Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia: Unusual presentation
Nuha Nasser Alrajhi, Muthurajan P Paramasivam, Ahmad Amer Alboukai, Ammar C Alrikabi, Esam Hamad AlhamadAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2019 14(2):161-163Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNEC) is an abnormal proliferation of pulmonary neuroendocrine cells that occur without underlying etiology. Here, we report a unique case of 55-year-old female with unusual presentation of DIPNECH and thymoma and on the background history of Crohn's disease that might point toward an autoimmune phenomenon. To the best of our knowledge, there were no previous reports of DIPNECH with either thymoma or Crohn...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nuha Nasser Alrajhi Muthurajan P Paramasivam Ahmad Amer Alboukai Ammar C Alrikabi Esam Hamad Alhamad Source Type: research

Fatal and near-fatal thunderstorm asthma epidemic in a desert country
CONCLUSION: The study is the first to report on a thunderstorm-associated asthma epidemic in Kuwait and emphasizes the potential dangers associated with this entity. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fatima Ali Naser Behbehani Noura Alomair Assad Taher Source Type: research

Asthma control and predictive factors among adults in Saudi Arabia: Results from the Epidemiological Study on the Management of Asthma in Asthmatic Middle East Adult Population study
CONCLUSIONS: Asthma control remains suboptimal among Saudi population. This needs huge efforts to achieve acceptable levels of control and better QoL for asthma patients. Further studies are still needed in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East region. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hamdan AL-Jahdali Siraj Wali Gamal Salem Fahad Al-Hameed Abdullah Almotair Mohammed Zeitouni Hassan Aref Rufai Nadama Mohammed M Algethami Ahmed Al Ghamdy Tarek Dihan Source Type: research

Association of preoperative systemic corticosteroid therapy with surgical outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that preoperative administration of systemic corticosteroids in stable COPD patients is associated with an increased risk of postoperative wound complications but may not reduce PPCs. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Samer Abou Arbid Habib El-Khoury Faek Jamali Hani Tamim Hassan Chami Source Type: research

Medical thoracoscopy for tuberculous pleurisy: A retrospective analysis of 575 cases
CONCLUSION: Medical thoracoscopy is effective for diagnosing tuberculous pleurisy. Younger patients with tuberculous pleurisy have a higher number of positive TB tests in the pleural cavity, are more likely to have granuloma in pleural biopsy specimens, and have higher ADA levels in the pleural fluid. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tingting Zhao Yurong Xu Qian Song Xinjie Wang Minghua Jin Dianjie Lin Source Type: research

Prospective study of dual use of e-cigarettes and other tobacco products among school-going youth in rural Appalachian Tennessee
CONCLUSION: The increasing trend in dual use of e-cigarettes and other tobacco products among youth in Appalachia Tennessee suggests a critical need for comprehensive tobacco control programs to avert exacerbating disparities in tobacco use and tobacco-related diseases in the US. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hadii M Mamudu Liang Wang Daniel Owusu Crystal Robertson Candice Collins Mary A Littleton Source Type: research

2018 Year in Review in Critical Care
Yaseen M Arabi, Alaa Gouda, Youssuf A AliAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2019 14(2):122-126 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yaseen M Arabi Alaa Gouda Youssuf A Ali Source Type: research

Asthma and obesity in the Middle East region: An overview
Samer Hammoudeh, Wessam Gadelhak, Ibrahim A JanahiAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2019 14(2):116-121This paper aims to cover the current status of asthma and obesity in the Middle East, as well as to introduce the various studies tying the two diseases; further expanding on the proposed mechanisms. Finally, the paper covers recent literature related to sphingolipids and its role in asthma, followed by recommendations and future directions. In preparation of this paper, we searched PubMed and Google Scholar, with no restrictions, using the following terms; asthma, obesity, Middle East, sphingolipids. We also used the reference ...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Samer Hammoudeh Wessam Gadelhak Ibrahim A Janahi Source Type: research

