Cigarette smoking at workplace among resident physicians and nurses in Mansoura University Hospital.
Abstract Smoking at workplace (WP) is common among healthcare workers. A cross-sectional study was conducted upon resident physicians and nurses to determine the prevalence of WP smoking and its associated factors. A questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic and occupational data, smoking history, nicotine dependence, and attitude toward smoking and its control in WP. More than one-fifths (22.7%) of residents and nurses were current WP smokers. Significant independent predictors are having shift work, high nicotine dependence, and having positive attitude toward smoking with AOR (95% CI): 29.4 (4.9-177.1...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - May 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Abou-ElWafa HS, Zoromba MA, El-Gilany AH Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Manual material handling in the Tehran Grand Bazaar, a type of traditional heavy work with musculoskeletal effects.
Conclusions: The prevalence of MSDs is high in the porters of the Tehran Grand Bazaar, likely due to heavy MMH. PMID: 32431235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - May 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chinichian M, Mehrdad R, Pouryaghoub G Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Biomass cooking carbon monoxide levels in commercial canteens in Kigali, Rwanda.
Abstract Carbon monoxide (CO) is harmful to human health, yet there is limited evidence concerning emissions associated with biomass fuel cooking in occupational settings. Real-time 48-hour monitoring of CO concentrations at breathing height, was undertaken in staff and student kitchen and serving areas of two commercial canteens. We characterized two diurnal CO peaks coinciding with cooking activities. Peak CO concentrations of 255.5 ppm and 1-hour average of 76.3 ppm (IQR: 57.8-109.0 ppm) were observed in the student kitchen; the staff kitchen levels were 208.5 ppm, and 76.3 pp...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - May 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Woolley K, Bartington SE, Pope FD, Price MJ, Thomas GN, Kabera T Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Infant health outcomes among offspring of male U.S. military divers.
Abstract While there are suggestions that the extreme hyperbaric conditions encountered during deep saturation diving may impact male reproductive function, few studies have investigated whether paternal occupational diving influences offspring health outcomes. To examine this, Department of Defense Birth and Infant Health Research program data were used to identify the offspring of male active duty divers and non-divers in the U.S. military, 2001-2016. Log-binomial regression models estimated associations with infant outcomes (e.g., major structural birth defects, low birthweight). Among 1,148,252 identified sing...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - May 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hall C, Bukowinski AT, Jewell JA, Conlin AMS Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Factors influencing distribution patterns of cyanobacteria in an upland lake of the Kumaun Himalayas, India.
Abstract We study the dynamics of bloom-forming cyanobacteria and determined the major driving forces in subtropical lake of the Kumaun Himalayas, India. Water and plankton samples from different sites and depths of the lake were analyzed. Multivariate analyses were used to evaluate the factors controlling the distribution pattern of cyanobacteria. M. aeruginosa was the most abundant species with an average density of 10.39 × 106 individual/m3 and distributed throughout water depths. The geomorphic threshold modulates soil erosion processes resulting in lower transparency in the Himalayan lake;...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - May 4, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Inaotombi S, Sarma D Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Comparison of the epidemiology and injury profile among injured patients involved in special purpose vehicle-related incidents in South Korea.
Abstract Injuries caused by mobile machinery or special purpose vehicles (SPVs) can lead to high socio-medical cost and fatality. In this descriptive study, we compared the epidemiology and injury profile of injured patients involved in SPVs-related incidents. We analyzed a nationwide database of SPV-related injured patients between January 2011 and December 2016. Injured patients were classified into three groups: pedestrian, motor vehicle occupant (MVO), and SPV operator groups. Of 1,419 cases, the highest number of SPV-related injured patients were found in the age group 40-59 years (671 cases, 47.3%) an...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - April 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chai HS, Kim SC, Kong SY, Park GJ, Lee JH, Kim H, Lee SW, Lee HJ, Choi KM Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms among workers exposed to 1,3-Butadiene in a petrochemical industry in Iran.
This study aimed to evaluate pulmonary function among workers exposed to 1,3-butadiene and was carried out in a petrochemical industry in Iran. The study participants consisted of fifty male workers with current respiratory exposure to 1,3-butadiene and fifty non-exposed workers as the control group. Exposure to 1,3-butadiene was measured according to the NIOSH 1024 method. Respiratory symptom histories were collected through the American Thoracic Society respiratory symptom questionnaire. Lung functions were evaluated using spirometry method. The results showed that exposed participants had significantly higher prevalence...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - April 27, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sadeghi-Yarandi M, Golbabaei F, Karimi A Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Personal inhalable dust and endotoxin exposure among workers in an integrated textile factory.
