Anesthetic management of a patient presenting with huge neck lymphatic cyst
Neeta Santha, Preethi Dhamotharan, Sheikh Gulam OsmaniAnnals of African Medicine 2021 20(4):313-315 Lymphatic cyst in the cervical region presents a great challenge to the anesthesiologist. The anesthetic difficulties are because of the extension of the cyst, difficult airway, postoperative respiratory obstruction, and coexisting anomalies. The management of such patients depends on direct communication between the surgeon and anesthesiologist. We hereby present a case of a 53-year-old male presenting with lymphatic cyst of the cervicothoracic region with dysphagia and dyspnea, posted for direct laryngoscopy and biopsy un...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Neeta Santha Preethi Dhamotharan Sheikh Gulam Osmani Source Type: research

Laparoscopic appendicectomy in a postpneumonectomy patient
We present a case of 30-year-old patient who had undergone pneumonectomy and was posted for laparoscopic appendicectomy. General anesthesia was instituted, and with some modifications in ventilation, the procedure was uneventful and we were able to extubate the patient on the table. Understanding of the physiological consequences of pneumonectomy facilitated the provision of safe anesthesia. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Neeta Santha Lekshmipriya Govind Shilpa Naik Source Type: research

Solitary peutz & #8211;jeghers type hamartoma in a Nigerian: A case report of a rare finding and review of literature
Conclusion: The case here presented is truly rare as a review of the scientific literature appears, to the best of our knowledge, not to contain such a unique presentation from our locality nor indeed from among Black Africans. We conducted a review of the literature and wished to highlight the evolving concept that solitary P-J polyps be considered a distinct disease entity when it appears in the absence of other features of the syndrome complex. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Aderemi O Oluyemi Emuobor A Odeghe Nicholas A Awolola Source Type: research

Influence of seasonal changes on asthma exacerbation in a sudan savanna region: An analysis of 87 cases
Conclusion: This study shows that asthma exacerbation is most frequent during the harmattan season and low temperature is associated with its exacerbation. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Aminu Abbas Juliana U Okpapi Chibueze H Njoku Abdallah A Abba Simeon A Isezuo Isah M Danasabe Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors for hepatitis c virus co-infection among human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients and effect of hepatitis c virus infection on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome cases at baseline
Conclusion: Moderately high prevalence of HIV/HCV co-infection was observed in the current study. HCV co-infection had no effect on AIDS status at baseline. There is a need for routine screening of HCV infection in HIV-infected individuals. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Abdulmumini Yakubu Bello Hali Abubakar Sadiq Maiyaki Source Type: research

Selfie-driven thyroid disease leads: A study on a unique sign and its utility in clinical practice
Conclusions: Although selfie is considered a modern-day lifestyle-induced psychiatric illness, it can inadvertently help in picking up thyroid diseases in earlier stages. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Ramakanth Bhargav Panchangam Sunil Kumar Kota Sabaretnam Mayilvaganan Source Type: research

Body mass index and its association with various features of migraine: A cross-sectional study from Saudi Arabia
Conclusion: In our study, we did not find an association between BMI and various features of migraine. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Danah Aljaafari Noman Ishaque Ghadeer Al-Shabeeb Sukainah Alalwi Aishah Albakr Osama Basheir Reem A Alyoubi Fahd Alkhamis Majed Alabdali Source Type: research

Family support and medication adherence among adult type 2 diabetes: Any meeting point ?
Conclusion: Family support improves medication adherence and glycemic control. Physicians should explore patients' family support system to improve medication adherence level and better management outcome of chronic diseases especially T2DM. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Olanrewaju Joel Olagbemide Olusegun Emmanuel Omosanya Abayomi Olusola Ayodapo Segun Matthew Agboola Adedayo Olutunji Adeagbo Taiwo Adebayo Olukokun Source Type: research

