National Guidelines for Cognitive Assessment and Rehabilitation of Iranian Traumatic Brain Injury Patients.
CONCLUSION: Iranian health policy makers and rehabilitation program managers are recommended to address some fundamental issues to provide the necessary infrastructure to set up an efficient cognitive rehabilitation service system. PMID: 33356338 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - December 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ghawami H, Jazayeri SB, Sabeti Nowsud A, Sharif-Alhoseini M, Shirvani A, Kheyri M, Abdollah Zadegan S, Noorian N, Mohammadian F, Karimi Yarandi K, Azad A, Rezaeitalab F, Barekatain M, Bakhtiyari J, Moradi A, Khatoonabadi AR, Haghgoo HA, Gheini MR, Khadivi Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Psychological Disorder or Poverty? Results of a Large Cross-sectional Study in Iran.
This study aims to report the prevalence and possible determinants of IBS in southwestern Iran, an area with a notable history of war. METHODS: We randomly enrolled 1849 permanent residents in 29 cities aged 20 to 65 years. A validated for Farsi version Rome III criteria and a questionnaire, including demographic data and health history, were administered to each subject. Participants who fulfilled the Rome III criteria were categorized into three groups: Diarrhea dominant (IBS-D), Constipation dominant (IBS-C), and Mixed type (IBS-M). RESULTS: The total prevalence of IBS was 3.2%, with 70% of subjects being of A...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - December 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Alvand S, Mohammadi Z, Rashidian L, Cheraghian B, Rahimi Z, Danehchin L, Paridar Y, Abolnezhadian F, Noori M, Mard SA, Masoudi S, Shayesteh AA, Poustchi H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Five-Year Efficacy of Transobturator Tape Treatment and Quality of Life in Women with Stress Urinary Incontinence.
Abstract BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the results of first- and fifth-year outcomes and the effect on quality of life (QoL) of transobturator tape (TOT) treatment in patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: The patients who underwent TOT surgery between January 2008 and June 2013 were screened retrospectively. The QoL was evaluated with Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7) and Urogenital Distress Inventory-Short Form (UDI-6). The subjective evaluation of patients in terms of incontinence outcome was classified as worsened (UDI-6 and IIQ-7 if pre-operative postoperative), or cured (UDI-...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - December 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Sahin MO, Sen V, Irer B, Yildiz G Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Hepatitis B Virus Screening and Real Life Data in Patients with Solid Tumor Receiving Chemotherapy.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Reactivation of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) either during or after chemotherapy may cause serious and sometimes fatal hepatitis. All patients undergoing chemotherapy should therefore be screened in terms of HBV before chemotherapy. The purpose of this research was to identify HBV screening rates in patients with solid cancer undergoing parenteral chemotherapy and to determine the outcomes of patients undergoing HBV screening. METHODS: Data for patients undergoing parenteral chemotherapy for solid cancer from January 1, 2012 to December 30, 2018 were retrieved from our electronic health re...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - December 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Fidan S, Fidan E, Alandağ C, Erkut M, Cosar AM Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Novel Mutation in LARP7 in Two Iranian Consanguineous Families with Syndromic Intellectual Disability and Facial Dysmorphism.
CONCLUSION: These identified variants in patients with Alazami syndrome were consistent with previously reported loss of function variants in LARP7 and provide further evidence that loss of function of LARP7 is the disease mechanism. PMID: 33356342 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - December 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Kazemi G, Peymani F, Mohseni M, Zare Ashrafi F, Arzhangi S, Ardalani F, Aghakhani Moghaddam F, Kahrizi K, Najmabadi H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Risk Factors, Clinical Symptoms, Laboratory Findings and Imaging of Pregnant Women Infected with COVID-19 in North of Iran.
CONCLUSION: The most common manifestations of the disease in pregnant women were fever, cough and shortness of breath, and in some cases muscle pain. The most common laboratory finding in infected mothers was lymphopenia. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth in women included an increase in cesarean delivery. PMID: 33356344 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - December 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Kazemi Aski S, Sharami SH, Hosseinzadeh F, Hesni E, Dalil Heirati SF, Ghalandari M, Mousavi A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Clinical Manifestation of Patients Who Died Due to COVID-19; A Retrospective Study from Qom-Iran.