This study showed a moderate correlation between inhalable dust and endotoxin (r = 0.450, p 
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - April 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tefera Y, Schlünssen V, Kumie A, Deressa W, Moen BE, Bråtveit M Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

MicroRNAs diagnostic and prognostic value as predictive markers for malignant mesothelioma.
Abstract Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive tumor resistant to current therapies with a latency period ranging between 20 and 60 years, caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers, that continues to represent a social and healthcare issue. The high percentage of people exposed to asbestos for professional or environmental reasons is associated with the high biopersistence of its fibers and with its widespread use in the last century. Approximately 20-40% of men report an occupational history that might have caused the workplace exposure (criteria Helsinki, 1997). Some authors are evaluating the possible use of bi...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - April 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sturchio E, Berardinelli MG, Boccia P, Zanellato M, Gioiosa S Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Potential years of life and productivity loss due to malignant mesothelioma in Turkey.
Abstract The study aimed to calculate years of life lost (YLL) and years of potential life lost (YPLL) due to malignant mesothelioma (MM) in Turkey. YLL was computed by estimating the difference between age at death due to MM and the expected death age. To calculate YPLL, all deaths above 65 years (retirement age) were disregarded. Of the 5,617 deaths due to MM in the study period, 3,241 (57.70%) were male and 2,376 (42.30%) were female. The median YLL and YPLL were 16.58 and 25.13 for males and 19.83 and 28.50 years for females. YLL and YPLL were shorter in males than females (p 
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - April 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Metintas S, Ak G, Metintas M Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Predominant role of antioxidants in ameliorating the oxidative stress induced by pesticides.
The objective of the current paper is to present a review of the potential role and protective mechanism action of the antioxidant micronutrient supplementation to ameliorate the oxidative stress induced by pesticides. Studies in animal models and human were retrieved through the relevant search of the literature and categorized. Various animal studies were categorized according to the type of supplementation. Animal studies provide evidence to conclude the potential protective role of antioxidants in ameliorating the adverse effects of pesticides. Similar studies in humans are meager suggesting for further comprehensive r...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - April 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Medithi S, Jonnalagadda PR, Jee B Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Quantitative assessment of environmental exposure of delivery men in Wuhan.
Abstract The take out industry is rapidly developing in China, but the environmental exposure of delivery men is neglected. "Ele.Me," an online food ordering platform, is one of the two largest catering online-to-offline platforms in China. From January 2018 to April 2018, data from 16,528 take out shops in Wuhan were crawled by using Python. The data included store name, average delivery time, delivery price, region, and store type. With the use of Baidu map's API batch reverse address resolution, the map locations of the take out shops were identified. Network service area was utilized to obtain the ac...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - March 31, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yang N, Fu R, Chao Y, Liu H, Ma X Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

The influence of climate change on human cardiovascular function.
Abstract Climate change is considered to have great impact on human health. The heat waves have been associated with excess morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) across various populations and geographic locations. Important role in the heat-induced cardiovascular damage has endothelial dysfunction. It has been noticed that hot weather can impair tone and structure of the blood vessels via interfering with variety of biological factors such as nitric oxide synthesize, cytokine production and systemic inflammation. Also, due to dehydration and increased blood viscosity, by promoting thrombogenesi...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - March 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gostimirovic M, Novakovic R, Rajkovic J, Djokic V, Terzic D, Putnik S, Gojkovic-Bukarica L Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Assessing the prevalence of meeting physical activity recommendations among U.S. healthcare workers: Data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey.
We examined the prevalence of U.S. healthcare workers who met the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (2008 Guidelines), and the relationships among meeting the 2008 Guidelines and health behaviors, musculoskeletal symptoms, and occupational- and workplace- factors. We estimated prevalence of meeting the 2008 Guidelines for aerobic and muscle-strengthening activity using data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey. Among 1,502 U.S. healthcare workers, 56.2% met the recommended guideline for aerobic activity; 30.1% met the recommended guideline for muscle-strengthening activity; and 25.3% met both...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - March 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Song M, Nam S, Buss J, Lee SJ Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Applying a social-ecological framework to Yucheng: 40 years after exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and dibenzofurans.
