Violence at work: determinants & amp; prevalence among health care workers, northwest Ethiopia: an institutional based cross sectional study
Conclusionworkplace violence is major public health problem across health facilities and the Ministry of Health should incorporate interventions in its different health sector development& management safety initiative. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - April 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Difference in health status of Korean farmers according to gender
ConclusionsFor all items that showed significant differences, females showed higher proportion than males, which indicates that female farmers tended to have poorer overall health than male farmers. Therefore, specialized programs will have to be developed to improve the health of female farmers. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - March 8, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Application of cold intolerance symptom severity questionnaire among vibration-exposed workers as a screening tool for the early detection of hand-arm vibration syndrome: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsThe self-reported CISS questionnaire, used to measure the degree of cold intolerance, showed high agreement with the Stockholm classification of HAVS. Hence, we recommend the use of this questionnaire to assess the level of cold intolerance among vibration-exposed workers and detect individuals who are at risk of vibration-induced impairment with a cutoff value of 30.Trial registrationIRB No.2018 –07–040-001. Registered on 4 September 2018. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - March 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Effects of work-related factors on self-reported smoking among female workers in call centers: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsSmoking was associated with working hours among female workers in call center. However, emotional labor and workplace violence did not show significant relationships with smoking. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - February 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The role of customer service manual on workplace emotional burden in nationwide cross sectional study
ConclusionsOur current study highlighted association between emotional burden and CSM in both men and women service workers. Furthermore, women were affected more severely by CSM. The results from current study suggest that CSM should be changed appropriately to benefit workers. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - February 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Relationship between personal care products usage and triclosan exposure: the second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (KoNEHS 2012 –2014)
ConclusionsOur findings demonstrate that as the frequency of use of personal care products increases, urine TCS concentration increases. Because TCS is a well-known endocrine disruptor, further studies are needed and explore other health effects with exposure to TCS in general population in Korea. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - January 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Second hand smoke exposure in workplace by job status and occupations
ConclusionTobacco smoke is a significant occupational hazard. Smoking ban policy in the workplace can be a very effective way to reduce the SHS exposure rate in the workplace and can be more effective if specifically designed by the job status and various occupations. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - January 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms, presumptive diagnosis, medical care use, and sick leave among female school meal service workers
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of subjective musculoskeletal symptoms, presumptive diagnosis, medical care use, and sick leave among female school meal workers.MethodsWe analyzed the results of musculoskeletal disease screening of 1581 female school meal workers. The screening consisted of self-administered questionnaire, history taking by occupational physicians, and physical examination. The prevalence of subjective musculoskeletal symptoms, presumptive diagnosis after initial examination by occupational physicians, use of medical care for more than 7  days, and sick leave due to musc...
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - January 15, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The association between shift work and chronic kidney disease in manual labor workers using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES 2011 –2014)
ConclusionsIn this study using nationally representative surveys, we found that the risk of CKD was higher female workers and shift work. Future prospective cohort studies will be needed to clarify the causal relationship between shift work and CKD. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 14, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Correction to: The effect of a blue enriched white light on salivary antioxidant capacity and melatonin among night shift workers: a field study
In the original publication of this article [1], the corresponding author ’s name ‘Mokarami Hamidreza’ should be changed to ‘Hamidreza Mokarami’. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The association between long working hours and work-related musculoskeletal symptoms of Korean wage workers: data from the fourth Korean working conditions survey (a cross-sectional study)
ConclusionsLong working hours were significantly related to work-related musculoskeletal symptoms in Korean wage workers and appropriate interventions should be implemented to reduce long working hours that can negatively affect workers ’ health. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Changes of hemodynamic and cerebral oxygenation after exercise in normobaric and hypobaric hypoxia: associations with acute mountain sickness
AbstractObjectiveNormobaric (NH) and hypobaric hypoxia (HH) are associated with acute mountain sickness (AMS) and cognitive dysfunction. Only few variables, like heart-rate-variability, are correlated with AMS. However, prediction of AMS remains difficult. We therefore designed an expedition-study with healthy volunteers in NH/HH to investigate additional non-invasive hemodynamic variables associated with AMS.MethodsEleven healthy subjects were examined in NH (FiO2 13.1%; equivalent of 3.883  m a.s.l; duration 4 h) and HH (3.883 m a.s.l.; duration 24 h) before and after an exercise of 120 min....