In this study, we attempted to explain the clinical and laboratories characteristics of non-surviving patients, to identify the probable factors affecting disease progression. METHODS: In a retrospective study, we assessed the data from dead adult patients who were hospitalized and laboratory diagnosed with COVID-19 during March 2020. The data were obtained from electronic medical records. Moreover, a checklist including demographic, clinical, laboratorial, imaging, and treatment data was completed for each one of the patients. In case of lack of information, a member of the research team contacted the first-degree re...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - December 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Hormati A, Foroghi Ghomi SY, Sohrabi M, Jafari S, Jabbari A, Aminnejad R, Afifian M, RakhshanKhah E, Ahmadpour S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Derived Conditioned Medium in Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: The present meta-analysis showed that administration of MSCs-CM improves pulmonary fibrosis. It seems that the effect of MSCs-CM was mediated by reducing collagen deposition as well as inhibiting the production of inflammatory chemokines such as TGF-β1 and interleukin 6 (IL-6). Since there is no evidence on the efficacy of MSCs-CM in large animals, further studies are needed to translate the finding to clinical studies. PMID: 33356346 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - December 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ali KM, Fattah FHR, Omar SH, Gubari MIM, Yousefifard M, Hosseini M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Photoclinic: Cutaneous Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma.
PMID: 33356347 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - December 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Abdollahimajd F, Zahedi K, Asadi Kani Z, Moravvej H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

An AIM's New Published Book.
PMID: 33356348 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - December 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Azizi MH Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Predictors of Success Rate in Different Initial Respiratory Supports in Very Low Birthweight Infants with Respiratory Distress.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Ideal respiratory support for very low birth weight infants (VLBW) can be selected based on demographic and clinical status at birth. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we included 163 VLBW neonates treated with either invasive or non-invasive respiratory support in their first 72 hours of life in the neonatal intensive care unit of Mahdiyeh hospital, Tehran, Iran. We used descriptive statistics to describe the data, and multiple logistic regression to determine the factors associated with the success rate of different strategies and the choice of strategy for primary respiratory ...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Fallahi M, Taslimi Taleghani N, Afje SA, Shamshiri AR, Esmaili F, Radfar M, Jafari M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Comparison of Platelet Count Reduction in Patients awaiting Liver Transplantation with and without Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis: A Cohort Study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia is the most well-known hematological abnormality occurring in patients with liver cirrhosis. However, the rate of platelet count reduction is not the same across different chronic liver disease etiologies. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare the differences in the platelet count levels between primary sclerosing cholangitis-related cirrhosis (PSC-C) and other causes of liver disease. METHODS: In this cohort study, the association between PSC-C and risk of platelet count reduction was investigated. The platelet counts were repeatedly measured among 242 c...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nassiri Toosi M, Moazzami B, Jafarian A, Emami A, Azmodeh Ardalan F, Karimi M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Comparison of Three Different Therapies for Cutaneous Leishmaniasis and Identification of the Etiologic Isolates in Isfahan, Iran.
CONCLUSION: In this study, the average duration of lesion healing among the three groups was the shortest in patients with IL glucantime plus 50% TCA treatment regimen. Also, the use of 50% TCA in patients suffering from CL was associated with a significant improvement in the depth of scars, the time and the percentage of recovery, and the low cost of this agent in the treatment of CL. PMID: 33220690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Abdellahi L, Hejazi SH, Amirmozafari N, Sotoodehnejadnematalahi F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Brucellosis among General Population in Famenin City, Western Iran in 2016: The Famenin Brucellosis Cohort Study.
