Reopening schools in the context of increasing COVID-19 community transmission: The French experience
CONCLUSION: In the context of increasing viral transmission in the population, the spread among children and adolescents remained lower than that observed among adults, despite keeping schools open. However, the impact was age-dependent, with data in high schools close to those observed in adults.PMID:33618971 | DOI:10.1016/j.arcped.2021.02.001 (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - February 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: C Gras-Le Guen R Cohen J Rozenberg E Launay D Levy-Bruhl C Delacourt Source Type: research

Unexplained near-drowning can reveal ALCAPA in children
We report a rare description of this congenital coronary anomaly in a child, revealed after exercise-induced sudden cardiac arrest while swimming.PMID:33495076 | DOI:10.1016/j.arcped.2020.12.001 (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 26, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: S Bichali N Giroux N Benbrik J-M Liet Source Type: research

COVID-19 infection in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical features and laboratory findings
CONCLUSION: This review found that clinical presentations were milder, the prognosis was better, and the mortality rate was lower in children with COVID-19 compared with adult patients; however, children are potential carriers, like adults, and can transmit the infection among the population. Therefore, early identification and intervention in pediatric patients with COVID-19 are essential in order to control the pandemic. Moreover, gastrointestinal symptoms were more common symptoms among children.PMID:33483192 | PMC:PMC7794595 | DOI:10.1016/j.arcped.2020.12.008 (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: M Mansourian Y Ghandi D Habibi S Mehrabi Source Type: research

Vitamin D intoxication due to misuse: 5-year experience
CONCLUSION: Stoss therapy should not be administered for children of families with problems of adherence to treatment. It should be noted that VDI may develop as a result of improperly produced nutritional supplements. General practitioners and pediatricians must be aware of VDI risks and explain them to parents. Pamidronate is effective for treating VDI in children.PMID:33483193 | DOI:10.1016/j.arcped.2020.12.009 (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: A Çağlar H Tu ğçe Çağlar Source Type: research

Unexplained near-drowning can reveal ALCAPA in children.
We report a rare description of this congenital coronary anomaly in a child, revealed after exercise-induced sudden cardiac arrest while swimming. PMID: 33495076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 22, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bichali S, Giroux N, Benbrik N, Liet JM Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Vitamin D intoxication due to misuse: 5-year experience.
CONCLUSION: Stoss therapy should not be administered for children of families with problems of adherence to treatment. It should be noted that VDI may develop as a result of improperly produced nutritional supplements. General practitioners and pediatricians must be aware of VDI risks and explain them to parents. Pamidronate is effective for treating VDI in children. PMID: 33483193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 19, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Çağlar A, Tuğçe Çağlar H Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Are anxiety and the presence of siblings risk factors for dental neglect and oral health status in children?
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Neglect has a negative effect on all aspects of a child's overall health. Dental neglect is the intentional failure of parents or caregivers to take precautions and ensure the necessary dental treatment, and is closely related to dental caries and anxiety. We aimed to determine whether the presence of siblings causes dental neglect, and whether there is a relationship between dental neglect and anxiety. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 100 children and their parents. The children's oral health status was evaluated using the DMFT/dmft and PUFA/pufa indices. In addition, the paren...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 14, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Aydinoglu S, Arslan I Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Integrating a palliative approach into the healthcare provided by the French-African Pediatric Oncology Group's pilot units. Insights from a 3-year training program.
tte C Abstract Working alongside local stakeholders, members of the French-African Pediatric Oncology Group developed a 3-year program to train pediatric oncology teams from 15 French-speaking countries in Africa in using analgesics and providing palliative care. This program was rolled out in three phases: initial training, in situ assessment, and advanced training in selected topics. To access this program, multidisciplinary teams had to come up with a project to improve their existing palliative care and pain management practices, and commit themselves to implementing it. All the teams invited agreed to take pa...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 11, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Edan C, Yao AJJ, Hessissen L, Moreira C, Viallard ML, Poulain P, Calmanti S, Thinlot C, Aubier F, Douçot MS, Gagnepain-Lacheteau A, Patte C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Term newborns at risk for early-onset neonatal sepsis: Clinical surveillance versus systematic paraclinical test.
