Nonoperative management of complicated hiatal hernia after transhiatal esophagectomy- Case Report
ConclusionHiatal hernias after transhiatal esophagectomy are a rare entity. Complications of these hernias with mechanical small bowel obstructions are even less described in the current literature. It is important to recognize hiatal hernias as a potential cause of obstructive symptoms after esophagectomy. While surgical intervention may be inevitable in certain population of patients. Initial nonoperative management is a viable treatment option and should be utilized in high risk operative patients. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Burnout among house officers in myanmar: a cross-sectional study
This study aims to determine the prevalence of burnout and factors affecting burnout among the house officers in Myanmar.Materials and MethodsAn exploratory cross-sectional quantitative survey study was conducted using a self-administered, web-based survey. House officers working in any of the government hospitals in Myanmar were invited to participate in the study. The survey link was distributed online via Facebook. To measure burnout, we utilised a non-proprietary single-item measure, validated to serve as a reliable substitute for the Maslach Burnout Inventory Emotional Exhaustion (MBI:EE). To measure global life satis...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 20, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

A systematic recurrent theme analysis of the reported limitations of facial electromyography
ConclusionsThis is the first study to evaluate the limitations of facial EMG using a systematic analysis of author reports. Highlighting technology limitations in this non-biased manner raises awareness to users key issues and reliably informs the development of future systems. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 20, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: August 2018Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 32Author(s): (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 18, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Emotional intelligence of medical students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences cross sectional study
Publication date: August 2018Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 32Author(s): Ali Vasefi, Mohammadreza Dehghani, Mahmood MirzaaghapoorAbstractEmotional intelligence is the ability of an individual to assess and control emotions in oneself and others and also use this information in ongoing coping methods. Emotional intelligence is known to have an effect on the success rate of an individual as well as job performance and satisfaction. Though contradictory, emotional intelligence is supposed to have multiple factors affecting it. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Shiraz University of Medical Scienc...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

A SYSTEMATIC RECURRENT THEME ANALYSIS OF THE REPORTED LIMITATIONS OF FACIAL ELECTROMYOGRAPHY: Quantifying the limitations of facial electromyography
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Geoghegan L, Kwasnicki Rm, Kanabar S, Pethers D, Nduka C (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 12, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Emotional intelligence of medical students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2018Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Ali Vasefi, Mohammadreza Dehghani, Mahmood MirzaaghapoorAbstractEmotional intelligence is the ability of an individual to assess and control emotions in oneself and others and also use this information in ongoing coping methods. Emotional intelligence is known to have an effect on the success rate of an individual as well as job performance and satisfaction. Though contradictory, emotional intelligence is supposed to have multiple factors affecting it. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Shiraz University of Medical...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 11, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Oncological outcomes of abdominoperineal resection for the treatment of low rectal cancer: A retrospective review of a single UK tertiary centre experience
This study aims to assess the histological features and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing standard abdominoperineal resection and discusses the potential role of Extralevator abdominoperineal resection in this cohort.MethodA retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of rectal cancer patients at a single centre. Patients undergoing standard APR were included from 01/06/2007 to 31/05/2012 to allow a minimum 2-year follow-up. Data was collected on age, gender, co-morbidity, pre-operative stage, neo-adjuvant therapy, histology, recurrence and mortality.ResultsSeventy patients were identified (45 (64%)...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