This study aims to define the seroprevalence of brucellosis and it,s risk factors in general the population of Famenin, Hamadan province, in western Iran. METHODS: This survey was conducted on 2367 participants in Famenin and its villages from September to November 2016. After receiving written consent from subjects, demographic information was obtained through questionnaires and 10cc blood samples were taken from the participants. Blood samples were sent to the Core facility of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences and were tested using Wright and 2ME kits (Pasteur Institute, Iran) for serological detection of bruce...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Keramat F, Karami M, Alikhani MY, Bashirian S, Moghimbeigi A, Hashemi SH, Mamani M, Shivapoor Z, Bosilkovski M, Adabi M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Fifty Years of Research and One Conclusion: Opium Causes Cancer.
Conclusion: Opium Causes Cancer. Arch Iran Med. 2020 Nov 01;23(11):757-760 Authors: Sheikh M, Kamangar F, Malekzadeh R Abstract In September 2020, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) announced that opium consumption causes cancer in humans - a conclusion drawn after reviewing data from five decades of research. Given the widespread use of opium and its derivatives by millions of people across the world, the classification of opium consumption as a "Group 1" carcinogen has important public health ramifications. In this mini-review, we offer a short history of opium use in h...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Sheikh M, Kamangar F, Malekzadeh R Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Ectopic Pancreas Tissue in the Gallbladder: An Incidental Mass in Laparoscopy.
We report a case with gallstones who underwent elective cholecystectomy. EPT was detected in the gallbladder. PMID: 33220693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Özden H, Gömeç M, Kurtulan O Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Low-Quality Domestic Automobiles Continue to Threaten Lives in Iran: Economic Instability as the Potential Contributor.
PMID: 33220694 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mohajer B, Azmin M, Mohebi F, Ahmadi N, Farzadfar F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of 905 COVID-19 Patients Admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex in the Capital City of Tehran, Iran.
CONCLUSION: Older age, experiencing a severe form of the disease, and having a comorbidity were the most important prognostic factors for COVID-19 infection. Larger studies are needed to perform further subgroup analyses and verify high-risk groups. PMID: 33220695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Allameh SF, Nemati S, Ghalehtaki R, Mohammadnejad E, Aghili SM, Khajavirad N, Beigmohammadi MT, Salehi M, Mirfazaelian H, Edalatifard M, Kazemizadeh H, Dehghan Manshadi SA, Hasannezhad M, Amoozadeh L, Radnia M, Khatami SR, Nahvijou A, Seyyedsalehi MS, Ras Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Impact of Mass Screening on the Number of Confirmed Cases, Recovered Cases, and Deaths Due to COVID-19 in Iran: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis.
CONCLUSION: Following the scale-up of mass screening for COVID-19 in Iran, the rate of new cases detected and reported recovered accelerated significantly. Mass screening is likely to have detected many mild and asymptomatic cases that were infectious. Our data support the role that mass screening, coupled with isolation and contract tracing, can have in slowing the COVID-19 epidemic. PMID: 33220696 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Taheri Soodejani M, Tabatabaei SM, Dehghani A, McFarland W, Sharifi H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Digestive System in Children: A Retrospective Study.
CONCLUSION: The findings showed that there were no severe clinical GI symptoms in children with COVID-19 infection. Besides, children with increased liver enzymes did not have more respiratory involvement than those without a rise in liver enzymes. PMID: 33220697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Esmaeili Dooki M, Mehrabani S, Sorkhi H, Nikpour M, Tabatabaie M, Mohammadi M, Kiani M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

A Multicenter Survey on the Trend of Chest CT Scan Utilization: Tracing the First Footsteps of COVID-19 in Iran.
CONCLUSION: The observed peak in chest CT utilization in Month 3 prior to the surge in Month 6 could be explained by the seasonal influenza. However, unawareness about an emerging viral disease, i.e. COVID-19, might have underutilized chest CT in Months 4 and 5 before the official announcement in Month 6. The unbalanced increase in the workload of radiology departments in the shortage of cardiothoracic radiologists with the simultaneous decrease in income initiated a vicious cycle that worsened the economic repercussions of the pandemic. PMID: 33220698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Radmard AR, Gholamrezanezhad A, Montazeri SA, Kasaeian A, Nematollahy N, Molaee Langrudi R, Javad Rashid R, Dehghan A, Hekmatnia A, Shakourirad A, Pezeshki Rad M, Nafisi Moghadam R, Sharifian H, Enhesari A, Aalinezhad M, Jamalipour Soufi G, Shakibafard A, Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

A Review on Applicable and Available Paraclinical Methods for Diagnosis of Coronavirus Disease-19.
