Erratum: serum levels of single-carbon metabolism vitamins and homocysteine in head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma: Preliminary report
Annals of African Medicine 2019 18(4):214-214 (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 5, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Maxillary mucormycosis causing oroantral fistula in a young female
Sonal Saran, Yash Sharma, Tanvi Khanna, Abhay Pratap SinghAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(4):211-213 (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Sonal Saran Yash Sharma Tanvi Khanna Abhay Pratap Singh Source Type: research

Ovarian fibroma with torsion in a young female
Sonal Saran, Abhay Pratap Singh, Tanvi KhannaAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(4):210-211 (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Sonal Saran Abhay Pratap Singh Tanvi Khanna Source Type: research

Development of crohn & #39;s disease following treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis in a nigerian child: Case report and review of literature
We report the case of a Nigerian child with JIA who developed CD following treatment for JIA. A 9-year-old male with JIA was referred to the pediatric gastroenterology unit of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital on the account of chronic diarrhea with occasional passage of bloody stools. He had been on prednisolone and methotrexate which had controlled the joint flares. Colonoscopy revealed extensive colitis, ulcers, abscesses, and ileocecal disease. Histology confirmed the CD. In view of the unavailability of the recommended treatment, namely biologics in the country and financial constraints; steroids; and sulfasalazi...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Oluwafunmilayo Funke Adeniyi Uyi Ima-Edomwonyi A Emuobor Odeghe I Vincent Onyekwelu Source Type: research

Early signs of microvascular complications in pediatric patients with short duration of type 1 diabetes mellitus seen in southeast Nigeria
Conclusion: The study outcome demonstrated a high prevalence of early signs of microvascular complications such as retinopathy and nephropathy among youths with short duration of T1DM. Poor glycemic control, if not halted, is associated with early signs of microvascular complications which may become clinically evident; contrary to the belief that they are rare in childhood. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Chinwe Flora Ogugua Ugo Nnenna Chikani Maryann Ugochi Ibekwe Thomas Ngwieri Holley Allen Source Type: research

Pattern of limb amputations in Liberia
Conclusion: The profile of Limb amputation in Liberia is not very different from what is obtaining in the region. However the limitations of histology and other investigative procedure have affected the accurate diagnosis of certain conditions like tumours. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Joseph K Weyhee Mohammed Kabir Abubakar Ernest Muvunandinda Patrick Okao Atem D Geu Source Type: research

Prevalence and pattern of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorders among hemodialysis patients in kano, northwest nigeria
Conclusion: CKD-MBD is common among patients on hemodialysis in our center. Screening for CKD-MBD and appropriate use of phosphate binder and Vitamin D when indicated are highly recommended. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Alhaji Abdu Aliyu Abdu Fatiu A Arogundade Source Type: research

Gross motor developmental delay in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children under 2 years of age
Conclusions: A tendency to poorer motor development is apparent in young children infected by HIV and can manifest as early as the first 6 months of life. Routine HIV screening as well as early developmental assessment of all children should be encouraged. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Patience Ngozi Obiagwu Source Type: research

Giant cystic schwannoma of the cauda equina
Meryem Himmiche, Mohammed Benzagmout, Badreeddine Alami, Imane Staouni Benabdellah, Khalid Chakour, Mohamed E ChaouiAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(3):180-183 (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Meryem Himmiche Mohammed Benzagmout Badreeddine Alami Imane Staouni Benabdellah Khalid Chakour Mohamed E Chaoui Source Type: research

Large extraskeletal ewing sarcoma of the hand: A rare entity
Sonal Saran, Annu Kharbanda, Sunil MalikAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(3):177-179 (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Sonal Saran Annu Kharbanda Sunil Malik Source Type: research

Do skin lesions in the young sound an alarm
Anupam DeyAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(3):176-177 (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Anupam Dey Source Type: research

