The value of intraoperative parathyroid hormone assay in the surgery of mediastinal ectopic parathyroid adenoma (Case series)
ConclusionThe preoperative topographic diagnosis of ectopic parathyroid adenoma is challenging for the surgeon despite progress in the morphological assessment. The intraoperative parathyroid hormone assay is a valuable tool for an appropriate surgical management. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 28, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Traumatic esophageal perforation in Puerto Rico Trauma Hospital: a case-series
ConclusionEsophageal perforation is a life-threatening condition and should be treated urgently. An early diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment completed in the first 24-hours is fundamental for a good outcome. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 28, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

‘Primary small cell carcinoma of Tonsil: An extreme rarity.’
ConclusionSmall Cell Carcinoma of the tonsil is an extremely rare entity with an aggressive disease course and poor prognosis. Therefore, it is important for the clinicians to be aware of the uncommon occurrence of this disease and its management. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 22, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Safe Surgery in the Elderly: A Review of Outcomes following Robotic Proctectomy from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample in a Cross-Sectional study
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Carly R. Richards, Scott. R. Steele, Michael B. Lustik, Suzanne M. Gillern, Robert B. Lim, Justin T. Brady, Ali R. Althans, Andrew T. SchlusselAbstractBackgroundAs our nation's population ages, operating on older and sicker patients occurs more frequently. Robotic operations have been thought to bridge the gap between a laparoscopic and an open approach, especially in more complex cases like proctectomy.MethodsOur objective was to evaluate the use and outcomes of robotic proctectomy compared to open and laparoscopic approaches f...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 22, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 43Author(s): (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 22, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

How thoracic surgeon manage tracheal tumors in African country? (Case series)
ConclusionPrimary tumors of the trachea remain of reserved prognosis with 5-year survival of 57% of all histological types combined. Computed tomodensitometry and tracheobronchial fibroscopy remain the means of reference exploration in the diagnosis and assessment of surgical resectability. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 20, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Volvulus of sigmoid colon in a challenged adolescent: An unusual case report
We report a challenged (mentally disabled) 14-year old adolescent boy presented asan emergency with feature of complete bowel obstruction. Abdominal X-rays shows dilated loop of large bowel with inverted U shaped. Volvulus of sigmoid colon was found during laparotomy and successfully managed with resection of a redundant colon with colocolic end to end anastomosis. Sigmoid volvulus is relatively uncommon in children as compared to adults. Surgeons should be attentive of this rare entity, cause of large bowel obstruction to allow for early diagnosis and to enable better patient outcomes by reducing the morbidity and mortali...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 19, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

How Thoracic Surgeon Manage Tracheal Tumours in African Country? (Case series)
ConclusionPrimary tumors of the trachea remain of reserved prognosis with 5-year survival of 57% of all histological types combined. Computed tomodensitometry and tracheobronchial fibroscopy remain the means of reference exploration in the diagnosis and assessment of surgical resectability. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 19, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Patient reported outcome following incisional hernia repair: A survey on 163 patients at two maximum care hospitals
ConclusionsDue to our findings we assume that the AB may induce immobility and reduce postoperative pain. A prolonged period of physical rest and wearing an AB does not seem to have an impact on the postoperative outcome following IHR. Therefore, a shortened duration of physical rest and wearing an AB following IHR should be taken under consideration. To reveal more evidence on this topic further clinical trials are essential. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 16, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Laparoscopy-assisted transgastric endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for choledocholithiasis after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: A Case Report
ConclusionTransgastric laparoscopy-assisted ERCP is a feasible procedure with low complication rates and is used in treating patients with altered RYGB anatomy who present with biliary tract disorders. The use of transgastric laparoscopy-assisted ERCP allows endoscopic treatment and cholecystectomy to be performed in a single setting. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 16, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Validity of ultrasound in predicting acute appendicitis among children, keeping histopathology as gold standard: Methodological issues
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Roya Karimi, Leila Mounesan, Jamal Rahmani, Siamak Sabour (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 14, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Out-of-pocket payments and catastrophic household expenditure to access essential surgery in Malawi - a cross-sectional patient survey
CONCLUSIONOut-of-pocket household expenditure associated with essential surgery in Malawi is high and in many instances catastrophic, putting households, especially those who are already poor, at risk of further impoverishment. The much needed scaling-up of surgical services in rural areas of Malawi needs to be accompanied by financial risk protection measures. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 11, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Ileocolic anastomose. A rare complication of Valdoni technique
ConclusionValdoni technique surgical procedure, which allows the surgeon to keep the operating field clean. It is a valid alternative when the surgeons have to make a colonic anastomosis. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 11, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Gallbladder Cancer: 7-Year Experience from Qatar
ConclusionsIn Qatar, due to the unique demographics, GC is more common in males and younger age groups. Most of the patients present late with metastasis, but curative resection is associated with long-term survival. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 9, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Can simple perioperative measures improve quality of recovery following ambulatory laparoscopic surgery in females? An open prospective randomised cohort study, comparing nutritional preoperative drink and chewing gum during recovery to standard care
