Management of 35 critically ill hyperammonemic neonates: Role of early administration of metabolite scavengers and continuous hemodialysis.
CONCLUSION: MS represent an effective treatment for hyperammonemia and should be available in all pediatric units to avoid the need for CVVHD. Although CVVHD enhances the kinetics of toxic metabolite decrease, it is associated with adverse hemodynamic effects. PMID: 32418642 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Abily-Donval L, Dupic L, Joffre C, Brassier A, Arnoux JB, Grimaud M, Lesage F, de Saint Blanquat L, Bekri S, Marret S, Pontoizeau C, Renolleau S, Ottolenghi C, de Lonlay P, Oualha M Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

How do parents of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus cope and how does this condition affect caregivers' mental health?
CONCLUSION: These findings emphasise the key role of healthcare providers in assessing parents' difficulties and taking special care of those who have the most problems. PMID: 32418643 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Khemakhem R, Dridi Y, Hamza M, Ben Hamouda A, Khlayfia Z, Ouerda H, Halioui S, Siala N, Belhadj A, Maherzi A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Aplasia cutis congenita of both knees: A new therapeutic strategy.
Abstract Aplasia cutis congenita is defined as the absence of all layers of the skin. The condition involves mainly the scalp but it can affect any area of skin on the body. A clear therapeutic strategy is not available. Here, we describe the 6-year clinical outcome of a patient with aplasia cutis congenita of both knees following treatment with an artificial dermis and a thin skin graft. PMID: 32417075 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 13, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Charvillat O, Plancq MC, Haraux E, Tourneux P, Gouron R, Klein C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Antibiotic therapy in pediatric acute appendicitis: Compliance with local protocol to reduce antibiotic overuse.
CONCLUSION: Poor compliance with the antibiotic guidelines for appendicitis resulted in antibiotic overuse with no benefit in terms of anti-infective efficacy. Better information for the medical team and repeated evaluation of our practices are essential. PMID: 32409246 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Surlemont J, Lecuelle D, Courbier G, Haraux E, Delforge X Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Mortality of children aged 5-15 years in a tertiary care center in Yaound é, Cameroon.
CONCLUSION: HIV infection and sickle cell disease are the most prevalent chronic diseases related to the patients' death in the age group studied. Specific interventions focusing on this age group are recommended including intensification of impregnated bednet usage as well as HIV and sickle cell disease management. PMID: 32409247 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ngo Um Sap S, Tchaptchet K, Mekone I, Minka B, Mbono RC, Tony J, De Djob L, Bissa C, Koki Ndombo PO Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Assessment of general emergency medicine physicians' medical education regarding management of pediatric emergencies in western Normandy, France.
CONCLUSION: Most general emergency physicians report caring for children despite a lack of medical education in pediatrics. Pediatric medical education as well as collaborations between general practitioners and specialized pediatric teams should be enhanced to better match the needs of general emergency departments and improve the quality of primary and acute care for children. PMID: 32409248 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lecadet N, Roupie E, Macrez R, Jokic M, Brossier D Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Child with liver transplant recovers from COVID-19 infection. A case report.
We present the case of a 55-month-old girl who recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection 5 months after undergoing liver transplantation; she had a co-infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of a COVID-19 infection in a pediatric patient with liver transplantation. Additionally, this is also the first report of confirmed co-infection between COVID-19 and EBV. On the basis of this case, we suggest that liver transplantation is not associated with COVID-19 symptom severity and development. Moreover, COVID-19 and EBV co-infections do not seem to a...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 6, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Morand A, Roquelaure B, Colson P, Amrane S, Bosdure E, Raoult D, Lagier JC, Fabre A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

COVID-19 in pediatric patients: What the prehospital teams need to know.
PMID: 32402434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - May 6, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lemoine S, Chabernaud JL, Travers S, Prunet B Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Case report of nutritional rickets in an infant following a vegan diet.
We report the case of a 13-month-old infant who was referred to the pediatric emergency department because of psychomotor regression with four bone fractures due to nutritional rickets. The reason was prolonged breastfeeding from a vegetarian mother followed by a vegan diet for the infant after weaning. Rickets is one of the many nutritional deficiencies that could affect infants fed vegan or vegetarian diets. These diets are a public health concern requiring adapted information that suggests alternative formulas made from rice or soy proteins and adapted supplementation after weaning. PMID: 32334899 [PubMed - as supp...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lemoine A, Giabicani E, Lockhart V, Grimprel E, Tounian P Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Response to: Neonatal transient hypophosphatemic hypercalciuric rickets in dizygous twins.