CONCLUSION: Since early and accurate diagnosis of the viral disease could improve the survival rate of the patients, and halt the transmission chain, it is not surprising that tremendous attempts should be made to reduce the limitations of the tests leading to the false-negative results and to find a rapid test for the diagnosis of COVID-19. PMID: 33220699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Rafiee M, Parsaei F, Rahimi Pordanjani S, Amiri V, Sabour S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Acute Cardiac Injury in COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Acute cardiac injury in COVID-19 patients is more frequent than what was expected at the beginning of the outbreak. Meanwhile, further studies are needed to investigate the utility of cardiac biomarkers as diagnostic and prognostic tools for long-term cardiac complications of this infection. PMID: 33220700 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - November 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Vakhshoori M, Heidarpour M, Shafie D, Taheri M, Rezaei N, Sarrafzadegan N Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

The Khuzestan Comprehensive Health Study (KCHS): Methodology and Profile of Participants.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide, with a disproportionally rising burden among low- and middle-income populations. While preventable risk factors highly contribute to this burden, population-based studies assessing these factors and the health status of these populations, are scarce. METHODS: The Khuzestan Comprehensive Health Study (KCHS)-a cross sectional study-was conducted between 2016-2019, including 30,506 Iranians aged 20 to 65 years, from 27 counties of Khuzestan province, southwest of Iran. KCHS aimed to provide a comprehensive health over...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - October 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Cheraghian B, Sharafkhah M, Mohammadi Z, Hariri S, Rahimi Z, Danehchin L, Paridar Y, Abolnejadian F, Noori M, Mard SA, Eghtesad S, Shayanrad A, Etemadi A, Ghanbari R, Hashemi F, Masoudi S, Shayesteh AA, Poustchi H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Developing "Code of Ethics for Medical Professionals, Medical Council of Islamic Republic of Iran".
CONCLUSION: According to the approved decision by the Supreme Council of IRIMC on May 10, 2018, the final edition takes effect as of October 7, 2018. PMID: 33107306 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - October 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Shamsi-Gooshki E, Parsapoor A, Asghari F, Parsa M, Saeedinejad Y, Biroudian S, Fadavi M, Khalajzadeh MR, Namazi HR, Ghasemzadeh N, Omani Samani R, Milanifar A, Raoofi A, Rouhbakhsh Halvaei S, Mousavi MS, Zali A, Fazel I, Zafarghandi MR, Idani E, Moin M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

An Update of Helicobacter pylori Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors in Southern Iran: A Population-Based Study.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of H. pylori was estimated to be low in southern Iran in comparison with previous reports or other developing countries. Preventive strategies with respect to low prevalence rates may be considered in the childhood period. PMID: 33107307 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - October 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ziyaee F, Alborzi A, Pouladfar G, Pourabbas B, Asaee S, Roosta S Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of HTLV-1 and Co-infections of Blood-Borne Viruses in Birjand, Iran's Eastern Border.