This study adopted a social-ecological model as a framework to provide a more complete description of Yucheng in order to understand its effects on affected individuals, communities, and society. At first, recent studies on Yucheng victim's health effects was updated. Long-term follow-up studies of Yucheng cohort have revealed the adverse health effects exerted on victims and their children. Subsequently, this study uses the disaster ecology model as a conceptual framework to review Yucheng. The movements of Yucheng victims and their supporters have constituted a primary actor for promoting the personal and legal rights of...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - March 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Li MH Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Variabilities in concentrations of selected perfluoroalkyl acids among normotensives and hypertensives across various stages of glomerular function.
Abstract Data (N = 10643) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for US adults aged> = 20 years for 2003-2016 were analyzed to evaluate how concentrations of selected perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAA) vary among normotensives and hypertensives across various stages of glomerular function (GF) namely from stage 1 to stage 3B/4. Regression models stratified by GF stages and hypertension status were fitted for each of the five PFAAs, namely, PFOA, PFOS, PFDA, PFHxS, and PFNA. For the total population, hypertensives had higher adjusted levels than normotensives for GF-1, GF-2, a...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - February 26, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jain RB Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Lung injury caused by occupational exposure to particles from the industrial combustion of cashew nut shells: a mice model.
Abstract Cashew nut shells (CNS) is already used in the energy matrix of some industries. However, it is necessary to know the harmful health effects generated by exposure to pollutants of its combustion, especially in the workers exposed to industrial pollutants. In addition, it is known that the incidence of asthma grows among workers in industries, and due to its previously reported biological effects of anethole, these will also be objects of the present study. We used 64 Balb/C mice, randomly divided into eight groups. Groups were sensitized and challenged with saline or ovalbumin, then subjected to intranasa...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - February 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Serra DS, Araujo RS, Oliveira MLM, Cavalcante FSA, Leal-Cardoso JH Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Toxicity and effects of copper oxide nanoparticles on cognitive performances in rats.
Abstract There is increasing scientific evidences that the physical and chemical properties of manufactured nanoparticles lead to an increase in their bioavailability and toxicity. Among them Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) are widely used in different fields. However their potential adverse effects namely on brain functions are still discussed. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the subacute oral toxicity and effects of CuO-NPs on cognitive performances in rats. Rats were randomly divided into three groups of 8 animals each, a control group received a dose 9‰ sodium chloride and the other gr...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - December 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ouni S, Askri D, Jeljeli M, Abdelmalek H, Sakly M, Amara S Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Influencing factors of coexistence PreDM and PreHTN in occupational population of state grid corporation of Chinese.
Conclusion: It is important to pay attention to the early stage of hypertension and diabetes, control the transition from PreHTN and PreDM to hypertension and diabetes, and improve the health of Power Supply Enterprise Population. PMID: 31847721 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - December 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Han X, Gao Y, Qi W, Ding S, Zhang Y, Xu Q, Zhao Y, Song X, Zhao T, Zhou L, Ye L Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Household air pollution and caste-ethnic differences in undernutrition among children in Nepal.
This study investigated whether the association between household air pollution (HAP) and nutritional status (stunting, underweight, or wasting) among children differ by caste/ethnicity. Child anthropometry data for 9,914 children aged 0-59 months were analyzed linearly as Z scores and as dichotomous categories. Exposure to HAP was significantly associated with a decrease in child height-for-age and child weight-for-age, as well as with stunting and underweight. Children in low caste (Dalits) had higher prevalence of stunting (odds ratio [OR] = 1.21; 95% confidence intervals [CI] = 1.01, ...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - December 13, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lamichhane DK, Leem JH, Kim HC Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Editorial Board (EOV).
Authors: PMID: 31661429 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - October 31, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Occupational health is global, too.
PMID: 31661430 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - October 31, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Guidotti TL Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Developement of health risk rating scale for indoor airborne fungal exposure.
Abstract This paper aims to quantify airborne fungal load in air-conditioned rooms and develop a health risk rating scale for different indoor environments. Five sampling locations in Kolkata frequented by a heterogeneous human population, containing various types of fungal growth-promoting substances (FGPS) like old documents, food items, waste hair, etc. were chosen as sampling locations where an Andersen Two-Stage Cascade Impactor was ran using Rose Bengal agar and Potato Dextrose agar media plates. Total spore load (CFU/m3), species diversity, species dominance, human exposure time, susceptible age and FGPS we...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - October 15, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chaudhuri A, Basu C, Bhattacharyya S, Chaudhuri P Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 31599211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - October 10, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

The prevalence and determinants of helmet use amongst commercial motorcyclists in Ido-Osi local government area.