Sarcoidosis in the Middle East
B Jayakrishnan, Nasser Al-Busaidi, Saif Al-Mubaihsi, Omar A Al-RawasAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2019 14(2):106-115Sarcoidosis, a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown cause, has been described worldwide and in all populations with notable differences in clinical characteristics, organ involvement, disease severity, and prognosis among different ethnic and racial groups. While the exact prevalence of sarcoidosis in the Middle East is unknown, studies from various countries in the region have reported the clinical characteristics of affected patients, along with a few anecdotal reports. A search of the MEDLINE and Google...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: B Jayakrishnan Nasser Al-Busaidi Saif Al-Mubaihsi Omar A Al-Rawas Source Type: research

National Approach to Standardize and Improve Mechanical Ventilation
Yaseen M Arabi, Zohair Al Aseri, Tareef Alaama, Abdulrahman Alqahtani, Abdulrhman Alharthy, Abdullah Almotairi, Eman Al Qasim, Abdullah A Alzahrani, Mohammed Al Qarni, Sheryl Ann I Abdukahil, Fahad M Al-Hameed, Yasser Mandourah, Khalid Maghrabi, Adnan Ghamdi, Ghaleb Almekhalfi, Ahmed Mady, Ahmed S Qureshi, Ismael Qushmaq, Mohammed S Alshahrani, Mufareh Alkatheri, Abdulmohsen Saawi, Raed H Al-Hazme, Sean M Berenholtz, Asad Latif, Mohamed S Al-Moamary, Saad MohrijAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2019 14(2):101-105NASAM (National Approach to Standardize and Improve Mechanical Ventilation) is a national collaborative quality improv...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yaseen M Arabi Zohair Al Aseri Tareef Alaama Abdulrahman Alqahtani Abdulrhman Alharthy Abdullah Almotairi Eman Al Qasim Abdullah A Alzahrani Mohammed Al Qarni Sheryl Ann I Abdukahil Fahad M Al-Hameed Yasser Mandourah Khalid Maghrabi Adnan Ghamdi Ghaleb Al Source Type: research

Pulmonary schistosomiasis in a young male: A case report and review of the literature
Mahmood Dhahir Al-MendalawiAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2019 14(1):99-100 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi Source Type: research

Bone marrow micrometastasis in nonsmall cell lung cancer: A new prognostic marker ?
Nikolaos Barbetakis, Dimitrios Paliouras, Nikolaos DiamantopoulosAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2019 14(1):99-99 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nikolaos Barbetakis Dimitrios Paliouras Nikolaos Diamantopoulos Source Type: research

Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis: The first case to be managed with a successful lung transplant at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh
We report a case of idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis from the Middle East, managed successfully by bilateral lung transplant performed on a 26 year old Saudi male. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nour Abdullah Aljefri Fayha Farraj Abothenain Ahmed Mohamed Hussein Waleed Saleh Khaled Alkattan Shamayel Faheem Mohammed Mohammed Alhajji Source Type: research

Investigation of false-positive Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture tests using whole genome sequencing
Jinsoo Min, Kyungjong Kim, Hongjo Choi, Eun Seok Kang, Yoon Mi Shin, Jin Young An, Kang Hyeon Choe, Ki Man LeeAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2019 14(1):90-93Although accurate identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the gold standard for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis, there have been several reports of false-positive results. After identifying a sudden increase in extensively drug-resistant TB, false-positive mycobacterial culture tests were suspected, and we contacted the supranational reference center for molecular typing. In silico genotyping tests showed that isolates from all five patients had an identical genotype ...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jinsoo Min Kyungjong Kim Hongjo Choi Eun Seok Kang Yoon Mi Shin Jin Young An Kang Hyeon Choe Ki Man Lee Source Type: research

Pulmonary arterial hypertension in Saudi patients with systemic sclerosis: Clinical and hemodynamic characteristics and mortality
CONCLUSION: Our cohort of Saudi SSc-PAH patients has a younger disease onset and a lower mortality than what is described worldwide despite late presentation and requirement of combination therapy. The presence of RP and lower were associated with the development of SSc-PAH. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hadil AK Al Otair Majdy M Idrees Sarfraz A Saleemi Ahmed M Eltoukhy Ali A Alhijji Waleed A Al Habeeb Mohammed A Omair Source Type: research