CONCLUSION: Although a higher prevalence of the viruses was expected, it was close to the overall Iranian population. With respect to close relationship with an HTLV-1 endemic area (Mashhad and Neyshabour), the prevalence is very low; however, more attention is needed. Our findings reinforce the importance of increasing knowledge about BBV-related health risk behaviors to prevent the emergence of new cases, especially in low-risk populations. PMID: 33107308 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - October 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Yousefi M, Sharifzadeh GR, Ebrahimzadeh A, Azarkar Z, Namaei MH, Azarkar G, Ahmadi Ghezeldasht S, Rezaee R, Valizadeh Zare N, Mosavat A, Ziaee M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Potential Value of miR-23a for Discriminating Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder from Multiple Sclerosis.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Until now, no laboratory test or test set can guarantee the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) at early disease stages, and the disease symptoms may interfere with many other disease conditions. Analyzing the expression of circulating miRNAs may provide a useful approach for early and differential MS diagnosis. The main objective is assessment of the potential of serum miR-23a, miR-155, and miR-572 to differentiate between MS and other neuroinflammatory diseases. METHODS: Serum miRNAs were obtained from 37 MS patients and 25 healthy age-matched controls, along with patients with neuromy...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - October 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Sharaf-Eldin W, Kishk N, Sakr B, El-Hariri H, Refeat M, ElBagoury N, Essawi M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Functional Analysis of RELN S2486G Mutation and its Contribution to Pathogenesis of Ankylosing Spondylitis.
This study is designed to investigate the potential effect of RELN S2486G mutation on reelin secretion; additionally, we objected to evaluate the phospholipase A2 (PLA2G7) gene (OMIM: 601690) expression and platelet-activating factor-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) concentration as the downstream gene and the encoded protein. METHODS: The impact of the S2486G on reelin protein secretion was investigated in CHO-K1 and HEK-293T cells by constructing wild-type and mutant plasmids. Besides, the possible effect of the mutation on expression and concentration of PLA2G7 and PAF-AH in THP1 cells was assessed by quantitative real-tim...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - October 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Esmaeilzadeh-Gharehdaghi E, Razmara E, Bitaraf A, Jamshidi A, Mahmoudi M, Garshasbi M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Evaluation of Iranian Medical Journals from the Perspective of Publication Ethics.
CONCLUSION: Modifying processes or introducing new rules for indicators of publication ethics by trustee organizations can improve the current status. These seven indicators can also be used to rank journals. PMID: 33107311 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - October 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Shamsi-Gooshki E, Bagheri H, Salesi M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Microfistulas Causing Diverse Regional Ischemia: Consecutive Inferior and Lateral ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction.
We describe a case report of an adult patient who presented with acute inferior myocardial infarction due to coronary-artery microfistulas. During the hospital stay, the patient re-experienced chest pain, and control electrocardiography revealed ST-segment elevation in the I and AVL leads along with reciprocal ST-segment depression in the inferior precordial leads. Although CAFs are clinically rare, they can have important clinical consequences. Microfistulas should be kept in mind as a cause of ST elevation myocardial infarction in some patients. PMID: 33107312 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - October 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Çınar T, Karabağ Y, Rencuzogullari İ, Cağdaş M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

In Honor of Dr. Abdul Hussein Taba: Iranian Physician and Former Director of the Eastern Mediterranean Region of the World Health Organization.
Abstract The honorable Abdul Hussein Tabatabaei was born in 1911 in Iran and received his medical education in the United Kingdom. Famously known as Dr. A.H. Taba, he was a well-respected man for his significant impact on the improvement of the national and global healthcare services and support for social justice. Before joining the World Health Organization (WHO), he was twice elected to the Iranian national assembly and served as the under-secretary of health services in Iran. Later, he joined the WHO and was elected as the Director of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMRO) in Alexandria in 1957 - a position h...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - October 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mounesan L, Mostafavi E Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Comment on GSK3 β Polymorphisms and Colorectal Cancer.
Comment on GSK3β Polymorphisms and Colorectal Cancer. Arch Iran Med. 2020 Oct 01;23(10):712 Authors: Yasri S, Wiwanitkit V PMID: 33107314 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - October 1, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Yasri S, Wiwanitkit V Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Occult Hepatitis C Virus Infection among Hemodialysis Patients: An Iranian Experience.
