Autism Spectrum Disorder in Lower Socioeconomic Communities
Publication date: September–December 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health, Volume 83, Issues 5–6 Author(s): Robert E. Accordino, Isobel W. Green, Angela Diaz (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - December 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cumulative Psychosocial Risk is a Salient Predictor of Depressive Symptoms among Vertically HIV-Infected and HIV-Affected Adolescents at the Kenyan Coast
Conclusions Both HIV-infected and HIV-affected adolescents are at a high risk of experiencing depressive symptoms, largely due to the multiple psychosocial risk factors in their environment. The provision of adequate psychosocial support and counseling needs to become an integral part of the care program for adolescents from families living with HIV/AIDS at the Kenyan coast and other similar settings. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - December 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of Iron Deficiency Anemia in a Pediatric Clinic in the Dominican Republic
Conclusions Many children at the clinic were not screened for iron deficiency anemia during the period of highest risk. In the participants screened, iron deficiency anemia was underdiagnosed and often untreated. Anemia is a significant burden in this community—one demanding reliable screening and universal supplementation. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - December 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disability Characteristics of Community-Based Rehabilitation Participants in Kayunga District, Uganda
Conclusion These findings suggest a high level of moderate to severe functional impairments in persons with physical disabilities receiving CBR in Kayunga district. These data provide support for efforts to enhance CBR's ability to liaise with local health care, education, and community resources to promote access to needed services and ultimately improve the functional status of persons with disabilities in low-resource settings. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - December 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Addressing Noncommunicable Disease on Short-Term Medical Trips: A Longitudinal Study of Hypertension Treatment in Santo Domingo
Conclusions Short-term medical trips with a recurrent presence in a community may improve control of hypertension and other NCDs in developing nations. Further research into the impact that short-term medical trips may have on NCDs is needed. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - December 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

China's Efforts on Management, Surveillance, and Research of Noncommunicable Diseases: NCD Scorecard Project
Conclusion In China the burden of disease of NCDs and disabilities remains serious, although China has put significant efforts into its governance and surveillance and research. To improve, further action is needed on reducing tobacco consumption, increasing investment in the national health budget, and increasing the focus on system construction. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

“It Has Changed”: Understanding Change in a Parenting Program in South Africa
Conclusions This study's findings may be of use to policymakers and practitioners who need to understand how parenting programs support parents and teenagers in increasing positive parenting approaches and changing potentially harmful practices. It additionally highlights the importance of assessing the experiences of both parents and teenagers attending such programs. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Optimizing Adolescent LARC: an Answer to Pregnancy Prevention
Publication date: Available online 26 November 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health Author(s): Lonna P. Gordon (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Broadening the Frontiers of Adolescent Health Through Telemedicine and Online Networks
Publication date: Available online 26 November 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health Author(s): Evelyn Eisenstein, Luiz Ary Messina (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Recommendations on Arresting Global Health Challenges Facing Adolescents and Young Adults
Conclusion Sustainable development goals provide an opportunity to target this neglected and vulnerable age group. A multisectoral approach is needed to bring about healthy change and address the challenges faced by adolescents and youth, from modifications at a broader legislative and policy level to ground-level (community-level) implementations. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adolescent and Young Adult Injuries in Developing Economies: A Comparative Analysis from Oman and Kenya
Conclusions A rising burden of injuries among young people has been documented in every region of the world, irrespective on income status or level of development. Cost-effective injury control measures targeting this age group exist, including involvement in educational, vocational, and other prosocial activities; environmental alterations; and road safety measures. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Administration of Childhood Physical and Childhood Sexual Abuse Screens in Adolescents and Young Adults: a Literature Review
Conclusions There remains an urgent need to conduct evaluations of methods to identify childhood physical and sexual abuse including the mode of administration of screens in young people. It is recommended that future studies include diverse populations and randomized and quasi-experimental approaches. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Measuring Healthy Lifestyle and Mental Health Indicators in South Asian Women Using the “Your Health: Quality of Life and Well-Being” Questionnaire
Conclusions This questionnaire is an effective tool to use within the community. There is a significant burden of obesity, complicated by poor lifestyle habits and significant mood and anxiety symptoms within the studied South Asian population. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring Drivers of Infant Deaths in Rural Rwanda Through Verbal Social Autopsy
Conclusion This study provides important information on the experiential quality of care received by infants and their caregivers within the current health care space in rural Rwanda. By listening to the individual stories of so many caregivers regarding the gaps and challenges they faced, appropriate action may be taken to bolster the existing health care system. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Children's Environmental Health Indicators for Low- and Middle-Income Countries in Asia
Conclusions Improved monitoring systems of children's environmental health using the targeted CEHI may mitigate the data gap and enhance the quality of data in LMICs in Asia. Furthermore, critical information on the complex interaction between the environment and children's health using the CEHI will help establish a regional environmental children's health action plan, named “The Children's Environment and Health Action Plan for Asia.” (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adolescents' Right to Participate: Opportunities and Challenges for Health Care Professionals
Conclusions Health care providers and organizations have numerous opportunities to cultivate adolescent's participation rights and in doing so improve health care delivery and outcomes. Health care providers and organizations should further develop structures and processes to ensure opportunities for children and adolescents to be heard on matters relevant to their health care and health status. Creating opportunities for adolescents to realize their right to participate means engaging youth at every stage in the process, beginning with the design of such opportunities. It also means addressing all aspects of health care, ...
