Attitudes towards the Surgical Safety Checklist and factors associated with its use: A global survey of frontline medical professionals
Conclusion This study suggests the use of the WHO SSC is variable across countries, especially in LMICs where it has the most potential to improve patient safety. Critical appraisal of the documented benefits of the WHO SSC may improve its adoption by those not currently using it. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 1, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Tall cell carcinoma arising in a thyroglossal duct cyst: a case report
Conclusion For the optimal management of this rare pathological condition, a comprehensive preoperative evaluation and meticulous intra-operative appraisal are fundamental. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 1, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The Academic Surgical Collaborative: Launching a New Trainee Research Collaborative
We describe the ASC's positioning alongside existing Trainee Research Collaboratives and its guiding philosophies. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 1, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Complications and Mortality after Adult to Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Conclusions Mortality was higher among complicated cases where vascular complications and SFSS had significant effect on it so prevention and treatment of them is required for improving outcome. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 1, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Learning science and science education in a new era
Publication date: Available online 29 April 2015 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery Author(s): Erhan Aysan Today, it takes only a few months for the amount of knowledge to double. The volume of information available has grown so much that it cannot be fully encompassed by the human mind. For this reason, science, learning, and education have to change in the third millennium. The question is thus: what is it that needs to be done? The answer may be found through three basic stages. The first stage is persuading scientists of the necessity to change science education. The second stage is more difficult, in that scienti...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 1, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Narrowing of Giant Gastric Perforation by Purse-String Suture Before Omental Plugging
Conclusion This method can be keep in mind as a damage control surgery technique in the non-traumatic abdominal emergencies due to large gastric perforations. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 1, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The use of abbreviations in surgical note keeping
Publication date: June 2015 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 4, Issue 2 Author(s): B. Collard , A. Royal Abbreviations are used to improve the speed of note keeping and to simplify patient notes. However studies have shown that they can reduce clarity, increase mistakes and cause confusion in management plans. Our review highlights the misuse of abbreviations in surgical note keeping. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 1, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Amyand hernia: Case report and review of the literature
Conclusion Amyand hernia is a rare condition, which represents two of the most common diseases a general surgeon has to face. Standardization of treatment is still ongoing and more prospective studies need to be done. This case demonstrates that this pathology must remain in the mind of the surgeons especially in the event of a strangulated hernia and offer a comprehensive review. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - May 1, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

“The use of abbreviations in surgical note keeping.”
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2015 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery Author(s): B. Collard , A. Royal (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 2, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A UK perspective on smartphone use amongst doctors within the surgical profession
Conclusion Online resources contribute significantly to clinical activities with the majority of smartphone users be willing to use their own device. The information gathered from this study can aid developers to create software dedicated to the smartphone operating systems in greatest use and to potentially increase the use of a bring your own device (BYOD) scheme. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 2, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis as a late complication of peritoneal dialysis
Conclusion Early identification of EPS is important in order to achieve better prognosis. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - April 2, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Peer review report 1 on The Surgical Admissions Proforma: Does it Make a Difference?
Publication date: January–December 2015 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 4, Supplement 1 Author(s): James Adams (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - March 31, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Peer review report 2 on Long-term Results of Open repair of Popliteal Artery Aneurysm
Publication date: January–December 2015 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 4, Supplement 1 (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - March 31, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Peer review report 3 on Long-term Results of Open repair of Popliteal Artery Aneurysm
Publication date: January–December 2015 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 4, Supplement 1 (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - March 31, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Infiltrative mass of the skull base and nasopharynx: A diagnostic conundrum
We present a case of idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (IHP) forming a central skull base mass to illustrate the process required when one investigates such skull base lesions. This is the first description of mass forming or tumefactive IHP extending into the nasopharynx. A 32-year old woman presented with frontal headaches and nasal discharge. She then deteriorated and was admitted with worsening headaches, serosanguinous nasal discharge and bilateral ophthalmoplegia. Multimodality imaging confirmed a destructive central skull base soft tissue mass involving the posterior clivus, floor of sphenoid sinus, nasopharyn...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - March 31, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Laparoscopic colorectal surgery in learning curve: Role of Implementation of a standardized technique and recovery protocol. A cohort study
Conclusion Proper laparoscopic colorectal surgery is safe and leads to excellent results in terms of recovery and short term outcomes, even in a learning curve setting. Key factors for better outcomes and shortening the learning curve seem to be the adoption of a standardized technique and training model along with the strict supervision of an expert colorectal surgeon. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - March 21, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Basic Surgical Skills course – why is it so costly?