Immunization status in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A multicenter study from Turkey
CONCLUSIONS: The rates of influenza and pneumococcal vaccination in COPD patients were quite low, and the number of annual physician/outpatient visits and hospitalizations due to COPD exacerbation was high in Turkey. Advanced age, higher education levels, comorbidities, and higher COPD stages were associated with both influenza and pneumococcal vaccination. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tevfik Ozlu Yilmaz Bulbul Derya Aydin Dursun Tatar Tulin Kuyucu Fatma Erboy Handan Inonu Koseoglu Ceyda Anar Aysel Sunnetcioglu Pinar Yildiz Gulhan Unal Sahin Aydanur Ekici Serap Duru Sevinc Sarinc Ulasli Ercan Kurtipek Sibel Gunay RIMPACT Study Investiga Source Type: research

The effect of air conditioner sound on sleep latency, duration, and efficiency in young adults
CONCLUSION: AC sound had no significant positive effect on sleep duration, latency, and efficiency. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Malak N Alkahtani Nourah A Alshathri Najla A Aldraiweesh Lina M Aljurf Luluh Aldaej Awad H Olaish Samar Z Nashwan Aljohara S Almeneessier Ahmed S BaHammam Source Type: research

Betatrophin association with serum triglyceride levels in obstructive sleep apnea patients
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest a complex relationship between OSA, betatrophin, TG, and HDL, as well as other adipokines. Our results require further investigation to assess this complex association and re-evaluate previous related studies. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Bunyamin Sertogullarindan Ahmet Ufuk Komuroglu Rifki Ucler Hulya Gunbatar Aysel Sunnetcioglu Erdem Cokluk Source Type: research

Electronic cigarette among health science students in Saudi Arabia
CONCLUSION: The E-cigarettes vaping is more prevalent than conventional cigarette smoking among health sciences students in Jeddah-KSA. E-cigarettes are used as a tool to help smoking cessation in less than half of the user. E-cigarettes help some smokers to quit smoking. However, it seems as addictive to the users as conventional cigarette smoking. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sultan Qanash Shereen Alemam Estabraq Mahdi Jood Softah Abdelfattah Ahmed Touman Adil Alsulami Source Type: research

The effect of nonbenzodiazepines sedative hypnotics on apnea & #8211;hypopnea index: A meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients using NBSH did not develop any worsening of existing AHI, when using NBSH, regardless of their baseline AHI values (mild, moderate, severe, or no OSA). On average, the AHI improved minimally with NBSH and eszopiclone showed the largest difference in AHI with an MD of −5.73 events/h. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Gaurav Nigam Macario Camacho Muhammad Riaz Source Type: research

The Saudi Initiative for Asthma - 2019 Update: Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma in adults and children
Mohamed S Al-Moamary, Sami A Alhaider, Abdullah A Alangari, Mohammed O Al Ghobain, Mohammed O Zeitouni, Majdy M Idrees, Abdullah F Alanazi, Adel S Al-Harbi, Abdullah A Yousef, Hassan S Alorainy, Mohamed S Al-HajjajAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2019 14(1):3-48This is the fourth version of the updated guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma, developed by the Saudi Initiative for Asthma (SINA) group, a subsidiary of the Saudi Thoracic Society. The main objective of the SINA is to have guidelines that are up to date, simple to understand, and easy to use by healthcare workers dealing with asthma patients. To facili...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mohamed S Al-Moamary Sami A Alhaider Abdullah A Alangari Mohammed O Al Ghobain Mohammed O Zeitouni Majdy M Idrees Abdullah F Alanazi Adel S Al-Harbi Abdullah A Yousef Hassan S Alorainy Mohamed S Al-Hajjaj Source Type: research

Welcome new guidelines: Now the hard work starts!
Andrew BushAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2019 14(1):1-2 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - January 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Andrew Bush Source Type: research

Author & #39;s reply
Thuraya S AlSumaiAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(4):258-258 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Thuraya S AlSumai Source Type: research

Pattern of bone metastasis in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer
Kunihiko Miyazaki, Toshihiro Shiozawa, Hideyasu Yamada, Tomohiro Tamura, Hiroaki SatohAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(4):257-257 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kunihiko Miyazaki Toshihiro Shiozawa Hideyasu Yamada Tomohiro Tamura Hiroaki Satoh Source Type: research