This study is aimed at producing useful data on the prevalence, frequency, and determinants of helmet use among commercial motorcyclist in Ido-Osi Local Government Area, Ekiti State, Nigeria. The study was a descriptive/cross-sectional study. A total of 360 respondents were selected by multi-stage sampling technique and interviewed using assisted self-administered, semi-structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21. Determinants of helmet use examined included age, educational level, marital status and religion. There was a 100% response rate. More than half of the respondents were within the age range...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - October 10, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Adewoye KR, Aremu SK, Oluwatemitope C, Adeniyi AM, Agbana RD, Abioye OO, Issa YF Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 31560273 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - September 27, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Protective and risk factors for depressive mood and anxiety against occupational stress: examining temperament character and coping strategy among civil servants.
This study investigated protective and risk factors for depressive mood and anxiety against occupational stress, including temperament character and coping strategy, among civil servants. We administered a questionnaire that included demographic factors and psychological scales to 1197 Korean civil servants. High levels of occupational stress, temperaments of novelty seeking and harm avoidance, a character of cooperativeness, and using emotion-focused coping were risk factors for depressive mood, while living with a partner, having a character of self-directedness, and using problem-focused strategies were protective facto...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - September 23, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kim HR, Kim SM, Han DH, Lee YS Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Psychosocial risk factors at work associated with the level of physical activity among motorcycle taxi drivers.
jo TM Abstract Objective: To analyze the association of psychosocial risk factors at work, sociodemographic, and occupational characteristics with the level of physical activity among motorcycle taxi drivers. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 750 male motorcycle taxi drivers from the municipality of Jequié, Bahia, Brazil. A form containing sociodemographic and occupational characteristics was utilized. The psychosocial risk factors at work were evaluated by the Job Content Questionnaire and the level of physical activity by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. The adjusted associations were ...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - September 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Teixeira JRB, Mussi FC, Mota TN, Lua I, Macedo TTS, Souza AR, de Araújo TM Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Psychosocial Aspects at work and the Quality of Sleep of Professors in Higher Education.
er FM Abstract The present study aims to investigate the association between psychosocial aspects at work and the quality of sleep of professors in a public university in Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted, with descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analysis, including a random sample of 423 professors. The psychosocial aspects work aspects were associated to a perception of poor sleep quality. In analysis of effect modifiers, the variable "practice of physical activity" modified the main association under test. Among professors that did not practice physical activit...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - September 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Freitas AMC, Araújo TM, Fischer FM Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Another target organ?
PMID: 31448703 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - August 28, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Guidotti TL Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Blood lead level and Helicobacter pylori infection in a healthy population: A cross-sectional study.
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate whether elevated blood lead level (BLL) is a risk factor for Helicobacter pylori infection. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed on 2,625 subjects who visited a university hospital for general health examination. H. pylori infection was detected using histologic examination with Giemsa staining, and BLLs were measured. The mean BLL was 2.83 ± 1.31 μg/dL. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was 27.8%. The BLL was significantly higher in the H. pylori infection-positive group compared to the non-infected group (2.96 &...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - August 20, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Park WJ, Kim SH, Kang W, Ahn JS, Cho S, Lim DY, Kim S, Moon JD Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

A historical job-exposure matrix for occupational exposure to diesel exhaust using elemental carbon as an indicator of exposure.
son P Abstract Any study of the long-term health effects of diesel exhaust exposure requires past exposure to be assessed. Few historical measurements of occupational exposure to elemental carbon (EC) are available, so past exposure must be assessed using models and judgments based on indirect data. A job-exposure matrix (JEM) for historical occupational exposure to diesel exhaust based on EC is presented. Past exposure to EC in occupations with a high exposure to diesel exhaust was assessed using an eight-step process. The assessments were based on technical specific data and NO2-exposure data, and a current EC-e...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - August 1, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Plato N, Lewné M, Gustavsson P Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Statement of Retraction.
Authors: PMID: 31345139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - July 25, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Prediction of the length of service at the onset of coal workers' pneumoconiosis based on neural network.
