Widowhood and mortality: gender, race/ethnicity, and the role of economic resources.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings highlight that gender and race-ethnicity intersect with widowhood status to disadvantage some groups more than others. It is important to explore the complex pathways that contribute to the higher mortality risk of racial-ethnic minorities, especially Hispanic men, after widowhood so that effective interventions can be implemented to reduce those risks. PMID: 32336656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - April 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Liu H, Umberson D, Xu M Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

The tipping point: could increasing the subminimum wage reduce poverty-related antenatal stressors in U.S. women?
CONCLUSIONS: Increasing the subminimum wage can reduce poverty-related stress and may be a potential intervention for reducing poor health outcomes. PMID: 32336654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - April 6, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Andrea SB, Messer LC, Marino M, Goodman JM, Boone-Heinonen J Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Policy- and county-level associations with HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis use, the United States, 2018.
CONCLUSIONS: In a data set comprising approximately 80% of PrEP users in the United States, we found that Medicaid expansion and PrEP-DAPs were associated with higher PrEP use in states that adopted those policies, after controlling for potential confounders. Future research should identify which components of PrEP support programs have the most success and how to best promote PrEP among groups most impacted by the epidemic. States should support the admirable health decisions of their residents to get on PrEP by implementing policies that facilitate access. PMID: 32336655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: ...
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - April 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Siegler AJ, Mehta CC, Mouhanna F, Giler RM, Castel A, Pembleton E, Jaggi C, Jones J, Kramer MR, McGuinness P, McCallister S, Sullivan PS Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

The role of comorbidity in the association of obesity with unemployment and disability.
Abstract PURPOSE: The association of obesity with a large range of physical conditions and numerous psychiatric disorders has been extensively studied. Our study sought the extent to which physical conditions or psychiatric disorders associated with obesity mediate the association of obesity with unemployment or disability. METHODS: Using data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III, 2012-2013), we estimated the prevalence of unemployment as a function of obesity taking into account these comorbidities. Data on self-reported height and weight were available for...
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - April 2, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Le Strat Y, Melchior M, Gorwood P, Tebeka S, Dubertret C Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Postrelease mortality among persons hospitalized during their incarceration.
CONCLUSIONS: People hospitalized during incarceration constitute a particularly vulnerable, yet relatively easily identifiable priority population to focus health interventions supporting continuity of care after prison release. Yet such efforts may be particularly challenging in NC and other Medicaid non-expansion states. PMID: 32327270 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - April 2, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Rosen DL, Kavee AL, Brinkley-Rubinstein L Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Evaluating statewide HIV preexposure prophylaxis implementation using All-Payer Claims Data.
CONCLUSIONS: APCDs are a useful data source for characterizing PrEP use across a state. There is a need to increase PrEP prescribing among primary care providers, especially in areas with underserved populations. PMID: 32279914 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - March 26, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Raifman J, Nocka K, Galárraga O, Wilson IB, Crowley C, Tao J, Napoleon S, Marak T, Chan PA Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Empirical comparison of approaches for odds ratios to risk ratio transformations in meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials with common outcomes.
PMID: 32265076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - March 26, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Chu TC, Ojha RP, VanderWeele TJ Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Human psittacosis in Japan: notification trends and differences in infection source and age distribution by gender, 2007 to 2016.
Abstract PURPOSE: Psittacosis is a bacterial zoonosis caused by Chlamydia (Chlamydophila) psittaci that infects birds. Although potentially fatal, infections can be reduced by controlling the source of infection. We therefore described the epidemiology of psittacosis, focusing on the infection source. METHODS: We descriptively analyzed psittacosis cases reported through national surveillance in Japan from 2007 to 2016. We also analyzed Chlamydia psittaci prevalence among captive psittaciformes during the same period. RESULTS: One hundred eleven cases were reported, and the annual number and notification ...
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - March 25, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Kozuki E, Arima Y, Matsui T, Sanada Y, Ando S, Sunagawa T, Oishi K Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Dynamic prediction and prognostic analysis of patients with cervical cancer: a landmarking analysis approach.
CONCLUSIONS: Model 3 can effectively incorporate covariates with time-varying effects and update the probability of surviving an additional 5 years at different prediction times. The use of the landmark approach may provide evidence for clinical decision making by updating personalized information for patients. PMID: 32220511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - March 4, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Yang Z, Hou Y, Lyu J, Liu D, Chen Z Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Cholesterol-lowering effect of statin therapy in a clinical HIV cohort: an application of double propensity score adjustment.