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 19, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Ovarian cancer in a former asbestos textile factory worker: a case report
ConclusionConsidering the patient ’s occupational and environmental history, it is estimated that she had been exposed to asbestos significantly, so we determined that ovarian cancer in the patient is highly correlated with the occupational exposure of asbestos and environmental exposure is a possible cause as well. Social devices are needed to prevent further exposure to asbestos. It is also necessary to recognize that ovarian cancer can occur in workers who have previously been exposed to asbestos, and the education and social compensation for those workers are needed. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 16, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Occupational cancer claims in Korea from 2010 to 2016
ConclusionsThe approval rate of occupational cancer has shown an increasing trend since 2011. The increase of occupational carcinogens and cancer sites and the improvement of social awareness about occupational cancer could have resulted in this trend. The present study provides unique, and the latest and most accurate findings on occupational cancer data of recent 7  years that could be helpful to researchers or policy makers on occupational cancer. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors related with quality on sleep of daytime workers
ConclusionsAge, obesity and musculoskeletal pain were factors affecting the poor quality on sleep of daytime workers. In addition, work type related to short sleep duration. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Relationship between job stress and functional dyspepsia in display manufacturing sector workers: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsThis study showed that job demand and occupational climates were associated with functional dyspepsia in female display manufacturing sector workers. Therefore, both clinical and mental health approaches should be used in the management of functional dyspepsia in women. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 19, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The effect of a blue enriched white light on salivary antioxidant capacity and melatonin among night shift workers: a field study
ConclusionGiven that there was no significant difference among various light conditions in terms of biomarkers, it is concluded that using sources of light with high color temperature can be recommended. Nonetheless, because of the limitations of the present study (e.g. short period of intervention), it is suggested that care should be exercised in using such light sources. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 19, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Association between air pollution in the 2015 winter in South Korea and population size, car emissions, industrial activity, and fossil-fuel power plants: an ecological study
ConclusionsGreater car numbers, industrial activity, and population density, and the presence of fossil-fuel plants associated with air pollution in the 2015 winter in South Korea. These data highlight the contaminant sources that could be targeted by interventions that aim to reduce air pollution, decrease the incidence of exposure, and limit the impact of pollution on human health. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Acute radiation syndrome in a non-destructive testing worker: a case report
ConclusionsExposure prevention is clearly possible in radiation-exposed workers. Strict legal amendments to safety procedures are essential to prevent repeated radiation exposure accidents. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Relationship between simultaneous exposure to ergonomic risk factors and work-related lower back pain: a cross-sectional study based on the fourth Korean working conditions survey
ConclusionsThere was a strong relationship between severe exposure to each ergonomic risk factor and work-related LBP. However, when exposed to 2 ergonomic risk factors simultaneously, the relationship between exposure and work-related LBP was not stronger than when exposed to only 1 risk factor in our study. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

An overview of compensated work-related injuries among Korean firefighters from 2010 to 2015
ConclusionIn this study, we could obtain the preliminary data necessary to establish preventive measures, including the cause of accident and region with high accident rates. However, the number of applications for compensated injuries was very small compared to the frequency of injuries found in previous studies. The lack of appropriate treatment suggested that many firefighter injuries can become chronic. In this study, we suggest that it is necessary to introduce an injury monitoring system and improve the accessibility of compensated injuries.Trial registrationCR318031. Registered 20 June 2018. (Source: Annals of Occup...
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Performance assessment on the Korean Computerized Neurobehavioral Test using a mobile device and a conventional computer: an experimental study
ConclusionsIt is not recommended to use a tablet PC to administer the KCNT to evaluate neurobehavioral performance for the Simple Reaction Time test and Choice Reaction Time test; however, tablet PCs with an on-screen keyboard may be used to perform the Digit Addition test, and the Symbol-Digit Substitution test and Finger Tapping Speed test to a limited degree. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - August 29, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Changes of depression and job stress in workers after merger without downsizing
ConclusionThis study showed that a merger without massive downsizing can cause negative health effects such as an changes in depression and increase in job stress. To improve the health of workers, both the immediate negative effects on health, and the long-term effects or their resolution over time should be considered prior to the merger. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - August 29, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The effect of increasing the illumination on operators ’ visual performance in the control-room of a combined cycle power plant
AbstractBackgroundLighting is one of the environmental factors affecting the performance of the control room operators. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the control room operators ’ visual performance in two different illumination conditions at a combined cycle power plant through field-work.MethodsSixteen operators in day shift were evaluated with the Freiburg Visual Acuity test (FrACT) software at two lighting systems with different intensities. It includes the first phase with fluorescent illumination system (Power: 40  W, Color Temperature: 4000 Kelvin, Luminous Flux: 2780 Lumen and Model: Par...
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - August 29, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Performance assessment on the Korean Computerized Neurobehavioral Test using a mobile device and a conventional computer: an experimental study
ConclusionsIt is not recommended to use a tablet PC to administer the KCNT to evaluate neurobehavioral performance for the Simple Reaction Time test and Choice Reaction Time test; however, tablet PCs with an on-screen keyboard may be used to perform the Digit Addition test, and the Symbol-Digit Substitution test and Finger Tapping Speed test to a limited degree. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - August 29, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Changes of depression and job stress in workers after merger without downsizing
ConclusionThis study showed that a merger without massive downsizing can cause negative health effects such as an changes in depression and increase in job stress. To improve the health of workers, both the immediate negative effects on health, and the long-term effects or their resolution over time should be considered prior to the merger. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - August 29, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and associated factors of intestinal parasitic infections among asymptomatic food handlers working at Haramaya University cafeterias, eastern Ethiopia
ConclusionsThe high prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in this study highlights the importance of food handlers as probable sources of parasitic infections. Public health measures and sanitation programs should be strengthened to control the spread of intestinal parasitic infections. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - August 22, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the 10-item Conner-Davidson resilience scale on toxic chemical-exposed workers in South Korea
ConclusionsThe 10-item K-CD-RISC has good psychometric properties and is applicable for victims exposed to noxious chemical such as HF. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - August 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Occupational stress among medical residents in educational hospitals
AbstractBackgroundOccupational stress and its related psychological strain is a concern among resident doctors that may affect patient care adversely. Residents face many stresses because of their high job demands in delivery of hospital care. They are often subject to work load and pressure due to direct involvement with patients, prolonged working hours, poor job opportunities and low support. Their multiple educational and clinical roles can also affect their performance and quality of personal or professional life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occupational stress among residents of various medical specialt...