CONCLUSION: This study showed that there is a risk of OCI among CHD patients; the very low and undetectable viral loads of OCI warrant further follow-up molecular testing for earlier diagnosis and treatment in the era of DAA. PMID: 32979904 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Taherpour S, Javanmard D, Ziaee M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Antiproliferative Effects of Recombinant Apoptin on Lung and Breast Cancer Cell Lines.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Selective therapy has always been the main challenge in cancer treatments. Various non-replicative oncolytic viral systems have revealed the safety and efficacy of using viruses and these products. The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of recombinant apoptin on the proliferation of lung cancer and breast cancer cell lines. METHODS: The present study consisted of two steps of expression of recombinant apoptin and its anti-proliferative effects on normal and cancer cells. In the first step, following bioinformatics and optimizing apoptin gene sequencing and synthesis, it was expres...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ezami Razliqi M, Olad G, Dorostkar R, Heydari S, Esmaeili Gouvarchin Ghaleh H Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Risk Factors Associated with Heart Valve Thrombosis in Patients with Prosthetic Heart Valve Dysfunction.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Thrombotic and thromboembolic events are important causes of mortality and morbidity in patients with prosthetic heart valve. The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors that may contribute to prosthetic heart valve thrombosis. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in Rajaie Heart Center on patients with prosthetic heart valve malfunction, within a year. According to the echocardiographic and fluoroscopic findings, the patients were divided into two groups (thrombosis and non-thrombosis groups). The patients' demographic, clinical and laboratory data were recorded and analyzed wi...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Noohi Bezanjani F, Gohari S, Bassiri HA, Ahangar H, Reshadmanesh T Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Beneficial Effects of Adding Topical Atorvastatin 5% Cream to Topical Betamethasone 1% Ointment on Chronic Hand Eczema.
This study aimed at investigating the efficacy of adding topical atorvastatin to topical betamethasone in the treatment of chronic HE. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled research was done between October 2017 and August 2018 in Hamadan, Iran. Of 130 cases treated for HE, 88 were randomly assigned to groups receiving either betamethasone 1% ointment plus atorvastatin 5% cream (n = 44) or betamethasone 1% ointment plus vehicle cream (n=44). Both groups applied their medications twice a day for 10 days. The primary outcome was changes in the severity of HE, assessed by hand eczema severity index (...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mehrpooya M, Ghaed-Amini F, Firozian F, Mohammadi Y, Alirezaei P Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

An Updated Meta-analysis on the Risk of Urologic Cancer in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The risk of urologic cancers in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains uncertain. We investigated the association between SLE and incident urologic cancers through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library to identify articles that recorded prostate, bladder, or kidney cancers in SLE patients from inception to August 31, 2018. We included observational, case-control, or cohort studies with no language restriction. Two investigators screened and extracted the data independently. RESULTS: Fourteen cohort s...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Yeo J, Seo MS, Hwang IC, Shim JY Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

A Case of Congenital Hepatoblastoma Coexisting with Pulmonary Hypertension.
Conclusion: HBL is an embryonal tumor which can develop early in the intrauterine period. Although the mechanism is not known, it may cause PHT which would affect the prognosis negatively. PMID: 32979909 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Özdemir ZC, Çakıl Sağlık A, Düzenli Kar Y, Köşger P, Arık D, Tekin AN, Bör Ö Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Razi and his Concepts on Bone and Joint Disorders.
Abstract This brief review presents Razi's concepts of bone and joint disorders. Razi differentiated between ligaments, tendons, and nerves and recognized the role of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system in the perception of senses and voluntary movements. He described paralysis and loss of sensation following brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system injuries. Razi presented an early concept of compartment syndrome. Razi's approach to fracture management is very similar to the current concept of functional bracing for some fractures. Razi mentioned suturing the wounds and ligation of blee...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Afshar A, Tabrizi A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Validity of a Serological Diagnostic Kit for SARS-CoV-2 Available in Iran.
