COVID-19 fatality rates in hospitalized patients: systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSION: High COVID-19 mortality among general admitted patients and critical care cases should guide resources allocations and economic burden calculations during the pandemics.PMID:33662494 | PMC:PMC7920817 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.012 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - March 4, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ana Macedo Nilza Gon çalves Cl áudia Febra Source Type: research

COVID-19 fatality rates in hospitalized patients: systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSION: High COVID-19 mortality among general admitted patients and critical care cases should guide resources allocations and economic burden calculations during the pandemics.PMID:33662494 | PMC:PMC7920817 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.012 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - March 4, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ana Macedo Nilza Gon çalves Cl áudia Febra Source Type: research

COVID-19 fatality rates in hospitalized patients: systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSION: High COVID-19 mortality among general admitted patients and critical care cases should guide resources allocations and economic burden calculations during the pandemics.PMID:33662494 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.012 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - March 4, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ana Macedo Nilza Gon çalves Cl áudia Febra Source Type: research

Metabolic Syndrome Among New York City (NYC) Adults: Change in Prevalence from 2004 to 2013-2014 using New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
CONCLUSION: Persistent age and racial/ethnic disparities in MetS prevalence in NYC were found in 2004 and 2013-14, with Asian adults and non-Latino Black women at particularly high risk.PMID:33647391 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.014 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - March 1, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Rania Kanchi Sharon E Perlman Bahman Tabaei Mark Schwartz Nadia Islam Claudia Chernov Adeiyewunmi Osinubi Lorna E Thorpe Source Type: research

Metabolic Syndrome Among New York City (NYC) Adults: Change in Prevalence from 2004 to 2013-2014 using New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
CONCLUSION: Persistent age and racial/ethnic disparities in MetS prevalence in NYC were found in 2004 and 2013-14, with Asian adults and non-Latino Black women at particularly high risk.PMID:33647391 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.014 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - March 1, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Rania Kanchi Sharon E Perlman Bahman Tabaei Mark Schwartz Nadia Islam Claudia Chernov Adeiyewunmi Osinubi Lorna E Thorpe Source Type: research

Different Biases in Meta-Analyses of Case-Control and Cohort Studies: An Example from Genomics and Precision Medicine
CONCLUSIONS: These data, from genetic studies, suggest biases are different in meta-analyses of case-control and cohort studies, perhaps due to greater selection bias in case-control studies. These observations have potential importance in the application of meta-analyses to many common and serious diseases, as well as genomics and precision medicine, including OUD.PMID:33640484 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.013 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 28, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Sarah A Palumbo Janet D Robishaw Joanne Krasnoff Charles H Hennekens Source Type: research

High educational attainment redresses the effect of occupational social class on health-related lifestyle: Findings from four Spanish national health surveys
CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of social class, a higher educational attainment redresses the effect of occupational social class on health-related behaviours. Our results suggest that education likely plays a crucial role in population health outcomes through its effects on lifestyle.PMID:33640485 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.010 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 28, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Jes ús García-Mayor Antonio Moreno-Llamas Ernesto De la Cruz-S ánchez Source Type: research

Proximity to the U.S./Mexico Border, Alcohol Outlet Density and Population-Based Sociodemographic Correlates of Spatially Aggregated Violent Crimes in California
In conclusion, several population level characteristics including ethnic composition, community socioeconomic stability, and alcohol availability are associated with violent crime rates. Contrary to public perceptions, violent crime rates increase as distance to the Mexico border increases.PMID:33640486 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.009 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 28, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Raul Caetano Patrice A C Vaeth Paul J Gruenewald William R Ponicki Zoe Kaplan Rachelle Annechino Source Type: research

Different Biases in Meta-Analyses of Case-Control and Cohort Studies: An Example from Genomics and Precision Medicine
CONCLUSIONS: These data, from genetic studies, suggest biases are different in meta-analyses of case-control and cohort studies, perhaps due to greater selection bias in case-control studies. These observations have potential importance in the application of meta-analyses to many common and serious diseases, as well as genomics and precision medicine, including OUD.PMID:33640484 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.013 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 28, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Sarah A Palumbo Janet D Robishaw Joanne Krasnoff Charles H Hennekens Source Type: research

