Weight-for-height Z-score improves in half of undernourished children hospitalized in surgical wards.
CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the Z-WFH of undernourished children upon admission improved during hospitalization. PMID: 33069563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - October 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wallon C, Binet A, Bernardo K, Le Touze A, Lesage V, Laffon M, Lardy H, Hankard R, De Luca A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Pediatric pheochromocytoma in association with Von Hippel-Lindau disease: Focus on screening strategies.
CONCLUSION: The discovery of a pheochromocytoma in a child must be systematically investigated for an underlying genetic cause. In the particular case of children carrying a mutation of the VHL gene, annual abdominal imaging should be included in the pheochromocytoma screening protocol from the age of 5 years. PMID: 33067065 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - October 13, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Vérot PL, Rabattu PY, Chabre O, Gayot A, Sartelet H, Faguet R, Robert Y, Piolat C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Assessment of the nutritional status of children according to maternal reports: Are mothers' perceptions of their children's appetite accurate?
CONCLUSION: In this study, no significant difference was evident between children defined as having good or poor appetite by their mothers, especially in terms of energy and nutrients. PMID: 33028493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - October 4, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bayindir Gümüş A, Yardimci H, Koç N, Kara Uzun A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Risks of severe hyponatremia in children receiving hypotonic fluids.
Abstract Intravenous fluids are frequently used in hospitalized children. Hypotonic fluids have been the standard of care in pediatrics for many years. This might be explained by the empiricism of early recommendations favoring fluids with dextrose, but an insufficient amount of sodium. The risk of hyponatremia (
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - October 4, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mercier JC, Titomanlio L, Basmaci R, Gaschignard J Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

The new European regulatory framework for infant and follow-on formulas: Comments from the Committee of Nutrition of the French Society of Pediatrics (CN-SFP).
de Pédiatrie (CN-SFP) PMID: 33023722 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - October 1, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bocquet A, Briend A, Chouraqui JP, Darmaun D, Feillet F, Frelut ML, Guimber D, Hankard R, Lapillonne A, Peretti N, Roze JC, Simeoni U, Turck D, Dupont C, Comité de Nutrition de la Société Française de Pédiatrie (CN-SFP) Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Endogenous endophthalmitis as a severe complication following a Streptococcus pyogenes infection.
We report a pediatric case of endogenous endophthalmitis due to Streptococcus pyogenes angina. A previously healthy 33-month-old child presented to the emergency department with a history of fever and fatigue related to bacterial angina. On physical examination, an opalescent cornea was noticed and the diagnosis of endogenous endophthalmitis was confirmed by the pediatric ophthalmologist. Streptococcus pyogenes was found in blood culture and in the anterior chamber fluid. There was an adverse outcome with posterior vitrectomy and eye atrophy. Since endogenous endophthalmitis can lead to a poor visual outcome, urgent t...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Martinod M, Bost-Bru C, Mortamet G Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Substance abuse among children.
In conclusion, this challenge requires consistent and unremitting attention in order to execute effective prevention programs with continuous re-evaluation of the situation. PMID: 33011026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Aly SM, Omran A, Gaulier JM, Allorge D Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

The EPICES score: A tool for assessing parental socioeconomic vulnerability of children with type 1 diabetes.
rat P PMID: 33011027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Picquart M, Vautier V, Pochelu S, Campas MN, Bertet K, Cousinié D, Bergeron A, Barat P Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Is vulnerability associated with substance use? A study among youth in Switzerland.
In conclusion, this study shows the association between level of vulnerability and substance use, especially cannabis use. The results also demonstrate the complexity around vulnerability and how the interaction with social aspects influences vulnerability. Youths presenting familial, educational, or financial problems need to be especially screened for substance use by healthcare providers. PMID: 33011028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Van Ruymbeke C, Barrense-Dias Y, Suris JC Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Simulation-based pediatric training: A French national survey.
