'They'll inject you and you'll die': from medication non-compliance to acceptance in Guinea's Ebola treatment units.
This article, in addition to exploring patients' practices and related perceptions of treatment with evolving meanings in this outbreak crisis situation, also presents practical recommendations for future Ebola interventions as well as theoretical knowledge about the circulation and transformation of socially constructed representations of medications. PMID: 31385715 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

The embodiment of a floating signifier.
Authors: Littlewood R, Reynolds E Abstract As described in ethnographies, the 'floating signifiers' of social anthropology appear akin to similar categories in contemporary Western societies such as energy. Both may be embodied in actual experience. The practice of ritual orgasm, Pra-Na, and its relation to the group's cosmology, are intrinsic to a religio-therapeutic community in San Francisco whose ideas derive from reified Western notions of 'vital energy' along with popular Chinese medicine, and in which the second author conducted fieldwork involving participant observation between 2008 and 2009. The article e...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - August 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Situating biologies of traditional Chinese medicine in Central Europe.
Authors: Stöckelová T, Trnka S Abstract Since the concept of 'local biologies' was proposed in the 1990s, it has been used to examine biosocial processes that transform human bodies in similar and different ways around the globe. This paper explores understandings of biosocial differentiation and convergence in the case of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in the Czech Republic. Specifically, it examines how Czech TCM practitioners view TCM as universally applicable while fine-tuning it to situated biosocial conditions, experimenting with the compatibilities of various human and plant bodies as part of...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - August 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Not-knowing and the proliferation of assumptions: local explanations of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Suriname.
Authors: Ramdas S, van der Geest S Abstract Why do patients and others confronted with cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) - a parasitic skin disease - in the hinterland of Suriname, South America, provide a dazzling variety of aetiological explanations for one single illness? And how do these explanations reflect local knowledge of and interest in the origin of illness? In this article, we explore these questions using the concept of 'not-knowing', as introduced by Murray Last in 1981. One of Last's conclusions is that 'don't knows' or 'don't cares' reflect people's disinterest in medicine. The aim of this article, howev...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - August 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Capturing complexity in the evaluation of a major area-based initiative in community empowerment: what can a multi-site, multi team, ethnographic approach offer?
Authors: Orton L, Ponsford R, Egan M, Halliday E, Whitehead M, Popay J Abstract In recent years, there has been growing emphasis on the need to develop ways of capturing 'complexity' in the evaluation of health initiatives in order to produce better evidence about 'how' and under what conditions such interventions work. Used alone, conventional methods of evaluation that attempt to reduce intervention processes and outcomes to a small number of discrete and finite variables, are typically not well suited to this task. Among the research community there have been increasing calls to take more seriously qualitative m...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