Near-fatal presentation of bilateral pneumothorax in cutis laxa patient: Case report, and review of the literature
Waseem M Hajjar, Areej S Alrajeh, Lulwah S Alturki, Sami A Al-Nassar, Adnan W HajjarAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(4):254-256Cutis laxa (CL) is a rare connective tissue disease characterized by a loose, wrinkled, and inelastic skin. Here, we report an unusual presentation in a 15-year-old male patient who is a known patient of CL who presented with bilateral pneumothorax. He was successfully managed initially by chest tube insertion and then he was treated surgically with bilateral staged thoracoscopy, apical bullectomy, and pleurodesis with full uneventful recovery. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Waseem M Hajjar Areej S Alrajeh Lulwah S Alturki Sami A Al-Nassar Adnan W Hajjar Source Type: research

Pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung mimicking synchronous pulmonary adenocarcinoma and small bowel sarcoma
We report a case of pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma of which only the sarcomatoid component metastasized to the small bowel and adenocarcinoma was identified on percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB). We suggest that if an NSCLC is diagnosed by PTNB and a sarcoma is found at another site, or vice versa, pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma with a single metastasis should be considered as a differential diagnosis to establish the best effective treatment plan. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Min Joo Kim Han Na Lee Jung Im Kim Gou Young Kim Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of thermal ablation of lung malignancies: A Network meta-analysis
CONCLUSION: RFA and MWA offer an advantage over cryoablation for patients with malignant lung tumors. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Binghu Jiang Morgan A Mcclure Tianming Chen Shilin Chen Source Type: research

Noninvasive ventilation utilization in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Results of a national survey
CONCLUSION: The efficiency of NIV in the KSA was low. The RTs expressed moderate confidence in administering NIV. Lack of appropriate exposure and formal training could have negative impacts on NIV practice. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mohammed Dhafer AlAhmari Hajed Al-Otaibi Hatem Qutub Ibrahim AlBalawi Abdullah Alqahtani Bandar Almasoudi Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of human rhinovirus positivity in hospitalized children
CONCLUSIONS: HRV-positive hospitalized pediatric patients with a heterogeneous set of clinical diagnoses had higher association with asthma compared to patients who had another, or no, respiratory virus isolated. HRV-positive patients had shorter LOS compared to patients who had no respiratory viruses isolated. These findings suggest that HRV positivity in hospitalized pediatric patients may not lead to adverse clinical outcomes, although asthma is a risk factor regardless of clinical comorbidities and diagnoses. Further research is warranted to understand the predisposition of asthma to HRV positivity. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Pui-Ying Iroh Tam Lei Zhang Zohara Cohen Source Type: research

Porous alumina ceramic sternum: A reliable option for sternal replacement
CONCLUSIONS: This new technique is promising even if there are only six patients in this study. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fran & #231;ois Bertin Alessandro Piccardo Eric Denes Gonzagues Delepine Jeremy Tricard Source Type: research

Poor sleep in concurrent users of alcohol, khat, and tobacco smoking in community-dwelling Ethiopian adults
CONCLUSION: Concurrent use of alcohol, khat as well as alcohol, khat, and tobacco smoking was associated with poor sleep. Sleep disturbances in this group need management to avoid the prospective development of psychosocial disturbances in polysubstance users. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Md Dilshad Manzar Mohammed Salahuddin Majed Alamri Tarekegn Tesfaye Maru Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal Ahmed S Bahammam Source Type: research

Assessment of proximal and peripheral airway dysfunction by computed tomography and respiratory impedance in asthma and COPD patients with fixed airflow obstruction
CONCLUSIONS: Asthma patients with FAO had a smaller LA and higher resistance of the proximal airways than COPD patients. FEV1 and respiratory impedance correlated with airway morphology. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Prapaporn Pornsuriyasak Thitiporn Suwatanapongched Wasana Thaipisuttikul Chayanin Nitiwarangkul Theerasuk Kawamatawong Naparat Amornputtisathaporn Kittipong Maneechotesuwan Source Type: research

Bronchial thermoplasty-an update
Faria Nasim, Vivek N IyerAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(4):205-211Bronchial Thermoplasty is a procedure that involves the delivery of radiofrequency energy during bronchoscopy to airways in order to selectively ablate airway smooth muscles. Bronchial Thermoplasty was approved by the FDA in 2010 and remains the only device based non-pharmacological treatment approach for severe asthma. We appraise the trials leading to the approval of Bronchial Thermoplasty in light of the FDA approval process. Current international guidelines regarding use of Bronchial Thermoplasty and emering pharmacological options for severe asthma...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Faria Nasim Vivek N Iyer Source Type: research