Visual Outcome of Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Injections at the University College Hospital, Ibadan
Conclusion: Visual acuity gain was recorded in patients who had intravitreal anti-VEGF injections in 1 year. It is recommended that patients should have more than one injection. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Tunji Sunday Oluleye Yewande Olubunmi Babalola Oluwole Majekodunmi Modupe Ijaduola Adeyemi Timothy Adewole Source Type: research

Progress of labor and obstetric outcome in parturients with combined spinal & #8211;epidural analgesia for labor: A comparative study
Conclusion: CSE analgesia did not affect the duration of labour, mode of delivery with minimal fetomaternal adverse effects and provides rapid onset of pain relief . CSE analgesia can be considered for safe and effective labour analgesia. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Mamatha Shivanagappa Girish Bandigowdanahalli Kumararadhya Srinivas Hebbal Thammaiah Akshay Hiruyur Manjunatha Swamy Nagashree Suhas Source Type: research

Prevalence of congenital heart disease among patients with down syndrome in Southwestern Saudi Arabia
Conclusion: The prevalence of CHD in the study group was consistent with reports from other regions of Saudi Arabia and globally. Participants' sex was not associated with the occurrence of CHD in DS patients in this study. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Magaji Garba Taura Abdullah Mohammed Alshahrani Dhafer Obeid Alqahtani Source Type: research

Menstrual characteristics of sickle cell disease patients seen at a tertiary institution in North Western Nigeria
Conclusion: The mean age at menarche was high at 15.6 years. Most respondents had light menstrual flow and overall abnormal menstrual patterns. Menstrual pain was common but was not significantly associated with the frequency of crisis. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Amina Mohammed-Durosinlorun Halima Bello-Manga Joel Adze Ifeoma P Ijei Bature Stephen Source Type: research

The need and art of establishing skill and simulation centers to strengthen skill-based medical education: Learning insights and experience
Conclusion: It was possible to establish a comprehensive skill and simulation center and achieve best practices in medical education by optimal investment in infrastructure and improving the available human resources. Detailed planning is required, across a variety of domains. We hope our experiences shared in this article will help other medical colleges and hospitals across the region, both nationally and globally, toward establishing similar educational facilities. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 3, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: S Archana Sathish Raju Nilakantam Basavanagowdappa Hathur Melanahalli Dayananda Source Type: research

Erratum: Perception to hydroxyurea therapy in patients with sickle cell disease: Report from 3 centers
Annals of African Medicine 2021 20(3):245-251 (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Platelet-rich fibrin for root coverage: A plausible approach in periodontal plastic and esthetic surgery
Anuj Singh Parihar, Sumit Narang, Shivani Dwivedi, Anu Narang, Sweta SoniAnnals of African Medicine 2021 20(3):241-244 Predictable esthetic root coverage has evolved into conventional treatment modalities making cosmetic procedures an integral part of periodontal treatment. The advent of second-generation platelet concentrates, i.e., platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), has broad clinical application in medical as well as dental field with its recent use for recession defects. The simplicity of PRF procurement and its low cost makes it most suitable for use in daily clinical practice. This particular case report foregrounds the be...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Anuj Singh Parihar Sumit Narang Shivani Dwivedi Anu Narang Sweta Soni Source Type: research

Rehabilitation protocol after osteotomy of the tibia and varus femur - Case study
Sebastião SantosAnnals of African Medicine 2021 20(3):235-240 The knee rehabilitation in the aquatic environment has been used to start the rehabilitation of the lower limb earlier and improve joint movements, as it reduces pain and allows for earlier weight loading . The aim of the study was to develop and describe the effects of a therapeutic exercise program in an aquatic environment, in a clinical case of osteotomy of the tibia and the varus femur. A 15-year-old girl, submitted to an osteotomy of the tibia and the varus femur, completed a therapeutic exercise program in aquatic environment for a total of 30 ses...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Sebasti ã o Santos Source Type: research