PMID: 32334900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bacchetta J, Garnier C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Practice survey on the use of vancomycin in pediatrics in the New Aquitaine region and guidelines of learned societies.
CONCLUSION: Our study shows that vancomycin is used in very different ways from one unit to another, within the same region, including in ways not recommended by the main learned societies. Much work remains to be done to determine the optimal dosages of vancomycin in pediatrics, to set the serum trough concentration of vancomycin values, and to determine whether continuous infusion use is comparable to discontinuous administration in terms of efficacy. PMID: 32331912 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Veluzat S, Pauquet E, Sarlangue J Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Pediatric victims involved in urban fires in Paris and its suburbs: Epidemiology, prehospital care, and lessons learned.
CONCLUSION: Pediatric fire casualties were initially managed by prehospital medical teams that were not specialized in pediatrics. As in adults, the main injuries were secondary to smoke inhalation, but this has increased toxicity in children. Prehospital teams not specialized in pediatrics can optimize their practice via the sharing of experiences, team training, and cognitive aid checklist for pediatric fire victims. PMID: 32331913 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lemoine S, Grognard G, Chabernaud JL, Jost D, Travers S, Prunet B Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Investigation of injectable drug utilization in primary care: A focus on different age groups in pediatric population.
This study aimed to investigate pediatric injectable drug utilization in primary care with a focus on different age groups. METHOD: By simple sampling method, 100 prescriptions that contained at least one injectable drug were randomly selected for each month of the year in 32 provinces of Turkey (n=38.400). Among these prescriptions, injectable drugs that were for children (
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Akici N, Aydin V, Donertas B, Alkan A, Akici A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Negative influence of maternal smoking during pregnancy on infant outcomes.
This study compared a cohort of infants exposed to tobacco in utero (T+) with those unexposed (T-). Birth weight, diet, presence of colic (ROME III criteria) and regurgitations (Vandenplas scale) were specifically analyzed. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional, and multicenter survey was conducted in France by pediatricians and general practitioners from September 2016 to February 2017. Infants with a chronic pathology and those with parents under 18 years of age were excluded. The data were collected by the physician and by the mother through a self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 452 phy...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Olives JP, Elias-Billon I, Barnier-Ripet D, Hospital V Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Vegetarian diet in children and adolescents: A health benefit?
il;aise de Pédiatrie (CNSFP) PMID: 32331916 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Peretti N, Darmaun D, Chouraqui JP, Bocquet A, Briend A, Feillet F, Frelut ML, Guimber D, Hankard R, Lapillonne A, Rozé JC, Simeoni U, Turck D, Dupont C, Comité de Nutrition de la Société Française de Pédiatrie (CNSFP) Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Evaluation of a new training program to reassure primary school teachers about glucagon injection in children with type 1 diabetes during the 2017-2018 school year.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children is increasing. Adequate knowledge and skills of primary school staff are required to deal with children affected by T1D. We aimed to evaluate a video training program (VTP) to improve the level of confidence of teachers in administering intramuscular glucagon injection during severe hypoglycemia. The secondary goal was to improve the teachers' theoretical knowledge. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this interventional study, we submitted a VTP to all primary school teachers in the French region of Normandy who received a child with T1D during ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 10, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tournilhac C, Dolladille C, Armouche S, Vial S, Brouard J Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Tracheostomy, respiratory support, and developmental outcomes in neonates with severe lung diseases: Retrospective study in one center.
CONCLUSION: Tracheostomy in infants requiring at least 1 week of ventilation is performed for complex cases and is favored for orolaryngotracheal anomalies. Clinicians should anticipate the need for developmental care in this population. PMID: 32280047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 9, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bergeron Gallant K, Sauthier M, Kawaguchi A, Essouri S, Quintal MC, Emeriaud G, Jouvet P Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Response to report of rickets in twins occurring after maternal bisphosphonate exposure.
PMID: 32280048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 9, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Eswarakumar A, Robinson C, Carpenter TO Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Satisfaction of mothers regarding human milk donation.