CONCLUSION: Compared with the 2012 report, 19 new centers have emerged within 6 years in France (+158%). Pursuing research to evaluate the impact of simulation programs on physician skills and patient management would appear to be important. PMID: 33011029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Takvorian C, Le Reun C, Jourdain M, Nuytten A, Martinot A, Dubos F Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Testicular hypertrophy as predictor of contralateral nonpalpable testis among Chinese boys: An 18-year retrospective study.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of contralateral testis hypertrophy for predicting the fate of nonpalpable testis in Chinese boys at different ages. METHODS: The data of patients who presented with unilateral impalpable testis and who underwent laparoscopy at the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between January 1, 2000 and January 1, 2018 were reviewed. The boys were divided into four groups: age-matched volunteers with no testicular abnormalities represented the control group (group I), boys with palpable undescended testis (group II), boys with nonpalpable testis (NPT)/viable t...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wei Y, Yu C, Zhou Y, Zhao TX, Lin T, He D, Wu SD, Wei GH Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Comparing the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in hearing-impaired children with normal-hearing peers.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of ADHD in school-aged children with hearing loss is higher than that in the general population of the same age. We could not find significant differences between the different subgroups due to the small sample size. Therefore, we recommend a further larger study to determine the interaction between hearing loss and ADHD. PMID: 33011031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Soleimani R, Jalali MM, Faghih HA Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Assessment of PELOD-2 and PIM-3 scores of children coming from the war in Syria.
CONCLUSION: We consider that the source of the difference between patients brought from the border and those living in Turkey may be associated with the continuing war beyond our borders and children experiencing insufficient care conditions. In conclusion, it is not just weapons that cause death in war, and children unfortunately suffer because of this situation. PMID: 33011032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Koker A, Çoban Y, Aydin Koker S, Akbaş Y, Oz Tuncer G, Tural Kara T Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Adverse events related to ibuprofen treatment for patent ductus arteriosus in premature neonates.
CONCLUSION: Gastrointestinal complications observed in infants treated with ibuprofen for PDA including gastrointestinal perforations occur in less mature infants. Active chart review of the patient's medical file with a trigger tool should be evaluated for routine ADR monitoring. PMID: 33011033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ndour D, Bouamari H, Berthiller J, Claris O, Plaisant F, Nguyen KA Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Clinical features and outcomes in children with bone and joint infections of the ankle or foot.
CONCLUSION: Physicians should be aware that pediatric BJIs of the lower limb may involve the foot and ankle. S. aureus is frequently involved. In cases of osteomyelitis, complications are closely associated with subperiosteal abscesses justifying an early diagnosis. These BJIs must be treated rapidly, and the risk of sequelae justifies long-term follow-up. PMID: 33011034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nadau E, Joseph C, Haraux E, Deroussen F, Gouron R, Klein C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pediatricians' clinical activity in Cameroon.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The outbreak of COVID-19 has imposed many challenges on health systems. The purpose of this study was to describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the clinical activity of pediatricians. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional and descriptive online survey among pediatricians practicing in Cameroon. Data were collected through an anonymous pre-tested Google Form®. RESULTS: Among the 118 pediatricians eligible for the survey, 101 responded (85.6%), of whom 61.2% were women. The pediatric outpatient consultations dropped significantly from 60.4% of pediatricians seeing more t...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Enyama D, Chelo D, Noukeu Njinkui D, Mayouego Kouam J, Fokam Djike Puepi Y, Mekone Nkwele I, Ndenbe P, Nguefack S, Nguefack F, Kedy Koum D, Tetanye E Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Effects of visual disorders on the academic achievement of French secondary school students.
CONCLUSION: Although the results of this study cannot be extrapolated to all young people aged 15-22 years, the study confirms the link between visual problems and academic achievement while emphasizing the high prevalence of such problems in the population studied. PMID: 32978049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kovarski C, Portalier S, Faucher C, Carlu C, Bremond-Gignac D, Orssaud C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Childhood anemia and iron deficiency in sub-Saharan Africa - risk factors and prevention: A review.
Abstract Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia are public health issues recognised by the World Health Organisation, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In some countries on this continent, the prevalence of anemia exceeds 60% in the pediatric population. Iron supplementation could prevent around one third of anemia cases in children in Africa and could decrease morbidity and mortality. A number of factors are behind this anemia, including iron deficiency caused by an inadequate diet, pica and geophagia, as well as chronic inflammation (malaria, digestive and urinary parasites, etc.). Ferritin is a good indicat...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 15, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lemoine A, Tounian P Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Pleuropneumonia resulting from varicella and COVID-19 co-infection in a 10-month-old infant.