Fiber-optic-assisted endotracheal intubation complicated by iatrogenic right main bronchus obstruction
Sanjay Kumar, Vaishali Waindeskar, Deepti AggrawalAnnals of African Medicine 2021 20(3):232-234 Several aids have been designed for helping anesthetist in managing the difficult airway. Oral carcinomas often distort the airway anatomy and present as difficult airway usually with restricted mouth opening. In these scenarios, elective nasotracheal intubation with fiberoptic is done to secure the airway as well as to provide the full surgical field to the surgeon. Vertically split nasopharyngeal airway is one of the popular aids used as a conduit to pass fiber-optic bronchoscope. Timely removal of the split nasopharyngeal ai...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Sanjay Kumar Vaishali Waindeskar Deepti Aggrawal Source Type: research

A rare case report of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor involving both the small bowel and large bowel
We present this unique and rare case of metastatic MPNST of the small and large bowel with bone, pulmonary, liver, and splenic metastases. The patient subsequently developed hemorrhagic brain metastases and died 6 months after THE initial diagnosis. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Nazia Khan Irma Hashmi Liana Atallah Hamid Shaaban Gunwant Guron Andre Fedida Source Type: research

Diabetes-related knowledge, attitude, and practice among outpatients of a tertiary hospital in North-western Nigeria
Conclusion: The study has demonstrated poor diabetes-related KAP. The patient's level of education and income plays a major role in the management of diabetes. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Fakhraddeen Yahya Muhammad Garba Iliyasu Andrew E Uloko Ibrahim D Gezawa Enikuomehin Adenike Christiana Source Type: research

Cervical cytopathological changes in pregnancy: An experience from a low resource setting
Conclusion: Advanced maternal age, increasing number of sexual partners, high parity, and positive HIV status stood out to be independent predictors of premalignant lesions of the cervix in the study. Routine cervical cytology screening using LBC should be offered to all antenatal clients in our setting to increase coverage and detection rate of preinvasive lesions of the cervix, and/or pregnant women with increased risk of abnormal cervical cytology from this study. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Fatima Abubakar Rasheed Ibrahim Adamu Yakasai Idris Usman Takai Ibrahim Yusuf Usman Muhammad Ibrahim Source Type: research

Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in diabetic patients
Conclusions: OSA has a high prevalence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients with type 2 diabetes should be screened for OSA, even in the absence of symptoms, especially in individuals with higher waist circumference and BMI. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Ankita Singh Shyam Chand Chaudhary Kamlesh K Gupta Kamal K Sawlani Abhishek Singh Abhishek B Singh Ajay K Verma Source Type: research

Quality improvement project to assess patient satisfaction towards outpatient services of a tertiary care teaching hospital, South India & #8211; A cross-sectional study
Conclusion: Patient satisfaction survey may be a good audit tool and it should be used to improve the standard of services. According to the patient's opinion, the study showed good satisfaction with respect to reception and registration services, physical facilities, doctor's services, nursing services, laboratory services, and pharmacy services. Few deficient areas are identified in terms of service delivery and the same will be bridged as early as possible to achieve universal patient satisfaction. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Sathish Raju Nilakantam B Madhu MC Prasad M Dayananda Hathur Basavanagowdappa Jayati Bahuguna Jagiri Narotham Rao Source Type: research

The relationship between body weight and dietary habits with respect to the timing of puberty among saudi children and adolescents
Conclusion: Efforts should be directed to increase public and community awareness that fast food consumption, inorganic poultry, and higher body weight are important modifiable factors that lead to an earlier onset of female puberty across different parameters: breast development, adrenarche, and menstruation. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Mashael AbdulAziz Shahatah Alaa Mubarak Jadkarim Revan Zeiny Banjar Yousof O Kabli Asmaa A Milyani Abdulmoein E Al-Agha Source Type: research

