-2016. Age-standardized incidence rates (ASRs) per 100000 person-years were calculated. The Joinpoint regression analysis was used to calculate the average annual percent changes (AAPC). We also calculated the contribution of population aging, population size and risk to the overall changes in incidence rates. RESULTS: Overall, 2964 stomach cancer patients were registered. The ASR of stomach cancer was significantly higher in men (26.9) than women (12.2) (P
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ghasemi-Kebria F, Amiriani T, Fazel A, Naimi-Tabiei M, Norouzi A, Khoshnia M, Seyyedmajidi M, Pooshani A, Mousaviemadi S, Poorkhani H, Sedaghat S, Salamat F, Hasanpour-Heidari S, Jafari-Delouie N, Gholami M, Semnani S, Roshandel G, Weiderpass E, Malekzade Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Prevalence of Smoking among Iranian Adults: Findings of the National STEPs Survey 2016.
CONCLUSION: The result of the study can be used to inform policy makers about the status of smoking and help them to design policies for setting rules on and limiting the import of cigarettes and their components to the country. PMID: 32536173 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Varmaghani M, Sharifi F, Mehdipour P, Sheidaei A, Djalalinia S, Gohari K, Modirian M, Pazhuheian F, Peykari N, Haghshenas R, Khajavi A, Zokaei H, Moradi G, Mahdavihezaveh A, Farzadfar F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Trends in the Prevalence of Severe Obesity among Tehranian Adults: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, 1999-2017.
CONCLUSION: A high prevalence of severe obesity among Tehranian adults has been stabilized over the past two decades. Preventive interventions should be focused on the younger and middle-aged population, to mitigate the subsequent burden of severe obesity on Tehranian population and the healthcare system. PMID: 32536174 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mousapour P, Valizadeh M, Mahdavi M, Saadat N, Barzin M, Azizi F, Hosseinpanah F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Thyroid Function in Children with Down Syndrome in the Polish Population: A Case-Control Study.
CONCLUSION: Children with Down syndrome may have increased secretion of TSH, even when thyroid hormone and autoantibodies are normal, suggesting that an isolated increase in TSH does not predispose the patient to the development of thyroid disease. We also recommend that all patients with Down syndrome should be screened for thyroid dysgenesis, since they have thyroid dysfunction more frequently as compared to the general healthy population. PMID: 32536175 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Zelazowska-Rutkowska B, Jakubiuk-Tomaszuk A, Cylwik B Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Sagittal Spinopelvic Alignment in Asymptomatic Iranian Adults Aged 18 to 40 Years.
CONCLUSION: These findings may be used as referential values for sagittal spinopelvic parameters in the Iranian population. The positive correlation of PI with age questions the constancy of PI throughout life. However, larger studies are required. PMID: 32536176 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Yeganeh A, Moghtadaei M, Ameri Mahabadi E, Mahdavi SM, Pirani A, Safdari F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Effect of N-acetylcysteine against Vancomycin-Induced Nephrotoxicity: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.
CONCLUSION: NAC has the potential for reduction of VIN. However, more studies are necessary to confirm this effect. PMID: 32536177 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Badri S, Soltani R, Sayadi M, Khorvash F, Meidani M, Taheri S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Is Histopathological Evaluation of Hernia Sacs Necessary?
CONCLUSION: Since the hernia sac might be the first clue for an underlying cancer, if abnormal pathological findings are detected during surgery, histopathological examination should be performed to exclude malignancy. The purpose of histological examination is to detect a hidden malignancy. PMID: 32536178 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Topal U, Gok M, Akyuz M, Oz AB, Arikan TB, Solak İ, Deniz K, Sozuer E Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Collagenofibrotic Glomerulopathy: Report a Rare Case.
We describe a case of adult onset nephrotic syndrome with partial villous atrophy of the intestine who was diagnosed with this rare entity. Collagenofibrotic glomerulopathy is characterized by subendothelial and mesangial collagen type III deposition and increased procollagen III peptide levels. Extra renal involvement has been described in the form of hypertension, anemia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia but villous atrophy has not been associated with this condition so far, possibly reflecting the paucity of literature. We describe this case and review the condition in this report. PMID: 32536179 [PubMed - in p...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Agarwal R, Baid R, Mukhopadhyay J Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Photoclinic.