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2015 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery Author(s): Mohammed Abdul Waduud , Nadeem Ahmed (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - March 21, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The Research Registry – Answering the Call to Register Every Research Study Involving Human Participants
Publication date: Available online 18 March 2015 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery Author(s): Riaz Agha , David Rosin (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - March 19, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A rare presentation of gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) – The Bouveret's syndrome
Conclusion Bouveret's syndrome being an uncommon condition may pose a difficulty in diagnosis and dilemma in managing such patients. An awareness is hence essential. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - March 1, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Caecal diverticulitis: presentation and management
This study aims to determine the incidence of caecal diverticulitis in patients presenting with colonic diverticulitis, as well as identify the symptoms and clinical features that may aid in making a pre-operative diagnosis. Methods Data was collected using the Queen Elizabeth II Hospital medical records database identifying patients diagnosed with colonic diverticulitis and, more specifically, those with caecal diverticulitis from January 2007 to December 2013. Only those patients who had confirmed caecal diverticulitis on imaging studies or at laparoscopy on their first admission were included in this study. Results A ...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - February 24, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A rare presentation of Gastric Outlet Obstruction (GOO) - The Bouveret’s syndrome
Conclusion Bouveret's syndrome being an uncommon condition may pose a difficulty in diagnosis and dilemma in managing such patients. An awareness is hence essential. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - February 17, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Gluteal Compartment Syndrome following Bariatric Surgery: A rare but important complication
We describe a case of Gluteal compartment syndrome in a patient following a gastric bypass and review the aetiology, pathophysiology, treatment and prevention of this complication. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - February 13, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Long-term Results of Open repair of Popliteal Artery Aneurysm
Conclusion Open surgery is therapy and prevention of acute ischaemia all in one, especially for asymptomatic patients and delivers good long-term results. Endovascular therapies offer an alternative but long-term results are pending. Open surgery should still be considered as a gold standard therapy. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - February 13, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The treatment of neck and parotid gland in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of face and forehead and the review of literature
Conclusion Elective lymph node dissection of appropriate region(s) should be included in the treatment plan for cases which have one or more of high-risk factors for lymph node metastases and long-term follow-up should not be ignored. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - February 7, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The surgical admissions proforma: does it make a difference?
Publication date: Available online 7 February 2015 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery Author(s): Jasmine Ehsanullah , Umar Ahmad , Kohmal Solanki , Justin Healy , Naim Kadoglou Admissions records are essential in communicating key information regarding unwell patients and at handover of care. We designed, implemented and evaluated the impact of a standardised surgical clerking proforma on documentation and clinician acceptability in comparison to freehand clerking. A clerking proforma was implemented for all acute general surgical admissions. Documentation was assessed according to 32 criteria based on the Royal Colle...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - February 7, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Seroma Collection By Suction Drainage Following Mastectomy Surgery
Conclusion Day case mastectomy model benefits patients by minimising patient stress and reducing hospital length of stay. This study finds selected patients undergoing less invasive procedure would be more suited for this model. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - January 24, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Abdominal trauma by ostrich
Conclusion In cases of blunt abdominal trauma by animals is necessary to have a low threshold of suspicion for acute abdomen. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - January 24, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Gastrointestinal surgery and the acquired immune deficiency syndrome
This article questions whether gastrointestinal surgical procedures can be safe and effective therapeutic measures in HIV/AIDS patients and if surgical outcome is worthy of the surgeon’s ethical responsibility to treat. As HIV/AIDS patients are not a homogenous group, with careful patient selection, emergency laparotomy for peritonitis confers worthwhile palliation. However, aggressive surgical intervention must be undertaken with caution and adequate peri-operative care is required. Symptomatic improvement of anorectal pathology may make delayed wound healing an acceptable complication. Alternatives to surgery can b...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - January 23, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Revisiting Closure Options for Heavily Irradiated Tissue Following Mohs Excision: A Case Report and Review of Literature
Conclusion This case demonstrates that a local flap can still be successful even with large facial defects and previously radiation therapy, sparing the patient from free-tissue transfer and its possible complications, while leaving the option of a free-tissue transfer available in case of flap failure. This case serves as a reminder that local flaps are still viable options for such defects. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - January 23, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Atypical Presentation of Congenital Cholesteatoma in an Adult Case with Good Hearing Result
Conclusion Congenital cholesteatoma may occur in atypical locations and ages. Many authors prefer canal wall down tympanomastoidectomy. But it can also be treated successfully by intact canal wall tympanomastoidectomy with good hearing results. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - January 18, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Induction of continuous expanding infrarenal aortic aneurysms in a large porcine animal model
Conclusion In pigs it’s possible to induce continuous expanding AAA’s based upon proteolytic degradation and pathological flow, resembling the real life dynamics of human aneurysms. Because the lumbars are preserved, it’s also a potential model for further studies of novel endovascular devices and their complications. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - January 15, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Parathyroid Gland Autotransplantation after Total Thyroidectomy in Surgical Management of Hypopharyngeal and Laryngeal Carcinomas: A Case Series
Conclusions Parathyroid gland autotranplantation is a simple safe technique with high success rate in preventing persistent hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy in surgical management of advanced hypopharyngeal and laryngeal carcinomas. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - January 15, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Patient factors may predict anastomotic complications after rectal cancer surgery Anastomotic complications in rectal cancer