High educational attainment redresses the effect of occupational social class on health-related lifestyle: Findings from four Spanish national health surveys
CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of social class, a higher educational attainment redresses the effect of occupational social class on health-related behaviours. Our results suggest that education likely plays a crucial role in population health outcomes through its effects on lifestyle.PMID:33640485 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.010 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 28, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Jes ús García-Mayor Antonio Moreno-Llamas Ernesto De la Cruz-S ánchez Source Type: research

Proximity to the U.S./Mexico Border, Alcohol Outlet Density and Population-Based Sociodemographic Correlates of Spatially Aggregated Violent Crimes in California
In conclusion, several population level characteristics including ethnic composition, community socioeconomic stability, and alcohol availability are associated with violent crime rates. Contrary to public perceptions, violent crime rates increase as distance to the Mexico border increases.PMID:33640486 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.009 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 28, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Raul Caetano Patrice A C Vaeth Paul J Gruenewald William R Ponicki Zoe Kaplan Rachelle Annechino Source Type: research

Symptom Clusters Predict Risk of Metabolic-Syndrome and Diabetes in Midlife: The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation
CONCLUSIONS: Having multiple concurrent moderate to high intensity physical and psychological symptoms in midlife are associated with early onset of diabetes and MetS. Monitoring and subsequent intervention on a broad range of symptoms in midlife may significantly mitigate cardio-metabolic risk during this critical life stage.PMID:33631313 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.011 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Alexis N Reeves Michael R Elliott Maria M Brooks Carrie A Karvonen-Gutierrez Irina Bondarenko Michelle M Hood Sioban D Harlow Source Type: research

Symptom Clusters Predict Risk of Metabolic-Syndrome and Diabetes in Midlife: The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation
CONCLUSIONS: Having multiple concurrent moderate to high intensity physical and psychological symptoms in midlife are associated with early onset of diabetes and MetS. Monitoring and subsequent intervention on a broad range of symptoms in midlife may significantly mitigate cardio-metabolic risk during this critical life stage.PMID:33631313 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.011 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Alexis N Reeves Michael R Elliott Maria M Brooks Carrie A Karvonen-Gutierrez Irina Bondarenko Michelle M Hood Sioban D Harlow Source Type: research

Symptom Clusters Predict Risk of Metabolic-Syndrome and Diabetes in Midlife: The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation
CONCLUSIONS: Having multiple concurrent moderate to high intensity physical and psychological symptoms in midlife are associated with early onset of diabetes and MetS. Monitoring and subsequent intervention on a broad range of symptoms in midlife may significantly mitigate cardio-metabolic risk during this critical life stage.PMID:33631313 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.011 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Alexis N Reeves Michael R Elliott Maria M Brooks Carrie A Karvonen-Gutierrez Irina Bondarenko Michelle M Hood Sioban D Harlow Source Type: research

Race, Ethnicity, WIC Participation, and Infant Health Disparities in the United States
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal WIC participation is associated with improvements in the health of Black and Hispanic infants and reduced racial and ethnic disparities in infant health outcomes.PMID:33626410 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.005 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 24, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Alexander Testa Dylan B Jackson Source Type: research

Race, Ethnicity, WIC Participation, and Infant Health Disparities in the United States
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal WIC participation is associated with improvements in the health of Black and Hispanic infants and reduced racial and ethnic disparities in infant health outcomes.PMID:33626410 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.005 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 24, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Alexander Testa Dylan B Jackson Source Type: research