ConclusionSimply providing 200 ml nutritional preoperative drink and chewing gum during recovery was found effective, improving patients assessed quality of recovery. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Medial Clavicle Pseudarthrosis Successfully Treated with an Inverted Distal Clavicle Locking Plate
ConclusionThis method is a good treatment option. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 7, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Buccal oncocytoma: Report of a case and literature review
ConclusionsThough very rare in the picture, conditions like salivary gland oncocytomas still are reported on and off in the literature.The treatment of which is complete surgical excision. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 6, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Spontaneous intra-parotid pseudoaneurysm of the external carotid artery: A rare case report due to an unfrequent disease
We report a new etiology of this rare entity that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of an atypical parotid mass. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 6, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Does surgical approach affect outcome after fixation of intra-articular fractures of distal humerus? Retrospective cohort study from a level-1 trauma centre in a metropolitan city
ConclusionTriceps lifting approach can be used equally efficiently for exposure of these complex distal humerus injuries with no comprise in visibility of articular fragments. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 4, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Malignant neoplasms of Meckel's Diverticulum; an evidence based review
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): S.A. Kabir, S.I. KabirAbstractAn up to date published literature has shown that Meckel’s Diverticulum (MD) are discovered incidentally and are benign, malignant transformation is unusual with reported incidence to be only 0.5% to 3.2%.The research available on this rare tumour remains scanty, mainly consisting of case reports and case series with many researchers reporting on their own clinical experience and often disagree on not only its epidemiology, but also more so on its surgical indications. In addition to the above ...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 4, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Rare Giant Maxillay mucocele: A rare case report and literature review
ConclusionMaxillary mucoceles are slow growing benign lesions. However, they are locally aggressive and cause bony destruction resulting into orbital and dental symptoms. Thus early recognistion with regular folllowr up and planning for surgical intervention can help avoid complications. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 3, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Incidental Neuro-endocrine Tumor of The Appendix: Case Report and Literature Review
ConclusionWe present the case of a 30-year old male that presented with an appendiceal, well-differentiated NET that manifested as appendicitis and laparoscopic appendectomy was performed. The appendix was resected with clear margins. Given appropriate markers appendectomy can be curative. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 1, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Case series of in situ pelvic floor reconstruction combining levator ani suture and negative pressure wound therapy for abdominoperineal resection
ConclusionWe experienced the in situ pelvic floor reconstruction combining levator ani suture and NPWT after laparoscopic APR for perineal hernia and perineal surgical site infection. This combination treatment was safe and may be effective for preventing surgical site infection and perineal hernia. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - June 1, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

What is the allowed volume threshold for chest tube removal after lobectomy: a randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Nozomu Motono, Shun Iwai, Aika Funasaki, Atsushi Sekimura, Katsuo Usuda, Hidetaka UramotoAbstractIntroductionThe management of chest tubes and the volume threshold for chest tube removal after pulmonary resection remain controversial. Several studies have reported the volume threshold for chest tube removal following pulmonary resection to range from 200 to 450 mL/24 h.MethodsA prospective randomized single-blind clinical study was performed with data collected from patients who had undergone lobectomy and lymph node dissection a...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 31, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Impact of the halitosis on QoL in overweight and obese patients: Based on Six Years of Experience in Two Centers in Sulaimani Governorate, Kurdistan Region/Iraq, and case series study
ConclusionsThe quality of life of overweight and obese, especially emotional and social aspects was significantly disturbed by halitosis more than normal weight subjects with halitosis. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 31, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Surgical (Open and laparoscopic) management of large difficult CBD stones after different sessions of endoscopic failure: A retrospective cohort study
Conclusion: Large difficult CBDS can be managed either by open surgery or laparoscopically with acceptable comparable outcomes with no need for multiple ERCP sessions due to their related morbidities; furthermore, Open choledocoscopy has a good impact on stone clearance rate with direction towards doing primary repair that is better than T-tube regarding operative time and post-operative hospital stay. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 31, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Peroneus Longus Tendon Graft: 2-Years Follow-Up
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Riky Setyawan, Noha Roshadiansyah Soekarno, Asa Ibrahim Zainal Asikin, Sholahuddin RhatomyAbstractBackgroundSeveral study that evaluate the usage of peroneus longus tendon (PLT) autograft in Anterior Cruciate Ligament reconstruction shows good result. Regardless the potential, there was no study about the use of PLT autograft in Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) reconstruction. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the functional outcome and donor site morbidity after single bundle PCL reconstruction using PLT autograft.Method...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 31, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Total hip arthroplasty for a woman with hemophilia A -case report-