The contribution of ethnography to the evaluation of quality improvement in hospital settings: reflections on observing co-design in intensive care units and lung cancer pathways in the UK.
Authors: Vougioukalou S, Boaz A, Gager M, Locock L Abstract Ethnography is increasingly being used in the evaluation of quality improvement and change initiatives in healthcare settings, particularly in the form of 'focused' and 'rapid' ethnographies. This new ethnographic genre is tailored to suit narrower enquiries within clinical pathways. However, the application of ethnography to the evaluation of quality improvement is not straightforward or free from reductionist bias, particularly in hospital settings where interventions take place during a limited period of time and instigate change in busy and sensitive s...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Ethnography and evaluation: temporalities of complex systems and methodological complexity.
Authors: Reynolds J, Lewis S Abstract In public health there is increased focus on evaluating 'complex' interventions for health improvement, examining how their multiple components interact dynamically with the contextual system in which they are delivered. Amid this complexity framing are calls for methodologies that can facilitate contextual understanding as part of the evaluation process, including ethnography. However, while ethnography's attention to 'context' has been recognised as valuable for evaluation, few questions have been raised about the possible tensions of aligning what are quite different expecta...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - March 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Polycystic ovary syndrome, medical semantics, and the political ecology of health in India.
Authors: Pathak G Abstract Within public health, investigations into the rise of metabolic syndrome disorders, such as obesity and type II diabetes, following on the heels of globalisation have tended to focus on the twin axes of diet and physical exercise. However, such a limited focus obscures wider transformations in bodily and health-related practices that emerge in response to globalisation. This paper is an exploration of public discourses about PCOS-a hormonal disorder that affects menstruation, is associated with obesity, heart disease, and type II diabetes, and has been on the rise in India since the liber...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - March 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Experiences of integrated care: reflections on tensions of size, scale and perspective between ethnography and evaluation.
Authors: Hughes G Abstract An in-depth case study of integrated health and social care provides the empirical basis for this exploration of tensions between ethnography and evaluation. The case study, developed from a two year period of fieldwork, is based on ethnographic data of individuals' experiences of living with multiple long-term conditions, their experiences of integrated care, and integrated care commissioning practices. Narrative and phenomenological analysis show how temporal aspects of ethnographic fieldwork contribute to producing knowledge of patients' experiences. However, tensions emerge when attem...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Pluralism and practicality: village health workers' responses to contested meanings of mental illness in Southern Malawi.
Conclusions add to the call for such task-shifting approaches to work with communities to discern authentic and practical responses to mental distress that mirror the 'pluralism and pragmatism' found in the communities they serve. PMID: 30714836 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Ideals, negotiations and gender roles in gay and lesbian co-parenting arrangements.
Authors: Herbrand C Abstract This paper engages with the complex gender and parental dynamics experienced in the context of co-parenting arrangements. These arrangements, based on mutual agreement, involve people who commit to raising a child together, possibly with their respective partners. These family forms are usually pursued to avoid what is perceived as the uncertainty surrounding alternative assisted reproductive options such as donor insemination or surrogacy, and to allow the child to have two biological and sexually differentiated parental figures. This paper explores some of the opportunities and challe...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Conceptions of transgender parenthood in fertility care and family planning in Sweden: from reproductive rights to concrete practices.
Authors: Payne JG, Erbenius T Abstract It is an oft-repeated trope that the recent medical advances in the field of assisted reproduction have radically transformed the ways in which we can achieve, practice and imagine parenthood. This development has enabled new forms of non-heterosexual family constellations, including same-sex nuclear families and solo-parents by choice, and as a result an increasing number of groups are mobilising politically for access to fertility treatments. Swedish transgender patients are one of these groups; after many years of political mobilisation, they are no longer required by law t...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Commentary.
Authors: Inhorn MC PMID: 30686028 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

