A novel recombinant cccDNA-based mouse model with long term maintenance of rcccDNA and antigenemia
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Min Wu, Cong Wang, Bisheng Shi, Zhong Fang, Boyin Qin, Xiaohui Zhou, Xiaonan Zhang, Zhenghong Yuan (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - June 3, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Drug screening identifies gemcitabine inhibiting rotavirus through alteration of pyrimidine nucleotide synthesis pathway
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Sunrui Chen, Yining Wang, Pengfei Li, Yuebang Yin, Marcel Bijvelds, Hugo de Jonge, Maikel P. Peppelenbosch, Denis Kainov, Qiuwei Pan (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - June 1, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Pemetrexed Inhibits Kaposi’s Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Replication through Blocking dTMP Synthesis
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Jungang Chen, Haiwei Zhang, Xulin Chen (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 26, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Hepatitis B Virus cccDNA: Formation, Regulation and Therapeutic Potential
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Yuchen Xia, Haitao Guo (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 23, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Fragment screening targeting Ebola virus nucleoprotein C-terminal domain identifies lead candidates
Publication date: Available online 21 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): David J. Aceti, Hamza Ahmed, William M. Westler, Chao Wu, Hesam Dashti, Marco Tonelli, Hamid Eghbalnia, Gaya K. Amarasinghe, John L. Markley (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 22, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Identification of SARS-CoV RBD-targeting monoclonal antibodies with cross-reactive or neutralizing activity against SARS-CoV-2
Publication date: Available online 13 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Wanbo Tai, Xiujuan Zhang, Yuxian He, Shibo Jiang, Lanying Du (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 14, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Cetylpyridinium Chloride Blocks Herpes Simplex Virus Replication in Gingival Fibroblasts
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Diana C.M. Alvarez, Luisa F. Duarte, Nicolas Corrales, Patricio C. Smith, Pablo A. González (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 11, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Identification of Potassium and Calcium Channel Inhibitors as Modulators of Polyomavirus Endosomal Trafficking
Publication date: Available online 8 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Samuel J. Dobson, Jamel Mankouri, Adrian Whitehouse (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 9, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Imiquimod suppresses respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) replication via PKA pathway and reduces RSV induced-inflammation and viral load in mice lungs
Publication date: Available online 6 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Franco Maximiliano Salinas, Antonela Díaz Nebreda, Luciana Vázquez, María Virginia Gentilini, Victoria Marini, Martina Benedetti, Mercedes Soledad Nabaes Jodar, Mariana Viegas, Carina Shayo, Carlos Alberto Bueno (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 8, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Mechanisms of HBV immune evasion
Publication date: Available online 7 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Adrian Kuipery, Adam J. Gehring, Masanori Isogawa (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 8, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Alphavirus capsid protease inhibitors as potential antiviral agents for Chikungunya infection
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Benazir Fatma, Ravi Kumar, Vedita Anand Singh, Sanketkumar Nehul, Rajesh Sharma, Pooja Kesari, Richard J. Kuhn, Shailly Tomar (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 5, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

BX795 Demonstrates Potent Antiviral Benefits against Herpes Simplex Virus-1 Infection of Human Cell Lines
Publication date: Available online 5 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Aqsa Iqbal, Rahul Suryawanshi, Tejabhiram Yadavalli, Ipsita Volety, Deepak Shukla (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 5, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

HBV replication inhibitors
Publication date: Available online 5 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Claire Pierra Rouviere, Cyril B. Dousson, John E. Tavis (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 5, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Anti-flavivirus activity of polyoxometalate
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Yue Qi, Lin Han, Yanfei Qi, Xia Jin, Bo Zhang, Junqi Niu, Jin Zhong, Yongfen Xu (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 5, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Current knowledge on Hepatitis Delta Virus replication
Publication date: Available online 29 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Julie Lucifora, Marion Delphin (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 1, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Antiviral Activities of Type I Interferons to SARS-CoV-2 Infection
Publication date: Available online 29 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Emily Mantlo, Natalya Bukreyeva, Junki Maruyama, Slobodan Paessler, Cheng Huang (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 29, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