An Underappreciated Misclassification Mechanism: Implications of Non-differential Dependent Misclassification of Covariate and Exposure: Dependent covariate exposure misclassification
Ann Epidemiol. 2021 Feb 20:S1047-2797(21)00028-4. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.007. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMisclassification is a pervasive problem in assessing relations between exposures and outcomes. While some attention has been paid to the impact of dependence in measurement error between exposures and outcomes, there is little awareness of the potential impact of dependent error between exposures and covariates, despite the fact that this latter dependency may occur much more frequently, for example, when both are assessed by questionnaire. We explored the impact of non-differential dependent exposure-conf...
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 23, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Alana T Brennan Kelly D Getz Daniel R Brooks Matthew P Fox Source Type: research

Short-term effects of the earned income tax credit on children's physical and mental health
CONCLUSION: While these findings suggest that food insecurity among vulnerable children was reduced immediately after EITC refund receipt, this also means that the EITC may contribute to cyclical food insecurity. Policies to enhance income stability may be one solution to address these findings.PMID:33621630 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.008 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 23, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Akansha Batra Rita Hamad Source Type: research

An Underappreciated Misclassification Mechanism: Implications of Non-differential Dependent Misclassification of Covariate and Exposure: Dependent covariate exposure misclassification
Ann Epidemiol. 2021 Feb 20:S1047-2797(21)00028-4. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.007. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMisclassification is a pervasive problem in assessing relations between exposures and outcomes. While some attention has been paid to the impact of dependence in measurement error between exposures and outcomes, there is little awareness of the potential impact of dependent error between exposures and covariates, despite the fact that this latter dependency may occur much more frequently, for example, when both are assessed by questionnaire. We explored the impact of non-differential dependent exposure-conf...
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 23, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Alana T Brennan Kelly D Getz Daniel R Brooks Matthew P Fox Source Type: research

Short-term effects of the earned income tax credit on children's physical and mental health
CONCLUSION: While these findings suggest that food insecurity among vulnerable children was reduced immediately after EITC refund receipt, this also means that the EITC may contribute to cyclical food insecurity. Policies to enhance income stability may be one solution to address these findings.PMID:33621630 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.008 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 23, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Akansha Batra Rita Hamad Source Type: research

The Association Between Neighborhood Quality, Youth Physical Fitness, and Modifiable Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors
CONCLUSIONS: COI indicators were positively associated with youth fitness. Disparities in youth cardiovascular disease risk may be modifiable through community interventions and built environment initiatives targeting select neighborhood factors.PMID:33596444 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.004 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 17, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Hiwot Zewdie Amy Y Zhao Hersila H Patel Eric Hansen Sarah E Messiah Sarah C Armstrong Asheley C Skinner Cody D Neshteruk J Aaron Hipp Emily M D'Agostino Source Type: research

The effect of gestational diabetes mellitus on the risk of asthma in offspring
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that gestational diabetes mellitus increases the risk of asthma in the offspring.PMID:33596445 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.003 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 17, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Sharifa Nasreen Piotr Wilk Tara Mullowney Igor Karp Source Type: research

Differences in rapid increases in county-level COVID-19 incidence by implementation of statewide closures and mask mandates - United States, June 1-September 30, 2020
CONCLUSIONS: These results underscore the potential value of community mitigation strategies in limiting the COVID-19 spread, especially in nonmetropolitan areas.PMID:33596446 | PMC:PMC7882220 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.006 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 17, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Sharoda Dasgupta Ahmed M Kassem Gregory Sunshine Tiebin Liu Charles Rose Gloria Kang Rachel Silver Brandy L Peterson Maddox Christina Watson Mara Howard-Williams Maxim Gakh Russell McCord Regen Weber Kelly Fletcher Trieste Musial Michael A Tynan Rachel Hu Source Type: research

Bacterial sexually transmitted infection testing and diagnoses among men who have sex with men and report prescription opioid misuse - American Men's Internet Survey, 2017-2018
CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of self-reported bacterial STD testing in this sample was low and one-third of tested MSM reported ≥ 1 bacterial STD in the past 12 months. Innovative approaches to identify MSM who misuse prescription opioids and expand bacterial STD testing in this population are needed.PMID:33596447 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.02.002 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 17, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Winston E Abara Maria Zlotorzynska Robert D Kirkcaldy Travis Sanchez Source Type: research