Isolated testicular metastasis from prostatic adenocarcinoma
Aminu M. C. Dahiru, Nasiru Raheem, Haruna Asura Nggada, Abdullahi Muzzamil, Yunusa DahiruAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(3):173-175 Metastatic carcinomas to the testes are rare with prostate adenocarcinoma being the most common. Reported cases of metastatic carcinoma to the testes are usually associated with metastasis to other sites. Metastasis to the testis alone without associated secondaries to other sites can occur and so far, few cases have been reported globally. Due to the rarity of such presentation and the need for proper evaluation of orchiectomy specimens for prostatic adenocarcinoma, we report a case of an...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Aminu M. C. Dahiru Nasiru Raheem Haruna Asura Nggada Abdullahi Muzzamil Yunusa Dahiru Source Type: research

Prevalence and predictors of low back pain in a Southern Nigerian hospital
Conclusion: The pattern of both the professions at risk, due to the well-known mechanisms of poor ergonomics, and the marked risk for the female gender, in the hospital setting, suggest underresourced work and societal environments as the underlying factors-more research is needed. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Timothy Eyo Nottidge Bolanle A Nottidge Udeme E Ekrikpo Source Type: research

Intima-media thickness of femoral arteries and carotids among an adult hypertensive Nigerian population: A case & #8211;control study to assess their use as surrogate markers of atherosclerosis
Mayowa Abimbola Soneye, Ademola Joseph Adekanmi, Millicent Olubunmi Obajimi, Akinyemi AjeAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(3):158-166 Background: Increased intima-media thickness (IMT) is an established and important surrogate marker for atherosclerosis. Intima-media thickening in the femoral arteries occur earlier and reflect the true extent of generalized atherosclerosis better than in the carotids. Aims: To study the ultrasound-detected morphological changes in the common femoral versus carotid artery wall. Patients and Methods: A case-control study design was used, with 61 adult hypertensive as cases and 61 age-, sex...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Mayowa Abimbola Soneye Ademola Joseph Adekanmi Millicent Olubunmi Obajimi Akinyemi Aje Source Type: research

The normal range of maximal incisal opening in pediatric population and its association with physical variables
Conclusion: MIO gradually increased with age in both the genders, and a strong positive correlation of MIO with height and weight was observed. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Stuti Kumari Divya C Reddy Santhosh T Paul Source Type: research

Hyperhomocysteinemia and folate levels in normal healthy Nigerians living in Zaria: Subanalysis of ABU homocysteine cross-sectional survey
Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia in normal healthy Northern-Nigerians which cannot be accounted for by suboptimal folate levels. Hyperhomocysteinemia may not be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in normal healthy Nigerians despite its high levels as it showed no significant relationship with BP. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Obiageli Uzoamaka Onyemelukwe Bilkisu Bello Maiha Source Type: research

Outcome of acute urinary tract infections caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli with phenotypically demonstrable virulence factors
Conclusion: The present study has shown the production of various virulent factors and developing drug resistance in UPEC. Treatment outcomes of patients harboring strains with no virulence factors seem to be better than the ones which contain multiple virulence factors. UPEC occurs because of multiple virulence factors. Biofilm formation and MRHA are more likely to be seen in catheterized patients. The drug resistance among UPEC is on rise; therefore, the selection of appropriate antibiotics (after antibiotic susceptibility testing) is must for proper treatment of patients and to avoid emergence of drug resistance. Signif...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Unnimaya Pullanhi Sadia Khan Vivek Vinod Karthika Mohan Anil Kumar Source Type: research

A prospective randomized comparative study of targeted versus empirical prophylactic antibiotics in the prevention of infective complications following transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy
Conclusion: TA was associated with a decreased risk of infection in TRPB. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Alaba Fredrich Doherty Stephen Odunayo Ikuerowo Emmanuel Ajibola Jeje Nasiru Akanmu Ibrahim Olumuyiwa Louis Ojongbede Wasiu Bamidele Mutiu Olufunmilade Akinfolarin Omisanjo Abimbola Ayodeji Abolarinwa Source Type: research

Palliative external beam radiotherapy for advanced breast cancer patients with brain metastasis in the university college hospital Ibadan
Conclusion: WBRT is an effective treatment modality for patients with brain metastasis in our resource-poor environment. However, improvement of patients' performance status declined with advancing age. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Hassan Ibrahim Aliyu Ango Yaroko Source Type: research