High Compliance with Guideline Recommendations but Low Completion Rates of Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Resected Pancreatic Cancer: A Cohort Study
ConclusionOur results indicate a high acceptance of the S3-guidline recommendation for adCx in resected PDAC in a routine setting, which, however, is completed in only 50 % of all patients. Fully completed adCx had the most powerful effect on improving overall survival. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Unicameral bone cysts: Current concepts
Publication date: Available online 28 June 2018Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Shahryar Noordin, Salim Allana, Masood Umer, Mujahid Jamil, Kiran Hilal, Nasir Uddin (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2018Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 31Author(s): (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Association between Q192R polymorphism in the PON1 gene and statin responses in cardiac patients
ConclusionThis study shows that the Q192R polymorphism of PON1gene has important role in interindividual variety in accomplishment of HDL-C goals in response to statins. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Optimizing engagement of undergraduate students in medical education research: The eMERG training network
ConclusionseMERG is one of the first reported European educational research networks for undergraduates. Research outcomes and students' perceptions conclude that eMERG enhances engagement with research methodology and motivation towards a career in surgery. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Surgical site infection surveillance following total knee arthroplasty: Tertiary care hospital experience
ConclusionIdentifying SSIs is multidimensional. Since our 2 infected cases after TKR occurred after discharge, this highlights the importance of post-discharge surveillance and not limiting the surveillance for inpatients only. Furthermore, the SSI program may be effective in controlling postoperative wound infections. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical pathway after gastrectomy for gastric cancer: A case series of laparoscopic gastrectomy and early oral intake with "iEat™"
ConclusionClinical pathway of recovery program combined laparoscopic suregry and early oral intake with "iEat™" could be useful for gastric cancer. This study indicates that using non-liquid food like iEat™ can be feasiblel, and water or liquid food don't have to be used in early oral feeding after laparoscopic gastrectomy. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Case report of a conservative management of cervical esophageal perforation with acrylic glue injection
Conclusionswe consider that the application of acrylic glue can be considered a promising, minimally invasive therapeutic option in the management of cervical esophageal perforation. However, the sufficient accumulation of similarly treated cases is necessary in order to confirm the efficacy and safety of this treatment modality. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Cecal duplication: A mimicker of intussusception: A case report and review
ConclusionIncomplete reduction of intussusception, intussusception with atypical presentation or intussusception in atypical age group should alert to the possibility of cecal duplication. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Gallstone ileus of the sigmoid colon caused by cholecystocolonic fistula: A case report
ConclusionA cholecystocolonic fistula with a gallstone colonic ileus must be suspected in an elderly, and female, patient presenting with cholelithiasis and with intestinal obstruction. Treatment should not be delayed, and correction of the intestinal obstruction ought to be the basis of the treatment. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Multiple magnet ingestion causing instestinal obstruction and entero-enteric fistula: Which imaging modality besides radiographs? A case report
Conclusion: Awareness of the potentially devastating effects of multiple magnets passing the pylorus and the contribution of different imaging modalities for the diagnosis are emphasized and discussed. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Asymmetric bilateral traumatic hip dislocation: A case report
ConclusionThis is a rare case of bilateral asymmetric hip dislocations with no concomitant fractures. It is important to reduce hip dislocation within 6 hours from the time of injury to prevent osteonecrosis of the femoral head. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Early results of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy in comparison with the conventional: Does it have any impact on quality of life?