The involvement of Annexin A1 in human placental response to maternal Zika virus infection
Publication date: Available online 29 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Rafaela Batista Molás, Milene Rocha Ribeiro, Maria Juliana C Ramalho dos Santos, Alexandre Urban Borbely, Denise Vaz Oliani, Antonio Hélio Oliani, Suchita Nadkarni, Maurício Lacerda Nogueira, Jusciele Brogin Moreli, Sonia Maria Oliani (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 29, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Artemisinin inhibits the replication of flaviviruses by promoting the type I interferon production
Publication date: Available online 29 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Xugang Wang, Bohan Zheng, Usama Ashraf, Hao Zhang, Chen Cao, Qi Li, Zheng Chen, Muhammad Imran, Huanchun Chen, Shengbo Cao, Jing Ye (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 29, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

LINCS Dataset-Based Repositioning of Rosiglitazone as a Potential Anti-human Adenovirus Drug
Publication date: Available online 27 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Xiaolong Wang, Song He, Zhe Zhou, Xiaochen Bo, Dongmei Qi, Xianjun Fu, Zhenguo Wang, Jing Yang, Shengqi Wang (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 28, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Characterization of contemporary influenza B recombinant viruses harboring mutations of reduced susceptibility to baloxavir marboxil, in vitro and in mice
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Yacine Abed, Clément Fage, Liva Checkmahomed, Marie-Christine Venable, Guy Boivin (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 25, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Ivermectin and COVID-19: a report in Antiviral Research, widespread interest, an FDA warning, two letters to the editor and the authors' responses
Publication date: Available online 21 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Mike Bray, Craig Rayner, François Noël, David Jans, Kylie Wagstaff (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 22, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Coronavirus membrane fusion mechanism offers a potential target for antiviral development
Publication date: June 2020Source: Antiviral Research, Volume 178Author(s): Tiffany Tang, Miya Bidon, Javier A. Jaimes, Gary R. Whittaker, Susan Daniel (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 20, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

TEMPORARY REMOVAL: DDX3 inhibitors show antiviral activity against positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses but not against negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses: The coxsackie B model
Publication date: June 2020Source: Antiviral Research, Volume 178Author(s): Paola Quaranta, Giulia Lottini, Giulia Chesi, Flavia Contrafatto, Roberta Russotto, Lisa Macera, Michele Lai, Pietro Giorgio Spezia, Annalaura Brai, Maurizio Botta, Giulia Freer, Mauro Pistello (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 17, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Antiviral efficacy against Influenza virus and pharmacokinetic analysis of a novel MEK-inhibitor, ATR-002, in cell culture and in the mouse model
Publication date: Available online 15 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Martin Laure, Hazem Hamza, Julia Koch-Heier, Martin Quernheim, Christin Müller, Andre Schreiber, Gerhard Müller, Stephan Pleschka, Stephan Ludwig, Oliver Planz (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 16, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

In vitro and in vivo growth inhibition of human cervical cancer cells via human papillomavirus E6/E7 mRNAs’ cleavage by CRISPR/Cas13a system
Publication date: Available online 14 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Yili Chen, Hongye Jiang, Ting Wang, Dan He, Rui Tian, Zifeng Cui, Xun Tian, Qinglei Gao, Xin Ma, Jianrong Yang, Jun Wu, Songwei Tan, Hongyan Xu, Xiongzhi Tang, Yan Wang, Zhiying Yu, Hui Han, Bhudev C. Das, Konstantin Severinov, Inga Isabel Hitzeroth (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 14, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: May 2020Source: Antiviral Research, Volume 177Author(s): (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 14, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Remdesivir and SARS-CoV-2: structural requirements at both nsp12 RdRp and nsp14 Exonuclease active-sites
Publication date: Available online 10 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Ashleigh Shannon, Nhung Thi Tuyet Le, Barbara Selisko, Cecilia Eydoux, Karine Alvarez, Jean-Claude Guillemot, Etienne Decroly, Olve Peersen, Francois Ferron, Bruno Canard (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 11, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Type 1 interferons as a potential treatment against COVID-19
Publication date: Available online 7 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Erwan Sallard, François-Xavier Lescure, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, France Mentre, Nathan Peiffer-Smadja, Florence ADER, Yazdan YAZDANPANAH, France MENTRE, François-Xavier LESCURE, Nathan PEIFFER-SMADJA, Lila BOUADMA, Julien POISSY, Jean-François TIMSIT, Bruno LINA, Florence MORFIN-SHERPA, Gilles PEYTAVIN, Charles BURDET, Cedric LAOUENAN, Drifa BELHADI, Axelle DUPONT (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 9, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Coronavirus membrane fusion mechanism offers as a potential target for antiviral development
Publication date: Available online 6 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Tiffany Tang, Miya Bidon, Javier A. Jaimes, Gary R. Whittaker, Susan Daniel (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 7, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