This study provided a scientific basis for effective control and prevention of the incidence of the pneumoconiosis. PMID: 31328665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - July 22, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhang Y, Zhang Y, Liu B, Meng X Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Taking responsibility for the anthropocene.
PMID: 31258029 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Guidotti T Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

The heat exposure risk to outdoor workers in Brazil.
Abstract Heat exposure is a major cause of health issues in outdoor workers. The aim of this study is to show a macro analysis of the heat exposure risk (HER) countrywide through the WBGT index. The index estimates are conducted from 50 years of meteorological observations. The HER takes into account the light, moderate, and heavy workloads, and the HER maps are separately generated decade by decade and season by season. It was found that HER has stronger effect on heavy workload workers during summer. It is even more critical in the Northern, Northeastern, and in part of Midwestern Brazil. There was HER in...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - July 1, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pires Bitencourt D, Alves Maia P, Cauduro Roscani R Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Nitrogen dioxide and acute respiratory tract infections in children in Indonesia.
Abstract We evaluated associations between air pollution (nitrogen dioxide [NO2] and sulfur dioxide [SO2]) and health in children aged 0-3 years in Indonesia. We included 4931 Indonesian children born between 2009 and 2011. We assigned participants provincial-levels of NO2 and SO2 and examined associations with low birth weight, infant death, neonatal death, and acute respiratory infection (ARI). We estimated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using a generalized estimating equations logistic regression model. NO2 exposure increased the risk for ARI. An interquartile range increase in mean N...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - June 24, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Suryadhi MAH, Abudureyimu K, Kashima S, Yorifuji T Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Occupational exposure to respirable dust from the coal-fired power generation process: sources, concentration, and health risk assessment.
Abstract To investigate the contamination levels of respirable dust released in the work environment and the induced workers' health risk at a coal-fired power plant, we collected 405 dust samples from different dusty workstations by personal sampling during the coal-fired power generation process. Then, an inhalation risk assessment model from the USEPA was combined with the Monte Carlo simulation method to quantitatively evaluate the health risk caused by dust inhalation. Of 10 workstations researched, the dust concentration in the most workstations exceeded the prescribed occupational exposure limit. Workers en...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tong R, Liu J, Ma X, Yang Y, Shao G, Li J, Shi M Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Silicotuberculosis as an occupational infection: rate, risk factors and control strategies.
Abstract Silicotuberculosis is critical in the community places among workers and employees exposing to silica dust. Older age of entry (>30 years), male sex, infection with HIV, exposure duration, smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, migration, the severity of the silicosis, and the intensity of the exposure are potential risk factors. Lack of on time diagnosis and treatment for tuberculosis may also raise the rate of infection, however, previous treatment of TB is possibly associated with develop to silicotuberculosis in more than half of patients, increasing with age (>40 years). ...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - June 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ghasemian A, Nojoomi F, Rajabi-Vardanjani H Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

What does the proposed "Green New Deal" mean for EOH research?
What does the proposed "Green New Deal" mean for EOH research? Arch Environ Occup Health. 2019;74(3):93-94 Authors: Guidotti TL PMID: 31177988 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - June 12, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Guidotti TL Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Alcohol consumption in a sample of Italian healthcare workers: A cross-sectional study.
Abstract Since previous evidence suggested a risky alcohol consumption among healthcare workers (HCW), this study aimed to investigate the patterns of alcohol use in a sample of HCWs in Italy, through the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Consumption (AUDIT-C). Overall, 639 HCWs participated in the study. 43.8% of them reported a score of 0 at AUDIT-C test. Drinkers were divided into "low-risk" and "at-/high-risk," being respectively the 47.1% and 9.1% of the whole sample. There were significant differences between abstainers and drinkers, and between low-risk and at-/high-risk drinkers...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - June 7, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Albano L, Ferrara P, Serra F, Arnese A Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

A comparison between cognitive and affective job insecurities.
Conclusion: The differences observed in the degree of insecurity between the affective and the cognitive forms confirm that they are measuring different components of the insecurity construct. These differences are partly due to the economic situation of their households. PMID: 31131739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - May 27, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Salas-Nicás S, Navarro A, Llorens C, Moncada S Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Accommodative asthenopia among Romanian computer-using medical students-A neglected occupational disease.