Tuberculosis stigma: Assessing tuberculosis knowledge, attitude and preventive practices in surulere, Lagos, Nigeria
Conclusions: Most participants were aware of TB, although knowledge, attitude, and practice levels were poor. Knowledge was found to reduce TB stigma, reinforcing the need for improved community literacy regrading TB. This has the potential to influence health-seeking behavior and promote better TB prevention, detection, and treatment outcomes. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Salamah Abimbola Junaid Oluchi Joan Kanma-Okafor Tolulope Florence Olufunlayo Babatunde A Odugbemi Obianuju Beatrice Ozoh Source Type: research

Perspectives of buruli ulcer patients toward informed consent & #8211; An insight from Nigeria
Conclusion: The present study provides evidence that majority of the respondents were positively inclined to give consent to use of their data by a third party. However, intrusion into privacy and anonymity were major concerns for the respondents. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Ijeoma Angela Meka Okezie Obasi Kanu Kenneth O Adagba Jonah Offor Nwamaka R Emodi Adebola O Iseoluwa-Adelokiki Anthony O Meka Source Type: research

Feeding behavior among health-care workers in a tertiary health institution Southeast Nigeria
Conclusion: The health-care workers in the tertiary health institution in southeast Nigeria have inadequate feeding behavior. They should join in the global call and awareness on healthy feeding behavior to prevent and reduce the burden of noncommunicable diseases. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Ugochukwu Uzodimma Nnadozie Nwabumma Cynthia Asouzu Nonso Christian Asouzu Emelie Moris Anekwu N Okwudiri K. Obayi Charles Chidiebele Maduba Adaobi Esther Anamazobi Christian Chidebe Anikwe Ikenna Bede Nnolim Adaobi Azuka Nnadozie Source Type: research

Postoperative clinicoradiological outcome of pott & #39;s spine
Conclusion: Surgical intervention in Pott's spine with posterior decompression and stabilization, whenever indicated, gives good improvement in pain, decreases kyphotic deformity, and in most cases, also improves neurology. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Pranav Charde Nitin Samal Mahendra Gudhe Sohael Khan Source Type: research

Public health ethics and the COVID-19 pandemic
Alhaji A AliyuAnnals of African Medicine 2021 20(3):157-163 Health is a human right anchored in values as a basic necessity of life. It promotes the well-being of persons, communities, economic prosperity, and national development. The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caught the world unaware and unprepared. It presented a huge challenge to the health and economic systems of every country. Across the spectrum of human endeavor and liberty, several ethical questions have been raised with regard to its management, particularly the public health control measures. Decisions for pandemic control measures are made u...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - September 17, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Alhaji A Aliyu Source Type: research

Effect of 3-month therapy with empagliflozin on ambulatory blood pressure and arterial stiffness in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Athanasia K Papazafiropoulou, Louisa Mpoumi, Styliani Papantoniou, Maria Rallatou, Stavros Antonopoulos, Andreas MelidonisAnnals of African Medicine 2021 20(2):154-155 (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Athanasia K Papazafiropoulou Louisa Mpoumi Styliani Papantoniou Maria Rallatou Stavros Antonopoulos Andreas Melidonis Source Type: research

Mediastinal parathyroid adenoma removal by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery
We report two cases of mediastinal parathyroid adenoma. Functioning parathyroid lesion was localized with the help of nuclear single-photon emission computed tomography scan in both the patients. Video assisted thoracoscopic surgical (VATS) removal of the parathyroid lesions were done. Intraoperative confirmation of parathyroid adenoma was done by frozen section. Further confirmation was done by routine histopathological examination of specimen postoperatively. One patient had left vocal cord paralysis postoperatively. Localization by functional imaging is essential. Minimally invasive methods such as VATS are useful in re...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Mohammed Shafi Abdulsalam Sivagnanasundaram Devanayagam Rajan Santosham Vijaya Ganapathy Maya Menon Shelley Simon Source Type: research