ConclusionsSILC is a safe and effective alternative to CLC. To detect the effects of SILC on HRQOL, we need long-term prospective comparative studies. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Over-diagnosis for preoperative T staging of colorectal cancer - A case series
ConclusionsClinical T stage is overestimated with a marked difference from pathological T stage in approximately 1% of CRC patients. Further progress in diagnostic modalities is required for more accurate staging. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Massive ameloblastoma: A case report of difficult fiberoptic intubation
ConclusionIdentification of ETT deviation even with insufficient blade insertion and hand-assisted alteration of the direction of the ETT might raise the chances of successful fiberoptic intubation. The anesthesiologist should be aware of the likelihood of failed fiberoptic intubation and plan for alternative approaches to secure the airway. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Vanek's tumor as an unusual cause of ileo-ileal intessuception – A unique case report
ConclusionVanek's tumor although a rare entity, should be considered in each case of acute abdomen and physicians and surgeons need to have a high degree of suspicion in such cases. Moreover, IFP can cause reactive thrombocytosis that gets resolved after a post-operative period of 6–8 weeks. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Foreign body (kidney beans) in urinary bladder: An unusual case report
ConclusionThere has been many cases reported in literature about insertion of foreign bodies in bladder but presence of kidney beans in bladder is first of its kind as far as our knowledge is concerned. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Oncological outcomes of abdominoperineal resection for the treatment of low rectal cancer: A retrospective review of a single UK tertiary centre experience
This study aims to assess the histological features and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing standard abdominoperineal resection and discusses the potential role of Extralevator abdominoperineal resection in this cohort.MethodA retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of rectal cancer patients at a single centre. Patients undergoing standard APR were included from 01/06/2007 to 31/05/2012 to allow a minimum 2-year follow-up. Data was collected on age, gender, co-morbidity, pre-operative stage, neo-adjuvant therapy, histology, recurrence and mortality.ResultsSeventy patients were identified (45 (64%)...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

High Compliance with Guideline Recommendations but Low Completion Rates of Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Resected Pancreatic Cancer: A Cohort Study
ConclusionOur results indicate a high acceptance of the S3-guidline recommendation for adCx in resected PDAC in a routine setting, which, however, is completed in only 50 % of all patients. Fully completed adCx had the most powerful effect on improving overall survival. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Unicameral bone cysts: Current concepts
Publication date: Available online 28 June 2018Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Shahryar Noordin, Salim Allana, Masood Umer, Mujahid Jamil, Kiran Hilal, Nasir Uddin (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2018Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 31Author(s): (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Association between Q192R polymorphism in the PON1 gene and statin responses in cardiac patients
ConclusionThis study shows that the Q192R polymorphism of PON1gene has important role in interindividual variety in accomplishment of HDL-C goals in response to statins. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Optimizing engagement of undergraduate students in medical education research: The eMERG training network
ConclusionseMERG is one of the first reported European educational research networks for undergraduates. Research outcomes and students' perceptions conclude that eMERG enhances engagement with research methodology and motivation towards a career in surgery. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Surgical site infection surveillance following total knee arthroplasty: Tertiary care hospital experience
ConclusionIdentifying SSIs is multidimensional. Since our 2 infected cases after TKR occurred after discharge, this highlights the importance of post-discharge surveillance and not limiting the surveillance for inpatients only. Furthermore, the SSI program may be effective in controlling postoperative wound infections. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical pathway after gastrectomy for gastric cancer: A case series of laparoscopic gastrectomy and early oral intake with "iEat™"
ConclusionClinical pathway of recovery program combined laparoscopic suregry and early oral intake with "iEat™" could be useful for gastric cancer. This study indicates that using non-liquid food like iEat™ can be feasiblel, and water or liquid food don't have to be used in early oral feeding after laparoscopic gastrectomy. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Case report of a conservative management of cervical esophageal perforation with acrylic glue injection
Conclusionswe consider that the application of acrylic glue can be considered a promising, minimally invasive therapeutic option in the management of cervical esophageal perforation. However, the sufficient accumulation of similarly treated cases is necessary in order to confirm the efficacy and safety of this treatment modality. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Cecal duplication: A mimicker of intussusception: A case report and review
ConclusionIncomplete reduction of intussusception, intussusception with atypical presentation or intussusception in atypical age group should alert to the possibility of cecal duplication. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Gallstone ileus of the sigmoid colon caused by cholecystocolonic fistula: A case report
ConclusionA cholecystocolonic fistula with a gallstone colonic ileus must be suspected in an elderly, and female, patient presenting with cholelithiasis and with intestinal obstruction. Treatment should not be delayed, and correction of the intestinal obstruction ought to be the basis of the treatment. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Multiple magnet ingestion causing instestinal obstruction and entero-enteric fistula: Which imaging modality besides radiographs? A case report
Conclusion: Awareness of the potentially devastating effects of multiple magnets passing the pylorus and the contribution of different imaging modalities for the diagnosis are emphasized and discussed. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Asymmetric bilateral traumatic hip dislocation: A case report
ConclusionThis is a rare case of bilateral asymmetric hip dislocations with no concomitant fractures. It is important to reduce hip dislocation within 6 hours from the time of injury to prevent osteonecrosis of the femoral head. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Early results of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy in comparison with the conventional: Does it have any impact on quality of life?