CONCLUSIONS: In PSM analyses, double propensity score adjustment is a readily accessible alternative approach for estimating ATTs when sufficient covariate balance between treatment groups cannot be achieved without excluding treated participants. PMID: 32204991 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - March 2, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Levy ME, Ma Y, Magnus M, Younes N, Castel AD, DC Cohort Executive Committee Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Challenges and opportunities related to the objective assessment of physical activity within U.S. health surveys.
This article highlights specifically the challenges and opportunities with using wearable devices in population-level PA assessment. A major challenge faced by PA assessment researchers is that of which assessment methods and evaluation tools to use and under what circumstances to use them. This article discusses issues related to (1) what device to use, (2) how to collect data, (3) how to process data, (4) how to analyze the data, and (5) how to report the procedures used. These decisions shape not only the data collection process including collection time and cost but also directly impact data analysis and subsequently t...
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 26, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: LaMunion SR, Fitzhugh EC, Crouter SE Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Estimating the size of HIV-negative MSM population that would benefit from pre-exposure prophylaxis in Florida.
CONCLUSION: Areas with high numbers of MSM with PrEP indications could be targeted with information to reduce HIV acquisition. PMID: 32145998 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 14, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Mauck DE, Fennie KP, Ibañez GE, Fenkl EA, Sheehan DM, Maddox LM, Spencer EC, Trepka MJ Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Timing of parental incarceration and allostatic load: a developmental life course approach.
CONCLUSIONS: The physiological consequences of parental incarceration are associated with the developmental period in which the incarceration occurred. The risk of biological dysregulation may be greatest among those who experience the loss of a parent to incarceration in childhood. PMID: 32144035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 14, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Niño MD, Cai T Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Quantitative bias analysis for study and grant planning.
CONCLUSIONS: We show that although exposure sensitivity would likely be poor, spending more money to get a better smoking measure is unlikely to yield more valid estimates. PMID: 32113733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 11, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Fox MP, Lash TL Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

How much do preventive health behaviors explain education- and income-related inequalities in health? Results of Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: How much heath practices can account for socioeconomic inequalities in health depends on the indicator of socioeconomic status. Educational disparities in health is explained by the higher prevalence of smoking and overweight in educationally disadvantaged groups. However, income-related gaps in health may require further consideration besides lifestyle modification. PMID: 32061471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - January 22, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Kino S, Kawachi I Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Risk of advanced chronic kidney disease among adults with spina bifida.
CONCLUSIONS: Adults with SB may have greater risk of advanced CKD incidence compared to adults without SB. PMID: 32014336 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - January 10, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Whitney DG, Pruente J, Schmidt M Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

The association of prediagnosis social support with survival after heart failure in the Cardiovascular Health Study.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that prediagnosis structural social support may modestly buffer heart failure patients from mortality. PMID: 31992494 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Kaiser P, Allen N, Delaney JAC, Hirsch CH, Carnethon M, Arnold AM, Odden MC Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Self-harm behaviors, suicidal ideation, and associated factors among rural left-behind children in west China.
CONCLUSIONS: SH is a substantial public health problem among rural Chinese LBC. Targeted intervention measures should be developed to reduce future suicide risk. PMID: 31992492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - January 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Xiao Y, He L, Chang W, Zhang S, Wang R, Chen X, Li X, Wang Z, Risch HA Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Epidemiology of pediatric buprenorphine and methadone exposures reported to the poison centers.
CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric buprenorphine exposures increased but demonstrated less severe effects compared to methadone exposures, which decreased during the study period. PMID: 31992493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - January 7, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Rege SV, Ngo DA, Ait-Daoud N, Rizer J, Sharma S, Holstege CP Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Characterizing social cohesion and gender identity as risk determinants of HIV among cisgender men who have sex with men and transgender women in C ôte d'Ivoire.
This study aims to examine these factors as risk determinants of HIV among MSM in Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using respondent-driven sampling for recruitment with a structured sociobehavioral instrument and testing for HIV. After respondent-driven sampling adjustment, chi-squared tests and bivariate logistic regression and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to characterize social and identity-based risk determinants of biologically confirmed prevalent HIV infection. RESULTS: HIV prevalence was 11.2% (n = 146/1301). Transgender woman identity was associ...