The role of normative ideologies of motherhood in intended mothers' experiences of egg donation in Canada.
Authors: Hammond K Abstract This paper explores 18 infertile Canadian intended mothers' experiences using donor eggs to conceive. Their narratives reflect a persistent normative ideology of reproduction and motherhood in Canada, where reproduction is natural, and expected, mother and child are genetically related, and two (genetic) parent families are what is normal. These ideologies permeate intended mothers' experiences of infertility, and their relationship with their egg donor. Much of the intended mothers' grief over their infertility was attributable to the gap between their experience and their perceived sen...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Conceiving contemporary parenthood: imagining, achieving and accounting for parenthood in new family forms.
Authors: Gürtin ZB, Faircloth C PMID: 30686030 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Intercultural health in Ecuador: an asymmetrical and incomplete project.
Authors: Herrera D, Hutchins F, Gaus D, Troya C Abstract Intimate connections between culture and health are complicated by various understandings of the human body, divergent beliefs about reality and place-bound theories about healing. Health care systems in various countries are modified with a goal of creating 'hybrid' structures that make room for traditional practices within a dominant Western model. But genuine intercultural health care is elusive. In Ecuador, a country with great cultural and geographic diversity, the culture-health spectrum is broad and bumpy. This is especially evident in health care poli...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Surrogate non-motherhood: Israeli and US surrogates speak about kinship and parenthood.
Authors: Teman E, Berend Z Abstract Drawing on a comparison of two ethnographic research projects on surrogacy in the United States and Israel, this paper explores surrogates' views about motherhood and parenthood, relationships and relatedness. The paper challenges three myths of surrogacy: that surrogates bond with the babies they carry for intended parents, that it is immoral not to acknowledge the surrogates' maternity, and that surrogacy upsets the moral order of society by dehumanizing and commodifying reproduction. Contrasting the similarities and differences in the voices of surrogates from these studies, t...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - July 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Generating toxic landscapes: impact on well-being of cotton farmers in Telangana, India.
Authors: Kannuri NK, Jadhav S Abstract Existing literature demonstrates agro-chemicals result in physical toxicity and damages human health, flora and fauna. However, little is known about how such 'toxicity' relates to mental well-being and social suffering. This paper aims to demonstrate how local, national and international vectors are interlinked to shape social distress among cotton farmers in India. Ethnographic interviews and focus group discussions were conducted in a cotton-growing village of the Warangal district, Telangana state, India. The results advance the concept of counter therapeutic spaces and hy...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Psychiatric hegemony: a Marxist theory of mental illness, by Bruce M. Z. Cohen.
Authors: Stragalinos P PMID: 29954189 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Drinking water and chronic kidney disease of unknown aetiology in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
Authors: de Silva MWA Abstract This paper examines how people in Anuradhapura District in Sri Lanka affected by endemic chronic kidney disease of unknown aetiology (CKDu) explain the factors causing the illness and their cultural meanings. The research found that the issue of contaminated water raised by the local community and the cultural meaning of water have influenced the government policy, health programmes, research agendas and the work of the media. Media reports on sociocultural, biomedical and epidemiological research into the aetiology of kidney disease have strengthened the perspective of the villagers ...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Accounting for the money-made parenthood of transnational surrogacy.
Authors: Stuvøy I Abstract In the last decade, transnational surrogacy has attracted world-wide attention for making babies and pregnancies exchangeable with money. Involuntarily childless couples and individuals travel abroad and pay to have the desired child and to become parents. Acknowledging the importance of asking into the consequences of this monetization of reproduction, the author takes issue with universalistic assumptions about money and markets, and their presumed universal effects on social relations. Instead, it is argued that we need to explore how money works, and, by extension, how transnat...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Vulnerable articulations: the opportunities and challenges of illness and recovery.
Authors: Trundle C, Gibson H, Bell L Abstract Medical anthropology overwhelmingly reveals vulnerability as a problem of powerlessness. Vulnerable groups and individuals are those exposed to the pernicious effects of inequalities, injustices, and oppressive political realities. This largely pejorative stance, we argue, simplifies the place of vulnerability within human experience and in relation to the body, health and illness. By showcasing a range of interlocking vulnerabilities, this paper reveal the spectrum of positive and negative vulnerabilities that affect health and recovery. Through the concept of vulnerab...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Medical humanitarianism: ethnographies of practice, edited by Sharon Abramowitz and Catherine Panter-Brick.
Authors: Aiano F PMID: 29916729 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - June 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