ConclusionsSILC is a safe and effective alternative to CLC. To detect the effects of SILC on HRQOL, we need long-term prospective comparative studies. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Over-diagnosis for preoperative T staging of colorectal cancer - A case series
ConclusionsClinical T stage is overestimated with a marked difference from pathological T stage in approximately 1% of CRC patients. Further progress in diagnostic modalities is required for more accurate staging. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Massive ameloblastoma: A case report of difficult fiberoptic intubation
ConclusionIdentification of ETT deviation even with insufficient blade insertion and hand-assisted alteration of the direction of the ETT might raise the chances of successful fiberoptic intubation. The anesthesiologist should be aware of the likelihood of failed fiberoptic intubation and plan for alternative approaches to secure the airway. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Vanek's tumor as an unusual cause of ileo-ileal intessuception – A unique case report
ConclusionVanek's tumor although a rare entity, should be considered in each case of acute abdomen and physicians and surgeons need to have a high degree of suspicion in such cases. Moreover, IFP can cause reactive thrombocytosis that gets resolved after a post-operative period of 6–8 weeks. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Foreign body (kidney beans) in urinary bladder: An unusual case report
ConclusionThere has been many cases reported in literature about insertion of foreign bodies in bladder but presence of kidney beans in bladder is first of its kind as far as our knowledge is concerned. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Peer review report 1 on "Clinical Use Of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells: European Legislative Issues."
Publication date: January–December 2018 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 25, Supplement 1 (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Retraction notice to "The use of super-selective mesenteric embolisation as a first-line management of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding" [Ann. Med. Surg. 17 (2017) 27-32]
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 26 Author(s): Bryan Soh, Steven Chan (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

A case report of acute pulmonary hypertension after hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) and review of the literature
Conclusion Rapid progressive respiratory insufficiency due to PH following HIPEC procedure might represent a rare complication, but must be considered because of the high clinical impact. Further studies are necessary to investigate the correlation between HIPEC and PH. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Injury patterns and outcomes in late middle age (55 –65): The intersecting comorbidity with high-risk activity – A retrospective cohort study
Conclusions The LMA population has similar mechanisms and injury patterns to younger patients, while exhibiting comorbidity rates similar to the elderly. High-energy injuries exact a greater toll in LMA with poorer outcomes and greater resource utilization. Targeted outreach for injury prevention, and future studies, are needed to address high-risk behavior, substance abuse, and societal contributors. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Pre-hospital National Early Warning Score (NEWS) is associated with in-hospital mortality and critical care unit admission: A cohort study
Conclusion Pre-hospital NEWS was associated with death or critical care unit escalation within 48 h of hospital admission. NEWS could be used by ambulance crews to assist in the early triage of patients requiring hospital treatment or rapid transport. Further cohort studies or trials in large samples are required before implementation. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

A systematic review of gallstone sigmoid ileus management
Conclusions There is no management consensus from the literature. Current evidence highlights endoscopy and lithotripsy as practical firstline strategies. However, surgical intervention should not be delayed if non-operative measures fail or in emergency. Given the complexity of such patients, less invasive timesaving surgery appears practical, avoiding bowel resection and associated complications. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Skeletal metastasis in renal cell carcinoma: A review
Conclusion Incidence of metastatic renal carcinoma is increasing. Overall prognosis of patient with advanced RCC is poor, emphasizing the importance of early detection and prompt treatment of primary lesion in its early stage. Advancement in targeted therapy in recent decades had made some improvement in treatment of SREs and has helped in improving patent's quality of life but still we are in need of further improvement in treatment modalities to cure disease thereby decreasing morbidity and mortality. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research