This study compared the management and the outcome of neonates born from 36weeks' gestation at the level III University Hospital of Nancy, according to their infectious risk level during two periods, before and after the update of national recommendations: from July 1 to December 31, 2017, versus July 1 to December 31, 2018. Data were retrospectively collected from the infants' files. This study compared the number and length of antibiotic treatment and the number of invasive tests, the number of documented infections, the number and length of hospitalization, and mortality between the two periods. RESULTS: During the...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 11, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Schmitt C, Novy M, Hascoët JM Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Application of HAS 2017 guidelines for asymptomatic neonates born at ≥34 weeks' gestation at risk of early-onset neonatal sepsis in a level-2 maternity department.
Application of HAS 2017 guidelines for asymptomatic neonates born at ≥34 weeks' gestation at risk of early-onset neonatal sepsis in a level-2 maternity department. Arch Pediatr. 2021 Jan 11;: Authors: Cabaret B, Latry V Abstract The 2017 Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) guidelines for the medical care of neonates born at≥34 weeks' gestation (WG) at risk of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) placed emphasis on clinical examination rather than laboratory tests. AIM: Were these guidelines relevant in our level-2 maternity department, and how can they affect our professional practice...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 11, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Cabaret B, Latry V Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Bacteremia due to healthcare-associated urinary tract infections in children.
CONCLUSION: The incidence of bacteremia associated with nosocomial urinary tract infections was not different from bacteremia associated with community-acquired urinary tract infections, and was approximately 5%. PMID: 33446433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 11, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Devrim F, Çağlar İ, Demiray N, Oruç Y, Ayhan Y, Ağın H, Çalkavur Ş, Bayram N, Devrim İ Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Anxiety level and clinical course of patients with sickle cell disease during the COVID-19 outbreak.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Besides infectious pneumonia and death risks, the COVID-19 pandemic has prompted negative psychological impacts on communities, especially on people with chronic diseases. We aimed to evaluate COVID-19 and sickle cell disease (SCD)-related experiences, and the clinical course during the outbreak, to measure anxiety levels of adolescent and young adult patients with homozygous SCD, to analyze the correlations between their COVID-19 experiences and anxiety levels and painful episodes. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 47 patients aged between 14 and 24 years responded t...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tezol O, Unal S Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Coronavirus COVID-19 outbreak and control: Effect of temperature, relative humidity, and lockdown implementation.
Abstract Meteorological parameters are important factors that have an influence on infectious diseases. The present study aimed to explore the correlation between the spread of COVID-19, temperature, and relative humidity. The effect of human-imposed control parameters in the form of lockdown on the dissipation of COVID-19 was also analysed. Data were collected on the three study variables - temperature, relative humidity, and lockdown period - from nine of the most infected cities worldwide as well as information on changes in the number of COVID-19 patients from the beginning to a specific point in the lockdown ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mozumder MSI, Amin MSA, Uddin MR, Talukder MJ Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Time knowledge impairments in children with ADHD.
ff Y Abstract BACKGROUND: A large number of studies have shown time perception impairment and reaction time (RT) variability in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and have discussed the causes of such difficulties. However, very few studies have investigated time knowledge (i.e., the correct representation and use of time units) in children with ADHD. METHODS: We evaluated time knowledge in 33 children with ADHD, aged 8-12 years, who had consulted a reference center for learning disabilities in Paris, matched for age and gender with 33 typically developing (TD) children. We used a ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: De la Charie A, Delteil F, Labrell F, Colas P, Vigneras J, Câmara-Costa H, Mikaeloff Y Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Real-life study of the role of high-flow nasal cannula for bronchiolitis in children younger than 3 months hospitalised in general pediatric departments.
Abstract We aimed to describe the real-life role of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) for bronchiolitis in infants under 3 months of age admitted to three general pediatric departments during the 2017-2018 epidemic period. We retrospectively assessed the clinical severity (Wang score) for every 24-h period of treatment (H0-H24 and H24-H48) according to the initiated medical care (HFNC, oxygen via nasal cannula, or supportive treatments only), the child's discomfort (EDIN score), and transfer to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). A total of 138 infants were included: 47±53 days old, 4661±851.9&nbs...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fabre C, Panciatici M, Sauvaget E, Tardieu S, Jouve E, Dequin M, Retornaz K, Bartoli JM, Stremler-Le Bel N, Bosdure E, Dubus JC Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

The phenotype caused by recessive variations in SLC25A22: Report of a new case and literature review.