Inflammation and cancer
Nitin Singh, Deepak Baby, Jagadish Prasad Rajguru, Pankaj B Patil, Savita S Thakkannavar, Veena Bhojaraj PujariAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(3):121-126 Inflammation is often associated with the development and progression of cancer. The cells responsible for cancer-associated inflammation are genetically stable and thus are not subjected to rapid emergence of drug resistance; therefore, the targeting of inflammation represents an attractive strategy both for cancer prevention and for cancer therapy. Tumor-extrinsic inflammation is caused by many factors, including bacterial and viral infections, autoimmune diseases, ...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Nitin Singh Deepak Baby Jagadish Prasad Rajguru Pankaj B Patil Savita S Thakkannavar Veena Bhojaraj Pujari Source Type: research

High-flow type of peripheral arteriovenous malformation causing severe cosmetic deformity
Sonal Saran, Sunil Malik, Yash Sharma, Annu KharbandaAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(2):117-119 (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Sonal Saran Sunil Malik Yash Sharma Annu Kharbanda Source Type: research

Pneumobilia with multiple air-fluid levels on abdominal radiography: A clincher
Sonal Saran, Sunil Malik, Annu Kharbanda, Yash SharmaAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(2):115-116 (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Sonal Saran Sunil Malik Annu Kharbanda Yash Sharma Source Type: research

Status epilepticus and bilateral middle cerebral artery infarction: A rare presentation after viper bite
We report this as a unique case of viper bite which presented to the emergency room with status epilepticus. Moreover, bilateral MCA infarct, as was found in this case, is genuinely rare in scientific literature. Finally, the absence of overt features of envenomation makes this case stand out from other similar reported occurrences. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Durjoy Lahiri Vishal Madhukar Sawale Souvik Dubey Biman Kanti Roy Shyamal Kumar Das Source Type: research

Successful pregnancy following acquired gynatresia
Amina Gambo Umar, Yakubu Ahmed, Jamila Abubakar Garba, Abdullahi Umar Adoke, Abdulhadi Diyo Saidu, Mairo HassanAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(2):108-110 Acquired gynatresia is a common gynecological condition in developing countries where puerperal complications and unskilled interventions prevail. A 23-year-old primipara who had spontaneous vaginal delivery complicated by gynatresia had vaginoplasty that failed due to erectile dysfunction in the spouse. She subsequently developed secondary amenorrhea and was relieved with dilatation and evacuation. She was planned for definitive surgery, however,she incidentally conc...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Amina Gambo Umar Yakubu Ahmed Jamila Abubakar Garba Abdullahi Umar Adoke Abdulhadi Diyo Saidu Mairo Hassan Source Type: research

Serum procalcitonin levels in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients in North Indian Population
Conclusion: The study confirms that PCT levels were higher in AECOPD patients as compared to stable COPD patients. PCT could be used as a biomarker of exacerbations of COPD and can be used to target management and guiding the treatment in patients with acute exacerbations of COPD. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Sarika Pandey Rajiv Garg Surya Kant Ajay Verma Priyanka Gaur Source Type: research

Assessment of the knowledge of fathers, uptake of routine immunization, and its associated factors in a rural community of North West Nigeria
Conclusion: The study reported the knowledge of RI among fathers was poor. Having formal education and perception that children should be allowed to receive RI were correlates of good knowledge and uptake of RI. Parents, fathers, in particular, should be educated on the schedule of RI. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Mansur Olayinka Raji Abdullahi Ashiru Sani Luqman Sanda Ibrahim Hafsah Muhammad Remi Abiola Oladigbolu Aminu Umar Kaoje Source Type: research

Effect of scaling and root planing on gingival crevicular fluid levels of adrenomedullin in chronic periodontitis patients with and without diabetes mellitus type 2: A clinico-biochemical study
Conclusion: Adrenomedullin levels being higher in diabetics without any periodontal involvement than healthy controls suggest a link between DM and adrenomedullin. Furthermore, infection plays a noteworthy role in the elevation of adrenomedullin, indicating its role in periodontal disease progression. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Lavanya Pragada Dhoom Singh Mehta V Manasa Chandrahas Gangaram Bathini Sneha Kesari Ritika Bansal Source Type: research