Publication date: July 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 43Author(s): Akio Kanda, Kazuo Kaneko, Osamu Obayashi, Atsuhiko Mogami, Itaru MorohashiAbstractHemophilia A is a congenital bleeding disorder caused by an X-linked hereditary pattern. Female hemophilia A carriers are usually asymptomatic, although some have far lower levels of clotting factor because more X chromosomes with the normal gene are switched off, a phenomenon referred to as "lyonization.” During a medical checkup at our hospital, a 56-year-old Japanese woman with coxalgia was also diagnosed as an obligate hemophilia A carrier ba...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 29, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Bilateral Thoracic trauma; presentation and management, a case series
ConclusionBilateral thoracic trauma has comparable patterns of presentation, choices of investigation, strategies of management, predictors of the outcome, morbidity and mortality with unilateral chest trauma. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 26, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Total hip arthroplasty in a woman with hemophilia A: case report
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Akio Kanda, Kazuo Kaneko, Osamu Obayashi, Atsuhiko Mogami, Itaru MorohashiAbstractHemophilia A is a congenital bleeding disorder caused by an X-linked hereditary pattern. Female hemophilia A carriers are usually asymptomatic, although some have far lower levels of clotting factor because more X chromosomes with the normal gene are switched off, a phenomenon referred to as "lyonization.” During a medical checkup at our hospital, a 56-year-old Japanese woman with coxalgia was also diagnosed as an obligate hemophilia A ca...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 25, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: June 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 42Author(s): (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 22, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Reducing emergency admissions and length of stay by introducing emergency surgical ambulatory service
ConclusionsEstablishing an emergency surgical ambulatory service has reduced length of stay and saved significant hospital bed stays. This effect was enhanced by having a dedicated senior surgeon providing early input and decision making. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 20, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The top 100 manuscripts in emergency cardiac surgery. Potential role in cardiothoracic training. A bibliometric analysis
ConclusionThis study is the first of its kind and identified the papers which are likely to the contribute most to training and understanding of ECS. A papers influence is partially determined by journal impact factor. Bibliometric analysis is a potent tool to identify surgical training needs. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 14, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Assessment of PULP score in predicting 30-day perforated duodenal ulcer morbidity, and comparison of its performance with Boey and ASA, a retrospective study
ConclusionPULP score had the largest AUC and was the only score to significantly predict post PDU repair 30-day morbidity. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 11, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Breast - discordant size on imaging and pathology: A case report and review of literature
ConclusionACC is a rare entity in breast cancer pathology. Its size can be highly variable as measured by various radiographic modalities, and final Pathology from the surgical specimen is, as always, required for an accurate tumoral diameter. With that caveat, careful utilization of pre-operative imaging modalities is critical in pre-surgical planning to choose the appropriate surgery. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 6, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: May 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 41Author(s): (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 27, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

In vitro and ex vivo scolicidal effects of Olea europaea L. to inactivate the protoscolecs during hydatid cyst surgery
ConclusionBased on the findings of the study, it can be concluded that the extract of olive leaf had a significant scolicidal activity on hydatid cyst protoscoleces. However, further research, especially in human and animal subjects, are required to reach this conclusion. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 25, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical outcome of various limb salvage surgeries in osteosarcoma around knee: megaprosthesis, extracorporeal irradiation and resection arthrodesis
ConclusionMegaprosthesis showed good-excellent functional outcome and survival rate. ECI that is an option in LSS has good functional outcome as well. Knee arthrodesis with MAMC it is still an option to perform LSS even in the advanced local stage of the disease. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 25, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Comparative Analysis of Serum Lipid Profiles in Patients with and without Gallstones: A Prospective Cross-Sectional Study
The objective of this study was to compare serum lipid profile of gallstone patients with the controls.MethodsThis prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the Surgical Department of the Services Institute of Medical Sciences from August 2017 to August 2018. A total of 50 patients were included in the study after screening through the inclusion criteria. A control group of 50 inpatients with no personal or family history of gallstones were also recruited for comparison. Results were expressed as mean with standard deviation. Students t-test was used to compare the data between the patients and the control groups (p
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 25, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among Filipino Boys Subjected to Non-therapeutic Ritual or Medical Surgical Procedures: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Gregory J. Boyle, Samuel Ramos (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 25, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Increasing hernia size requires higher GRIP values for a biomechanically stable ventral hernia repair
Publication date: Available online 19 April 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): F. Kallinowski, D. Gutjahr, M. Vollmer, F. Harder, R. NesselAbstractBackgroundIncreasing hernia sizes lead to higher recurrence rates after ventral hernia repair. A better grip might reduce the failure rates.Material and MethodsA biomechanical model delivering dynamic intermittent strain (DIS) was used to assess grip values at various hernia orifices. The model consists of a water-filled aluminium cylinder covered with tissues derived from pig bellies which are punched with a central defect varying in diameter. DIS was applied ...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 20, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Artificial intelligence, regenerative surgery, robotics? What is realistic for the future of surgery?