Abstract In France, human milk banks are in charge of the collection, analysis, processing, and distribution of human milk to neonatology centers for preterm infants. Knowledge of what motivates mothers to donate their milk could lead to better communication regarding human milk donation. A satisfaction survey was conducted among mothers who were donating their milk to a human milk bank. In total, 214 mothers answered a questionnaire in the presence of the collector during a home visit. The median age of the mothers was 31 years (18-46), mainly high school (19%) or university (65%) graduates, and the median durati...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 8, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kadi H, Lamireau D, Bouncer H, Madhkour I, Madden I, Enaud R, Renesme L, Lamireau T Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Mortality and morbidity of preterm neonates weighing less than 750g: A 2-year retrospective cohort study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The rate of premature births in France is 6% and is increasing, as is the rate of extremely premature births. Morbidity and mortality rates in this population remain high despite significant medical progress. We aimed to evaluate the morbidity and mortality rate in preterm neonates weighing
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 8, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Carriere D, Kantor E, Torchin H, Le Ray C, Jarreau PH, Zana-Taieb E Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Plasma lactate can improve the accuracy of the Pediatric Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score for prediction of mortality in critically ill children: A pilot study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Plasma lactate has been used to predict the prognosis of critically ill children, but mortality risk scores appear to be more appealing, particularly in resource-limited countries. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic utility of lactate compared with the pediatric Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (pSOFA) score among the general pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) population. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study including 78 children admitted to a tertiary-level PICU. Plasma lactate was measured upon admission and repeated 24h later. pSOFA score, Pediatric Risk of Mo...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 8, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: El-Mekkawy MS, Ellahony DM, Khalifa KAE, Abd Elsattar ES Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

COVID-19 virus and children: What do we know?
PMID: 32253003 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 1, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Morand A, Fabre A, Minodier P, Boutin A, Vanel N, Bosdure E, Fournier PE Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Will pediatric medicine sink below the waterline? Chronicle of an abuse foretold.
PMID: 32253004 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 1, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Claudet I Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Smoke inhalation injury in a 2-year-old domestic fire victim.
Abstract Smoke inhalation injury is common in victims of domestic fires, among whom children are the most vulnerable. Cyanide poisoning may occur in addition to carbon monoxide poisoning and is challenging to diagnose. In France, the recommended antidotes are hydroxocobalamin for cyanide and hyperbaric oxygen for carbon monoxide. We managed a 26-month-old girl who sustained smoke inhalation injury with both carbon monoxide and cyanide poisoning during a house fire. Despite hydroxocobalamin and sodium thiosulfate therapy combined with hyperbaric oxygen, she had residual neurological impairments 3 months after ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - March 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Geslain G, Tilea B, Heraut F, Rubinsztajn R Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Management of eosinophilic esophagitis in children according to atopic status: A retrospective cohort in northeast of France.
CONCLUSION: Allergy testing is relevant in the majority of children with EoE whether or not they have atopic disorders. Atopy seems to be associated with better response to STS. Further studies are needed to determine whether atopic status determines histological response. PMID: 32192814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - March 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ancellin M, Ricolfi-Waligova L, Clerc-Urmès I, Schweitzer C, Maudinas R, Bonneton M, Divaret-Chauveau A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Mutations in NBAS and SCYL1, genetic causes of recurrent liver failure in children: Three case reports and a literature review.
Abstract Acute liver failure (ALF) in childhood is a life-threatening emergency. ALF is often caused by drug toxicity, autoimmune hepatitis, inherited metabolic diseases, and infections. However, despite thorough investigations, a cause cannot be determined in approximately 50% of cases. Here, we report three cases with recurrent ALF caused by NBAS and SCYL1 pathogenic variants. These patients did not present with any other phenotypic sign usually associated with NBAS and SCYL1 pathogenic variants. Two of them underwent liver transplantation and are healthy without recurrence of ALF. We propose NBAS and SCYL1 gene...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - March 4, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Chavany J, Cano A, Roquelaure B, Bourgeois P, Boubnova J, Gaignard P, Hoebeke C, Reynaud R, Rhomer B, Slama A, Badens C, Chabrol B, Fabre A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Carbon monoxide poisoning in children: It should be measured to be improved.
rtínez Millán D, Ferrés Padró V PMID: 32139126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - March 2, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jiménez Fàbrega FX, Martínez Sánchez L, Solà Muñoz S, Martínez Millán D, Ferrés Padró V Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Changes in nutrient absorption in children and adolescents caused by fructans, especially fructooligosaccharides and inulin.