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Urban-Rural Disparity in Helicobacter Pylori Infection –Related Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer in China and the Decreasing Trend in Parallel with Socioeconomic Development and Urbanization in an Endemic Area
Conclusions Urban-rural disparity in UGIC is related to inequity in socioeconomic development. Economic growth and urbanization is effective for prevention in endemic regions in China and should be a policy priority. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Estimating Effects of Temperature on Dengue Transmission in Colombian Cities
Conclusion Climatic variables related to temperature affect dengue epidemiology in different way. According to the temperature of each city, transmission might be positively or negatively affected. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Care Use and Status Among Abused Young People
Conclusions In contrast to studies conducted among youth in nonclinic settings, in this study childhood abuse was not associated with health care usage patterns or with poorer perception of health. Further research is needed regarding the impact receiving health care has on perceived health and health care use in abused youth. Annals of Global Health 2017;0:000-000 (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ability to Pay for Future National Health Financing Scheme among Malaysian Households
Conclusions Sociodemographic and socioeconomic statuses are important eligibility factors to be considered in planning the proposed national health care financing scheme to shield the needed group from catastrophic health expenditures. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Applying a Global Perspective to School-Based Health Centers in New York City
Conclusions School-based health centers in the United States have helped to provide comprehensive, multidisciplinary care to many children who would otherwise not be able to access care, but community engagement is critical to their success. Applying the WHO Community Health Worker Model to utilize school students for outreach to their school community is an effective way to increase utilization. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Community Health Workers in Diabetes Prevention and Management in Developing Countries
Conclusions CHWs have the potential to improve knowledge, health behavior, and health outcomes related to prevention and management of T2DM in LMICs. Given the limited number of studies included in this review, robust conclusions cannot be drawn at the present time. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Importance of Research and Clinical Care for Adolescent and Young Adult Health and Well-Being
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health Author(s): Anthony Salandy, Angela Diaz (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of Modes of Administration of Screens to Identify a History of Childhood Physical Abuse in an Adolescent and Young Adult Population
Conclusions Although the unstructured interview was the most effective mode for screening for childhood physical abuse, additional research is needed to confirm whether this holds true in other health care settings. Further research should examine how a health provider's training, experience, and comfort level might influence the identification of physical abuse disclosure in primary care settings using face-to-face unstructured interview. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exploration of Global Health Careers Across the Medical Fields
Conclusion Despite diverse perspectives on the meaning and sustainability of GH work, this analysis provides a nascent framework that may inform curricular development for GH trainees. Suggestions are offered for elaborating this framework to fully exploit the transformative potential of GH training in medical education. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Leishmaniasis: Who Uses Personal Protection among Military Personnel in Colombia?
Conclusions Improving knowledge about leishmaniasis is one measure to increase use of personal protection, thereby diminishing the risk of infection. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Strengthening Global Health Outreach Programs Through Pharmacy Services
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health Author(s): Vidya Nair, Anthony J. Haberstroh, Marilyn Berko, Wayne Rapp, Brittany Fowler, Kirsten Redborg (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Suboptimal Breastfeeding Practices among Women in Rural and Low-Resource Settings: a Study of Women in Rural Mysore, India
Conclusions Optimal breastfeeding practices were influenced by a multitude of factors, including maternal age, education, number of antenatal checkups, receiving assistance with breastfeeding, and satisfaction with the infant's gender. Health promotion efforts should focus on encouraging mothers to attend antenatal care visits. Early antenatal education and counseling should include breastfeeding education in early antenatal visits. Further research should examine how to mitigate the effect of gender preference on initiation of breastfeeding. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Life Expectancy, Causes of Death, Risk Factors in China and the U.S.