CONCLUSION: This test can be used for epidemiological investigations, especially for the estimation of the level of infection in the community, after it is properly corrected for sensitivity and specificity. The low sensitivity could be attributed to the technical limitations of the kit or low levels of antibodies after infection. The different sensitivity in age and sex groups supports the hypothesis that different people show different immune responses to this virus. PMID: 32979911 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Shamsollahi HR, Amini M, Alizadeh S, Nedjat S, Akbari-Sari A, Rezaei M, Allameh SF, Fotouhi A, Yunesian M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Anxiety Severity Levels and Coping Strategies during the COVID-19 Pandemic among People Aged 15 Years and Above in Gonabad, Iran.
CONCLUSION: The severity of anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic was significant among participants. Further attention is needed to enhance the mental health of the vulnerable population during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings also identified some factors related to the severity level of anxiety related to COVID-19 that could help formulate better psychological interventions. PMID: 32979912 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mohammadzadeh F, Delshad Noghabi A, Khosravan S, Bazeli J, Armanmehr V, Paykani T Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Acute Mesenteric Ischemia in a Patient with COVID-19: A Case Report.
We report a case of extensive acute mesenteric ischemia associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed in a patient hospitalized in Amin Hospital - a COVID-19 referral center in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. This case highlights the importance of paying attention to serious and less common or less known clinical manifestations other than fever, dry cough, dyspnea, and myalgia. PMID: 32979913 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Sehhat S, Talebzadeh H, Hakamifard A, Melali H, Shabib S, Rahmati A, Larki-Harchegani A Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Case Fatality Rate of COVID-19: Meta-Analysis Approach.
PMID: 32979914 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Almasi-Hashiani A, Doosti-Irani A, Mansournia MA Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

COVID-19: The Challenge of Disadvantaged Groups and their Access to Care.
PMID: 32979915 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Zanganeh M, Moradi N, Zarei L, Rezapour A, Bagheri Lankarani K Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Adverse Impact of Sanctions on Control of COVID-19 Epidemic in Iran.
PMID: 32979916 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nikpajouh A, Ahadi MS Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Social Distancing: A Pandemic of Advanced Diseases Is at Birth.
PMID: 32979917 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - August 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Molavi Vardanjani H, Mirzazadeh A, Mahmoudi-Nezhad G Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Twelve-Year History of STEMI Management in Tehran Heart Center: Concomitant Reduction of In-Hospital Mortality and Hospitalization Length.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular-related death remains the major cause of mortality in Iran despite significant improvements in its care. In the present study, we report the in-hospital mortality, hospitalization length, and treatment methods for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in Tehran Heart Center (THC). METHODS: Records pertaining to patients with STEMI from March 2006 to March 2017 were extracted from the databases of THC. Besides a description of temporal trends, multivariable regression analysis was used to find factors associated with in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: Du...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Saadatagah S, Ghodsi S, Omidi N, Poorhosseini H, Salarifar M, Sadeghian S, Alidoosti M, Kassaian SE, Aghajani H, Mortazavi SH, Hosseini K, Geraiely B Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Assessment of Lifestyle and Eating Habits among a Nationally Representative Sample of Iranian Adolescent Girls: the CASPIAN-V Study.
CONCLUSION: Improvement of lifestyle habits should be considered in public health plans for health promotion of adolescent girls and the next generation. Primordial prevention of chronic diseases by improving healthy lifestyle of adolescent girls should be a national public health priority. PMID: 32894963 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Shayan-Moghadam R, Heidari-Beni M, Riahi R, Motlagh ME, Fesharaki S, Heshmat R, Daniali SS, Kelishadi R Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

Comparison of Umbilical Cord Serum Vitamin D Levels between Infants with Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn and those without Respiratory Distress.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is one of the most frequent causes of respiratory distress in neonates. A relationship has been shown between vitamin D deficiency and respiratory disorders in neonates. This research was carried out to evaluate the serum level of vitamin D in TTN newborns and their mothers compared to the control group. METHODS: This case-control research was conducted during 2016-2019 in a general hospital affiliated with Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Thirty-four infants with TTN and 82 neonates in the control group as well as their mothers were i...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Boskabadi H, Maamouri G, Kalani-Moghaddam F, Ataee Nakhaei MH, Zakerihamidi M, Rakhshanizadeh F Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research