We describe the clinical, electroencephalography (EEG), and developmental features of a patient with developmental and epileptic encephalopathy due to a homozygous pathogenic variation of mitochondrial glutamate/H+ symporter SLC25A22. Epilepsy began during the first week of life with focal onset seizures. Interictal EEG revealed a suppression-burst pattern with extensive periods of non-activity. The prospective follow-up confirmed developmental encephalopathy as well as ongoing active epilepsy and almost no sign of development at 8 years of age. We confirm in the following paper that SLC25A22 recessive variations may cause...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: André MV, Cacciagli P, Cano A, Vaugier L, Roussel M, Girard N, Chabrol B, Villard L, Milh M Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Aeroallergen sensitisation patterns of children aged 5 years and younger with asthma and/or allergic rhinitis in Istanbul.
CONCLUSION: One out of every four atopic children aged 5 years or younger is sensitised to aeroallergens. The most common sensitisation is to house dust mites. Weed aeroallergen may be related to severity of asthma in children aged 5 years or younger in Istanbul. We speculate that HDM and weed allergens could be used in the diagnostic or treatment strategies for the management of asthmatic children aged 5 years or younger. PMID: 33342684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Can C, Altınel N, Hatipoglu S Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Clinical phenotype associated with TANGO2 gene mutation.
This article presents the clinical phenotype of seven children with a TANGO2 bi-allelic mutation. The mutation was found by sequencing a panel of genes associated with rhabdomyolysis. While the clinical picture represents generalized cases, there is phenotypic variability in, for example, the degree of disability for each patient. A TANGO2 gene mutation, nevertheless, represents a serious illness with a limited life expectancy due to an unpredictable risk of cardiac rhythm disorder and death, particularly during rhabdomyolysis. Although the natural history of the disease presents an evolution of rhabdomyolysis triggered by...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hoebeke C, Cano A, De Lonlay P, Chabrol B Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Oral manifestations of celiac disease in French children.
Abstract Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated systemic disorder caused by ingestion of the gluten found in wheat, rye, and barley. The currently estimated prevalence in children is about 1%. CD is a chronic enteropathy with gastrointestinal manifestations including diarrhea, abdominal distension and weight loss, but extra-intestinal features are increasingly being reported. Dental and oral manifestations such as dental enamel defects (ED), delay in dental eruption, and recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) are well-recognized manifestations of CD. The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of oral manif...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Villemur Moreau L, Dicky O, Mas E, Noirrit E, Marty M, Vaysse F, Olives JP Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Primary juvenile hypothyroidism concurrent with huge bilateral cystic ovaries: Case report and literature review.
Abstract Primary hypothyroidism can lead to delayed growth and pseudoprecocious puberty in juvenile patients, which was known as Van Wyk-Grumbach's syndrome (VWGS). There have been very few clinical case reports of primary juvenile hypothyroidism presenting with concurrent huge bilateral cystic ovaries. Here, we report the case of a 14-year-old female patient suffering from primary hypothyroidism in combination with bilateral cystic ovaries. Remarkable improvement of symptoms was observed after one month of hormone replacement therapy and an unnecessary surgical treatment was avoided. A comprehensive literature re...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 15, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Zhu W, Yang Y, Zhao Y, Tang H, Zhang X, Shi R, Zhao Y, Han R Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Respiratory and pharmacological management in severe acute bronchiolitis: Were clinical guidelines not written for critical care?
CONCLUSIONS: Our PICU did not follow the AAP recommendations. There were no differences between the two periods, except in the use of HFOT. All children older than 12 months received HFOT exclusively. The rate of using invasive mechanical ventilation was also low. PMID: 33339722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 15, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marcos-Morales A, García-Salido A, Leoz-Gordillo I, de Lama Caro-Patón G, Martínez de Azagra-Garde A, García-Teresa MÁ, Iglesias-Bouzas MI, Nieto-Moro M, Serrano-González A, Casado-Flores J Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Has the introduction of high-flow nasal cannula modified the clinical characteristics and outcomes of infants with bronchiolitis admitted to pediatric intensive care units? A retrospective study.
This study aimed to assess how the emergence of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) has modified the demographic and clinical characteristics as well as outcomes of infants with bronchiolitis admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective study including infants aged 1 day to 6 months with bronchiolitis requiring HFNC, noninvasive ventilation (NIV), or invasive ventilation on admission. RESULTS: A total of 252 infants (mean age 53±36 days) were included in the study. The use of HFNC increased from 18 (21.4%) during 2013-2014 to 53 infants (55.2%) during 2015-...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Delacroix E, Millet A, Wroblewski I, Vilotitch A, Pin I, Ego A, Debillon T, Mortamet G Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Descriptive study of young disabled children aged 2-6, enrolled in mainstream schools, and benefiting from special needs assistants in the Bouches-du-Rh ône in 2014.