The cancer may come back: experiencing and managing worries of relapse in a North Norwegian village after treatment.
Authors: Skowronski M, Risør MB, Andersen RS, Foss N Abstract Little is known about how people living in the aftermath of cancer treatment experience and manage worries about possible signs of cancer relapse, not as an individual enterprise but as socially embedded management. One-year ethnographic fieldwork was conducted in a coastal village of under 3000 inhabitants in northern Norway. Ten villagers who had undergone cancer treatment from six months to five years earlier were the main informants. During fieldwork, the first author conducted qualitative, semi-structured monthly interviews with them, and par...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Sadness, depression, and the Dark Night of the Soul: transcending the medicalisation of sadness, by Gloria Dura-Vila.
Authors: Molina N PMID: 29889547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - June 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Magic, faith and healing: studies in primitive psychiatry today, edited by Ari Kiev.
Authors: Littlewood R PMID: 29889558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - June 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Genomics and cure: understanding narratives of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy in Japan.
Authors: Kato M Abstract Globally, genomics research is expected to enhance the health of patients with intractable diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). But how do patients perceive medical and scientific attempts at creating drugs and finding cure, and why? Since the 1990s, a number of clinical trials for patients of DMD have been organized. Among them are a gene therapy and exon skipping, and they indicate the possibility of finding therapies for DMD patients. Since 2011, Japanese medical institutions have been participating in Global Clinical Trials so that Japanese DMD patients can have access to...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - March 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Inclusion and exclusion in the globalisation of genomics; the case of rare genetic disease in Brazil.
Authors: Gibbon S, Aureliano W Abstract Within the context of a globalising agenda for genetic research where 'global health' is increasingly seen as necessarily informed by and having to account for genomics, the focus on rare genetic diseases is becoming prominent. Drawing from ethnographic research carried out separately by both authors in Brazil, this paper examines how an emerging focus on two different arenas of rare genetic disease, cancer genetics and a class of degenerative neurological diseases known as Ataxias, is subject to and a product of the dynamics of inclusion and exclusion as this concerns partic...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - March 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Inherited blood disorders, genetic risk and global public health: framing 'birth defects' as preventable in India.
Authors: Chattoo S Abstract This paper engages critically with the global assemblage framing sickle cell and thalassaemia disorders as a 'global health crisis'; and the promise of genomics, largely DNA-based carrier/pre-conceptual screening, prenatal diagnosis with a view to terminations, deployed in framing a solution to these historically racialised spectrum of diseases as essentially preventable. Sickle cell and thalassaemia are recessively inherited, potentially life-threatening haemoglobin disorders with significant variation of severity, often needing life-long treatment. I argue that the re-classification of...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - March 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

The justification of studies in genetic epidemiology  - political scaling in China Medical City.
The justification of studies in genetic epidemiology - political scaling in China Medical City. Anthropol Med. 2018 Apr;25(1):102-120 Authors: Sleeboom-Faulkner M Abstract Genetic epidemiology examines the role of genetic factors in determining health and disease in families and in populations to help addressing health problems in a responsible manner. This paper uses a case study of genetic epidemiology in Taizhou, China, to explore ways in which anthropology can contribute to the validation of studies in genetic epidemiology. It does so, first, by identifying potential overgeneralizations o...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - March 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

City and cosmology: genetics, health, and urban living in Dubai.
Authors: Parkhurst A Abstract In light of increasingly high rates of diabetes, heart disease, and obesity among citizens of the Arabian Gulf, popular health discourse in the region has emphasised the emergent Arab genome as the primary etiological basis of major health conditions. However, after many years of public dissemination of genomic knowledge in the region, and widespread acceptance of this knowledge among Gulf Arab citizens, the rates of chronic illness continue to increase. This paper briefly explores the clash between indigenous Islamic knowledge systems and biomedical knowledge systems imported into the...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - March 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Genomics and genetic medicine: pathways to global health?
Authors: Gibbon S, Kilshaw S, Sleeboom-Faulkner M PMID: 29533095 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - March 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