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 16, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Moran A, Scheim A, Lyons C, Liestman B, Drame F, Ketende S, Diouf D, Ba I, Ezouatchi R, Bamba A, Kouame A, Baral S Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

In, out, and fluctuating: obesity from adolescence to adulthood.
CONCLUSIONS: Transitioning to higher BMI categories was common, whereas the opposite direction was rare. Pathways to obesity prevention might be easier to identify than those to reversal, as contextual factors had more explanatory power for youths with normal BMI than for those with obese BMI. PMID: 31901410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 6, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ng CD, Cunningham SA Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Vaginal microbiome diversity and preterm birth: results of a nested case-control study in Peru.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study supports previous literature suggesting that what constitutes a healthy vaginal microbiome varies by race/ethnicity. Longitudinal studies are necessary to disentangle effects of vaginal microbiome differences over gestation. PMID: 31883841 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 5, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Blostein F, Gelaye B, Sanchez SE, Williams MA, Foxman B Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Corrigendum to Lack of seasonality in occurrence of pericarditis, myocarditis, and endocarditis [Annals of Epidemiology 37 (2019) 77-80].
, ToftSørensen H PMID: 31836071 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 1, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Skajaa N, Horváth-Puhó E, Adelborg K, Bøtker HE, Rothman KR, ToftSørensen H Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Breast cancer mortality in Chinese women: does migrant status play a role?
CONCLUSIONS: We found higher age-specific mortality rates of breast cancer in HK-immigrant women compared with HK- and GZ-born women, suggesting that immigration status might have an impact on breast cancer mortality. PMID: 31753691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - October 31, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Zhao S, Dong H, Qin J, Liu H, Li Y, Chen Y, Molassiotis A, He D, Lin G, Yang L Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Self-reported receipt of colonoscopy in national surveys: is it over- or under-reported?
PMID: 31732229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - October 23, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Fedewa SA, Jemal A, Flanders WD Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Associations between child maltreatment, cigarette smoking, and nicotine dependence in young adults with a history of regular smoking.
CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest in a nationally representative sample of ever regular smokers, child maltreatment is associated with outcomes that suggest an inability to quit smoking and some associations may vary by sex. PMID: 31711840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - October 21, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Cammack AL, Haardörfer R, Suglia SF Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Contextualizing tuberculosis risk in time and space: comparing time-restricted genotypic case clusters and geospatial clusters to evaluate the relative contribution of recent transmission to incidence of TB using nine years of case data from Michigan, USA.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest geographic areas with high concentration of TB cases are likely driven by ongoing transmission, rather than enclaves of individuals who have reactivated a case of latent TB. Furthermore, efforts to continue reducing Mtb transmission in the United States, and other low-incidence settings, must better identify community-level sources of risk, manifested through the complex social interactions among people and their environments. PMID: 31711839 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - October 17, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Noppert GA, Yang Z, Clarke P, Davidson P, Ye W, Wilson ML Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Cardiovascular disease risk factors among Latino farmworkers in Oregon.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the higher prevalence of CVD risk factors among Latino farmworkers and the need to address CVD risk factors in this population. PMID: 31708406 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - October 16, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: López-Cevallos DF, Escutia G, González-Peña Y, Garside LI Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Associations between PM2.5 and risk of preterm birth among liveborn infants.
CONCLUSIONS: Results add to literature on associations between PM2.5 and PTB, underscoring the importance of considering co-exposures when estimating effects of PM2.5 exposure during pregnancy. PMID: 31678056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - October 9, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Alman BL, Stingone JA, Yazdy M, Botto LD, Desrosiers TA, Pruitt S, Herring AH, Langlois PH, Nembhard WN, Shaw GM, Olshan AF, Luben TJ, National Birth Defects Prevention Study Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Examining neighborhood poverty-based disparities in HIV/STI prevalence: an analysis of Add Health data.