CONCLUSION: This study provides working guidelines for the management of health policies relating to disability at the territorial or even national level. PMID: 33309119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 9, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Roth B, Jouve E, Daguzan A, Richardson A, Sambuc R, Bernard O, Lagouanelle-Simeoni MC Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Increase in visceral adipose tissue and subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness in children with acute pancreatitis. A case-control study.
CONCLUSION: In this study, WC, VAT, and SAT were found to be thicker in children with acute pancreatitis compared with healthy children without any difference in BMI. Further studies are needed to clarify whether adipose tissue thickness is an etiological cause or a secondary finding in patients with acute pancreatitis. PMID: 33309120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 9, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bükülmez A, Özer Gökaslan Ç, Oflu AT Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Management of an outbreak of invasive Kingella kingae skeletal infections in a day care center.
CONCLUSION: Our results highlight the variety of features of invasive skeletal Kk infections in children and (given the high risk of transmission in day care centers) the importance of diagnosing cases as soon as possible. PMID: 33309121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 9, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Klein C, Peltier F, Pluquet E, Haraux E, Gouron R, Joseph C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Comparative analysis of the WISC-IV in a clinical setting: ADHD vs. non-ADHD.
CONCLUSION: In our study, we found differences in the WISC-IV profiles of the Turkish patients with ADHD. Moreover, the WISC-IV profile of the non-ADHD clinical group was different than that of the ADHD group. More prospective studies with larger groups of ADHD patients and further evaluations of executive function deficits can help clinicians better understand the differences in WISC-IV profiles. PMID: 33309122 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 9, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ünal D, Mustafaoğlu Çiçek N, Çak T, Sakarya G, Artik A, Karaboncuk Y, Özusta Ş, Çengel Kültür E Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Simple actions to support breastfeeding can avoid unwanted weaning in infants younger than 6 months hospitalized for bronchiolitis: A before/after study (Bronchilact II).
CONCLUSION: Bronchiolitis is a high-risk event for breastfeeding disruption but interventions to promote breastfeeding might help to prevent the risk of unwanted weaning. More severe bronchiolitis probably poses the highest risk of weaning and the need for supplementary nutrition. PMID: 33309123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 9, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ben Gueriba K, Heilbronner C, Grimaud M, Roy E, Hadchouel A, Hachem T, de Barbeyrac C, Murmu M, Renolleau S, Rigourd V Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Perinatal testicular torsion.
Abstract Testicular torsion (TT) occurs when the testis rotates around the axis of the spermatic cord attachments and prevents blood flow to the testis, resulting in tissue ischemia. If this occurs in the first month of life it is referred to as "perinatal TT" (PTT) or "neonatal TT" (NTT). PTT has an incidence of 6.1 per 100,000 live births. Some of these cases occur prenatally. It can be missed on the initial newborn examination, as it can be asymptomatic. Hence, the true incidence is much higher since it is underdiagnosed. The types of TT include extravaginal, intravaginal, and mesorchial. Mo...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 1, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kylat RI Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Coagulation standards in healthy newborns and infants.
CONCLUSION: This study can help to establish standards for coagulation testing in this very specific population. Indeed, our study represents the largest newborn population in a recent investigation of PT and aPTT using updated reagents. PMID: 33277135 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 1, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hochart A, Pierache A, Jeanpierre E, Laffargue A, Susen S, Goudemand J Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental impairment at 2 years of age in children born before 29 weeks' gestation with bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Very preterm children are at a high risk for neurological impairment, especially those with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The main goal of this study was to describe the neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) at 2 years of corrected age in children born before 29 weeks' gestation between 2010 and 2015 and affected by BPD at 28 days of life. We also searched for risk factors associated with NDI, especially postnatal steroid (PNS) administration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study comprising a cohort of children hospitalized at the university hospital in Grenoble, born ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Decollogne L, Epiard C, Chevallier M, Ego A, Alin L, Debillon T Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Evaluation of oral health status and oral disorders of children with autism spectrum disorders by gender.
CONCLUSION: There were significant gender differences between CASD and healthy children in terms of dental caries and oral disorders in this study. There were also significant differences regarding dental caries and oral disorders between GCASD and BCASD. PMID: 33257211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kuter B, Uzel I Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Late-onset sepsis due to Salmonella  Typhi in a preterm infant in a French neonatal unit.