Clinicopathologic presentation of malignant orbito-ocular tumors in Kano, Nigeria: A prospective multicenter study
Conclusions: Retinoblastoma was the most common malignant orbito-ocular tumor observed in this study. Patients often present late to the hospital with visual loss. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Saudat Garba Habib Abdu Lawan Pam Victoria Source Type: research

Prevalence of traumatic dental injury to the anterior teeth in children attending paramilitary and nonparamilitary schools in Nigeria
Conclusion: The prevalence of TDI among the study participants was 11.4% and more in the paramilitary schools than the nonparamilitary. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Philip U Ogordi IN Ize-Iyamu EO Adeniyi Source Type: research

Epistaxis: The demographics, etiology, management, and predictors of outcome in Jos, North-Central Nigeria
Conclusion: Epistaxis of idiopathic origin occurring mostly in young males is the most common with most resolving on conservative management. Early hospital presentation, normal blood pressure at presentation and all management modalities were positive predictors of outcome in our patients. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Adeyi A Adoga Daniel D Kokong Joyce G Mugu Emoche T Okwori John P Yaro Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of HIV-2 and dual infection among HIV-infected individuals with clinical and laboratory features at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, Mangalore: The present scenario
Conclusion: We conclude that the incidence of HIV-2 and dual infection does occur in our setup with males of older age group being more commonly affected where TB is the most common OI. Hence, clinicians should keep in mind that HIV-2 infection does occur and differentiating as HIV-1, HIV-2, or dual infection is important, to provide appropriate treatment which will result in decreased morbidity and mortality rates. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Jutang Babat Ain Tiewsoh Beena Antony Rekha Boloor Source Type: research

A comparative study of the efficacy of intravenous benzylpenicillin and intravenous augmentin in the empirical management of Ludwig & #39;s angina
Conclusion: The efficacies and the clinical outcomes of the two antibiotics were similar. Benzylpenicillin is probably a suitable empirical alternative where Augmentin cannot be afforded, to reduce the mortality associated with the condition. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Matthew Owusu Boamah Birch Dauda Saheeb Grace E Parkins Isaac Nuamah Tom Akuetteh Ndanu Paa-Kwesi Blankson Source Type: research

Serum levels of single-carbon metabolism vitamins and homocysteine in head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma: Preliminary report
Conclusion: Significantly low serum Vitamin A and hypofolataemia are associated with head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma. This is suggestive of a role for these vitamins in the etiopathogenesis of the disease. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Victor Ifeolu Akinmoladun Olatubosun Ganiyu Arinola Source Type: research

Relative frequencies of neurological disorders in Northwestern Nigeria: A retrospective study
Conclusion: The outcome of this study revealed that stroke and spinal cord compression syndromes were the most common neurological disorders in our center. It also showed that individuals within their productive age (50–54 years) were more affected. Given the present state of constrained resources, coordinated efforts at the institutional, state, and federal government levels are essential to encourage prioritization, funding, and implementation of effective health-care delivery system. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Salisu Abdullahi Balarabe Jamila Mohammad Kamfani Source Type: research

Disseminated cysticercosis in an immunocompetent individual
Kothai Gnanamoorthy, Prasanna Karthik SuthakaranAnnals of African Medicine 2019 18(1):51-53 Cysticercosis is a major public health problem, particularly in developing countries. It is caused by the larvae of the cestode Taenia solium (pork tapeworm). It usually presents as a solitary lesion in the muscle or brain (neurocysticercosis). Disseminated cysticercosis is an uncommon manifestation, especially in an immunocompetent individual. We hereby report the case of a 31-year-old male who presented with new-onset generalized tonic–clonic seizures and who also had multiple soft-tissue swellings all over his body. Imagin...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Kothai Gnanamoorthy Prasanna Karthik Suthakaran Source Type: research