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health Author(s): Zhengjun Li, Yaoyao Bian, Li Zeng, Wenlin Li, Lili Yang (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Peer-Reviewed Veterinary Journals From Arabic-Speaking Countries: A Systematic Review
Conclusion Electronic access is lacking compared with English-speaking countries, and there is a lack of journals with an Arabic-language option. The reasons associated with language options in veterinary publications are not immediately apparent, yet may highlight differences among public health, health education, and zoonotic professionals and the populations they serve. Veterinary journals in Arabic-speaking countries do not adequately represent the overall region and are limited in access. Further evaluation of regional culture and publisher preferences is indicated to identify new collaboration opportunities among hea...
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Parenting Practices and Associations with Development Delays among Young Children in Dominican Republic
Conclusions Parenting practices such as harsh punishment and lack of positive parental reinforcement were found to have strong associations with language and socioadaptive delays. Likewise, delays were also more common among children with younger caregivers. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effect of Early Marriage Timing on Women's and Children's Health in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southwest Asia
Conclusions Delaying age of marriage among young wives can lead to considerable gains in health care utilization and children health in SSA and SWA if supported by policies that lessen supply constraints and raise women's health empowerment. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 9, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Making Online Outbreak Surveillance Work for all
Publication date: Available online 6 November 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health Author(s): Yanbai Andrea Wang, Michele Barry (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Big Data Knowledge in Global Health Education
Publication date: Available online 6 November 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health Author(s): Olaniyi Olayinka, Michele Kekeh, Manasi Sheth-Chandra, Muge Akpinar-Elci The ability to synthesize and analyze massive amounts of data is critical to the success of organizations, including those that involve global health. As countries become highly interconnected, increasing the risk for pandemics and outbreaks, the demand for big data is likely to increase. This requires a global health workforce that is trained in the effective use of big data. To assess implementation of big data training in global health, we conducted a pilo...
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intentional Exploration on International Service Learning Trips: Three Questions for Global Health
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health Author(s): William B. Ventres (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - November 2, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

#Globalhealth Twitter Conversations on #Malaria, #HIV, #TB, #NCDS, and #NTDS: a Cross-Sectional Analysis
Conclusions This study highlighted the specific #GlobalHealth Twitter conversations pertinent to malaria, HIV, tuberculosis, noncommunicable diseases, and neglected tropical diseases. These conversations reflect the priorities of advocates, funders, policymakers, and practitioners of global health on these high-burden diseases as they presented their views and information on Twitter to their followers. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - October 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Outcomes of Global Public Health Training Program for US Minority Students: A Case Report
This study presents the outcomes of a research training program as an illustrative case study. The Short-Term Training Program for Minority Students (STPMS) recruits underrepresented minority undergraduate and graduate students for immersion in research training. A total of 69 students participated in the STPMS between 1995 and 2012, and 59 of these completed our survey to determine the perceived impact of the program on the students' motivations and professional development. Results indicated that motivations to participate in the STPMS were commonly related to long-term professional development, such as obtaining mentori...
Source: Annals of Global Health - October 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

New Findings on Child Marriage in Sub-Saharan Africa
Publication date: Available online 14 October 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health Author(s): Suzanne Petroni, Mara Steinhaus, Natacha Stevanovic Fenn, Kirsten Stoebenau, Amy Gregowski Despite increasing global attention and commitments by countries to end the harmful practice of child marriage, each year some 15 million girls marry before the age of 18. The preponderance of the evidence produced historically on child marriage comes from South Asia, where the vast majority of child brides live. Far less attention has been paid to child marriage in sub-Saharan Africa, where prevalence rates remain high. The International Ce...
Source: Annals of Global Health - October 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Partnership Conference
Conclusions With careful planning from all parties, a multilateral partnership conference including both university and medical center faculty can be a productive forum for exchange on global health education and research. Sustaining such partnerships is vital to the success of global health scholarship. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - September 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Commentary on Global Health in Malawi: A Collection of Poems, by Zachary G. Jacobs, M.D.
