Difficulties in the treatment of an infant survivor with inherited surfactant protein-B deficiency in Tunisia
Samia Hamouda, Ines Trabelsi, Alix de Becdelièvre, Khadija BoussettaAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2022 17(2):132-135 A female-term neonate showed a severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) at hour 3 of life requiring her transfer to intensive care. She was intubated and started on assist-control mechanical ventilation associated with inhaled nitric oxide then high-frequency oscillation ventilation at day 12. Chest X-ray was gradually deteriorating. Chest computed tomography (CT) scan revealed diffuse interstitial lung disease. Flexible bronchoscopy excluded pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. The genetics study co...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 19, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Samia Hamouda Ines Trabelsi Alix de Becdeli & #232;vre Khadija Boussetta Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of bronchoscopy in sputum-negative pulmonary tuberculosis patients and its correlation with clinicoradiological features
CONCLUSIONS: An overall diagnostic yield of 90% was achieved with combined use of BAL MTB PCR, culture, and histopathology. Upper lobe lavage and presence of cavities on chest imaging had a higher diagnostic yield. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 19, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sadia Imtiaz Enas Mansour Batubara Source Type: research

Obstructive sleep apnea in patients with severe asthma: Prevalence and association between severity and asthma control
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of OSA was high (32.37%) in patients with severe asthma. Uncontrolled severe asthma was significantly associated with severe OSA. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 19, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fatema Al-Lawati Saif M Al-Mubaihsi B Jayakrishnan Sayed Rizvi Mohammed A Al-Abri Source Type: research

The effectiveness of POST-DISCHARGE telerehabilitation practices in COVID-19 patients: Tele-COVID study-randomized controlled trial
CONCLUSION: Telerehabilitation exercise program with less technical equipment is a good alternative treatment method for COVID-19 subjects, which improves the quality of life and symptomatic status of subjects. Clinical Trial Registration Number: nct04402983 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 19, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Esra Pehlivan & #304;smail Palal & #305; Sibel Gayretli Atan Demet Turan Halit & #199; & #305;narka Erdo & #287;an & #199;etinkaya Source Type: research

The association of timing of pharmacological prophylaxis and venous thromboembolism in patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury: A retrospective cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: Late prophylaxis (>72 h) was associated with higher VTE rate in patients with moderate-to-severe TBI, but not with higher mortality. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 19, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hasan M Al-Dorzi Ghadah Al-Yami Fatima Al-Daker Muhannad Q Alqirnas Moustafa S Alhamadh Raymond Khan Source Type: research

Evaluation of risk stratification and adherence to venous thromboembolism prophylaxis among hospitalized obstetric women: Retrospective case file review at East Jeddah Hospital during 2018 & #8211;2019
CONCLUSION: There was a considerable VTE risk among hospitalized obstetric patients which peaked during the postnatal period. Physicians showed good compliance to local VTE protocol with no reported VTE events or drug-induced bleeding. However, the implementation of prophylaxis is associated with both under and overutilization. There is a need for increasing the physicians' awareness of optimizing VTE risk assessment and documentation for hospitalized obstetric patients. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 19, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ghadeer Mattar Nada Al Sahafi Lujain Al Hazmi Nadia Al Hazmi Hanaa Elsayed Abozeid Intessar Sultan Source Type: research

Pathophysiology and rehabilitation management of exercise intolerance in COVID-19 patients
DISCUSSION: Exercise intolerance is caused by some pathological processes in the respiratory, cardiovascular, and musculoskeletal systems as a result of systemic inflammation. Fatigue and shortness of breath during the activity were the most common symptom in the early phase of COVID-19 and persisted until the follow-up phase. Hospital admission, especially prolonged use of ventilators and immobilization worsen functional impairment resulting in persistent symptoms. Rehabilitation management begins with a functional assessment consisting of symptom assessment and physical examination of the body systems affected. The goals...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 19, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Arnengsih Nazir Indra Putera Hasri Source Type: research