PMID: 32536180 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ashjaei B, Farahmand F, Vasei M, Zamani F, Haghi Ashtiani MT, Moradzadeh A, Safavi M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Contagious Diseases and its Consequences in the Late Qajar Period Mashhad (1892-1921).
In this study, we investigate and explain the subjects: disease outbreaks, the problem of commerce, quarantine and its outcomes at the end of Qajar period, between the years 1892 and 1921 AD in Mashhad, with the help of historical and documentary sources using an analytical and medical historiography method. PMID: 32536181 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ghassabi Gazkouh J, Vakili H, Rezaeian SM, Golshani SA, Salehi A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Guideline for Management of Mesenteric Ischemia: Shiraz Intestinal Failure Unit Protocol.
Abstract We have recently established an intestinal rehabilitation unit (IRU) in Abu Ali Sina transplantation center affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Our intestinal failure rehabilitation and transplant program aims to provide state-of-the-art care for adult patients with different degrees of intestinal insufficiency and failure. In the IRU, we aimed to design an algorithmic approach to patients with small bowel ischemia and short bowel syndrome (SBS) based on our institutional experience in our country and based on other pioneering studies from other regions of the world. PMID: 3253...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nikoupoor H, Moradi AM, Arasteh P, Shamsaeefar A, Karami MY, Eghlimi H, Shafiekhani M, Nikeghbalian S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Smoking Water-Pipe, Opium Use and Prevalence of Heart Disease: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Baseline Data from the Pars Cohort Study, Southern Iran.
CONCLUSION: Hookah and opium abuse were associated with prevalent IHD in this study. Although more research is needed on these associations, particularly in prospective settings, reducing hookah and opium use could potentially reduce IHD risk. PMID: 32383612 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Adib A, Masoompour SM, Molavi Vardanjani H, Gondomkar A, Poustchi H, Salehi A, Islami F, Malekzadeh R Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Effect of Storage Temperature and Time on Stability of Liver Enzymes in Blood Serum.
CONCLUSION: Long-term storage of serum samples significantly decreases the concentration of the liver enzymes from the baseline, except for GGT. It is not recommended to store samples for more than two years, as liver en-zymes are not detectable afterwards. PMID: 32383613 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Kolahdoozan S, Sepanlou SG, Sharafkhah M, Shaker E, Shayanrad A, Malekzadeh R, Merat S, Poustchi H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Trend of Appendicitis Mortality at National and Provincial Levels in Iran from 1990 to 2015.
CONCLUSION: The mortality rate due to appendicitis has declined at national and provincial levels in Iran. Understanding the causes of differences across provinces and the trend over years can be useful in priority setting for policy makers to inform preventive actions to further decrease mortality from appendicitis. PMID: 32383614 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Piri SM, Saeedi Moghaddam S, Ghodsi Z, Yoosefi M, Rezaei N, Saadat S, Mansouri A, Sharif-Alhoseini M, Salamati P, Jazayeri SB, Khajavi A, Moradi Lakeh M, Mokdad AH, O'Reilly G, Rahimi-Movaghar V Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Effect of Aminophylline in Preventing Renal Dysfunction among Neonates with Prenatal Asphyxia: A Clinical Trial.
CONCLUSION: Aminophylline was effective in preventing renal dysfunction in neonates with asphyxia. Neonates who received aminophylline indicated a significant improvement in GFR and urine output on the first day of life. PMID: 32383615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Saboute M, Balasi J, Tajalli S, Hajipour M, Heshmat S, Khalesi N, Allahqoli L Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Limbic System Associated Membrane Protein Mutation in an Iranian Family Diagnosed with M énière's Disease.