Panhypopituitarism in acute myocardial infarction
Ritwik Ghosh, Subhankar Chatterjee, Devlina Roy, Souvik Dubey, Carl J LavieAnnals of African Medicine 2021 20(2):145-149 While hypopituitarism is known to be associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, panhypopituitarism as a complication of myocardial infarction (MI) is very rare. Here, we report a case of rapidly developing empty sella syndrome with florid manifestations of panhypopituitarism after MI (due to critical stenosis in the left anterior descending artery) complicated by cardiogenic shock in a 65-year-old man. The patient was initially stabilized with conservative management of non-ST-ele...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Ritwik Ghosh Subhankar Chatterjee Devlina Roy Souvik Dubey Carl J Lavie Source Type: research

Esike & #39;s three-brace suture technique for controlling life-threatening postpartum hemorrhage & #8211; A report of two cases
Chidi Ochu Uzoma EsikeAnnals of African Medicine 2021 20(2):141-144 Postpartum hemorrhage is a great cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide with these effects being worse in developing countries. Uterine atony is the commonest cause. Esike's three brace suture technique is a novel simple but effective method that was used to successfully control life-threatening postpartum hemorrhage due to uterine atony in two women with the preservation of their uterus. Vicryl or chromic catgut 2 was used to apply compression sutures on the atonic uterus. This simple, effective, less invasive, easy to learn uterine-spar...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Chidi Ochu Uzoma Esike Source Type: research

Restrictive cardiomyopathy: A rare presentation of gaucher disease
Soumi Kundu, Malay Kumar Dasgupta, Biswajit Majumder, Sayan PradhanAnnals of African Medicine 2021 20(2):138-140 Restrictive cardiomyopathy is an unusual form of cardiomyopathy accounting only for 2%–5% of all pediatric cardiomyopathies. It is mostly idiopathic. Gaucher disease in association with restrictive cardiomyopathy is extremely rare. We herein report a case of cardiac failure in an 8-year-old male child caused by restrictive cardiomyopathy. Pathogenesis of which was attributed to Gaucher disease. In any case of restrictive cardiomyopathy, Gaucher disease should be included in differential diagnosis ...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Soumi Kundu Malay Kumar Dasgupta Biswajit Majumder Sayan Pradhan Source Type: research

Assessment of health-related quality of life of vesicovaginal fistula patients attending a repair center in Northwest Nigeria
Conclusion: Older study participants had higher mean scores for physical and psychological domains, while younger study participants had higher overall QoL and general health scores compared with older study participants. Future research should compare the pre and postoperative QoL of women who undergo repair of obstetric fistula. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Mansur O Raji Ismail Abdullateef Raji Mairo Hassan Hadija Olaide Raji Abubakar Mohammad Bashir Ismail Nazrill Suleiman Hauwa Ummi Abubakar Source Type: research

Perception to hydroxyurea therapy in patients with sickle cell disease: Report from 3 centers
Conclusion: The findings from this study suggest that HU is beneficial for patients with SCD; however, the awareness of this medication among SCD patients is still low in our environment. Some SCD patients would decline the use of HU due to perceived side effects. We recommend that more awareness on HU be created and coordinated multi-center studies on the efficacy of HU in the Nigerian population be carried out. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Kaladada I Korubo Nkemsinachi Maryanne Onodingene Helen Chioma Okoye Hannah E Omunakwe Source Type: research

Public & #8211;private partnership in hemodialysis in Nigeria: A comparative analysis of renal centers across three Northwestern states
Conclusion: PPP has improved the availability of dialysis service, mean duration on dialysis, and mean number of dialysis sessions but did not improve the kidney transplant referral rate at SHS. There is a need to encourage the current arrangement in the Hospital as well as other centers offering similar partnerships. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Hamidu Muhammad Liman Aminu Muhammad Sakajiki Muhammad Aliyu Makusidi Ibrahim Babatunde Isah Faruk Umar Ahmed Muazu Galadima Samaila Musa Yeldu Bello Magaji Arkilla Source Type: research