CONCLUSION: Consumption of fructans improves the health of the microbiota, altering the absorption of some nutrients. PMID: 32127241 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - February 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Costa G, Vasconcelos Q, Abreu G, Albuquerque A, Vilarejo J, Aragão G Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Outcome and management of newborns with congenital cytomegalovirus infection.
Abstract Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common non-genetic cause of hearing loss and neurological disorder in children. Its overall prevalence is approximately 0.5% in Europe. In France, systematic screening during pregnancy is not recommended; screening is performed only if there are maternal or fetal symptoms suggestive of this infection. Approximately 90% of infected newborns are asymptomatic at birth, and among them the risk of neurosensory sequelae is 5-15%. By contrast, the prevalence of neurosensory impairment in symptomatic newborns at birth varies from 17% to 60%. Congenital CMV in...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - February 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nicloux M, Peterman L, Parodi M, Magny JF Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Pediatric ocular trauma: Characteristics and outcomes among a French cohort (2007-2016).
det I Abstract Pediatric ocular trauma is a major cause of acquired monocular blindness. Post-traumatic visual impairment can lead to significant handicap. In France, recent data on the epidemiology of pediatric ocular trauma are lacking. AIM: To describe the characteristics of a pediatric cohort with ocular trauma and to analyse patient outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of pediatric ocular trauma (age
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - February 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Boret C, Brehin C, Cortey C, Chanut M, Houzé-Cerfon CH, Soler V, Claudet I Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Non accidental repeated lithium poisoning in a child: The role of hair analysis.
Abstract Non accidental intoxication due to child abuse is rare and its frequency is likely underestimated because it is difficult to diagnose. Here, we report a case of voluntary repeated exposure to lithium in an infant, for whom the clinical manifestations were convulsions. Toxicological analysis was very helpful for documenting lithium exposure during the assumed period of time. Interpreting the results of hair analysis, a simple and minimally invasive examination, is tricky at this age, but it can facilitate the differentiation of acute versus chronic exposure. Although infrequent and underestimated, lithium ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - February 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pouchoux C, Pelissier AL, Gaulier JM, Retornaz K, Di Meglio C, Dubus JC, Bosdure E Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Erratum to « Breastfeeding and early childhood caries. Review of the literature, recommendations, and prevention » [Arch. Pediatr. 26 (8) (2019) 497–503].
Erratum to « Breastfeeding and early childhood caries. Review of the literature, recommendations, and prevention » [Arch. Pediatr. 26 (8) (2019) 497–503]. Arch Pediatr. 2020 Feb 05;: Authors: Branger B, Camelot F, Droz D, Houbiers B, Marchalot A, Bruel H, Laczny E, Clement C PMID: 32035766 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - February 5, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Branger B, Camelot F, Droz D, Houbiers B, Marchalot A, Bruel H, Laczny E, Clement C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Relationship between pediatric adiposity and cardiovascular risk factors in Saudi children and adolescents.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The etiology of childhood obesity is growing at alarming rates in developed and developing countries. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, and hyperglycemia) in a sample of Saudi children and to assess their association with different measures of body adiposity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 200 Saudi children, who were randomly selected from the pediatric clinics at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Anthropometric variables were measured for all study subjects...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alissa EM, Sutaih RH, Kamfar HZ, Alagha AE, Marzouki ZM Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Diagnostic evaluation and management of seizures and status epilepticus in children with known epilepsy or new-onset seizures: A retrospective and comparative analysis.
lha M Abstract OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the initial management, including clinical/biological investigation and treatment, of new-onset seizures and status epilepticus (SE) in children versus seizures and SE in those with known epilepsy. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center, observational study conducted in an urban pediatric hospital in Paris. All patients, aged from 1 month to 18 years, admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit, the high-dependency care unit, and those who required hospitalization in the short-term unit of the emergency department bet...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 18, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Le Coz J, Chéron G, Nabbout R, Patteau G, Heilbronner C, Hubert P, Renolleau S, Oualha M Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Breast milk feeding of preterm infants in France. What have we learned from the EPIPAGE studies?
PMID: 31959489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mitha A, Pierrat V Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Paroxysmal strabismus and stridor acquired in childhood: Do not overlook calcemia!