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - August 8, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The roles of doctors, nurses, and industrial hygienists in the healthcare management services in Korea: a comparison of the opinions of specialized health management institutions and entrusted enterprises
ConclusionsIt is necessary to educate the EWs to recognize the need for physicians to perform tasks, such as wearing a PPE, and instruction to improve WE. As for nurses ’ tasks, such as education about the CS and the noise work, educating the nurses of the SI is regarded necessary as the demand of the EWs is considered. With respect to the unique tasks of IH, such as WE management and instructions for wearing PPE, among several other tasks of IH, training should be provided for improved IH recognition. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - August 7, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Satisfaction with life and the risk of occupational injury
AbstractBackgroundOccupational injuries increase burden on society as well as personal health. Low satisfaction with life may not only increases the risk of occupational injuries directly, but also influences other factors that increase the risk of occupational injury. Along with previous studies on the risk of occupational injury, we sought to explore the relationship between satisfaction with life and occupational injury.MethodsThe study participants were 6234workers health screened at a university hospital in Incheon. Information on occupational injury and satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) was obtained in a self-repor...
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - August 2, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Thyroid cancer among female workers in Korea, 2007 –2015
ConclusionsFemale workers had a higher risk of thyroid cancer than general female population but the difference between NO workers and O workers was not found to be significant in most industrial sectors. Further studies using data with information regarding specific occupational exposures are needed. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - July 16, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study on the pulmonary function of residents in two urban areas with different PM 10 concentrations: data from the fourth Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHANES) 2007 –2009
AbstractBackgroundThe present study aims to compare the pulmonary function of residents of Seoul special city (Seoul) and Jeju special self-governing province including Jeju city and Seogwipo city (Jeju), characterized by vastly different annual average airborne particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less ≤10 μm (PM10) concentrations, with the annual average PM10 concentration in Seoul being significantly higher than that in Jeju.MethodsThis cross-sectional study analyzed the pulmonary function test results and sociodemographic data of Korean adults ≥19 years of age derived from the 4th KNHANES,...
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - July 16, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Thyroid cancer among female workers in Korea, 2007 –2015
ConclusionsFemale workers had a higher risk of thyroid cancer than general female population but the difference between NO workers and O workers was not found to be significant in most industrial sectors. Further studies using data with information regarding specific occupational exposures are needed. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - July 16, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study on the pulmonary function of residents in two urban areas with different PM 10 concentrations: data from the fourth Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHANES) 2007 –2009
AbstractBackgroundThe present study aims to compare the pulmonary function of residents of Seoul special city (Seoul) and Jeju special self-governing province including Jeju city and Seogwipo city (Jeju), characterized by vastly different annual average airborne particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less ≤10 μm (PM10) concentrations, with the annual average PM10 concentration in Seoul being significantly higher than that in Jeju.MethodsThis cross-sectional study analyzed the pulmonary function test results and sociodemographic data of Korean adults ≥19 years of age derived from the 4th KNHANES,...
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - July 16, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Working hours and depressive symptoms: the role of job stress factors
ConclusionsWe showed the working hours could be an independent risk factor for depressive symptoms in employees. To improve workers ’ mental health, it is important to strengthen social support in the workplace, to provide adequate rewards as they work, and ultimately to regulate the appropriate amount of working hours. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - July 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The characteristics of asbestos-related disease claims made to the Korea Workers ’ Compensation and Welfare Service (KCOMWEL) from 2011 to 2015
ConclusionsConsidering the long latency period of asbestos and that the peak period of asbestos use in Korea was throughout the mid-1990s, damage due to asbestos-related diseases is expected to show a continued long-term increase. Few studies providing an epidemiologic analysis of asbestos-related diseases are available; therefore, this study may provide baseline data to assist in predicting and preparing for future harm due to asbestos exposure.Trial registrationDUIH2018 –02–004-001. Registered 28 Februrary 2018. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - July 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Association between cadmium and anti-Mullerian hormone in premenopausal women at particular ages
ConclusionsThe results of this study suggest that environmental exposure to cadmium may alter the AMH level of premenopausal women, depending on their age group. (Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - July 9, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research