We report the case of an infant who had a co-infection with both viruses that led to pleuropneumonia. The main question in the present case concerns the link between COVID-19 and varicella infection, and the possible modulation in immune response due to the two virus infections. PMID: 32933816 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Le Roux P, Millardet E, Duquenoy A, Labbé F, Vandendriessche A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Review: Why screen for severe combined immunodeficiency disease?
Abstract Newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is now routinely performed in many countries across Europe and around the world. The number of T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) reflects T cell levels. TREC quantification is possible using dried blood spot (DBS) samples already collected from newborns to screen for other conditions. This method is very sensitive and highly specific. Data in the literature show that the survival rate for children with SCID is much higher when the disease is detected through early screening, as opposed to a later diagnosis. Newborns diagnosed with SCID m...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 10, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Thomas C, Hubert G, Catteau A, Danielo M, Riche VP, Mahlaoui N, Moshous D, Audrain M Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Guidelines for the management of children at risk of secondary bone fragility: Expert opinion of a French working group.
The objective of these guidelines was to detail the current optimal management of children at risk of secondary bone fragility. PMID: 32921532 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 9, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Edouard T, Guillaume-Czitrom S, Bacchetta J, Sermet-Gaudelus I, Dugelay E, Martinez-Vinson C, Salles JP, Linglart A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Risk factors for urinary tract infections in children aged 0-36months presenting with fever without source and evaluated for risk of serious bacterial infections.
el PA Abstract BACKGROUND: Children younger than 36 months with fever without a source (FWS) are at risk of serious bacterial infections (SBI). The risk of occult bacteremia (OB) has been greatly reduced in vaccinated children. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiology of SBI in children with FWS in our setting and to evaluate the performance of our management algorithm. METHODS: We designed a prospective cohort study. We included children aged 0-36 months presenting with FWS in our emergency unit. Demographic and clinical characteristics, investigations, and management procedures were recorded at...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 8, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Williams-Smith JA, Fougère Y, Pauchard JY, Asner S, Gehri M, Crisinel PA Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

COVID-19 and schools. Guidelines of the French Pediatric Society.
Abstract The educational and social benefits provided by school far outweigh the risks of a possible COVID-19 contamination of children in school environments or in daycare centers. Following summer break, the back-to-school period in France is taking place in the context of an increasing viral spread and requires strict adherence to health measures to limit the risk of outbreaks in communities. Based on a critical update of the role of children in the transmission of the infection, and of children's susceptibility to infection, the French Pediatric Society published practical guidelines for school re-entry and th...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 3, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Cohen R, Delacourt C, Gras-Le Guen C, Launay E, French Pediatric Society Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Epidemiology of invasive early-onset neonatal infection in a French administrative district: A 10-year population-based study.
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of confirmed EONI is low in this French district. The diagnostic value of PCT umbilical blood cord should be assessed based on further studies before confirming its value. We suggest that a national registry of these rare but serious cases of EONI could contribute to monitoring the epidemiological progression as well as to optimizing our diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. PMID: 32896455 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 3, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dain C, Rozé JC, Caillon J, Flamant C, Muller JB, Boscher C, Launay E, Gras-Le Guen C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Can infants travel safely to mountain resorts?
PMID: 32893109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 2, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sonnet M, Hullo E, Mortamet G Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Spontaneous umbilical cord hematoma with a favorable outcome.
We describe a newborn infant with spontaneous umbilical cord hematoma, resulting in transient hypoxia-ischemia. Treatment with therapeutic hypothermia was rapidly initiated by a multidisciplinary team of obstetricians, midwives, and neonatologists. Risk factors for umbilical cord hematoma reported in the literature were investigated. The neurological signs, electroencephalogram, and blood analysis results improved rapidly. This case report demonstrates that the effective management of anoxia-ischemia caused by umbilical cord hematoma can lead to a positive outcome for the newborn infant. PMID: 32893110 [PubMed - as su...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 2, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pezron J, Tellai L, Tourneux P Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Parental presence during painful or invasive procedures in neonatology: A survey of healthcare professionals.
CONCLUSION: An important variability in practices concerning the role of parents during painful and invasive procedures on their child was reported. PMID: 32891481 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 1, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ponthier L, Ensuque P, Guigonis V, Bedu A, Bahans C, Teynie F, Medrel-Lacorre S Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Severe adenovirus pneumonia with hemophagocytic syndrome and respiratory failure.