CONCLUSIONS: Strong evidence for neighborhood poverty-based differences in HIV/STI prevalence was not observed. Researchers should continue to investigate the effect of neighborhood-level socioeconomic position measures and, if warranted, identify etiologically relevant exposure periods. PMID: 31679893 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - October 9, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Zullo AR, Adams JW, Gantenberg JR, Marshall BDL, Howe CJ Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Psychiatric disorders in the U.S. transgender population.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and odds of mental disorder diagnoses at discharge in U.S. transgender hospital encounters as compared with cisgender hospital encounters using nationally representative data. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample was used to identify 25,233 transgender and 254,437,363 cisgender inpatient encounters from 2007 to 2014. Univariate analyses were performed to compare the prevalence of mental disorders and comorbid medical diagnoses at the time of discharge. Multivariable analyses controlling for medical comorbid diagnoses were performed t...
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - October 4, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Hanna B, Desai R, Parekh T, Guirguis E, Kumar G, Sachdeva R Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Using multilevel regression with poststratification to obtain regional health estimates from a Facebook-recruited sample.
CONCLUSIONS: MRP can improve prevalence estimates from self-selected Internet-based samples, although a nonnegligible amount of bias may remain. Illustrating the utility and limitations of this method will help researchers develop relevant estimates of the local public health burden, helping local health officials better understand and reduce poor health outcomes. PMID: 31662236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - September 25, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Loux T, Nelson EJ, Arnold LD, Shacham E, Schootman M Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Effect of interpregnancy interval on gestational diabetes: a  retrospective matched cohort study.
CONCLUSION: Our findings do not support the hypothesis that short IPI (
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - September 23, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Gebremedhin AT, Regan AK, Ball S, Betrán AP, Foo D, Gissler M, Håberg SE, Malacova E, Marinovich ML, Pereira G Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Exposures at day labor corners: using existing georeferenced data to describe features of urban environments.
CONCLUSIONS: Publicly available data sources describe demographic, socioeconomic, occupational, business, built, and physical environment characteristics of urban environments at fine spatial scale. Using these data, we identified unique corner-based exposures experienced by day laborers. Future research is needed to understand how corner environments may influence health for this uniquely vulnerable population. PMID: 31629605 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - September 19, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Fernández-Esquer ME, Hughes AE, Pruitt SL Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Errors in body mass index from self-reported data by sex and across waves of Add Health.
CONCLUSIONS: From adolescence to adulthood, anthropometric reporting patterns changed, and its variation differed by sex. Nevertheless, errors in BMI were similarly associated with behavioral/psychological characteristics. PMID: 31607420 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - September 19, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ng CD Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Healthy behaviors and incidence of overweight and obesity in military veterans.
CONCLUSIONS: Self-reporting multiple healthy behaviors was associated with reduced overweight/obesity rates. Further research is warranted to determine whether interventions targeting several health behaviors may be more effective in reducing obesity among military veterans than interventions targeting one behavior. PMID: 31588009 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - September 11, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Bookwalter DB, Porter B, Jacobson IG, Kong SY, Littman AJ, Rull RP, Boyko EJ Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Smoking history, intensity, and duration and risk of prostate cancer recurrence among men with prostate cancer who received definitive treatment.
CONCLUSION: Smoking duration is a significant predicator of biochemical recurrence among men with prostate cancer who are current or former smokers. PMID: 31563295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - September 6, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Khan S, Thakkar S, Drake B Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Bias in the estimation of cumulative viremia in cohort studies of HIV-infected individuals.
CONCLUSIONS: Sampling bias due to differential frequency of sampling appears extensive and of meaningful magnitude in measures of cumulative viremia. Cumulative measures of viremia should be used only in studies with sufficient frequency of viral load measures and always as relative measures. PMID: 31537405 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - August 23, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Lesosky M, Glass T, Rambau B, Hsiao NY, Abrams EJ, Myer L Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

SES and correlated factors do not explain the association between periodontal disease, edentulism, and cancer risk.
CONCLUSIONS: Complex sources of confounding by SES and its correlates are unlikely to fully account for the positive associations observed for periodontal disease and edentulism and cancer risk. PMID: 31540766 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - August 22, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Lu J, Zaimi I, Barber JR, Joshu CE, Prizment AE, Beck JD, Platz EA, Michaud DS Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Housing and food stress among transgender adults in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: More precise assessments of housing and food insecurity among probability-based samples of transgender individuals are needed to fully understand housing and food-related instability and the stress associated with these experiences. PMID: 31526508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - August 22, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Henderson ER, Jabson J, Russomanno J, Paglisotti T, Blosnich JR Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Personalized and typical concurrent risk of limitations in social activity and mobility in older persons with multiple chronic conditions and polypharmacy.