p53 and p53-related mediators PAI-1 and IGFBP-3 are downregulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HIV-patients exposed to NNRTI
Publication date: Available online 6 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Aleksandra Gruevska, Angela B. Moragrega, Maria J. Galindo, Juan V. Esplugues, Ana Blas-Garcia, Nadezda Apostolova (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 7, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Low replicative fitness of neuraminidase inhibitor-resistant H7N9 avian influenza A virus with R292K substitution in neuraminidase in cynomolgus macaques compared with I222T substitution
Publication date: Available online 6 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Saori Suzuki, Shintaro Shichinohe, Yasushi Itoh, Misako Nakayama, Hirohito Ishigaki, Yuya Mori, Ayako Ogata-Nakahara, Cong Thanh Nguyen, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Yoshihiro Sakoda, Hiroshi Kida, Kazumasa Ogasawara (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 7, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

The trimeric artesunate derivative TF27 exerts strong anti-cytomegaloviral efficacy: focus on prophylactic efficacy and oral treatment of immunocompetent mice
Publication date: Available online 3 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Markus Wild, Luca D. Bertzbach, Pierre Tannig, Christina Wangen, Regina Müller, Lars Herrmann, Tony Fröhlich, Svetlana B. Tsogoeva, Benedikt B. Kaufer, Manfred Marschall, Friedrich Hahn (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 4, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

The FDA-approved Drug Ivermectin inhibits the replication of SARS-CoV-2 in vitro
Publication date: Available online 3 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Leon Caly, Julian D. Druce, Mike G. Catton, David A. Jans, Kylie M. Wagstaff (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 4, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Remdesivir, lopinavir, emetine, and homoharringtonine inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication in vitro
Publication date: Available online 3 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Ka-Tim Choy, Alvina Yin-Lam Wong, Prathanporn Kaewpreedee, Sin-Fun Sia, Dongdong Chen, Kenrie Pui Yan Hui, Daniel Ka Wing Chu, Michael Chi Wai Chan, Peter Pak-Hang Cheung, Xuhui Huang, Malik Peiris, Hui-Ling Yen (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 4, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

An efficient method for simultaneously screening for HIV, syphilis, and HCV based on one dried blood spot sample
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Jieqiong Ma, Yanan Ren, Lin He, Xiaoxia He, Xing Wenge, Jiang Yan (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - April 3, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Effect of antiviral treatment in older patients hospitalized with confirmed influenza
Publication date: Available online 29 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Núria Soldevila, Diana Toledo, Raúl Ortiz de Lejarazu, Sonia Tamames, Jesús Castilla, Jenaro Astray, Maria Amelia Fernández, Vicente Martín, Mikel Egurrola, María Morales Suárez-Varela, Àngela Domínguez, J.M. Mayoral, J. Díaz-Borrego, A. Morillo, M.J. Pérez-Lozano, J. Gutiérrez, M. Pérez-Ruiz, M.A. Fernández-Sierra, S. Tamames, S. Rojo-Rello (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 31, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Synthesis and antiviral effect of novel fluoxetine analogues as enterovirus 2C inhibitors
Publication date: Available online 29 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Roberto Manganaro, Birgit Zonsics, Lisa Bauer, Moira Lorenzo Lopez, Tim Donselaar, Marleen Zwaagstra, Fabiana Saporito, Salvatore Ferla, Jeroen R.P.M. Strating, Bruno Coutard, Daniel L. Hurdiss, Frank J.M. van Kuppeveld, Andrea Brancale (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 31, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Put a cork in it: Plugging the M2 viral ion channel to sink influenza
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Pouria H. Jalily, Maggie C. Duncan, David Fedida, Jun Wang, Ian Tietjen (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Glibenclamide inhibits BK polyomavirus infection in kidney cells through CFTR blockade
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Margarita-Maria Panou, Michelle Antoni, Ethan L. Morgan, Eleni-Anna Loundras, Christopher W. Wasson, Matthew Welberry-Smith, Jamel Mankouri, Andrew Macdonald (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Role of hepatitis B antibody in predicting reactivation of resolved hepatitis B virus infection in leukemia patients
Publication date: May 2020Source: Antiviral Research, Volume 177Author(s): Tian Wu, Nan Wu, Yan-Xiu Ma, Jing Wu, Yan Gao, Xiao-Ben Pan (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Identification of entry inhibitors with 4-aminopiperidine scaffold targeting group 1 influenza A virus
Publication date: Available online 25 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Amira F.A. Hussein, Han Cheng, Smanla Tundup, Aleksandar Antanasijevic, Elizabeth Varhegyi, Jasmine Perez, Eiman M. AbdulRahman, Mervat G. Elenany, Soheir Helal, Michael Caffrey, Norton Peet, Balaji Manicassamy, Lijun Rong (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 26, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Amide-containing α-hydroxytropolones as inhibitors of hepatitis B virus replication
Publication date: Available online 23 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Qilan Li, Elena Lomonosova, Maureen J. Donlin, Feng Cao, Austin O'Dea, Brienna Milleson, Alex J. Berkowitz, John-Charles Baucom, John P. Stasiak, Daniel V. Schiavone, Rudolf G. Abdelmessih, Anastasiya Lyubimova, Americo J. Fraboni, Lauren P. Bejcek, Juan A. Villa, Emilio Gallicchio, Ryan P. Murelli, John E. Tavis (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 25, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Reasons to consider early treatment in chronic hepatitis B patients
Publication date: Available online 23 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Apostolos Koffas, Jörg Petersen, Patrick T. Kennedy (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 25, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