The mother's carnet de sant é (health booklet) in Cameroon: a tool for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV?
The mother's carnet de santé (health booklet) in Cameroon: a tool for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV? Anthropol Med. 2018 Feb 27;:1-15 Authors: Tantchou J, Tijou-Traoré A Abstract In the global effort against HIV and AIDS, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in resource-poor countries is an issue of international importance. In Cameroon, a widely disseminated protocol defines the process to be followed by all pregnant women within the public health system before and after screening, whatever the result. The protocol as a representation of professional...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - February 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Sinophobia. Anxiety, violence, and the making of Mongolian identity, by Franck Bill é.
Sinophobia. Anxiety, violence, and the making of Mongolian identity, by Franck Billé. Anthropol Med. 2018 Jan 17;:1-3 Authors: Kossberg TN PMID: 29338311 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - January 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Cosmos, gods and madmen: frameworks in the anthropologies of medicine, edited by Roland Littlewood and Rebecca Lynch.
Authors: Derges J PMID: 29338317 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - January 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Hospitals as factories of medical garbage.
Authors: Hodges S Abstract Over the course of the twentieth century, as hospitals cleaned up, they came to produce more and more rubbish. Beginning in the 1970s and gaining pace in the 1980s and 1990s, single-use plastic items (syringes, blood bags, tubing) saturated everyday medical practice across the globe. This essay brings the question of plastic to bear upon the longer history of twentieth century sanitary science. The widespread adoption of single-use disposable medical plastics consolidated a century's worth of changes in medical hygiene. As strange as it may seem today, the initial uptake of medical plasti...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - December 30, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

'The fragile medical: the slippery terrain between medicine, anthropology and societies'.
Authors: Sykes I, Naraindas H PMID: 29283034 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - December 30, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Of sacraments, sacramentals and anthropology: is anthropological explanation sacramental?
Authors: Naraindas H Abstract This paper suggests that what is usually called a cultural misunderstanding of biomedical disease categories may be construed as a biomedical and anthropological misunderstanding of cultural categories. This is premised on the fact that anthropology often functions as an intimate double and handmaiden of biomedicine, in so far as it refuses to countenance the possibility of theurgic aetiologies in the realm of what is called 'mental illness'. Such a refusal displaces native explanations of divine or demonic agency to human agency. This is best elucidated by examining the unexamined rel...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - December 30, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

From distress to disease: a critique of the medicalisation of possession in DSM-5.
Authors: Padmanabhan D Abstract This paper critiques the category of possession-form dissociative identity disorder as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM-5) published in 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). The DSM as an index of psychiatry pathologises possession by categorising it as a form of dissociative identity disorder. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork, this paper argues that such a pathologisation medicalises possession, which is understood as a non-pathological condition in other contexts such as by those individuals who manifest possession at a te...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - December 30, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