CONCLUSION: The phenotype observed in the proband described here, i.e. vertigo, poor sense of smell, tinnitus, and borderline hearing ability, may originate from aberrant changes in the cerebellum and limbic system due to a deleterious mutation in the LSAMP gene; hence, LSAMP mutation is a possible candidate for the etiology of MD in this family. PMID: 32383616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mehrjoo Z, Kahrizi K, Mohseni M, Akbari M, Arzhangi S, Jalalvand K, Najmabadi H, Farhadi M, Mohseni M, Asghari A, Mohebbi S, Daneshi A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Post Liver Transplantation Survival and Related Prognostic Factors among Adult Recipients in Tehran Liver Transplant Center; 2002-2019.
CONCLUSION: In this center, not only are survival outcomes excellent, but also younger patients, cases with better pre-operative health conditions, and those without complications after OLT have superior survival. PMID: 32383617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Madreseh E, Mahmoudi M, Nassiri-Toosi M, Baghfalaki T, Zeraati H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Cesarean Section Beyond Cesar's Borders: A Mini Review on the Cultural History of Cesarean Section High Prevalence Rates in the Middle East.
Abstract Cesarean section rates have risen significantly in some Middle Eastern countries like Iran, Turkey, and Egypt. Therefore, this review aims to investigate the cultural background for the high cesarean section rates in some Middle Eastern countries to provide the obstetricians and policymakers a better perspective on the crisis. Firstly, the dimensions of the current crisis in the Middle East are discussed. Then, three famous medieval authors are investigated; Ferdowsi (Shahnameh; the birth of Rostam, the Persian superhero, through the cesarean section), Abu Rayhan Biruni (The Remaining Signs of Past Centur...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Azimirad A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Seven Decades of Primary Healthcare during Various Development Plans in Iran: A Historical Review.
CONCLUSION: Despite considerable achievements in PHC, the history of PHC in Iran indicates frequent changes in planning and health provision structure. This suggests that the challenges facing the health sector today, the evolving needs and demands of the people, and population changes necessitate reinforcement and reform in the structure of the current PHC network as the main mission of Iran's Ministry of Health. PMID: 32383619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Doshmangir L, Moshiri E, Farzadfar F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Points to Consider Regarding Tobacco Hindrance.
PMID: 32383620 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Rezaei N, Farzadfar F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Double Trisomy 48,XXY,+21 in a Neonate with Congenital Heart Disease.
Abstract Double trisomy 48, XXY, +21 or Down-Klinefelter syndrome is a rare occurrence and presents clinical manifestation of trisomy 21 in early life and of Klinefelter syndrome after 10 months of age. The phenotypic and karyotyping characteristics of a 2-month-old boy were reported. He had mild clinical feature of Down syndrome and echocardiographic features of atrioventricular (AV) septal defects with severe pulmonary valve stenosis. PMID: 32383621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Bijanzadeh M, Rajaei Behbahani S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Cyril Elgood "A Medical History of Persia": A Critique.
Cyril Elgood "A Medical History of Persia": A Critique. Arch Iran Med. 2020 May 01;23(5):359-361 Authors: Nayernouri T PMID: 32383622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nayernouri T Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Secular Trends of Global Burden of Violence, 1990-2015: In Spite of Successes, Women and Children Are Highly Affected in Low- and the Middle-Income Countries.
CONCLUSION: The rate of DALYs due to IV has been more decreasing among women and children during the recent decades. By the next 10 years, the attributed DALYs to CV would increase up to 120%. Children, adolescents and women are highly affected by CV in countries with middle-low and middle social development in the recent decades. PMID: 32349500 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Salehi A, Molavi Vardanjani H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

The Past Victim, the Future Abuser.
CONCLUSION: This preliminary study showed that a significant number of patients with history of childhood abuse involved in abusive behavior and victimization of others in adulthood. Paying attention to this issue by mental health practitioners and policy makers can prevent the intergenerational transmission of abuse and development of a more peaceful society. PMID: 32349501 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Firoozabadi A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Health Care Utilization and Expenditure in War Survivors.