An in vitro evaluation of tensile bond strength of soft liners bonded to different denture base resins
Conclusion: Perma soft had a better bond strength compared to Pro-soft denture liner in bonding modified denture base and conventional resins. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Sangram Kumar Panda Naveen Reddy Litto Manual Chethana Krishna Kyatsandra Narasimhaiah Jagadeesh K Saidath Prashant Babaji Source Type: research

Clinical screening for menorrhagia and other bleeding symptoms in Nigerian women
Conclusion: The prevalence of perceived bleeding symptoms among women is high, and HMB is the most common bleeding symptom. This clinical screening tool is easy and cost-effective in routinely identifying women with bleeding symptoms needing further hemostatic and obstetrics evaluation. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Theresa Ukamaka Nwagha Helen Chioma Okoye Angela Ogechukwu Ugwu Emmanuel Onyebuchi Ugwu Source Type: research

Fournier & #39;s gangrene: Presentation and predictors of mortality in Zaria, Nigeria
Conclusion: Fournier's gangrene is a disease of the older men with a higher mortality rate when the FGSI is >9 or anemia requiring blood transfusion is present. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Nasir Oyelowo Muhammed Ahmed Ahmad Tijani Lawal Abdullahi Sudi Awaisu Mudi Musliu Adetola Tolani Lovely Fidelis Ahmad Bello Husseini Yusuf Maitama Source Type: research

Assessment of breastfeeding techniques in Enugu, South-East Nigeria
Conclusion: There are suboptimal breastfeeding techniques among mothers. Increased awareness creation and regular demonstration of breastfeeding techniques are needed. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Obinna C Nduagubam Ikenna K Ndu Adaobi Bisi-Onyemaechi Vivian Ozoemena Onukwuli Ogechukwu F Amadi Ifeyinwa B Okeke Francis N Ogbuka Osita U Ezenwosu Chukwunonso C Iheji Source Type: research

Screening for chronic kidney disease in an urban population in Nigeria
Conclusion: Prevalence of kidney disease in an urban population in Nigeria is high. The risk factors were hypertension, increasing age, male sex, and obesity. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Umezurike Hughes Okafor Obianuju Ogbobe Nkem Ugwu Chidinma Nebo Promise Asogwa Source Type: research

Obesity in patients with hypertension attending a medical outpatient clinic in a tertiary health facility in Enugu, Southeast Nigeria
Conclusion: Overweight and obesity are common among patients with hypertension as demonstrated in this study. There is need to set up an aspect of health education which specifically sensitizes the public against the untoward consequences of overweight and obesity. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Ijoma Uchenna Nkemdilim Birinus Adikaibe Ezeala-Adikaibe Onodugo Obinna Donatus Okoye Innocent Nwazor Ernest Mbadiwe Nkeiruka Orah-Okpala Chidimma Onodugo Nkiru Pauline Anyim Obumneme Benneth Source Type: research

Clinical profile of patients with diabetes mellitus in gusau, Northwestern, Nigeria
Conclusion: Only 20% of our patients achieved good glycemic control and many have complications. Majority of the patients adhered more with medications as compared to dietary management and exercise. There is a need for clinicians to educate patients more on the need for lifestyle modifications. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Kabiru Bello Sada AA Sabir AM Sakajiki MT Umar U Abdullahi YA Sikiru Source Type: research

Effects of alternate nostril breathing exercise on cardiorespiratory functions in healthy young adults
Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that cardiorespiratory functions were improved after breathing exercise, and therefore, ANB can be recommended for increasing cardiorespiratory efficiency. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Iffat Jahan Momtaz Begum Shahin Akhter Md Zakirul Islam Nusrat Jahan Nandeeta Samad Pranta Das Nor Azlina A. Rahman Mainul Haque Source Type: research

Magnesium status in patients with Type 2 diabetes (about 170 cases)
Houda Salhi, Hanan El OuahabiAnnals of African Medicine 2021 20(1):64-68 Magnesium (Mg) is an extremely important mineral. It plays major roles in physiological activities of the body. Lower intake of Mg and low-serum Mg concentrations are associated with metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and Type-2 diabetes. Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the association between concentration levels of serum Mg and common complications and co morbidities of diabetes mellitus and other biochemical indices. It is a case control study conducted in our department of endocrinology in Hassan II University Hospital of Fez from J...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - March 13, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Houda Salhi Hanan El Ouahabi Source Type: research