A critique of medicalisation: three instances.
Authors: Ryang S Abstract By briefly exploring three different examples where the existence of mental illness and developmental delay has been presumed, this paper sheds light on the way what Foucault calls the emergence of a regime of truth, i.e. where something that does not exist is made to exist through the construction of a system of truth around it. The first example concerns the direct marketing of pharmaceutical products to consumers in the US, the second the use of psychology in semi-post-Cold War Korea, and the third the persisting authority of psychology in the treatment of the developmentally delayed. W...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - December 30, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Humanitarian quarantine in practice: medicine, religion and leprosy in New Caledonia.
Authors: Sykes IJ Abstract Medicine and religion worked in close synchronisation during the leprosy outbreak of New Caledonia (1890-1950). Once isolation of leprosy-affected people became mandatory doctors and missionaries came together to promote a particular form of medical practice that tied charitable zeal with cutting-edge medical research, developing a sophisticated set of medical practices that catered for the soul as well as the body. Such practices went hand-in-hand with ideas developed by doctors in the earlier stages of the epidemic about the way in which the disease had entered the Kanak (local Melanesi...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - December 30, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Meaning in hoarding: perspectives of people who hoard on clutter, culture and agency.
Authors: Orr DMR, Preston-Shoot M, Braye S Abstract Hoarding has become increasingly prominent in clinical practice and popular culture in recent years, giving rise to extensive research and commentary. Critical responses in the social sciences have criticised the cultural assumptions built in to the construct of 'hoarding disorder' and expressed fears that it may generate stigma outweighing its benefits; however, few of these studies have engaged directly with 'hoarders' themselves. This paper reports on in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 10 individuals living in England, who received assessment and interve...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - December 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Morality in clinical space: treatment of youngsters with functional somatic symptoms in a Western clinical context.
Authors: Laursen SS, Dehlholm-Lambertsen B, Stenager E, Johannessen H Abstract This paper explores the moral implications of treatment of young people with functional somatic symptoms. Based on an ethnographic field study at a Danish pain clinic for youngsters (age 8 to 18), the paper seeks to unearth the cultural, moral values that clinical practice steers by and upholds, and the implications this has for the assessment and management of ill body-selves. Through an exposition of the general practice of the clinic and an investigation of two specific cases of youngsters, it is found that the assessment of symptoms ...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - December 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Reflections on the history of bareback sex through ethnography: the works of subjectivity and PrEP.
Authors: Brisson J Abstract Throughout the history of bareback sex (condomless sex between men), 'subjects' have been created, particularly through scientific literature, to characterise the men who engage in the sexual practice. For example, a gay man who does not use a condom may be framed as a pathologised subject. This paper first presents this history. Afterwards, by relying upon ethnographic data such as interviews collected from fieldwork research done in Toronto in 2014 with young gay men who have bareback sex, it shows exactly how these young gay men related themselves to those subjects. Then, it focuses o...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - November 29, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Correction to: Guzmen-Carmeli and Sharabi, Textual healing: tailor-made kabbalistic therapeutics in Jerusalem.
Authors: PMID: 29164905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - November 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Holy local system: religious treatment of mental sickness in rural China.
Authors: Zheng H, Pei Y Abstract Kleinman pioneered the use of intensive case studies in China and elsewhere. Drawing on this approach, this paper shows how two rural Chinese converts to Christianity recovered from prolonged mental sickness incurred during the Cultural Revolution many years earlier. The apparent 'cure' is part of local narrative in which rural Chinese Christians' first contact with Christianity has the pragmatic aim of seeking treatment to relieve physical pain, but leads to conversion and believed divine deliverance from psychological as well as physical suffering. In acquiring what they regard as...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - October 31, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Universal classifications, national approaches and specific situations: a comparative study on the conceptualization of nodding syndrome in Uganda and Tanzania.
Authors: van Bemmel K, van der Weegen K Abstract This paper presents a comparative study on conceptualizations of the poorly understood nodding syndrome (NS) in Uganda and Tanzania. NS has been constructed as a biomedical category to serve global health discourse as well as national contexts of managing the condition. The paper looks into the shifting meanings and conceptualizations of NS in the affected areas of Kitgum (UG) and Mahenge (TZ) district. The perceived universality of biomedical classifications is problematized as conflicting with the specific contexts of lucluc and kifafa cha kusinzia. Reconciliation ...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - October 31, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Textual healing: tailor-made kabbalistic therapeutics in Jerusalem.
Authors: Guzmen-Carmali S, Sharabi A Abstract This paper, based on fieldwork conducted in a Jerusalem yeshiva, describes how the yeshiva, a traditional institute of religious studies, also serves as an institution of healing and personal therapy in which sacred religious texts assume a central place. The article focuses on personal sessions between the rabbi who heads the yeshiva, and his audience of believers who turn to him for help in coping with personal hardships and tribulations. The paper contextualizes and elaborates upon the concept of 'deep healing' to describe how the rabbi uses his regular 'tool kit' to...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - October 31, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Cholera control and anti-Haitian stigma in the Dominican Republic: from migration policy to lived experience.
Authors: Keys HM, Kaiser BN, Foster JW, Freeman MC, Stephenson R, Lund AJ, Kohrt BA Abstract As cholera spread from Haiti to the Dominican Republic, Haitian migrants, a largely undocumented and stigmatized population in Dominican society, became a focus of public health concern. Concurrent to the epidemic, the Dominican legislature enacted new documentation requirements. This paper presents findings from an ethnographic study of anti-Haitian stigma in the Dominican Republic from June to August 2012. Eight focus group discussions (FGDs) were held with Haitian and Dominican community members. Five in-depth interviews...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - October 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research

Mental disorder: anthropological insights, edited by Nichola Khan.
Authors: Orr DMR PMID: 29041809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anthropology and Medicine)
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - October 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research