We report the case of a 4-year-old girl who presented with paroxysmal stridor and strabismus with diplopia, persisting for several weeks. Severe hypocalcemia (1.25 mmol/L) was finally diagnosed and was related to hypoparathyroidism, which was the first manifestation of autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) in this patient. Strabismus and stridor both resolved after normalization of calcemia. This case report is a rare observation of paroxysmal strabismus caused by hypocalcemia and it highlights the importance of calcium monitoring in any situation of atypical neurological symptoms. ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Escudier A, Giabicani E, Neven B, Gouache E, Blanchard M, Isapof A, Nougues MC, Freihuber C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Potassium disorders in pediatric emergency department: Clinical spectrum and management.
We describe the spectrum of potassium abnormalities in our tertiary-level pediatric emergency department. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of all the patients admitted to a single-center tertiary emergency department over a 2.5-year period. We compared patients with hypokalemia (6.0mEq/L) against a normal randomized population recruited on a 3:1 ratio with potassium levels between 3.5 and 5mEq/L. RESULTS: Between January 1, 2013 and August 31, 2016 we admitted 108,209 patients to our emergency department. A total of 9342 blood samples were tested and the following potassium measurements were found: 60 ca...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Barbance O, De Bels D, Honoré PM, Bargalzan D, Tolwani A, Ismaili K, Biarent D, Redant S Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Late infective endocarditis after transcatheter tricuspid valve-in-valve implantation: A pediatric case report.
We report the first pediatric case of IE after percutaneous tricuspid Melody™ valve-in-valve implantation in a boy who was diagnosed with Eisenmenger syndrome, related to patent ductus arteriosus. This first pediatric case of late IE (4 years) after PTVR is added to eight previously reported cases of IE from the valve-in-valve international database registry (VIVID registry). PMID: 31955957 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gavotto A, Werner O, Amedro P Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Metabolic disturbances and cardiovascular risk factors in obese children with vitamin D deficiency.
CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency is more prevalent in obese children. Serum 25(OH)vitamin D was significantly associated with several cardiometabolic risk factors. There was no relationship between abnormal glucose homeostasis and dyslipidemia with vitamin D deficiency in obese children. PMID: 31955958 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Colak R, Anil M, Yasar F, Rahmi Bakiler A, Pirgon O, Helvaci M, Dündar B Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

MICI-MINOTS: Linguistic and metric validation of a pediatric questionnaire on knowledge about inflammatory bowel disease.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Therapeutic education is an essential part of the treatment of chronic diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The IBD-KID, developed in Canada in English, assesses children's and adolescents' acquired knowledge about their condition and has been validated in Canadian and Australian populations. However, there is no pediatric questionnaire in French to assess patients' knowledge about IBD. OBJECTIVE: To report the linguistic validation process and metric validity of the MICI-MINOTS, the French version of the IBD-KID. METHOD: The translation process consisted of three cons...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 30, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Cousin C, Bevilacqua C, Roman C, Roquelaure B, Loundou A, Baumstarck K, Fabre A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

First reference curves of waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio for Tunisian children.
CONCLUSION: The new WC and WTHR reference curves can be added to clinical tools to help specialists in pediatric and physical health to reduce cardiovascular risk in Tunisian children. PMID: 31791826 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ghouili H, Ouerghi N, Ben Khalifa W, Boughalmi A, Dridi A, Gmada N, Bouassida A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

A 1-year survey of catheter-related infections in a pediatric university hospital: A prospective study.