We report the case of an 18-month-old infant with severe serotype 3 adenovirus pneumonia, exceptionally associated with hemophagocytic syndrome. Treatment included cidofovir and mechanical ventilation for 13 days. The child developed chronic respiratory insufficiency due to bronchiectasis and bronchiolitis obliterans. PMID: 32811705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - August 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: La Fay C, Bosdure E, Baravalle-Einaudi M, Stremler-Le Bel N, Dubus JC, Mazenq J Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Adverse reactions to food additives in children: A retrospective study and a prospective survey.
CONCLUSIONS: Allergies to food additives remain rare. Even if an IgE-mediated allergy was excluded with a negative OFC, families remained suspicious about ready-made products. Health professionals and parents should be reassured about the low risk of food dye intolerance or allergies. PMID: 32807620 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - August 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lemoine A, Pauliat-Desbordes S, Challier P, Tounian P Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Persistently high urine glucose levels caused by familial renal glycosuria.
Abstract Glycosuria generally occurs when the threshold for glucose reabsorption by the proximal renal tubule is exceeded or when reabsorption of filtered glucose is impaired. Although the discovery of glycosuria in a child will prompt screening for diabetes mellitus, it is also a sign of a rare tubulopathy called "familial renal glycosuria" (OMIM #233100). This tubulopathy is linked to a defect in the sodium-glucose co-transporter 2, encoded by the SLC5A2 gene. Here, we describe and discuss two pediatric cases in whom familial renal glycosuria was discovered fortuitously after the observation of pe...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - August 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Djeddi D, Cauliez A, Oulebsir A, Hureaux M, Vanrenterghem A, Vargas-Poussou R Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Was child abuse underdetected during the COVID-19 lockdown?
PMID: 32807622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - August 5, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Caron F, Plancq MC, Tourneux P, Gouron R, Klein C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

French preparticipation physical evaluation for children in 2020: What has changed?
Abstract At the end of 2019, there was discussion in France about whether to abolish the obligatory medical certificate of no contraindication for a minor to obtain a sports license. It was finally decided not to abolish the certificate, but it raises the question of which steps should be taken to assess the physical capacities of children. General practitioners or pediatricians are responsible for the preparticipation physical evaluation of children wishing to obtain a sports license, in particular involving over 20 mandatory consultations between the ages of 0 and 18. The purpose of the article is to propose a c...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - July 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tanne C, Pongas M Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Acute osteomyelitis of the distal fibula in children: Treatment options and long-term follow-up.
CONCLUSION: Acute osteomyelitis of the distal fibula in children is scarce and rarely reported in the literature. It occurs more often in boys at an average age of 7 years. Local symptoms are usually more obvious than general symptoms. Surgical debridement of the subperiosteal abscess without bone trepanation seems to lead to a satisfactory outcome. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV - case series. IRB: Sahloul Hospital Human Research Ethics Committee. PMID: 32736914 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - July 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kaziz H, Amine Triki M, Chermiti W, Mouelhi T, Naouar N, Laziz Ben Ayeche M Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Optimizing the sleep position of infants and embroidered "I sleep on my back" sleeping bags in maternity hospitals.
Optimizing the sleep position of infants and embroidered "I sleep on my back" sleeping bags in maternity hospitals. Arch Pediatr. 2020 Jul 24;: Authors: Laporte P, Eymeric M, Patural H, Durand C Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact in maternity hospitals of using an embroidered "I sleep on my back" sleeping bag on observing the sleeping recommendations at 1 month after birth. METHOD: This was a multicentere prospective study, exposed/unexposed type, in which mothers answered questionnaires (by telephone and online) 1 month after giving birth. The exposed group ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - July 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Laporte P, Eymeric M, Patural H, Durand C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Manual ability and upper limb performance in nonambulatory stage of Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
This study aimed to assess manual ability and upper limb performance of nonambulatory children with DMD, and to determine their relationship with factors that might affect ability and performance. METHODS: Manual ability was determined via the ABILHAND-Kids questionnaire and upper limb performance was assessed with the Performance of Upper Limb (PUL) test. Possible related factors such as functional level, steroid usage, upper limb range of motion (ROM), thumb opposition, upper limb muscular strength, and grip strength were evaluated. Correlations of related factors with manual ability and upper limb performance were ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - July 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Demir G, Bulut N, Yılmaz Ö, Karaduman A, Alemdaroğlu-Gürbüz İ Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Surveillance of vaccination coverage in 5-6- and 13-14-years-old schoolchildren in Geneva.