Abstract Computers have become to play an important role in people's lives throughout the world thus increasing the number of patients with ocular complaints. Also known as computer vision syndrome, accommodative asthenopia might be considered as a neglected occupational condition, but there is no consensus regarding diagnostic criteria, which leads to under-recognition and under-reporting. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence, early symptoms and specific preventive measures of accommodative asthenopia among computer-using medical students (n = 420), in a cross-sectional study. The ...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - May 24, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Moldovan HR, Voidazan ST, Moldovan G, Vlasiu MA, Moldovan G, Panaitescu R Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Patterns of progressive massive fibrosis on modern coal miner chest radiographs.
Abstract Clinical teaching generally asserts that large opacities of progressive massive fibrosis (PMF) on chest radiographs present primarily bilaterally in the upper lung zones, and with an elevated background profusion of small opacities. However, the contemporary basis for these descriptions is limited. Radiographs taken for the Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program during 2000-2015 and previously determined to have large opacities ("PMF radiographs", n = 204), and a random sample previously deemed free of large opacities (n =22), were independently reevaluated by three Natio...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Halldin CN, Blackley DJ, Markle T, Cohen RA, Laney AS Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

High levels of isocyanic acid in smoke generated during hot iron cauterization.
Abstract Pyrolysis of nitrogen containing biofuels generates isocyanic acid (ICA) and we here studied if ICA also is present in cauterization smoke. Air sampling was performed when animal technicians that had developed airway symptoms worked with dehorning. Tissue heated in a laboratory model was used to mimic cauterization. ICA in air at the workplace exceeded 10 times the national exposure limit. In the laboratory, the ICA generated per mg tissue from heated hair, horn and nail was 13.9 ± 7.8, 24.0 ± 4.1 and 32.0 ± 2.9 µg, respectively. ...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - May 9, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Leanderson P, Krapi B Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

What can musicians' claims data reveal about their musculoskeletal conditions?
Abstract Musculoskeletal (MSK) symptoms are common amongst professional musicians. No study has reported on workers' compensation claims (WCCs) of musicians to determine the proportion of claims and costs attributed to MSK conditions. We analyzed Australian WCCs for professional musicians 2004/2005-2015/2016. MSK conditions accounted for 69.78% of claims; 50.46% of which were for upper limb conditions. MSK conditions also accounted for 77.76% of costs for musicians' WCC. The most common reported mechanism for MSK claims was body stressing (72.48%), and the most common agency was "other non-powered equipment&q...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - May 7, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Stanhope J, Weinstein P, Pisaniello D Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome: Association between prevalence and risk at worksites.
This study, conducted at major Japanese companies, aimed to determine if asymptomatic workers in workplaces with a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome have a greater risk of developing metabolic syndrome. Data were obtained from the health records of 298,145 people, from 2011 to 2015. We collected data on the participants' age, sex, physical examinations, laboratory tests, and lifestyle behaviors. To test whether the risk of metabolic syndrome in asymptomatic workers differed between groups with a higher and lower prevalence in 2011, Cox proportional hazards regression model was performed, with the covariates being contr...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - May 7, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kakinuma M, Ide H, Nakao K, Ichikawa D, Nagai R, Furui Y Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Statement of Retraction.
Authors: PMID: 31038050 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - April 30, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Job hazards and respiratory symptoms in Hispanic female domestic cleaners.
In conclusion, this vulnerable population has high prevalence of physician-diagnosis asthma and BHR symptoms and is potentially exposed to myriad occupational hazards. Further research exploring associations between products use, cleaning tasks and respiratory symptoms is warranted. PMID: 31033410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health)
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - April 29, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Whitworth KW, Berumen-Flucker B, Delclos GL, Fragoso S, Mata C, de Porras DGR Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Occupational noise exposure and hearing loss: A study of knowledge, attitude and practice among Tanzanian iron and steel workers.
n BE Abstract We assessed Knowledge Attitude and Practice (KAP) regarding occupational noise exposure, Noise-induced hearing loss, audiometry and use of hearing protection devices among iron and steel factory workers exposed to high noise level. A modified, validated, structured questionnaire was used to collect information from 253 male workers randomly selected from the four factories. The sum scores for each domain of KAP were computed. Scores above 75% were defined as good knowledge and positive attitude. For practice, scores of>50% were defined as good. Independent samples t-test and Chi-squared test were ...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - April 29, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nyarubeli IP, Tungu AM, Bråtveit M, Moen BE Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research