Conclusion Our study identifies preoperative anemia as possible risk factor for anastomotic leak and neoadjuvant chemoradiation may lead to increased risk of complications overall. Further prospective studies will help to elucidate these findings as well as identify amenable factors that may decrease risk of anastomotic complications after rectal cancer surgery. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - January 11, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Health-Related Quality-of-life in a cohort undergoing cholecystectomy
Discussion Regardless of indication for surgery, high age is associated with less benefit from surgery according to this questionnaire study. SF-36 is appropriate for measuring the impact of gallstone surgery on HRQoL. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - January 9, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Do Surgery Journals Insist On Reporting By Consort And Prisma? A Follow-Up Survey Of ‘Instructions To Authors’
Conclusions Surgery journals are presently more likely to require submitted manuscripts to follow published reporting guidance compared to three years ago. However, overall concordance rates are still low, and an improvement is required to help enhance the quality of reporting – and ultimately the conduct – of randomised control trials and systematic reviews in surgery. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - January 6, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The preoperative evaluation prevent the postoperative complications of thyroidectomy
Conclusions The success of thyroid surgery depends on careful preoperative planning, including a preoperative neck ultrasound to determine the proximity of the nodule to the recurrent laryngeal nerve course, and the consideration of the type of anesthesia, adjuvant devices for intra-op monitoring of the RLN, and surgical modalities. Our results suggest that preoperative evaluation implementations are positively associated with strategy of surgery and postoperative hypocalcemia prevention. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - December 19, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Case of intraperitoneal sepsis secondary to rupture of the appendix on the background of pseudomyxoma peritonei
Conclusion Intraperitoneal sepsis secondary to appendiceal rupture is rare. Hence surgeons may face an emergency of intraperitoneal sepsis during waiting period of planned CRS or as a primary presentation. With combined therapy of CRS and PIC, the prognosis of mucinous appendiceal adenoma is excellent. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - December 18, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Patient factors may predict anastomotic complications after rectal cancer surgery
Conclusion Our study identifies preoperative anemia as possible risk factor for anastomotic leak and neoadjuvant chemoradiation may lead to increased risk of complications overall. Further prospective studies will help to elucidate these findings as well as identify amenable factors that may decrease risk of anastomotic complications after rectal cancer surgery. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - December 14, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Pre-operative thrombotic complications of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer: Implications for immediate breast reconstruction
Conclusion: An awareness of the effects of thrombotic events in this patient group is important in terms of developing an understanding of its impact on the performance of reconstruction, on the management of anticoagulation peri-operatively and on monitoring for post-operative complications. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - December 3, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Acknowledgement to reviewers 2014
Publication date: December 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 4 (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - December 3, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Endovascular recanalisation of an acute superior mesenteric artery occlusion. A case report and review of the literature
Conclusion Early diagnosis using CT angiography is essential, as it is highly sensitive in detecting a visceral arterial occlusion. However, laparotomy is often required to accurately determine bowel viability and the need for resection. Endovascular interventions appear to be effective alternatives to open surgery with appropriate patient selection. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - November 28, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Case report of intraperitoneal sepsis secondary to rupture of the appendix on the background of Pseudomyxoma peritonei
Conclusion Intraperitoneal sepsis secondary to appendiceal rupture is rare. Hence surgeons may face an emergency of intraperitoneal sepsis during waiting period of planned CRS or as a primary presentation. With combined therapy of CRS and PIC, the prognosis of mucinous appendiceal adenoma is excellent. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - November 2, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Ligation of superior mesenteric vein and portal to splenic vein anastomosis after superior mesenteric-portal vein confluence resection during pancreaticoduodenectomy – Case report
Conclusion The lessons we learned are (1) Before SMPV confluence resection, internal jugular vein graft should be ready for reconstruction. (2) Synthetic graft is an alternative for internal jugular vein graft. (3) Direct portal vein to SMV anastomosis can be achieved by mobilizing liver. (4) It is possible that venous collaterals secondary to SMV tumor obstruction may have allowed this patient's post-operative survival. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 29, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Outcomes of radial head arthoplasty following mason III and IV radial head fractures
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): A.R.M. Asp , N. Jacobs , A. Nicholls , D.J. Watkinson (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Comparison of non-union rates following first metatarsophalangeal joint fusion with three dorsal plating systems
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): E.J. Bass , S. Sirikonda , C. Walker (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The efficacy of blue dye and radioisotope as an intraoperative method of axillary sentinel lymph node detection in invasive breast cancer
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): J. Sibbel , M. Yassin , Z. Khanzada , Q. Baker , B. Zeiden , T. Graja (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Effects of hydrogen sulphide on cyclosporin induced nephrotoxicity at reperfusion
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): G. Lee , S. Hosgood , C. Crotty , M. Patel , K. Shah , M.L. Nicholson (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Direct fracture resistance testing of bone in children using the RPI instrument
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): S. Foster , L. Forestier-Zhang , P. Grabowski , O. Gallagher , S. Madan , P. Arundel , N. Bishop (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

An additional strip of mesh minimises hernia recurrence after laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair; an analysis of 490 cases over 10 years
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): J. Clark , R. Wong , A. Richardson , J. Vatish , A. Haque , A. Bello , D. Al-Musawi (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A preliminary comparative cross-sectional analysis of plaque morphology and carotid atherosclerosis in octogenarians plus and a younger cohort
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): L.S. Alder , M. Aslam , N.J. Standfield (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research