The objectives of this study were to assess the immunization coverage of children aged 5-6 years and 13-14 years during the 2017-2018 school year, and to identify sociodemographic factors associated with full immunization in these children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional school-based study was carried out. The population under study was a sample of schoolchildren aged 5-6 years and 13-14 years attending the second and 10th grades of primary and middle schools, respectively, located in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland. The data extracted from the vaccination cards included dates of administration...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - July 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Merle T, Jeannot E Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Clinical assessment of primary and secondary hypertension in children and adolescents.
akaya D, Bülbül M Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the clinical features of patients with elevated blood pressure and to detect variables associated with the diagnosis of primary hypertension. We identified 383 (69%) hypertensive children (197 [51.5%] with primary hypertension, and 186 [48.5%] with secondary hypertension) out of 553 children referred to our clinic with a history of elevated blood pressure. The primary hypertension group was significantly older and had higher BMI, positive family history of hypertension, and lower prevalence of preterm birth compared with those with secondary...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - July 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Çakıcı EK, Yazılıtaş F, Didem Kurt-Sukur E, Güngör T, Çelikkaya E, Karakaya D, Bülbül M Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in morbidly obese adolescents: Initial experience of a Pediatric Multidisciplinary Unit.
CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a safe and effective option for treatment of morbidly obese adolescents, resulting in significant weight loss and comorbidity resolution with a low risk of complications. PMID: 32651142 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - July 6, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tuna T, Espinheira MDC, Vasconcelos C, Preto J, Campos JM Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Multidimensional analysis of genetic background and environmental factors: Cases of atopy in asthmatic children.
Abstract The present work aimed, through a multidimensional analysis of a data set related to 76 asthmatic children (2-16 years), to their family, and to their antecedents, to establish typical profiles of children with asthma, combining similar or even identical characteristics. A questionnaire was presented to the parents concerning possible consanguinity, prematurity of the child, birth order, skin prick test results, presence of animals, indoor dampness, medical history, and cases of atopy among the children and their antecedents. The links between variables were first identified by means of chi-square tests. ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - July 6, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Brahim Errahmani M, Fellague Chebra K, Messaoudi Z Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Comparison of three different noninvasive ventilation strategies as initial respiratory support in very low birth weight infants with respiratory distress syndrome: A retrospective study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: There is inadequate evidence regarding which noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is superior for initial respiratory support of preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. OBJECTIVES: To compare the failure of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and neonatal outcomes between nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP), bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP), and nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) as the initial respiratory support with less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: Medical records of 419 VLB...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - July 6, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Buyuktiryaki M, Okur N, Sari FN, Ozer Bekmez B, Bezirganoglu H, Cakir U, Dizdar EA, Oguz SS Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Erratum to "Convulsions n éonatales révélant une hypomagnésémie congénitale familiale" [Arch. Pediatr. 20 (2013) 1212].
Erratum to "Convulsions néonatales révélant une hypomagnésémie congénitale familiale" [Arch. Pediatr. 20 (2013) 1212]. Arch Pediatr. 2020 Jul 07;: Authors: Ndiaye M, Toffa DH, Sow AD, Sène MS, Basse AM, Fall AL, Seck LB, Touré K, Diop AG, Sow HD, Ndiaye MM PMID: 32651145 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - July 6, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ndiaye M, Toffa DH, Sow AD, Sène MS, Basse AM, Fall AL, Seck LB, Touré K, Diop AG, Sow HD, Ndiaye MM Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Short-term efficacy of ORS formulation and propranolol regimen in children with POTS.
Abstract BACKGROUND: To evaluate the short-term effectiveness of reduced-osmolarity oral rehydration salt formulation (ORS) and propranolol in children diagnosed with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) in head-up tilt testing (HUTT). METHODS: Children were admitted with symptoms of orthostatic intolerance (OI) occurring in a standing position and disappearing in the supine position. Patients with heart rate increments of ≥40bpm and symptoms of OI constituted the pediatric POTS group in HUTT. A total of 70 pediatric patients with POTS were included in the study. POTS patients were divided into...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - July 6, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Yozgat Y, Temur HO, Coban S, Oner T, Karaarslan U, Yozgat CY, Karadeniz C, Ergor SN, Erenberk U Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Is daily walking distance affected in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? An original prospective study using the pedometer on smartphones.