Assessment of renal function using cystatin C and creatinine in Saudi patients after transplantation
Conclusion: The cystatin C level was statistically significantly higher after 5 years of transplantation. It is a better parameter to rule out renal dysfunction after transplantation. Résumé Une évaluation rapide et précise de la fonction rénale chez les patients après une transplantation est de la plus importance. Le but de cette étude était de comparer les relations de la créatinine et de la cystatine C sérique avec un taux de filtration glomérulaire estimé (DFG) chez des patients saoudiens transplantés rénaux après une certaine période de ...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - March 13, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: M Jeraiby Source Type: research

Outcome of mammography examination in asymptomatic women
Conclusion: In this study, screening of women reveals various benign and malignant breast pathologies which necessitate early interventions. Résumé Contexte: La détection précoce du cancer du sein est importante pour réduire la mortalité, la morbidité et le fardeau socioéconomique élevé qui en découlent. La mammographie est actuellement la principale modalité d'imagerie utilisée comme outil de dépistage pour détecter le cancer du sein précoce chez les femmes qui ne présentent aucun symptôme, car la maladie est facilement curable...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - March 13, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Hadijat Oluseyi Kolade-Yunusa Ukamaka Dorothy Itanyi Source Type: research

Impact of a longitudinal faculty development program on the quality of multiple-choice question item writing in medical education
Conclusion: There was an improvement in EIQ following the implementation of longitudinal FDP. Thus, the need for active training and retraining of the faculty for a better EIQ cannot be overemphasized. Résumé Contexte: Comme beaucoup d'autres programmes universitaires, la formation médicale est incomplète sans un plan d'évaluation solide. Objectif: L'étude visait à évaluer l'impact du programme longitudinal de formation professorale (FDP) sur la qualité des éléments d'examen (EIQ) d'une cohorte de membres du corps professoral des facultés...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - March 13, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Lukman Femi Owolabi Bappa Adamu Magaji Garba Taura Adamu Imam Isa Abubakar Muhammed Jibo Reda Abdul-Razek Mufarrah Muhammed Alharthi Mushabab Alghamdi Source Type: research

Pheochromocytoma and glucoregulation disorders
Conclusions: In our data, diabetes and glucose intolerance were found concurrently with pheochromocytoma in 60.78% of patients. Thus, it is important for clinicians to screen for glycemic disorder when pheochromocytoma is diagnosed, especially in patients with other risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes such as elevated BMI. Removal of these tumors can reduce insulin secretion and severe peripheral insulin resistance making early diagnosis important. Résumé Introduction: Les phéochromocytomes sont des tumeurs productrices de catécholamines, ils se manifestent par divers symptômes cliniq...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - March 13, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Sara Derrou Toumader Bouziane Houda Salhi Hanan El Ouahabi Source Type: research

Heavy metal content of rice meals sold in a Nigerian market population with a high prevalence of hypertension
Conclusions: Risk factors such as heavy metals may play a role in the high prevalence of hypertension observed in market populations, and rice meals may be a major source of these heavy metals. Résumé Contexte: Il a été démontré que certaines populations du marché au Nigéria présentent une prévalence élevée d'hypertension. Les preuves actuelles incluent l'environnement des polluants tels que les métaux lourds comme facteurs de risque d'hypertension. Objectif: étudier la teneur en métaux lourds des farines de riz vendues dans une popula...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - March 13, 2021 Category: African Health Authors: Ralph C Anakwue Ifeyinwa Dorothy Nnakenyi Aloysius N Maduforo Ekenechukwu E Young Chijioke I Okoli Chika I Ndiokwelu Charles C Ezenduka Source Type: research