We report a case of late-onset sepsis caused by Salmonella Typhi in a one-month old preterm infant hospitalised in our neonatal unit. An investigation of the index case was undertaken to identify the source of contamination. The patient made a complete recovery. PMID: 33257212 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Walser S, El Moussawi F, Sire JM, Do Cao J, Boileau P, Letouzey M Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Tolerance induction to deferasirox in a child with transfusion-dependent beta thalassemia.
We report the case of a patient suffering from β+ major transfusion-dependent thalassemia who presented with severe skin reactions to deferoxamine and deferasirox as well as with agranulocytosis after deferiprone administration. The patient benefited from successful tolerance induction to deferasirox. With the increasing number of children suffering from iron overload, we believe that our protocol can be useful to pediatric hematology teams confronted with multiple iron chelator reactions. PMID: 33250331 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 26, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pondrom M, Monpoux F, Rocher F, Gastaut N, Bailly-Piccini C, Poirée M Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Physical activity assessment in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis compared with controls.
CONCLUSION: Children with JIA were less physically active than their healthy peers and less active than recommended for general health. PMID: 33250332 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 26, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fazaa A, Sellami M, Ouenniche K, Miladi S, Kassab S, Chekili S, Ben Abdelghani K, Laatar A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Psychiatric comorbidities of children with elimination disorders.
uml;rer Adanır A Abstract Enuresis and encopresis can be stressful for children and parents. We investigated the comorbid psychiatric disorders and the emotional and behavioral symptoms associated with elimination disorders. A total of 97 children and adolescents (aged 4-17 years) with an elimination disorder participated in this study. The elimination disorder group consisted of three subgroups: 50 subjects with enuresis nocturna, 26 with encopresis, and 21 subjects with enuresis+encopresis. The control group with no elimination disorder comprised 50 healthy subjects. All children were interviewed by a child and...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 19, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gizli Çoban Ö, Önder A, Sürer Adanır A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Point-of-care lung ultrasound in children with bronchiolitis in a pediatric emergency department.
This study assessed the association between findings of lung ultrasound (LUS) performed in the pediatric emergency department (PED) on infants with bronchiolitis and need for respiratory support. METHODS: An observational study was carried out in the PED during the epidemic seasons in two consecutive years. Infants diagnosed with bronchiolitis who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were evaluated. A group of six pediatricians performed LUS and classified lung findings into four groups: normal pattern (A), moderate interstitial pattern (B1), severe interstitial pattern (B2), and isolated consolidation (C). The relationsh...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - November 5, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: San Sebastian Ruiz N, Rodríguez Albarrán I, Gorostiza I, Galletebeitia Laka I, Delgado Lejonagoitia C, Samson F Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Medical thesis publication and academic productivity of pediatric residents at the Medical University of Marseille: Associated factors and evolution over 20 years.
This study investigated the evolution of the publication pattern of pediatric residents and identified the possible factors associated with an increased productivity, by investigating both thesis and non-thesis-related publications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of pediatric residents who graduated from the Medical University of Marseille in France over a 20-year period (1996-2015). Their theses were retrieved from the French database of university theses (SUDOC). Their publications were collated by scanning the PubMed and Google Scholar databases. Non-thesis-related publications wer...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - October 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Brunod I, Rességuier N, Fabre A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Weight-for-height Z-score improves in half of undernourished children hospitalized in surgical wards.
CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the Z-WFH of undernourished children upon admission improved during hospitalization. PMID: 33069563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - October 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wallon C, Binet A, Bernardo K, Le Touze A, Lesage V, Laffon M, Lardy H, Hankard R, De Luca A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Pediatric pheochromocytoma in association with Von Hippel-Lindau disease: Focus on screening strategies.
CONCLUSION: The discovery of a pheochromocytoma in a child must be systematically investigated for an underlying genetic cause. In the particular case of children carrying a mutation of the VHL gene, annual abdominal imaging should be included in the pheochromocytoma screening protocol from the age of 5 years. PMID: 33067065 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - October 13, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Vérot PL, Rabattu PY, Chabre O, Gayot A, Sartelet H, Faguet R, Robert Y, Piolat C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Assessment of the nutritional status of children according to maternal reports: Are mothers' perceptions of their children's appetite accurate?
CONCLUSION: In this study, no significant difference was evident between children defined as having good or poor appetite by their mothers, especially in terms of energy and nutrients. PMID: 33028493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - October 4, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bayindir Gümüş A, Yardimci H, Koç N, Kara Uzun A Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Risks of severe hyponatremia in children receiving hypotonic fluids.