Saudi lung cancer prevention and screening guidelines
CONCLUSIONS: Physicians can play an important role in preventing lung cancer by tobacco control and also detect lung cancer at earlier presentation. However, national mass screening programs require further study. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abdul Rahman Jazieh Majed AlGhamdi Sarah AlGhanem Mohammed AlGarni Khaled AlKattan Mashael AlRujaib Manal AlNaimi Ola Mahmoud Babelli Suleiman AlShehri Rana AlQahtani Mohammed Zeitouni Source Type: research

Saudi lung cancer prevention and screening guidelines
John HowingtonAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(4):197-197 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: John Howington Source Type: research

Do not intubate order, is the misunderstanding finally over ?
Cristoforo Incorvaia, Paolo Scarpazza, Gian Galeazzo Riario-SforzaAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(3):195-195 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Cristoforo Incorvaia Paolo Scarpazza Gian Galeazzo Riario-Sforza Source Type: research

Identification and management of cough-induced laryngotracheitis
In this report, we describe a case of CILT that responded well to dual therapy. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Limael E Rodriguez Joel E Rodriguez Dev R Boodoosingh Victor M Salcedo Source Type: research

Pulmonary schistosomiasis in a young male: A case report and review of the literature
We report a rare case of 23-year-old Yamani patient admitted as an emergency with a 1-week history of productive cough, hemoptysis, and chest pain. Chest X-ray and computed tomography scan showed right upper lobe peripheral abscess cavity. All routine blood investigations and interventions such as bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage failed to confirm the diagnosis. However, he underwent right thoracoscopy and excision of this abscess, which unexpectedly showed in the histopathology of the resected specimen Schistosoma parasite infection. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Waseem M Hajjar Abdulmalik M Alsheikh Alanoud Y Alhumaid Noura A Alkreedees Nouf B Abdulwahed Adnan W Hajjar Source Type: research

Can positron emission tomography/computed tomography be predictive of diagnostic success in endobronchial biopsies performed through a fiber-optic bronchoscopy in lung cancer ?
CONCLUSION: We concluded that the high SUVmax value of the mass lesion on PET-CT did not increase the diagnostic value of the biopsy procedure in patients prediagnosed with lung cancer and that the diagnostic success of FOB biopsy was poor in cases where PET-CT showed heterogeneous involvement of the mass lesion. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Coskun Dogan Ali Fidan Elif Torun Parmaks & #305;z Sevda & #350;ener C & #246;mert Banu Salep & #231;i Benan & #199;a & #287;layan Source Type: research

Risk factors of primary and secondary restless legs syndrome among a middle-aged population in Saudi Arabia: A community-based study
CONCLUSIONS: Primary RLS is more common but less severe than secondary RLS. Male gender and ethnicity play significant roles in primary RLS, whereas female gender and iron deficiency may be the main risk factors associated with secondary RLS. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Samah Alsafadi Bahaa Abaalkhail Siraj Omar Wali Khaled Aljammali Bedor Alotaiby Ibrahim Zakaria Hanadi Sabbahi Source Type: research

The symptoms and risk of sleep apnea among adults in the United Arab Emirates
CONCLUSION: Prevalence and major risk factors within the UAE are similar to those in other countries. Sleeping disorders and snoring campaigns and management facilities should be considered to raise the awareness about these issues and manage their risk factors. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yazan Ghazi Al Shaikh Mohamad Mohamad Haytham Shieb Sema Koruturk Amal Alghefari Zainab Hassan Bashair Mohammed Mussa Source Type: research

Pulmonary siderosis cases diagnosed with minimally invasive surgical technique: A retrospective analysis of 7 cases
CONCLUSION: VATS is currently an established technique used for many diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, notably in chest surgery practice. We also advocate that VATS technique is an ideal method for making the pathological diagnosis of pneumoconioses when other methods fail to do so. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Erkan Akar Tekin Yildiz Safak Atahan Source Type: research