The human α-defensin-derived peptide HD5(1–9) inhibits cellular attachment and entry of human cytomegalovirus
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Rebecca Böffert, Ramona Businger, Hannes Preiß, Dirk Ehmann, Vincent Truffault, Claudia Simon, Natalia Ruetalo, Klaus Hamprecht, Patrick Müller, Jan Wehkamp, Michael Schindler (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 23, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

DDX3 inhibitors show antiviral activity against positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses but not against negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses: The coxsackie B model
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Paola Quaranta, Giulia Lottini, Giulia Chesi, Flavia Contrafatto, Roberta Russotto, Lisa Macera, Michele Lai, Pietro Giorgio Spezia, Annalaura Brai, Maurizio Botta, Giulia Freer, Mauro Pistello (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 22, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Evaluation of the immune response of a H7N9 candidate vaccine virus derived from the fifth wave A/Guangdong/17SF003/2016
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Ji Dong, Peihai Chen, Yang Wang, Yunhua Lv, Ji Xiao, Qinming Li, Zhixia Li, Beiwu Zhang, Xuefeng Niu, Chufang Li, Weiqi Pan, Ling Chen (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 20, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Labyrinthopeptins as virolytic inhibitors of respiratory syncytial virus cell entry
Publication date: Available online 18 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Sebastian Blockus, Svenja M. Sake, Martin Wetzke, Christina Grethe, Theresa Graalmann, Marina Pils, Ronan Le Goffic, Marie Galloux, Hans Prochnow, Katharina Rox, Stephan Hüttel, Zeljka Rupcic, Bettina Wiegmann, Ronald Dijkman, Marie-Anne Rameix-Welti, Jean-François Eléouët, W Paul Duprex, Volker Thiel, Gesine Hansen, Mark Brönstrup (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 18, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: April 2020Source: Antiviral Research, Volume 176Author(s): (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 14, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Structure guided maturation of a novel humanized anti-HBV antibody and its preclinical development
Publication date: Available online 12 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Bing Zhou, Lin Xia, Tianying Zhang, Min You, Yang Huang, Maozhou He, Ruopeng Su, Jixian Tang, Juan Zhang, Shaowei Li, Zhiqiang An, Quan Yuan, Wenxin Luo, Ningshao Xia (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 13, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Inhibition of herpes simplex virus by myricetin through targeting viral gD protein and cellular EGFR/PI3K/Akt pathway
Publication date: Available online 9 March 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Wenmiao Li, Cuijing Xu, Cui Hao, Yang Zhang, Zhaoqi Wang, Shuyao Wang, Wei Wang (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - March 10, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research