Abstract Intravenous fluids are frequently used in hospitalized children. Hypotonic fluids have been the standard of care in pediatrics for many years. This might be explained by the empiricism of early recommendations favoring fluids with dextrose, but an insufficient amount of sodium. The risk of hyponatremia (
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - October 4, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mercier JC, Titomanlio L, Basmaci R, Gaschignard J Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

The new European regulatory framework for infant and follow-on formulas: Comments from the Committee of Nutrition of the French Society of Pediatrics (CN-SFP).
de Pédiatrie (CN-SFP) PMID: 33023722 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - October 1, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bocquet A, Briend A, Chouraqui JP, Darmaun D, Feillet F, Frelut ML, Guimber D, Hankard R, Lapillonne A, Peretti N, Roze JC, Simeoni U, Turck D, Dupont C, Comité de Nutrition de la Société Française de Pédiatrie (CN-SFP) Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Endogenous endophthalmitis as a severe complication following a Streptococcus pyogenes infection.
We report a pediatric case of endogenous endophthalmitis due to Streptococcus pyogenes angina. A previously healthy 33-month-old child presented to the emergency department with a history of fever and fatigue related to bacterial angina. On physical examination, an opalescent cornea was noticed and the diagnosis of endogenous endophthalmitis was confirmed by the pediatric ophthalmologist. Streptococcus pyogenes was found in blood culture and in the anterior chamber fluid. There was an adverse outcome with posterior vitrectomy and eye atrophy. Since endogenous endophthalmitis can lead to a poor visual outcome, urgent t...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Martinod M, Bost-Bru C, Mortamet G Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Substance abuse among children.
In conclusion, this challenge requires consistent and unremitting attention in order to execute effective prevention programs with continuous re-evaluation of the situation. PMID: 33011026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Aly SM, Omran A, Gaulier JM, Allorge D Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

The EPICES score: A tool for assessing parental socioeconomic vulnerability of children with type 1 diabetes.
rat P PMID: 33011027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Picquart M, Vautier V, Pochelu S, Campas MN, Bertet K, Cousinié D, Bergeron A, Barat P Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Is vulnerability associated with substance use? A study among youth in Switzerland.
In conclusion, this study shows the association between level of vulnerability and substance use, especially cannabis use. The results also demonstrate the complexity around vulnerability and how the interaction with social aspects influences vulnerability. Youths presenting familial, educational, or financial problems need to be especially screened for substance use by healthcare providers. PMID: 33011028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Van Ruymbeke C, Barrense-Dias Y, Suris JC Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Simulation-based pediatric training: A French national survey.
CONCLUSION: Compared with the 2012 report, 19 new centers have emerged within 6 years in France (+158%). Pursuing research to evaluate the impact of simulation programs on physician skills and patient management would appear to be important. PMID: 33011029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Takvorian C, Le Reun C, Jourdain M, Nuytten A, Martinot A, Dubos F Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Testicular hypertrophy as predictor of contralateral nonpalpable testis among Chinese boys: An 18-year retrospective study.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of contralateral testis hypertrophy for predicting the fate of nonpalpable testis in Chinese boys at different ages. METHODS: The data of patients who presented with unilateral impalpable testis and who underwent laparoscopy at the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between January 1, 2000 and January 1, 2018 were reviewed. The boys were divided into four groups: age-matched volunteers with no testicular abnormalities represented the control group (group I), boys with palpable undescended testis (group II), boys with nonpalpable testis (NPT)/viable t...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wei Y, Yu C, Zhou Y, Zhao TX, Lin T, He D, Wu SD, Wei GH Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Comparing the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in hearing-impaired children with normal-hearing peers.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of ADHD in school-aged children with hearing loss is higher than that in the general population of the same age. We could not find significant differences between the different subgroups due to the small sample size. Therefore, we recommend a further larger study to determine the interaction between hearing loss and ADHD. PMID: 33011031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Soleimani R, Jalali MM, Faghih HA Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Assessment of PELOD-2 and PIM-3 scores of children coming from the war in Syria.
CONCLUSION: We consider that the source of the difference between patients brought from the border and those living in Turkey may be associated with the continuing war beyond our borders and children experiencing insufficient care conditions. In conclusion, it is not just weapons that cause death in war, and children unfortunately suffer because of this situation. PMID: 33011032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives de Pediatrie)
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Koker A, Çoban Y, Aydin Koker S, Akbaş Y, Oz Tuncer G, Tural Kara T Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research