Standard treatment guidelines: Perception and utilization in a tertiary health care facility in South-South, Nigeria
Conclusion: There is low awareness and poor utilization of the STG among doctors in the facility which may be a reflection of the situation in other health facilities in the country. There is need to encourage the use of this clinical tool to ensure appropriate use of medicines and delivery of health care in resource-limited settings. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: A Stephen Ayinbuomwan Ambrose O Isah Source Type: research

The effect of body mass index and gender on lipid profile in children and adolescents in Saudi Arabia
Conclusion: High BMI was found to be associated with increased levels of LDL cholesterol and decreased levels of HDL cholesterol. No significant association between gender and changes in lipid profile was established (P = 0.898). Recommendation: All pediatricians must keep an open eye on overweight and obese children, routinely taking their weight measurements and screening for dyslipidemia by obtaining a full lipid profile for every child whose weight is 2 SDs above the mean. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Asmaa Adel Milyani Abdulmoein Eid Al-Agha Source Type: research

Acute perforated appendicitis in adults: Management and complications in Lagos, Nigeria
Conclusion: Appendiceal perforation was more common in male patients with first episode of acute appendicitis. Previous abdominal surgery and comorbid medical conditions were of lesser risk factors for appendiceal perforation in our patients. Surgical site infection was the commonest complication after surgery. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Olanrewaju Samuel Balogun Adedapo Osinowo Michael Afolayan Thomas Olajide Abdulrazzak Lawal Adedoyin Adesanya Source Type: research

Spectrum of high risk human papillomavirus types in women in Kaduna State, Nigeria
Conclusion: The findings from this study have shown that there is a high possibility of detecting the DNA of hrHPV in women that are infected with HPV and those that have cervical dysplasia, which points out the possibility of these women developing cervical cancer. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Sheba Joseph Magaji Maryam Aminu Helen Ileigo Inabo Adekunle O Oguntayo Source Type: research

A comparison of leadership competencies among doctors practicing in public and private hospitals in Jos metropolis of Plateau State, Nigeria
Conclusion: Perceived leadership competencies were low for the doctor–managers assessed. This calls for an innovative approach to the training and practice of health management in Jos Metropolis. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Kenneth Yakubu Musa Dankyau Maxwell Lodenyo Source Type: research

Pattern of noma (cancrum oris) and its risk factors in Northwestern Nigeria: A hospital-based retrospective study
Conclusion: This study showed a high burden of noma in Northwestern Nigeria, mostly among children aged 1–5 years, and with soft-tissue lesions involving multiple sites. Measles and malnutrition were the major risk factors identified, and the disease trend showed a wave-like pattern. There is an urgent need to eliminate the disease in Nigeria through prevention and control of infectious diseases and malnutrition. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Semiu Adetunji Adeniyi Kehinde Joseph Awosan Source Type: research

Hemorrhoidal disease: Predilection sites, pattern of presentation, and treatment
Conclusion: The most common anatomical site of external haemorrhoids is the right posterior quadrant position; frequently, multiple sites are simultaneously affected. Goligher classification Grade 1 hemorrhoids are effectively treated by injection sclerotherapy using 50% dextrose solution; a cheap and physiologic sclerotherapy agent. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Emeka Ray-Offor Solomon Amadi Source Type: research

Plantar ulcer occurrence among leprosy patients in Northern Nigeria: A study of contributing factors
Conclusion: Ulcer still remains a major problem among leprosy patients, especially RFT (76.6%) and most cases are provided with footwear late. Self-care knowledge is higher among cases than controls. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Gidado Mustapha Joshua Olusegun Obasanya Clement Adesigbe Kuye Joseph Chukwueme Nkemdilim Mansur Kabir Tahir Dahiru Source Type: research

Platform switching technique and crestal bone loss around the dental implants: A systematic review
Conclusion: PLS helps preserve crestal bone around the implants, and this concept should be followed when clinical situations in implant placement permit. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - February 5, 2019 Category: African Health Authors: Shivangi Gupta Robin Sabharwal Jazib Nazeer Lavina Taneja Basanta Kumar Choudhury Sudipta Sahu Source Type: research