Inhaled corticosteroids may prevent lung cancer in asthma patients
CONCLUSIONS: For patients with asthma, regular ICS use might have a protective effect against LC. Further studies are required to assess this potential association from both immunohistopathological and clinical aspects. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: I-Jen Wang Wen-Miin Liang Trong-Neng Wu Wilfried J.J. Karmaus Jiin-Chyr Hsu Source Type: research

The pattern of bone involvement, management, and outcomes in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer: A retrospective study
CONCLUSION: Metastatic bone disease is considered a huge burden on patients, clinicians, and the society. The majority of bone metastasis patients will experience SREs. Most SREs predict poor prognosis. Supportive therapy to overcome the reasons for poor prognosis may improve patients' survival and quality of life. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abdulrahman M Jazieh Thuraya S AlSumai Yosra Z Ali Nagham R Sheblaq Mohammad Alkaiyat Source Type: research

Factors influencing management of chronic respiratory diseases in general and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in particular in Saudi Arabia: An overview
Mohammed E Alsubaiei, Paul A Cafarella, Peter A Frith, R Doug McEvoy, Tanja W EffingAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(3):144-149 The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Saudi Arabia is 4.2% among the general population and 14.2% among smokers. Studies showed that management of respiratory diseases is inadequate. In this article, we have elaborated on how factors as health economic factors, lack of health-care providers, culture, attitude, lifestyle (such as smoking and physical inactivity), and lack of adherence to the evidence-based practice guidelines may influence chronic respiratory diseas...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mohammed E Alsubaiei Paul A Cafarella Peter A Frith R Doug McEvoy Tanja W Effing Source Type: research

Bronchiolitis in children: The Saudi initiative of bronchiolitis diagnosis, management, and prevention (SIBRO)
Adel S Alharbi, Mansour Alqwaiee, Mohammed Y Al-Hindi, Rafat Mosalli, Abdullah Al-Shamrani, Saleh Alharbi, Abdullah Yousef, Amal Al Aidaroos, Turki Alahmadi, Aisha Alshammary, Abeer Miqdad, Yazan Said, Abdulrahman AlnemriAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(3):127-143 Bronchiolitis is the leading cause of admissions in children less than two years of age. It has been recognized as highly debated for many decades. Despite the abundance of literature and the well-recognized importance of palivizumab in the high risk groups, and despite the existence of numerous, high-quality, recent guidelines on bronchiolitis, the number of...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Adel S Alharbi Mansour Alqwaiee Mohammed Y Al-Hindi Rafat Mosalli Abdullah Al-Shamrani Saleh Alharbi Abdullah Yousef Amal Al Aidaroos Turki Alahmadi Aisha Alshammary Abeer Miqdad Yazan Said Abdulrahman Alnemri Source Type: research

Bronchiolitis in children: The Saudi initiative of bronchiolitis diagnosis, management, and prevention (SIBRO)
Paolo ManzoniAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(3):125-126 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - July 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Paolo Manzoni Source Type: research

Author Reply
Grigoris K Stratakos, Abdelfattah A ToumanAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(2):123-123 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - March 30, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Grigoris K Stratakos Abdelfattah A Touman Source Type: research

Safety and accuracy of transthoracic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy
Elisabettamaria Frongillo, Maria Giulia Tinti, Lucia Dimitri, Marco SperandeoAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(2):122-123 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - March 30, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Elisabettamaria Frongillo Maria Giulia Tinti Lucia Dimitri Marco Sperandeo Source Type: research

Resolution of refractory hepatic hydrothorax in patients with hepatitis C virus cirrhosis after treatment with direct-acting antiviral agents
Maged H Hussein, Musthafa Chalikandy Peedikayil, Zamir Ahmed Zamir, Abdulrahman AlfaddaAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(2):117-121 Hepatic hydrothorax (HH) is a transudative pleural effusion that complicates advanced liver cirrhosis. Cases refractory to medical treatment in the form of salt restriction and diuretics are labeled refractory hepatic hydrothorax (RHH) and may require transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPSS) or even liver transplantation. Renal impairment is common in advanced liver disease, worsens its prognosis, and makes the management of HH more challenging. Successful antiviral therapy re...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - March 30, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Maged H Hussein Musthafa Chalikandy Peedikayil Zamir Ahmed Zamir Abdulrahman Alfadda Source Type: research