Abstract BACKGROUND: To describe the utilization and out-of-pocket (OOP) payments of war survivors receiving health care services and its determinants. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out by systematic random sampling at national level (n = 3079) on healthcare utilization in war survivors on their last received services. A validated questionnaire was used to gather the information of inpatient and outpatient healthcare services and OOP payment. The data were analyzed to indicate the determinants of health utilization and expenses. RESULTS: Health care utilization was reported in 91.6% (n = 2...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mousavi B, Maftoon F, Soroush M, Mohammad K, Majdzadeh R Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Impact of War on Fertility and Infertility.
CONCLUSION: The study of past research suggests that exposure to war may be an independent risk factor for reproductive disorders and infertility in men. For female infertility, war leads to menstrual dysfunction. PMID: 32349503 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Bolouki A, Zal F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Peace, Health, and Sustainable Development in the Middle East.
CONCLUSION: Physicians and other human resources for health are the key actors in peaceful environment to attain health for all. In the absence of peace, the resilience of health system will be threatened and the hope for sustainable development may fade. PMID: 32349504 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Takian A, Rajaeieh G Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Peace through Health and Medical Education: First Steps in Inclination of Healthcare Workers Toward Conflict-Preventive Activities.
CONCLUSION: The work of developing peace through health courses has been started before and it will continue until it completely becomes an accepted global course. PMID: 32349505 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Taherifard E, Molavi Vardanjani H, Arya N, Salehi A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Human Casualties and War: Results of a National Epidemiologic Survey in Iran.
CONCLUSION: Human casualties of the Iran-Iraq war on the Iranian side and the health care system are huge even after more than three decades. PMID: 32349506 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Soroush M, Ganjparvar Z, Mousavi B Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

"War Epidemiology" Versus "Peace Epidemiology": A Personal View.
"War Epidemiology" Versus "Peace Epidemiology": A Personal View. Arch Iran Med. 2020 Apr 01;23(4Suppl1):S38-S42 Authors: Rezaeian M Abstract Epidemiology can be considered as a responsible public health science the aim of which is to control health problems. One of the most important public health problems is "war". The aim of the present paper, therefore, is threefold: firstly, to determine to what extent war has been investigated from an epidemiological point of view; secondly, what the definition and scope of "war epidemiology" would be; and thirdly, if it wo...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Rezaeian M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Provision of Peace and Right to Health through Sanctions: Threats and Opportunities.
Abstract According to the purposes for the formation of the United Nations, sophistication of institutions like the Security Council must be evaluated based on the provision of peace and how they guarantee human rights. Therefore, in case Security Council does not follow these two mentioned factors, its function would be itself a threat to the international peace and security. This analytical research is based on collecting library theoretical data related to different field studies which investigated the effects of sanctions issued by the Security Council, the United States and the European Union on citizens' hea...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Dastafkan R, Salehi H, Hooshmand MM Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Rights of Citizens and the Classification of People into Believer (Mu'min) and Non-Believer (Kafir).
PMID: 32349509 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mohaghegh Damad SM Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

The Health Consequences of Economic Sanctions: Call for Health Diplomacy and International Collaboration.
PMID: 32349510 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Yazdi-Feyzabadi V, Amini-Rarani M, Delavari S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Conception of "Peace through Health" in the "Middle East" Region: Report of the International Congress on Health for Peace, Shiraz, Iran.
Conception of "Peace through Health" in the "Middle East" Region: Report of the International Congress on Health for Peace, Shiraz, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2020 Apr 01;23(4Suppl1):S54-S59 Authors: Molavi Vardanjani H, Salehi A, Aminlari F Abstract The discussions held by the congress panels can be boiled down to the following convictions. Health professionals, especially those who are working in the Middle East region, have to promote peace as part of their professional responsibility. Moving towards this objective can be realized through a number of measures. It is both necessary and...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Molavi Vardanjani H, Salehi A, Aminlari F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Educating Health Science Students About Peace through Health Topic; A Panel Discussion.
This report describes an experience of the first international health for peace conference held in November 2018 in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This paper discusses the panel on peace education in medical and paramedical schools and the way for the future. PMID: 32349512 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Amini M, Shams M, Khosravi MB, Milen A, Arya N Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

IR of Iran National Mobilization against COVID-19 Epidemic.
PMID: 32271593 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Raeisi A, Tabrizi JS, Gouya MM Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research