Avascular necrosis of the femoral head: An exceptional complication of cushing & #39;s disease
We describe a 28-year-old female that has presented an AVN with Cushing's syndrome. Biochemical investigations confirmed HC. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a pituitary adenoma that was resected transsphenoidally. The postoperative failure directed to radiosurgery treatment. Then, the patient then expressed a significant clinical improvement while developing adrenocorticotropic deficiency; hence, steroids were indicated. During the discovery of Cushing disease, the patient presented also limping and progressive pain in right hip. The pelvis MRI showed an AVN of the right femoral head. The patient underwent a to...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 24, 2018 Category: African Health Authors: Nadia Belmahi Sa & #239;d Boujraf Maazou Mahamane Larwanou Hanan El Ouahabi Source Type: research

Submandibular sialolithiasis: The roles of radiology in its diagnosis and treatment
Joshua Oluwafemi Aiyekomogbon, Lewis Bamidele Babatunde, Abdul J SalamAnnals of African Medicine 2018 17(4):221-224 E. N was a 48-year-old man referred from a peripheral hospital to the Maxillofacial unit of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, on account of 1-year history of left-sided jaw pain and swelling, particularly after meal. The conventional plain radiograph of the jaws appeared normal as there was no opacity of soft tissue or calcific density visualized. Sialography revealed an oval-shaped filling defect in the dilated left Wharton's duct, which could suggest radiolucent calculus. Ultrasound sca...
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 24, 2018 Category: African Health Authors: Joshua Oluwafemi Aiyekomogbon Lewis Bamidele Babatunde Abdul J Salam Source Type: research

Prevalence of, and risk factors for erectile dysfunction in male type 2 diabetic outpatient attendees in Enugu, South East Nigeria
Conclusions: The prevalence of ED is high. Lifestyle interventions targeted at improving glycemic control and weight loss may reduce the burden of this complication. We recommend objective ED screening using standard but brief instruments as part of routine evaluation of men with T2DM. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 24, 2018 Category: African Health Authors: Fred O Ugwumba Christian I Okafor Ikenna I Nnabugwu Emeka I Udeh Kevin N Echetabu Agharighom D Okoh John C Okorie Source Type: research

Quantitative analysis of AgNOR counts and pap stain in exfoliative cytology specimens of oral mucosa in bidi smokers and nonsmokers
Conclusion: A significant difference of AgNORs/nucleus was observed between bidi smokers and nonsmokers. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 24, 2018 Category: African Health Authors: Tarun Vyas Parul Verma Mohammed Abidullah Sandhya Singh Kushwaha Pradyumna Kumar Sahoo Smita R Priyadarshini Santosh Kumar Subudhi Vivek Rana Source Type: research

Low case fatality during 2017 cholera outbreak in Borno State, North Eastern Nigeria
Conclusion: This study reports on the largest ever documented cholera outbreak in five LGAs in Borno State. The outbreak was focused in LGA hit hardest by the destructive activities of insurgents and then spread to neighboring LGAs. The low CFR recorded in this cholera outbreak was achieved through timely detection, reporting, and response by the coordinated efforts of the EOC established by the SMoH that harmonized the outbreak response. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 24, 2018 Category: African Health Authors: Ballah Akawu Denue Cecilia Balla Akawu Salihu Aliyu Kwayabura Ibrahim Kida Source Type: research

Effect of ramadan fasting on glycemic control and other essential variables in diabetic patients
Conclusion: In one of the largest studies of its kind, we show that Ramadan fasting has positive effects on T2DM patients as it reduces their blood pressure, blood glucose, HbA1C, and BMI. Furthermore, there are improvements in the duration of sleep and physical activity, the role of Ramadan fasting in diabetes therapy has been confirmed. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - December 24, 2018 Category: African Health Authors: Abd & #252;lbari Bener Abdulla O. A A. Al-Hamaq Mustafa & #214;zt & #252;rk Funda & #199;atan Parvez I Haris Kaleem U Rajput Abd & #252;lkadir & #214;mer Source Type: research