CONCLUSIONS: Estimates of PCR and typical concurrent risk can be calculated from national or institutional data sets and may facilitate the practice of personalized care for older patients with multiple chronic conditions. PMID: 31473124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - August 9, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Murphy TE, McAvay GJ, Agogo GO, Allore HG Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Heterogeneity of Latina/os' acculturative experiences in the National Latino and Asian American Study: a latent profile analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Latina/os have heterogeneous experiences living in the United States. Discrimination, family context, and neighborhood environment are more related to varying experiences as opposed to traditional measures of acculturation and enculturation. Future research should characterize Latina/o heterogeneity using these experiences rather than strictly by observed demographics, such as heritage or generational status. PMID: 31473125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - August 7, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Roth KB, Musci RJ, Eaton WW Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

The respiratory microbiota: associations with influenza symptomatology and viral shedding.
CONCLUSIONS: The nose/throat microbiota before influenza virus infection was associated with influenza symptoms and shedding durations. Further studies are needed to determine if the nose/throat microbiota is a viable target for reducing influenza symptoms and transmission. PMID: 31451313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - July 31, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Lee KH, Foxman B, Kuan G, López R, Shedden K, Ng S, Balmaseda A, Gordon A Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

The association between perceived discrimination in midlife and peripheral neuropathy in a population-based cohort of women: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation.
CONCLUSIONS: More research is needed to determine the contributing factors to nondiabetic PN. Our findings reaffirm the impact of financial strain, BMI, and diabetes as significant correlates of PN and highlight discrimination as an important risk factor. PMID: 31447292 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - July 27, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Dusendang JR, Reeves AN, Karvonen-Gutierrez CA, Herman WH, Ylitalo KR, Harlow SD Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Introduction of a novel measure of premature mortality caused by chronic conditions: real-world examples from prostate and testis cancers in Canada, 1980-2015.
PMID: 31427150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - July 26, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Pham TM, Shack L, Cheung WY Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Response to Acquavella J, conflict of interest: a hazard for epidemiology.
PMID: 31401133 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - July 16, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Soskolne CL, Advani S, Sass J, Bero LA, Ruff K Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Trade openness and the obesity epidemic: a cross-national study of 175 countries during 1975-2016.
CONCLUSIONS: Trade openness was positively associated with country obesity prevalence, and its influence concentrated among developing nations. Policy makers should closely monitor the evolution in obesity rate during trade liberalization and nutrition transition to minimize its negative impact on weight-related population health. PMID: 31399309 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - July 12, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: An R, Guan C, Liu J, Chen N, Clarke C Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Future risk of cancer in women who have children with birth defects.
CONCLUSIONS: We found inconsistent evidence of a clinically meaningful association between having an infant with birth defects and the risk of early maternal cancer. PMID: 31387776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - July 12, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Auger N, Little J, Arbour L, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Mayrand MH Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Estimating prevalence of type I and type II diabetes using incidence rates: the SEARCH for diabetes in youth study.
CONCLUSIONS: Future prevalence of type I and type II diabetes in youth may be accurately estimated from baseline prevalence and incidence. Diabetes surveillance could benefit from potential cost savings of this method. PMID: 31383511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - July 12, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tönnies T, Imperatore G, Hoyer A, Saydah SH, D'Agostino RB, Divers J, Isom S, Dabelea D, Lawrence JM, Mayer-Davis EJ, Pihoker C, Dolan L, Brinks R Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Association between immigration status and anxiety, depression, and use of anxiolytic and antidepressant medications in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.
eil S Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between undocumented immigration status and anxiety, depression, and use of anxiolytic or antidepressant medications in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data collected between 2014 and 2017. Participants were categorized as U.S.-born citizens, naturalized citizens, documented noncitizens, or undocumented noncitizens. We calculated prevalence and prevalence ratios for anxiety, depression, and use of anxiolytic or antidepressant medication, by immigration status. RE...
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - July 12, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ross J, Hua S, Perreira KM, Hanna DB, Castañeda SF, Gallo LC, Penedo FJ, Tarraf W, Hernandez R, Vega Potler N, Talavera GA, Daviglus ML, Gonzalez F, Kaplan RC, Smoller-Wassertheil S Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research