CONCLUSION: The pedometer on smartphones is a cost-effective and friendly tool to assess adolescents' level of walking distance. Our results indicate no restriction in terms of daily walking distance between adolescents without scoliosis and those with idiopathic scoliosis. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II. PMID: 32563619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - June 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gaume M, Pietton R, Vialle R, Chaves C, Langlais T Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

War, armed conflict, and children's health.
PMID: 32563620 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - June 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mohseni M, Ghasemi Dastgerdi A, Eftekhari Renani M Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Severe and fatal forms of COVID-19 in children.
CONCLUSION: This study highlighted the large spectrum of clinical presentation and time course of disease progression as well as the non-negligible occurrence of pediatric life-threatening and fatal cases of COVID-19 mostly in patients with comorbidities. Additional laboratory investigations are needed to further analyze the mechanism underlying the variability of SARS-Cov-2 pathogenicity in children. PMID: 32518045 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - June 3, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Oualha M, Bendavid M, Berteloot L, Corsia A, Lesage F, Vedrenne M, Salvador E, Grimaud M, Chareyre J, de Marcellus C, Dupic L, de Saint Blanquat L, Heilbronner C, Drummond D, Castelle M, Berthaud R, Angoulvant F, Toubiana J, Pinhas Y, Frange P, Chéron G, Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Assessment of distance from skin surface to muscle for evaluation of the risk of inadvertent intramuscular insulin injection at potential injection sites among patients attending a tertiary care children's hospital in Sri Lanka-an observational study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Insulin therapy is essential for type 1 diabetes. While a reasonable glycemic control prevents complications, inadvertent intramuscular (IM) insulin injection results in hypoglycemia and fluctuations of blood glucose levels. OBJECTIVE: To assess the subcutaneous thickness (SCt) at the potential insulin injection sites, in order to determine the suitable needle length. METHODS: Diabetic and non-diabetic children (n=125; aged 2-14 years) attending a tertiary care hospital were examined, after excluding those who had skin abnormality at the injection site, were hospitalized for>3 day...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kodikara SKYI, Kalubowila J, Atapattu N, Warapitiya DS, Wijayabandara MDMS, Jayasekara LMDT, Arunthavanathan A, Kempitiya BCTANWMRCS, de Silva KSH, de Abrew K Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Management of 35 critically ill hyperammonemic neonates: Role of early administration of metabolite scavengers and continuous hemodialysis.
CONCLUSION: MS represent an effective treatment for hyperammonemia and should be available in all pediatric units to avoid the need for CVVHD. Although CVVHD enhances the kinetics of toxic metabolite decrease, it is associated with adverse hemodynamic effects. PMID: 32418642 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 13, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Abily-Donval L, Dupic L, Joffre C, Brassier A, Arnoux JB, Grimaud M, Lesage F, de Saint Blanquat L, Bekri S, Marret S, Pontoizeau C, Renolleau S, Ottolenghi C, de Lonlay P, Oualha M Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

How do parents of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus cope and how does this condition affect caregivers' mental health?
CONCLUSION: These findings emphasise the key role of healthcare providers in assessing parents' difficulties and taking special care of those who have the most problems. PMID: 32418643 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 13, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Khemakhem R, Dridi Y, Hamza M, Ben Hamouda A, Khlayfia Z, Ouerda H, Halioui S, Siala N, Belhadj A, Maherzi A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Aplasia cutis congenita of both knees: A new therapeutic strategy.
Abstract Aplasia cutis congenita is defined as the absence of all layers of the skin. The condition involves mainly the scalp but it can affect any area of skin on the body. A clear therapeutic strategy is not available. Here, we describe the 6-year clinical outcome of a patient with aplasia cutis congenita of both knees following treatment with an artificial dermis and a thin skin graft. PMID: 32417075 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 12, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Charvillat O, Plancq MC, Haraux E, Tourneux P, Gouron R, Klein C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Antibiotic therapy in pediatric acute appendicitis: Compliance with local protocol to reduce antibiotic overuse.
CONCLUSION: Poor compliance with the antibiotic guidelines for appendicitis resulted in antibiotic overuse with no benefit in terms of anti-infective efficacy. Better information for the medical team and repeated evaluation of our practices are essential. PMID: 32409246 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 10, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Surlemont J, Lecuelle D, Courbier G, Haraux E, Delforge X Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research