Cumulative Employment Intensity and Complexity across the Life Course and Cognitive Function in Later Life among European Women and Men
CONCLUSIONS: This paper provides novel evidence that older-age cognitive functioning is associated with cumulative exposure to both employment intensity and complexity, but that these relationships vary by sex.PMID:33582279 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.01.006 (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 14, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Karra Greenberg Sarah Burgard Source Type: research

The Association Between Neighborhood Quality, Youth Physical Fitness, and Modifiable Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors.
CONCLUSIONS: COI indicators were positively associated with youth fitness. Disparities in youth cardiovascular disease risk may be modifiable through community interventions and built environment initiatives targeting select neighborhood factors. PMID: 33596444 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 14, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Zewdie H, Zhao AY, Patel HH, Hansen E, Messiah SE, Armstrong SC, Skinner AC, Neshteruk CD, Hipp JA, D'Agostino EM Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

The effect of gestational diabetes mellitus on the risk of asthma in offspring.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that gestational diabetes mellitus increases the risk of asthma in the offspring. PMID: 33596445 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 14, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Nasreen S, Wilk P, Mullowney T, Karp I Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Differences in rapid increases in county-level COVID-19 incidence by implementation of statewide closures and mask mandates - United States, June 1-September 30, 2020.
CONCLUSIONS: These results underscore the potential value of community mitigation strategies in limiting the COVID-19 spread, especially in nonmetropolitan areas. PMID: 33596446 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 14, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Dasgupta S, Kassem AM, Sunshine G, Liu T, Rose C, Kang G, Silver R, Maddox BLP, Watson C, Howard-Williams M, Gakh M, McCord R, Weber R, Fletcher K, Musial T, Tynan MA, Hulkower R, Moreland A, Pepin D, Landsman L, Brown A, Gilchrist S, Clodfelter C, Willia Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Bacterial sexually transmitted infection testing and diagnoses among men who have sex with men and report prescription opioid misuse - American Men's Internet Survey, 2017-2018.
CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of self-reported bacterial STD testing in this sample was low and one-third of tested MSM reported ≥ 1 bacterial STD in the past 12 months. Innovative approaches to identify MSM who misuse prescription opioids and expand bacterial STD testing in this population are needed. PMID: 33596447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 14, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Abara WE, Zlotorzynska M, Kirkcaldy RD, Sanchez T Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Cumulative Employment Intensity and Complexity across the Life Course and Cognitive Function in Later Life among European Women and Men.
CONCLUSIONS: This paper provides novel evidence that older-age cognitive functioning is associated with cumulative exposure to both employment intensity and complexity, but that these relationships vary by sex. PMID: 33582279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 11, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Greenberg K, Burgard S Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Cause-Specific Mortality Risks Among U.S. Veterans: 25 Years After Their Service in the 1990-1991 Gulf War.
CONCLUSION: There was no increased risk of disease mortality among Veterans of the 1990-1991 Gulf War. Both deployed and non-deployed female Veterans had increased risks of suicide compared to US female population. PMID: 33581241 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 10, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Bullman T, Schneiderman A, Dursa E Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Explosive Ordnance Disposal Personnel in the U.S. Military Have Higher Risk of Insomnia and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Large Retrospective Cohort Study.
Abstract We conducted a retrospective cohort study of the risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), affective disorders, alcohol/substance-related disorders, traumatic brain injury (TBI) and insomnia, among explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) technicians in the U.S. military compared to the general U.S. military population. Administrative and healthcare utilization data from fiscal year 2004 (FY2004) to FY2015 was used for this comparison. We used propensity score matching to balance baseline covariates, and discrete-time hazard models to compare the odds of occurrence of other outcomes. EOD personnel had higher...
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 10, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Otto JL, Smolenski DJ, Stewart L, Workman DE, Kincaid M, Belsher BE, Bush N, Evatt DP Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Neighborhood archetypes and breast cancer survival in California.
CONCLUSIONS: By describing neighborhood archetypes that differentiate survival following breast cancer diagnosis, the study provides direction for policy and clinical practice addressing contextually-rooted social determinants of health including SES, unhealthy food environments, and greenspace. PMID: 33577928 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - February 9, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Shariff-Marco S, DeRouen MC, Yang J, Jain J, Nelson DO, Weden MM, Gomez SL Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Epidemiologic Patterns of COVID-19 Incidence in the Province of Lima.
jardo W, Pinto JA PMID: 33413888 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - January 10, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Rentería ER, Céspedes P, Cerna K, Morante Z, Bazán E, Ausejo J, Fajardo W, Pinto JA Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Effects of graduating during economic downturns on mental health.
CONCLUSIONS: Policies should consider the psychological effect of graduating during recessions and focus particularly on vulnerable groups who are susceptible to adverse labour market conditions, such as graduates who are in cyclically sensitive occupations, and have less or no work benefits and social protection. PMID: 33359536 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 22, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Li A, Toll M Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Using Factor Analyses to Estimate the Number of Female Sex Workers across Malawi from Multiple Regional Sources.