COVID-19 reinfection: A multicenter retrospective study in Saudi Arabia
CONCLUSION: COVID-19 reinfection is rare and does not carry a higher risk of severe disease. Further studies are required, especially with the continuously newly emerging variants, with the unpredictable risk of reinfection. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 19, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Naila A Shaheen Rakan Sambas Maha Alenezi Naif Khalaf Alharbi Omar Aldibasi Mohammad Bosaeed Source Type: research

Challenges and recommendations for the management of asthma in the Middle East and Africa
We present the recommendations for the management of asthma along with proposed regional adaptations of international guidelines for MEA. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 19, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mohamed Omar Zeitouni Mohamed Saad Al-Moamary Marie Louise Coussa Moussa Riachy Bassam Mahboub Fatma AlHuraish Mohamed Helmy Zidan Mohamed Mostafa Metwally Kurtulu & #351; Aksu Erdin & #231; Yavuz Ismail Sikander Kalla Jeremiah Chakaya Snouber Abdelmadjid Source Type: research

A COVID-19 family cluster with retinitis pigmentosa and hypogammaglobulinemia
We report the favorable outcome of two family members diagnosed with DNAJC17-related retinitis pigmentosa and hypogammaglobulinemia syndrome and infected with SARS-CoV-2 following contact with their mother who had COVID-19. We describe the different immune dysfunction in these patients and their impact on the course and management of SARS-CoV-2 infection. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abeer N Alshukairi Yasser A Aldabbagh Najla M Sayes Manal M Al Gethamy Mohammed G Alghamdi Zuhair A Rahbeeni Ashraf Dada Source Type: research

Characteristics and outcome of tertiary care critically ill COVID-19 patients with multiple comorbidities admitted to the intensive care unit
CONCLUSION: Tertiary care patients with multiple comorbidities have higher mortality than what is reported for mixed populations. Further studies are needed to determine realistic mortality benchmarks for these patients. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Imran Khalid Abeer N Alshukairi Tabindeh Jabeen Khalid Maryam Imran Manahil Imran Muhammad Ali Akhtar Ghassan Y Wali Source Type: research

Surgical and mediastinal emphysema in critically ill COVID-19 patients: A multicentric experience
CONCLUSION: Surgical and mediastinal emphysema in the critically ill patients are usually attributed to barotrauma and high ventilations settings. During COVID-19 pandemic, these entities were seen and the pathogenesis was revisited and some attributed its presence to the disease process and destruction on lung parenchyma. The associated with extended LOS and delayed recovery in addition to poor prognosis were seen. Their presence is an indicator to higher morbidity and mortality. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yasser Aljehani Auday A Alkhunaizi Sharifah A Othman Hassan Abdullah Alqumber Yousif Almubarak Tariq Al-Musawi Mohammed Ibrahim Al Bazroun Khatoon Alshaikhmohamed Source Type: research

Surgical treatment outcomes of pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors
CONCLUSION: PIMTs are extremely rare. Complete surgery should be considered an effective factor in survival and DFS. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: & #214;mer Faruk Demir Omer Onal Source Type: research

Humidification during mechanical ventilation to prevent endotracheal tube occlusion in critically ill patients: A case control study
CONCLUSIONS: The rate of ETT occlusion decreased after changing humidification practices from universal HME use to evidence-based active and passive humidification. ETT occlusion was associated with more tracheostomy and a longer duration of MV and ICU stay. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hasan M Al Dorzi Alaaeldien G Ghanem Mohamed Moneer Hegazy Amal AlMatrood John Alchin Mohammed Mutairi Ahmad Aqeil Yaseen M Arabi Source Type: research

Long-term COVID-19 effects on pulmonary function, exercise capacity, and health status
CONCLUSION: In discharged survivors with COVID-19, 23.5% had significant impairment of diffusion capacity abnormality of lung function. The exercise capacity and health status were considerably lower than that of a normal population after 6 months postinfection. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Doaa M Magdy Ahmed Metwally Doaa Abdel Tawab Shimaa Abaas Hassan Marwa Makboul Shimaa Farghaly Source Type: research