Publication date: Available online 31 August 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health Author(s): Craig L. Katz (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - September 1, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Global Health Career Interest among Medical and Nursing Students: Survey and Analysis
Conclusions Simply participating in a global health experience abroad is not significantly associated with interest in a global health career. However, sex, age, household income, and research-related GHEs are significantly associated with global health career interest. These findings may inform the development of global health programs at medical and nursing schools and can guide efforts to increase the number of health care professionals entering global health careers. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - August 31, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Transculturalizing Diabetes Prevention in Latin America
Conclusion Successful transculturalization strategies have been implemented in screening tools and prevention programs in LA. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - August 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

On Becoming a Global Citizen: Transformative Learning Through Global Health Experiences
Conclusions Circumstances that learners encounter in the resource-scarce environment in Kenya are eye-opening and life-changing. When exposed to these frame-shifting circumstances, students elaborate on or transform existing points of view. These emotionally disruptive experiences in an international health setting allowed students to enter a transformational learning process with a global mind. Students can see the world as an interdependent society and develop the capacity to advance both their enlightened self-interest and the interest of people elsewhere in the world as they mature as global citizens. Medical schools a...
Source: Annals of Global Health - August 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Socioeconomic Disparities in the Prevalence of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Ghanaian Women
Conclusion The prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors varies by socioeconomic status among Ghanaian women. Targeted intervention programs to reduce overweight and obesity may begin among Ghanaian women employed in the public sector, and improved access to health care will be critical for timely diagnosis and management of other disease risk factors. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - August 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Global Health Nursing Imperative: Using Competency-Based Analysis to Strengthen Accountability for Population Focused Practice, Education, and Research
Publication date: Available online 7 August 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health Author(s): Barbara Joyce, Nancy Brown-Schott, Vicki Hicks, Regina (Gina) Johnson, Monica Harmon, Lucille Pilling Background The Quad Council Competencies for Public Health Nurses are used to guide community and public health nursing course development in baccalaureate nursing programs. As clinical practice has expanded to global settings, the appropriateness of the 2011 Quad Council Public Health Nursing (PHN) Competencies to guide global clinical practice and evaluation was questioned. Objective To describe a comparison and analysis of three ...
Source: Annals of Global Health - August 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social Experiences of Women with Obstetric Fistula Seeking Treatment in Kampala, Uganda
Conclusion Study participants experienced substantial changes in their social lives as a result of obstetric fistula, and there were a variety of beliefs regarding the cause. The complex social context is an important component to understanding how to prevent and treat obstetric fistula. Further elucidation of these factors may bolster current efforts in prevention and holistic treatment. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - August 4, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

On Essentiality and the World Health Organization's Model List of Essential Medicines
Conclusions The definition of essential medicines has shifted and now necessitates a new consensus on normative definitions and criteria. A more standardized and transparent set of procedures for choosing essential medicines is required. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - June 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers to Smoking Cessation Among Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in South Africa
Conclusions The findings reiterate the need for smoking cessation intervention to be incorporated as an integral component of DR-TB management in South Africa. Many patients expressed an interest in pharmacological aids and psychological support to help them to quit smoking. Additionally, offering extramural activities and enforcing smoke-free policies in hospital facilities will help to reduce patients' access to cigarettes while at the hospital. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - June 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “There’s No App for That: Assessing the Impact of mHealth on the Supervision, Motivation, Engagement, and Satisfaction of Community Health Workers in Sierra Leone” [Annals of Global Health 82 (2016) 936–949]
Publication date: March–April 2017 Source:Annals of Global Health, Volume 83, Issue 2 Author(s): Frédérique Vallières, Eilish McAuliffe, Bianca van Bavel, PJ Wall, Augustine Trye (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - June 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mass Gatherings and Public Health: Case Studies from the Hajj to Mecca
Conclusions From a global health and human security perspective, strengthening of core capacities in managing mass gatherings as well as researching risks posed by such gatherings are paramount to safeguard the public’s health. Attention of health professionals worldwide and adoption of strategic planning at custodian country and sending countries are obligatory. (Source: Annals of Global Health)
Source: Annals of Global Health - June 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research