DISCUSSION: We illustrate how size estimates from different data sources may be combined for prediction. Applying this approach to other sub-populations in Malawi and to countries where size estimate data are lacking can ultimately inform national modeling processes and estimate the distribution of risks and priorities for HIV prevention and treatment programs. PMID: 33340655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 16, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Niu XM, Rao A, Chen D, Sheng B, Weir S, Umar E, Trapence G, Jumbe V, Kamba D, Rucinski K, Viswasam N, Bao L, Baral S Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Urinary albumin to creatinine ratio within normal range and all-cause or cardiovascular mortality among U.S. adults 1999-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Elevated UACR within normal range was associated with higher all-cause and cardiovascular mortality risk across almost all subgroups including participants without comorbidities. Our findings suggest the importance of the early detection of albuminuria and careful evaluation of UACR even within normal range to reduce mortality risk. PMID: 33338645 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 15, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Inoue K, Streja E, Tsujimoto T, Kobayashi H Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Veterans Receiving Care at Veterans Health Administration Facilities.
Abstract PURPOSE: Veterans represent a significant proportion of the USA population (7%), and the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in this group of vulnerable patients has been largely overlooked. This analysis reports COVID-19 patient demographics, infection, mortality, and case-fatality rates in the veteran population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis using the VA informatics and computing infrastructure tool to assess the veterans' COVID-19 infections at the Veterans Affairs facilities from March 4th to June 23rd, 2020. RESULTS: Of the 10,621,580 veterans in this analysis, ...
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 15, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Luo J, Jeyapalina S, Stoddard GJ, Kwok AC, Agarwal JP Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Trends in Prescribing Patterns of Proton Pump Inhibitors Surrounding New Guidelines.
PMID: 33338647 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 15, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Abrahami D, McDonald EG, Schnitzer M, Azoulay L Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Neighborhood Characteristics and Ideal Cardiovascular Health Among Black Adults: Results From the Morehouse-Emory Cardiovascular (MECA) Center for Health Equity.
CONCLUSION: More desirable neighborhood characteristics, particularly social cohesion and activity with neighbors, were associated with better CVH among Black adults. PMID: 33285258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 4, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Islam SJ, Kim JH, Baltrus P, Topel ML, Liu C, Ko YA, Mujahid MS, Vaccarino V, Sims M, Mubasher M, Khan A, Ejaz K, Searles C, Dunbar S, Pemu P, Taylor HA, Quyyumi AA, Lewis TT Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Measures of Depression and Incident Type 2 Diabetes in a Community Sample.
CONCLUSION: Various measures of depression and combinations of measures can be used to identify older adults at higher risk of Type 2 diabetes in research and public health. PMID: 33285259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 4, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Graham E, Deschênes SS, Rosella L, Schmitz N Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Measuring small-area violent crime: A comparison of observed vs model-estimated crime rates and preterm birth.
CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that model-estimated crime rates are not reliable proxies for crime in an urban area even when appropriate confounders are adjusted for. PMID: 33285260 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - December 4, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Gobaud AN, Kramer M, Stearns ER, Haley DF Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Prevalence and Mortality in Children with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: A Multi-Country Study.
CONCLUSION: The mortality of CDH has decreased over time. Mortality remains high during the first week and varied by registry type. PMID: 33253899 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - November 27, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Politis MD, Bermejo-Sánchez E, Canfield MA, Contiero P, Cragan JD, Dastgiri S, de Walle HE, Feldkamp ML, Nance A, Groisman B, Gatt M, Benavides-Lara A, Hurtado-Villa P, Kallén K, Landau D, Lelong N, Lopez-Camelo J, Martinez L, Morgan M, Mutchinick OM, P Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Leveraging Epidemiological Principles to Evaluate Sweden's COVID-19 Response.
PMID: 33242596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - November 23, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Baral S, Chandler R, Prieto RG, Gupta S, Mishra S, Kulldorff M Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Comparing prevalence estimates of concussion/head injury in U.S. children and adolescents in national surveys.
CONCLUSIONS: Although there are methodological differences in capturing pediatric LCHI across surveys, the prevalence estimates and correlational associations generated can offer awareness about the burden of these injuries and insights to research and clinical care. PMID: 33227432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - November 20, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Haarbauer-Krupa J, Lebrun-Harris LA, Black LI, Veliz P, Daugherty J, Desrocher R, Schulenberg J, Pilkey D, Breiding M Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Uncertainty Quantification of Years of Potential Life Lost-Based Estimates from Mortality Data Summarized as Death Counts Within Age Intervals.
PMID: 33220436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - November 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Xu JJ, Belin TR, Ramirez CM Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Smoking cessation potential among newly diagnosed cancer patients: a population-based study of the ten most common cancers in Massachusetts, USA, 2008-2013.
CONCLUSIONS: Smoking remains high among cancer patients. More widespread adoption of smoking cessation programs among cancer patients may play a substantial role in improving cancer morbidity and mortality. PMID: 33189878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - November 12, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Stang A, Knowlton R, Rekowski J, Gershman ST, Galea S Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