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Sam Tarassoli (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 18, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The technique of story-telling in thyroid diseases including surgery; useful or not
ConclusionStory telling is a useful tool in health communication. With the widespread availability of high-speed internet and affordable mobile computing devices, story telling can be a useful tool to patients and relatives in decision making and in addition, saves valuable time of the treating consultant. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 15, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Microwave ablation of splenic cyst: A case report
ConclusionWe demonstrated that MWA can be utilized as a novel, minimally-invasive, and cost-effective approach in NSC treatment. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 13, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Development of a Point-of-Contact Technique to Measure Adenosine Triphosphate: A Quality Improvement Study
ConclusionPatients with HFpEF have increased metabolic demand and impaired myocardial bioenergetics. Thus, identifying a method to measure ATP that is quick and accurate is imperative to accurately assess cellular energy production in this population. Point-of-contact measures, such as ATP, are needed for precision-guided treatment. Data from this study provides the first step toward developing evidence for health policies related to managing fatigue. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 6, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Survival Rate of Multiple Myeloma Patients in Indonesia: A Retrospective Study in Multiple Myeloma at a Single Institution
Conclusions: The survival rate was lower in patients with higher ISS stage for this disease. Survival rate seems to be better among younger patients than in older ones even with lower ISS stage of this disease. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 3, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Trends of Mastectomy and Breast-Conserving Surgery and Related Factors in Female Breast Cancer Patients Treated at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 2009-2017: a Retrospective Cohort Study
ConclusionMastectomy has a much higher prevalence than BCS in our study mainly due to advanced tumor stage at the time of diagnosis. This emphasizes the urgent need for early detection of breast cancer to move towards BCS, with education and increasing awareness of breast cancer and the surgical options, especially that it is more common in a significantly younger population in our area. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 3, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Lymphangiomatosis of the ileum with perforation: A case report and review of the literature
Publication date: Available online 29 March 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Antonio Giuliani, Lucia Romano, Gino Coletti, Mohammad Walid A Fatayer, Giuseppe Calvisi, Francesco Maffione, Chiara Muolo, Vincenzo Vicentini, Mario Schietroma, Francesco CarleiAbstractLymphangiomatosis is a benign proliferation of lymph vessels. Lymphatic diseases can vary from small lymphangioma to generalized lymphangiomatosis, which is a rare condition and can have several clinical manifestations. The gastrointestinal tract may be affected, but the incidence in the intestinal wall is very low. We propose in our study a cas...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - March 31, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Assessment of the Difficulties in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy among patients at Baghdad province
ConclusionHigh difficult scoring preoperatively, gender, BMI and cause of admission can be used as predictors for difficult LC. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - March 28, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Validation of POSSUM, P-POSSUM and the surgical risk scale in major general surgical operations in Harare: A prospective observational study
This study sought to validate these scoring systems and hopefully adopt them for our teaching hospitals.Materials and MethodsA prospective observational cohort study was conducted at two central hospitals in Harare Two hundred and two patients undergoing a variety of major general surgical operations were recruited into the study. Results of physiological and intraoperative parameters collected from the patients’ records were scored according to POSSUM, P-POSSUM and SRS scores. Predicted mortality and morbidity rates of all these subjects were then compared to the observed rates.ResultsOne hundred and eighty one pati...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - March 28, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research