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of CRIs in children hospitalized in our institution appears to be higher than the typical rate of CRIs reported in the literature. This was particularly true for neonates. These results should lead us to reinforce preventive measures and antibiotic stewardship but they also raise the difficulty of diagnosing with certainty CRIs in neonates. PMID: 31791827 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Broudic M, Bodet LM, Dumont R, Joram N, Jacqmarcq O, Caillon J, Flamant C, Thomas C, Tallet A, Piloquet H, Lepelletier D, Gras-Le Guen C, Launay E Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Comparison of the efficacy of two surgical procedures on adenoidal hypertrophy in children.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the treatment effects of two surgical procedures, performed with nasal endoscopy, on treating adenoidal hypertrophy in children. METHODS: A total of 100 children diagnosed with adenoidal hypertrophy were treated with curettage combined with microwave thermocoagulation and with low-temperature plasma radiofrequency ablation under nasal endoscopic guidance; 6 months after surgery, the effects on snoring, nasal congestion, hearing loss, and gland residue were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Differences in snoring and hearing loss between the two gr...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Huang H, Zhang L, Zhang Q, Zhong J, Fu L, Mou Y Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Nutritional status of neurologically impaired children: Impact on comorbidity.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition is common in neurologically impaired (NI) children. It is, however, ill-defined and under-diagnosed. If not recognized and treated, it increases the burden of comorbidities and affects the quality of life of these children. The aim of this study was to characterize the nutritional status of a cohort of children followed up at a reference center for cerebral palsy (CP) in Brussels, Belgium, and to investigate possible links with the occurrence of comorbidities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a single-center retrospective study including all the children followed u...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Leonard M, Dain E, Pelc K, Dan B, De Laet C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Description of 101  cases of nipple cracks and risk factors via case-control study in eight units of a perinatal network.
In conclusion, the practitioners learned to describe nipple cracks and analyze their treatments. Knowledge of the risk factors should enable practitioners to propose active prevention to mothers with fair skin, a history of cracks, or a lack of experience in breastfeeding by helping them to breastfeed during the first days of their infant's life, especially for primiparous and overweight or obese women. PMID: 31784290 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Branger B, Breastfeeding Commission of the Pays de la Loire Birth Safety Network (France) Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Knowledge assessment of sudden infant death syndrome risk factors in expectant mothers: A prospective monocentric descriptive study.
This study shows that it is important for health professionals to take the time to inform future mothers about the risk factors for SIDS, especially the least informed population groups such as young mothers and those from lower socioeconomic status, in order to reduce the number of avoidable infant deaths. PMID: 31784291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gemble A, Hubert C, Borsa-Dorion A, Dessaint C, Albuisson E, Hascoet JM Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Drug-induced enterocolitis syndrome (DIES) in a 10-year-old girl.
We report the case of a child presenting with an adverse drug reaction highly suggestive of drug-induced enterocolitis syndrome (DIES) to amoxicillin (AMX). A 10-year-old girl developed repetitive vomiting and pallor without cutaneous or respiratory symptoms 2h after AMX intake. DIES is not a well-described entity, and very few data are available in the literature. In the absence of an existing definition, the diagnosis of DIES can only be suspected and is based on its homology with food protein-induced enterocolitis (FPIES). The major criterion is the recurrence of repetitive and often incoercible vomiting occurring withi...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Worcel J, Tarelho M, Baron M, Ponvert C, Bidat E, Benoist G, Lezmi G Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Feeding problems and gastrointestinal diseases in Down syndrome.
This study lists the various anomalies on the basis of 504 references selected from a PubMed search in October 2018. RESULTS: The anomalies are grouped into three categories: anatomical anomalies: duodenal atresia and stenosis (3.9%), duodenal web and annular pancreas; aberrant right subclavian artery (12% of children with DS with cardiac anomaly); Hirschsprung's disease (2.76%); anorectal malformation (1.16%); congenital vascular malformations of the liver; orofacial cleft, bifid uvula (4.63%), and submucous orofacial cleft; esophageal atresia (0.5-0.9%); pyloric stenosis (0.3%); diaphragmatic hernia; malrotation of ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ravel A, Mircher C, Rebillat AS, Cieuta-Walti C, Megarbane A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Association between caregivers' anxiety and depression symptoms and feeding difficulties of preschool children: A cross-sectional study in rural China.
CONCLUSION: Caregivers' anxiety or depression symptoms are positively associated with feeding difficulties in children. PMID: 31784294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Qu G, Wang L, Tang X, Wu W, Zhang J, Sun Y Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Association between multiple respiratory viral infections and pediatric intensive care unit admission among infants with bronchiolitis.
Abstract BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether multiple respiratory viral infections are associated with more severe bronchiolitis requiring pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission. We aimed to identify the association between multiple respiratory viral infections and PICU admission among infants with bronchiolitis. METHODS: We performed a 1:1 case-control study enrolling previously healthy full-term infants (≤12 months) with bronchiolitis admitted to the PICU as cases and those to the general pediatric ward as controls from 2015 to 2017. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for detection ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tsou P, Vadivelan A, Kovvuri M, Garg N, Thangavelu M, Wang Y, Raj S Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research