COVID-19 mortality and neighborhood characteristics in Chicago.
CONCLUSIONS: We describe communities that may benefit from supportive services, and identify traits of communities that may benefit from targeted campaigns for prevention and testing to prevent future deaths from COVID-19. PMID: 33181262 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - November 9, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Bryan MS, Sun J, Jagai J, Horton DE, Montgomery A, Sargis R, Argos M Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Incorporating Patient Reporting Patterns to Evaluate Spatially Targeted TB Interventions.
CONCLUSION: Movement of individuals seeking TB diagnoses may substantially affect ward-level TB transmission. Better understanding of patient reporting patterns can improve estimates of the impact of targeted interventions in reducing TB incidence. Incorporating high-quality patient-level data is critical to optimizing TB interventions. PMID: 33166716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - November 6, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Gomes I, Reja M, Shrestha S, Pennington J, Jo Y, Baik Y, Islam S, Khan AH, Faisel AJ, Cordon O, Roy T, Suarez P, Hussain H, Dowdy D Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

The Role of Public Health Versus Invasive Coronary Interventions in the Decline of Coronary Heart Disease Mortality.
Abstract There has been considerable debate on the extent to which the decline in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality has been caused by better control of coronary risk factors in the general population or is the result of invasive coronary interventions in symptomatic individuals. Using the Myocardial Infarction Data Acquisition System (MIDAS), a statewide database of all cardiovascular hospital admissions in New Jersey, we examined time trends in incidence of death from CHD in the years 2000 to 2014 in persons with a history of hospitalization for CHD in the previous 10 years and those without such a history....
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - November 2, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tuppo EE, Trivedi MP, Kostis JB, Daevmer J, Cabrera J, Kostis WJ, Myocardial Infarction Data Acquisition System (MIDAS 38) Study Group Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research